Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1054
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Hersh Craig P - - 2007
In the National Emphysema Treatment Trial (NETT), marked variability in response to lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) was observed. We sought to identify genetic differences which may explain some of this variability. In 203 subjects from the NETT Genetics Ancillary Study, four outcome measures were used to define response to ...
Häussermann Sabine - - 2007
In this study, the influence of lung function on lung deposition of a radioactively labeled Formotoerol HFA MDI (Forair) was investigated. Eighteen subjects were measured: 6 healthy subjects (FEV(1) = 107% pred), 6 patients with Asthma (FEV(1) = 72% pred), and 6 patients with COPD (FEV(1) = 40% pred). The ...
Hlastala Michael P - - 2007
Highly soluble gases exchange primarily with the bronchial circulation through pulmonary airway tissue. Because of this airway exchange, the assumption that end-exhaled alcohol concentration (EEAC) is equal to alveolar alcohol concentration (AAC) cannot be true. During exhalation, breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) decreases due to uptake of ethanol by the airway ...
Lipsett Jill - - 2006
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in humans increases the risk of lung disease and impaired function suggesting that adverse intra-uterine conditions can alter lung development. We hypothesized that placental restriction (PR) of fetal growth would alter lung structure in late gestation. PR involved removal of implantation sites in pre-pregnant ewes. Normal ...
Flaishon R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis can lead to increased pulmonary vascular permeability and respiratory failure. Oxidants (and their generator, xanthine oxidase (XO)) play an important role in injuring the structural integrity of the pulmonary epithelium and endothelium, but their importance in the induction of acute lung injury following pancreas ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) has ...
Verges S - - 2006
This study was performed to determine the influence of single and repetitive exercise on nitric oxide (NO) concentration in the lung. Exhaled NO concentration (FE(NO)) was measured during a constant-flow exhalation manoeuvre (170 ml x s(-1), against a 10 cmH2O resistance) in healthy individuals (a) during and after a 100-min ...
Kaminsky David A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The diffusing capacity of the lung is usually reported as both the diffusing capacity (DLCO) and the diffusing capacity divided by the alveolar volume (DLCO/VA). However, it is unclear which measure to use when interpreting pulmonary gas exchange. We therefore conducted this study to determine whether the DLCO or ...
Dal Corso S - - 2007
A 6-min step test (6MST) may constitute a practical method for routinely assessing effort tolerance and exercise-related oxyhaemoglobin desaturation (ERD) in the primary care of patients with interstitial lung disease. In total, 31 patients (19 males) with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (n = 25) and chronic hypersensitivity pneumonia were submitted, on ...
Taveira-DaSilva Angelo M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare disease that is characterized by proliferation of abnormal smooth muscle-like cells (LAM cells), which leads to the formation of lung cysts, fluid-filled cystic structures in the axial lymphatics, and abdominal tumors. It primarily affects women. METHODS: The authors present a review of large series, ...
Antoniou K M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the possible association of the lung clearance of 99mTc-DTPA scan with HRCT lung abnormalities and with the pulmonary function tests [PFTs] in patients with sarcoidosis. METHODS: We studied prospectively 15 patients [5 males, 10 females] of median age 46yr [range 27-67] ...
van Putte Bart P - - 2006
Isolated lung perfusion (ILuP) is an experimental technique for the treatment of pulmonary metastases. We hypothesized that part of the drug taken up by the lung during ILuP is washed out during the flush procedure. Therefore, we investigated gemcitabine uptake at different inflow concentrations, and the effect of delayed clamp ...
Snyder Eric M - - 2006
Hypoxia and hypoxic exercise increase pulmonary arterial pressure, cause pulmonary capillary recruitment, and may influence the ability of the lungs to regulate fluid. To examine the influence of hypoxia, alone and combined with exercise, on lung fluid balance, we studied 25 healthy subjects after 17-h exposure to 12.5% inspired oxygen ...
