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Powers Scott K - - 2008
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a major contributor to the morbidity and mortality associated with coronary artery disease. Muscular exercise is a countermeasure to protect against IR-induced cardiac injury in both young and old animals. Specifically, regular bouts of endurance exercise protect the heart against all levels of IR-induced injury. ...
Nadtochiy Sergiy M - - 2007
Mitochondrial dysfunction is a key pathologic event in cardiac ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury, and protection of mitochondrial function is a potential mechanism underlying ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Acknowledging the role of nitric oxide (NO()) in IPC, it was hypothesized that mitochondrial protein S-nitrosation may be a cardioprotective mechanism. The reagent S-nitroso-2-mercaptopropionyl-glycine (SNO-MPG) ...
Bloomer Richard J - - 2007
: We have recently demonstrated that oral intake of glycine propionyl-L-carnitine (GPLC) increases plasma nitrate/nitrite (NOx), a surrogate measure of nitric oxide production. However, these findings were observed at rest, and in previously sedentary subjects. In the present study, we sought to determine the impact of oral GPLC on plasma ...
Falkensammer Juergen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) is an emerging marker of ischemia. To investigate the applicability of IMA for the diagnosis of skeletal muscle ischemia, we examined IMA changes as measured by the albumin-cobalt binding test, in a group of healthy volunteers after standardized exercise-induced calf muscle ischemia. METHODS: A total of ...
Madsen Jan K - - 2007
AIMS: The aim was to compare the effect of revascularization to conservative treatment in patients with residual silent and with residual symptomatic ischemia following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The study was a subanalysis of the DANAMI (DANish AMI) randomized study of invasive vs. conservative treatment in patients with inducible ischemia ...
Włodek Lidia - - 2006
This exercise for students will allow them to simultaneously observe lipid peroxidation and consequent hemolysis of rat erythrocytes and the effect of sodium azide, a catalase inhibitor, on these processes. It will also demonstrate a protective action of antioxidants, the therapeutically used N-acetylcysteine and albumins present in plasma.
Janać Branka - - 2006
In addition to morphological changes, global cerebral ischemia leads to functional changes that can be assessed by behavioral examination. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the duration of global cerebral ischemia on the time course of a comprehensive set of motor behaviors in Mongolian gerbils. ...
Esme H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Reperfusion injury is a perplexing cause of early graft failure after lung transplantation and today we know that reperfusion may be more harmful to tissues than the preceding ischemia. We hypothesized that administration of the nitric oxide donor nitroglycerin (NTG) during flush perfusion and reperfusion periods would ameliorate reperfusion-induced ...
Zaid Gh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether serum B-type natriuretic peptide measured at rest and peak exercise and DeltaBNP contribute to the predictive value and diagnostic accuracy of exercise test in the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia. BACKGROUND: Ventricular myocytes release BNP in response to increased wall stress that occurs in acute ischemia. During ...
Delbin Maria Andréia - - 2007
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of physical preconditioning in the responsiveness of rat pulmonary rings submitted to lung ischemia/reperfusion (IR). Wistar rats were divided into three groups: Sedentary sham-operated (SD/SHAM); sedentary submitted to ischemia/reperfusion (SD/IR) and trained submitted to ischemia/reperfusion (TR/IR) animals. Exercise training consisted ...
Taylor Ryan P - - 2007
The mediators of acute exercise-induced preconditioning against ischemia-reperfusion injury are not understood. This study assesses the role of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), a reported mediator of other forms of preconditioning. Male Fischer 344 rats were divided into five groups (n = 6-7): sedentary (Sed); exercised 2 days on a treadmill ...
Heyndrickx Guy R - - 2006
Cycles of ischemia-reperfusion are ubiquitous in clinical cardiology. Depending on the duration and intensity of the ischemic episode as well as its repetition mode, several pathophysiologic syndromes have been identified, such as myocardial stunning, hibernation, and preconditioning. It remains a difficult exercise to distinguish ischemic from reperfusion damage. Production of ...
