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Rodgers Wendy M WM a University of - - 2014
This article examined the conceptual and statistical distinction between perceived competence and self-efficacy. Although they are frequently used interchangeably, it is possible that distinguishing them might assist researchers in better understanding their roles in developing enduring adaptive behavior patterns. Perceived competence is conceived in the theoretical framework of self-determination theory ...
Colado Juan C JC Research Group in Sport and Health, University of Valencia , Valencia, - - 2014
The construct and concurrent validity of the Thera-Band Perceived Exertion Scale for Resistance Exercise with elastic bands (EB) was examined. Twenty subjects performed two separate sets of 15 repetitions of both frontal and lateral raise exercise over two sessions. The criterion variables were myoelectric activity and heart rate. One set ...
Kheawwan Pataraporn P Pataraporn Kheawwan, MSN, APN Advanced Practice Nurse, Department of Nursing, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Waraporn Chaiyawat, DNS, NP Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. Yupin Aungsuroch, PhD, RN Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. Yow-Wu Bill Wu, PhD Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University at Buffalo, State University of New - - 2014
Readiness to change plays a significant role in patient adherence to an exercise regimen; thus, accurate assessment of readiness to change is necessary to direct interventions. To date, an accurate scale for measuring readiness to exercise after cardiac surgery is not available. The purpose of this study was to develop ...
Yázigi Flavia F Univ Lisboa, Fac Motricidade Humana, CIPER, LBMF, P-1499-002, Lisbon, - - 2014
Self-report questionnaires are still considered to be a useful instrument for disease screening and for epidemiological studies. Few questionnaires have been developed for the purpose of screening for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). The aim of this study was to develop a KOA screening tool that is useful for health and exercise ...
James C A CA Exercise in Extreme Environments Research Group, University of Brighton, Welkin House, Denton Road, Eastbourne BN20 7SN, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
New technologies afford convenient modalities for skin temperature (TSKIN) measurement, notably involving wireless telemetry and non-contact infrared thermometry. The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of skin temperature measurements using a telemetry thermistor system (TT) and thermal camera (TC) during exercise in a hot environment. ...
Walker Gwen - - 2014
With the onus on healthcare providers and their staff to protect patients against all elements of 'avoidable harm' perhaps never greater, Gwen Walker, a highly experienced infection prevention control nurse specialist, and David Williams, MD of Approved Air, who has 30 years' experience in validation and verification of ventilation and ...
Falzon Charlène C a Laboratory of Human Motricity, Education Sport and Health - EA 6309 , University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis and University of Toulon-Var , - - 2014
Abstract The objective of this study was to develop and validate a French-language questionnaire measuring stereotypes related to exercise in cancer patients: The "Cancer Exercise Stereotypes Scale" (CESS). Four successive steps were carried out with 806 participants. First, a preliminary version was developed on the basis of the relevant literature ...
Whiteside David D 1School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan 2Department of Athletics, University of - - 2014
Although inter-and intra-tester reliability has been a common theme in Functional Movement Screen (FMS) research, the criterion validity of manual grading is yet to be comprehensively examined. This study aimed to compare the FMS scores assigned by a certified FMS tester to those measured by an objective inertial-based motion capture ...
Moshier Samantha J SJ a Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences , Boston University , Boston , MA 02461 , United States , aaronjlandau@gmail.com , bhearon@bu.edu , atstein@bu.edu leeg202@bu.edu - - 2014
Abstract Compensatory eating in response to exercise may be an obstacle to achieving weight loss and fitness goals, yet little is known about how individuals perceive and explain their eating behaviors in response to exercise. In this study we develop and conduct preliminary examination of the psychometric properties of the ...
Bates Melissa L ML Department of Pediatrics, Critical Care Division and the John Rankin Laboratory of Pulmonary Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of - - 2014
Intrapulmonary arteriovenous anastomoses (IPAVs) are large diameter connections that allow blood to bypass the lung capillaries and may provide a route for right-to-left embolus transmission. These anastomoses are recruited by exercise and catecholamines and hypoxia. Yet, whether IPAVs are recruited via direct, oxygen sensitive regulatory mechanisms or indirect effects secondary ...