Naunheim Keith S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The National Emphysema Treatment Trial defined subgroups of patients with severe emphysema in whom lung-volume-reduction surgery (LVRS) improved survival and function at 2 years. Two additional years of follow-up provide valuable information regarding durability. METHODS: A total of 1218 patients with severe emphysema were randomized to receive LVRS or ...
Lee J M - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to compare the amounts of in vivo coagulation obtained by radiofrequency (RF) ablation in porcine lung, using three types of electrodes. 15 in vivo ablation procedures were performed in the lungs of five pigs using three kinds of currently available RF devices under CT ...
Barreto M - - 2006
Smoking is harmful for respiratory function. In young to middle-aged men the damage is insidious and difficult to demonstrate. The respiratory impairment could increase under specific stressful conditions in the professional environment. On the hypothesis that exhaled markers are useful for assessing airway susceptibility to inhaled irritants, we measured exhaled ...
Graham Jacob R - - 2006
Respiratory disturbances play a central role in chemical warfare nerve agent (CWNA) induced toxicity; they are the starting point of mass casualty and the major cause of death. We developed a microinstillation technique of inhalation exposure to nerve agent VX and assessed lung injury by biochemical analysis of the bronchoalveolar ...
Busch Thilo - - 2006
Beneficial effects of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) on arterial oxygenation in acute lung injury (ALI) suggest the presence of vasoconstriction in ventilated lung regions and this may be influenced by endothelin-1 (ET-1). We studied a possible interaction between ET-1 and iNO in experimental ALI. Sixteen piglets were anesthetized and mechanically ...
Matthews Iren Lindbak - - 2006
Most children with functionally univentricular hearts nowadays are treated surgically by creating a total cavopulmonary connection. In the resulting Fontan circulation, the venous return and the pulmonary arterial bed are coupled in series, bypassing the heart. This gives the potential for interaction between the abnormal circulation and function of the ...
Agostoni Piergiuseppe - - 2007
In heart failure lung dysfunction is frequent and is greater the greater the heart failure severity. It can be evaluated in terms of lung mechanics and gas diffusion. Indeed heart-lung interaction is related to heart dimensions and lung fluid content; furthermore heart-lung interaction is influenced by the body position. Lung ...
Allen Gilman B GB Vermont Lung Center, Department of Medicine, University of Vermont, Fletcher Allen Health Care, Burlington, VT 05405, USA. - - 2006
Low tidal volume (Vt) ventilation is protective against ventilator-induced lung injury but can promote development of atelectasis. Periodic deep inflation (DI) can open the lung, but if delivered too frequently may cause damage via repeated overdistention. We therefore examined the effects of varying DI frequency on lung mechanics, gas exchange, ...
Handojo Tjandra - - 2006
Spirometry is an efficient and clinically useful tool in the diagnosis and management of chronic lung disease. It relies on an appreciation of normal lung function that can vary between populations. In order to improve the utility of spirometry, gas transfer and lung volume measures for clinical and research use ...
Enkhbaatar Perenlei - - 2006
Excessive NO has been shown to play a major role in the pathogenesis of multiple organ dysfunctions in septic condition. Burn injury, especially if it is associated with smoke inhalation, is often complicated by subsequent development of pneumonia or sepsis that determine the outcome. In the present study, we developed ...
Vogelsinger Helene - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Tissue concentrations of amphotericin B were determined in autopsy material of patients who had been treated with liposomal amphotericin B or amphotericin B colloidal dispersion (colloidal amphotericin B) for suspected or proven invasive fungal infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Amphotericin B tissue levels were measured in liver, spleen, lung, kidney, ...
Wang Jeng-Shing - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of lung resection on lung function and exercise capacity values, including diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (Dlco), during exercise, and to determine whether postoperative lung function, including exercise capacity and Dlco during exercise, could be predicted from preoperative lung function and the ...
Hsia Connie C W - - 2006
Recent data from our laboratory are presented concerning alveolar septal adaptation following 42-45% lung resection by left pneumonectomy (PNX) in adult foxhounds compared to sham-operated control animals. Results confirm our previous conclusion that compensation in the remaining lung occurs without a net growth of additional alveolar septal tissue. The major ...
