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Bredahl Thomas V G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In many countries exercise prescriptions are used to facilitate physical activity in a sedentary population with or in risk of developing lifestyle diseases. Some studies show a positive effect of exercise prescription on specific lifestyle diseases. Others only show moderately positive or no effect on physical activity level. Furthermore, ...
Llorens-Martín M - - 2008
Physical exercise has long been recognized as highly beneficial for brain and body health. The molecular mechanisms responsible for translation of exercise stimuli in the brain have claimed attention due to mounting evidence for the neuroprotective actions of the exercise and its positive effects in preventing both ageing and neurodegenerative ...
Widerszal-Bazyl Maria - - 2008
Managers from 192 companies filled out the Employee Direct Participation in Organisational Change questionnaire measuring employees' direct participation (DP) in organisational decisions. Four main forms of DP were identified: individual and group consultations, and individual and group delegation. Workplace safety was measured with the number of accidents, the number of ...
Rimmer James H - - 2008
Increasing participation in physical activity among people with stroke continues to be a major challenge for healthcare professionals. We administered a survey to a group of 83 adults with unilateral stroke (mean age = 54.2 yr) to determine their perceived barriers to exercise. The five most common barriers in rank ...
Gusi Narcis - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is a considerable public health burden due to physical inactivity, because it is a major independent risk factor for several diseases (e.g., type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, moderate mood disorders neurotic diseases such as depression, etc.). This study assesses the cost utility of the adding a supervised walking ...
Johansson Mattias - - 2008
Qigong exercise has been shown to induce acute psychological changes of a positive nature; but whether longer durations have greater effects than shorter ones is not known. Forty-one regular qigong practitioners therefore engaged in either 30 or 60 min of qigong exercise within a randomized cross-over design. Measures of mood, ...
White Lesley J - - 2008
The benefits of regular exercise to promote general health and reduce the risk of hypokinetic diseases associated with sedentary lifestyles are well recognized. Recent studies suggest that exercise may enhance neurobiological processes that promote brain health in aging and disease. A current frontier in the neurodegenerative disorder multiple sclerosis (MS) ...
Brown Susan G - - 2008
Patterns of eating, exercise, sleep, and health were investigated across 180 menstrual cycles of 89 women who engaged in sex with a male (n = 45; cycles = 85), a female (n = 21; cycles = 37), or abstained from sex (n = 33; cycles = 58) from January 2005 ...
Hosper Karen - - 2008
Lack of physical activity is an important risk factor for overweight, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other chronic conditions. In the Netherlands, ethnic minority groups are generally less physically active and rate their own health poorer compared to ethnic Dutch. This applies in particular to women. For this reason women from ...
Holth Helene Sulutvedt - - 2008
Physical inactivity is associated with several diseases, but studies evaluating the association between chronic musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs) and physical exercise have shown conflicting results. The aim of this large-scale prospective population-based study was to investigate the association between self-reported physical exercise at baseline and the prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal complaints ...
Eime Rochelle - - 2009
Sporting clubs play a key role in community-level physical activity. This study investigated participation trends in sport club membership. A survey of 50 State sports governing bodies in Victoria, Australia collected information on factors affecting membership trends. The records for four of these sports were analysed for the 6 years, ...
Cohen Beth - - 2008
Lower socioeconomic status (SES) was associated with reduced treadmill exercise capacity and predicted adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Why patients with low SES had reduced exercise capacity and whether this relation existed in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) was not known. Using data from the Heart and Soul Study, the association ...
Lara Agustin - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Proactive worksite strategies that change the physical or sociocultural environment(s) to incorporate obligatory physical activity may be necessary to engage sedentary people. This study describes implementation and evaluation of an intervention, Pausa para tu Salud (Pause for Your Health), that integrated a brief period of group exercise into the ...
十枝内, 厚次
Thesis (Ph. D. in Health and Sport Sciences)--University of Tsukuba, (A), no. 2470, 2001.1.31
宮崎, 裕美
Thesis (Ph. D. in Health and Sport Sciences)--University of Tsukuba, (A), no. 2696, 2001.3.23
Annemans Lieven - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Several studies and reports support the health benefits of frequent physical exercise, on the condition that this exercise is controlled and maintained. Given the scarce resources that can be spent on health and health care, the objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term health and economic outcomes ...
Everett Michael D - - 2007
PURPOSE: This paper attempts to develop production functions (PF) between aerobic exercise inputs and long-run health outputs. Future studies could use such PF for estimating the benefits and costs (broadly defined) of different exercise programs to help develop optimal (utility maximizing) ones. METHODS: To develop the PF, the paper reviewed ...
Williams Nefyn H - - 2007
Despite the health benefits of physical activity, most adults do not take the recommended amount of exercise. To assess whether exercise-referral schemes are effective in improving exercise participation in sedentary adults. Systematic review. Studies were identified by searching MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, AMED, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, The Cochrane Library and SIGLE until ...
