Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1390
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Minami Naoyoshi - - 2007
In men, exercise training attenuates age-related reduction in baroreflex sensitivity, which is related to cardiovascular health. It is unknown, however, if this holds true for post-menopausal women. We examined the effects of exercise training on baroreceptor-heart rate (HR) reflex sensitivity in ovariectomized (OVX) and sham-operated (SO) Wistar-Kyoto rats. At the ...
Burry Martin - - 2007
The purpose of this investigation was to determine if p70(s6k) phosphorylation is dependent on the mode of resistance exercise (e.g. isometric vs. lengthening). Two groups (n = 5 each) of Female Sprague Dawley rats, approximately 12 weeks old, were tested. Rats were anesthetized and indwelling electrodes used to stimulate the ...
Ebal Edmond - - 2007
Strategies used to counteract overweight include generally endurance exercise. Force-resistance exercise has not been tested yet with this objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the response of the main regulatory hormones of food intake (insulin, adiponectin, leptin, ghrelin) and corticosterone, to a short force resistance exercise. Two ...
Spier Scott A - - 2007
Flow-induced vasodilation is attenuated with old age in rat skeletal muscle arterioles. The purpose of this study was to determine whether diminished cyclooxygenase (COX) signaling contributes to the age-induced attenuation of flow-induced vasodilation in gastrocnemius muscle arterioles and to determine whether, and through which mechanism(s), exercise training restores this deficit ...
Starnes Joseph W - - 2007
Exercise provides cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury, a process involving mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and calcium overload. This study tested the hypotheses that isolated mitochondria from hearts of endurance-trained rats have decreased ROS production and improved tolerance against Ca(2+)-induced dysfunction. Male Fischer 344 rats were either sedentary (Sed, n ...
Eisenstein Sarah A - - 2007
Previous research has shown that brief and intermittent activity wheel running attenuates conditioned place preference (CPP) to morphine in rats, which suggests that exercise may produce a cross-tolerance to opiates. On the other hand, a different exercise paradigm, chronic and voluntary wheel running, enhances learning in contextual conditioning tasks. The ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2007
Effects of exercise in animals with epilepsy have been demonstrated. To investigate whether the type of physical activity, voluntary or forced, would promote different morphological changes in hippocampal formation we performed an immunocytochemical study using the parvalbumin (PV) distribution as a marker. Control rats and rats with epilepsy were submitted ...
Batista M L ML - - 2007
Congestive heart failure (CHF) induces a state of immune activation, and peritoneal macrophages (M phi s) may play an important role in the development and progression of one such condition. Moderate endurance training modulates peritoneal M phi function. We evaluated the effect of endurance training on different stages of the ...
Soares Danusa Dias - - 2007
To assess the effects of increased hypothalamic tryptophan (TRP) availability on 5-HT content in preoptic area on thermoregulation and work production during exercise on treadmill, 20.3 microM of L-TRP (n=7) or 0.15M NaCl (n=6) was injected into the lateral cerebral ventricle of male Wistar rats immediately before the animals started ...
Ahlgren Joslyn - - 2007
The central mechanisms underlying the transition from compensation to decompensation during severe hemorrhage (HEM) are poorly understood. Furthermore, a lack of consistency in HEM protocols exists in the current literature. This study assessed the cardiovascular response and Fos-like immunoreactivity (FLI) in specific brain regions following severe HEM at three rates ...
Marini Marina - - 2007
To improve current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying exercise-induced cardioprotection in a rat model of mild exercise training, Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to run on a treadmill up to 55% of their maximal oxygen uptake for 1 h/day, 3 days/week, 14 weeks, with age-matched sedentary controls (n = 20/group). ...
Schweitzer, Natalie Beth
Animal research has contributed to knowledge about health and disease prevention. The interaction of environment and genetics plays a key role in health and disease. Studies of animals with the same genome have demonstrated that an environment that provides access to exercise is beneficial in maintaining and improving health and ...
