Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1365
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Salber Dagmar - - 2007
The amino acid O-(2-(18)F-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine ((18)F-FET) has been shown to be a useful tracer for brain tumor imaging. Experimental studies demonstrated no uptake of (18)F-FET in inflammatory cells but increased uptake has been reported in single cases of human brain abscesses. To explore this inconsistency, we investigated the uptake of (18)F-FET ...
Chesser, David Gerald 1981-
Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) results in the upregulation of several intracellular systems which help to prepare a cell for a high energy challenge. The magnitude of the AMPK response to a 10 min bout of exercise has been found to decrease in red quadriceps (RQ) following training, while ...
Park J-H - - 2008
AIM: Loss of oestrogen synthesis capacity after menopause contributes to increases in arterial stiffness and calcification. Exercise training improves arterial stiffness and calcification. However, the mechanism of exercise training-induced improvement of arterial stiffness and calcification remains unclear. METHOD: We examined the mechanism by using aortas of sham-operated rats (sham control; ...
Tsakiris T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Forced exercise produces free radicals and L-carnitine (L-C) administration reduces oxidative stress. AIM: To investigate whether short (2 hours) or prolonged (3 hours) forced swimming could modulate total antioxidant status (TAS), protein concentration and activities of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), Na(+)K(+)-ATPase and Mg(2+)-ATPase in rat brain following intraperitonal administration of L-C ...
Morris R Tyler - - 2007
Angiotensin-II (Ang-II) contributes to cardiac remodeling and left ventricular dysfunction. In contrast, exercise may have beneficial effects on left ventricular structure and function. We investigated the effects of low-intensity exercise training (ET) on in vivo cardiac function in hypertensive TG (mREN-2)27 rats (Ren-2) which develop left ventricular hypertrophy and dysfunction. ...
Baranowski M - - 2008
AIM: We aimed at gaining more insight into the mechanisms underlying exercise-induced alterations in myocardial ceramide (CER) content by employing physical activity of various durations and examining all key pathways of CER metabolism. METHODS: The experiments were carried out on male Wistar rats divided into four groups (n = 6 ...
Zeng Qin - - 2007
AIM: Adiponectin reportedly reduces insulin resistance. Exercise has also been shown to lessen insulin resistance, although it is not well known whether exercise increases levels of adiponectin and/or its receptors nor whether it effects are dependent on exercise intensity and/or period. We previously reported that blood adiponectin levels increased by ...
Chen Hsiun-Ing - - 2008
While serotonin (5-HT) may impair learning and memory, exercise has been reported to improve them. Whether chronic exercise can facilitate fear memory via regulating the serotonin system is unknown. We examined the effects of 4-week treadmill exercise training on levels of 5-HT and its metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), the protein ...
Gomez-Merino D - - 2007
White adipose tissue (WAT) is a major source of production of cytokines involved in chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and atherosclerosis. Long-term exercise has been proposed as a therapy to reduce chronic inflammation. We investigated here the influence of an intense exercise training (over 7 weeks) on ...
Sakurai Takuya - - 2007
We investigated the effect of exercise before or after refeeding on cell size and on the expression of several messenger RNAs (mRNAs) involved in lipolysis and lipogenesis in fasted rat epididymal adipocytes. Fasting for 65 hours reduced the diameter of adipocytes to 72.0 microm from 78.4 microm in fed control ...
Park Sunmin - - 2007
In this study, we investigated the effects of a high-fat diet and exercise on pancreatic beta-cell function and mass and its molecular mechanism in 90% pancreatectomized male rats. The pancreatectomized diabetic rats were given control diets (20% energy) or a high-fat (HF) diet (45% energy) for 12 wk. Half of ...
Rouyer Olivier - - 2007
Since exercise capacity is related to the mitochondrial respiration rate in skeletal muscle and both parameters are potentially modulated by the onset of diabetes and by inhibition of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), we investigated whether skeletal muscle oxidative functions and exercise capacities are impaired in chronic streptozotocin-induced diabetic (STZ) rats ...
de Lemos Edite Teixeira - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic low-grade systemic inflammation is a feature of such chronic diseases as cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes (T2D). There is evidence that regular exercise is effective as a treatment in these situations. This study intended to assess the levels of two inflammatory mediators, C-reactive protein (CRP) and adiponectin, ...
