Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1094
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Vancampfort Davy - - 2011
BackgroundAlthough schizophrenia is the fifth leading cause of disability-adjusted life years worldwide in people aged 15 to 44 years, the clinical evidence of physical therapy as a complementary treatment remains largely unknown. PURPOSE: /b>The purpose of this study was to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effectiveness of ...
Cruz-Ferreira Ana - - 2011
Cruz-Ferreira A, Fernandes J, Laranjo L, Bernardo LM, Silva A. A systematic review of the effects of Pilates method of exercise in healthy people. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate evidence for the effectiveness of the Pilates method of exercise (PME) in healthy people. DATA SOURCES: Published research was identified by searching Science ...
Kwan Marilyn L - - 2011
Controversy exists regarding the role of exercise in cancer patients with or at risk for lymphedema, particularly breast. We conducted a systematic review of the contemporary literature to distill the weight of the evidence and provide recommendations for exercise and lymphedema care in breast cancer survivors. Publications were retrieved from ...
Cumming Toby B - - 2011
ABSTRACTBackground: Research in both humans and animals indicates that physical activity can enhance cognitive activity, but whether this is true in patients with stroke is largely unknown. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between increased physical activity after stroke and cognitive performance.Methods: A systematic review was conducted of MEDLINE, EMBASE, ...
Witham Miles D - - 2011
Background and aims: The six minute walk test is widely used to measure aerobic exercise capacity in older people, but lack responsiveness to change. We aimed to compare the reliability, responsiveness and completion rates of the six minute walk with a new test of aerobic exercise capacity - the endurance ...
Sari Nazmi - - 2011
The impacts of exercise and physical activity on healthcare utilization of older adults have been studied using either (1) clinical trials or retrospective cohort studies focusing on older people who participated in various exercise intervention programs, or (2) survey data. This review focuses on both streams of studies, which cover ...
Habers Gerarda E A - - 2011
Objective. Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) are a group of rare heterogeneous autoimmune skeletal muscle disorders characterized by muscle weakness, excessive muscle fatigue and diminished aerobic fitness. Exercise training could be one way to prevent or delay the negative effects of the disease and the impairments seen in patients with an ...
Güvenç Alpay - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Ramadan fasting on body composition, aerobic exercise performance and blood lactate, heart rate and perceived exertion in regularly trained young soccer players. Sixteen male soccer players participated in this study. Mean age, stature, body mass and training age of ...
Disseldorp Laurien M - - 2011
Disseldorp LM, Nieuwenhuis MK, Van Baar ME, Mouton LJ. Physical fitness in people after burn injury: a systematic review. To gain insight into the physical fitness of people after burn injury compared with healthy subjects, and to present an overview of the effectiveness of exercise training programs in improving physical ...
Stickland Michael K - - 2011
Exercise challenge testing is the typical method for diagnosing exercise induced bronchoconstriction; however, alternate tests have been developed. The purpose of this paper was to summarize the current literature comparing eucapnic voluntary hyperpnea and mannitol with standard exercise challenge testing to determine whether either test is a suitable alternative to ...
Chang Yao-Jen - - 2011
This study assessed the possibility of rehabilitating two young adults with motor impairments using a Kinect-based system in a public school setting. This study was carried out according to an ABAB sequence in which A represented the baseline and B represented intervention phases. Data showed that the two participants significantly ...
Castanheira Laura Gomes - - 2011
Non clinical studies are one of the requirements for the Brazilian National Regulatory Authority, ANVISA, for licensing a similar biotherapeutic product. During the WHO/KFDA workshop on implementing WHO guidelines on evaluating similar biotherapeutic products (SBP) in Seoul, Republic of Korea, the Brazilian experience with the non clinical studies of a ...
Nijs Jo - - 2011
Eur J Clin Invest 2011 ABSTRACT: Background  Central sensitisation entails several top-down and bottom-up mechanisms, all contributing to the hyperresponsiveness of the central nervous system to a variety of inputs. In the late nineties, it was first hypothesised that chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by hypersensitivity of the central ...
Janaudis-Ferreira Tania - - 2011
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There are no recommendations on how to measure arm exercise capacity in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The objectives of this study were to: (i) synthesize the literature on measures of arm exercise capacity in individuals with COPD; (ii) describe the psychometric properties and the target ...
Baker William L - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate studies that have assessed the effect of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation on body composition and physical performance in older adults. DESIGN: A systematic review of the medical literature identified from searches of databases, reference lists, and recent conference proceedings with qualitative assessment of the desired end points. SETTING: ...
Bergland A - - 2011
The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effect of a 3-month course of exercises on mobility, balance, disease-specific, and generic health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for women with osteoporosis and a history of vertebral fractures. Our results showed that exercises improved their mobility, balance, and HRQOL. ...
Taylor Teletia R - - 2011
The objective of this pilot study was to determine the effect of a supervised short-term exercise trial on exercise adherence in a sample of African American males. We observed exercise adherence rates among a group of African American men in response to an exercise intervention. Exercise adherence was determined by ...
