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Results 451 - 500 of 1102
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Ouzouni Stavroula - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of intradialytic exercise training on health-related quality of life indices in haemodialysis patients. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: Thirty-five patients on haemodialysis, with a mean (SD) age of 48.8 (13.9) years, volunteered to participate in the study. They were randomized either to rehabilitation group (group A: 19 patients), following ...
Crespo Joaquin - - 2009
Cardiopulmonary parameters, particularly peak oxygen consumption, have proven utility in prognostic stratification for patients with heart failure. These have been typically corrected for total body weight as opposed to lean body mass (LBM). For practical purposes, fat consumes virtually no oxygen and receives minimal perfusion. Based on this rationale and ...
Hubbard Ruth E - - 2009
Concern has been expressed that preventive measures in older people might increase frailty by increasing survival without improving health. We investigated the impact of exercise on the probabilities of health improvement, deterioration and death in community-dwelling older people. In the Canadian Study of Health and Aging, health status was measured ...
Moncada-Jimènez José J School of Physical Education and Sports, Universidad de Costa Rica , Costa - - 2009
The aim of the study was to investigate the association between the initial metabolic state and exercise-induced endotoxaemia on the appearance of gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS) during exercise. Eleven males (36.6 ± 4.9 yrs, 1.7 ± 0.1 m, 74.5 ± 7.7 kg, DEXA body fat % 17.2 ± 6.6, VO2max 57.4 ...
Chang Hyukki H Institute of Sports Science, Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Seoul National University , - - 2009
Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats are an animal model for obesity and Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus by hyperphagia. The lactate threshold (LT) is used to determinate aerobic capacity and exercise intensity in individuals. The purpose of this study was to determine whether velocity at the LT (VLT), glucose, ...
Kang Sunghwun S Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education ; Department of - - 2009
The aim of study was to evaluate whether circuit resistance exercise (CE) improves glycemic control and adipokine levels in comparison with walking exercise (WE) in 15 adult postmenopausal Korean females with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The participants were randomly assigned to either the CE or WE group. Subjects exercised ...
Ishii Kaori K Tokyo Medical University, Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, - - 2009
The perception of barriers to exercise is an important correlate of exercise participation. However, only a limited number of studies-mostly from Western countries-have attempted to describe the perceptions of barriers to exercise in specific population groups. This study examined the associations between sociodemographic attributes and perceived barriers to exercise in ...
Jolly Kate K School of Health & Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. - - 2009
The National Institute of Clinical Excellence in the UK has recommended that the effectiveness of ongoing exercise referral schemes to promote physical activity should be examined in research trials. Recent empirical evidence in health care and physical activity promotion contexts provides a foundation for testing the utility of a Self ...
Pasupathi Monisha - - 2009
Drawing from a narrative identity framework, we present the results of three studies examining the nature of what people do and do not disclose about their life experiences. Across three studies, our findings indicate that (1) the major difference in what people do and do not disclose concerns the emotionality ...
Guiguet Leal Diego Averaldo - - 2008
The consumption of oysters and cockles, which are usually eaten raw or lightly-cooked, can cause outbreaks of human diseases, especially if these shellfish are harvested from polluted areas. In Brazil data about the occurrence of pathogens, like hepatitis A virus, in shellfish have been reported but research on natural contamination ...
Esin Melek Nihal - - 2008
The present descriptive study was planned to be the first stage of a school-based programme towards promoting healthy behaviours in Turkish women after determining their healthy behaviours and their need for relevant education. The sample was composed of 468 mothers of students attending an elementary school located in the city ...
Diehl Jason J - - 2008
How would you define exercise? If you look up exercise in the dictionary, it is defined as physical activity used for the purpose of conditioning any part of the body. Exercise is an important topic because in the United States less than 50% of the total population exercises on a ...
Ablah Elizabeth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Local health departments and public health nurses are crucial in surveillance and response during public health emergencies. Simulated exercises are useful to train personnel and test emergency preparedness plans, but these exercises can be inconvenient or unrealistic. To address these drawbacks, "Public Health Investigation" (PHI), a multicounty, electronic infectious ...
Carless David - - 2008
Social support is important for people experiencing serious mental illness and is also important during the initiation and maintenance of exercise. In this article we draw on interpretive research into the experiences of 11 men with serious mental illness to explore four dimensions of social support both for and through ...
Liu X - - 2010
To evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and effects of a Tai Chi and Qigong exercise programme in adults with elevated blood glucose. A single group pre-post feasibility trial with 11 participants (3 male and 8 female; aged 42-65 years) with elevated blood glucose. Participants attended Tai Chi and Qigong exercise training ...
Chan Ka Lok - - 2008
The associations between serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels and several health-related lifestyle factors were evaluated in 85 healthy human subjects. Results showed that the frequency of fruit intake, exercise and television watching were associated with serum BDNF level. There was a higher serum BDNF level from the group with ...
