Search Results
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Rincón Ana - - 2005
It has been postulated that osmotic effects on plant tissue are mediated by abscisic acid (ABA). Hybrid larch (Larix kaempferi (Lambert) Carr. x L. decidua Mill.) plantlets, transformed with the ABA-inducible wheat Em promoter associated with the Gus reporter gene, were axenically inoculated with two ectomycorrhizal fungi: Cenococcum geophilum Fr., ...
Murai Hisayoshi - - 2006
Recording of neural firing from single-unit muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) is a new strategy offering information about the frequency of pure sympathetic firing. However, it is uncertain whether and when single-unit MSNA would be more useful than multiunit MSNA for analysis of various physiological stresses in humans. In 15 ...
Homma Shinji - - 2005
Electrogastrograms (EGGs), heart and respiratory rates were recorded simultaneously from human subjects and analyzed spectrally by the maximal entropy method. The stress of the mirror drawing test (MDT) significantly increased both the heart and respiratory rates with an associated increase in LF/HF ratios. MDT stress, however, increased (excited groups) or ...
Clow A - - 2006
Salivary free cortisol concentrations in the first 30 min after awakening were assessed in 12 healthy army recruits at the beginning, middle and end of an 11-week intensive physical training course. To ensure strict adherence to protocol saliva collection was supervised and collected on each sampling day immediately on waking ...
Hilberg Thomas - - 2005
To clarify stress-induced immunological reactions and molecular events during exercise and the potential relevance to exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, transcriptional responses to standardized physical stress were determined. Six healthy, young volunteers underwent an endurance exercise of 90% of their individual anaerobic threshold for 90 min. Time-dependent alterations in the expression pattern of ...
Nater Urs Markus - - 2006
The salivary enzyme alpha-amylase has been proposed to indicate stress-reactive bodily changes. A previous study by the authors revealed marked increases in salivary alpha-amylase following psychosocial stress, indicating a stress-dependent activation of salivary alpha-amylase. Salivary alpha-amylase has been suggested to reflect catecholaminergic reactivity. Our aim was to assess/evaluate a possible ...
Yadav Raj Kumar - - 2005
Oxidative stress contributes to the process of aging as well as a variety of chronic degenerative diseases. There are indications that psychological stress increases oxidative stress whereas relaxation decreases it. We have measured the concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in blood as an indicator of oxidative stress at ...
Fleshner Monika - - 2005
A physically active lifestyle incurs many health benefits. One recently recognized benefit of regular moderate exercise is stress reduction. The current review develops the hypothesis that physical activity may prevent stress-induced suppression of the immune system and suggests an immunophysiological mechanism (sympathetic nervous system constraint) for this effect.
Eid Jarle - - 2005
The current study examined the relationship between dispositional optimism and situation awareness. A sample of 77 Royal Norwegian Naval Academy and 57 Royal Norwegian Army Academy cadets were administered the Life Orientation Test prior to participating in a field-training exercise involving a series of challenging missions. Following an infantry mission ...
Brown Culum - - 2005
We subjected fish from regions of high and low levels of predation pressure in four independent streams to a mild stressor and recorded their opercular beat rates. Fish from low-predation areas showed higher maximum, minimum and mean opercular beat frequencies than fish from high-predation regions. The change in opercular beat ...
Ring Christopher - - 2005
It has been suggested that the psychological stress associated with competitive sports events may help to explain the increased susceptibility to respiratory infections due to reductions in secretory immunity. In the current study, we investigated the influence of competitive exercise and psychological stress on secretory immunoglobulin A (s-IgA). Salivary s-IgA ...
Rozanski Alan - - 2005
Recent evidence suggests that positive psychologic factors may be protective against coronary artery disease (CAD). We consider this possibility through a paradigm that explores three interrelated factors that may promote healthy psychologic functioning: vitality, emotional flexibility, and coping flexibility. Vitality is a positive and restorative emotional state that is associated ...
