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Porter Craig C 1Shriners Hospitals for Children - Galveston,2Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA, and 3Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, - - 2014
Severe burn trauma results in persistent skeletal muscle catabolism and prolonged immobilization. We hypothesize that structured rehabilitative exercise is a safe and efficacious strategy to restores lean body mass and physical function in burn victims. Here, we review the evidence for the utility of rehabilitative exercise training in restoring physiological ...
Montero David D 1Avignon University, LAPEC EA4278, Avignon, France; 2Department of Internal Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre and Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht, Maastricht, the Netherlands; 3Applied Biology Department, Institute of Bioengineering, Miguel Hernandez University, Spain; 4School of Exercise Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Australia; 5School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada; 6Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO; 7Department of Child Health, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO; 8Dalton Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, - - 2014
Despite the growing research interest in vascular adaptations to exercise training over the last few decades, it remains unclear whether microvascular function in healthy subjects can be further improved by regular training. Herein we sought to systematically review the literature and determine if microvascular dilator function is greater in athletes ...
Armstrong Hilary F HF Department of Rehabilitation and Regenerative Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York; Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York; - - 2014
Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) has been shown to improve the clearance of carbon dioxide and minute ventilation (V̇E) in select patients with COPD. One variable often assessed in COPD is ventilatory efficiency (V̇E/V̇CO2 ). We compared 55 LVRS subjects with 25 controls from the National Emphysema Treatment Trial. V̇E/V̇CO2 ...
Gkaliagkousi Eugenia E 2nd Propedeutic Department of Internal Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
The importance of regular physical activity in essential hypertension has been extensively investigated over the last decades and has emerged as a major modifiable factor contributing to optimal blood pressure control. Aerobic exercise exerts its beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system by promoting traditional cardiovascular risk factor regulation, as well ...
Whyte Enda F EF School of Health and Human Performance, Dublin City University, Dublin, - - 2014
Determination of return-to-play (RTP) following sports-related concussion (SRC) is critical given the potential consequences of premature RTP. Current RTP guidelines may not identify persistent exercise-induced neurocognitive deficits in asymptomatic athletes following SRC. Therefore, post-exercise neurocognitive testing has been recommended to further inform the RTP determination. In order to implement this ...
Saberniak Jørg J Department of Cardiology, Institute for Surgical Research and Centre for Cardiological Innovation, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, PO Box 4950 Nydalen, N-0424, Oslo, Norway; University of Oslo, - - 2014
Exercise increases risk of ventricular arrhythmia in subjects with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). We aimed to investigate the impact of exercise on myocardial function in ARVC subjects. We included 110 subjects (age 42 ± 17 years), 65 ARVC patients and 45 mutation-positive family members. Athletes were defined as subjects with ≥4 h vigorous ...
Wójcicki Thomas R TR Exercise Science, Lansing School of Nursing and Health Sciences, Bellarmine University, Louisville, - - 2014
Exercise training has been demonstrated to enhance physical function and to have a protective effect against functional limitations and disability in older adults. The objective of this study was to determine whether the effects of a home-based, DVD-delivered exercise intervention on functional performance and limitations were maintained 6-month postintervention termination. ...
McAleer Christopher W CW University of Central - - 2014
The ability to accurately measure skeletal muscle functional performance at the single cell level would be advantageous for exercise physiology studies and disease modelling applications. To that end, this study characterizes the functional response of individual skeletal muscle myotubes derived from adult rodent tissue to creatine treatment and chronic exercise. ...
Weng Timothy B TB 1Department of Psychology and 2Department of Health and Human Physiology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, - - 2014
To increase understanding about the effects of moderate intensity physical activity on cognitive function, the current study examined whether a single bout of aerobic exercise exerts differential effects on distinct aspects of executive function in healthy young adults. A within-subjects study was designed where 26 young adult participants (mean age ...
Hawkes Teresa D - - 2014
Abstract Background: We report the first controlled study of Tai Chi effects on the P300 event-related potential, a neuroelectric index of human executive function. Tai Chi is a form of exercise and moving meditation. Exercise and meditation have been associated with enhanced executive function. This cross-sectional, controlled study utilized the ...
Elliott Adrian D AD School of Medical Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
Prolonged endurance exercise is associated with elevated biomarkers associated with myocardial damage and modest evidence of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Recent studies have reported more profound effects on right ventricular (RV) function following endurance exercise. We performed a meta-analysis of studies reporting RV function pre-endurance and postendurance exercise. We performed ...
Szczechowicz Jakub J Division of Kinesiotherapy, Department of Physiotherapy, University School of Physical Education in Krakow, - - 2014
Background. Finger tendon injuries represent very common consequences of hand injuries and, if not properly treated, can lead to substantial hand function impairment and interfere with activities of daily living. This article presents the results of rehabilitation of a female patient after thumb extensor tendon injury in Verdan's zone III. ...
