Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 722
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Akutsu Yasushi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of extension of exercise-induced ischemia toward apex of left ventricle. METHODS: After injections of technetium-99m tetrofosmin at peak ergometer exercise and thallium-201 at 3 min post-exercise, dual-isotope single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images were obtained simultaneously with cross-talk ...
Billman George E - - 2004
In the present study, a novel sulfonylthiourea, 1-[[5-[2-(5-chloro-o-anisamido)ethyl]-beta-methoxyethoxyphenyl]sulfonyl]-3-methylthiourea, sodium salt (HMR 1402), was investigated using in vitro and in vivo systems. HMR 1402 inhibited rilmakalim-induced currents in rat and guinea pig myocytes (IC(50) = 60 and 509 nM, respectively). Hypoxia-induced shortening of action potential duration at 90% repolarization was also ...
Schmidt Reinhold - - 2004
Increases in free radicals are believed to play a central role in the development of pulmonary ischemia/reperfusion (I-R) injury, leading to microvascular leakage and deterioration of pulmonary surfactant. Continued ventilation during ischemia offers significant protection against I-R injury, but the impact of alveolar oxygen supply both on lung injury and ...
Kuznetsov Andrey V - - 2004
Mitochondria play a critical role in myocardial cold ischemia-reperfusion (CIR) and induction of apoptosis. The nature and extent of mitochondrial defects and cytochrome c (Cyt c) release were determined by high-resolution respirometry in permeabilized myocardial fibers. CIR in a rat heart transplant model resulted in variable contractile performance, correlating with ...
Lennon Shannon L - - 2004
Endurance exercise provides cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Exercise-induced cardioprotection is associated with increases in cytoprotective proteins, including heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) and increases in antioxidant enzyme activity. On the basis of the reported half-life of these putative cardioprotective proteins, we hypothesized that exercise-induced cardioprotection against I/R injury would ...
Takeuchi Koh - - 2003
Hyperthyroidism is known to affect multiple organ functions, and thyroid hormone has been known to improve myocardial function in a failing heart. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the functional and metabolic effects of thyroid hormone on myocardium in a rat model exposed to long-term excess thyroid hormone, ...
Hausenloy Derek J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) in the first few minutes of post-ischaemic reperfusion is a critical determinant of reperfusion-induced cell death. We hypothesised that the novel immunosuppressant, sanglifehrin-A (SFA), given at the time of reperfusion, protects the myocardium from ischaemia-reperfusion injury, by suppressing mPTP opening. ...
Muscari Claudio - - 2003
Aim of this study was to investigate the cardiac release of nitric oxide (NO) before and after cold cardioplegia by a novel electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) technique. Isolated rat hearts were perfused for 20 min in a Langendorff apparatus and then subjected to 3 hours potassium-hypotermic cardioplegia, followed by 20 ...
Bogaty Peter - - 2003
To investigate whether marked and sustained lipid-lowering in subjects with stable angina pectoris and dyslipidemia reduces exercise-induced myocardial ischemia, 17 subjects were treated with dose-adjusted atorvastatin over 1 year and underwent serial evaluation of exercise electrocardiographic ischemic parameters, serum biomarkers, and brachial artery endothelial function. Endothelial function improved progressively and ...
Seymour Elisabeth M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Opioid preconditioning protects the myocardium against ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury. By enhancing cardiomyocyte viability, opioids can enhance cardiac function and recovery from IR injury during acute cardiac care. The myocyte model HL-1 is an immortalized, mouse atrial cell line that expresses functional delta-opioid receptors. The HL-1 myocyte may be useful ...
Szebeni Janos - - 2003
Activation of the complement (C) cascade is known to play a key role in the adverse immune consequences of hemorrhagic trauma with subsequent shock and resuscitation. However, it is not clear whether hypovolemia per se, without trauma and resuscitation, can also lead to C activation. To address this question, we ...
Lee Myoung-Hwa - - 2003
Cerebral ischemia resulting from transient or permanent occlusion of cerebral arteries leads to neuronal cell death and eventually causes neurological impairments. In the present study, the effects of treadmill exercise on apoptosis and cell proliferation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus following transient global ischemia in gerbils were investigated using terminal ...
