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Results 301 - 350 of 1364
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Jee Yong-Seok - - 2008
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disease clinically characterized by dementia and neurobehavioral deterioration. Hippocampal neurons are vulnerable to injury induced by Alzheimer's disease. The immediate early gene c-Fos has been used as a marker of neuronal activity. In the present study, we investigated the effects of treadmill exercise on ...
Haastert Kirsten - - 2008
Studies were conducted to determine the possibility that voluntary exercise could enhance regenerative effects of gene therapy via Schwann cells (SC) over-expressing FGF-2. Sedentary or exercise rehabilitation conditions were therefore provided shortly after reconstructing 10mm sciatic nerve gaps in rats with silicone grafts. Exercise for 7 days elevated mRNA levels ...
Akhavan Maziar M - - 2008
The beneficial effects of physical activity and exercise on brain functions such as improvement in learning and memory are well documented. The aim of this study was to examine the possible role of hippocampal angiotensin II receptors in voluntary exercise-induced enhancement of learning and memory in rat. In order to ...
Rector R Scott - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to delineate potential mechanisms initiating the onset of hepatic steatosis following the cessation of daily physical activity. Four-week-old, hyperphagic/obese Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats were given access to voluntary running wheels for 16 weeks to prevent the development of hepatic steatosis. The animals were ...
Smith Mark A MA Department of Psychology and Program in Neuroscience, Davidson College, Davidson, NC 28035-7037, USA. - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine whether chronic exercise alters sensitivity to the conditioned rewarding effects of cocaine. Female rats were obtained at weaning and randomly assigned to either sedentary or exercise conditions. After 6 weeks under these conditions, the effects of cocaine were examined in the conditioned ...
Murphy K T - - 2008
We aimed to quantify the Na(+)-K(+) exchange occurring during exercise in rat skeletal muscle in vivo. Intracellular Na(+) and K(+) content, Na(+) permeability ((22)Na(+) influx), Na(+)-K(+) pump activity (ouabain-sensitive (86)Rb(+) uptake) and Na(+)-K(+) pump alpha(2) subunit content ([(3)H]ouabain binding) were measured. Six-week-old rats rested (control animals) or performed intermittent running ...
Smith Mark A - - 2008
Aerobic exercise can serve as an alternative, non-drug reinforcer in laboratory animals and has been recommended as a potential intervention for substance abusing populations. Unfortunately, relatively little empirical data have been collected that specifically address the possible protective effects of voluntary, long-term exercise on measures of drug self-administration. The purpose ...
Fish Paul V - - 2008
Derivatives of (3S)-N-(biphenyl-2-ylmethyl)pyrrolidin-3-amine are disclosed as a new series of noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (NRI). Carboxamide 9e, carbamate 11b and sulfonamide 13a were identified as potent NRIs with excellent selectivity over SRI and DRI, good in vitro metabolic stability and weak CYP inhibition. Carbamate 11b demonstrated superior transit performance in MDCK-mdr1 ...
Fortunato Rodrigo Soares - - 2008
The hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis is affected by acute exercise, but the mechanisms underlying thyroid function changes after exercise remain to be defined. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of a session of acute exercise on the treadmill at 75% of maximum oxygen consumption on thyroid function of ...
Ghanbari-Niaki Abbass - - 2008
Ghrelin and obestatin both are orexigenic/anorexigenic peptides which are secreted from gastrointestinal tracts (fundus submucosa cells). Obestatin is a 23 amino acid peptide recently isolated from rat stomach, is encoded by the same gene that encodes ghrelin. It has been suggested that ghrelin/obestatin stimulate growth hormone release and have opposite ...
Kiraly, Michael
We hypothesized that with exercise training and the subsequent attenuation of hyperglycemia, β-cell adaptation to worsening insulin resistance would be maintained. Also, because classical stress-activated systems and oxidative stress are involved in hepatic insulin resistance we examined if exercise would be associated with improvements in hepatic markers of oxidative stress ...