Keller Tony S - - 2005
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Sagittal profiles of the spine have been hypothesized to influence spinal coupling and loads on spinal tissues. PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between thoracolumbar spine sagittal morphology and intervertebral disc loads and stresses. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study evaluating sagittal X-ray geometry and postural loading in asymptomatic men ...
Baroud G - - 2005
The field of injectable calcium phosphate suspensions and cements is experiencing vigorous research activity. This is stimulated by their importance for the cement augmentation procedure (vertebroplasty), which is an emerging procedure to treat osteoporotic fragility fractures. The rheological properties such as the yield stress and viscosity play an important role ...
Blumenthal James A JA Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2005
Observational studies have shown that psychosocial factors are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, but the effects of behavioral interventions on psychosocial and medical end points remain uncertain. To determine the effect of 2 behavioral programs, aerobic exercise training and stress management training, with routine medical care ...
Nishino Takashi - - 2005
Severe respiratory stress causes dyspnea, and a sudden release of this stress frequently accompanies a euphoric sensation. We hypothesized that acute severe respiratory stress may result in an elaboration of endogenous opioids within the central nervous system, and that these opioids may play significant roles in relieving dyspnea and generating ...
Kimura Hiroko - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Immunologic activity and stress level in practitioners of the Nishino breathing method were assayed before and after 90 minutes of an exercise class, in order to assess the value of the method. BACKGROUND: The Nishino Breathing Method was developed by Kozo Nishino, a former ballet choreographer and a master ...
Lieberman Harris R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Military exercises generate high levels of stress to simulate combat, providing a unique opportunity to examine cognitive and physiologic responses of normal humans to acute stress. METHODS: Cognitive and physiologic markers of stress were evaluated before, during, and after an intense training exercise conducted for 53 hours in the ...
Werz Mary Ann - - 2005
Loss of consciousness limited to exercise should suggest a cardiovascular etiology even when clonic activity is reported. Infrequently, epilepsy patients report a preponderance of their seizures related to exertion. In these patients, seizures also occur independent of exercise. This is a report of a normal young adult woman with episodes ...
Richell Rebecca A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previous research provides evidence linking serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) with stress and depression. The controllable/uncontrollable (C/UC) stress paradigm aims to generate a state/condition, namely a feeling of lack of control in the context of a stressor, which might be an important factor in precipitating a negative mood state. Acute tryptophan ...
DeHoff Paul H - - 2006
In recent years metal-free ceramic systems have become increasingly popular in dental practice because of their superior aesthetics, chemical durability and biocompatibility. Recently, manufacturers have proposed new dental ceramic systems that are advertised as being suitable for posterior fixed partial dentures (FPDs). Reports indicate that some of these systems have ...
Kiraly Michael A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To review salient basic research regarding physical exercise as a major protective factor against hippocampal degradation and to emphasize its relevance to humans. METHOD: Recent mammalian and human research literature search and theoretical discussion. RESULTS: The cascade of cellular damages from oxidative stress, nitrosative stress and gluco-corticoid effects are ...
Oosterhof Thomas - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In patients with an intra-atrial correction for transposition of the great arteries (TGA) an abnormal response to stress testing is common. However, hemodynamic responses may vary substantially when different stress tests are used. We compared the hemodynamic response to dobutamine stress with the response to physical exercise in patients ...
Boyce W Thomas - - 2005
Biological reactivity to psychological stressors comprises a complex, integrated, and highly conserved repertoire of central neural and peripheral neuroendocrine responses designed to prepare the organism for challenge or threat. Developmental experience plays a role, along with heritable, polygenic variation, in calibrating the response dynamics of these systems, with early adversity ...
Daughters Stacey B - - 2005
The present study tested the theory that negative affect and one's ability to tolerate distress is associated with failure to quit gambling during an abstinence attempt. Specifically, 16 current pathological gamblers who had at least one sustained period of gambling abstinence lasting a minimum of 3 months (i.e., delayed relapsers) ...
