Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1399
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Amaral S L - - 2008
Exercise-induced vessel changes modulate arterial pressure (AP) in male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is important for angiogenesis of skeletal muscle. The present study evaluated the time course of VEGF and angiogenesis after short- and long-term exercise training of female SHR and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, ...
Kojima Hiroshi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although exercise is believed to reduce the risk of rupture of the myotendinous junction, exercise-induced structural changes in this region have not been studied. We examined exercise-induced ultrastructural changes in the myotendinous junction of the lower legs in rats. METHODS: Ten adult male LETO rats were used. Five rats ...
Brzezicki Grzegorz - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Scar formation after spine surgery in the lumbosacral region may be the cause of failed back surgery syndrome. Therefore efforts are made to find materials preventing excessive scar formation at the site of surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of TachoComb application ...
Guo Miao - - 2008
This study explores the neuroprotective action of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) induced during physical exercise, which, consequently, reduces matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activity and ameliorates blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction in association with extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to exercise on a treadmill ...
Griesbach G S GS Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Box 957039, Los Angeles, CA 90095-7039, USA. - - 2008
Prior work has shown that d-amphetamine (AMPH) treatment or voluntary exercise improves cognitive functions after traumatic brain injury (TBI). In addition, voluntary exercise increases levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The current study was conducted to determine how AMPH and exercise treatments, either alone or in combination, affect molecular events ...
Mannerås Louise - - 2008
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine and metabolic disorder associated with ovulatory dysfunction, hyperandrogenism, abdominal obesity, and insulin resistance. Pharmacotherapy is often unsatisfactory. This study evaluates the effects of low-frequency electro-acupuncture (EA) and physical exercise on metabolic disturbances and adipose tissue mRNA expression of selected genes in a ...
Marotta Francesco - - 2008
A modified alkalizing supplementation (MAS) was tested on skeletal muscle metabolism in aged rats undergoing exhaustive exercise. Aged Wistar rats were allocated into two groups: saline (A) and saline added with 16 mg of MAS (B) before treadmill exercise. Blood and gastrocnemius and soleus muscle were analyzed after exercise for ...
Demarzo Marcelo Marcos Piva - - 2008
PURPOSES: There is evidence that the risk of colon cancer is reduced by appropriate levels of physical exercise. Nevertheless, the mechanisms involved in this protective effect of exercise remain largely unknown. Inflammation is emerging as a unifying link between a range of environment exposures and neoplastic risk. The carcinogen dimethyl-hydrazine ...
Kirchner Lieselotte - - 2008
Systematic protein expression studies in the brain of exercising and sedentary animals have not been carried out so far and it was therefore decided to determine differences in metabolic protein levels in rat hippocampus of sedentary, voluntary and involuntary exercising rats by a proteomic approach. Aged, male Sprague-Dawley rats, 23 ...
Arora P P Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2008
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a treadmill exercise protocol to prevent muscle weakness, atrophy and alterations in calcium regulation in adult, old and very old rats. Adult (7-12 months), old (29-30 months) and very old (34-36 months) F344BNF(1) rats were randomly assigned to weight ...
Huang Chi-Chang - - 2008
In this study, we report protective effects of dietary L-arginine (L-Arg) supplementation against oxidative stress and inflammation in aging rats during exhaustive exercise. Thirty 18-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: sedentary control (SC); sedentary control with L-Arg treatment (SC+Arg); exhaustive exercise (E); and exhaustive exercise with ...
Lou Shu-jie - - 2008
Exercise can increase neurogenesis and affect gene expression in the brains of adult rats. Little is known about how exercise intensity affects neurogenesis and associated gene expression in juvenile rats. Here, we show that exercise influenced neurogenesis and mRNA expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor type 1 ...
