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Snijders Tim - - 2010
Endurance-type exercise training represents a cornerstone in type 2 diabetes treatment. However, the effects of prolonged continuous, endurance-type exercise on muscle fiber characteristics remain equivocal. Fifteen obese male type 2 diabetes patients (61 ± 6 years) participated in a 6-month continuous, endurance-type exercise program. Muscle biopsies were collected before, and ...
Gatta Lucia - - 2012
We studied the effect of a short-term (3weeks) exercise training program on the number of circulating CD34/KDR(+) endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and on serum levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients as well as on serum capacity to foster colony forming units-endothelial cells (CFU-ECs) in vitro. ...
Thompson Melissa D - - 2011
Elevation of the arm during a dynamic scaption exercise will result in a progressive narrowing of the acromiohumeral interval (AHI); however, the addition of a load will not significantly affect the AHI in healthy baseball players. Thirteen healthy baseball players performed a seated scaption exercise from 0° to 90°, with ...
Matthews Martyn J - - 2010
The aim of the study was to investigate the acute effect of a heavy resisted sprint when used as a preload exercise to enhance subsequent 25-m on-ice sprint performance. Eleven competitive ice-hockey players (mean ± SD: Age = 22.09 ± 3.05 years; Body Mass = 83.47 ± 11.7 kg; Height ...
Macleod H - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of 2% hypohydration on skill performance in elite female field hockey players following intermittent exercise in the heat. Eight elite female field hockey players performed 50 min of a field hockey-specific intermittent treadmill running protocol (FHITP) in hot environmental conditions (33 °C, ...
Twomey Dara M - - 2011
In sports injury prevention field trials, data collectors are often club volunteers with considerable knowledge of the game but with limited detailed medical backgrounds or knowledge of formal scientific processes. The aim of this paper is to determine the agreement among trained primary data collectors (PDCs) with a sport science ...
Chaouachi Anis - - 2010
The ability to perform high-intensity intermittent exercise (i.e., Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test [Yo-Yo IR1]) and to repeat sprints with relatively short recovery times (i.e., 20- to 30-seconds, relatively short time interval [repeated sprint ability (RSA)]) has been shown to be relevant fitness variables in soccer. However, though they potentially share ...
Stroud Leah C - - 2010
Historically, video games required little physical exertion, but new systems utilize handheld accelerometers that require upper-body movement. It is not fully understood if the metabolic workload while playing these games is sufficient to replace routine physical activity. The purpose of this study was to quantify metabolic workloads and estimate caloric ...
Mohr M - - 2010
The study examines fatigue in elite soccer played in hot conditions. High-profile soccer players (n=20) were studied during match play at ∼31 °C. Repeated sprint and jump performances were assessed in rested state and after a game and activity profile was examined. Additionally, heart rate (HR), blood lactate, muscle temperature ...
Castagna Carlo - - 2010
The aim of this study was to provide evidence for specific physiological demands of a futsal time-motion analysis devised progressive and intermittent shuttle-running test (futsal intermittent endurance test [FIET]). Eighteen full-time professional futsal players (age 20.6 +/- 3.1 years, body mass 71.6 +/- 8.5 kg, height 175 +/- 7.9 cm) ...
Sporis Goran - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to describe the structural and functional characteristics of elite Croatian handball players and to evaluate whether the players in different positional roles have different physical and physiological profiles. According to the positional roles, players were categorized as goalkeepers (n = 13), wing players (n ...
Croft Louise - - 2010
To examine the physiological profiles of wheelchair basketball and tennis and specifically to: (a) identify if there are differences in the physiological profiles of wheelchair basketball and tennis players of a similar playing standard, (b) to determine whether the competitive physiological demands of these sports differed (c) and to explore ...
Knight James F - - 2010
By exploiting video games technology, serious games strive to deliver affordable, accessible and usable interactive virtual worlds, supporting applications in training, education, marketing and design. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of such a serious game in the teaching of major incident triage by comparing ...
Ben Abdelkrim Nidhal - - 2010
The aim of this research was to examine the demands of competitive basketball games and to study the relationship between athletes' physical capability and game performance. Physical and physiological game demands and the association of relevant field test with game performance were examined in 18 male junior basketball players. Computerized ...
Ebben William P - - 2010
The ability to develop force quickly is a requisite ability in most sports. The reactive strength index (RSI) has been developed as a measure of explosive strength and is derived by evaluating jump height divided by ground contact time during the depth jump (DJ). At present, the RSI is typically ...
Buchheit Martin - - 2010
In this study, the performance and selected physiological responses to team-sport specific repeated-sprint and jump sequence were investigated. On four occasions, 13 team-sport players (22 ± 3 year) performed alternatively six repeated maximal straight-line or shuttle-sprints interspersed with a jump ([RS(+j), 6 × 25 m] or [RSS(+j), 6 × (2 ...
