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Thomas Gwendolyn A GA Yale University, New Haven, CT, - - 2013
Objective. Breast cancer survivors are highly sedentary, overweight, or obese, which puts them at increased risk for comorbid chronic disease. We examined the prevalence of, and changes in, metabolic syndrome following 6 months of an aerobic exercise versus usual care intervention in a sample of sedentary postmenopausal breast cancer survivors. ...
Winters-Stone Kerri M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Women with cancer are significantly more likely to fall than women without cancer placing them at higher risk of fall-related fractures, other injuries and disability. Currently, no evidence-based fall prevention strategies exist that specifically target female cancer survivors. The purpose of the GET FIT (Group Exercise Training for ...
Carpenter Catherine L - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Accumulation of excess body fat increases breast cancer risk after menopause. Whether the localized breast is differently influenced by adipose tissue compared to the rest of the body, has not been well studied. Our purpose was to demonstrate feasibility and preliminarily evaluate serum-based and localized breast biomarker changes ...
Silveira Lílian Cristina da - - 2012
To verify if medium intensity exercise performed during pregnancy can influence in the type of delivery, and to observe compliance to an exercise program among primiparous women with different levels of schooling. A study carried out at the Centro de Incentivo ao Aleitamento Materno, in São Sebastiao (SP), between April ...
Seshadri Krishna G - - 2012
Elderly, obese women with diabetes who have limitations in mobility often are unable to walk for a sustained period of time. We need to find a way to increase physical activity in these subjects. To evaluate the effect of low-intensity, repetitive, home-based walking regimen on glycemic control in elderly, obese ...
Swift Damon L DL Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. - - 2012
Exercise training reduces adiposity and risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the combined effects of habitual free-living physical activity and aerobic training on waist circumference, weight, fitness, and blood pressure in postmenopausal women are unknown. To evaluate the effects of habitual physical activity levels during aerobic training on weight, waist circumference, ...
Gaston Anca - - 2012
Despite the benefits of exercise during pregnancy, many expectant mothers are inactive. This study examined whether augmenting a protection motivation theory (PMT) intervention with a Health Action Process Approach can enhance exercise behavior change among pregnant women. Sixty inactive pregnant women were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: ...
Beckie Theresa M - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise cessation is thought to reflect the rate of reestablishment of parasympathetic tone. Relatively little research has focused on improved HRR in women after completing cardiac rehabilitation (CR) exercise training. OBJECTIVE:: We examined the influence of exercise training on HRR in women completing a ...
Sakamoto Keizo K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Showa University School of Medicine, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8666, Japan. - - 2013
Maintaining or improving motor (balance) ability is essential to extending the healthy lifespan of elderly people, and developing effective and efficient strategies to prevent falls of elderly people is an urgent. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of balance exercise on fall and fracture prevention for ...
Olivier Nicolas - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: to determine whether erector spinae muscle oxygenation (OXY) and blood volume (BV) during a progressive isoinertial lifting evaluation (PILE) are modified by an exercise therapy program. DESIGN: pre (E1) and post (E2) exercise therapy experimental design. SETTING: Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 24 subjects with chronic low back pain (LBP group) and ...
Rydwik Elisabeth - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge regarding to what extent the older population meet the recommendations of physical exercise, especially fitness-enhancing exercise. This study assessed participation in health- and fitness-enhancing exercises in people aged >65, and explored to what extent the possible differences in meeting current recommendations differs by age, gender ...
Meyer C - - 2013
This study had two objectives. First, to determine links between levels of eating psychopathology and beliefs about exercise among young women. Second, to determine the predictive effects of unhealthy core beliefs on exercise beliefs. A convenience sample of 185 young female exercisers completed the Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI), the Exercise ...
Ramos Plínio Santos - - 2012
BACKGROUND: At the maximal Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET), several ventilatory variables are analyzed, including the ventilatory equivalent for oxygen (VE/VO2). The minimum VE/VO2 value reflects the best integration between the respiratory and cardiovascular systems and may be called "Cardiorespiratory Optimal Point (COP)". OBJECTIVE: To determine the behavior of the COP ...
