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Results 101 - 150 of 1413
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van Gemert Willemijn Am - - 2013
Physical inactivity and overweight are two known risk factors for postmenopausal breast cancer. Former exercise intervention studies showed that physical activity influences sex hormone levels, known to be related to postmenopausal breast cancer, mainly when concordant loss of body weight was achieved. The question remains whether there is an additional ...
Cardoso Crivaldo Gomes CG - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the isolated and associated effects of oral estrogen therapy and aerobic training on cardiorespiratory fitness in postmenopausal women. Forty-two hysterectomized healthy postmenopausal women were randomly divided (in a double-blind manner) into four groups: placebo-control (n = 9), estrogen therapy-control (n = 12), ...
Saajanaho Milla - - 2013
This study investigated the associations of personal goals with exercise activity as well as the relationships between exercise-related and other personal goals among older women. Both cross-sectional and longitudinal design was used with a sample of 308 women aged 66 to 79 years at baseline. Women who reported exercise-related personal ...
Chung ChaeWeon C College of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, South - - 2013
Exercise is commonly recommended to women after breast cancer surgery, yet it is difficult for patients and health professionals to adopt safe and beneficial types and modes of exercise. Thus studies on exercise interventions targeting women with breast cancer treatment were systematically reviewed. The review process and quality assessment of ...
Del Rey-Moya Luz Maria - - 2013
To determine the effect of a seven-week-long, group-delivered, nurse-monitored, exercise training programme on the adherence of obese women to physical exercise routines at 12 months. The worldwide obesity epidemic is posing huge public health challenges. The main cause of obesity in Europe is very possibly a sedentary lifestyle. Uncertainty exists regarding ...
Kak Hwang-Bo HB Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu - - 2013
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine how compound physical activity affects muscular strength of middle-aged obese women. [Subjects] The research subjects were 40-50 year-old middle-aged women with excess body fat (30%). [Methods] The subjects were randomly assigned to two group, the experimental group and the control group. The ...
Paolillo F R - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objective: The present study evaluated the effects of infrared-light-emitting diode (LED) during treadmill training on functional performance. Methods: Thirty postmenopausal women aged 50 to 60 years were randomly assigned to one of three groups and successfully completed the full study. The three groups were: (i) the LED group, which ...
Sternfeld Barbara - - 2013
This study aims to determine the efficacy of exercise training for alleviating vasomotor and other menopausal symptoms. Late perimenopausal and postmenopausal sedentary women with frequent vasomotor symptoms (VMS) participated in a randomized controlled trial conducted in three sites: 106 women randomized to exercise and 142 women randomized to usual activity. ...
Haimov-Kochman Ronit - - 2013
To assess the association between demographic and lifestyle parameters and perceived severity of the climacteric syndrome in perimenopausal women. A cross-sectional study of 151 healthy women aged 45-55 years who attended the University Medical Center affiliated menopause clinics. The analysis was based on self completion of the Greene climacteric score, ...
Aragão F - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a 12-month exercise program on the body composition of postmenopausal women and examine the interaction of menopause characteristics (nature and time of menopause, hormone therapy) with exercise. Methods: A total of 158 postmenopausal Caucasian women were analyzed ...
Fallah Nader - - 2013
We investigated: (1) the effect of different targeted exercise training on an individual's overall probability for cognitive improvement, maintenance, or decline; and (2) the simultaneous effect of targeted exercise training and baseline function on the dynamics of executive functions when a multistate transition model is used. Analyses are based on ...
Neville Christine C School of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Queensland, Ipswich, Queensland, - - 2013
To explore the effects of a dementia-specific, aquatic exercise intervention on behavioural and psychological symptoms in people with dementia (BPSD). Residents from two aged care facilities in Queensland, Australia, received a 12-week intervention consisting of aquatic exercises for strength, agility, flexibility, balance and relaxation. The Psychological Well-Being in Cognitively Impaired ...
Jeon Ji Kyeng JK Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook - - 2013
[Purpose] This study investigated the muscle activity differences of three different lumbar stabilization exercises in a comparison of middle-aged and young women. [Subjects] Seventeen middle-aged women and fifteen young women were enrolled in this study. Patients with a history of any neurologic disorders, orthopedic disorders, or cardiopulmonary problems that would ...
Yoo Ha-Na HN Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of augmented reality-based Otago exercise on balance, gait, and falls efficacy of elderly women. [Subjects] The subjects were 21 elderly women, who were randomly divided into two groups: an augmented reality-based Otago exercise group of 10 subjects and an ...
Fisher Gordon G Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the optimal frequency of combined aerobic and resistance training for improving muscular strength (MS), cardiovascular fitness (CF), and functional tasks (FTs) in women older than 60 years. Sixty-three women were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 exercise training groups. Group 1 performed ...
Edvardsen Elisabeth E Department of Sports Medicine, The Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway. - - 2013
Existing reference values for clinical exercise testing have been derived from small nonrandom samples, lacking women and older individuals and some with poor or no maximal end criteria. The objective was to study the cardiorespiratory response during maximal exercise in a representative predominantly Caucasian sample of men and women. Nine ...