He Cheng-Shiun - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine the changes and relationships of immune and stress parameters of basketball players during a basketball season. Eight members of National Taichung University basketball team volunteered to participate. Saliva samples were collected at rest and before the start of practice or competition at ...
da Silva Juliano Fernandes - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to examine the aerobic fitness and the physiological demands during competitive games in elite handball referees. Sixteen referees (age: 34.9 +/- 3.4 years, body mass: 77.4 +/- 10.6 kg, height: 173.5 +/- 7.5 cm, percent fat: 22.3 +/- 6.6%) of national and international ...
Esformes Joseph I - - 2010
The performance characteristics of skeletal muscle are transient in nature and have been shown to be significantly affected by its contractile history, where the phenomenon of acute enhancement is termed postactivation potentiation (PAP). Acute enhancement of dynamic activity has been observed when preceded by resistance exercises; however little information exists ...
Kaplan Turgut - - 2010
The aim of this study is to evaluate repeated sprinting ability and fatigue index of amateur soccer players according to their positions. A total of 85 amateur soccer players were examined in different clubs in Turkey. The repeated sprint test, which was designed by Bangsbo, was used for soccer players. ...
Dai Boyi - - 2010
Ankle sprain is a common injury in volleyball. Poor stabilometric performance (SP) is associated with high risks of sustaining ankle sprain. Balance training can improve SP and reduce ankle sprain, but no research has studied the effects of detraining on SP in highly trained athletes. The purpose of this study ...
Ebben William P - - 2010
Concurrent activation potentiation enhances muscular force during open kinetic chain isometric and isokinetic exercises via remote voluntary contractions (RVCs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of RVCs on the performance of closed kinetic chain ground-based exercises. Subjects included 13 men (21.4+/-1.5 years) who performed the back ...
Linder Elizabeth E - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of postactivation potentiation (PAP) on track-sprint performance after a preload set of 4 repetition maximum (4RM) parallel back half-squat exercises in collegiate women. All subjects (n = 12) participated in 2 testing sessions over a 3-week period. During the first ...
Fernandez-Rio Javier - - 2010
The goal of this research project was to investigate the long-term effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on force production. Thirty-one female basketball players were randomly distributed in an experimental group: VG (vibration) and a control group: CG (no vibration). Both groups participated in the same training program; however, the ...
McCann Matthew R - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine if a power exercise would lead to greater postactivation potentiation (PAP) than a strength exercise, if a 4-or 5-minute rest interval led to greater PAP, the extent to which PAP was an individual phenomenon, and the effect of PAP on the ground ...
Andersson Helena A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare movement pattern, fatigue development, and heart rate (HR) for top-class elite female players when playing international (INT) vs. domestic league games (DOM). Video-based time-motion analyses and HR recordings were performed on 17 players during INT and DOM. The distances covered in high-intensity ...
Arent Shawn M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine changes in performance and metabolic parameters in collegiate soccer players during preseason preparation and to determine the impact of a nutraceutical blend proposed to reduce oxidative stress. Male Division I college soccer players (n = 22) performed a progressive maximal treadmill test ...
Gorostiaga Esteban M - - 2010
This study described the effects of 6 typical high-intensity intermittent running training sessions of varying distances (60-300 m) and intensities (80-105% of the individual best 400-m record time) on blood ammonia and lactate concentration changes and on vertical jumping height, in twelve 400-m elite male runners. At the end of ...
Gelen Ertugrul - - 2010
Although pre-event static stretching is an accepted practice in most athletics program, pre-event dynamic exercise is becoming popular. The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of different warm-up methods on soccer performance. Twenty-six professional soccer players (23.3 +/- 3.2 years, 178.2 +/- 6.1 cm, and 73.0 ...
Maio Alves José Manuel Vilaça - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to analyze the short-term effects of complex and contrast training (CCT) on vertical jump (squat and countermovement jump), sprint (5 and 15 m), and agility (505 Agility Test) abilities in soccer players. Twenty-three young elite Portuguese soccer players (age 17.4 +/- 0.6 years) were ...
Zagatto Alessandro M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to verify the physiological responses and the match characteristics of table tennis and also to compare these responses in 2 different performance-level athletes from official tournaments. Twenty male table tennis players (12 regional experience-RP and 8 national and international experience-NP) were participants in the ...
Gray Adrian J - - 2010
Australian Football, the most popular football code in Australia, is a contact sport played by two teams of 18 players who contest play over four 20-minute quarters; the object of the game is to score the most points through goal kicking. Sixteen professional senior sides compete against each other in ...
Krustrup P - - 2010
The present review addresses the physiological demands during recreational football training and the effects on central health variables that influence the risk of life-style diseases of young and middle-aged men. Recent studies have established that recreational football, carried out as small-sided games can be characterized as having a high aerobic ...
Molacek Zachary D - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of acute low- and high-volume static and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching on 1-repetition maximum (1RM) bench press. Fifteen healthy male National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II football players (age: 19.9 +/- 1.1 years; weight: 98.89 +/- 13.39 kg; height: ...
