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Results 251 - 300 of 770
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van Rensburg S J - - 2006
There is growing consensus in the literature that oxidation status is increased in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and that antioxidant supplementation as prevention or treatment strategy should be investigated further. In the present study the total antioxidant status (TAS) was found to be highly significantly lower in 22 AD patients (p ...
Karamustafalioglu Oguz K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A 20-month prospective follow-up of survivors of the severe earthquake in Turkey in 1999 examined the natural course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the contribution of different symptom clusters to the emergence of PTSD. METHOD: Subjects were randomly sampled in a suburb of Istanbul that was severely affected ...
Liao Fulong - - 2006
Flowing blood is more than a drug transporter in pharmacology; its mechanical impact should also be considered. The in vitro pharmacological dose-response pattern of endothelial cellular functions can be significantly modified by in vivo shear stress. A new borderline discipline, biomechanopharmacology, is forming at the boundary between biomechanics and pharmacology. ...
Agarwal Ashok - - 2006
Varicocele is one of the leading causes of male infertility, and is present in almost 40% of infertile males. Recent understanding of the role of oxidative stress in male reproduction has led some researchers to postulate oxidative stress as the possible cause of sperm dysfunction in varicocele patients. The objective ...
Eid Jarle - - 2006
The present study examined the relationship between peritraumatic dissociation, hardiness, and military performance in Norwegian Navy officer cadets (N = 80) after a simulated prisoner of war (POW) exercise. The cadets reported symptoms of peritraumatic amnesia, depersonalization, and derealization in response to a mild stress experience (time point 1) and ...
Müller H-P - - 2006
In 1992, Brockmeier et al. showed that there is a strong difference in magnetocardiography (MCG)-detected field distribution generated by the heart at rest and under stress. To study the possible clinical applications of this finding, it is convenient to avoid pharmacological stress and to perform stress MCG (SMCG) using conventional ...
Wilson Rick W - - 2006
GOALS OF WORK: This pilot project explored the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of a self-administered exercise and stress management intervention for cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine of 56 eligible patients (acceptance =69%) with a variety of solid tumors volunteered for the study. Participants were advised to exercise ...
Müller Claudia - - 2006
Birds may react to the presence of humans with an immediate primary behavioural reaction and with physiological responses, such as the activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis. This study investigates the suite of behavioural and adrenocortical responses to the presence of humans and to handling in two subspecies of blue tits ...
Tang Beverly T - - 2006
Localization of atherosclerotic lesions in the abdominal aorta has been previously correlated to areas of adverse hemodynamic conditions, such as flow recirculation, low mean wall shear stress, and high temporal oscillations in shear. Along with its many systemic benefits, exercise is also proposed to have local benefits in the vasculature ...
Bramsen Inge - - 2006
Little is known about the effects of cumulative trauma and whether traumatized individuals are more vulnerable. In 2000, a fireworks disaster created the possibility to examine this issue among World War II survivors who were part of an ongoing longitudinal study. Between 1998 and 2000 posttraumatic stress increased in disaster ...
Killgore William D S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Deployment to a combat zone is undoubtedly an extremely stressful experience. It was hypothesized that, when faced with an impending wartime deployment, soldiers with prior combat experience would report minimal emotional problems accompanied by high rates of somatic complaints compared with combat-naive soldiers. METHODS: Self-reports of posttraumatic stress disorder ...
Teixeira de Castro Renata Rodrigues - - 2006
Activation of the sympathetic nervous system plays a major role in the pathogenesis and prognosis of cardiovascular diseases. Rilmenidine is an I(1)-imidazoline receptor agonist that reduces blood pressure by modulation of central sympathetic activity, but the effects of low-dose rilmenidine on the hemodynamic responses to physiological maneuvers that increase adrenergic ...
Paridon Stephen M - - 2006
This statement is an updated report of the American Heart Association's previous publications on exercise in children. In this statement, exercise laboratory requirements for environment, equipment, staffing, and procedures are presented. Indications and contraindications to stress testing are discussed, as are types of testing protocols and the use of pharmacological ...
Siniatchkin Michael - - 2006
Migraine patients are characterized by increased amplitudes and reduced habituation of the contingent negative variation (CNV) response, especially before a migraine attack. As shown previously, migraine provoking and precipitating agents can cause CNV abnormalities. However, it is unclear whether the temporal relation to the migraine attack determines how the brain ...
Stranahan Alexis M AM Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, - - 2006
Social isolation can exacerbate the negative consequences of stress and increase the risk of developing psychopathology. However, the influence of living alone on experiences generally considered to be beneficial to the brain, such as physical exercise, remains unknown. We report here that individual housing precludes the positive influence of short-term ...
Yamaguchi M - - 2006
In Japan, forest-air bathing and walking (shinrin-yoku) has been proposed as a health-facilitating activity in which people spend a short period of time in a forest environment. Initially, we examined the usefulness of salivary amylase activity as an indicator of an individual's stress levels in a forest environment. The circadian ...
