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Results 301 - 350 of 1390
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Mannerås Louise - - 2009
Altered activity of the sympathetic nervous system, which innervates adipose and ovarian tissue, may play a role in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We hypothesize that electro-acupuncture (EA) and physical exercise reduce sympathetic activity by stimulating ergoreceptors and somatic afferent pathways in muscles. Here we investigated the effects of low-frequency EA ...
dos Santos Ronaldo V T - - 2009
1. Reductions in plasma glutamine are observed after prolonged exercise. Three hypotheses can explain such a decrease: (i) high demand by the liver and kidney; (ii) impaired release from muscles; and (iii) decreased synthesis in skeletal muscle. The present study investigated the effects of exercise on glutamine synthesis and transport ...
Teixeira Angélica - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the preliminary effects of intense physical training (swimming) on oxidative stress in rats with nutritional deficiencies. METHODS: Rats were fed with a standard diet or a diet deficient in vitamins and minerals for 4 months. The deficient diet contained one-fourth of the recommended vitamin and mineral ...
Hosseini Mahmoud - - 2009
Exercise can activate the same pathways as morphine. The aim of the present study was to clarify the effect of short-term and mid-term exercises on the self-administration of morphine in rats. Male Wistar rats were initially trained to receive small pellets of food by pressing the active lever in self-administration ...
You Joshua Sung H - - 2009
We investigated a long-term exercise-induced neuroplasticity and spatial memory recovery in 15 rats in a treadmill as follows: normal control rats (NC), streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic control rats (DC), and STZ-induced diabetic rats exercising in a treadmill (DE). As per the DE group, the running exercise in a treadmill was administered ...
Sakurai Takuya - - 2009
Increased oxidative stress in adipocytes causes dysregulated expression of inflammation-related adipokines. We have examined the effects of exercise training on oxidative stress in rat white adipose tissue (WAT), especially focusing on inflammation-related adipokines. The levels of lipid peroxidation in WAT of exercise-trained (TR) rats were lower than those in control ...
Ochiai Masaru - - 2009
The present study investigated whether or not muscle triacylglycerol (MTG) contributed as a main energy source and MTG level and utilized fatty acid (FA) composition decreased during a 4-hour swimming exercise in rats fed a normal diet or a high-fat diet (HFD). Sixty male Wistar rats aged 5 weeks were ...
Collins Andrew - - 2009
We have shown previously that exercise benefits stress resistance and stress coping capabilities. Furthermore, we reported recently that epigenetic changes related to gene transcription are involved in memory formation of stressful events. In view of the enhanced coping capabilities in exercised subjects we investigated epigenetic, gene expression and behavioral changes ...
Giusti Betti - - 2009
Epidemiological studies showed that physical exercise, specifically moderate lifelong training, is protective against cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Most experimental work has focused into the effects and molecular mechanisms underlying intense, rather than mild exercise, by exploring the acute effect of training. Our study aims at investigating the cardioprotective effect of ...
de Oliveira Ricardo Jacó RJ Graduate School of Physical Education, Catholic University of - - 2009
The purpose of the present study was to examine the association between fat-free mass (FFM), quadriceps strength and sarcopenia with aerobic fitness indexes of elderly women. A total of 189 volunteers (66.7 ± 5.46 years) underwent aerobic capacity measurement through a symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise test to determine their individual ventilatory ...
Romani Rita - - 2009
Paraoxonases (PONs) are a small family of antioxidant enzymes whose antiatherogenic activity is well known. The aim of the present study was the evaluation of the effects of moderate aerobic training on their expression using a rat model. In order to discriminate between PON1 and PON3 enzymatic activity, we took ...
Baptista S - - 2008
Physical exercise may improve the metabolic and haemodynamic responses, but the beneficial effects seem to depend on intensity, duration and muscular mass recruitment, which may vary between different types of protocols. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of two distinct moderate/long-term aerobic training protocols in the normal Wistar ...
