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Results 51 - 100 of 1390
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Ribeiro Subbappa - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a neurodegenerative disease of motor neurons, experience cramps at all stages of the illness. There is, at present, no effective medication to control the cramps and no agreement on how to treat the symptom in ALS patients. Subjects: Three individuals who were ...
Tanahashi Koichiro - - 2013
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, increase with advancing age and menopausal status. ADMA plays a role in endothelial dysfunction and increasing arterial stiffness. Regular aerobic exercise has a positive effect on arterial function (i.e., arterial compliance). This study investigated the effects of aerobic exercise training ...
Sá Maria José - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an incurable disease, and despite current pharmacologic treatment being effective in reducing relapse rates and lesion burden, there is little evidence that these treatments work as effectively in preventing disability progression. In such cases, non-pharmacologic techniques such as exercise therapy with rehabilitation purposes may play an ...
Marcell Taylor J - - 2013
Age-associated loss of muscle mass (sarcopenia) and strength (dynapenia) is associated with a loss of independence that contributes to falls, fractures, and nursing home admissions, while regular physical activity has been suggested to offset these losses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of habitual endurance exercise ...
Gardner Andrew W - - 2013
It is not clear whether subgroups of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and claudication respond more favorably to exercise rehabilitation than others. We determined whether sex and diabetes were factors associated with the response to exercise rehabilitation in patients with claudication. Eighty patients were randomized to home-based and supervised ...
Reed Susan D - - 2013
Determine efficacy of three non-hormonal therapies for improving menopause-related quality of life (QOL) in women with vasomotor symptoms (VMS). 12-week 3x2 randomized, controlled, factorial design trial. Peri- and postmenopausal women, ages 40-62 years, were randomized to yoga (n=107), exercise (n=106), or usual activity (n=142), and also randomized to double-blind comparison ...
Kretzschmar Jan - - 2013
African-American women represent an understudied population in menopause research yet face greater postmenopausal challenges associated with mortality than their white peers. We investigated the effects of a mild-intensity aerobic exercise training program on markers of mortality risk in both premenopausal and postmenopausal African-American women. Sixteen premenopausal women and 19 postmenopausal ...
Ablin Jacob N JN Institute of Rheumatology, Sourasky Medical Center, and Tel Aviv University faculty of Medicine, Israel. - - 2013
Exposure to acute 'stressors' (e.g. infections, pain, trauma) often results in altered sleep habits and reductions in routine activity. In some individuals, these behavioural responses to acute stressors may contribute to the development of chronic somatic symptoms such as widespread pain, fatigue, memory difficulties and mood disturbances, much like those ...
Cadmus-Bertram Lisa Anne - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to (a) examine demographic, psychosocial, and physiological predictors of exercise adherence in a yearlong exercise intervention and (b) describe the trajectory of adherence over time. Participants were 51 men and 49 women aged 40-75 years. The supervised- and home-based intervention consisted of 60 minutes/day, ...
Kahlin Yvonne - - 2013
Physical activity and sport participation often decline during adolescence. To investigate if physical exercise during six months could lead to a positive behaviour of physical activity, improve physical fitness and self-related health in physically inactive female high school students. A prospective cluster-randomized controlled intervention study included 104 physically inactive female ...
Moussouli Maria - - 2013
The study examined the effects of a 4-week intensive isometric and isotonic stabilization exercise program on dimensions of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in women with chronic low back pain (CLBP). A total of 39 women (27-72 years old) provided data in an experimental study with a 9-month follow-up. Random ...
Cadeddu Christian - - 2013
Cardiac syndrome X (CSX) is characterized by typical angina and abnormal exercise test results, with normal coronary arteries. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging has shown subendocardial hypoperfusion in patients with CSX after adenosine. The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of separate myocardial layers to global function under ...