Shankarappa Sahadev A - - 2011
Physical exercise produces a variety of psychophysical effects, including altered pain perception. Elevated levels of centrally produced endorphins or endocannabinoids are implicated as mediators of exercise-induced analgesia. The effect of exercise on the development and persistence of disease-associated acute/chronic pain remains unclear. In this study, we quantified the physiological consequence ...
Holloszy John O - - 2011
Endurance exercise training can induce large increases mitochondria and the GLUT4 isoform of the glucose transporter in skeletal muscle. For a long time after the discovery in the 1960s that exercise results in an increase in muscle mitochondria, there was no progress in elucidation of the mechanisms involved. The reason ...
Kinni Harish - - 2011
The pathophysiology of stroke, a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, is still in the process of being understood. Pre-ischemic exercise has been known to be beneficial in reducing the severity of stroke-induced brain injury in animal models. Forced exercise with a stressful component, rather than voluntary exercise, was better ...
Caruso J F - - 2011
To examine blood lactate concentrations from high-speed exercise resistive exercise, subjects performed workouts on an inertial kinetic exercise (Oconomowoc, WI) device. Workouts entailed two 60-s sets of elbow flexor (curling) repetitions. Pre- and post-exercise blood lactate concentrations were measured, via a fingertip blood drop, with an analyzer. From workouts the ...
Korkiakangas Eveliina E - - 2011
Scand J Caring Sci; 2011; 25; 62-69 Motivators and barriers to exercise among adults with a high risk of type 2 diabetes - a qualitative study Purpose:  Type 2 diabetes (T2D) can be prevented through lifestyle changes. Regular exercise for more than 4 hours per week, combined with weight loss and ...
Sperlich Billy - - 2011
To examine the correlation of peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak), velocity at lactate threshold (V(LT)), and running economy (RE) in a group of Special Force Squad members. VO2 peak, V(LT), and RE of 120 male elite special force police squad members (VO2 peak, 57.4 +/- 4.3 mL minute(-1) kg(-1); age, ...
Hagen Marco - - 2011
Nordic walking (NW) was compared with walking (W) and running (R) with respect to upper and lower limb injury risks. 24 NW-instructors performed W, NW, and R trials on a runway covered with artificial turf at controlled speeds. Foot pronation and ground reaction forces were measured as well as shock ...
Safdar Adeel - - 2011
Endurance exercise is known to induce metabolic adaptations in skeletal muscle via activation of the transcriptional co-activator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ co-activator 1α (PGC-1α). PGC-1α regulates mitochondrial biogenesis via regulating transcription of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes. Recently, PGC-1α has been shown to reside in mitochondria; however, the physiological consequences of mitochondrial ...
Singleton Enrica Kinchen - - 2011
From a convenience sample consisting of junior level nursing students enrolled in a research class at a southern Historically Black College and University (HBCU), this pilot study investigated the percent of participants who were overweight as determined by Body Mass Index (BMI) measurements, and the percent satisfied with their body ...
Park Yeon-Hwan - - 2011
the aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of HAHA (Healthy Aging and Happy Aging) program, which is an integrated health education and exercise program for community-dwelling older adults with hypertension. older adults with hypertension from one senior center were randomly allocated to experimental (n=18) or control group ...
Dougherty Cynthia M - - 2011
The development of a conceptually driven exercise and self-management intervention for improving functional capability and reducing health care costs using social cognitive theory is described. The intervention has 2 components: a 1-month outpatient exercise intervention followed by a home component, lasting 5 months. The intervention is expected to have significant ...
Heiwe Susanne - - 2011
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem. In the National Kidney Foundation Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative guidelines it is stressed that lifestyle issues such as physical activity should be seen as cornerstones of the therapy. The physical fitness in adults with CKD is so reduced that it ...
Herbert Robert D - - 2011
Many people stretch before or after engaging in athletic activity. Usually the purpose is to reduce risk of injury, reduce soreness after exercise, or enhance athletic performance. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2007. The aim of this review was to determine effects of stretching ...
Gregory Sara S Department of Exercise Science and Sports Studies, Springfield College , Springfield, MA, - - 2011
The present study compared the metabolic responses between a single low-carbohydrate (LC) and low-fat (LF) meal followed by an aerobic exercise bout in females. Subjects included 8 active, premenopausal females. Subjects completed a LC and LF testing session. Respiratory gas exchange (RER) measurements were taken for 20 min fasted, for ...
Howe Tracey E TE School of Health & Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK. - - 2011
In older adults, diminished balance is associated with reduced physical functioning and an increased risk of falling. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2007. To examine the effects of exercise interventions on balance in older people, aged 60 and over, living in the community or ...
Périard Julien D - - 2010
Muscle weakness following constant load exercise under heat stress has been associated with hyperthermia-induced central fatigue. However, evidence of central fatigue influencing intense self-paced exercise in the heat is lacking. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate force production capacity and central nervous system drive in skeletal muscle pre- ...