Valle Xavier X F.C. Barcelona Medical Services, Barcelona, Spain ; Sports Medicine School, University of Barcelona, Spain ; Clinica Mapfre de Medicina del Tenis, Barcelona, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of a compression garment as DOMS prevention. This was accomplished by provoking a DOMS in 15 athletes, running on a treadmill at 73% of their maximal aerobic velocity, during 40 minutes with a 10% negative slope; wearing the compression garments ...
Paglialonga Fabio - - 2013
Pediatric patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD) are at high risk of inactivity and poor physical fitness. The aim of this study was to assess the main correlates of exercise capacity in a cohort of children and young adults on chronic HD. Twelve patients on chronic HD (median age 15.6 years; range ...
Barker Tyler - - 2013
The primary purpose of this study was to identify if serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations predict muscular weakness after intense exercise. We hypothesized that pre-exercise serum 25(OH)D concentrations inversely predict exercise-induced muscular weakness. Fourteen recreationally active adults participated in this study. Each subject had one leg randomly assigned as a ...
Magnard Justine J ECHO Nantes, Centre de dialyse Laënnec, 23, rue des Piliers de la Chauvinière, 448000 Saint Herblain, France. - - 2013
Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is common in hemodialysis patients and is a powerful predictor of morbidity and mortality. Although much progress has been made in recent years in identifying the causes and pathogenesis of PEW in hemodialysis patients, actual management by nutritional interventions is not always able to correct PEW. Some ...
Previderè C - - 2012
The 2011 collaborative exercise of the ISFG Italian Working Group GeFI was aimed at validating the five ENFSI/EDNAP miniSTR loci D1S1656, D2S441, D10S1248, D12S391 and D22S1045. The protocol required to type at least 50 multilocus profiles from locally resident individuals and two blind bloodstains in duplicate (i.e., using at least ...
Palatini P - - 2012
Sedentary habits are largely responsible for the alarming rise in the prevalence of hypertension among young individuals. Regular aerobic exercise has been shown to reduce not only blood pressure (BP) in resting conditions but also BP reactivity to stressors. Much less is known about the long-term effects of physical activity ...
Jin Young-Joo - - 2012
Background/Aims:  We evaluated efficacy of exercise and diet modification for steatosis improvement of nonobese nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients. Methods:  We analyzed retrospectively the clinical and histological parameters of consecutive living liver donors, who experienced repeated liver biopsies due to steatosis and were treated using exercise and diet modification. ...
Donal Erwan - - 2012
AIMS: Left ventricular (LV) end-systolic diameter and LV ejection fraction (LVEF) are correlated with postoperative LVEF and prognosis in patients with organic mitral regurgitation (MR). However, in some patients, the LVEF does not return to normal 6 months postoperatively, despite normal preoperative diameters. Thus, our study aimed to evaluate whether ...
Mora-Rodriguez Ricardo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The fear for adverse effects of blood donation on subsequent exercise may prevent physically active people from donating. We studied the impact of a standard blood bank donation (i.e., 450-mL blood withdrawal) on the thermoregulatory and cardiovascular responses to prolonged exercise in the heat. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Eight ...
Kubo Keitaro - - 2012
We investigated the effects of two types of nonweight-bearing exercise on changes in bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) and procollagen type 1 C-peptide (PIP). BAP is a specific marker of bone synthesis, whereas P1P reflects synthesis of type 1 collagen in other organs as well as bone. Eight participants performed static ...
Filho Irineu Loturco - - 2012
This study aimed to compare the effects of distinct temporal organizations of strength and power training loads on strength, power, and speed improvements. Sixty soldiers with at least one year in the army volunteered for this study. The subjects were divided into four groups: control group (CG: n = 15; ...
Rao Rohit P - - 2012
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) provides assessment of the integrative responses involving the pulmonary, cardiovascular, and skeletal muscle systems. Application of exercise testing remains limited to children who are able to understand and cooperate with the exercise protocol. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) provides a noninvasive, continuous method to monitor regional tissue oxygenation ...
Bagatto B - - 2012
The adult phenotype of an organism is the result of its genotype, the environment, and the interaction between the two. Assessing the relative contribution of these factors to the final adult phenotype continues to occupy researchers. Studies have shown clutch effects early in development but few have investigated the persistence ...