Kavianipour M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The validity of the microdialysis technique for experimental in vivo studies of myocardial energy metabolism is not known. To address this question interstitial levels of energy-related metabolites (lactate, adenosine, inosine and hypoxanthine) obtained by the microdialysis technique were compared with corresponding metabolites from myocardial biopsies at given intervals in ...
Jha Archana - - 2003
The protective action of R-(-)-deprenyl against the aglycemia (glucose-free) and the ischemia (glucose-free and O2-free)-induced changes in the synaptic transmission was investigated. The in vitro "glucose-free and O2-free" condition mimics in vivo ischemia where there is a deficiency of O2 and energy substrate, hence the term ischemia was used. The ...
Kawabata Hitoshi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The effects of two drugs representing different classes of antidiabetic pharmacology (pioglitazone, a thiazolidinedione; and metformin, a biguanide) on the myocardial metabolism in the ischemia are poorly understood. METHODS: To test the hypothesis that cardioprotection of pioglitazone and metformin is associated with nitric oxide (NO), we studied the high ...
Cherid A - - 2003
To find a prognosis model of human liver transplant, we evaluate 62 surgical biopsies for the loss of glycogen and its variations in relation to cold ischemia, reperfusion, lobular zonation and donor's ages. We applied univariate, multivariate and discriminant analysis and logistic regression. There was a clear lobular zonation of ...
Novalija Enis - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial changes that characterize the heart after anesthetic preconditioning (APC) or the mechanisms by which mitochondrial triggering factors lead to protection are unknown. This study hypothesized that generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during APC is required to initiate the mitochondrial protective effects, and that APC leads to improved ...
González César A - - 2003
This work evaluates the feasibility of monitoring ischemic injury in the gastrointestinal mucosa by impedance spectroscopy, using a minimally invasive intestinal catheter. The disruption of the intestinal mucosa plays a key role in the evolution of shock and is the 'motor of multiple organ failure'. Different technologies have been developed ...
Lambiase Pier D - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to examine if exercise-induced ischemia initiated late preconditioning in humans that becomes manifest during subsequent exercise and serial balloon occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). BACKGROUND: The existence of late preconditioning in humans is controversial. We therefore compared myocardial responses to exercise-induced ...
Oreskovic Darko - - 2003
To evaluate ventriculo-cisternal perfusion as a method for measuring cerebrospinal fluid formation rate, calculated by means of the Heisey et al equation. Method. All experiments were carried out on anesthetized domestic cats fixed in the sphinx position in a stereotaxic frame. Ventriculo-cisternal perfusion was used at an intracranial pressure of ...
Starnes Joseph W - - 2003
Exercise improves cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion in young animals but has not been investigated in older animals, which represent the population most likely to suffer an ischemic event. Therefore, we sought to determine the effects of aging on exercise-induced cardioprotection. Young, middle-aged, and old (4, 12, and 21 mo old) male ...
Bogaty Peter - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The relation of the warm-up ischemia phenomenon to the presence and intensity of initial myocardial ischemia is unclear. We sought to determine whether the warm-up ischemia phenomenon requires initial myocardial ischemia or can be induced by exercise without ischemia and whether there is a relation between the intensity of ...
Sims J Jason - - 2003
It is clear that ischemia inhibits successful defibrillation by altering regional electro-physiology. However, the exact mechanisms are unclear. This study investigated whether regional gap junction inhibition increases biphasic shock defibrillation thresholds (DFT). Sixteen swine were instrumented with a mid-left anterior descending (LAD) perfusion catheter for regional infusion of 0.5 mM/h ...
Finegan Barry A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Isoflurane enhances mechanical function in hearts subject to normothermic global or regional ischemia. The authors examined the effectiveness of isoflurane in preserving mechanical function in hearts subjected to cardioplegic arrest and prolonged hypothermic no-flow storage. The role of isoflurane in altering myocardial glucose metabolism during storage and reperfusion during ...
Riess Matthias L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Ischemia causes an imbalance in mitochondrial metabolism and accumulation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). We showed that anesthetic preconditioning (APC), like ischemic preconditioning, improved mitochondrial NADH energy balance during ischemia and improved function and reduced infarct size on reperfusion. Opening adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium (K(atp)) channels may be involved in ...