Bernard Jeffrey R - - 2008
The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether alterations in the c-Cbl-associated protein/c-Cbl pathway and/or p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAP kinase) were associated with improved skeletal muscle insulin responsiveness in exercise-trained obese Zucker rats. Obese Zucker rats ran 5 d/wk on a motorized treadmill for 90 minutes over a ...
Lehmann Christian - - 2008
Introduction: Although the benefit of antibiotic therapy in severe sepsis remains unquestioned (1), little is known about the effects of these antibiotics on the inflamed microcirculation independent of their antimicrobial property. Aim of this study was to evaluate acute effects related to antibiotics administration upon the intestinal microcirculation, which may ...
Marcuzzo Simone - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether treadmill locomotor training could have beneficial effects on deficits consequent to perinatal anoxia, sensorimotor restriction or a combination of both. Fifty-six newborn male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control, anoxic, sensorimotor-restricted and anoxic-sensorimotor-restricted. Rats were exposed to anoxia ...
Gardner Andrew W - - 2008
(a) To compare exercise performance and leisue-time physical activity (LTPA) between older men and women, (b) to assess the relationship between exercise performance and LTPA, and (c) to determine whether group differences in exercise performance persist after controlling for LTPA. A total of 105 women and 155 men who were ...
Amaral S L - - 2008
Exercise-induced vessel changes modulate arterial pressure (AP) in male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is important for angiogenesis of skeletal muscle. The present study evaluated the time course of VEGF and angiogenesis after short- and long-term exercise training of female SHR and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, ...
Kojima Hiroshi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although exercise is believed to reduce the risk of rupture of the myotendinous junction, exercise-induced structural changes in this region have not been studied. We examined exercise-induced ultrastructural changes in the myotendinous junction of the lower legs in rats. METHODS: Ten adult male LETO rats were used. Five rats ...
Brzezicki Grzegorz - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Scar formation after spine surgery in the lumbosacral region may be the cause of failed back surgery syndrome. Therefore efforts are made to find materials preventing excessive scar formation at the site of surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of TachoComb application ...
Guo Miao - - 2008
This study explores the neuroprotective action of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) induced during physical exercise, which, consequently, reduces matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activity and ameliorates blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction in association with extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to exercise on a treadmill ...
Griesbach G S - - 2008
Prior work has shown that d-amphetamine (AMPH) treatment or voluntary exercise improves cognitive functions after traumatic brain injury (TBI). In addition, voluntary exercise increases levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The current study was conducted to determine how AMPH and exercise treatments, either alone or in combination, affect molecular events ...
Mannerås Louise - - 2008
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine and metabolic disorder associated with ovulatory dysfunction, hyperandrogenism, abdominal obesity, and insulin resistance. Pharmacotherapy is often unsatisfactory. This study evaluates the effects of low-frequency electro-acupuncture (EA) and physical exercise on metabolic disturbances and adipose tissue mRNA expression of selected genes in a ...
Marotta Francesco - - 2008
A modified alkalizing supplementation (MAS) was tested on skeletal muscle metabolism in aged rats undergoing exhaustive exercise. Aged Wistar rats were allocated into two groups: saline (A) and saline added with 16 mg of MAS (B) before treadmill exercise. Blood and gastrocnemius and soleus muscle were analyzed after exercise for ...
Demarzo Marcelo Marcos Piva - - 2008
PURPOSES: There is evidence that the risk of colon cancer is reduced by appropriate levels of physical exercise. Nevertheless, the mechanisms involved in this protective effect of exercise remain largely unknown. Inflammation is emerging as a unifying link between a range of environment exposures and neoplastic risk. The carcinogen dimethyl-hydrazine ...
Kirchner Lieselotte - - 2008
Systematic protein expression studies in the brain of exercising and sedentary animals have not been carried out so far and it was therefore decided to determine differences in metabolic protein levels in rat hippocampus of sedentary, voluntary and involuntary exercising rats by a proteomic approach. Aged, male Sprague-Dawley rats, 23 ...