Wong A - - 2013
The augmentation index (AIx, a marker of wave reflection) is reduced and peripheral artery vasodilation increased following acute stretching exercise. We examined the effects of stretching training (ST) on arterial function, blood pressure (BP) and sympathetic vasomotor modulation. Twenty-eight obese postmenopausal women (57±1 years) were randomized to a ST (n=14) ...
Zacharia Susan S University of Oklahoma, Norman, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an 8-week Tai Chi Chih exercise program on physical functional performance (PFP) among women aged 45 to 65 years. A quasi-experimental design with a nonequivalent comparison group was used. Forty-one healthy inactive women were assigned to either an intervention ...
Fitzsimmons-Craft Ellen E - - 2013
This study examined the one-year temporal stability and the predictive and incremental validity of the Body, Eating, and Exercise Comparison Measure (BEECOM) in a sample of 237 college women who completed study measures at two time points about one year apart. One-year temporal stability was high for the BEECOM total ...
Moreau Kerrie L - - 2013
Objective:In contrast to age-matched men, endurance exercise training is not consistently associated with enhanced endothelial function in estrogen-deficient postmenopausal women. We determined whether endurance exercise training improves endothelial function in postmenopausal women treated with estrogen. In a substudy, we determined if oxidative stress is mechanistically linked to endothelial function adaptations ...
Heaney J L J - - 2013
The present study examined the relationship between habitual physical activity, life events stress, the diurnal rhythms of cortisol and DHEA, and the cortisol: dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) ratio in older adults. Thirty six participants aged ≥ 65 reported their habitual physical activity, and indicated if a particular event happened to them in ...
Cook Brian - - 2013
The purpose of our study was to examine exercise dependence (EXD) in a large community-based sample of runners. The secondary purpose of this study was to examine differences in EXD symptoms between primary and secondary EXD. Our sample included 2660 runners recruited from a local road race (M age = ...
Bombardier Eric - - 2013
We examined the influence of estrogen receptor-alpha (ERα) activation on estrogen-mediated regulation of heat shock proteins 70 (Hsp70) and 27 (Hsp27) in soleus. Ovariectomized rats received estrogen (EST), an ERα agonist (propyl pyrazole triol, PPT), both (EST+PPT), or a sham, and they served as either unexercised controls or were subjected ...
Choi Seok-Hwa SH Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] This study examined the clinical usefulness of shoulder stability exercises and the effect of stability exercise on the shoulder pain of middle-aged women. [Subjects] Twenty-two middle-aged female subjects were randomly divided into two groups: a shoulder stability exercise group (Experimental group, n=11) and a control group (n=11). [Methods] Subjects ...
Nascimento S L - - 2013
For women of reproductive age, excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) and/or postpartum weight retention can increase the risk of obesity. This systematic review evaluates the effectiveness of lifestyle modification control trials that utilize exercise interventions, with or without dietary intervention, on weight loss among postpartum women. A search of randomized ...
Marcell Taylor J - - 2013
Age-associated loss of muscle mass (sarcopenia) and strength (dynapenia) is associated with a loss of independence that contributes to falls, fractures, and nursing home admissions, while regular physical activity has been suggested to offset these losses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of habitual endurance exercise ...
Mortensen Jesper - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Little is known of Motion-Controlled Video Games (MCVGs) as an intervention for people with chronic pain. The aim of this study was to explore the experience women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) had, using commercially available MCVGs; and to investigate indicators of symptom severity and performance of activities of ...
Alkhatib Ahmad - - 2013
This study tested the potential risk-reduction benefits of Mediterranean Diet (MD) and regular exercise training on microvascular activity and cardiorespiratory capacity in postmenopausal women. Fifteen sedentary postmenopausal participants (age = 54.6 ± 3.6) were randomised into either exercise training or exercise combined with following MD for eight-weeks, and were assessed ...
Spector Denise - - 2013
Purpose/Objectives: To determine whether women with breast cancer were meeting current physical activity recommendations and to describe perceptions of exercise self-efficacy, exercise benefits and barriers, and perceptions of environmental supports for physical activity by race or ethnicity.Design: Cross-sectional survey.Setting: Community wellness workshops held in various locations in central and eastern ...