Wang Hong-Gang - - 2006
AIM: To investigate whether tanshinone IIA could improve the effect of UW solution for skeletal muscle preservation and to determine the dose range of tanshinone IIA providing optimal protection during ischemia and reperfusion. METHODS: Ischemic rat limbs were perfused with UW solution or UW plus tanshinone IIA (UW+T, 0.05, 0.1, ...
Riksen Niels P - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We studied whether caffeine impairs protection by ischemic preconditioning (IP) in humans. BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning is critically dependent on adenosine receptor stimulation. We hypothesize that the adenosine receptor antagonist caffeine blocks the protective effect of IP. METHODS: In vivo ischemia-reperfusion injury was assessed in the thenar muscle by 99mTc-annexin ...
Ascensão António - - 2007
Myocardial injury is a major contributor to the morbidity and mortality associated with coronary artery disease. Regular exercise has been confirmed as a pragmatic countermeasure to protect against cardiac injury. Specifically, endurance exercise has been proven to provide cardioprotection against cardiac insults in both young and old animals. Proposed mechanisms ...
Rippe Catarina - - 2006
This study was performed to evaluate the alterations of glomerular filtration barrier characteristics following acute renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). Ischemia was induced in anesthetized rats by unilateral renal artery occlusion for either 20 or 60 min, followed by reperfusion during 20 or 60 min, respectively, with the contralateral kidney serving as ...
Turgut Ahmet Tuncay - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether hydrocele has any effect on the volume and shape of the ipsilateral testis and can be implicated as a cause of testicular ischemia. METHODS: Group 1 consisted of 23 patients with unilateral idiopathic hydrocele, whereas 30 healthy men constituted group ...
Lauer Michael S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Exercise-induced QT/RR hysteresis exists when, for a given R-R interval, the QT interval duration is shorter during recovery after exercise than during exercise. We sought to assess the association between QT/RR hysteresis and imaging evidence of myocardial ischemia. BACKGROUND: Because ischemia induces cellular disturbances known to decrease membrane action ...
Ferencz A - - 2006
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC), which is obtained by exposure to brief periods of vascular occlusion, improves organ tolerance to prolonged ischemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the threshold level of NF-kB activation in small intestine during an IPC procedure. Various intestinal IPC were performed on 20 Wistar rats ...
Rossi Marco - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate whether human essential arterial hypertension (EHT) is associated with modification of the skin blood flowmotion (SBF), which could be a sign of skin microcirculatory impairment. Forearm skin perfusion was measured by laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) in conventional perfusion units (PU) before and ...
Ganitkevich Vladimir - - 2006
Single mouse cardiomyocytes were exposed to defined ischemia. We designed chambers on glass chips with a volume of 192 pL (picochambers). After a picochamber was loaded with a single cardiomyocyte, P(O2) in the picochamber was equilibrated with that in the headspace, where it was controlled in the critical range between ...
Homola Ales - - 2006
It has been shown that global anoxia leads to dramatic changes in the diffusion properties of the extracellular space (ECS). In this study, we investigated how changes in ECS volume and geometry in the rat somatosensory cortex during and after transient hypoxia/ischemia correlate with extracellular concentrations of energy-related metabolites and ...
Dragoni Saverio - - 2006
Animal studies have shown that, as compared with unrestricted reperfusion, exposure to brief periods of controlled ischemia (postconditioning) at the end of a prolonged ischemia reduces the extent of tissue damage. We set out to test whether postconditioning can prevent endothelial dysfunction induced by ischemia and reperfusion in a human ...
Ding Y H - - 2006
We hypothesized that exercise preconditioning strengthens brain microvascular integrity against ischemia/reperfusion injury through the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-integrin signaling pathway. Adult male Sprague Dawley rats (n = 24) were studied in: (1) exercise (the animals run on a treadmill 30 min each day) for 3 weeks, (2) non-exercise. Six animals ...
Fernández José A - - 2006
PURPOSE: In reperfusion injury activation of coagulation and inflammation contribute to organ dysfunction. Activated protein C (APC) exhibits anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory properties in models of reperfusion injury. We hypothesized that APC could be cardioprotective after ischemia and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: 20 pigs, undergoing 120 min of CPB and aortic ...