Campbell Kristin L - - 2012
Research supports the use of exercise to improve quality of life and reduce the side effects of breast cancer treatment, such as fatigue and decreased aerobic capacity. Previously published reviews have focused on reporting the outcomes of exercise interventions, but have not critically examined the exercise prescriptions. The purpose of ...
Killgore William D S - - 2012
Previous research suggests that physical exercise may have beneficial effects on cognitive performance in children and the elderly, but little research has yet examined these associations in healthy adults. It was hypothesized that self-reported frequency and duration of physical exercise would correlate positively with measured intelligence on the Wechsler Abbreviated ...
Akazawa Nobuhiko - - 2012
Vascular endothelial function is declines with aging and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Lifestyle modification, particularly aerobic exercise and dietary adjustment, has a favorable effect on vascular aging. Curcumin is a major component of turmeric with known anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects. We investigated the effects of ...
Vaughan Sue - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Intervention studies testing the efficacy of cardiorespiratory exercise have shown some promise in terms of improving cognitive function in later life. Recent developments suggest that a multi-modal exercise intervention that includes motor as well as physical training and requires sustained attention and concentration, may better elicit the actual ...
Nascimento Simony L - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to provide an update on the recent evidence concerning exercise during pregnancy including effects for mother and fetus and the types, frequency, intensity, duration and rate of progression of exercise performed. RECENT FINDINGS: Exercises during pregnancy are associated with higher cardiorespiratory fitness, prevention of ...
Levisman Jeffrey M - - 2012
The exercise treadmill test (ETT) in women has been limited by a low positive predictive value (PPV) for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the reliability of previous studies was unsatisfactory because of the inclusion of younger women with a low prevalence of CAD. To further evaluate the diagnostic properties of ...
Nilsson Mats I - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise may be used in conjunction with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) to attenuate cardiovascular deconditioning, skeletal muscle wasting, and loss of motor function in Pompe disease (glycogen storage disease type II; GSDII), but the effects on lysosomal glycogen content and macroautophagy have not been defined to date. PURPOSE: ...
Wang Vicki N - - 2012
We evaluated the effect of endogenous estrogen levels on exercise-related changes in right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) of healthy, eumenorrheic, sedentary women. Volunteers were studied at two separates phases of the menstrual cycle (LO and HI estrogen phases), exercised on a semi-supine ergometer with escalating workload and monitored continuously by ...
Leenders Marika - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Resistance training has been well established as an effective treatment strategy to increase skeletal muscle mass and strength in the elderly. We assessed whether dietary protein supplementation can further augment the adaptive response to prolonged resistance type exercise training in healthy, elderly men and women. METHODS: Healthy, elderly men ...
Ratamess Nicholas A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of manipulating rest interval (RI) length of the first upper body exercise in sequence on subsequent resistance exercise performance. Twenty-two men and women with at least 1 year of resistance training experience performed resistance exercise protocols on three ...
Hunter M S - - 2012
Objective To examine the relationship between climate (including altitude, temperature, humidity and annual range of temperature) and experience of hot flushes and night sweats amongst Spanish-speaking mid-aged women living in five urban centers. Methods A total of 896 peri- and postmenopausal women from centers in Chile (Santiago de Chile), Ecuador ...
Berry Tanya R - - 2012
We examined the relationship between implicit and explicit "exerciser" and "sedentary" self-identity when activated by stereotypes. Undergraduate participants (N = 141) wrote essays about university students who either liked to exercise or engage in sedentary activities. This was followed by an implicit identity task and an explicit measure of exercise ...