McGrath Jennifer A - - 2011
mcgrath j.a., o'malley m. & hendrix t.j. (2011) Group exercise mode and health-related quality of life among healthy adults. Journal of Advanced Nursing 67(3), 491-500. ABSTRACT: Aim.  This paper is a report of a study conducted to identify the difference between mode of group exercise and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), to ...
Juhakoski Riikka - - 2011
To evaluate the short- and long-term effectiveness of exercise training in relation to pain, function and direct costs to health care systems attributable to hip osteoarthritis. Prospective, two-year randomized controlled trial. An outpatient primary health care setting. One hundred and twenty men and women aged from 55 to 80, with ...
Clegg Miriam E - - 2010
Medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) are triglycerides with a fatty acid chain length varying between 6 and 10 carbon atoms. MCT differ from long-chain triglycerides as they are relatively soluble in water and, hence, rapidly hydrolysed and absorbed. MCT are transported in the blood through the portal system, consequently they bypass adipose ...
Strazdins Lyndall - - 2011
Lack of time is the main reason people say they do not exercise or use public transport, so addressing time barriers is essential to achieving health promotion goals. Our aim was to investigate how time barriers are viewed by the people who develop programs to increase physical activity or use ...
Archer Trevor - - 2011
Chronic and acute stress, with associated pathophysiology, are implicated in a variety of disease states, with neuroimmunological dysregulation and inflammation as major hazards to health and functional sufficiency. Psychosocial stress and negative affect are linked to elevations in several inflammatory biomarkers. Immunosenescence, the deterioration of immune competence observed in the ...
Duclos Martine - - 2010
Systemic administration of glucocorticoids (GCs) is banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) during competition. Few studies have examined the effects of GCs on exercise performance, but increasing evidence has shown that short-term GC intake enhances performance in animals and humans. However, there are many health risks associated with GC ...
Anderson Rhonda - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the factors that influence midlife women to make positive exercise and dietary changes. In late 2005 questionnaires were mailed to 866 women aged 51-66 years from rural and urban locations in Queensland, Australia and participating in Stage 2 of the Healthy Aging ...
Fowkes Virginia - - 2010
Health professionals in community settings are generally unprepared for disasters. From 2006 to 2008 the California Statewide Area Health Education Center (AHEC) program conducted 90 table top exercises in community practice sites in 18 counties. The exercises arranged and facilitated by AHEC trained local coordinators and trainers were designed to ...
Law Rebecca-Jane - - 2010
Exercise is important in RA management. However, RA patients are less active than the general population. This qualitative study explores the perceptions of patients regarding the effects of exercise on joint health. A purposive sample of 12 female and 6 male RA outpatients [age: 23-76 years; disease duration: 2.5 months ...
Mustata Stefan - - 2011
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have impaired performance in physical tasks, lower health-related quality of life and high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Moderate intensity exercise has been shown to provide cardiovascular and metabolic benefits in healthy individuals and patients without CKD. Long-term exercise training is recommended as a vital ...
Tamari Kotaro - - 2010
Tamari K. Baseline comorbidity associated with the short-term effects of exercise intervention on quality of life in the Japanese older population: an observational study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate predictors of responses to a class-based exercise program in terms of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). DESIGN: A 3-month prospective cohort study. SETTING: ...
Fluker Shelly-Ann - - 2010
Clinical guidelines recommend that physicians counsel patients on diet and exercise; however, physician counseling remains suboptimal. To determine if incorporating performance improvement (PI) methodologies into a needs assessment for an internal medicine (IM) residency curriculum on nutrition and exercise counseling was feasible and enhanced our understanding of the curricular needs. ...
McGale Nadine - - 2010
Objective This pilot study investigated the effectiveness of a team-based sport/psychosocial intervention (Back of the Net, BTN) with an individual exercise (IE) and a control condition for the mental health of young men. Design Ten-week randomized control trial and eight-week post-intervention follow-up. Methods A total of 104 sedentary males aged ...
Yager Zali - - 2010
This study examined the impact of two interventions on body image, eating disorder risk and excessive exercise among 170 (65% female) trainee health education and physical education (HE&PE) teachers of mean (standard deviation) age 21.6 (2.3) who were considered an 'at-risk' population for poor body image and eating disorders. In ...
Burke Megan F - - 2010
Regular physical activity and especially aerobic exercise are associated with reduced risk of disease and enhanced longevity, but the molecular mechanisms of these health benefits remain obscure. A comprehensive metabolomic approach was used to characterize the changes in blood levels of >200 metabolites upon vigorous exercise and identified two dozen ...
Berryman Jack W - - 2010
Much of the early information about exercise and medicine appeared in the ancient, medieval, and Renaissance medical literature in the context of the "six things nonnatural." These were the things that were under everyone's own control, directly influenced health, and became the central part of the new "physical education" movement ...
Dunn Andrea L - - 2010
Including exercise for the prevention and treatment of mental disorders is a promising area of research for exercise scientists since data indicate that many of these disorders are not treated at all, and there is a significant delay in treatment. This review provides an appraisal of the recent use of ...
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