Taysi S - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate whether an 8-week treadmill training attenuates exercise-induced oxidative stress in rat liver. Male rats were divided into untrained and trained groups. Endurance training consisted of treadmill running at a speed of 2.1 km/h, 1.5 h/day, 5 days a week for 8 weeks. ...
Vongvatcharanon Uraporn - - 2010
Parvalbumin (PV), which is a small (12kDa) cytoplasmic calcium-binding protein, has been implicated in mediating relaxation in cardiac myocytes. The influence of aging and exercise on the distribution of PV in rat heart was investigated. Male Wistar rats aged 3, 6, 12 and 18-months were divided into sedentary and exercise ...
Yi Sun Shin - - 2009
In the present study, we investigated the effects of a treadmill exercise on serum glucose levels and Ki67 and doublecortin (DCX) immunoreactivity, which is a marker of cell proliferation expressed during cell cycles except G0 and early G1 and a marker of progenitors differentiating into neurons, respectively, in the subgranular ...
Villar-Cheda Begoña - - 2009
It is not known if aging induces changes in nigral vascularization and nigral vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels similar to those previously reported for Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study nonexercised rats displayed age-dependent decreases in the density of nigral microvessels and VEGF mRNA expression, which were reversed by ...
Marques Elsa - - 2008
The aim of this study was to verify the effect of chronic exercise on the striatal dopamine (DA) outflow induced by low and high single doses of amphetamine (AMPH), and verify the existence of an exercise protective role on neurodegeneration. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly separated into six groups: ...
Hung Ching-Hsia - - 2008
Higher expression of heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) reduces the mortality rate and organ damage in septic shock and prevents cardiac mitochondrial dysfunction due to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Our hypothesis is that exercise preconditioning may increase the expression of HSP72 in heart and the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of the brain ...
Baltaci Abdulkerim Kasim - - 2009
The objective of the present study is to explore the effects of acute swimming exercise on plasma levels of some elements in rats, immediately after the exercise, and 24 and 48 h later. The study included 40 adult male rats of Spraque Dawley species, which were equally allocated to four ...
Hill L E - - 2010
Voluntary exercise improves stress coping and lowers anxiety. Because of the role of GABA in these processes, we investigated changes in the central GABAergic system in rats with free access to a running wheel for 4 weeks. The control animals had no access to a running wheel. Using insitu hybridisation ...
Bai Y - - 2009
Chronic renal failure (CRF) results in diminished physical activity and increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). CVD risk factors are raised by sedentary life style and ameliorated by physical fitness in the general population. Accordingly, exercise improves hypertension, endothelial dysfunction, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, inflammation and oxidative stress in high-risk populations. ...
Belabbas Hassiba - - 2008
Cardiac vessel density (beta-actin immunolabeling) and angiogenic capacity of coronary artery explants (culture in collagen gel) was determined in hypertrophied heart obtained by exercise training (10 wk) or ANG II infusion for 10 days. A group of rats received ANG II the last 10 days of training. The heart weight ...
Kim Soyoung - - 2008
This study evaluated the effects of Prunus mume extract on exercise-induced fatigue recovery in a trained rat model. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were raised either on a control diet (EC) or on diets supplemented with 0.15% (0.15EP), 0.3% (0.3EP), or 0.9% (0.9EP) Prunus mume extract for 4 weeks (n = 18). ...
Connor Nadine P - - 2009
Age-related changes in tongue function may contribute to dysphagia in elderly people. The authors' purpose was to investigate whether aged rats that have undergone tongue exercise would manifest increased protrusive tongue forces and increased genioglossus (GG) muscle fiber cross-sectional areas. Forty-eight young adult, middle-aged, and old Fischer 344/Brown Norway rats ...
Coimbra Rosemeire - - 2008
Evidence of mild hypertension in women and female rats and our preliminary observation showing that training is not effective to reduce pressure in female as it does in male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) prompt us to investigate the effects of gender on hemodynamic pattern and microcirculatory changes induced by exercise ...
de Lima Carina - - 2008
Here, we investigated the effect of jump exercise on tumor growth, cancer cachexia, lymphocyte proliferation and macrophage function in Walker 256 tumor-bearing rats. Male Wistar rats (60 days) were divided into sedentary (C) and exercised (E) groups. Jump training consisted of six sets of 10 jumps in water with overload ...