MacLaren Vance V VV University of New Brunswick. - - 2007
Health professionals recognize the benefits of moderate physical activity and encourage clients to engage in some form of activity on a regular basis. In spite of these recognized benefits, there are growing concerns that some may exercise at levels detrimental to health. The term exercise dependence refers to those individuals ...
Ferrari Carlos K B - - 2007
Foods contain many bioactive compounds that can improve humans' health, helping to decrease the risk of cataract, macular degeneration, cardiovascular and neurological diseases, osteoporosis, and cancer. Regular practice of exercise and physical activity could also help to drive away aging-associated diseases (obesity, osteoporosis, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's ...
Treat-Jacobson Diane J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is commonly performed to treat symptoms of heart disease and improve function and quality of life (QL). Health-related behavior including exercise after surgery may promote optimal recovery; however, relationships among exercise behavior, functional status, symptoms, and QL 5 to 6 years after CABG ...
Dajpratham Piyapat - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the knowledge and practice of physical exercise among the inhabitants of Bangkok. The factors correlated with knowledge and the practice of physical exercise, were also explored. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A self-administered questionnaire was designed to survey 1200 inhabitants in Bangkok and the vicinity aged more than 18 ...
Pines A - - 2007
One of the most important components of lifestyle relates to physical activity. Sedentary people fare less well than those who exercise regularly. The benefits of exercise can be demonstrated in many organs of the body. The most frequently studied effect of exercise is reduction in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, but ...
Chow Yvonne W Y - - 2007
In view of the inadequacies of mainstream treatments for anxiety disorders, we suggest that qigong, an ancient oriental mindful exercise, may be a useful adjunctive treatment. We base this on a biopsychosocial model for health. Evidence suggests that the benefits of exercise on personal well-being can be explained using six ...
Rankins Jenice - - 2007
The research developed and pilot-tested MedlinePlus exercises in a diet-related chronic disease prevention (DCDP) middle school lesson unit called "Live." MedlinePlus exercises were jointly developed by two middle school family and consumer sciences (FCS) teachers and integrated into the "Live" DCDP lesson unit. FCS classes (n = 4) who had ...
Spitzer James D - - 2007
Community-based mass prophylaxis is a core public health operational competency, but staffing needs may overwhelm the local trained health workforce. Just-in-time (JIT) training of emergency staff and computer modeling of workforce requirements represent two complementary approaches to address this logistical problem. Multnomah County, Oregon, conducted a high-throughput point of dispensing ...
Del Corral Pedro - - 2007
In the absence of pharmacological agents, physical exercise was widely used by physicians in the late 19th century to treat a number of maladies. In the 1950's, epidemiological evidence suggested an association between physical activity and health, and increased interest in clinical exercise biology. By the 1990's, sufficient research data ...
Berry Michael J - - 2007
Exercise training has been shown to be a clinically effective therapeutic intervention for COPD patients resulting in a myriad of beneficial effects. These include improvements in exercise tolerance, health-related quality of life and activity levels. Activity levels can be assessed using health-related quality of life instruments or instruments designed especially ...
Levenson Cathy W - - 2007
Caloric restriction has wide-ranging health benefits and may offer protection against age-related neuronal loss and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, possibly via enhanced adult neurogenesis. While a variety of interventions such as exercise increase neurogenesis, recent work suggests that exercise and caloric restriction may work to enhance neurogenesis by ...
Cotman Carl W - - 2007
Human and other animal studies demonstrate that exercise targets many aspects of brain function and has broad effects on overall brain health. The benefits of exercise have been best defined for learning and memory, protection from neurodegeneration and alleviation of depression, particularly in elderly populations. Exercise increases synaptic plasticity by ...
Osborn David P J DP Department of Mental Health Sciences, (Hampstead Campus), Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK. - - 2007
Evidence regarding Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) related lifestyle in people with severe mental illnesses (SMI) such as schizophrenia is sparse. We aimed to quantify adverse CHD knowledge, diet and exercise in a representative primary care sample, and to determine whether socio-economic deprivation explained any findings. We compared CHD lifestyle and ...
Dugan Sheila A - - 2007
As noted in research on frailty in women, regular exercise can limit age-related functional decline. However, physical activity has been implicated in the etiology of such musculoskeletal disorders as osteoarthritis. Proper exercise plans must strike a balance between promoting health and limiting the risk of injury. This article discusses age-related ...
Li Chung-Yi - - 2007
We assessed potential non-response bias in obtaining information on residential extremely low-frequency power frequency magnetic field (MF) in Taiwan. All households occupied by children aged less than 7 years in two study districts, one in an urban town and the other in a rural town, were visited and solicited for ...