Martins Renato Almeida - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise in multiple organs of rats treated with doxorubicin. Male adult Wistar rats were distributed into the following groups: sedentary + NaCl; exercise + NaCl; sedentary + doxorubicin; and exercise + doxorubicin. Animals were sacrificed 2 days following injections. Central ...
Morris J Glenn JG - - 2012
The use of tabletop exercises as a tool in emergency preparedness and response has proven to be an effective means of assessing readiness for unexpected events. Whereas most exercise developers target a population in a defined space (eg, state, county, metropolitan area, hospital), the Southeastern Center for Emerging Biologic Threats ...
Buendía-Fuentes Francisco - - 2012
Functional results after heart transplantation range from modest to spectacular improvement. Little is known about factors to predict functional result. This study aimed to identify these factors. We present a prospective study including all consecutive transplant recipients (n = 55) in a two-year period whose survival was greater than two ...
Königsrainer Ingmar - - 2012
Subsequent to prolonged exhausting exercise a transient immunosuppression is often observed in athletes. This so-called "open window" results in a reduced resistance of the athletes to viral and bacterial infections after an exhaustive exercise bout. Concerning the effect of bacterial endotoxin contact after exhausting exercise in transplant recipients, who are ...
de Bruijn Gert-Jan - - 2012
Both habit strength and action planning have been found to moderate the intention-exercise behaviour relationship, but no research exists that has investigated how habit strength and action planning simultaneously influence this relationship. The present study was designed to explore this issue in a prospective sample of undergraduate students (N = ...
Nogueira Antonio de C Ade - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of concentric with eccentric muscle actions on the resulting level of damage to connective tissues by urinary concentration of hydroxyproline. Twenty-one male volunteers were divided into control group (CG), experimental concentric group (ECG), and experimental eccentric group (EEG). The measures ...
Pereira Gleber - - 2011
The aims of this study were (a) to assess the ability of the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) to predict performance (i.e. number of vertical jumps performed to a fixed jump height) of an intermittent vertical jump exercise, and (b) to determine the ability of RPE to describe the physiological ...
de la Cruz-Campos J C - - 2011
Background The resting ECG can detect many cardiac abnormalities, but high levels of training to which athletes are subjected can trigger episodes of abnormal heart function, which should be evaluated by means of long-term records. Objective The purpose of the study was to detect the frequency and nature of rhythmic ...
Raffaelli C - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare different measurement techniques (indirect calorimetry, IC; heart rate monitoring, HR; an activity monitoring system, AH; rates of perceived exertion, RPE) to estimate physical activity intensity (light, moderate, vigorous) during water-based aerobic exercises (WE). Twelve healthy young women performed five common WE of ...
de Groot Janke F - - 2011
BACKGROUND: . Many ambulatory children with spina bifida (SB) decline in their walking despite stable or even improved motor function. OBJECTIVE: . The authors evaluated the effects of a home-based treadmill training program on both ambulatory function and aerobic fitness. METHODS: . This randomized clinical trial of 34 ambulatory children ...
Siracusa Maria das Graças de Paiva - - 2011
PURPOSE: To observe the immediate effect of the sounded blowing exercise with semi-occluded vocal tract (SOVTE) in the voices of elderly subjects. METHODS: Thirty-three subjects with 65 years of age or older, with no voice or hearing disorder complaints, and with good self-perceived general health participated in the study. All ...
Pulver Stefan R SR Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom. - - 2011
Here we incorporate recent advances in Drosophila neurogenetics and "optogenetics" into neuroscience laboratory exercises. We used the light-activated ion channel channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) and tissue-specific genetic expression techniques to study the neural basis of behavior in Drosophila larvae. We designed and implemented exercises using inexpensive, easy-to-use systems for delivering blue light ...
Green James M - - 2011
Green, JM, Laurent, CM, Bacon, NT, ONeal, EK, Davis, JK, and Bishop, PA. Cross-modal session rating of perceived exertion response at low and moderate intensities. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-Session rating of perceived exertion (SRPE) permits global effort estimations after an exercise bout and has shown promise for ...
Cui Yupeng - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the exercise workload of the 3rd Series of National Broadcast Calisthenics for Elementary and Middle School Students. Altogether, 120 students aged 11-17 years were randomly selected from elementary and middle schools to participate in the study. Each participant performed a cycle ergometer ...