Rezvani Saeideh S MSc of Exercise Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch, Department of Physical Education and Sport sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Primary dysmenorrhoea without any specific pelvic disease is one of the common complaints in women`s medicine. The general purpose of this research is to define the effects of 12-week aquatic exercises on nonathletic girls' primary dysmenorrhoea. This quasi-experimental was conducted on 40 nonathletic girls aged 18-25 years. Data gathering tools ...
Daley Amanda J - - 2013
Evidence suggests that a high proportion of perimenopausal and postmenopausal women experience vasomotor symptoms (hot flushes/night sweats) that can be severe and disruptive and which are the principal reason for seeking medical intervention. Hormone therapy (HT) is known to be an effective treatment for troublesome hot flushes/night sweats but research ...
van Gemert Willemijn Am - - 2013
Physical inactivity and overweight are two known risk factors for postmenopausal breast cancer. Former exercise intervention studies showed that physical activity influences sex hormone levels, known to be related to postmenopausal breast cancer, mainly when concordant loss of body weight was achieved. The question remains whether there is an additional ...
Cardoso Crivaldo Gomes CG - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the isolated and associated effects of oral estrogen therapy and aerobic training on cardiorespiratory fitness in postmenopausal women. Forty-two hysterectomized healthy postmenopausal women were randomly divided (in a double-blind manner) into four groups: placebo-control (n = 9), estrogen therapy-control (n = 12), ...
Saajanaho Milla - - 2013
This study investigated the associations of personal goals with exercise activity as well as the relationships between exercise-related and other personal goals among older women. Both cross-sectional and longitudinal design was used with a sample of 308 women aged 66 to 79 years at baseline. Women who reported exercise-related personal ...
Chung ChaeWeon C College of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, South - - 2013
Exercise is commonly recommended to women after breast cancer surgery, yet it is difficult for patients and health professionals to adopt safe and beneficial types and modes of exercise. Thus studies on exercise interventions targeting women with breast cancer treatment were systematically reviewed. The review process and quality assessment of ...
Del Rey-Moya Luz Maria - - 2013
To determine the effect of a seven-week-long, group-delivered, nurse-monitored, exercise training programme on the adherence of obese women to physical exercise routines at 12 months. The worldwide obesity epidemic is posing huge public health challenges. The main cause of obesity in Europe is very possibly a sedentary lifestyle. Uncertainty exists regarding ...
Kak Hwang-Bo HB Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu - - 2013
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine how compound physical activity affects muscular strength of middle-aged obese women. [Subjects] The research subjects were 40-50 year-old middle-aged women with excess body fat (30%). [Methods] The subjects were randomly assigned to two group, the experimental group and the control group. The ...
Paolillo F R - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objective: The present study evaluated the effects of infrared-light-emitting diode (LED) during treadmill training on functional performance. Methods: Thirty postmenopausal women aged 50 to 60 years were randomly assigned to one of three groups and successfully completed the full study. The three groups were: (i) the LED group, which ...
Sternfeld Barbara - - 2013
This study aims to determine the efficacy of exercise training for alleviating vasomotor and other menopausal symptoms. Late perimenopausal and postmenopausal sedentary women with frequent vasomotor symptoms (VMS) participated in a randomized controlled trial conducted in three sites: 106 women randomized to exercise and 142 women randomized to usual activity. ...
Haimov-Kochman Ronit - - 2013
To assess the association between demographic and lifestyle parameters and perceived severity of the climacteric syndrome in perimenopausal women. A cross-sectional study of 151 healthy women aged 45-55 years who attended the University Medical Center affiliated menopause clinics. The analysis was based on self completion of the Greene climacteric score, ...
Aragão F - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a 12-month exercise program on the body composition of postmenopausal women and examine the interaction of menopause characteristics (nature and time of menopause, hormone therapy) with exercise. Methods: A total of 158 postmenopausal Caucasian women were analyzed ...