Beattie Mary S - - 2003
Elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) are associated with an increased risk of coronary events, but whether inflammation is associated with inducible ischemia in patients with stable coronary disease is unknown. We recruited patients with known coronary disease from 2 VA Medical Centers and 1 University-based medical center for the ...
Fallavollita James A - - 2003
Hibernating myocardium, characterized by reductions in flow and function at rest, has limited contractile reserve in response to increases in external workload. We hypothesized that this attenuation of function reflects an adaptive downregulation that prevents the development of metabolic evidence of ischemia during stress. To test this hypothesis, pigs were ...
De Bow Suzanne B - - 2003
Delayed hypothermia reduces ischemic hippocampal CA1 injury. However, there are residual structural and functional abnormalities. Therefore, we studied whether these apparently vulnerable rescued neurons are susceptible to secondary insults. All gerbils were subjected to normothermic forebrain ischemia (ISC, 5 min) or SHAM operation. Gerbils were treated with mild hypothermia (HYPO; ...
Ikeda M - - 2003
Hyperosmotic opening of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) by mannitol is being used to enhance drug transport in human brains. Recently, cooling of the solution has been reported to have potential to open the BBB. However, the mechanism in barrier opening and closure remains elusive. We studied the rapid changes in ...
Eren Sevval - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: In the context of the physiopathology of damage due to ischemic preservation and reperfusion injury following preservation, we aimed to demonstrate the positive effects of the addition of aprotinin, a serine protease inhibitor, to low potassium dextran (LPD), used as a single-flush solution in normothermic ischemic animal models, on ...
Kumura E - - 2003
Brain extracellular space (ECS) provides an important microenvironment for neurons and glial cells. In the present study, we investigated differences in ischemic changes of ECS in gray and white matter during global ischemia in cats (n = 8). Diffusion capacity of tetramethylammonium ion (TMA+, 74.1Da) was evaluated by measuring extracellular ...
Pan Shujia J - - 2003
This work was designed to test whether phosphofructokinase is a target for emetine action on the heart. The effects of 37 microM emetine on the activities of phosphofructokinase and hexokinase were measured in homogenates from perfused hearts. The action of increasing concentrations of emetine was determined in nonperfused heart homogenates. ...
Khurana S - - 2002
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The accurate and early diagnosis of intestinal ischemia remains difficult chiefly because of a lack of a suitable marker that is noninvasive and easy to use. The glutathione S-transferases (GST) are a family of cytosolic enzymes involved in detoxification and released from a variety of cells when the cell ...
Ally Ahmmed - - 2002
We hypothesized that static skeletal muscle contraction-induced systemic cardiovascular responses, and central glutamate/GABA release in rostral (RVLM) and caudal ventrolateral medulla (CVLM), would be modulated by cerebral ischemia. In sham-operated rats, a 2-min tibial nerve stimulation induced static contraction of the triceps surae, evoked pressor responses, increased glutamate in both ...
Adibhatla Rao Muralikrishna - - 2002
Citicoline, an intermediate in the biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho), has shown beneficial effects in various CNS injury models and neurodegenerative diseases. PtdCho hydrolysis by phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) after cerebral ischemia and reperfusion yields arachidonic acid (ArAc) and lyso-PtdCho. ArAc oxidative metabolism results in formation of reactive oxygen species and lipid ...
Shalhav Arieh L - - 2002
PURPOSE: We present a novel method of kidney retrieval based on a modified Pfannenstiel incision and insertion of the assistant hand into the abdominal cavity without a device for pneumoperitoneum preservation. This maneuver is performed as the last step in pure laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy. Also, we assessed the effect ...
Berrizbeitia Luis D - - 2002
Myocardial malondialdehyde concentration (MDA) as an index of membrane lipoperoxidation was measured in previously ischemic isolated rabbit hearts reperfused with Krebs solution equilibrated with different oxygen concentrations. Hearts were subjected to a ischemic period of 30 min at 4 degrees C and then reperfused at 37 degrees C with a ...
Guan Yulong - - 2002
Retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) is one of cerebral protection methods during deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). However, the mechanism is unclear. In this study with laser confocal scanning microscope (LCSM), calcium fluorescent intensity of vital brain slice was compared between RCP and DHCA group. Sixteen swine, weighing from 19 to ...
