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Gozal Y - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species are an important mediator in isoflurane-induced myocardial preconditioning. However, hydroxyl radicals are also released during reperfusion after regional ischaemia. The purpose of the present study was to test whether ischaemic preconditioning and isoflurane would influence the production of hydroxyl radicals during reperfusion. METHODS: After i.v. administration ...
Kurt Y - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of mesenteric ischemia can be life saving. The aim of this study is to investigate the time-dependent diagnostic value of plasma D-dimer and other ancillary laboratory evaluations such as creatine phosphokinase, lactic dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, amylase, and leukocyte count in an experimental superior mesenteric arterial ...
Bastiaanse Jacqueline - - 2005
Hypothermia is an important preservation method for tissues and solid organs. The aim of the present study was to assess in rat cremaster muscle the effect of hypothermia, without or with pre-ischaemic HTK (histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate-Bretschneider solution) perfusion, on microvascular consequences of 4 or 6 h ischaemia and 2 h of reperfusion. ...
Xia Zhengyuan - - 2005
Reactive oxygen species induce formation of 15-F(2t)-isoprostane (15-F(2t)-IsoP), a specific marker of in vivo lipid peroxidation, which is increased after myocardial ischemia and during the subsequent reperfusion. 15-F(2t)-IsoP possesses potent bioactivity under pathophysiological conditions. However, it remains unknown whether 15-F(2t)-IsoP, by itself, can influence myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Adult rat ...
Cabrera Marco E - - 2005
The heart is capable of altering its metabolic rate during exercise or ischemia. Under most state transitions, the heart maintains the concentration of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) at relatively constant values, in spite of large fluctuations in metabolic rate or in the delivery of fuels and oxygen. However, the mechanisms responsible ...
Zhang Shengxiang - - 2005
Current therapeutic windows for effective application of thrombolytic agents are within 3-6 h of stroke. Although treatment can improve outcome, it is unclear what happens to synaptic fine structure during this critical period in vivo. The relationship between microcirculation and dendritic spine structure was determined in mouse somatosensory neurons during ...
Ovchinnikov Vladislav - - 2005
Regional reductions in norepinephrine-tracer uptake are found in pigs with hibernating myocardium. Clinical studies would suggest that this is evidence for denervation; however, the functional responses to sympathetic stimulation have not been evaluated, and our previous studies with beta-adrenergic stimulation have not suggested denervation hypersensitivity. Therefore, pigs were chronically instrumented ...
Turkmen Sembol - - 2005
Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) contributes to the regulation of coronary vasomotor tone and circulating levels of VIP have been reported to increase during acute myocardial infarction. However, the changes in VIP concentration during exercise-induced ischemia have not been studied yet. Therefore, we sought to determine whether circulating levels of VIP ...
Quindry John - - 2005
Endurance exercise provides cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced necrotic cell death in young animals. However, whether exercise-induced cardioprotection prevents IR-induced apoptosis in young and old animals is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that endurance exercise training will attenuate IR-induced myocardial apoptosis in young (4 months) and old (24 months) male F344 ...
Das Samarjit - - 2005
Tomato and its major antioxidant component lycopene have recently been focused as important antioxidant nutrients because of their ability to reduce reactive oxygen species and to provide health benefits. Most of the studies were undertaken to determine the usefulness of lycopene against cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Epidemiological studies, however, yielded ...
Starnes Joseph W - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It is well established that participation in a chronic exercise program can reduce coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors and improve myocardial tolerance to ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury. Low-intensity exercise programs are known to be effective in reducing CHD risk factors in humans and rats, but whether similar programs are ...
Sim Young-Je - - 2005
It has been suggested that exercise may ameliorate neurologic impairment by impeding neuronal loss following various brain insults. In the present study, the effect of long-term treadmill exercise on short-term memory and apoptotic neuronal cell death in the hippocampus following transient global ischemia in gerbils was investigated. A step-down inhibitory ...
Knapp J - - 2005
Electrical cell uncoupling via gap junction closure is assumed to cause characteristic changes of the passive dielectric spectrum of ischemic heart tissue. In order to find an independent evidence for this assumption, we analysed heart tissue during ischemia, measured the open state of gap junctions by means of dye transfer ...
