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Barbat-Artigas Sébastien S Département de Biologie, Université du Québec À Montréal, Montréal, - - 2014
Several studies conducted in a laboratory-related environment have shown that exercise is associated with increased muscle quality in older adults. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether recreational exercise may also be associated with muscle quality in men and women aged 50 years and over. Data are from ...
McDonald Cameron - - 2014
Loss of lean body mass (LBM) is a common occurrence after treatment for breast cancer and is related to deleterious metabolic health outcomes [Clin Oncol, 22(4):281-288, 2010; Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 34(5):950-956, 2009]. The aim of this research is to determine the effectiveness of long chain omega-3 fatty acids (LCn-3s) ...
Guszkowska Monika M Faculty of Tourism and Recreation, Józef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, - - 2014
This study aims to compare the changes in the negative indices of mental health in pregnant women who participated in programs of either physical exercise classes or in childbirth classes. The study was quasi-experimental in nature and run on 109 healthy primigravidae aged from 22 to 37, including 62 women ...
Collomp K K Laboratoire CIAMS, EA 4532, Université Paris Sud-Université Orléans, France; Département des Analyses, Agence Française de Lutte contre le Dopage, Chatenay-Malabry, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) concentrations during acute and chronic exercise (training) have been investigated only fairly recently. DHEA is generally preferred to DHEA-S for exploring the acute exercise repercussions in laboratory or field tests because of its shorter elimination half-life. Conversely, DHEA-S is preferred to estimate chronic ...
Gho Sheridan A SA a Biomechanics Research Laboratory , University of Wollongong , Wollongong , - - 2014
Participating in exercise is beneficial for women who have been treated for breast cancer. However, not being able to find a comfortable exercise bra can be a barrier to exercise participation. This study aimed to systematically investigate what breast support women treated for breast cancer want when they exercise in ...
McArthur Deanne - - 2014
About half of women decrease their regular exercise during middle age. Concurrently, they experience a reduction in basal metabolic rate and loss of lean muscle as they transition to menopause. The combined effects place these women at increased risk for body weight gain and associated co-morbidities. Further research is required ...
Naraphong Wipasiri W Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Saraburi, - - 2014
The purpose of this pilot study was to preliminarily examine the effects of an exercise program on the symptoms of fatigue, sleep disturbance, mood disturbance, symptom distress, and physical fitness for Thai women with breast cancer. Twenty-three eligible women were randomly assigned to either an experimental group (n = 11) or to ...
Domenjoz Iris I Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of structured physical exercise programs during pregnancy on the course of labor and delivery. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Medline, The Cochrane Library. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) evaluating effects of exercise programs during pregnancy on labor and delivery. Results summarized as relative risks. 16 RCT were included, ...
O'Donnell Emma E Cardiovascular Research Laboratory, Department of Exercise Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Introduction: Exercise-trained hypoestrogenic premenopausal women with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (ExFHA) exhibit impaired endothelial function. The vascular effects of an acute bout of exercise, a potent nitric oxide stimulus, in these women are unknown. Methods: Three groups were studied: recreationally active ExFHA women (n=12; 24.2±1.2 years; mean±SEM), and active (ExOv; n=14; ...
Vaughan Sue S Griffith University, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, G02 Gold Coast Campus, Gold Coast, QLD 4222, - - 2014
to test the effect of a 16-week multimodal exercise program on neurocognitive and physical functioning and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). a single-blinded, parallel-group randomised controlled trial.Settings: university campus and community-based halls. forty-nine women aged 65 to 75 years, with no cognitive impairment and not undertaking more than 1 h of ...
Joseph Michael F MF 1Kinesiology Department 2Physical Therapy Program 3Human Performance Laboratory, The University of - - 2014
Achilles tendinopathy is a common disorder and is more prevalent in men. Although differences in tendon mechanics between men and women have been reported, understanding of tendon mechanics in young active people is limited. Moreover, there is limited understanding of changes in tendon mechanics in response to acute exercise. Our ...
Nakamura Priscila M PM Department of Physical Education, São Paulo State University, Rio Claro, SP, - - 2014
Interventions in primary healthcare settings have been effective in increasing physical fitness. In 2001, the Programa de Exercício Físico em Unidades de Saúde (Physical Exercise in Health Primary Care Program - PEHPCP) was launched in Rio Claro City, Brazil. The intervention consisted of bi-weekly, 60-minute group sessions in all primary ...