Souza Silvia B C - - 2007
Diabetes and menopause markedly increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in women. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of exercise training on cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction and on total mortality in diabetic female rats undergoing ovarian hormone deprivation. Female Wistar rats were divided into ovariectomized groups: ...
Asghar Mohammad - - 2007
Recently, we reported that oxidative stress decreases D1 receptor numbers and G protein activation in renal proximal tubules (RPT), resulting in diminished natriuretic response to dopamine in old rats. We tested the hypothesis that exercise in old rats will decrease oxidative stress and restore natriuretic response to D1 receptor agonist, ...
Silva de Lacerda Aline Fabiana - - 2007
Several studies have demonstrated the anticonvulsant effect of melatonin. In view of the positive effects of physical exercise in epilepsy, this study analyzed the influence of physical exercise program on the amygdala kindling development in pinealectomized rats. Animals were divided into six groups: pinealectomized rats (PX), sham rats (SHAM), control ...
Hannan Johanna L - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Using aging spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), we established that antihypertensive drugs can improve erections and penile vascular structure, and lower arterial pressure. Using kidney cross-transplantations, our findings revealed that the benefit of this treatment resulted from drug-induced changes specific to the penile circulation, and not to the kidney-mediated lowering ...
Griesbach Grace S - - 2007
We recently found that an exercise-induced increase in hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is dependent when exercise is initiated after traumatic brain injury (TBI). When voluntary exercise was delayed by 2 weeks after a mild fluid-percussion injury (FPI) in rats, an increase in BDNF and an improvement in behavioral outcome ...
Yoon Myoung-Chul - - 2007
In Parkinson's disease, the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the pars compacta of the substantia nigra leads to debilitating motor dysfunction. In the present study, we investigated the effects of treadmill exercise on the dopaminergic neuronal cell death in the substantia nigra and on the dopaminergic fiber loss in ...
Kimura F - - 2008
We aimed to develop a valid model of immunosuppression induced by intense exercise in rats. Rats were divided into three groups. In the rest (Rest) group, saliva was collected from resting rats on 4 consecutive days. In the exercise (Ex) group, rats ran on a treadmill until exhaustion (exercise time: ...
Király Michael A - - 2007
To date, a limited number of studies have investigated the effects of exercise on the maintenance of endocrine pancreatic adaptations to worsening insulin resistance. In particular, the roles of stress hormones that are associated with commonly used forced-exercise paradigms are not fully explained. To examine the effects of exercise per ...
Hsu Chin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) regulates the rate and force of cardiac muscle contraction. This study examined the alteration in the intracellular redistribution of DHPR and its association with the development of the two distinct cardiodynamic states in the rat heart during the progression of sepsis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sepsis was ...
Chiang L-M - - 2007
A periodized endurance training is able to adapt physical and psychological needs and increase exercise performance. Dendritic cells (DCs) play a key role in regulation of the immune response. In the present study, we trained Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats for five weeks using a progressive endurance protocol with the aim of ...
Michelini Lisete Compagno - - 2007
1. The role of vasopressinergic and oxytocinergic (VPergic and OTergic, respectively) projections to the brain stem in the modulation of heart rate control is discussed on the basis of both changes in the peptide content of the dorsal brain stem (DBS) and functional effects following reflex- and exercise-induced activation in ...
Kershaw Jeff - - 2007
A series of experiments were performed to investigate why two peaks (D and E) of the five dissolved phase peaks in hyperpolarized (129)Xe rat head spectra appeared inconsistently in previous work. Specifically, spectra were acquired under conditions of various shim states, anaesthetics, and arterial ligation. The shimming experiments showed that ...