Rork Tyler H - - 2006
The peroxynitrite-mediated activation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and subsequent cleavage of troponin I (TnI) in ventricular myocytes is a detrimental effect of ischemia/reperfusion injury. We hypothesized that acetaminophen, an effective antioxidant against peroxynitrite, would attenuate activation of MMP-2 and improve cardiac mechanical function. Isolated, perfused guinea pig hearts (Langendorff) were ...
Ding Yun-Hong - - 2006
Increasing evidence indicates that physical activity reduces brain damage after stroke. The purpose of this study was to determine whether exercise-induced neuroprotection is associated with improved brain integrity in stroke. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (3 months old, n=38) exercised on a treadmill, which required repetitive locomotor movement, for 30 minutes ...
Dittrich R - - 2006
Cryopreservation of whole organs would not only be advantageous for experimental biology but also for transplantation surgery. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of cryopreserving swine uterus as an experimental model of cryopreservation affecting a whole visceral muscle organ. Organs were frozen slowly (0.2 degrees C/min) ...
Nygren Anders T - - 2006
PURPOSE: To detect skeletal muscle ischemia with first-pass gadolinium (Gd) kinetics after exercise. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven subjects with intermittent claudication performed a symptom-limited bilateral plantar flexion exercise in the magnet. Regional ROIs were placed bilaterally in the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles, and a signal intensity (SI) time-curve analysis was ...
Szabó Andrea - - 2006
Female sex hormones have been reported to preserve endothelial integrity and to reduce inflammation. However, gender-related differences in the intestinal mucosal barrier function during compromised perfusion after ischemia and transplantation have not been defined. Herein, we applied intravital microscopy to determine the mucosal epithelial and intestinal microcirculatory responses in ileal ...
Pohmann Rolf - - 2006
Non-invasive measurement of perfusion in skeletal muscle by in vivo magnetic resonance remains a challenge due to its low level and the correspondingly low signal-to-noise ratio. To enable accurate, quantitative, and time-resolved perfusion measurements in the leg muscle, a technique with a high sensitivity is required. By combining a flow-sensitive ...
Leung Lai-Yee - - 2006
Treadmill exercise and neuromuscular electrical stimulation are common clinical approaches for stroke rehabilitation. Both animal and clinical studies have shown the functional improvements after these interventions. However, the neurochemical effects on the ischemic brain had not been well studied. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of treadmill exercise and ...
Mallick Ismail H - - 2005
AIM: To evaluate whether pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), an enhancer of HO production, attenuates intestinal IR injury. METHODS: Eighteen male rats were randomly allocated into three groups: (a) sham; (b) IR, consisting of 30 min of intestinal ischemia, followed by 2-h period of reperfusion; and (c) PDTC treatment before IR. Intestinal ...
Sabatine Marc S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recognition of myocardial ischemia is critical both for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease and the selection and evaluation of therapy. Recent advances in proteomic and metabolic profiling technologies may offer the possibility of identifying novel biomarkers and pathways activated in myocardial ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Blood samples were ...
Pareznik Roman - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine changes in the rate of thenar muscles tissue deoxygenation during stagnant ischemia in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective observational study in the medical ICU of a general hospital. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients admitted to ICU with septic shock (n=6), severe ...
Sunagawa Toru - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ischemia time on longitudinal bone growth after replantation, and to evaluate the usefulness of simple cold storage of an amputated limb in preventing epiphyseal growth-plate impairment. A hind-limb replantation model was produced with 5-week-old rats after various ischemia times. ...
French Joel P - - 2006
The Ca2+-activated protease calpain has been shown to play a deleterious role in the heart during ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). We tested the hypothesis that exercise training would minimize I/R-induced calpain activation and provide cardioprotection against I/R-induced injury. Hearts from adult male rats were isolated in a working heart preparation, and myocardial ...
Hajnal Agnes - - 2005
We have shown previously that a single period of treadmill exercise in dogs protects the heart against the severe ventricular arrhythmias that arise when a major (anterior descending) branch of the left coronary artery is occluded following anaesthesia 24 h later. This protection is aminoguanidine sensitive, suggesting a role for ...