Nyberg Michael M University of - - 2014
Menopause is associated with an accelerated decline in vascular function, however, whether this is an effect of age and/or menopause and how exercise training may affect this decline remains unclear. We examined a range of molecular measures related to vascular function in matched pre- and post-menopausal women before and after ...
Sanders Kate K Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, - - 2014
Compared to their physically active peers overweight sedentary postmenopausal women demonstrate impaired vascular endothelial function (VEF), substantially increasing the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Habitual exercise is associated with improved VEF and reduced CVD risk. The purpose of this study was to compare brachial artery flow mediated dilation (FMD), a ...
de Oliveira Mariana Maia Freire MM Physical Therapy Section-Prof. Dr. José Arostodemo Pinotti Women's Hospital-Integral Healthcare Center (CAISM), Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp) , Campinas , Brazil - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare the effect of active exercise and manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) on postoperative wound healing complications, shoulder range of motion (ROM) and upper limb (UL) perimetry in women undergoing radical mastectomy for breast cancer. Methods: Controlled non-randomized clinical trial with 89 women undergoing breast cancer surgery with ...
Yeo Seonae S School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (Dr Yeo); National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland (Dr - - 2014
Low-income women are at risk for excessive gestational weight gain. Inactive lifestyle and lack of regular moderate exercise may contribute to the risk of weight gain. This study was conducted to (1) determine the rate and characteristics of low-income pregnant women who exercised regularly and met the American College of ...
Płaszewski Maciej M Faculty of Physical Education in Biała Podlaska, Institute of Physiotherapy, Warsaw University School of Physical Education, Akademicka 2, 21-500 Biała Podlaska, - - 2014
Objective. To examine general mental health in adult males and females, who in adolescence participated in a scoliosis-specific therapeutic exercise program or were under observation due to diagnosis of scoliosis. Design. Registry-based, cross-sectional study with retrospective data collection. Methods. Sixty-eight subjects (43 women) aged 30.10 (25-39) years, with mild or ...
Osugi Tomohiro T Department of Rehabilitation, Takakuwa Orthopaedic Nagayama Clinic, Asahikawa, Hokkaido, - - 2014
A randomized controlled trial was conducted to clarify the beneficial effect of whole body vibration (WBV) exercise plus squat training on body balance, muscle power, and walking ability in the elderly with knee osteoarthritis and/or spondylosis. Of 35 ambulatory patients (14 men and 21 women) who were recruited at our ...
Miranda Alexandra A Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
Participation of older people in a program of regular exercise is an effective strategy to minimize the physical decline associated with age. The purpose of this study was to assess adherence rates in older women enrolled in two different exercise programs (one aerobic exercise and one strength training) and identify ...
Berchicci Marika M Department of Human Movement, Social and Health Sciences, University of Rome "Foro Italico" , Rome , - - 2014
Motor performance deficits of older adults are due to dysfunction at multiple levels. Age-related differences have been documented on executive functions; motor control becomes more reliant on cognitive control mechanisms, including the engagement of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), possibly compensating for age-related sensorimotor declines. Since at functional level the PFC ...
Gronek Piotr P Department of Physiology, The Eugeniusz Piasecki University School of Physical Education, - - 2013
The search for genes with a positive influence on physical fitness is a difficult process. Physical fitness is a trait determined by multiple genes, and its genetic basis is then modified by numerous environmental factors. The present study examines the effects of the polymorphism of creatine kinase (CKM) gene on ...
Neilson Heather K HK Department of Population Health Research, CancerControl Alberta, Alberta Health Services, Quarry Park, c/o 10101 Southport Rd SW, Calgary, Alberta T2W 3N2 - - 2014
Strong and consistent evidence exists that physical activity reduces breast cancer risk by 10-25 %, and several proposed biologic mechanisms have now been investigated in randomized, controlled, exercise intervention trials. Leading hypothesized mechanisms relating to postmenopausal breast cancer include adiposity, endogenous sex hormones, insulin resistance, and chronic low-grade inflammation. In addition, ...
Matsubara Tomoko - - 2013
The Klotho gene is a suppressor of the aging phenomena, and the secretion as well as the circulation of Klotho proteins decreases with aging. Although habitual exercise has anti-aging effects (e.g., a decrease in arterial stiffness), the relationship between Klotho and habitual exercise remains unclear. In the present study, we ...