Minami Naoyoshi - - 2007
In men, exercise training attenuates age-related reduction in baroreflex sensitivity, which is related to cardiovascular health. It is unknown, however, if this holds true for post-menopausal women. We examined the effects of exercise training on baroreceptor-heart rate (HR) reflex sensitivity in ovariectomized (OVX) and sham-operated (SO) Wistar-Kyoto rats. At the ...
Burry Martin - - 2007
The purpose of this investigation was to determine if p70(s6k) phosphorylation is dependent on the mode of resistance exercise (e.g. isometric vs. lengthening). Two groups (n = 5 each) of Female Sprague Dawley rats, approximately 12 weeks old, were tested. Rats were anesthetized and indwelling electrodes used to stimulate the ...
Ebal Edmond - - 2007
Strategies used to counteract overweight include generally endurance exercise. Force-resistance exercise has not been tested yet with this objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the response of the main regulatory hormones of food intake (insulin, adiponectin, leptin, ghrelin) and corticosterone, to a short force resistance exercise. Two ...
Spier Scott A - - 2007
Flow-induced vasodilation is attenuated with old age in rat skeletal muscle arterioles. The purpose of this study was to determine whether diminished cyclooxygenase (COX) signaling contributes to the age-induced attenuation of flow-induced vasodilation in gastrocnemius muscle arterioles and to determine whether, and through which mechanism(s), exercise training restores this deficit ...
Starnes Joseph W - - 2007
Exercise provides cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury, a process involving mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and calcium overload. This study tested the hypotheses that isolated mitochondria from hearts of endurance-trained rats have decreased ROS production and improved tolerance against Ca(2+)-induced dysfunction. Male Fischer 344 rats were either sedentary (Sed, n ...
Eisenstein Sarah A - - 2007
Previous research has shown that brief and intermittent activity wheel running attenuates conditioned place preference (CPP) to morphine in rats, which suggests that exercise may produce a cross-tolerance to opiates. On the other hand, a different exercise paradigm, chronic and voluntary wheel running, enhances learning in contextual conditioning tasks. The ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2007
Effects of exercise in animals with epilepsy have been demonstrated. To investigate whether the type of physical activity, voluntary or forced, would promote different morphological changes in hippocampal formation we performed an immunocytochemical study using the parvalbumin (PV) distribution as a marker. Control rats and rats with epilepsy were submitted ...
Batista M L ML - - 2007
Congestive heart failure (CHF) induces a state of immune activation, and peritoneal macrophages (M phi s) may play an important role in the development and progression of one such condition. Moderate endurance training modulates peritoneal M phi function. We evaluated the effect of endurance training on different stages of the ...
Soares Danusa Dias - - 2007
To assess the effects of increased hypothalamic tryptophan (TRP) availability on 5-HT content in preoptic area on thermoregulation and work production during exercise on treadmill, 20.3 microM of L-TRP (n=7) or 0.15M NaCl (n=6) was injected into the lateral cerebral ventricle of male Wistar rats immediately before the animals started ...
Ahlgren Joslyn - - 2007
The central mechanisms underlying the transition from compensation to decompensation during severe hemorrhage (HEM) are poorly understood. Furthermore, a lack of consistency in HEM protocols exists in the current literature. This study assessed the cardiovascular response and Fos-like immunoreactivity (FLI) in specific brain regions following severe HEM at three rates ...
Marini Marina - - 2007
To improve current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying exercise-induced cardioprotection in a rat model of mild exercise training, Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to run on a treadmill up to 55% of their maximal oxygen uptake for 1 h/day, 3 days/week, 14 weeks, with age-matched sedentary controls (n = 20/group). ...
Schweitzer, Natalie Beth
Animal research has contributed to knowledge about health and disease prevention. The interaction of environment and genetics plays a key role in health and disease. Studies of animals with the same genome have demonstrated that an environment that provides access to exercise is beneficial in maintaining and improving health and ...
Droste Susanne K - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Evidence is accumulating that the regular performance of exercise is beneficial for stress coping. However, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis of voluntarily exercising rats has never been comprehensively investigated. METHODS: Therefore, male Sprague-Dawley rats were given access to a running wheel in their home cage for 4 weeks in which ...