Holmgren Theresa T Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, Linköping University, SE-581 83, Linköping, - - 2014
Can a specific exercise strategy improve shoulder function and pain in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome, thereby decreasing the need for arthroscopic subacromial decompression? Compared with a control exercise group, patients in the specific exercise group had significantly greater improvements in shoulder function and pain and fewer patients needed surgery ...
Mikolajczyk Edyta E Department of Physiotherapy, Section of Kinesitherapy, University of Physical Education , Krakow , Poland , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The study aimed to assess the effectiveness of an original intervention programme of unstable surface dual-task functional exercises on postural stability in adolescents with intellectual disability (ID). Methods: A total of 34 adolescents with ID, aged 14-16 years, were engaged in our study. A 17-person experimental group (E) ...
Cutton David M DM 1 Texas A & M - - 2014
Summary.-The study presents the results of a case study with a repeated data collection design: a recent and former world champion power lifter provided weekly e-mails, during approximately 6 mo. of training and competition, with a description of his 'self-determined self-talk.' The instruction used for self-talk (ST) mentioned its associations ...
Schreuder Tim H A TH Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Exercise training in healthy volunteers rapidly improves vascular function, preceding structural remodelling. No study examined the time-course of such adaptations in subjects with a priori endothelial dysfunction. We examined brachial artery endothelial and smooth muscle function using flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) administration in 13 type 2 diabetes ...
D'Andrea Antonello A Chair of Cardiology, Second University of Naples, Naples, - - 2014
Long-term intensive exercise training programs lead to numerous progressive cardiac adaptations, which are collectively termed "athlete's heart." Noninvasive diagnostic techniques, such as color Doppler echocardiography, have been widely used in the analysis of the athlete's heart. Initial experiences focused mainly on left heart adaptations to training. However, in recent years, ...
Farkhooy Amir A 1Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology, Uppsala University , Uppsala , - - 2014
Abstract Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the longitudinal relationship between functional exercise capacity, assessed through standardized 12-minute walk test (12 MWT), and various lung function parameters obtained using spirometry, body plethysmography and diffusing capacity (DLco) measurements in patients with COPD. Methods: Spirometry, body plethysmography and DLco-measurements ...
Swan Heikki H Heart and Lung Center, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland - - 2014
-Over the past 15 years, a myriad of mutations in genes encoding cardiac ion channels and ion channel interacting proteins have been linked to a long list of inherited atrial and ventricular arrhythmias. The purpose of this study was to identify the genetic and functional determinants underlying exercise-induced polymorphic ventricular ...
Alemdaroğlu Ipek I Bezmialem Vakıf University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Department, Istanbul, - - 2014
Introduction: We investigated and compared the effects of 2 different types of upper extremity exercise training on upper extremity function, strength, endurance, and ambulation in patients with early-stage Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Methods: The study group (n=12) exercised with an arm ergometer under the supervision of a physiotherapist, while the ...
Winters-Stone Kerri M KM Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR; School of Nursing, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate whether functionally-based resistance exercise could improve strength, physical function and disability among prostate cancer survivors (PCS) on androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). We also explored potential mediators of changes in outcomes from exercise. Randomized controlled trial SETTING: Academic medical center PARTICIPANTS: 51 PCS (mean age: 70.2 years) on ADT ...
Chen C-C Jj CC Department of Health and Human Physiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, - - 2014
This study was aimed at investigating the impact of a single exercise intervention on executive function in young adults with Down syndrome (DS). Considering the relations among executive function, physical and mental health and early onset of Alzheimer's disease in this population, we tested three components of executive function (e.g. ...
Abshire Martha M Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing. Electronic address: - - 2014
The prevalence of advanced heart failure (HF) is increasing due to the aging population and improvements in HF management strategies. Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) technology and management continue to advance rapidly and it is anticipated that the number of LVAD implants will increase. LVADs have been demonstrated to extend ...
Rhee Connie M CM Harold Simmons Center for Chronic Disease Research and Epidemiology, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of California Irvine Medicine Center, 101 The City Drive South, City Tower, Orange, CA, 92868-3217, USA, - - 2014
Muscle wasting is a common complication afflicting maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients, and it is associated with decreased muscle function, exercise performance, physical function, and quality of life. Meanwhile, numerous epidemiologic studies have consistently shown that greater muscle mass (ascertained by body anthropometry surrogates, body composition tests such as dual x-ray ...
Wang Zhuo Z Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Few studies have examined changes in functional connectivity after long-term aerobic exercise. We examined the effects of 4 weeks of forced running wheel exercise on the resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) of motor circuits of rats subjected to bilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of the dorsal striatum. Our results showed substantial similarity between lesion-induced ...