Reilly Charles C CC Department of Asthma, Allergy and Respiratory Science, King's College London School of Medicine, King's College Hospital, Bessemer Road, London SE5 9PJ, UK. - - 2011
Neural respiratory drive (NRD) measured from the diaphragm electromyogram (EMGdi) reflects the load/capacity balance of the respiratory muscle pump and is a marker of lung disease severity. EMGdi measurement is invasive, but recording the EMG from the parasternal intercostal muscles using surface electrodes (sEMGpara) could provide a non-invasive method of ...
Kalaykova Stanimira - - 2011
Aims: To test whether an intensive chewing exercise influences the moment of disc reduction in subjects with or without reports of intermittent locking of the jaw. Methods: This experimental study included 15 subjects with a reducing anteriorly displaced disc (ADD) and with symptoms of intermittent locking and 15 subjects with ...
Schwarz Neil A - - 2011
The estimated prevalence of obesity in the USA is 72.5 million adults with costs attributed to obesity more than 147 billion dollars per year. Though caloric restriction has been used extensively in weight control studies, short-term success has been difficult to achieve, with long-term success of weight control being even ...
Park Roberta J - - 2011
According to a 2010 announcement by the Centers for Disease Control, more than one third of adults and nearly 20% of children in the United States are obese. Obesity and its attendant health issues are becoming a global problem. In spite of the fact that a monumental number of articles ...
Loporto Michela M Institute for Performance Research, Manchester Metropolitan University, Crewe, England. - - 2011
Sport and exercise psychologists provide some interventions for clients based on limited direct evidence and partial understanding of the mechanisms that underpin their efficacy. The authors review a recent technique, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), which offers a tested procedure for investigating cortical activity during observation and imagery processes. They provide ...
Gwin Joseph T JT University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. jgwin@ - - 2011
Decoding human motor tasks from single trial electroencephalography (EEG) signals can help scientists better understand cortical neurophysiology and may lead to brain computer interfaces (BCI) for motor augmentation. Spatial characteristics of EEG have been used to distinguish left from right hand motor imagery and motor action. We used independent component ...
McIntosh Scott E - - 2011
Tibetans and Sherpas have long been revered for their physical aptitude at high altitude, and are thought to have lived at high altitude longer than any other culture. We performed physiologic testing on 2 Sherpas who currently hold world records for: (1) most number of ascents of Mt Everest and ...
Choi Seong-Woo - - 2010
A submarine crew in the Republic of the Korea Navy experienced significant physical inactivity during undersea deployment because of the narrow and confined space. Physical inactivity is known to be associated with a number of adverse health conditions in the long-term perspective. This study aimed to assess the ambulatory activity ...
Su Q-S - - 2010
To examine the effects of eccentric exercise (EE) and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) on the markers of muscle damage, 72 rats were randomly assigned to the EE group, I/R group and control group (C), respectively. The rats in EE ran downhill on a treadmill with a 16 ° inclination at a constant ...
Zhang Mary H MH Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2010
Resistin is an adipocytokine involved in insulin resistance, inflammation, and atherosclerosis. Its role in the development and progression of coronary heart disease (CHD) is not yet well-characterized. We performed a cross-sectional study to evaluate the association between serum resistin levels, exercise capacity, and exercise-induced cardiac ischemia among patients with stable ...
Parra Víctor M - - 2010
We previously showed that exercise induces myocardial preconditioning in dogs and that early preconditioning is mediated through mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels. We decided to study if late preconditioning by exercise is also mediated through these channels. Forty-eight dogs, surgically instrumented and trained to run daily, were randomly assigned to ...
Aliyev Farid - - 2010
Herein, we report a case of pseudosinus tachycardia resulting from an electromagnetic interference between a mobile phone and treadmill device. Electromagnetic interference from a charging mobile phone connected to the same socket with the exercise device turned the recording of a patient to that of pseudosinus tachycardia at approximately twice ...
Quindry John C - - 2010
The mechanisms responsible for anti-arrhythmic protection during ischemia-reperfusion (IR) in exercised hearts are not fully understood. The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether the ATP-sensitive potassium channels in the mitochondria (mito K(ATP)) and sarcolemma (sarc K(ATP)) provide anti-arrhythmic protection in exercised hearts during IR. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were ...
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