Horiguchi Takashi - - 2005
Cortical spreading depression (CSD) has been documented to confer ischemic tolerance on brain. Although nitric oxide (NO) is a crucial mediator in preconditioning under certain circumstances, the role of NO in CSD-induced neuroprotection is unclear. We examined the effect of L-NAME, an inhibitor of NO synthase, on CSD-induced tolerance against ...
Hwang Hyosook - - 2005
Potential protective effects of aerobic exercise training on the myocardium, before an ischemic event, are not completely understood. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of exercise training on contractile function after ischemia-reperfusion (Langendorff preparation with 15-min global ischemia/30-min reperfusion). Trabeculae were isolated from the left ventricles ...
Dohmen Christian - - 2005
Glutamate toxicity and cellular calcium overload are thought to be pathophysiological key factors not only in gray matter (GM) but also in white matter (WM) ischemia. Correlates of excitotoxicity have never been directly investigated in vivo in GM and WM ischemia and reperfusion. We measured simultaneously amino acids, purines, and ...
Kingston Ross - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Tissues subjected to prolonged ischaemia are paradoxically further damaged when their perfusion is restored. The mechanisms underlying this ischaemia-reperfusion injury are complex, but oxidative attack is a central feature. Among the therapeutic agents used to attenuate ischaemia-reperfusion injury, endogenous agents such as taurine which form part of the native ...
Ferrier Gregory R - - 2005
It is not clear whether activation of ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K(ATP)) with pinacidil in advance of ischemia and reperfusion promotes or suppresses arrhythmias. This study determines the effects of pinacidil pretreatment on arrhythmias and the changes in cellular electrophysiological parameters in segments of guinea pig right ventricular free walls exposed ...
Abete P - - 2005
Ischemic preconditioning (IP) has been proposed as an endogenous form of protection against ischemia reperfusion injury. IP, however, does not prevent post-ischemic dysfunction in the aging heart but may be partially corrected by exercise training and food restriction. We investigated the role of exercise training combined with food restriction on ...
Zhang Fanzhi - - 2005
The effect of acute ischemia on the electrophysiological characteristics of the three layers myocardium of canine in vivo was investigated. Twelve canines were divided into two groups randomly: acute ischemia (AI) group and sham operation (SO) group. By using the monophasic action potential (MAP) technique, MAP and effective refractory period ...
Végh Agnes - - 2005
Ischemic preconditioning results not only in a reduction in myocardial ischemic damage, but also in a marked suppression of those ventricular arrhythmias that result from a more prolonged period of ischemia and reperfusion insult. This protection is time-dependent and occurs in two distinct phases. There is an 'early phase' which ...
Du Toit E F EF Department of Medical Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stellenbosch, - - 2005
Androgenic anabolic steroids (AAS) are often used by athletes to enhance athletic performance but are strongly associated with detrimental cardiovascular effects including sudden cardiac death. AAS use increases myocardial susceptibility to ischaemia/reperfusion injury. Rats were trained (swimming) with or without intramuscular injection of nandrolone laurate (0.375 mg/kg). Untrained rats with ...
Rongen Gerard A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nonlethal ischemia and reperfusion reduce ischemia-reperfusion-induced cell death, a phenomenon called ischemic preconditioning. In animal models, this potent endogenous protection is mimicked in vivo by administration of adenosine. In humans, exploitation of ischemic preconditioning is hindered by the lack of an appropriate in vivo model to study this phenomenon. ...
Ding Yun-Hong - - 2005
There is evidence that physical activity is associated with decreased brain injury resulting from transient middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. We investigated whether exercise could reduce stroke-induced brain inflammatory injury and its associated mediators. Sprague Dawley rats (3 months old) were subjected to 30 min exercise on a treadmill each ...
Sim Young-Je - - 2004
In the present study, the effect of treadmill exercise on short-term memory, apoptotic neuronal cell death, and cell proliferation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus following transient global ischemia in gerbils was investigated. Step-down inhibitory avoidance task, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay, and immunohistochemistry for caspase-3 and ...
De Mello Walmor C - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The effect of angiotensin (1-7) (Ang 1-7) on membrane potential and excitability of rat heart muscle under ischaemia/reperfusion was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The hearts of adult rats were removed under deep anaesthesia and perfused using the Langendorff method. After 40 minutes of global no-flow ischaemia, the heart was ...