An Jianzhong - - 2005
We examined if sevoflurane given before cold ischemia of intact hearts (anesthetic preconditioning, APC) affords additional protection by further improving mitochondrial energy balance and if this is abolished by a mitochondrial KATP blocker. NADH and FAD fluorescence was measured within the left ventricular wall of 5 groups of isolated guinea ...
Okere Isidore C - - 2006
In the normal heart, there is loss of citric acid cycle (CAC) intermediates that is matched by the entry of intermediates from outside the cycle, a process termed anaplerosis. Previous in vitro studies suggest that supplementation with anaplerotic substrates improves cardiac function during myocardial ischemia and/or reperfusion. The present investigation ...
Gao Changjun - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of intraluminal hyperoxygenated solution (HOS) on enterocyte mitochondrial structure and respiratory function after intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) in rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two rabbits were divided randomly into four groups: control group in which sham operation was performed (Sham group), ...
Loukogeorgakis Stavros P - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterize the time course and neuronal mechanism of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) of the vasculature in humans. BACKGROUND: Non-lethal ischemia of internal organs induces local (ischemic preconditioning) and systemic (RIPC) resistance to lethal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Experimental RIPC has two temporal components, ...
Marro Kenneth I - - 2005
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) techniques are now recognized as valid tools for providing accurate measurements of cerebral and cardiac perfusion. The labeling process used with most ASL techniques creates two problems, magnetization transfer (MT) effects and arterial transit time effects, that require compensation. The compensation process limits time resolution and ...
Gozal Y - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species are an important mediator in isoflurane-induced myocardial preconditioning. However, hydroxyl radicals are also released during reperfusion after regional ischaemia. The purpose of the present study was to test whether ischaemic preconditioning and isoflurane would influence the production of hydroxyl radicals during reperfusion. METHODS: After i.v. administration ...
Kurt Y - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of mesenteric ischemia can be life saving. The aim of this study is to investigate the time-dependent diagnostic value of plasma D-dimer and other ancillary laboratory evaluations such as creatine phosphokinase, lactic dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, amylase, and leukocyte count in an experimental superior mesenteric arterial ...
Bastiaanse Jacqueline - - 2005
Hypothermia is an important preservation method for tissues and solid organs. The aim of the present study was to assess in rat cremaster muscle the effect of hypothermia, without or with pre-ischaemic HTK (histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate-Bretschneider solution) perfusion, on microvascular consequences of 4 or 6 h ischaemia and 2 h of reperfusion. ...
Xia Zhengyuan - - 2005
Reactive oxygen species induce formation of 15-F(2t)-isoprostane (15-F(2t)-IsoP), a specific marker of in vivo lipid peroxidation, which is increased after myocardial ischemia and during the subsequent reperfusion. 15-F(2t)-IsoP possesses potent bioactivity under pathophysiological conditions. However, it remains unknown whether 15-F(2t)-IsoP, by itself, can influence myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Adult rat ...
Cabrera Marco E - - 2005
The heart is capable of altering its metabolic rate during exercise or ischemia. Under most state transitions, the heart maintains the concentration of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) at relatively constant values, in spite of large fluctuations in metabolic rate or in the delivery of fuels and oxygen. However, the mechanisms responsible ...
Zhang Shengxiang - - 2005
Current therapeutic windows for effective application of thrombolytic agents are within 3-6 h of stroke. Although treatment can improve outcome, it is unclear what happens to synaptic fine structure during this critical period in vivo. The relationship between microcirculation and dendritic spine structure was determined in mouse somatosensory neurons during ...
Ovchinnikov Vladislav - - 2005
Regional reductions in norepinephrine-tracer uptake are found in pigs with hibernating myocardium. Clinical studies would suggest that this is evidence for denervation; however, the functional responses to sympathetic stimulation have not been evaluated, and our previous studies with beta-adrenergic stimulation have not suggested denervation hypersensitivity. Therefore, pigs were chronically instrumented ...
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