Jee Yong-Seok - - 2008
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disease clinically characterized by dementia and neurobehavioral deterioration. Hippocampal neurons are vulnerable to injury induced by Alzheimer's disease. The immediate early gene c-Fos has been used as a marker of neuronal activity. In the present study, we investigated the effects of treadmill exercise on ...
Haastert Kirsten - - 2008
Studies were conducted to determine the possibility that voluntary exercise could enhance regenerative effects of gene therapy via Schwann cells (SC) over-expressing FGF-2. Sedentary or exercise rehabilitation conditions were therefore provided shortly after reconstructing 10mm sciatic nerve gaps in rats with silicone grafts. Exercise for 7 days elevated mRNA levels ...
Akhavan Maziar M - - 2008
The beneficial effects of physical activity and exercise on brain functions such as improvement in learning and memory are well documented. The aim of this study was to examine the possible role of hippocampal angiotensin II receptors in voluntary exercise-induced enhancement of learning and memory in rat. In order to ...
Rector R Scott - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to delineate potential mechanisms initiating the onset of hepatic steatosis following the cessation of daily physical activity. Four-week-old, hyperphagic/obese Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats were given access to voluntary running wheels for 16 weeks to prevent the development of hepatic steatosis. The animals were ...
Smith Mark A MA Department of Psychology and Program in Neuroscience, Davidson College, Davidson, NC 28035-7037, USA. - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine whether chronic exercise alters sensitivity to the conditioned rewarding effects of cocaine. Female rats were obtained at weaning and randomly assigned to either sedentary or exercise conditions. After 6 weeks under these conditions, the effects of cocaine were examined in the conditioned ...
Murphy K T - - 2008
We aimed to quantify the Na(+)-K(+) exchange occurring during exercise in rat skeletal muscle in vivo. Intracellular Na(+) and K(+) content, Na(+) permeability ((22)Na(+) influx), Na(+)-K(+) pump activity (ouabain-sensitive (86)Rb(+) uptake) and Na(+)-K(+) pump alpha(2) subunit content ([(3)H]ouabain binding) were measured. Six-week-old rats rested (control animals) or performed intermittent running ...
Smith Mark A - - 2008
Aerobic exercise can serve as an alternative, non-drug reinforcer in laboratory animals and has been recommended as a potential intervention for substance abusing populations. Unfortunately, relatively little empirical data have been collected that specifically address the possible protective effects of voluntary, long-term exercise on measures of drug self-administration. The purpose ...
Fish Paul V - - 2008
Derivatives of (3S)-N-(biphenyl-2-ylmethyl)pyrrolidin-3-amine are disclosed as a new series of noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (NRI). Carboxamide 9e, carbamate 11b and sulfonamide 13a were identified as potent NRIs with excellent selectivity over SRI and DRI, good in vitro metabolic stability and weak CYP inhibition. Carbamate 11b demonstrated superior transit performance in MDCK-mdr1 ...
Fortunato Rodrigo Soares - - 2008
The hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis is affected by acute exercise, but the mechanisms underlying thyroid function changes after exercise remain to be defined. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of a session of acute exercise on the treadmill at 75% of maximum oxygen consumption on thyroid function of ...
Ghanbari-Niaki Abbass - - 2008
Ghrelin and obestatin both are orexigenic/anorexigenic peptides which are secreted from gastrointestinal tracts (fundus submucosa cells). Obestatin is a 23 amino acid peptide recently isolated from rat stomach, is encoded by the same gene that encodes ghrelin. It has been suggested that ghrelin/obestatin stimulate growth hormone release and have opposite ...
Kiraly, Michael
We hypothesized that with exercise training and the subsequent attenuation of hyperglycemia, β-cell adaptation to worsening insulin resistance would be maintained. Also, because classical stress-activated systems and oxidative stress are involved in hepatic insulin resistance we examined if exercise would be associated with improvements in hepatic markers of oxidative stress ...