Minett Geoff - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of an acute multinutrient supplement on game-based running performance, peak power output, anaerobic by-products, hormonal profiles, markers of muscle damage, and perceived muscular soreness before, immediately after, and 24 h following competitive rugby union games. METHODS: Twelve male rugby union players ingested either a comprehensive ...
Wong Pui-lam - - 2010
This study examined the effect of concurrent muscular strength and high-intensity running interval training on professional soccer players' explosive performances and aerobic endurance. Thirty-nine players participated in the study, where both the experimental group (EG, n = 20) and control group (CG, n = 19) participated in 8 weeks of ...
Montgomery Paul G - - 2010
PURPOSE: To characterize the physical and physiological responses during different basketball practice drills and games. METHODS: Male basketball players (n=11; 19.1+/-2.1 y, 1.91+/-0.09 m, 87.9+/-15.1 kg; mean+/-SD) completed offensive and defensive practice drills, half court 5on5 scrimmage play, and competitive games. Heart rate, VO2, and triaxial accelerometer data (physical demand) ...
Bevan Huw R - - 2010
After a bout of high-intensity exercise of short duration (preload stimulus), the muscle is in both a fatigued and potentiated (referred to as postactivation potentiation [PAP]) state. Consequently, subsequent muscle performance depends on the balance of these 2 factors. Although research has shown PAP to be an effective method of ...
Roberts Simon P - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study presents an exercise protocol utilizing movement patterns specific to rugby union forward and assesses the reproducibility of scores from this test. METHODS: After habituation, eight participants (mean+/-SD: age=21+/-3 y, height=180+/-4 cm, body mass=83.9+/-3.9 kg) performed the Bath University Rugby Shuttle Test (BURST) on two occasions, 1 wk ...
Wong Pui-lam - - 2010
This study examined the effects of on-field combined strength and power training (CSPT) on physical performance among U-14 young soccer players. Players were assigned to experimental (EG, n = 28) and control groups (CG, n = 23). Both groups underwent preseason soccer training for 12 weeks. EG performed CSPT twice ...
Córdova A - - 2010
Our aim was to evaluate the chronic effects of training and competition during a 4-month season on immune response in professional volleyball players. Players took part in an incremental maximal cycling test at the beginning and at the end of the season. As control group, subjects with regular recreational activity ...
Ebben William P - - 2010
Plyometric exercises are frequently used in strength and conditioning and rehabilitation programs because the landing phase of these exercises requires dynamic stabilization. This study examined the differences in landing stability of a variety of plyometric exercises by assessing time to stabilization (TTS), its reliability, and sex differences therein. Forty-nine men ...
Krustrup Peter - - 2010
The purpose was to examine the fatigue pattern of elite female soccer players after competitive games. Soccer players (n = 23) from the Danish women Premier League performed a countermovement vertical jump test, a repeated 30-m sprint test, and the Yo-Yo intermittent endurance level 2 (Yo-Yo IE2) test at rested ...
Ali A - - 2011
Ten females performed 90 min of the Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test (LIST) on two occasions separated by 7 days. Water [3 mL/kg body mass (BM)] was provided every 15 min during exercise (FL); no fluid was given in the other trial (NF). Participants performed the Loughborough Soccer Passing Test (LSPT) before and every ...
Koulouri Christina - - 2010
This study investigates the evolution of the historiography of Greek sport from the foundation of the Greek state (1830) until 1982 and its links with Greek national history, which also took shape primarily during the nineteenth century. The gradual 'nationalisation' of sport as an element of Greek national character since ...
Poderys Jonas - - 2010
The aim of this study was to complement an analytical approach by new methodology of data sequences analysis of muscular and cardiovascular indices during the assessments of functional state. The participants of the study were 14 elite Greco-roman wrestlers and they underwent two exercise tests 30 squats per 45 s ...
Wallace Brian J - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to quantify the vertical ground reaction forces (VGRFs) developed during the performance of popular bilateral plyometric movements. Fourteen power-oriented track and field men of collegiate and national level randomly performed 3 trials of 9 different bilateral plyometric exercises in a single testing session. Three ...
Ebben William P - - 2010
This study evaluated impulse (I), peak ground reaction forces (GRF), and the rate of force development (RFD) of a variety of exercise modes for the purpose of estimating the magnitude and rate of mechanical loading as a measure of osteogenic potential. Twenty-three subjects participated in this study (mean +/- SD, ...
Dalrymple Kortney J - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of stretching on peak jump height during a series of vertical jumps, specifically focusing on a) static stretching (SS), b) dynamic stretching (DS) and c) no stretching (NS) performed immediately before a series of countermovement vertical jumps (CMJ). Twelve female ...
Kadaja Lumme - - 2010
The present study was undertaken to characterize and review the changes in energy metabolism in rat myocardium in response to chronic exhaustive exercise. It was shown that a treadmill exercise program applied for six weeks led the rats into a state characterized by decreased performance, loss of body weight and ...
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