Kostka Joanna S JS Medical University of Lodz, - - 2013
We assessed the relative association of quadriceps muscle strength and power as well as optimal shortening velocity ( υopt) to physical functioning in 28 women aged 50-87 years with chronic osteoarthritis participating in a 3-week multi-modal exercise program. Quadriceps muscle strength, power, υopt and functional performance using the Activities of ...
Swift Damon L - - 2013
Abstract Background: Endothelial dysfunction measured via flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is associated with greater risk of future hypertension and cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women. Aerobic exercise training has been shown to improve endothelial function in Caucasian populations, but has not been evaluated specifically in African Americans. This has clinical importance due ...
Khalid T T October 6 University, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Egypt. - - 2013
Postmenopausal hypertension is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in women. Exercise training has been proved to decrease its risk factors and cardiovascular events. Aerobic exercise training stimulates endothelial nitric oxide release that acts as an antithrombotic and is cardiovascular protective. The effect of aerobic exercise training ...
Heli Valkeinen V National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine effects of mixed interval aerobic and strength training (MAST) program on physiological functions in older women with metabolic syndrome. 12 subjects were randomly assigned to the exercise group (16-week MAST program) or the control group. Outcomes included oxygen uptake (VO2max), cerebral blood ...
Ribeiro Subbappa - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a neurodegenerative disease of motor neurons, experience cramps at all stages of the illness. There is, at present, no effective medication to control the cramps and no agreement on how to treat the symptom in ALS patients. Subjects: Three individuals who were ...
Tanahashi Koichiro - - 2013
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, increase with advancing age and menopausal status. ADMA plays a role in endothelial dysfunction and increasing arterial stiffness. Regular aerobic exercise has a positive effect on arterial function (i.e., arterial compliance). This study investigated the effects of aerobic exercise training ...
Sá Maria José - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an incurable disease, and despite current pharmacologic treatment being effective in reducing relapse rates and lesion burden, there is little evidence that these treatments work as effectively in preventing disability progression. In such cases, non-pharmacologic techniques such as exercise therapy with rehabilitation purposes may play an ...
Marcell Taylor J - - 2013
Age-associated loss of muscle mass (sarcopenia) and strength (dynapenia) is associated with a loss of independence that contributes to falls, fractures, and nursing home admissions, while regular physical activity has been suggested to offset these losses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of habitual endurance exercise ...
Gardner Andrew W - - 2013
It is not clear whether subgroups of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and claudication respond more favorably to exercise rehabilitation than others. We determined whether sex and diabetes were factors associated with the response to exercise rehabilitation in patients with claudication. Eighty patients were randomized to home-based and supervised ...
Reed Susan D - - 2013
Determine efficacy of three non-hormonal therapies for improving menopause-related quality of life (QOL) in women with vasomotor symptoms (VMS). 12-week 3x2 randomized, controlled, factorial design trial. Peri- and postmenopausal women, ages 40-62 years, were randomized to yoga (n=107), exercise (n=106), or usual activity (n=142), and also randomized to double-blind comparison ...
Kretzschmar Jan - - 2013
African-American women represent an understudied population in menopause research yet face greater postmenopausal challenges associated with mortality than their white peers. We investigated the effects of a mild-intensity aerobic exercise training program on markers of mortality risk in both premenopausal and postmenopausal African-American women. Sixteen premenopausal women and 19 postmenopausal ...
Ablin Jacob N JN Institute of Rheumatology, Sourasky Medical Center, and Tel Aviv University faculty of Medicine, Israel. - - 2013
Exposure to acute 'stressors' (e.g. infections, pain, trauma) often results in altered sleep habits and reductions in routine activity. In some individuals, these behavioural responses to acute stressors may contribute to the development of chronic somatic symptoms such as widespread pain, fatigue, memory difficulties and mood disturbances, much like those ...
Cadmus-Bertram Lisa Anne - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to (a) examine demographic, psychosocial, and physiological predictors of exercise adherence in a yearlong exercise intervention and (b) describe the trajectory of adherence over time. Participants were 51 men and 49 women aged 40-75 years. The supervised- and home-based intervention consisted of 60 minutes/day, ...