Arora P - - 2008
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a treadmill exercise protocol to prevent muscle weakness, atrophy and alterations in calcium regulation in adult, old and very old rats. Adult (7-12 months), old (29-30 months) and very old (34-36 months) F344BNF(1) rats were randomly assigned to weight ...
Huang Chi-Chang - - 2008
In this study, we report protective effects of dietary L-arginine (L-Arg) supplementation against oxidative stress and inflammation in aging rats during exhaustive exercise. Thirty 18-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: sedentary control (SC); sedentary control with L-Arg treatment (SC+Arg); exhaustive exercise (E); and exhaustive exercise with ...
Lou Shu-jie - - 2008
Exercise can increase neurogenesis and affect gene expression in the brains of adult rats. Little is known about how exercise intensity affects neurogenesis and associated gene expression in juvenile rats. Here, we show that exercise influenced neurogenesis and mRNA expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor type 1 ...
Batista Miguel Luiz ML - - 2008
PURPOSE: Exercise training restores innate immune system cell function in post-myocardial infarction (post-MI) rats. However, studies of the involvement of lymphocyte (Ly) in the setting of the congestive heart failure (CHF) are few. To address this issue, we investigated the function of Ly obtained from cervical lymph nodes from post-MI ...
Guo Qi - - 2008
We examined the effects of antihypertensive drugs, exercise training, and combinations thereof on insulin sensitivity (IS), and the association between this relation and sympathetic activity, muscle fiber composition, and capillary density in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Six-week-old male SHR were allocated to 7 groups: a control group (C), and groups ...
Daroonwan Chakraphan
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Chulalongkorn University, 2002
Shokouhi Ghaffar - - 2008
The potential role of exercise in preventing the age-related spontaneous peripheral neuropathy has not been studied. We examined the effects of long-term aerobic exercise training on lipid peroxidation, Schwann cell (SC) apoptosis and ultrastructural changes in the sciatic nerve of rats during aging. Three groups of 12-week old Wistar rats ...
Uchikawa Ken - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of exercise intensity on the muscle histopathology in steroid myopathy rats. DESIGN: Eight-week-old male Wistar rats (n=40) were divided into four groups: a control group (n=4), steroid-only group (n=12), moderate exercise + steroid group (n=12), and a high-intensity exercise + steroid group (n=12). Five weeks ...
Matsumoto Megumi - - 2008
The effects of voluntary wheel-running exercise on cecal microbiota and short-chain fatty acid production were investigated in rats. The microbiota composition was notably different between the exercised and sedentary rats. Furthermore, the exercised rats showed a significantly higher n-butyrate concentration than the sedentary rats. This alteration of the cecal microbial ...
Wang Jun - - 2008
This study aims to clarify the effects of exercise on levels of appetite regulatory hormones in plasma and hypothalamus of obese rats. Diet-induced obese rats undergo short- (40 min) and long-term (40 min, 5 days/week for 8 weeks) exercises. The rats ran at a speed of 20 m/min on a ...
Tufescu Andreia - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the renal and peripheral effects of chronic exercise in a rat model of diabetic nephropathy and the benefits of combined exercise and losartan. METHODS: Heminephrectomized Goto-Kakizaki rats were divided into four groups: (i) no exercise (control); (ii) exercise with treadmill running; (iii) losartan; (iv) exercise plus losartan, ...
Ferrara Nicola - - 2008
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of aging and exercise training on SIRT1 activity and to identify a pathway linking SIRT1 to antioxidant response and cell cycle regulation in rats. SIRT1 is a NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase involved in the oxidative stress response and aging. The effects of ...
Lee, Sang-Hak
To achieve the purpose of this study, forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to control and three endurance exercise group. 36 rats were forced to exercise according to exercise intensity for 8 weeks and 12 rats were untrained for control group. Cardiac cytosol was extracted from cardiac tissue and cardiac ...