Küçükçakır Nurten - - 2013
The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of Pilates exercise program on pain, functional status and quality of life in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. The study was performed as a randomized, prospective, controlled and single-blind trial. PARTICIPATIONS: Seventy women (age range, 45-65 years) with the diagnosis of postmenopausal osteoporosis were ...
da Luz Protásio L - - 2012
To investigate, in male Wistar rats, the effects of long-term moderate red wine (RW) consumption (equivalent to ∼0.15 mg% resveratrol RS), or RS in low (L, 0.15 mg%) or high (H, 400 mg%) doses in chow. Both RW and RS exhibit cardioprotection. RS extends lifespan in obese rats. It is ...
Rohe Steven T - - 2012
Exercise-induced heat stroke is defined as core temperature greater than 104 degrees F (400 degrees C) accompanied by signs or symptoms of organ system failure, most commonly CNS dysfunction. Exertional heatstroke is a life-threatening emergency that requires immediate whole-body cooling for a satisfactory outcome. Cooling should be initiated and, in ...
Zavorsky Gerald S - - 2012
PURPOSE: Hyperventilation increases the clearance of carbon monoxide (CO) from blood, thus we hypothesised that CO elimination would be enhanced with exercise. Accordingly, this study examined the effect of exercise on the half-life of carboxyhemolobin elimination. METHODS: Six healthy subjects (3 males and 3 females) with mean (SD) ages of ...
Pearson Erin S - - 2013
Abstract Self-presentational concerns, shown to influence exercise-related cognitions and behaviours, are evaluated frequently in the absence of exercise or following a single bout of physical activity. The purpose of the present study was to examine longitudinally, the extent to which participating in a structured 12-week cardiovascular exercise intervention elicited changes ...
Finni T - - 2012
The time spent in sedentary behaviors has been shown to be independent of exercise in epidemiological studies. We examined within an individual whether exercise alters the time of muscular inactivity within his/her normal daily life. Quadriceps and hamstring muscle electromyographic activities and heart rate were measured during 1 to 6 ...
Muyor José M - - 2012
Objectives: To determine the effect of a stretching program performed in the workplace on the hamstring muscle extensibility and sagittal spinal posture of adult women. Material and methods: Fifty-eight adult women volunteers (mean age of 44.23 ± 8.87 years) from a private fruit and vegetable company were randomly assigned to ...
Zhang Yan - - 2012
Background. Osteoarthritis (OA) is more prevalent in women, particularly after menopausal age. Women are more likely to seek complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) approaches. We examined the feasibility of training self-administered acupressure exercise and assessed its impact on OA symptoms among women with knee OA. Methods. Thirty-six eligible postmenopausal women ...
Bulmer Sandra Minor - - 2012
Empirical data support the benefits of physical activity for women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer. However, the experience of exercising during or after breast cancer treatment has not been fully documented. The purpose of the researchers in this study was to provide an in-depth description of women's experiences ...
Clemson Lindy - - 2012
To determine whether a lifestyle integrated approach to balance and strength training is effective in reducing the rate of falls in older, high risk people living at home. Three arm, randomised parallel trial; assessments at baseline and after six and 12 months. Randomisation done by computer generated random blocks, stratified ...
Rosa José C - - 2011
Cytokines (IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α) are increased after exhaustive exercise in the retroperitoneal adipose tissue (RPAT) and mesenteric adipose tissue (MEAT). An exhaustive acute exercise protocol induces inflammation in adipose tissue that lasts 6 h after the exercise has ended. It is well-established that this protocol increases circulating plasma levels of ...
Matsuda F - - 2011
Exercise can be used to enhance neuroplasticity and facilitate motor recovery after a stroke in rats. We investigated whether treadmill running could reduce brain damage and enhance the expression of midkine (MK) and nerve growth factor (NGF), increase angiogenesis and decrease the expression of caspase-3. Seventy-seven Wistar rats were split ...
Beig Mirza I - - 2011
1. It is currently unknown whether long-term voluntary exercise has enduring cardioprotective effects in animal models. 2. The present study was conducted in three groups of rats: (i) sedentary controls (n = 6); (ii) 24 h runners (n = 8; unlimited access to running wheels); and (iii) 2 h runners ...
