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Wheatley Courtney M - - 2011
Lung diffusing capacity (DLCO) is influenced by alveolar-capillary membrane conductance (D (M)) and pulmonary capillary blood volume (V (C)), both of which can be impaired in sedentary type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) subjects due to hyperglycemia. We sought to determine if T1DM, and glycemic control, affected DLNO, DLCO, D (M), ...
Escamilla Rafael F - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare cruciate ligament forces between the forward lunge with a short step (forward lunge short) and the forward lunge with a long step (forward lunge long). Eighteen subjects used their 12-repetition maximum weight while performing the forward lunge short and long with and ...
Ko Il Gyu - - 2010
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) commonly occurs in women, and it causes enormous impact on quality of life. Surgery, drugs, and exercise have been recommended for the treatment of this disease. Among these exercise is also known to be effective for relieving thesymptoms of SUI, however, the efficacy and underlying mechanisms ...
Sciurba Frank C - - 2010
Endobronchial valves that allow air to escape from a pulmonary lobe but not enter it can induce a reduction in lobar volume that may thereby improve lung function and exercise tolerance in patients with pulmonary hyperinflation related to advanced emphysema. We compared the safety and efficacy of endobronchial-valve therapy in ...
Berger Robert L - - 2010
Observational and randomized studies provide convincing evidence that lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) improves symptoms, lung function, exercise tolerance, and life span in well-defined subsets of patients with emphysema. Yet, in the face of an estimated 3 million patients with emphysema in the United States, < 15 LVRS operations are ...
Chandra Divay - - 2010
It is unclear if lung perfusion can predict response to lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS). To study the role of perfusion scintigraphy in patient selection for LVRS. We performed an intention-to-treat analysis of 1,045 of 1,218 patients enrolled in the National Emphysema Treatment Trial who were non-high risk for LVRS ...
Criner Gerard J - - 2010
Emphysema is a disabling and progressive disease that is hallmarked by decreased exercise tolerance and impaired quality of life. Hyperinflation is the sentinel physiological characteristic of emphysema that has been shown to be responsible for exercise intolerance, dyspnea, impaired quality of life, and mortality. Surgical interventions that reduce lung volume ...
Lema?tre Frederic - - 2010
This study was conducted to determine whether ventilatory parameters would change in breath-hold divers (BHDs) after they performed the glossopharyngeal technique for lung insufflation. Fifteen elite BHDs, 16 non-expert BHDs and 15 control subjects participated in this cross-sectional study. Volumes and expiratory flow rates were measured twice, before and after ...
Tzani Panagiota - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Despite the lung involvement in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), the significance of lung function abnormalities to functional status in these patients is still controversial. We postulated that in patients with CHF, resting lung function assessment may provide information of clinical relevance on exercise capacity, expressed as peak ...
Taveira-DaSilva Angelo M - - 2010
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a multisystem disease of women, characterized by proliferation of abnormal smooth muscle-like cells (LAM cells) that can metastasize, leading to the formation of lung cysts, fluid-filled cystic structures in the axial lymphatics (e.g., lymphangioleiomyomas), and angiomyolipomas, benign tumors usually involving the kidneys, comprising LAM cells and adipocytes, ...
Marulli Giuseppe - - 2010
The effect of induction chemotherapy (IC) on lung function and exercise capacity in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has not been largely examined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in pulmonary function and oxygen consumption following IC in patients with MPM. Between 2004 and 2009, ...
Wickerson Lisa - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Lung transplant recipients experience persistent impairments in exercise capacity and skeletal muscle function despite a vast improvement in lung function after transplantation. Exercise training may be beneficial in improving exercise capacity in lung transplant recipients. A systematic review was undertaken to examine the evidence for exercise training on functional ...
Campione Andrea - - 2010
Traditional algorithms suggest a stepwise approach to the functional evaluation of candidates for lung resection. A cardiopulmonary exercise test is incorporated as a supplementary test for patients with borderline pulmonary predicted values, and sometimes as a first screening test for cardiac risk evaluation. To assess the predictive weight of exercise ...
Ramos Daniel Souza - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise decreases pulmonary inflammation and remodeling in experimental models of allergic asthma. However, the effects of aerobic exercise on pulmonary inflammation of nonallergic origin, such as in experimental models of acute lung injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the effects ...
Holland Anne E - - 2010
Exercise limitation is a cardinal feature of the interstitial lung diseases and is frequently associated with marked dyspnoea on exertion. People with interstitial lung disease exhibit a rapid, shallow breathing pattern during exercise that worsens as disease progresses. Despite this, ventilatory mechanics are not the major limitation to exercise in ...
Arai Takeshi - - 2010
The objectives of this study were to examine the relationship between a screening score for frailty in the elderly, the Basic checklist, and physical function, and to investigate the factors associated with the effects of exercise intervention in community-dwelling frail elderly in Japan. We enrolled 44 subjects aged 65 years ...
Helmich Ingo - - 2010
The impact of physical activity on brain metabolic functions has been investigated in different studies and there is growing evidence that exercise can be used as a preventive and rehabilitative intervention in the treatment of depressive disorders. However, the exact neuronal mechanisms underlying the latter phenomenon have not been clearly ...