Droste Susanne K - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Evidence is accumulating that the regular performance of exercise is beneficial for stress coping. However, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis of voluntarily exercising rats has never been comprehensively investigated. METHODS: Therefore, male Sprague-Dawley rats were given access to a running wheel in their home cage for 4 weeks in which ...
Harthmann Angela D - - 2007
We investigated the effect of exercise training on blood pressure, heart rate, and arterial baro- and chemoreflex sensitivity in diabetic rats (streptozotocin, 50 mg/kg iv). Male Wistar rats (251+/-10 g) were divided into 4 groups (n=8, each group): sedentary normotensive (SC), sedentary diabetic (SD), trained normotensive (TC), and trained diabetic ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2007
The positive effect of physical exercise programs on seizure frequency and severity has been demonstrated both in adult human and animals. However, this investigation during animal brain development has not been examined. To this purpose, the present work was aimed to analyse the effect of physical exercise training in rats ...
Lambertucci Rafael H - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise training on activities and mRNA levels of catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), Cu,Zn- and Mn-superoxide dismutases (SOD), TBARS content, and xanthine oxidase (XO) activity, in soleus muscle from young and aged rats. The antioxidant enzyme activities and ...
O'Dell S J - - 2007
Forced use of the forelimb contralateral to a unilateral injection of the dopaminergic neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine can promote recovery of motor function in that limb and can significantly decrease damage to dopamine terminals. The present study was conducted to determine (1) whether a form of voluntary exercise, wheel running, would improve ...
Bertagnolli Mariane - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) impairment has been associated with endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress. METHODS: Because exercise training could improve endothelial function in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), the effect of moderate exercise training on oxidative stress and BRS was investigated. Groups were divided into sedentary and trained Wistar-Kyoto rats (S-WK, ...
Frieling Helge - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Treatment of peritonitis may include peritoneal lavage/instillation with anti-infective agents like taurolidine or chlorhexidine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the effects of peritoneal instillation (INST, 5-ml solution) with taurolidine (TAURO) or polihexanide (POLI-LS) on intestinal microcirculation using intravital microscopy (IVM) in experimental endotoxemia (15 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide i.v.; ...
O'Callaghan Rachel M - - 2007
Physical activity may have the potential to improve cognitive function. Here we show that forced treadmill-running results in selective improvements in hippocampal plasticity. Rats that underwent exercise training demonstrated enhanced expression of long-term potentiation in dentate gyrus and enhanced object recognition learning. Spatial learning in the Morris watermaze was unaffected ...
Walters J R - - 2007
The goal of the present study was to determine the phase relationships of the slow oscillatory activity that emerges in basal ganglia nuclei in anesthetized rats after dopamine cell lesion in order to gain insight into the passage of this oscillatory activity through the basal ganglia network. Spike train recordings ...
Podhorska-Okolow Marzena - - 2007
Regular exercise is known to improve physiological and functional capacity of many organs due to adaptive processes. We have previously shown that acute exercise in untrained rats results in apoptosis of renal tubular cells and that the apoptotic process seems to be associated with stimulation of angiotensin II, AT1 and ...
Mounier Rémi - - 2007
Clenbuterol, a beta2-adrenergic-receptor agonist, is known to provoke muscle hypertrophy and a slow-to-fast phenotype change. A more glycolytic phenotype should be paralleled by changes in muscle glycolytic metabolism. Two groups (n=16 for each) of 3-month-old male Wistar rats (UCL: untrained clenbuterol, and ECL: exercised clenbuterol) received a chronic administration of ...
Lacerda Ana Cristina R - - 2006
The influence of the central nervous system on metabolic function is of interest in situations deviating from basal states, such as during exercise. Our previous study in rats demonstrated that central nitric oxide (NO) blockade increases metabolic rate, reducing mechanical efficiency during exercise. To assess the role of brain nitric ...
Menezes Luciana Gomes - - 2007
The objective of the present study was to investigate whether creatine (Cr) could attenuate the deleterious effects of high doses of dexamethasone (Dexa) on body mass, exercise performance, and respiratory variables of rodents. Forty-four Wistar rats performed incremental maximal exercise tests. They were then assigned to four groups: G1: subcutaneous ...