Powers Scott K - - 2002
A wealth of data indicates that performing regular exercise is an important lifestyle modification to prevent cardiovascular disease. Although not fully understood, the cardioprotection by regular exercise may be exerted synergistically through improvement in many risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease. Just as important are the direct effects of exercise ...
Hoshida Shiro - - 2002
It is clinically important to elucidate the mechanism underlying the delayed preconditioning against ischemia-reperfusion injury observed 24-72 h after sublethal stress such as brief ischemia, hyperthermia and exercise. The time course of induction of myocardial manganese-superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) and appearance of the ischemic tolerance coincide well, and the percent increase ...
Luisi Andrew J AJ - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although humans and swine with hibernating myocardium have an increased risk of sudden death, the contribution of chronic alterations in sympathetic nerve function is unknown. Acute transmural ischemia causes inhomogeneity in sympathetic innervation that may lead to lethal arrhythmias, but it is unclear whether similar abnormalities develop in response ...
Akutsu Yasushi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The significance of differences in electrocardiographic morphology that occur during the recovery phase after exercise has not been clarified. We investigated the relationship between postexercise electrocardiographic morphology and the pattern of residual ischemia measured at that time. METHODS: Exercise dual-isotope single photon emission computed tomography was performed on 171 ...
Young B L - - 2002
Carolina Rinse Solution (CRS) was applied topically and intraluminally to ischaemic (Group 1; n = 5) and distended equine jejunum (Group 2; n = 5). Mesenteric blood flow, ORC (osmotic reflection coefficient), wet weight to dry weight ratios (WW/DW), serosal thickness, and neutrophil accumulation in the serosa were measured. After ...
Novalija Enis - - 2002
We postulated that anesthetic preconditioning (APC) is triggered by reactive oxygen/nitrogen species (ROS/RNS). We used the isolated guinea pig heart perfused with L-tyrosine, which reacts with ROS and RNS to form strong oxidants, principally peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)), and then forms fluorescent dityrosine. ROS scavengers superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione (SCG) and ...
Klawitter Paul F - - 2002
We studied the differences between the functional and bioenergetic effects of antioxidants (AOX) administered before or after myocardial ischemia. Sprague-Dawley rat hearts were perfused with a modified Krebs-Henseleit solution and bubbled with 95% O(2)-5% CO(2). The protocol consisted of 10 min of baseline perfusion, 20 min of global ischemia, and ...
Hallström Seth - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Peroxynitrite generated from nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide (O2-) contributes to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Feedback inhibition of endothelial NO synthase by NO may inhibit O2- production generated also by endothelial NO synthase at diminished local L-arginine concentrations accompanying I/R. METHODS AND RESULTS: During hindlimb I/R (2.5 hours/2 hours), in ...
St Peter S D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Non-heart-beating donor (NHBD) livers represent an important organ pool, but are seldom utilized clinically and require rapid retrieval and implantation. Experimental work with oxygenated perfusion during preservation has shown promising results by recovering function in these livers. This study compared sanguinous perfusion with cold storage for extended preservation of ...
Sheps David S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Ischemia during laboratory mental stress tests has been linked to significantly higher rates of adverse cardiac events. Previous studies have not been designed to detect differences in mortality rates. METHODS AND RESULTS: To determine whether mental stress-induced ischemia predicts death, we evaluated 196 patients from the Psychophysiological Investigations of ...
Celik Husnu - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary edema has been shown to occur following ischemia-reperfusion injury in a variety of organs and effects of several pharmacological agents on ischemia-reperfusion-induced damage has been investigated previously. However, there are only a few studies in the literature about pulmonary injury following adnexial ischemia-reperfusion. In this study we aimed ...
Prasan Ananth M - - 2002
Effects of ischemia time and treatment interventions upon troponin I (TnI) proteolysis and function of reperfused myocardium were examined in isolated, perfused rabbit hearts. Hearts were randomized to 90 min aerobic perfusion, 15 min low-flow (1 ml/min) ischemia (I) and 60 min reperfusion (R) or 60 min low-flow I and ...
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