Quick Brian L BL Department of Communication, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. - - 2008
This investigation tests a conceptualization of reactance as a two-step process. This conceptualization was recently tested with college students, but research testing this conceptualization among primarily adult samples does not currently exist. Psychological reactance theory (PRT) states that individuals exposed to a threat or elimination of a freedom will experience ...
Lee Youngwhee - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between the severity of menopausal symptoms and depression in Korean women, 40-60 years of age, and to compare the severity of menopausal symptoms and depression between subjects who exercise regularly and subjects who do not exercise regularly. METHODS: Data for this cross-sectional, descriptive study were ...
Hagberg L A - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the importance of enjoyment of exercise in a health care-based intervention aimed at promoting physical exercise in primary health care patients. In a controlled study design, the intervention group was offered a wide range of group exercises over 3 months, followed by ...
George Keith - - 2008
Reports that participation in prolonged exercise can lead to a transient depression in ventricular function and/or a minor increase in biomarkers of cardiomyocyte insult have stimulated significant media and scientific attention in the last few years. Despite being of relevance to the scientist, the clinician, and a broad spectrum of ...
Folkow Björn - - 2008
The great importance of criticism in science--and its ups-and-downs due to human prejudices and emotions--is discussed in a historical perspective. Towards such a background, attempts are made to evaluate present controversies concerning the widely assumed cause-effect relations between diet-adipositas per se and disorders, like diabetes 2 and atherosclerosis. Seen from ...
D'Souza Pamela J - - 2008
Behavioral medicine interventions that directly reduce arousal and negative emotions, such as relaxation training (RT), are conceptually different from interventions that temporarily increase negative emotions, such as written emotional disclosure (WED), but no studies have directly compared their efficacy. We compared the effects of RT and WED on people with ...
Williams N H - - 2009
Physical inactivity is an important public health problem, which could be addressed by health promotion initiatives in primary care. The interventions most widely available to primary care clinicians are advice/counselling and exercise referral. A review of four systematic reviews found that brief advice from a general practitioner, supported by written ...
Swärdh Emma - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) often have to make changes in exercise behavior in order to gain and sustain health benefits. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe ways of understanding exercise maintenance among individuals with RA who had already started to exercise. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Dunton Genevieve Fridlund - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Demographic and temporal patterns in the social and physical environments of sports and exercise in the American Time Use Survey (years 2003-2006) are described. METHOD: The sample consisted of adult respondents (ages 21+) reporting at least one bout of sports or exercise (N=8844). During the interview, participants reported where ...
Frederikson Lesley G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Optometry is a regulated health profession in NZ, with limited student places. With 650 registered optometrists in 2005, the optometrist to population ratio was 1 : 6,291 with no apparent national shortage. If optometrists registered in NZ do not actually live there, a workforce shortage is possible. This paper ...
Campbell Bill - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been studied extensively in both animal and human models. CLA supplementation has been attributed to provide several health benefits that are based largely upon animal and in vitro studies. Recent literature suggests that CLA supplementation possesses an anti-adipogenic role. However, the results of studies in ...
Tetlie Trine - - 2008
People with mental illness are more likely to experience physical health problems and die prematurely than are comparable populations. This study evaluated whether exercise, when offered as part of routine treatment, affects the psychological and physical health of patients in a high-secure forensic unit in Norway. Thirteen patients completed a ...
Birrell Fraser - - 2008
Exercise and vitamin D are both important for musculoskeletal health. In this issue of the Journal, Scragg and Camargo (Am J Epidemiol 2008;168:577-86) provide a new analysis of relatively old data on physical activity and vitamin D from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994). This commentary considers ...
Tashiro Manabu - - 2008
To investigate exercise-induced regional metabolic and perfusion changes in the human brain, various methods are available, such as positron emission tomography (PET), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and electroencephalography (EEG). In this paper, details of methods of metabolic measurement using PET, [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]FDG) and [(15)O]radio-labelled water ([(15)O]H(2)O) ...
von Thiele Schwarz Ulrica - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the health-related effects of two worksite interventions, physical exercise and reduced workhours, on women employed in dentistry. METHODS: Six workplaces were randomized to one of the following three conditions: (i) 2.5 hours of weekly, mandatory physical exercise of middle-to-high intensity to be performed during workhours (N=62), ...
Larson James S - - 2010
The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey is used to compare three predictors of self-rated health, specifically exercise, tobacco smoking, and a diagnosis of diabetes (a proxy for obesity). Exercise is found to be the best predictor, and the remainder of the article discusses the role of exercise in disease prevention ...
Shi Hon-Yi - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: To compare responsiveness and minimal clinically important differences (MCID) between the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life (GIQLI) and the Short Form 36 (SF-36), we prospectively analyze 159 patients undergoing cholecystectomy at two tertiary academic hospitals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients completed the disease-specific GIQLI and the generic SF-36 before and ...