Lambeth Susan P - - 2006
Positive reinforcement training (PRT) techniques have received considerable attention for their stress reduction potential in the behavioral management of captive nonhuman primates. However, few published empirical studies have provided physiological data to support this position. To address this issue, PRT techniques were used to train chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) to voluntarily ...
Semenova M A - - 2006
Castration of males and females reduces the sensitivity of cardiac chronotropic function to atropine and potentiates the vascular component in the reaction to atropine in females (during stress) and males (at rest and during stress). Our results show that estrogens and androgens increase the sensitivity of the cardiovascular system to ...
Lovallo William R WR Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA. - - 2006
Caffeine elevates cortisol secretion, and caffeine is often consumed in conjunction with exercise or mental stress. The interactions of caffeine and stress on cortisol secretion have not been explored adequately in women. We measured cortisol levels at eight times on days when healthy men and women consumed caffeine (250 mg ...
Verheyen K L P - - 2006
Few epidemiological studies have investigated risk factors for musculoskeletal injury occurring in Thoroughbred racehorses during training, although it is the major cause of wastage in the racing industry. We recently conducted a large-scale epidemiological study to estimate the incidence of fracture in racehorses in training in the UK and to ...
Garlid Keith D - - 2006
This study investigates the role of the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ channel (mitoKATP) in response to positive inotropic stress. In Langendorff-perfused rat hearts, inotropy was induced by increasing perfusate calcium to 4 mM, by adding 80 microM ouabain or 0.25 microM dobutamine. Each of these treatments resulted in a sustained increase ...
Ramachandruni Srikanth - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility that some patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) but negative exercise or chemical stress test results might have mental stress-induced ischemia. The study population consisted solely of those with negative test results. BACKGROUND: Mental stress-induced ischemia has been reported ...
Detling Nicole - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study examined the psychophysiologic responses of invasive cardiologists during cardiac catheterizations. Because occupations are most stressful when one is not in control, the effect of a teaching versus an autonomous role on the psychophysiologic response of invasive cardiologists was investigated. METHODS: The subjects were 9 invasive cardiologists. Psychophysiologic ...
Fediuc Sergiu - - 2006
Adaptations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis to voluntary exercise in rodents are not clear, because most investigations use forced-exercise protocols, which are associated with psychological stress. In the present study, we examined the effects of voluntary wheel running on the circadian corticosterone (Cort) rhythm as well as HPA axis responsiveness ...
Laperche Anne - - 2006
Low market prices and environmental concerns in Europe favor lower input wheat production systems. To efficiently breed for new varieties adapted to low input management while maintaining high yield levels, our objective was to characterize the heritability and its components for yield and nitrogen traits under different nitrogen levels. Two ...
Hackney Anthony C - - 2006
This article is a brief review on the effects of exercise stress upon the major hormonal components that make up the human neuroendocrine system. The review is organized into four major topics, which are presented and dealt with in the form of questions. These questions are: 1) Is exercise a ...
Hamer Mark - - 2006
Interventions that reduce the magnitude of psychobiological responses are justified, at least in part, by the notion that exaggerated responses to stress can have detrimental effects on health. The biological processes underlying the association between stress and coronary heart disease (CHD) are thought to involve haemodynamic, neuroendocrine, inflammatory and haemostatic ...
Botens-Helmus Christine - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A new instrument to assess stress scoliosis patients have whilst wearing their brace has been developed. Aim of this study was to test the reliability of this new instrument. METHODS: Eight questions are provided focussing on this topic only, including two questions to test the credibility. A max. score ...
Spoormaker Victor I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The goal of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of the cognitive-restructuring technique 'lucid dreaming treatment' (LDT) on chronic nightmares. Becoming lucid (realizing that one is dreaming) during a nightmare allows one to alter the nightmare storyline during the nightmare itself. METHODS: After having filled out a ...
Sarbadhikari Suptendra N - - 2006
Regular, "moderate", physical exercise is an established non-pharmacological form of treatment for depressive disorders. Brain lateralization has a significant role in the progress of depression. External stimuli such as various stressors or exercise influence the higher functions of the brain (cognition and affect). These effects often do not follow a ...
Linder Stephen Paul SP Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, - - 2006
The effect of exercise on the cardiovascular system has been studied extensively using a wide range of physiological sensors. Athletes now commonly use EKG-based monitors to ascertain heart rate, but these devices cannot directly monitor the level of physical stress. We hypothesize that the low frequency spindle waves seen in ...
Rudolf Jamie R - - 2005
Application of no postharvest stress or by size reduction, grinding, chopping, or slicing and exposure to UV light or ultrasound were investigated for the elicitation of trans-resveratrol, total phenolic compounds, and antioxidant activity (AOA) in peanut kernels. AOA and total phenolic compounds did not increase in stressed peanuts over incubation ...