Zeng Q - - 2007
Adiponectin reportedly reduces insulin-resistance. Exercise has also been shown to lessen insulin-resistance, though it is not known whether exercise increases levels of adiponectin and/or its receptors or whether its effects are dependent on exercise intensity and/or frequency. Catecholamine levels have been shown to increase during exercise and to fluctuate based ...
Yagita Yoshiki - - 2006
Running exercise enhances neurogenesis in the normal adult and aged hippocampus. However, the effect of exercise on neurogenesis in the ischemic hippocampus is unclear. Here, we show that running exercise has different effects on ischemic and non-ischemic brain. Young (3-4-month-old) normotensive Wistar rats were used for this study. We administered ...
Holmes Philip V - - 2006
Exercise exerts antidepressant effects in humans and rodent models of affective disorders. These effects may be mediated by the upregulation of endogenous factors that exert antidepressant actions. The physiological functions and behavioral actions of the neuropeptide galanin (GAL) suggest antidepressant activity. Previous studies have shown that various modes of exercise ...
Scopel Denise - - 2006
We evaluated the effects of two levels of daily forced exercise intensity (moderate and high) in the treadmill over cell susceptibility to oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) in hippocampal slices from Wistar rats. Moderate exercise decreased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release after OGD, while a significant increase in LDH release was ...
Inuwa, Ibrahim M; ;
This study was designed to test the possible effects of a combination of physical and pharmacological therapy intervention on myocardial structure of the left ventricle in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Forty 12 weeks old spontaneously hypertensive rats were divided into four groups of sedentary, Sed as controls, exercise only, (Exer), ...
Flores Marcelo B S - - 2006
Prolonged exercise of medium to high intensity is known to promote a substantial effect on the energy balance of rats. In male rats, moderately to severely intense programs lead to a reduction in food intake. However, the exact causes for the appetite-suppressive effects of exercise are not known. Here, we ...
Muniz Renno Ana Claudia - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT), 830 nm, on femora of exercised osteopenic rats. Sixty female rats were used, which were divided into six groups: sham-operated control, osteopenic control, sham-operated trained, osteopenic trained, sham-operated trained and irradiated, and osteopenic trained and ...
Pinho Ricardo A - - 2006
The association between physical exercise and oxidative damage in the skeletal musculature has been the focus of many studies in literature, but the balance between superoxide dismutase and catalase activities and its relation to oxidative damage is not well established. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate ...
Hahn S A - - 2007
There are currently no models of exercise that recruit and train muscles, such as the rat spinotrapezius, that are suitable for transmission intravital microscopic investigation of the microcirculation. Recent experimental evidence supports the concept that running downhill on a motorized treadmill recruits the spinotrapezius muscle of the rat. Based on ...
Smith Mark A - - 2006
Aerobic exercise stimulates the release of endogenous opioid peptides and increases nociceptive (i.e., pain) threshold in a naloxone-reversible manner. During chronic exercise, sensitivity to the antinociceptive effects of morphine and other mu opioids decreases, leading some investigators to propose that exercise may lead to the development of cross-tolerance to exogenously ...
Efthimiadou Anna - - 2006
Although angiogenetic therapy using recombinant growth factors holds much hope for the treatment of ischaemic diseases, there are still many unanswered questions, including the method of administration, the correct dose of these factors, and the duration of the therapeutic approach. Exercise has also been suggested to induce neovascularizaiton in muscles. ...
Alonso María - - 2006
This study investigated whether the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) produced by acute exercise in rat skeletal muscle could be prevented by melatonin and whether iNOS down-regulation was related to inhibition of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation. Male Wistar rats received melatonin i.p. at a dose of 1.0 ...
Rinaldi Barbara - - 2006
The aim of this study was to test the effects of age and chronic exercise training on antioxidant and heat shock protein (Hsp) expression by comparing the hearts of young (Y), sedentary old (SO) and trained old (TO) rats. In SO rats, there were: (a) changes in myocardial structure and ...