Bernard Jeffrey R - - 2008
The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether alterations in the c-Cbl-associated protein/c-Cbl pathway and/or p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAP kinase) were associated with improved skeletal muscle insulin responsiveness in exercise-trained obese Zucker rats. Obese Zucker rats ran 5 d/wk on a motorized treadmill for 90 minutes over a ...
Lehmann Christian - - 2008
Introduction: Although the benefit of antibiotic therapy in severe sepsis remains unquestioned (1), little is known about the effects of these antibiotics on the inflamed microcirculation independent of their antimicrobial property. Aim of this study was to evaluate acute effects related to antibiotics administration upon the intestinal microcirculation, which may ...
Marcuzzo Simone - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether treadmill locomotor training could have beneficial effects on deficits consequent to perinatal anoxia, sensorimotor restriction or a combination of both. Fifty-six newborn male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control, anoxic, sensorimotor-restricted and anoxic-sensorimotor-restricted. Rats were exposed to anoxia ...
Gardner Andrew W - - 2008
(a) To compare exercise performance and leisue-time physical activity (LTPA) between older men and women, (b) to assess the relationship between exercise performance and LTPA, and (c) to determine whether group differences in exercise performance persist after controlling for LTPA. A total of 105 women and 155 men who were ...
Amaral S L - - 2008
Exercise-induced vessel changes modulate arterial pressure (AP) in male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is important for angiogenesis of skeletal muscle. The present study evaluated the time course of VEGF and angiogenesis after short- and long-term exercise training of female SHR and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, ...
Kojima Hiroshi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although exercise is believed to reduce the risk of rupture of the myotendinous junction, exercise-induced structural changes in this region have not been studied. We examined exercise-induced ultrastructural changes in the myotendinous junction of the lower legs in rats. METHODS: Ten adult male LETO rats were used. Five rats ...
Brzezicki Grzegorz - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Scar formation after spine surgery in the lumbosacral region may be the cause of failed back surgery syndrome. Therefore efforts are made to find materials preventing excessive scar formation at the site of surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of TachoComb application ...
Guo Miao - - 2008
This study explores the neuroprotective action of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) induced during physical exercise, which, consequently, reduces matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activity and ameliorates blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction in association with extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to exercise on a treadmill ...
Griesbach G S - - 2008
Prior work has shown that d-amphetamine (AMPH) treatment or voluntary exercise improves cognitive functions after traumatic brain injury (TBI). In addition, voluntary exercise increases levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The current study was conducted to determine how AMPH and exercise treatments, either alone or in combination, affect molecular events ...
Mannerås Louise - - 2008
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine and metabolic disorder associated with ovulatory dysfunction, hyperandrogenism, abdominal obesity, and insulin resistance. Pharmacotherapy is often unsatisfactory. This study evaluates the effects of low-frequency electro-acupuncture (EA) and physical exercise on metabolic disturbances and adipose tissue mRNA expression of selected genes in a ...
Marotta Francesco - - 2008
A modified alkalizing supplementation (MAS) was tested on skeletal muscle metabolism in aged rats undergoing exhaustive exercise. Aged Wistar rats were allocated into two groups: saline (A) and saline added with 16 mg of MAS (B) before treadmill exercise. Blood and gastrocnemius and soleus muscle were analyzed after exercise for ...
Demarzo Marcelo Marcos Piva - - 2008
PURPOSES: There is evidence that the risk of colon cancer is reduced by appropriate levels of physical exercise. Nevertheless, the mechanisms involved in this protective effect of exercise remain largely unknown. Inflammation is emerging as a unifying link between a range of environment exposures and neoplastic risk. The carcinogen dimethyl-hydrazine ...
Kirchner Lieselotte - - 2008
Systematic protein expression studies in the brain of exercising and sedentary animals have not been carried out so far and it was therefore decided to determine differences in metabolic protein levels in rat hippocampus of sedentary, voluntary and involuntary exercising rats by a proteomic approach. Aged, male Sprague-Dawley rats, 23 ...
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