Correia Paulo Roberto - - 2010
Blood neurotrophins, such as the brain-derived neurotrophic factor, are considered to be of great importance in mediating the benefits of physical exercise. In this study, the effect of acute strength exercise and the involvement of small versus large muscle mass on the levels of plasma brain-derived neurotrophic factor were evaluated ...
Martínez-Llorens J - - 2010
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) can lead to ventilatory restriction, respiratory muscle weakness and exercise limitation. However, both the causes and the extent of muscle dysfunction remain unclear. The aim of our study is to describe muscle weakness and its relationship to lung function and tolerance to exercise in AIS patients. ...
Washko George R - - 2010
Previous investigations have identified several potential predictors of outcomes from lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS). A concern regarding these studies has been their small sample size, which may limit generalizability. We therefore sought to examine radiographic and physiologic predictors of surgical outcomes in a large, multicenter clinical investigation, the National ...
Maguire G P - - 2009
SETTING: Tuberculosis treatment clinic in Papua, Indonesia. OBJECTIVE: To document the impact of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) on lung function, exercise tolerance and quality of life (QOL). DESIGN: A prospective cohort study of 115 patients with smear-positive PTB followed for 6 months. Demographics, disease history, sputum microbiology, spirometry, 6-minute weight.walk distance ...
Buschmann H-C - - 2010
Exercise dyspnea is a common symptom of restrictive lung diseases. Not only from the clinical perspective but also from the pathophysiological point of view, restrictive lung disorders represent a very heterogeneous group of diseases. Exercise testing is mandatory because pulmonary function tests at rest are not reliable for the diagnostic ...
Lemaître Frederic - - 2009
This study was conducted to determine whether ventilatory parameters would change in breath-hold divers (BHDs) after they performed the glossopharyngeal technique for lung insufflation. Fifteen elite BHDs, 16 non-expert BHDs and 15 control subjects participated in this cross-sectional study. Volumes and expiratory flow rates were measured twice, before and after ...
Lalande S S Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA. - - 2010
The heart and lungs are closely linked as they lie in series, share a common surface area and compete for space within the thoracic cavity. The heart and lungs are exposed to the similar changes in intrathoracic pressure, and reflexes within one organ can influence the other (i.e. vagal influence ...
Mathur Sunita - - 2009
The benefits of exercise training in individuals with chronic lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis, and interstitial lung disease have been well documented. Although there is limited research available, it appears that exercise is safe and beneficial for people with severe end-stage chronic lung disease who ...
Agostoni Piergiuseppe - - 2009
The present review focuses on the effects of beta-blockers on lung function in HF patients. Indeed, historically, beta-blockers have been considered not indicated in the presence of impaired lung function but recently this concept has been challenged. Lung function abnormalities are part of the chronic HF syndrome, as both lung ...
Varela Gonzalo - - 2010
Exercise tests are considered the most reliable ones for the preoperative workup of lung resection candidates but frequently are indicated only in cases with low predicted postoperative forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV1) and carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO). The aim of this investigation is to evaluate if a simple, ...
Aliverti A - - 2009
Breath-by-breath (BbB) oxygen uptake rate (V(O)(2)) was measured at the mouth (MO) and at the alveolar level, at the onset of square wave cycling exercise of moderate intensity in six healthy male subjects. Alveolar BbB V(O)(2) values were calculated correcting MO V(O)(2) values by (i) estimating (GR); and (ii) measuring ...
Jones Lee W - - 2009
A lung cancer diagnosis and associated therapeutic management are associated with unique and varying degrees of adverse physical/functional impairments that dramatically reduce patients' ability to tolerate exercise. Poor exercise capacity predisposes to increased susceptibility to other common age-related diseases, poor quality of life, and likely premature death. This article reviews ...
Ozalevli Sevgi - - 2010
GOALS OF WORK: The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of the in-patient chest physiotherapy (ICP) in patients with lung cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients with stage IIIA, IIIB, or IV lung cancer (3 females and 15 males) were included. The demographic characteristics and the clinical ...
Brunelli Alessandro - - 2009
The European Respiratory Society (ERS) and the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) established a joint task force with the purpose to develop clinical evidence-based guidelines on evaluation of fitness for radical therapy in patients with lung cancer. The following topics were discussed, and are summarized in the final report ...
Jones Lee W - - 2009
Systemic inflammation plays an important role in the initiation, promotion, and progression of lung carcinogenesis. The effects of interventions to lower inflammation have not been explored. Accordingly, we conducted a pilot study to explore the effects of exercise training on changes in biomarkers of systemic inflammation among patients with malignant ...
Lima Mariana S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP), survival can be predicted on the basis of the severity of fibrosis in surgical lung biopsy, but few data are available on the influence of clinical, functional, tomographic and histologic findings on prognosis. OBJECTIVES: To describe the impact on survival of clinical data, histological patterns, ...
Magrì Damiano - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surfactant protein type B (SPB) is needed for alveolar gas exchange. SPB is increased in the plasma of patients with heart failure (HF), with a concentration that is higher when HF severity is highest. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between plasma SPB and both ...