Martinez Fernando J - - 2006
Limited data exist describing risk factors for mortality in patients having predominantly emphysema. A total of 609 patients with severe emphysema (ages 40-83 yr; 64.2% male) randomized to the medical therapy arm of the National Emphysema Treatment Trial formed the study group. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to ...
Thorsen E - - 2006
A reduction in transfer factor of the lung for carbon monoxide (Tl(co)) is a consistent finding after saturation dives and is reported after some open sea air dives. Several diving associated factors may contribute to this reduction in Tl(co) including hyperoxia, venous gas microembolism, increased breathing resistance and immersion. Exercise, ...
Yadollahi Azadeh - - 2006
Heart sounds are the main unavoidable interference in lung sound recording and analysis. Hence, several techniques have been developed to reduce or cancel heart sounds (HS) from lung sound records. The first step in most HS cancellation techniques is to detect the segments including HS. This paper proposes a novel ...
Vrijlandt Elianne J L E - - 2006
RATIONALE: Limited information is available about the long-term outcome of lung function and exercise capacity in young adults born prematurely. OBJECTIVE: To determine long-term effects of prematurity on lung function (volumes, diffusing capacity) and exercise capacity in ex-preterms compared with healthy peers. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, children born ...
Yun Tae-Jin - - 2006
Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) is generally believed to be elevated after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) due to whole body inflammation. Aprotinin has an antiinflammatory action, and it was hypothesized that aprotinin would attenuate the PVR increase induced by CPB. Ten mongrel dogs were placed under moderately hypothermic CPB for 2 hr. ...
Smith J A JA North West Lung Centre, South Manchester University Hospitals Trust, UK. - - 2006
Little is known about cough frequency in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). This study aimed to determine (1) daytime and overnight cough rates in patients with CF at the beginning and end of a course of antibiotics for treatment of an exacerbation; (2) the relationship between cough frequencies and standard ...
Su Shu-Hui - - 2005
Severe exercise augments the phagocytic capability of bronchoalveolar macrophages (BAMs) in the absence of pulmonary surfactant, a lung immunity modulator in vivo. This study was to investigate whether the exercise effect on BAM phagocytosis is partially mediated by surfactant components. Male BALB/c mice (9-12 wk old) were divided into control ...
Salamand Agnés - - 2006
Pulmonary margination of neutrophils may contribute to lung damage after extracorporeal circulation for cardiac surgery. We evaluated single-pass pulmonary neutrophil kinetics using the multiple indicator-dilution technique in control pigs (n = 10), after sternotomy alone (sterno, n = 10) or after 30 min of observation following a period of 90 ...
Kim Sungheon - - 2005
The time dependence of the apparent diffusion tensor of ex vivo calf heart and tongue was measured for diffusion times (tau(d)) between 32 and 810 ms. The results showed evidence of restricted diffusion in the muscle tissues of both organs. In regions where the myofibers are parallel, the largest eigenvalue ...
Yokota Hajime - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was performed to investigate the lactate, creatine, and choline changes in excised rabbit lung metabolites using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rabbit lung was preserved with -20 degrees C 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) solution until used, and the lactate, creatine, and choline levels of ...
Huang Yuh-Chin T - - 2006
The single exhalation analysis of carbon monoxide, acetylene, and methane allows the determination of intrabreath (regional) DL, pulmonary capillary blood flow and ventilation inhomogeneities during rest and exercise. We reasoned that this technique might be more sensitive in detecting regional pulmonary capillary abnormalities than resting single breath DL (DL(sb)). We ...
Pierce Robert J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary hypertension is a putative risk factor for lung resection but catheter measurements are invasive. The aim of the present study was to assess prediction of mortality and complications from lung resection by Doppler echocardiographic estimates of pulmonary artery pressure (PAp) and soluble gas uptake estimates of effective pulmonary ...