Ascensão António - - 2011
The use of DOX (doxorubicin), an antibiotic used in oncological treatments, is limited by a dose-related cardiotoxicity against which acute exercise is protective. However, the mitochondrial-related mechanisms of this protection remain unknown. Therefore the present study aimed to determine the effects of an acute endurance exercise bout performed 24 h ...
Irez Gonul Babayigit GB Mugla University, School of Physical Education and Sports , - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine if Pilates exercise could improve dynamic balance, flexibility, reaction time and muscle strength in order to reduce the number of falls among older women. 60 female volunteers over the age of 65 from a residential home in Ankara participated in this study. ...
Bain Anthony R - - 2011
Many thermal physiologists follow the conventional wisdom that physiological heat adaptations occur in the summer for people living in a humid continental climate (e.g. Central Canada, North-eastern and Mid-western United States and Eastern Europe); therefore experimentation across seasons is often avoided. However, since modern behavioral adaptations, such as air conditioning, ...
Pozzi Renan - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of acute exercise on genomic damage in an animal model. Male adult Wistar rats were divided into the following groups: control and acute exercised (experimental). For this purpose, 15 animals were accustomed to running on a rodent treadmill for 15 ...
Hopkins Michael E - - 2010
Previous studies indicate that physical exercise improves contextual fear memory, as evidenced by increased freezing behavior when rats are returned to a training environment that was initially paired with footshock. However, freezing behavior could also be affected by fatigue, especially because rats were tested shortly after the end of the ...
Sakurai T - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that exercise training reduced white adipose tissue (WAT) mass compared to that in sedentary controls, and that the smaller mass contained fewer adipocytes. However, the effect of exercise training on adipogenesis is not completely clear. Therefore, we re-examined the effect of exercise training on adipocyte numbers ...
Lin X - - 2010
We investigated the protective effect of Erythropoietin (EPO) analogue rHuEPO on renal injury induced by acute exhaustive exercise in the rat. Rats were randomly allocated to one of 3 groups: normal control (C), exhaustive exercise test (ET) and EPO pre-treatment (rHuEPO 2 000 U/kg) plus ET (EPO+ET). Compared with controls, ...
Lira F S - - 2010
The effects of endurance training on PGE (2) levels and upon the maximal activity of hepatic carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) system were studied in rats bearing the Walker 256 carciosarcoma. Animals were randomly assigned to a sedentary control (SC), sedentary tumor-bearing (ST), exercised control (EC), and as an exercised tumor-bearing (ET) ...
Uhlendorf Toni L - - 2011
Research has shown that physical exercise may reduce degeneration in certain brain regions experiencing ataxia. Our laboratory utilized mutant spastic Han-Wistar rats (sHW) that display developmental abnormalities, including spastic paresis, fore limb tremors, hind limb rigidity, and a reduced life span (60-65 days of age). Concomitant neurodegeneration has been observed ...
Choi Jung Hoon - - 2011
N-methyl-D: -aspartate receptor (NR) is involved in activity-dependent synaptic plasticity, such as associative long-term potentiation, and in related central functions, such as learning and memory. In this study, we observed effects of treadmill exercise on NR1 and doublecortin (DCX, a marker for neuroblast differentiation) in the subgranular zone of the ...
Hsu Ya-Wen - - 2011
Ghrelin and exercise have been known to stimulate the release of growth hormone which is related to the glucose metabolism. However, the age effects of exercise on ghrelin in energy consumption remain unclear. Young (3 month old) and middle-aged (12 month old) Sprague-Dawley male rats were overnight fasted, and then randomly partitioned ...
Lustosa Lygia P - - 2010
The decrease in muscle strength in older adults has an impact on functionality. Muscle strengthening programs have been proposed, however there is some controversy surrounding the effects of stretching prior to strengthening exercises on muscle strength gain. To verify the impact of static stretching on the gain in knee-extensor strength ...
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