Suzuki Satoshi - - 2004
Human microsomes and hepatocytes obtained from non-transplantable livers of brain-dead donors are very useful in predicting the in vivo metabolism of xenobiotics in humans. Fresh liver specimens obtained from therapeutic liver resection are also useful for research in cases where non-transplantable livers are not readily available. In the present study, ...
Hjortskov Nis - - 2005
Animal experiments suggest that an increase in sympathetic outflow can depress muscle spindle sensitivity and thus modulate the stretch reflex response. The results are, however, controversial, and human studies have failed to demonstrate a direct influence of the sympathetic nervous system on the sensitivity of muscle spindles. We studied the ...
Van Putte Bart P - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Beside lung transplantation, cardiopulmonary bypass, isolated lung perfusion and sleeve resection result in serious pulmonary ischemia-reperfusion injury, clinically known as acute respiratory distress syndrome. Very little is known about cells infiltrating the lung during ischemia-reperfusion. Therefore, a model of warm ischemia-reperfusion injury was applied to differentiate cellular infiltrates and ...
Frieser M - - 2004
In an attempt to increase necrotic zones in liver tissue by radiofrequency ablation fresh bovine liver was coagulated by means of a needle electrode continuously perfused with NaCl solution. Power output (60 W) and application time (15 min) were kept constant while the perfusion was varied in terms of saline ...
Pichler Robert - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Atherosclerosis is looked upon as an inflammatory disease. The production of proinflammatory markers may indicate activity in this inflammatory state. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated a range of proinflammatory serum parameters in 136 cardiac patients who had previously undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). RESULTS: By means of myocardial scintigraphy, an ...
Hotta Yoshihiro - - 2004
The protective effects of the Na+-H+ exchange (NHE) inhibitors SM-198110 (2-[[(aminoiminomethyl) amino] carbonyl]-4-chloro-1H-indole-1-propanesulfonic acid monohydrate) and SM-197378 (N-(aminoiminomethyl)-1-methyl-7-(sulfooxy)-4-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-indole-2-carboxamide monohydrate) were investigated in perfused Langendorff guinea-pig hearts subjected to ischemia (40 min) and reperfusion (40 min). The recovery of left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) from ischemia by reperfusion was 39.0% in ...
Tahara Nobuhiro - - 2005
Potent cardioinhibitory vagal reflex resulting in bradycardia and hypotension has been observed under particular conditions of transmural inferior ischemia and its reperfusion, such as those observed with acute infarction. However, whether exercise-induced ischemia with ST depressions that is subendocardial and that might be recurrently experienced in daily activities can evoke ...
Lennon S L - - 2004
It is well established that both short-term (1-5 days) and long-term (weeks to months) high intensity exercise (i.e. 70-75%VO2max) provides cardioprotection against ischaemia-reperfusion injury. However, it is unclear if moderate intensity exercise will also provide cardioprotection. AIM: Therefore, these experiments compared the protective effects of moderate vs. high intensity exercise ...
Marchesi Marta - - 2004
Ex vivo studies demonstrated that a synthetic high-density lipoprotein (HDL) comprised of a complex of recombinant apolipoprotein A-IMilano and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine protects the isolated rabbit heart from reperfusion injury. Therefore, we sought to determine whether a pharmaceutical preparation of this complex, ETC-216, was cardioprotective in an in vivo model of ...
Harrington D K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Aortic arch surgery has a high incidence of brain injury. This may in part be caused by a cerebral metabolic deficit observed after hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA). We hypothesized that selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (SACP) would attenuate this phenomenon. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prospective randomized trial, 42 adult ...
Talavéra Séverine - - 2004
Anthocyanins are natural pigments that possess antioxidant activities and are implicated in various health effects. Recent studies showed that the stomach is a site of anthocyanin absorption. However, the fate of anthocyanins in the small intestine remains unknown. We therefore investigated anthocyanin absorption after in situ perfusion of the jejunum ...
Ten Hove Michiel M Interuniversity Cardiology, Institute of the Netherlands, Utrecht, The - - 2005
The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) and/or the Na(+)/HCO(3)(-) cotransporter (NBC) were blocked during ischemia in isolated rat hearts. Intracellular Na(+) concentration ([Na(+)](i)), intracellular pH (pH(i)), and energy-related phosphates were measured by using simultaneous (23)Na and (31)P NMR spectroscopy. Hearts were subjected to 30 min of global ischemia and 30 min of ...