Batista Miguel Luiz ML - - 2008
PURPOSE: Exercise training restores innate immune system cell function in post-myocardial infarction (post-MI) rats. However, studies of the involvement of lymphocyte (Ly) in the setting of the congestive heart failure (CHF) are few. To address this issue, we investigated the function of Ly obtained from cervical lymph nodes from post-MI ...
Guo Qi - - 2008
We examined the effects of antihypertensive drugs, exercise training, and combinations thereof on insulin sensitivity (IS), and the association between this relation and sympathetic activity, muscle fiber composition, and capillary density in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Six-week-old male SHR were allocated to 7 groups: a control group (C), and groups ...
Daroonwan Chakraphan
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Chulalongkorn University, 2002
Shokouhi Ghaffar - - 2008
The potential role of exercise in preventing the age-related spontaneous peripheral neuropathy has not been studied. We examined the effects of long-term aerobic exercise training on lipid peroxidation, Schwann cell (SC) apoptosis and ultrastructural changes in the sciatic nerve of rats during aging. Three groups of 12-week old Wistar rats ...
Uchikawa Ken - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of exercise intensity on the muscle histopathology in steroid myopathy rats. DESIGN: Eight-week-old male Wistar rats (n=40) were divided into four groups: a control group (n=4), steroid-only group (n=12), moderate exercise + steroid group (n=12), and a high-intensity exercise + steroid group (n=12). Five weeks ...
Matsumoto Megumi - - 2008
The effects of voluntary wheel-running exercise on cecal microbiota and short-chain fatty acid production were investigated in rats. The microbiota composition was notably different between the exercised and sedentary rats. Furthermore, the exercised rats showed a significantly higher n-butyrate concentration than the sedentary rats. This alteration of the cecal microbial ...
Wang Jun - - 2008
This study aims to clarify the effects of exercise on levels of appetite regulatory hormones in plasma and hypothalamus of obese rats. Diet-induced obese rats undergo short- (40 min) and long-term (40 min, 5 days/week for 8 weeks) exercises. The rats ran at a speed of 20 m/min on a ...
Tufescu Andreia - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the renal and peripheral effects of chronic exercise in a rat model of diabetic nephropathy and the benefits of combined exercise and losartan. METHODS: Heminephrectomized Goto-Kakizaki rats were divided into four groups: (i) no exercise (control); (ii) exercise with treadmill running; (iii) losartan; (iv) exercise plus losartan, ...
Ferrara Nicola - - 2008
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of aging and exercise training on SIRT1 activity and to identify a pathway linking SIRT1 to antioxidant response and cell cycle regulation in rats. SIRT1 is a NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase involved in the oxidative stress response and aging. The effects of ...
Lee, Sang-Hak
To achieve the purpose of this study, forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to control and three endurance exercise group. 36 rats were forced to exercise according to exercise intensity for 8 weeks and 12 rats were untrained for control group. Cardiac cytosol was extracted from cardiac tissue and cardiac ...
Chen Wei-Qiang - - 2008
Information about protein expression studies in the brain of exercising and sedentary animals is limited. Cognitive functions change during exercise and the aim of this study was to investigate rat protein levels of the protein machinery in the hippocampus, the main cognitive brain area for spatial learning and memory, in ...
Bo Hai - - 2008
The physiological significance of cardiac mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2)-mediated uncoupling respiration in exercise is unknown. In the current study, mitochondrial respiratory function, UCP2 mRNA level, UCP2-mediated respiration (UCR), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, as well as manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) activity were determined in rat heart with or ...
Thomsen Jesper Skovhus - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Voluntary running in wheels as well as food reduction increase the life spans of rats. Disparate parameters such as the collagen biomarker of ageing and the development of kidney pathologies are decreased by voluntary exercise. There are few reports on the influence of physical exercise and food restriction on ...
Simões P A - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine the preventive effect of exercise on lumbar vertebrae in ovariectomized rats. Three-month-old female Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups: control group (A, n = 10); non-exercised ovariectomized group (B, n = 7) and exercised ovariectomized group (C, n = 7). The ...