Moreno Josefa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Optimization of biocide use could serve to reduce the risks of biocides on human health. To optimize the risk/benefit ratio, it is important to develop procedures for evaluating the efficacy of biocide formulations. The authors examined the effectiveness of ten pyrethroid insecticide aerosol formulations registered for the household control ...
Pearce Patrick Z - - 2008
The medical benefits of regular physical activity, including weight loss and reduction in the risk of heart disease and certain cancers, are well known. Physicians are still reluctant, however, to prescribe exercise for their patients. Although many cite lack of time or poor reimbursement for counseling services, I believe the ...
Candib Lucy M - - 2008
Community health centers face the need for safe, accessible, and affordable exercise for low-income patients to implement self-management strategies. This study reports on one federally qualified health center's experience developing a partnership with a local YWCA to offer open access to patients for physical activity. Over a 24-month period, 1060 ...
Resnick Barbara - - 2008
The Exercise Assessment and Screening for You (EASY) is a tool developed to help older individuals, their health care providers, and exercise professionals identify different types of exercise and physical activity regimens that can be tailored to meet the existing health conditions, illnesses, or disabilities of older adults. The EASY ...
Painter Patricia - - 2008
Regular exercise training may be important for many patients with chronic disease, but research is needed to justify incorporation of exercise into their routine care. Education of health care providers on the importance of exercise is also needed to effectively pursue research and for exercise to be incorporated as a ...
Tipton Charles M - - 2008
When considering the history of exercise physiology, authors begin with Hippocrates and the "Golden Age" of Greece before mentioning Galen and the contributions from Rome. However, this approach has omitted the information from the ancient civilizations of India which flourished before and during the emergence of Mycenaen cultures. Specifically ignored ...
Abu-Alfa Ali K - - 2008
Anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD) decreases patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The objective of this subanalysis was to determine the effect of every-other-week (Q2W) darbepoetin alfa on hemoglobin (Hb) levels and HRQoL measures in subjects with CKD who are naïve to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs). STAAR was a 52-week, ...
Mutimura Eugene - - 2008
Our objective was to examine the effects of exercise training (EXS) on quality of life (QoL) in highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-treated HIV-positive (HIV+) subjects with body fat redistribution (BFR) in Rwanda. The effects of a randomised controlled trial of EXS on QoL were measured using World Health Organisation Quality ...
Cho Chiung-Yu - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the prevalence of common faulty postures among adolescents and identify if significant relationships existed among the number of faulty postures, psychologic distress, and musculoskeletal symptoms. METHODS: The Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and Chinese Health Questionnaire were randomly distributed to 300 high school students in the Tainan area. On-campus ...
Singh Nirbhay N - - 2008
Individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome have hyperphagia, a characteristic eating disorder defined by a marked delay in the satiety response when compared to controls. This eating disorder has been particularly difficult to control. The authors taught and evaluated effectiveness of regular exercise alone, regular exercise plus healthy eating, and mindfulness-based strategies ...
Daley Amanda - - 2008
Postnatal depression is a serious mental health problem that may be reduced by exercise. This study examined the feasibility of an exercise intervention for women with postnatal depression, and assessed which methods of recruitment are most effective. Randomised controlled trial. General practice and the community. Participants were recruited from various ...
Schneider Joanne Kraenzle - - 2008
This study examined health-related quality of life (HRQL) at baseline and 6, 9, and 12 months after initiating exercise training in three groups of older adults. The conditions were cognitive-behavioral therapy, attention-control health promotion education, and a control group. Participants (N = 332) were mainly women (n = 252, 75.9%) ...
Bowman Ann Marie - - 2008
Exercise is a cornerstone in the management of type 2 diabetes. However, those who have neuropathy as a complication of the disease may have decreased capacities for exercise and a greater need for exercise instruction and monitoring. The author conducted a study with a random sample of elderly adults with ...
Buttussi Fabio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease, obesity, and lack of physical fitness are increasingly common and negatively affect people's health, requiring medical assistance and decreasing people's wellness and productivity. In the last years, researchers as well as companies have been increasingly investigating wearable devices for fitness applications with the aim of improving user's ...
Stuart Mary - - 2008
Evidence is growing on the efficacy of exercise models for improving multiple domains of physiological health and fitness in people with chronic stroke. The Adaptive Physical Activity exercise program in Italy illustrates how geographic dispersion can increase access to such programs. A partnership between local agencies of the Veterans Health ...
Cashin A - - 2008
This paper reports on the relationship between the levels of self-reported physical exercise and mental well-being (as measured using the Beck Hopelessness Scale) in a cohort of 914 prisoners within New South Wales, Australia. A significant inverse relationship between self-reported exercise in minutes per week and hopelessness was identified. The ...
Schmidt Melanie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exercise referral schemes (ERS) have become a popular way of promoting physical activity. The aim of these schemes is to encourage high risk patients to exercise. In evaluating these schemes, little attention has been paid to lower socio-economic groups in a multi-ethnic urban setting. This study aimed to explore ...
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