Ruscello B B "Tor Vergata" University of Rome Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, School of Sport and Exercise Science, Rome, Italy - - - 2014
The aim of this study was to verify how listening to instrumental asynchronous music, with tempo of 90 bpm, can affect the aerobic physical performance in elderly women engaged in a continuous and constant exercising, predominantly aerobic, consisting of walking routines. Twenty women (N.=20, age=75.8±4.2 years) volunteered to the study ...
Focht Brian C BC Exercise and Behavioral Medicine Laboratory, Kinesiology and Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH USA Email: - - 2014
Androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) results in adverse physiologic, metabolic, and functional side effects that may accelerate functional limitations in patients with prostate cancer (PC). Although exercise improves muscular strength and functional performance, the extent to which exercise yields similar improvements in other disablement process outcomes in men on ADT has yet ...
Gho Sheridan A SA S.A. Gho, PhD, Biomechanics Research Laboratory, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, New South Wales, 2522 - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the effect of perceived exercise benefits and barriers on exercise levels among women who have been treated for breast cancer, and who were not part of formal exercise interventions. Anonymous, national online cross-sectional survey. 432 women treated for breast cancer completed an online survey covering ...
Cote Anita T AT *Cardiovascular Physiology and Rehabilitation Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; †Experimental Medicine Program, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; ‡Applied Human Sciences, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Canada; §Environmental Physiology Laboratory, School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; and ¶Division of Sports Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
To evaluate sex differences in left ventricular (LV) function after an ultramarathon, and the association of vascular and training indices with the magnitude of exercise-induced cardiac fatigue. Descriptive field study. Fat Dog 100 Ultramarathon Trail Race, Canada. Thirty-four (13 women) recreational runners (aged 28-56 years). A 100-km or 160-km mountain ...
Martinez-Gomez David D 1Department of Physical Education, Sport and Human Movement, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain; 2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/IdiPaz, Madrid, Spain and CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain; 3Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
High cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is strongly associated with longer life among older adults. CRF can be assessed by exercise-based methods, which are not feasible in most clinical settings. Thus, non-exercise algorithms to estimate CRF have been developed, but whether they predict mortality in older adults is uncertain. A cohort of ...
Diel Patrick P German Sport University Cologne, Department of Molecular and Cellular Sports Medicine, Cologne, - - 2014
In the manuscript "Oestrogen-dependent satellite cell activation and proliferation following a running exercise occurs via the PI3K signalling pathway and not IGF-1." by Mangan et al. sheds new light on the molecular mechanisms involved in the effects of exercise training and estradiol treatment on the activation of satellite cells. The ...
Trost Landon W LW Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA, - - 2014
Testosterone (T) deficiency syndrome (TDS) is a prevalent condition, commonly managed with exogenous T. Despite an abundance of T formulations, alternative treatments are often sought for various reasons. To evaluate outcomes of alternative therapies, a PubMed search was performed of all publications that included men with TDS from 1990 through ...
Aragão F R - - 2014
ABSTRACT Objective: Menopausal characteristics (i.e., the nature of menopause, hormone therapy, and time elapsed since menopause) are known to affect women's health-related quality of life. The purpose of this study was to determine whether menopausal characteristics affect the cardiorespiratory exercise response and which characteristics should be considered for exercise prescription. ...
Hanuszkiewicz Justyna J Faculty of Physiotherapy, Wroclaw University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, - - 2014
Breast cancer treatment may be a cause of postural disorders. Assessment of the effects of various forms of physical activity on body posture in the sagittal plane in women post breast cancer treatment. Sixty women who had received breast cancer treatment. The study group was intentionally divided into three groups ...
Anderson Debra D Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, QLD 4059, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Participation in regular physical activity is among the most promising and cost effective strategies to reduce physical and cognitive decline and premature death. However, confusion remains about the amount, frequency, and duration of physical activity that is likely to provide maximum benefit as well as the way in which interventions ...
Harris Shericka T ST Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 800 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC, 29208, - - 2014
We examined the association between exercise during pregnancy and meeting gestational weight gain recommendations. Data came from the 2009 South Carolina Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (n = 856). Women reported their participation in exercise/sports activities before and during pregnancy, including the number of months and types of exercise. We developed an ...
Husebø Anne Marie Lunde AM University of Stavanger, Stavanger, - - 2014
To explore factors influencing exercise adherence among women with breast cancer while following an exercise programme. Earlier research shows that women with breast cancer decrease physical activity following the cancer diagnosis and that adhering to exercise interventions can be a challenge. Research is needed to identify motivational factors and barriers ...
Cortés Virginia Godoy VG Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, - - 2014
The effectiveness of exercise therapy in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee (KOA) is widely evidenced. The current study aims to compare the effectiveness of massage therapy as a co-adjuvant treatment for KOA. A blind, randomized controlled trial design was used. Eighteen women were randomly allocated to two different ...