Hunter Craig J - - 2008
Rats artificially selected as low capacity runners (LCR) exhibit features of the metabolic syndrome, and blunted exercise training-induced cardiac hypertrophy compared with high capacity runners (HCR). We tested the hypothesis that the divergent cardiac phenotypes may be due to diminished activation of signaling proteins in LCR vs HCR rats. LCR ...
Ropelle Eduardo R - - 2008
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) are key regulators of cellular energy balance and of the effects of leptin on food intake. Acute exercise is associated with increased sensitivity to the effects of leptin on food intake in an IL-6-dependent manner. To determine whether exercise ameliorates ...
Hsieh Yao-Yuan - - 2008
Exercise training plays a major role in the improving physiology of diabetes. Herein we aimed to investigate the influence of exercise upon the calcium-dependent calpain-isoform expressions of lean or obese Zucker rats, a model of obesity and type II diabetes (NIDDM). Five-month-old rats were divided: (1) obese sedentary (OS, n=7); ...
Maldonado Monica A - - 2008
Exercise and rehabilitative training each have been implicated in the promotion of restorative neural plasticity after cerebral injury. Because motor skill training induces synaptic plasticity and exercise increases plasticity-related proteins, we asked if exercise could improve the efficacy of training on a skilled motor task after focal cortical lesions. Female ...
Marqueti R C - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are crucial to the development and maintenance of healthy tissue. The aim of this study was to investigate MMP-2 activity in gastrocnemius, soleus, extensor digitorium longus (EDL) and tibialis anterior (TA) muscles after exercise associated with an anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS). Wistar rats were grouped into: sedentary ...
Koçtürk S - - 2008
The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of strenuous exercise on apoptosis of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscle fibers and clarify the role of oxidative metabolism in the strenuous exercise-induced apoptosis. The experiment was designed with 49 (n = 49) male, 24-week-old, L. Wistar albino rats. Strenuous ...
Király Michael A - - 2008
Exercise improves glucose tolerance in obese rodent models and humans; however, effects with respect to mechanisms of beta-cell compensation remain unexplained. We examined exercise's effects during the progression of hyperglycemia in male Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats until 19 wk of age. At 6 wk old, rats were assigned to ...
Akhavan M M - - 2008
The beneficial effects of exercise on learning and memory are well documented but the effects of prenatal exposure to maternal exercise on offspring are not clear yet. Using a two-trial-per-day Morris water maze for five consecutive days, succeeded by a probe trial 2 days later we showed that maternal voluntary ...
Salber Dagmar - - 2007
The amino acid O-(2-(18)F-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine ((18)F-FET) has been shown to be a useful tracer for brain tumor imaging. Experimental studies demonstrated no uptake of (18)F-FET in inflammatory cells but increased uptake has been reported in single cases of human brain abscesses. To explore this inconsistency, we investigated the uptake of (18)F-FET ...
Chesser, David Gerald 1981-
Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) results in the upregulation of several intracellular systems which help to prepare a cell for a high energy challenge. The magnitude of the AMPK response to a 10 min bout of exercise has been found to decrease in red quadriceps (RQ) following training, while ...
Park J-H - - 2008
AIM: Loss of oestrogen synthesis capacity after menopause contributes to increases in arterial stiffness and calcification. Exercise training improves arterial stiffness and calcification. However, the mechanism of exercise training-induced improvement of arterial stiffness and calcification remains unclear. METHOD: We examined the mechanism by using aortas of sham-operated rats (sham control; ...
Tsakiris T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Forced exercise produces free radicals and L-carnitine (L-C) administration reduces oxidative stress. AIM: To investigate whether short (2 hours) or prolonged (3 hours) forced swimming could modulate total antioxidant status (TAS), protein concentration and activities of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), Na(+)K(+)-ATPase and Mg(2+)-ATPase in rat brain following intraperitonal administration of L-C ...