Lunz W - - 2006
The present study investigated the effects of exercise and anabolic-androgenic steroids on cardiac HSP72 expression. Male Wistar rats were divided into experimental groups: nandrolone exercise (NE, N = 6), control exercise (CE, N = 6), nandrolone sedentary (NS, N = 6), and control sedentary (CS, N = 6). Animals in ...
Morozov Vladimir I - - 2006
The primary purpose of this study was to examine the effects of high-intensity acute exercise on neutrophil infiltration in different muscle fiber types of untrained rats and to compare postexercise neutrophil accumulation in muscles of untrained and trained animals. The effect of high-intensity acute exercise on blood neutrophil degranulation reaction ...
Nelson Amanda J - - 2006
It has been shown previously that dendritic branching in cardiorespiratory and locomotor brain areas can be attenuated with exercise training (ET). It was not known whether this process was reversible. Twenty-three (n = 23) male Sprague-Dawley rats were individually caged and divided into two groups: untrained (UN; n = 11) ...
Aoi Wataru - - 2007
Milk fermented with a starter containing Lactobacillus helveticus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae is drunk on a daily basis by many people in Japan and has several beneficial effects. We studied the influence of this fermented milk product on muscle damage after prolonged exercise in rats. Wistar rats were divided into four ...
Masaki Takahisa - - 2006
The present experiment compared the strengths of taste aversion learning in rats induced by forced swimming in a water pool (5, 15, 30, or 60 min), voluntary running in an activity wheel (15, 30, 60, or 120 min), forced running in a motorized wheel (60 min at the speed of ...
Kasimay Ozgür - - 2006
Epidemiological studies have shown that exercise protects the gastrointestinal tract, reducing the risk of diverticulosis, gastrointestinal haemorrhage and inflammatory bowel disease, while many digestive complaints occurring during exercise are attributed to the adverse effects of exercise on the colon. In order to assess the effects of regular exercise on the ...
Iemitsu Motoyuki - - 2006
Endothelin (ET)-1 is produced by endothelial cells and cardiac myocytes. ET-1 has positive inotropic and chronotropic effects on the heart and causes myocardial cell hypertrophy. Exercise training induces a physiologic cardiac hypertrophy. To study whether myocardial ET-1 is involved in the formation of exercise training-induced cardiac hypertrophy, we investigated time-course ...
Yasuda K - - 2006
AIM: Effect of running exercise on fibre-type distributions of the slow soleus and fast plantaris muscles was investigated in male Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty rats (OLETF) as an animal model of spontaneous type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Five-week-old OLETF rats were allowed to exercise voluntarily in running wheels for 32 ...
Morihara Naoaki - - 2006
Aged garlic extract (AGE) has recently received attention as a potent anti-fatigue agent. The principal aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism responsible for the ameliorating effect of AGE on physical fatigue in rats caused by repeated endurance exercise on a mechanical treadmill apparatus. Rats were subjected to ...
Boluyt Marvin O - - 2006
Chronic exercise training elicits adaptations in the heart that improve pump function and confer cardioprotection. To identify molecular mechanisms by which exercise training stimulates this favorable phenotype, a proteomic approach was employed to detect rat cardiac proteins that were differentially expressed or modified after exercise training. Exercise-trained rats underwent six ...
Iemitsu Motoyuki - - 2006
Exercise training improves aging-induced deterioration of angiogenesis in the heart. However, the mechanisms underlying exercise-induced improvement of capillary density in the aged heart are unclear. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is implicated in angiogenesis, which activated angiogenic signaling cascade through Akt and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-related pathway. We hypothesized ...
Lee Young I - - 2006
This study determined whether exercise training prevents pathological hypertrophy in the left ventricle by modulation of myocardial and apoptosis-associated genes. We used spontaneously hypertensive rats (n=15, non-exercise SHR), exercise-trained SHR (n=15, treadmill exercise for 12 weeks), and sedentary Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats (n=15). Exercise-trained SHR expressed adaptive changes such as reduced ...
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