Romero L Michael - - 2005
Evaluating corticosterone (CORT) responses to stress in free-living vertebrates requires knowing the unstressed titers prior to capture. Based upon laboratory data, the assumption has been that samples collected in less than 3 min of capture will reflect these unstressed concentrations. This assumption was tested for six species using samples collected ...
Li Zhi-Yong ZY Department of Radiology, University of Cambridge and Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, - - 2005
Atheromatous plaque rupture is the cause of the majority of strokes and heart attacks in the developed world. The role of calcium deposits and their contribution to plaque vulnerability are controversial. Some studies have suggested that calcified plaque tends to be more stable whereas others have suggested the opposite. This ...
Shi Yong-De - - 2004
AIM: To study the changes in rheological properties, namely the parameters of the hysteresis loops and yield stress versus time for human semen after ejaculation. METHODS: Ejaculates were obtained from volunteers and immediately put into the test cup of a Brookfield Programmable DV-11 Rheometer, by which the hysteresis loops and ...
Rohleder Nicolas - - 2004
Assessment of sympathoadrenal medullary system (SAM) activity is only possible to date via measurement of catecholamines in blood plasma or via electrophysiological methods. Both ways of measurement are restricted to endocrinological or psychophysiological laboratories, as both require either immediate freezing of blood samples or complex recording devices. Efforts have therefore ...
Yin J - - 2004
The aim was to investigate gastric myoelectrical activity (GMA) and vagal activity in response to stress. The study was performed in 10 healthy subjects in three sessions (control, relaxation and stress). The control session was composed of 30-min recordings before and 30-min recordings after a test meal. The protocol of ...
Meyerhoff James L - - 2004
Police trainees who were ready to graduate from the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) volunteered to participate in an exercise designed to evaluate their survivability. In a highly stressful interactive scenario, which included a hostage situation, performance was evaluated for a range of responses, including: shooting judgment and accuracy, ...
Ryoo Han C - - 2004
The relationship between human consciousness and oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) in cerebral tissue under high +Gz stress was non-invasively monitored by near-infrared multiple wavelength spectroscopy (NIRS). We studied the drop in rSO(2) levels in human subjects during exposure to various head-to-foot acceleration (+Gz) profiles. These profiles included sustained +Gz plateaus and ...
Vishnevskii E L - - 2004
Cytochemical activity of succinate dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase in blood lymphocytes, activity of hydroperoxides, MDA, and blood plasma antioxidants were studied in experimental animals during immobilization stress after preliminary injection of doxazosin. Preliminary adrenergic receptor blockade prevented changes in cell metabolism characteristic of immobilization stress. The role of adrenergic regulation ...
Balcombe Jonathan P - - 2004
Eighty published studies were appraised to document the potential stress associated with three routine laboratory procedures commonly performed on animals: handling, blood collection, and orogastric gavage. We defined handling as any non-invasive manipulation occurring as part of routine husbandry, including lifting an animal and cleaning or moving an animal's cage. ...
Kaye Joey - - 2004
Lactation has been associated with suppression of some components of the neuroendocrine stress response. In humans, suppression of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been demonstrated in response to both a psychological and an exercise challenge, but appears to be limited to a short period of time following suckling. Information regarding ...
Mirka Gary A - - 2005
Commercial fishing is a job characterized by long hours in an unpredictable, dynamic natural environment and variable demands placed on the musculoskeletal system, requiring strength, coordination, and endurance. The focus of this project was in the quantification of the biomechanical stresses placed on the lumbar spine during the work activities ...
Xu D X - - 2004
We propose and demonstrate the use of the cladding stress-induced photoelastic effect to eliminate modal birefringence in silicon-on-insulator (SOI) ridge waveguides. Birefringence-free operation was achieved for waveguides with otherwise large birefringence by use of properly chosen thickness and stress of the upper cladding layer. With the stress levels typically found ...