Mangan Gary G Departments of Kinesiology & Physical Education and Health Sciences, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine whether 17β-Estradiol (E2) enhances the activation, proliferation and differentiation of muscle satellite cells (SC) following eccentric exercise either via Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) or through phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling. This study used 64, nine-week old, ovariectomized Sprague-Dawley rats that were divided into ...
Choi Jae Won JW 1Department of Sports, Chung Ang University, An Sung, Republic of Korea 2Department of Psychiatry, Chung Ang University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea 3Brain Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
As adjuvant therapy for enhancing the effects of stimulants and thereby minimizing medication doses, we hypothesized that aerobic exercise might be an effective adjunctive therapy for enhancing the effects of methylphenidate on the clinical symptoms, cognitive function and brain activity of adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Thirty-five adolescents ...
Siebert Cassiana C Laboratório de Neuroproteção e Doenças Neurometabólicas, Departamento de Bioquímica, ICBS, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Ramiro Barcelos, 2600-Anexo, 90035-003, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
The reduction in the secretion of ovarian hormones, principally estrogen, is a consequence of menopause. Estrogens act primarily as female sex hormones, but also exert effects on different physiological systems including the central nervous system. The treatment normally used to reduce the symptoms of menopause is the hormone therapy, which ...
Willcocks Rebecca Jane RJ Children's Health and Exercise Research Center, University of Exeter, Exeter, - - 2014
The phosphocreatine (PCr) recovery time constant (τ) following exercise provides a measure of mitochondrial oxidative capacity. The purpose of this investigation was to use 2 different protocols to determine τ in adolescent females. 31P-MR spectra were collected during 2 exercise tests in 6 adolescent girls (13.8 ± 0.3 y) and ...
Seo Dong-Hyun DH Department of Health and Exercise Science, Namseoul University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The present study analyzed the effect of the Togu exercise program on the lumbar back strength of middle-aged women who did not perform regular exercise, and presents an effective exercise method for middle-aged women with chronic low back pain symptom. [Subjects] The subjects were 16 women with chronic low ...
Kim Won-Jin WJ Department of Rehabilitation, College of Humanities and Social Science, Kosin University, Republic of - - 2014
This study was conducted to identify the effects of a fall-prevention exercise program on the participation and static balance of elderly persons in daily life roles. [Subjects] Ten participants over 65 years of age (75.29±2.93) who were healthy community-dwellers (two men and eight women) were recruited. [Methods] The participants exercised three ...
Zorgati Houssem H Laboratoire CIAMS, EA 4532, Université Paris Sud - Université - - 2014
All systemically administered glucocorticoids (GC) are prohibited in-competition, because of the potential ergogenic effects. Although short-term GC intake has been shown to improve performance during submaximal exercise, literature on its impact during brief intense exercise appears to be very scant. The purpose of this study was to examine the ergogenic ...
McDonald Cameron - - 2014
Loss of lean body mass (LBM) is a common occurrence after treatment for breast cancer and is related to deleterious metabolic health outcomes [Clin Oncol, 22(4):281-288, 2010; Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 34(5):950-956, 2009]. The aim of this research is to determine the effectiveness of long chain omega-3 fatty acids (LCn-3s) ...
Barbat-Artigas Sébastien S Département de Biologie, Université du Québec À Montréal, Montréal, - - 2014
Several studies conducted in a laboratory-related environment have shown that exercise is associated with increased muscle quality in older adults. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether recreational exercise may also be associated with muscle quality in men and women aged 50 years and over. Data are from ...
Guszkowska Monika M Faculty of Tourism and Recreation, Józef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, - - 2014
This study aims to compare the changes in the negative indices of mental health in pregnant women who participated in programs of either physical exercise classes or in childbirth classes. The study was quasi-experimental in nature and run on 109 healthy primigravidae aged from 22 to 37, including 62 women ...
García-Mesa Yoelvis Y Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques de Barcelona (IIBB), CSIC, IDIBAPS, Barcelona, - - 2014
Postmenopausal women may be more vulnerable to cognitive loss and Alzheimer's disease (AD) than premenopausal women because of their deficiency in estrogens, in addition to their usually older age. Aerobic physical exercise has been proposed as a therapeutic approach for maintaining health and well-being in postmenopausal women, and for improving ...
Collomp K K Laboratoire CIAMS, EA 4532, Université Paris Sud-Université Orléans, France; Département des Analyses, Agence Française de Lutte contre le Dopage, Chatenay-Malabry, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) concentrations during acute and chronic exercise (training) have been investigated only fairly recently. DHEA is generally preferred to DHEA-S for exploring the acute exercise repercussions in laboratory or field tests because of its shorter elimination half-life. Conversely, DHEA-S is preferred to estimate chronic ...
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