Kawut Steven M - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Diffuse parenchymal lung disease is associated with a high risk of mortality despite early referral and listing for lung transplantation. We hypothesized that cardiopulmonary exercise test results and the distance walked in 6min (6MWTD) would be associated with survival in patients with diffuse parenchymal lung disease referred for ...
Chuang Ming-Lung - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Diaphragmatic excursion, lung function, exercise performance, and clinical symptoms have not been previously described in patients after phrenic nerve transfer (PNT) and/or multiple intercostal nerve transfer (MIT) for the repair of avulsed brachial plexus injury (ABPI) to prevent functional musculoskeletal impairment in the shoulder. SETTING: A university-based hospital. METHODS: ...
Wiryawan Budi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of low-bias flow oscillation (LBFO) with partial liquid ventilation (PLV) on perfluorochemical evaporation, histopathology, and oxidative tissue damage in an animal model of acute lung injury. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized animal study. SETTING: Research laboratory of a health sciences university. SUBJECTS: Twelve New Zealand White rabbits. ...
Kaya Seyda Ors - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Various techniques to reduce air space after pulmonary lobectomy especially for lung cancer have been an important concern in thoracic surgical practice. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) injection into the diaphragm to reduce air space after right lower pulmonary ...
McDonough Paul - - 2006
In a previous study, our laboratory showed that young dogs born at sea level (SL) and raised from 2.5 mo of age to beyond somatic maturity at a high altitude (HA) of 3,100 m show enhanced resting lung function (Johnson RL Jr, Cassidy SS, Grover RF, Schutte JE, and Epstein ...
Canals Mauricio - - 2005
We studied structure and function of the respiratory system in the bat Tadarida brasiliensis and compared it with those of two species of rodents, Abrothrix andinus and A. olivaceus. Tadarida brasiliensis had lower resting oxygen consumption, but higher maximum oxygen consumption and aerobic scope, than the rodents. The blood-gas barrier ...
Guazzi Marco - - 2005
In heart failure (HF), changes in lung mechanics and gas diffusion are limiting factors to exercise. Their contribution to an increased exercise ventilation to CO2 production (VE/VCO2) slope is undefined. A total of 67 stable HF patients underwent cardiopulmonary exercise and pulmonary function tests, including forced vital capacity (FVC), forced ...
Tetzlaff Kay - - 2005
It is increasingly recognized that professional diving may elicit adverse long-term effects on the lungs, but conflicting results have been reported from distinct diving cohorts. This study reports the longitudinal change in lung function in professional divers who employ closed-circuit oxygen rebreathing apparatuses. All oxygen divers who attended the German ...
Runciman S - - 2005
Pelicans produce altricial chicks that develop into some of the largest birds capable of sustained flight. We traced pulmonary morphological development in the Australian pelican, Pelicanus conspicillatus, from third trimester embryos to adults. We described growth and development with allometric relationships between lung components and body mass or lung volume, ...
Lovering Andrew T - - 2005
During maximal exercise, the gas exchange function of the lung is challenged because of the major cardiopulmonary changes that must occur to meet the increased metabolic demands imposed by exercise. In healthy untrained young adults, the respiratory system is able to meet these demands imposed on it during maximal exercise ...
Siddiqui Qamar A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Lung function tests are an important investigative tool in diagnosing respiratory diseases, judging their severity and assessing prognosis. The primary aim of the present study was to assess whether Ramadan fasting affected normal lung function values. METHODOLOGY: Forty-six non-smoking healthy males, with a mean age of 24.2 years (SD ...
Guldiken Sibel - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms of dyspnea and exercise intolerance have not been fully elucidated. We aimed to investigate the clearance rate of technetium-99m diethyltriaminepentaaceticacid (Tc-99m DTPA) from lungs in hyperthyroid patients without clinical evidence of lung disease and to explore the interactions between their Tc-99m DTPA radioaerosol lung scintigraphy, spirometric measurements, ...
van der Lee I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The diffusion capacity of the lung for nitric oxide (DLNO) is supposed to reflect the properties of the alveolocapillary membrane better than the diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO), due to a much stronger binding of NO to haemoglobin (Hb). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study ...
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