Fallah Nader - - 2013
We investigated: (1) the effect of different targeted exercise training on an individual's overall probability for cognitive improvement, maintenance, or decline; and (2) the simultaneous effect of targeted exercise training and baseline function on the dynamics of executive functions when a multistate transition model is used. Analyses are based on ...
Neville Christine C School of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Queensland, Ipswich, Queensland, - - 2013
To explore the effects of a dementia-specific, aquatic exercise intervention on behavioural and psychological symptoms in people with dementia (BPSD). Residents from two aged care facilities in Queensland, Australia, received a 12-week intervention consisting of aquatic exercises for strength, agility, flexibility, balance and relaxation. The Psychological Well-Being in Cognitively Impaired ...
Jeon Ji Kyeng JK Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook - - 2013
[Purpose] This study investigated the muscle activity differences of three different lumbar stabilization exercises in a comparison of middle-aged and young women. [Subjects] Seventeen middle-aged women and fifteen young women were enrolled in this study. Patients with a history of any neurologic disorders, orthopedic disorders, or cardiopulmonary problems that would ...
Yoo Ha-Na HN Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of augmented reality-based Otago exercise on balance, gait, and falls efficacy of elderly women. [Subjects] The subjects were 21 elderly women, who were randomly divided into two groups: an augmented reality-based Otago exercise group of 10 subjects and an ...
Fisher Gordon G Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the optimal frequency of combined aerobic and resistance training for improving muscular strength (MS), cardiovascular fitness (CF), and functional tasks (FTs) in women older than 60 years. Sixty-three women were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 exercise training groups. Group 1 performed ...
Edvardsen Elisabeth E Department of Sports Medicine, The Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway. - - 2013
Existing reference values for clinical exercise testing have been derived from small nonrandom samples, lacking women and older individuals and some with poor or no maximal end criteria. The objective was to study the cardiorespiratory response during maximal exercise in a representative predominantly Caucasian sample of men and women. Nine ...
Shen T-W - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 10-week high-intermediate exercise intervention on heart rate variability/microscopic T-wave alternans (HRV/MTWA) in healthy postmenopausal women (PMW). 62 healthy PMW were recruited and randomly divided into an exercise group (EG, n=32) or a control group (CG, n=30). The EG ...
Mieczkowska J - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between sex hormones in blood and the occurrence of chest pain and degree of exercise capacity in postmenopausal women. Methods: Fifty-two postmenopausal women with chest pain in retrosternal area in history (group A) and 52 asymptomatic (group B) were ...
Froehle Andrew W - - 2013
Postmenopausal women experience an age-related decline in resting energy expenditure (REE), which is a risk factor for energy imbalance and metabolic disease. Exercise, because of its association with greater lean tissue mass and other factors, has the potential to mediate REE decline, but the relation between exercise and REE in ...
Figueroa Arturo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise training on arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity [PWV]), blood pressure (BP), and leg muscle function in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Twenty-five postmenopausal women with prehypertension and hypertension (mean [SE]; age, 56 [1] y; systolic BP, ...
Kim Hunkyung - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of a strength and balance enhancing exercise intervention as a means of preventing falls in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women with a history of falls, while comparing functional fitness, fall and fracture rate in excluded subjects. METHODS: A 1-year follow-up trial was carried out on 105 ...
Melton Bridget - - 2013
Though the positive link between physical activity and maternal health is well documented, physical activity declines during pregnancy and, internationally, rural mothers are less likely than urban mothers to engage in physical activity. Some evidence suggests that self-efficacy is related to sustained engagement in physical activity. The purpose of this ...
Ayres B - - 2013
Breast support reduces breast pain and movement during exercise, however, an extra layer of clothing may affect thermoregulation. This preliminary study investigated female upper body and breast skin temperature and thermal comfort following short-duration exercise. Eight female participants with C-cup breasts had thermal images (infra-red camera, FLIR systems) of the ...
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