Chen Wei-Qiang - - 2008
Information about protein expression studies in the brain of exercising and sedentary animals is limited. Cognitive functions change during exercise and the aim of this study was to investigate rat protein levels of the protein machinery in the hippocampus, the main cognitive brain area for spatial learning and memory, in ...
Bo Hai - - 2008
The physiological significance of cardiac mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2)-mediated uncoupling respiration in exercise is unknown. In the current study, mitochondrial respiratory function, UCP2 mRNA level, UCP2-mediated respiration (UCR), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, as well as manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) activity were determined in rat heart with or ...
Thomsen Jesper Skovhus - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Voluntary running in wheels as well as food reduction increase the life spans of rats. Disparate parameters such as the collagen biomarker of ageing and the development of kidney pathologies are decreased by voluntary exercise. There are few reports on the influence of physical exercise and food restriction on ...
Simões P A - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine the preventive effect of exercise on lumbar vertebrae in ovariectomized rats. Three-month-old female Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups: control group (A, n = 10); non-exercised ovariectomized group (B, n = 7) and exercised ovariectomized group (C, n = 7). The ...
Hunter Craig J - - 2008
Rats artificially selected as low capacity runners (LCR) exhibit features of the metabolic syndrome, and blunted exercise training-induced cardiac hypertrophy compared with high capacity runners (HCR). We tested the hypothesis that the divergent cardiac phenotypes may be due to diminished activation of signaling proteins in LCR vs HCR rats. LCR ...
Ropelle Eduardo R - - 2008
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) are key regulators of cellular energy balance and of the effects of leptin on food intake. Acute exercise is associated with increased sensitivity to the effects of leptin on food intake in an IL-6-dependent manner. To determine whether exercise ameliorates ...
Hsieh Yao-Yuan - - 2008
Exercise training plays a major role in the improving physiology of diabetes. Herein we aimed to investigate the influence of exercise upon the calcium-dependent calpain-isoform expressions of lean or obese Zucker rats, a model of obesity and type II diabetes (NIDDM). Five-month-old rats were divided: (1) obese sedentary (OS, n=7); ...
Maldonado Monica A - - 2008
Exercise and rehabilitative training each have been implicated in the promotion of restorative neural plasticity after cerebral injury. Because motor skill training induces synaptic plasticity and exercise increases plasticity-related proteins, we asked if exercise could improve the efficacy of training on a skilled motor task after focal cortical lesions. Female ...
Marqueti R C - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are crucial to the development and maintenance of healthy tissue. The aim of this study was to investigate MMP-2 activity in gastrocnemius, soleus, extensor digitorium longus (EDL) and tibialis anterior (TA) muscles after exercise associated with an anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS). Wistar rats were grouped into: sedentary ...
Koçtürk S - - 2008
The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of strenuous exercise on apoptosis of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscle fibers and clarify the role of oxidative metabolism in the strenuous exercise-induced apoptosis. The experiment was designed with 49 (n = 49) male, 24-week-old, L. Wistar albino rats. Strenuous ...
Király Michael A - - 2008
Exercise improves glucose tolerance in obese rodent models and humans; however, effects with respect to mechanisms of beta-cell compensation remain unexplained. We examined exercise's effects during the progression of hyperglycemia in male Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats until 19 wk of age. At 6 wk old, rats were assigned to ...
Akhavan M M - - 2008
The beneficial effects of exercise on learning and memory are well documented but the effects of prenatal exposure to maternal exercise on offspring are not clear yet. Using a two-trial-per-day Morris water maze for five consecutive days, succeeded by a probe trial 2 days later we showed that maternal voluntary ...
Salber Dagmar - - 2007
The amino acid O-(2-(18)F-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine ((18)F-FET) has been shown to be a useful tracer for brain tumor imaging. Experimental studies demonstrated no uptake of (18)F-FET in inflammatory cells but increased uptake has been reported in single cases of human brain abscesses. To explore this inconsistency, we investigated the uptake of (18)F-FET ...
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