Morris R Tyler RT Department of Medical Pharmacology and Physiology, School of - - 2007
Angiotensin-II (Ang-II) contributes to cardiac remodeling and left ventricular dysfunction. In contrast, exercise may have beneficial effects on left ventricular structure and function. We investigated the effects of low-intensity exercise training (ET) on in vivo cardiac function in hypertensive TG (mREN-2)27 rats (Ren-2) which develop left ventricular hypertrophy and dysfunction. ...
Baranowski M - - 2008
AIM: We aimed at gaining more insight into the mechanisms underlying exercise-induced alterations in myocardial ceramide (CER) content by employing physical activity of various durations and examining all key pathways of CER metabolism. METHODS: The experiments were carried out on male Wistar rats divided into four groups (n = 6 ...
Zeng Qin - - 2007
AIM: Adiponectin reportedly reduces insulin resistance. Exercise has also been shown to lessen insulin resistance, although it is not well known whether exercise increases levels of adiponectin and/or its receptors nor whether it effects are dependent on exercise intensity and/or period. We previously reported that blood adiponectin levels increased by ...
Chen Hsiun-Ing - - 2008
While serotonin (5-HT) may impair learning and memory, exercise has been reported to improve them. Whether chronic exercise can facilitate fear memory via regulating the serotonin system is unknown. We examined the effects of 4-week treadmill exercise training on levels of 5-HT and its metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), the protein ...
Gomez-Merino D - - 2007
White adipose tissue (WAT) is a major source of production of cytokines involved in chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and atherosclerosis. Long-term exercise has been proposed as a therapy to reduce chronic inflammation. We investigated here the influence of an intense exercise training (over 7 weeks) on ...
Sakurai Takuya - - 2007
We investigated the effect of exercise before or after refeeding on cell size and on the expression of several messenger RNAs (mRNAs) involved in lipolysis and lipogenesis in fasted rat epididymal adipocytes. Fasting for 65 hours reduced the diameter of adipocytes to 72.0 microm from 78.4 microm in fed control ...
Park Sunmin - - 2007
In this study, we investigated the effects of a high-fat diet and exercise on pancreatic beta-cell function and mass and its molecular mechanism in 90% pancreatectomized male rats. The pancreatectomized diabetic rats were given control diets (20% energy) or a high-fat (HF) diet (45% energy) for 12 wk. Half of ...
Rouyer Olivier - - 2007
Since exercise capacity is related to the mitochondrial respiration rate in skeletal muscle and both parameters are potentially modulated by the onset of diabetes and by inhibition of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), we investigated whether skeletal muscle oxidative functions and exercise capacities are impaired in chronic streptozotocin-induced diabetic (STZ) rats ...
de Lemos Edite Teixeira - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic low-grade systemic inflammation is a feature of such chronic diseases as cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes (T2D). There is evidence that regular exercise is effective as a treatment in these situations. This study intended to assess the levels of two inflammatory mediators, C-reactive protein (CRP) and adiponectin, ...
Souza Silvia B C - - 2007
Diabetes and menopause markedly increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in women. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of exercise training on cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction and on total mortality in diabetic female rats undergoing ovarian hormone deprivation. Female Wistar rats were divided into ovariectomized groups: ...
Asghar Mohammad - - 2007
Recently, we reported that oxidative stress decreases D1 receptor numbers and G protein activation in renal proximal tubules (RPT), resulting in diminished natriuretic response to dopamine in old rats. We tested the hypothesis that exercise in old rats will decrease oxidative stress and restore natriuretic response to D1 receptor agonist, ...
Silva de Lacerda Aline Fabiana - - 2007
Several studies have demonstrated the anticonvulsant effect of melatonin. In view of the positive effects of physical exercise in epilepsy, this study analyzed the influence of physical exercise program on the amygdala kindling development in pinealectomized rats. Animals were divided into six groups: pinealectomized rats (PX), sham rats (SHAM), control ...
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