Shen T-W - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 10-week high-intermediate exercise intervention on heart rate variability/microscopic T-wave alternans (HRV/MTWA) in healthy postmenopausal women (PMW). 62 healthy PMW were recruited and randomly divided into an exercise group (EG, n=32) or a control group (CG, n=30). The EG ...
Mieczkowska J - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between sex hormones in blood and the occurrence of chest pain and degree of exercise capacity in postmenopausal women. Methods: Fifty-two postmenopausal women with chest pain in retrosternal area in history (group A) and 52 asymptomatic (group B) were ...
Froehle Andrew W - - 2013
Postmenopausal women experience an age-related decline in resting energy expenditure (REE), which is a risk factor for energy imbalance and metabolic disease. Exercise, because of its association with greater lean tissue mass and other factors, has the potential to mediate REE decline, but the relation between exercise and REE in ...
Figueroa Arturo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise training on arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity [PWV]), blood pressure (BP), and leg muscle function in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Twenty-five postmenopausal women with prehypertension and hypertension (mean [SE]; age, 56 [1] y; systolic BP, ...
Kim Hunkyung - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of a strength and balance enhancing exercise intervention as a means of preventing falls in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women with a history of falls, while comparing functional fitness, fall and fracture rate in excluded subjects. METHODS: A 1-year follow-up trial was carried out on 105 ...
Melton Bridget - - 2013
Though the positive link between physical activity and maternal health is well documented, physical activity declines during pregnancy and, internationally, rural mothers are less likely than urban mothers to engage in physical activity. Some evidence suggests that self-efficacy is related to sustained engagement in physical activity. The purpose of this ...
Ayres B - - 2013
Breast support reduces breast pain and movement during exercise, however, an extra layer of clothing may affect thermoregulation. This preliminary study investigated female upper body and breast skin temperature and thermal comfort following short-duration exercise. Eight female participants with C-cup breasts had thermal images (infra-red camera, FLIR systems) of the ...
Mason Caitlin - - 2013
Objective: Investigate the effects of 12 months of dietary weight loss and/or aerobic exercise on leukocyte telomere length in postmenopausal women. Design and Methods: 439 overweight or obese women (50-75 y) were randomized to: i) dietary weight loss (N=118); ii) aerobic exercise (N=117), iii) diet + exercise (N=117), or iv) ...
Billecke Scott S - - 2013
Background:Exercise provides numerous cardiovascular (CV) benefits to women; however, identifying women who are likely to sustain musculoskeletal injury or discomfort is important when tailoring exercise activities.Purpose:To evaluate factors associated with the incidence of injury in women at risk for CV disease (CVD) during their participation in a structured exercise intervention ...
Leone Lucia Andrea LA Dept of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2013
Obese women have lower levels of physical activity than nonobese women, but it is unclear what drives these differences. Mixed methods were used to understand why obese women have lower physical activity levels. Findings from focus groups with obese white women age 50 and older (N = 19) were used ...
Smith Alma J AJ Department of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55108, - - 2013
It is well accepted that exercise can decrease breast cancer risk. Limited clinical evidence suggests that this risk could be mediated through changes in estrogen metabolism in premenopausal women. Our objective was to investigate the effects of exercise on premenopausal estrogen metabolism pertinent to breast cancer risk. Sedentary, healthy, young ...
Juraskova Ilona I Centre for Medical Psychology & Evidence-based Decision-making (CeMPED), The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, - - 2013
Almost half of breast cancer survivors experience chronic sexual problems. Despite the negative effects of dyspareunia on physical and overall quality of life, sexual dysfunction remains underreported and undertreated in clinical practice. This is likely due to the paucity of evidence-based interventions to improve sexual functioning. The study aims to ...
Earnest Conrad P CP Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom. - - 2013
As an ancillary report to a large National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded trial, we examined the effects of 6 months of exercise training at 50%, 100%, and 150% of the NIH Consensus Recommendations for physical activity (i.e., 4, 8, and 12 kcal/kg of energy expenditure/wk [KKW]) versus a nonexercise control ...
Maddah Mohsen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Regular exercise is an important aspect of physical activity for people living in urban areas. We examined prevalence of regular exercise in leisure times and some related factors in middle aged men and women in northern Iran. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken on 1425 women and 676 men ...
Abildgaard Julie - - 2013
Objective: To examine if fat oxidation was affected by menopausal status and to investigate if this could be related to the oxidative capacity of skeletal muscle. Methods: Forty-one healthy women were enrolled in this cross-sectional study: Premenopausal (n=19), perimenopausal (n=8) and postmenopausal (n=14). Estimated insulin sensitivity was obtained from an ...
Mason Caitlin C Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, - - 2013
The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of 12 months of dietary weight loss and/or aerobic exercise on lean mass and the measurements defining sarcopenia in postmenopausal women and to examine the potential moderating effect of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and age. Four hundred thirty-nine overweight and ...
Gavin Kathleen M - - 2013
Estrogen has direct effects within adipose tissue and has been implicated in regional adiposity; however, the influence of estrogen on in vivo lipolysis is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of local estradiol (E2) on subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) lipolysis in premenopausal women. In vivo ...