Guilbert Frédérique - - 2004
We investigated the effects of serotonin (5-HT), SL65.0472 (7-fluoro-2-oxo-4-[2-[4-thieno[3,2-c]pyridine-4-yl)piperazin-1-yl]ethyl]-1,2-dihydroquinoline-1-acetamide, a 5-HT(1B)/5-HT(2A) receptor antagonist) and ketanserin (a 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonist) during exercise-induced cardiac ischemia in conscious dogs. Dogs were administered a hypercholesterolemic diet and an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthetase to produce chronic endothelial dysfunction. Myocardial ischemia was induced by a ...
Yeh Chi-Hsiao - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study tested the hypothesis that cardioplegic solution supplemented with a nitric oxide donor agent attenuates postischemic cardiomyocytic apoptosis by reduction of mitochondrial complex I up-regulation during global cardiac arrest under cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Twenty-four anesthetized dogs supported by total vented bypass were divided evenly into 4 groups (n ...
Okutan Huseyin - - 2004
Aortic ischemia-reperfusion (AIR) induced lung injury has already been documented. Kupffer cell blockage (KCB) with gadolinium chloride (GdCl3) has also been shown to attenuate remote organ damage caused by ischemia reperfusion. The present study was designed to examine the effect of GdCl3 in lung ischemia-reperfusion injury induced by aortic occlusion. ...
Akutsu Yasushi - - 2004
The severity of exercise-induced painful ischemia and its recovery after the disappearance of pain are unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the difference in severity of ischemia at both exercise and postexercise between painful ischemia and painless ischemia. After injections of technetium-99m tetrofosmin at peak ergometer exercise ...
Hagl Christian - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Clinically, selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (SACP) seems to be associated with a better neurological outcome compared to hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) alone, but the pathophysiological mechanisms are not well understood. Therefore, this study was undertaken to assess the effects of HCA with and without SACP on the cerebral integrity ...
Saito Taketo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning (IP) improves tissue tolerance to prolonged ischemia. In this study, we investigated the functional effect of IP on skeletal muscle of rat hind limb by means of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and by measuring myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into ...
Kubulus Darius - - 2004
Induction of the "delay phenomenon" by chronic ischemia is an established clinical procedure, but the mechanisms conferring tissue protection are still incompletely understood. To elucidate the role of heme oxygenase-1 [HO-1 or heat shock protein-32 (HSP-32)] in delay, we examined in the skin-flap model of the ear of the hairless ...
Choukèr A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The Pringle manoeuvre and ischaemic preconditioning are applied to prevent blood loss and ischaemia-reperfusion injury, respectively, during liver surgery. In this prospective clinical trial we report on the intraoperative haemodynamic effects of the Pringle manoeuvre alone or in combination with ischaemic preconditioning. METHODS: Patients (n=68) were assigned randomly to ...
Li Jie - - 2004
There is increasing evidence that physical activity is associated with decreased stroke risk and incidence. The purpose of this study was to determine whether increased levels of physical activity could reduce brain damage in rats subjected to transient or permanent middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (three ...
Raeburn C D - - 2004
In 1986, Murry et al. reported that brief periods of antecedent ischemia in dogs paradoxically reduced (rather than exacerbated) the size of myocardial infarcts created by subsequent prolonged ischemia. This fortuitous discovery, now termed "preconditioning", stimulated further investigation of the inherent adaptive mechanisms present in a variety of tissues and ...
Benaron David A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The authors evaluated the ability of visible light spectroscopy (VLS) oximetry to detect hypoxemia and ischemia in human and animal subjects. Unlike near-infrared spectroscopy or pulse oximetry (SpO2), VLS tissue oximetry uses shallow-penetrating visible light to measure microvascular hemoglobin oxygen saturation (StO2) in small, thin tissue volumes. METHODS: In ...
Powers Scott K - - 2004
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury is a major contributor to the morbidity and mortality associated with coronary artery disease. The incidence of I-R events is greatest in older persons, and studies also indicate that the magnitude of myocardial I-R injury is greater in senescent individuals compared to younger adults. Regular exercise ...
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