Kahlin Yvonne - - 2013
Physical activity and sport participation often decline during adolescence. To investigate if physical exercise during six months could lead to a positive behaviour of physical activity, improve physical fitness and self-related health in physically inactive female high school students. A prospective cluster-randomized controlled intervention study included 104 physically inactive female ...
Moussouli Maria - - 2013
The study examined the effects of a 4-week intensive isometric and isotonic stabilization exercise program on dimensions of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in women with chronic low back pain (CLBP). A total of 39 women (27-72 years old) provided data in an experimental study with a 9-month follow-up. Random ...
Cadeddu Christian - - 2013
Cardiac syndrome X (CSX) is characterized by typical angina and abnormal exercise test results, with normal coronary arteries. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging has shown subendocardial hypoperfusion in patients with CSX after adenosine. The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of separate myocardial layers to global function under ...
Wong A - - 2013
The augmentation index (AIx, a marker of wave reflection) is reduced and peripheral artery vasodilation increased following acute stretching exercise. We examined the effects of stretching training (ST) on arterial function, blood pressure (BP) and sympathetic vasomotor modulation. Twenty-eight obese postmenopausal women (57±1 years) were randomized to a ST (n=14) ...
Zacharia Susan S University of Oklahoma, Norman, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an 8-week Tai Chi Chih exercise program on physical functional performance (PFP) among women aged 45 to 65 years. A quasi-experimental design with a nonequivalent comparison group was used. Forty-one healthy inactive women were assigned to either an intervention ...
Fitzsimmons-Craft Ellen E - - 2013
This study examined the one-year temporal stability and the predictive and incremental validity of the Body, Eating, and Exercise Comparison Measure (BEECOM) in a sample of 237 college women who completed study measures at two time points about one year apart. One-year temporal stability was high for the BEECOM total ...
Moreau Kerrie L - - 2013
Objective:In contrast to age-matched men, endurance exercise training is not consistently associated with enhanced endothelial function in estrogen-deficient postmenopausal women. We determined whether endurance exercise training improves endothelial function in postmenopausal women treated with estrogen. In a substudy, we determined if oxidative stress is mechanistically linked to endothelial function adaptations ...
Heaney J L J - - 2013
The present study examined the relationship between habitual physical activity, life events stress, the diurnal rhythms of cortisol and DHEA, and the cortisol: dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) ratio in older adults. Thirty six participants aged ≥ 65 reported their habitual physical activity, and indicated if a particular event happened to them in ...
Cook Brian - - 2013
The purpose of our study was to examine exercise dependence (EXD) in a large community-based sample of runners. The secondary purpose of this study was to examine differences in EXD symptoms between primary and secondary EXD. Our sample included 2660 runners recruited from a local road race (M age = ...
Bombardier Eric - - 2013
We examined the influence of estrogen receptor-alpha (ERα) activation on estrogen-mediated regulation of heat shock proteins 70 (Hsp70) and 27 (Hsp27) in soleus. Ovariectomized rats received estrogen (EST), an ERα agonist (propyl pyrazole triol, PPT), both (EST+PPT), or a sham, and they served as either unexercised controls or were subjected ...
Choi Seok-Hwa SH Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] This study examined the clinical usefulness of shoulder stability exercises and the effect of stability exercise on the shoulder pain of middle-aged women. [Subjects] Twenty-two middle-aged female subjects were randomly divided into two groups: a shoulder stability exercise group (Experimental group, n=11) and a control group (n=11). [Methods] Subjects ...
Nascimento S L - - 2013
For women of reproductive age, excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) and/or postpartum weight retention can increase the risk of obesity. This systematic review evaluates the effectiveness of lifestyle modification control trials that utilize exercise interventions, with or without dietary intervention, on weight loss among postpartum women. A search of randomized ...
Marcell Taylor J - - 2013
Age-associated loss of muscle mass (sarcopenia) and strength (dynapenia) is associated with a loss of independence that contributes to falls, fractures, and nursing home admissions, while regular physical activity has been suggested to offset these losses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of habitual endurance exercise ...
Mortensen Jesper - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Little is known of Motion-Controlled Video Games (MCVGs) as an intervention for people with chronic pain. The aim of this study was to explore the experience women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) had, using commercially available MCVGs; and to investigate indicators of symptom severity and performance of activities of ...
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