Filaire Edith - - 2004
We investigated whether psychological and physical stress induced by training or competition influence the secretory immune system among 12 highly trained young female gymnasts. Salivary levels of secretory IgA and cortisol responses to gymnastic training session or competition were assessed a total of 10 times, immediately before and after two ...
Solano J - - 2004
Although the order of entry to a handling chute is related to social rank, it is still not clear what the consequences are for Zebu cattle of occupying different ranks when being exposed repeatedly to a stressful handling procedure. Eighteen Brahman cows were observed for 243 h to obtain information ...
Saha Samir K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) quantified by tissue Doppler (TVI) have improved the diagnostic capacity of the procedure. Quantification of other stress modalities, e.g. adenosine stress echo (ASE) and exercise stress echocardiography (ESE) are necessary for assessing any pathophysiological differences in different forms of stress. METHODS: Ten healthy individuals underwent ...
Vrijkotte Tanja G M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Work stress is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Exaggerated cardiovascular reactivity to work-related stressors or incomplete recovery after work is a proposed mechanism underlying this increase in risk. This study examined the effects of work stress on 24-hour profiles of the pre-ejection period (PEP), a ...
Navare Sachin M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although pharmacologic stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and exercise stress MPI have comparable diagnostic accuracy, their comparative value for risk stratification of patients with known or suspected coronary disease is not known. METHODS AND RESULTS: The data of 14,918 patients were combined from 24 studies evaluating prognosis in patients ...
Jürimäe J - - 2004
In this study, the effect of rapidly increased training volume on performance, recovery-stress state and stress hormones over a six-day training camp were investigated in competitive male rowers (n=21). The training regimen consisted mainly of low-intensity on-water rowing and resistance training, in total 19.6+/-3.8 hrs, corresponding to approximately 100% increase ...
Nalivaiko E - - 2004
We examined the effect of CP-154,526 on cardiovascular changes elicited in conscious rabbits by stressful stimuli (loud sound, cage move, pinprick, formaldehyde vapour and air-jet stress). CP-154,526 substantially reduced pressor and heart rate responses to these stimuli (both vagally and sympathetically mediated), and reduced QT shortening during air-jet stress. Blocking ...
Roy Debashis - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) is a new marker of myocardial ischemia, there is concern that IMA concentrations may be affected by ischemia occurring in tissues other than the myocardium. METHODS: We assessed 23 consecutive patients (15 males; mean age, 67 years) with typical leg claudication and documented peripheral vascular disease ...
Kocsy Gábor - - 2004
The effect of osmotic stress on glutathione and hydroxymethylglutathione levels was compared in three wheat genotypes and two 5A chromosome substitution lines. Freezing-tolerant genotypes seemed also to be tolerant to osmotic stress induced by polyethylene glycol (PEG), since their fresh weight was not affected by the treatment. However, the growth ...
Wu Wen-Chih - - 2004
Stress echocardiography is a useful noninvasive modality for measuring dynamic outflow gradient and contractility changes in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) or dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). In patients with HCM, stress echocardiography may determine the degree of outflow tract obstruction at rest and with activity, can detect occult systolic dysfunction in ...
Eid Jarle - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Emotional stress could impair cognitive performance and decision-making in the initial period within a disabled submarine (SUBSUNK). The aim of the present study was to explore stress reactions over time in submarine crewmembers exposed to a simulated SUBSUNK trial. METHODS: There were 18 Norwegian sailors who were confined within ...
Sumida S - - 2004
Thioredoxin (TRX) is a stress-inducible protein with diverse intracellular functions, which is expressed under conditions of oxidative stress. Exercise is known to cause oxidative stress by the generation of oxygen radicals from various biological pathways. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of TRX induction of cellular ...
Parshad O - - 2004
The state of the mind and that of the body are intimately related. If the mind is relaxed, the muscles in the body will also be relaxed. Stress produces a state of physical and mental tension. Yoga, developed thousands of years ago, is recognized as a form of mind-body medicine. ...
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