Resnick Barbara - - 2007
Despite the potential benefits associated with exercise after hip fracture, those who have sustained hip fractures are among the least likely to engage in regular exercise (resistive or aerobic). This article describes the psychosocial state, specifically the self-efficacy expectations and outcome expectations related to exercise, mood, fear of falling, pain, ...
Tomas-Carus Pablo - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of a 12-wk period of aquatic training and subsequent detraining on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and physical fitness in females with fibromyalgia. METHODS: Thirty-four females with fibromyalgia were randomly assigned into two groups: an exercise group, who exercised for 60 min in warm water, ...
Laming Donald - - 2007
Human responses to probabilities can be studied through gambling and through experiments presenting biased sequences of stimuli. In both cases, participants are sensitive to base rates. They adjust automatically to changes in base rate; such adjustment is incompatible with conformity to Bayes' Theorem. "Base-rate neglect" is therefore specific to the ...
Bloodworth Andrew - - 2007
The potential of physical activity to improve our health has been the subject of extensive research [38]. The relationship between physical activity and well-being has prompted substantial interest from exercise psychologists in particular [3], and it seems, is generating increasing interest outside the academic community in healthcare policy and practice ...
Goodwin Imani C - - 2007
PURPOSE: To obtain information to describe African American women's perception of exercise. DESIGN: Focus group sessions were employed to uncover information related to African American women's perceptions of exercise in this qualitative study. Two sessions were conducted with 10 African American women two different fellowship halls in rural Alabama community ...
Barnett Fiona - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Weight gain and the associated increased risk of coronary artery disease are associated with the postmenopausal period. However, moderate intensity physical activity may be cardioprotective in this period. Australian women remain predominately sedentary despite the health benefits of regular exercise. Self-efficacy is an important predictor of exercise behaviour influencing ...
Gomez-Pinilla Fernando - - 2008
It is likely that the capacity of the brain to remain healthy during aging depends upon its ability to adapt and nurture in response to environmental challenges. In these terms, main principles involved in hormesis can be also applied to understand relationships at a higher level of complexity such as ...
Takeda Elisabete - - 2007
We analyzed the occurrence of occupational accidents (OA) among ambulance drivers in Emergency Relief (ER), with a view to disclosing the types of events and their causes. A quantitative-qualitative study was carried out through the interview of 22 workers in a city in São Paulo, Brazil. The subjects were male, ...
Gellish Ronald L - - 2007
PURPOSE: Maximal heart rate (HRmax)-prediction equations based on a person's age are frequently used in prescribing exercise intensity and other clinical applications. Results from various cross-sectional studies have shown a linear decrease in HRmax during exercise with increasing age. However, it is less well established that longitudinal tracking of the ...
Johnson Wendy - - 2007
The physiological benefits of vigorous exercise are well established. The existence of psychological benefits is less clear, however, due to methodological limitations common to investigatory studies. Two of these limitations are the difficulty of establishing appropriate control groups and the large variety of highly specific measures of psychological function available ...
Cotman Carl W - - 2007
Although exercise has long been equated with better physical health, there is now extensive research showing that it has substantial benefits for the brain as well. From an Alzheimer's disease (AD) standpoint, one of the most important effects of exercise is on cognition. Exercise not only improves cognitive function in ...
To William W K - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea in adolescent females would have a negative effect on the standard quality of life (QOL) scores as compared to eumenorrheic adolescents, and whether such scoring would differ between those with exercise related oligo/amenorrhea or those with hypothalamic/ovarian causes. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional observational ...
Semple Sean - - 2007
To compare levels of particulate matter, as a marker of secondhand smoke (SHS) levels, in pubs before and 2 months after the implementation of Scottish legislation to prohibit smoking in substantially enclosed public places. Comparison of SHS levels before and after the legislation in a random selection of 41 pubs ...
Mier Nelda - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine personal and environmental correlates of exercise among Mexican Americans living in the Texas-Mexico border region. METHODS: The study was based on data from a community health assessment conducted in 2 counties at the Texas-Mexico border region. A random-digit-dialed community survey was used in this cross-sectional study (n=933). ...
Song Rhayun - - 2007
PURPOSE: Tai Chi exercise, an ancient Chinese martial art, has drawn more and more attention for its health benefits. The purpose of the study was to identify the effects of a Sun-style Tai Chi exercise on arthritic symptoms (joint pain and stiffness), motivation for performing health behaviors, and the performance ...
Taylor-Piliae Ruth E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To counter pervasive disparities in healthcare and guide public health prevention programs, culturally sensitive recruitment and retention strategies for Chinese immigrants participating in health-related research studies are needed. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop and implement recruitment and retention strategies with Chinese immigrants in a Tai ...
Humphreys, JoAnn
iv, 68 leaves. Advisor: Linda H. Brady
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