Harthmann Angela D - - 2007
We investigated the effect of exercise training on blood pressure, heart rate, and arterial baro- and chemoreflex sensitivity in diabetic rats (streptozotocin, 50 mg/kg iv). Male Wistar rats (251+/-10 g) were divided into 4 groups (n=8, each group): sedentary normotensive (SC), sedentary diabetic (SD), trained normotensive (TC), and trained diabetic ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2007
The positive effect of physical exercise programs on seizure frequency and severity has been demonstrated both in adult human and animals. However, this investigation during animal brain development has not been examined. To this purpose, the present work was aimed to analyse the effect of physical exercise training in rats ...
Lambertucci Rafael H - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise training on activities and mRNA levels of catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), Cu,Zn- and Mn-superoxide dismutases (SOD), TBARS content, and xanthine oxidase (XO) activity, in soleus muscle from young and aged rats. The antioxidant enzyme activities and ...
O'Dell S J - - 2007
Forced use of the forelimb contralateral to a unilateral injection of the dopaminergic neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine can promote recovery of motor function in that limb and can significantly decrease damage to dopamine terminals. The present study was conducted to determine (1) whether a form of voluntary exercise, wheel running, would improve ...
Bertagnolli Mariane - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) impairment has been associated with endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress. METHODS: Because exercise training could improve endothelial function in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), the effect of moderate exercise training on oxidative stress and BRS was investigated. Groups were divided into sedentary and trained Wistar-Kyoto rats (S-WK, ...
Frieling Helge - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Treatment of peritonitis may include peritoneal lavage/instillation with anti-infective agents like taurolidine or chlorhexidine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the effects of peritoneal instillation (INST, 5-ml solution) with taurolidine (TAURO) or polihexanide (POLI-LS) on intestinal microcirculation using intravital microscopy (IVM) in experimental endotoxemia (15 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide i.v.; ...
O'Callaghan Rachel M - - 2007
Physical activity may have the potential to improve cognitive function. Here we show that forced treadmill-running results in selective improvements in hippocampal plasticity. Rats that underwent exercise training demonstrated enhanced expression of long-term potentiation in dentate gyrus and enhanced object recognition learning. Spatial learning in the Morris watermaze was unaffected ...
Walters J R - - 2007
The goal of the present study was to determine the phase relationships of the slow oscillatory activity that emerges in basal ganglia nuclei in anesthetized rats after dopamine cell lesion in order to gain insight into the passage of this oscillatory activity through the basal ganglia network. Spike train recordings ...
Podhorska-Okolow Marzena - - 2007
Regular exercise is known to improve physiological and functional capacity of many organs due to adaptive processes. We have previously shown that acute exercise in untrained rats results in apoptosis of renal tubular cells and that the apoptotic process seems to be associated with stimulation of angiotensin II, AT1 and ...
Mounier Rémi - - 2007
Clenbuterol, a beta2-adrenergic-receptor agonist, is known to provoke muscle hypertrophy and a slow-to-fast phenotype change. A more glycolytic phenotype should be paralleled by changes in muscle glycolytic metabolism. Two groups (n=16 for each) of 3-month-old male Wistar rats (UCL: untrained clenbuterol, and ECL: exercised clenbuterol) received a chronic administration of ...
Lacerda Ana Cristina R - - 2006
The influence of the central nervous system on metabolic function is of interest in situations deviating from basal states, such as during exercise. Our previous study in rats demonstrated that central nitric oxide (NO) blockade increases metabolic rate, reducing mechanical efficiency during exercise. To assess the role of brain nitric ...
Menezes Luciana Gomes - - 2007
The objective of the present study was to investigate whether creatine (Cr) could attenuate the deleterious effects of high doses of dexamethasone (Dexa) on body mass, exercise performance, and respiratory variables of rodents. Forty-four Wistar rats performed incremental maximal exercise tests. They were then assigned to four groups: G1: subcutaneous ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >