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Results 101 - 150 of 1390
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Mason Caitlin - - 2013
Objective: Investigate the effects of 12 months of dietary weight loss and/or aerobic exercise on leukocyte telomere length in postmenopausal women. Design and Methods: 439 overweight or obese women (50-75 y) were randomized to: i) dietary weight loss (N=118); ii) aerobic exercise (N=117), iii) diet + exercise (N=117), or iv) ...
Billecke Scott S - - 2013
Background:Exercise provides numerous cardiovascular (CV) benefits to women; however, identifying women who are likely to sustain musculoskeletal injury or discomfort is important when tailoring exercise activities.Purpose:To evaluate factors associated with the incidence of injury in women at risk for CV disease (CVD) during their participation in a structured exercise intervention ...
Leone Lucia Andrea LA Dept of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2013
Obese women have lower levels of physical activity than nonobese women, but it is unclear what drives these differences. Mixed methods were used to understand why obese women have lower physical activity levels. Findings from focus groups with obese white women age 50 and older (N = 19) were used ...
Smith Alma J AJ Department of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55108, - - 2013
It is well accepted that exercise can decrease breast cancer risk. Limited clinical evidence suggests that this risk could be mediated through changes in estrogen metabolism in premenopausal women. Our objective was to investigate the effects of exercise on premenopausal estrogen metabolism pertinent to breast cancer risk. Sedentary, healthy, young ...
Juraskova Ilona I Centre for Medical Psychology & Evidence-based Decision-making (CeMPED), The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, - - 2013
Almost half of breast cancer survivors experience chronic sexual problems. Despite the negative effects of dyspareunia on physical and overall quality of life, sexual dysfunction remains underreported and undertreated in clinical practice. This is likely due to the paucity of evidence-based interventions to improve sexual functioning. The study aims to ...
Earnest Conrad P CP Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom. - - 2013
As an ancillary report to a large National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded trial, we examined the effects of 6 months of exercise training at 50%, 100%, and 150% of the NIH Consensus Recommendations for physical activity (i.e., 4, 8, and 12 kcal/kg of energy expenditure/wk [KKW]) versus a nonexercise control ...
Maddah Mohsen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Regular exercise is an important aspect of physical activity for people living in urban areas. We examined prevalence of regular exercise in leisure times and some related factors in middle aged men and women in northern Iran. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken on 1425 women and 676 men ...
Abildgaard Julie - - 2013
Objective: To examine if fat oxidation was affected by menopausal status and to investigate if this could be related to the oxidative capacity of skeletal muscle. Methods: Forty-one healthy women were enrolled in this cross-sectional study: Premenopausal (n=19), perimenopausal (n=8) and postmenopausal (n=14). Estimated insulin sensitivity was obtained from an ...
Mason Caitlin C Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, - - 2013
The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of 12 months of dietary weight loss and/or aerobic exercise on lean mass and the measurements defining sarcopenia in postmenopausal women and to examine the potential moderating effect of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and age. Four hundred thirty-nine overweight and ...
Gavin Kathleen M - - 2013
Estrogen has direct effects within adipose tissue and has been implicated in regional adiposity; however, the influence of estrogen on in vivo lipolysis is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of local estradiol (E2) on subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) lipolysis in premenopausal women. In vivo ...
Denise Fernandes Moreira Linda - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effects of an aquatic exercise program (HydrOS) on neuromuscular function and falls among postmenopausal women. METHODS: One hundred eight postmenopausal women (mean [SD] age, 58.8 [6.4] y) were randomly divided into the control group (CG; n = 44) and the aquatic exercise group ...
Groven Karen Synne - - 2013
This article critically explores the tension between perceptions of weight loss surgery as a last resort and as a tool. This tension stems from patients' doubt and insecurity whether expectations for a healthy life will come through. Thus, even after surgery, traditional weight loss methods, including diets and exercise, are ...
Swift Damon L DL Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA. - - 2013
African American (AA) women have an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease and have been reported to have lower cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) compared with Caucasian American (CA) women. However, little data exist that evaluate racial differences in the change in CRF following aerobic exercise training. CA (n = 264) and AA ...
Asano Miho - - 2013
Purpose: The primary objective of this study was to estimate the extent to which women and men with MS present different exercise barriers. The secondary objective was to estimate the extent to which women and men with MS present different perceived-health, depressive symptoms, and current exercise routines or preferences. Methods: ...
Sternfeld Barbara B Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA, United States. - - 2013
Behavioral strategies are recommended for menopausal symptoms, but little evidence exists regarding efficacy. Describe design and methodology of a randomized controlled 3 by 2 factorial trial of yoga, exercise and omega-3 fatty acids. Women from three geographic areas with a weekly average of ≥14 hot flashes/night sweats, who met exclusion/inclusion ...
Borello-France Diane D Department of Physical Therapy, Rangos School of Health Sciences, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA 15282, USA. - - 2013
First-line conservative treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women is behavioral intervention, including pelvic-floor muscle (PFM) exercise and bladder control strategies. The purposes of this study were: (1) to describe adherence and barriers to exercise and bladder control strategy adherence and (2) to identify predictors of exercise adherence. This ...
Ko Yi-Li - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an exercise programme for postpartum women to lose weight and relieve fatigue and depression. BACKGROUND: The optimal period for weight loss is six months postpartum. However, most women cannot return to their pre-pregnancy fitness level within that period of time. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental ...
Rutanen Reetta - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Menopause related symptoms modify quality of life and may also have an impact on work ability. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of physical exercise on work ability and daily strain among women with menopausal symptoms. METHODS: Occupationally active symptomatic menopausal women (n=123) were ...
Aragão Florbela - - 2013
Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the heart rate reserve (HRR) at first and second ventilatory thresholds (VT's) in postmenopausal women and compare it with optimal intensity range recommended by the ACSM (40-84%HRR). An additional aim was to evaluate whether a higher aerobic power level corresponded to ...
Mayer John M - - 2013
Firefighters are at increased risk for back injuries, which may be mitigated through exercise therapy to increase trunk muscle endurance. However, long-term adherence to exercise therapy is generally poor, limiting its potential benefits. Focus groups can be used to identify key barriers and facilitators to exercise adherence among study participants. ...
Sherman Karen J - - 2013
Although yoga is an effective treatment for chronic low back pain, little is known about the mechanisms responsible for its benefits. In a trial comparing yoga to intensive stretching and self-care, we explored whether physical (hours of back exercise/week), cognitive (fear avoidance, body awareness, and self-efficacy), affective (psychological distress, perceived ...
Adeniyi A F - - 2013
Physical exercise during postpartum period is beneficial to mothers, and the health gains are abundantly reported. This study characterises the postpartum exercise profile of a group of Nigerian women and reports how their exercise self-efficacies are influenced by sociodemographic characteristics. Participants were women attending the two largest postnatal clinics in ...
Beltrán-Carrillo Vicente J - - 2013
Numerous quantitative studies have illustrated the potential usefulness of exercise programs for women with fibromyalgia. However, a deeper understanding of the physical and especially psychosocial benefits of exercise therapy from the subjective perspective of this population is still needed. This study was conducted with 25 women who had fibromyalgia and ...
Kemmler Wolfgang - - 2013
In female subjects, ageing and the menopausal transition contribute to a rapid increase of metabolic and cardiac risk factors. Exercise may be an option to positively impact various risk factors prone to severe metabolic and cardiac diseases and events. This study was conducted to determine the long-term effect of a ...
Lee Haneul - - 2013
Women have a higher risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries compared to men. ACL elasticity and muscle flexibility are major risk factors for knee injuries. The presence of estrogen receptors in connective tissue allows estrogen to change the mechanical properties of muscles and ligaments. Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) ...
Davis Jennifer C JC Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2013
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represents a critical window to intervene against dementia. Exercise training is a promising intervention strategy, but the efficiency (i.e., relationship of costs and consequences) of such types of training remains unknown. Thus, we estimated the incremental cost-effectiveness of resistance training or aerobic training compared with balance ...
Kordi Ramin R Sport Medicine Research Center, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Pelvic girdle pain is a common complaint of pregnant women. There are limited data on comparison between the effectiveness of stabilizing exercises and lumbopelvic belt on the treatment of these patients. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of lumbopelvic belt plus information, home based pelvic girdle ...
Pérusse-Lachance Emilie E 0000-0001-6490-0794 Department of Physical Activity Sciences, University of Quebec, Trois-Rivieres, QC, Canada G9A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the acute effects of mental work and moderate-intensity physical activity on various components of energy balance in young and healthy adults. With the use of a randomized crossover design, 35 participants aged 24 ± 3 years completed three 45-min conditions, namely, (i) ...
Thomas Gwendolyn A GA Yale University, New Haven, CT, - - 2013
Objective. Breast cancer survivors are highly sedentary, overweight, or obese, which puts them at increased risk for comorbid chronic disease. We examined the prevalence of, and changes in, metabolic syndrome following 6 months of an aerobic exercise versus usual care intervention in a sample of sedentary postmenopausal breast cancer survivors. ...
Winters-Stone Kerri M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Women with cancer are significantly more likely to fall than women without cancer placing them at higher risk of fall-related fractures, other injuries and disability. Currently, no evidence-based fall prevention strategies exist that specifically target female cancer survivors. The purpose of the GET FIT (Group Exercise Training for ...
Carpenter Catherine L - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Accumulation of excess body fat increases breast cancer risk after menopause. Whether the localized breast is differently influenced by adipose tissue compared to the rest of the body, has not been well studied. Our purpose was to demonstrate feasibility and preliminarily evaluate serum-based and localized breast biomarker changes ...
Silveira Lílian Cristina da - - 2012
To verify if medium intensity exercise performed during pregnancy can influence in the type of delivery, and to observe compliance to an exercise program among primiparous women with different levels of schooling. A study carried out at the Centro de Incentivo ao Aleitamento Materno, in São Sebastiao (SP), between April ...
Seshadri Krishna G - - 2012
Elderly, obese women with diabetes who have limitations in mobility often are unable to walk for a sustained period of time. We need to find a way to increase physical activity in these subjects. To evaluate the effect of low-intensity, repetitive, home-based walking regimen on glycemic control in elderly, obese ...
Swift Damon L DL Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. - - 2012
Exercise training reduces adiposity and risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the combined effects of habitual free-living physical activity and aerobic training on waist circumference, weight, fitness, and blood pressure in postmenopausal women are unknown. To evaluate the effects of habitual physical activity levels during aerobic training on weight, waist circumference, ...
Gaston Anca - - 2012
Despite the benefits of exercise during pregnancy, many expectant mothers are inactive. This study examined whether augmenting a protection motivation theory (PMT) intervention with a Health Action Process Approach can enhance exercise behavior change among pregnant women. Sixty inactive pregnant women were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: ...
Beckie Theresa M - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise cessation is thought to reflect the rate of reestablishment of parasympathetic tone. Relatively little research has focused on improved HRR in women after completing cardiac rehabilitation (CR) exercise training. OBJECTIVE:: We examined the influence of exercise training on HRR in women completing a ...
Sakamoto Keizo K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Showa University School of Medicine, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8666, Japan. - - 2013
Maintaining or improving motor (balance) ability is essential to extending the healthy lifespan of elderly people, and developing effective and efficient strategies to prevent falls of elderly people is an urgent. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of balance exercise on fall and fracture prevention for ...
Olivier Nicolas - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: to determine whether erector spinae muscle oxygenation (OXY) and blood volume (BV) during a progressive isoinertial lifting evaluation (PILE) are modified by an exercise therapy program. DESIGN: pre (E1) and post (E2) exercise therapy experimental design. SETTING: Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 24 subjects with chronic low back pain (LBP group) and ...
Rydwik Elisabeth - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge regarding to what extent the older population meet the recommendations of physical exercise, especially fitness-enhancing exercise. This study assessed participation in health- and fitness-enhancing exercises in people aged >65, and explored to what extent the possible differences in meeting current recommendations differs by age, gender ...
Meyer C - - 2013
This study had two objectives. First, to determine links between levels of eating psychopathology and beliefs about exercise among young women. Second, to determine the predictive effects of unhealthy core beliefs on exercise beliefs. A convenience sample of 185 young female exercisers completed the Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI), the Exercise ...
Ramos Plínio Santos - - 2012
BACKGROUND: At the maximal Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET), several ventilatory variables are analyzed, including the ventilatory equivalent for oxygen (VE/VO2). The minimum VE/VO2 value reflects the best integration between the respiratory and cardiovascular systems and may be called "Cardiorespiratory Optimal Point (COP)". OBJECTIVE: To determine the behavior of the COP ...
Campbell Kristin L - - 2012
Research supports the use of exercise to improve quality of life and reduce the side effects of breast cancer treatment, such as fatigue and decreased aerobic capacity. Previously published reviews have focused on reporting the outcomes of exercise interventions, but have not critically examined the exercise prescriptions. The purpose of ...
Killgore William D S - - 2012
Previous research suggests that physical exercise may have beneficial effects on cognitive performance in children and the elderly, but little research has yet examined these associations in healthy adults. It was hypothesized that self-reported frequency and duration of physical exercise would correlate positively with measured intelligence on the Wechsler Abbreviated ...
Akazawa Nobuhiko - - 2012
Vascular endothelial function is declines with aging and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Lifestyle modification, particularly aerobic exercise and dietary adjustment, has a favorable effect on vascular aging. Curcumin is a major component of turmeric with known anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects. We investigated the effects of ...
Vaughan Sue - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Intervention studies testing the efficacy of cardiorespiratory exercise have shown some promise in terms of improving cognitive function in later life. Recent developments suggest that a multi-modal exercise intervention that includes motor as well as physical training and requires sustained attention and concentration, may better elicit the actual ...
Nascimento Simony L - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to provide an update on the recent evidence concerning exercise during pregnancy including effects for mother and fetus and the types, frequency, intensity, duration and rate of progression of exercise performed. RECENT FINDINGS: Exercises during pregnancy are associated with higher cardiorespiratory fitness, prevention of ...
Levisman Jeffrey M - - 2012
The exercise treadmill test (ETT) in women has been limited by a low positive predictive value (PPV) for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the reliability of previous studies was unsatisfactory because of the inclusion of younger women with a low prevalence of CAD. To further evaluate the diagnostic properties of ...
Nilsson Mats I - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise may be used in conjunction with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) to attenuate cardiovascular deconditioning, skeletal muscle wasting, and loss of motor function in Pompe disease (glycogen storage disease type II; GSDII), but the effects on lysosomal glycogen content and macroautophagy have not been defined to date. PURPOSE: ...
Wang Vicki N - - 2012
We evaluated the effect of endogenous estrogen levels on exercise-related changes in right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) of healthy, eumenorrheic, sedentary women. Volunteers were studied at two separates phases of the menstrual cycle (LO and HI estrogen phases), exercised on a semi-supine ergometer with escalating workload and monitored continuously by ...
Leenders Marika - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Resistance training has been well established as an effective treatment strategy to increase skeletal muscle mass and strength in the elderly. We assessed whether dietary protein supplementation can further augment the adaptive response to prolonged resistance type exercise training in healthy, elderly men and women. METHODS: Healthy, elderly men ...
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