Denise Fernandes Moreira Linda - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effects of an aquatic exercise program (HydrOS) on neuromuscular function and falls among postmenopausal women. METHODS: One hundred eight postmenopausal women (mean [SD] age, 58.8 [6.4] y) were randomly divided into the control group (CG; n = 44) and the aquatic exercise group ...
Groven Karen Synne - - 2013
This article critically explores the tension between perceptions of weight loss surgery as a last resort and as a tool. This tension stems from patients' doubt and insecurity whether expectations for a healthy life will come through. Thus, even after surgery, traditional weight loss methods, including diets and exercise, are ...
Swift Damon L DL Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA. - - 2013
African American (AA) women have an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease and have been reported to have lower cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) compared with Caucasian American (CA) women. However, little data exist that evaluate racial differences in the change in CRF following aerobic exercise training. CA (n = 264) and AA ...
Asano Miho - - 2013
Purpose: The primary objective of this study was to estimate the extent to which women and men with MS present different exercise barriers. The secondary objective was to estimate the extent to which women and men with MS present different perceived-health, depressive symptoms, and current exercise routines or preferences. Methods: ...
Sternfeld Barbara B Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA, United States. - - 2013
Behavioral strategies are recommended for menopausal symptoms, but little evidence exists regarding efficacy. Describe design and methodology of a randomized controlled 3 by 2 factorial trial of yoga, exercise and omega-3 fatty acids. Women from three geographic areas with a weekly average of ≥14 hot flashes/night sweats, who met exclusion/inclusion ...
Borello-France Diane D Department of Physical Therapy, Rangos School of Health Sciences, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA 15282, USA. - - 2013
First-line conservative treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women is behavioral intervention, including pelvic-floor muscle (PFM) exercise and bladder control strategies. The purposes of this study were: (1) to describe adherence and barriers to exercise and bladder control strategy adherence and (2) to identify predictors of exercise adherence. This ...
Ko Yi-Li - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an exercise programme for postpartum women to lose weight and relieve fatigue and depression. BACKGROUND: The optimal period for weight loss is six months postpartum. However, most women cannot return to their pre-pregnancy fitness level within that period of time. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental ...
Rutanen Reetta - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Menopause related symptoms modify quality of life and may also have an impact on work ability. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of physical exercise on work ability and daily strain among women with menopausal symptoms. METHODS: Occupationally active symptomatic menopausal women (n=123) were ...
Aragão Florbela - - 2013
Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the heart rate reserve (HRR) at first and second ventilatory thresholds (VT's) in postmenopausal women and compare it with optimal intensity range recommended by the ACSM (40-84%HRR). An additional aim was to evaluate whether a higher aerobic power level corresponded to ...
Mayer John M - - 2013
Firefighters are at increased risk for back injuries, which may be mitigated through exercise therapy to increase trunk muscle endurance. However, long-term adherence to exercise therapy is generally poor, limiting its potential benefits. Focus groups can be used to identify key barriers and facilitators to exercise adherence among study participants. ...
Sherman Karen J - - 2013
Although yoga is an effective treatment for chronic low back pain, little is known about the mechanisms responsible for its benefits. In a trial comparing yoga to intensive stretching and self-care, we explored whether physical (hours of back exercise/week), cognitive (fear avoidance, body awareness, and self-efficacy), affective (psychological distress, perceived ...
Adeniyi A F - - 2013
Physical exercise during postpartum period is beneficial to mothers, and the health gains are abundantly reported. This study characterises the postpartum exercise profile of a group of Nigerian women and reports how their exercise self-efficacies are influenced by sociodemographic characteristics. Participants were women attending the two largest postnatal clinics in ...
Beltrán-Carrillo Vicente J - - 2013
Numerous quantitative studies have illustrated the potential usefulness of exercise programs for women with fibromyalgia. However, a deeper understanding of the physical and especially psychosocial benefits of exercise therapy from the subjective perspective of this population is still needed. This study was conducted with 25 women who had fibromyalgia and ...
Kemmler Wolfgang - - 2013
In female subjects, ageing and the menopausal transition contribute to a rapid increase of metabolic and cardiac risk factors. Exercise may be an option to positively impact various risk factors prone to severe metabolic and cardiac diseases and events. This study was conducted to determine the long-term effect of a ...
Lee Haneul - - 2013
Women have a higher risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries compared to men. ACL elasticity and muscle flexibility are major risk factors for knee injuries. The presence of estrogen receptors in connective tissue allows estrogen to change the mechanical properties of muscles and ligaments. Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) ...
Davis Jennifer C JC Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2013
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represents a critical window to intervene against dementia. Exercise training is a promising intervention strategy, but the efficiency (i.e., relationship of costs and consequences) of such types of training remains unknown. Thus, we estimated the incremental cost-effectiveness of resistance training or aerobic training compared with balance ...
Kordi Ramin R Sport Medicine Research Center, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Pelvic girdle pain is a common complaint of pregnant women. There are limited data on comparison between the effectiveness of stabilizing exercises and lumbopelvic belt on the treatment of these patients. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of lumbopelvic belt plus information, home based pelvic girdle ...
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