Jani Jacques C - - 2009
Fetal tracheal occlusion (TO) is currently used to treat severe cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (DH). Clinical and experimental studies suggest an improved postnatal outcome, but lung tissue mechanics after TO have not been studied. We determined the effect of TO on mechanical impedance and lung tissue components in a ...
Villani F - - 2009
The combination of mediastinal radiotherapy (RT) and polychemotherapy (CT) regimens can produce late toxic pulmonary and cardiac effects which often remain at the subclinical level. The aim of the present study was to investigate the cardiopulmonary response to exercise in this kind of patient. Therefore, 126 patients suffering from Hodgkin's ...
Skloot Gwen S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have demonstrated an initial high prevalence of spirometric abnormalities following World Trade Center (WTC) disaster exposure. We assessed prevalence of spirometric abnormalities and changes in spirometry between baseline and first follow-up evaluation in participants in the WTC Worker and Volunteer Medical Monitoring Program. We also determined the ...
Mayer Oscar Henry - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR) has been inserted in children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome for the last decade to expand and support the chest and allow for further lung growth. There are minimal published data evaluating the postoperative change in lung function after VEPTR insertion. We hypothesize ...
Ochs Robert A RA Department of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024-2926, USA. - - 2009
To retrospectively investigate the prevalence of tracheal collapse in an emphysema cohort. The occurrence of a large degree of tracheal collapse may have important implications for the clinical management of respiratory symptoms and air trapping in patients with emphysema. Paired full-inspiratory and end-expiratory thin-section volumetric computed tomographic scans were available ...
Tanigawa N - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the appearance of microbubbles during radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of lung tumours. Eight consecutive patients (mean age, 73.1 years; 3 men and 5 women; 10 malignant lesions; mean lesion size, 24.8 mm) who underwent RFA of lung tumours using internally cooled single electrodes ...
MacDonald Shawna M SM Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, 02139, - - 2009
The classic Hering-Breuer inflation reflex (HBIR) is a widely held tenet for understanding the lung volume-related vagal control of respiratory rhythm. Recent evidence, however, has revealed that the fictive HBIR elicited by electrical vagal stimulation in rats is not static but may be attenuated centrally by two forms of non-associative ...
Grant Caroline A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of lung recruitment manoeuvres is to open collapsed lung regions, improve gas exchange and optimise regional lung mechanics. This study investigates the efficacy of recruitment manoeuvres for improving regional ventilation distribution as characterised using electrical impedance tomography (EIT). DESIGN, SUBJECTS, INTERVENTIONS: A ventilated ovine smoke inhalation lung ...
Warms Catherine A - - 2008
The purposes of this study were to (1) describe physical activity of adult manual wheelchair users as measured by wrist actigraphy and two self-report measures, (2) compare exercisers and nonexercisers on measures of physical activity, and (3) examine the relationships between three activity measures. Fifty manual wheelchair users wore an ...
Nicolacakis Katina - - 2008
To explore whether asthma and obesity share overlapping pathogenic features, we examined the impact of each alone, and in combination, on multiple aspects of lung function. We reasoned that if they influenced the lungs through similar mechanisms, the individual physiological manifestations in the comorbid state should interact in a complex ...
Yamamoto Masaki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The time course of oxidative stress involving nitric oxide (NO) after myocardial ischemia reperfusion (MIR) has not been elucidated in detail, so the present study was designed to assess the dynamics of oxidative stress after MIR, urinary excretion of oxidized bilirubin metabolites (ie, biopyrrins) and their generation in various ...
Coxson H O - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to correlate clinical outcome measures following treatment with bronchial valves with regional lung volume. Computed tomography (CT) scan data from 57 subjects with severe emphysema were obtained from nine North American clinical trial sites. IBV(R) Valves (Spiration, Inc., Redmond, WA, USA) were placed ...
Aliverti Andrea - - 2008
This short review summarizes how lung and chest wall mechanics can be modelled and which are the mechanical constraints imposed on the ventilatory system and its components during exercise. In healthy humans the structural and functional characteristics of the ventilator pump are able to meet the increased demands of ventilation ...
Kushibe Keiji - - 2008
The aim of this study was to compare the changes in ventilatory capacity, exercise capacity, and pulmonary blood flow (PBF) in the operated lung after lobectomy according to the lobe resected. Thirty-one patients underwent right upper lobectomy (RUL), 26 left upper lobectomy (LUL), 24 right lower lobectomy (RLL), and 25 ...
Smith Lucia Jane - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In the past 20 years, there has been an increase in survivors of very preterm birth, but little is known regarding their long-term respiratory and fitness outcomes. We aimed to assess the 10-year lung function and fitness outcomes for children who were born weighing <1000 g and before 32 ...
Carbonnelle Sylviane - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether a swimming session performed in a pool sanitized with chlorine-based agents induces lung inflammation, modifies lung epithelium permeability, and alters lung function. METHODS: Eleven volunteers performed two standardized swimming sessions: one in a nonchlorinated indoor swimming pool and the other ...
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