Tanaka Yoshihide - - 2006
We have developed an analytical method using microchip capillary electrophoresis (microchip CE) for the high-speed separation of fluorescein-labeled salivary components in response to exercise stress. Optimal separation was obtained using a borate buffer at pH 9.5 containing 10 mM beta-cyclodextrin and 1.0% (w/v) methylcellulose. To minimize individual differences in human ...
Martimportugués-Goyenechea Clara - - 2005
Interactive effects of two environmental stressors when simultaneous ly present, i.e., noise and crowding, were analyzed. Four experimental conditions with two intensities of stress for each stressor (high versus low) were created. The stressors were concurrently introduced in laboratory conditions and their effects analyzed using several methodological approaches. More intense ...
Kim Dea-Wook - - 2005
By using an in vivo hydroponic rice seedling culture system, we investigated the physiological and biochemical responses of a model rice japonica cultivar Nipponbare to salt stress using proteomics and classical biochemical methods. Yoshida's nutrient solution (YS) was used to grow rice seedlings. YS-grown 18-day-old seedlings manifested highly stable and ...
Wheat Janelle M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: It is widely accepted that exercise-induced stunning has an impact on left ventricular ejection fraction (EF); yet, despite the recommendations of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, many departments only perform gated SPECT on stress studies. The aim of this investigation was to determine the relationship between rest EF ...
Pawlow Laura A - - 2005
This study examined the acute effects of relaxation training on salivary cortisol and salivary immunoglobulin A (sIgA). Members of age- and gender-matched undergraduate student pairs were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group. Forty-one experimental subjects were led through Abbreviated Progressive Relaxation Training (APRT) during a 1-h laboratory session; ...
Werner Sherry L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A significant number of time-loss injuries to the upper extremity in elite windmill softball pitchers has been documented. The number of outings and pitches thrown in 1 week for a softball pitcher is typically far in excess of those seen in baseball pitchers. Shoulder stress in professional baseball pitching ...
Baumann Nicola - - 2005
Three studies investigated the relevance of affect regulation, stressful life events, and congruence between explicit achievement orientation and implicit achievement motive for subjective well-being and symptom formation. According to personality systems interactions (PSI) theory, stressful life events were expected to reduce motive congruence when the ability to self-regulate affect was ...
Nakaya Yutaka - - 2005
DNA microarray was used to measure stress response by exercise in peripheral blood leukocytes. Aerobic exercise did not alter mRNA pattern or urinary secretion of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG). Strenuous exercise increased urinary secretion of 8-OHdG and altered mRNA pattern in microarray. These results suggest that moderate exercise, i. e. aerobic exercise, ...
Nakade Yukiomi - - 2006
Central corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) plays an important role in mediating restraint stress-induced delayed gastric emptying. However, it is unclear how restraint stress modulates gastric motility to delay gastric emptying. Inasmuch as solid gastric emptying is regulated via antropyloric coordination, we hypothesized that restraint stress impairs antropyloric coordination, resulting in delayed ...
Waters R Parrish - - 2005
Immobilization stress and physical activity separately influence monoaminergic function. In addition, it appears that stress and locomotion reciprocally modulate neuroendocrine responses, with forced exercise ameliorating stress-induced serotonergic activity in lizards. To investigate the interaction of forced physical activity and restraint stress on central dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), and epinephrine (Epi), ...
Schorlemmer Danijel - - 2005
The earthquake size distribution follows, in most instances, a power law, with the slope of this power law, the 'b value', commonly used to describe the relative occurrence of large and small events (a high b value indicates a larger proportion of small earthquakes, and vice versa). Statistically significant variations ...
Vanderkaay Melissa M - - 2006
This study was designed to assess the effects of nicotine and nicotine withdrawal on stress-induced hemoconcentration and cardiovascular reactivity during acute stress in smokers. Forty-six smokers (>or=10 cigarettes per day) were tested twice, once while wearing a 21 mg nicotine patch for 12h and once while wearing a placebo patch ...
Travis Brandon R - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Previous studies of leakage jet turbulence have been carried out in vitro, using a Newtonian fluid to simulate blood and large, rigid approximations to the chambers of the heart. The study aim was to apply an in-vivo method of quantifying leakage jet turbulence to ...
Slager C J - - 2005
American Heart Association type IV plaques consist of a lipid core covered by a fibrous cap, and develop at locations of eccentric low shear stress. Vascular remodeling initially preserves the lumen diameter while maintaining the low shear stress conditions that encourage plaque growth. When these plaques eventually start to intrude ...
Asthana Ravi K - - 2005
Anabaena 7120 cells were exposed to NaCl (25-175 mM) stress. Maximum growth was recorded in media containing 150mM NaCl. Short-term exposure (48h) of the cyanobacterial biomass to 150mM NaCl, induced highest trehalose level (37mM). Control cells lacking NaCl did not show any trace of trehalose as ascertained by NMR and ...
Mastorakos G - - 2005
Exercise represents a physical stress that challenges homeostasis. In response to this stressor, the autonomic nervous system and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis are known to react and participate in the maintenance of homeostasis and the development of physical fitness. This includes elevation of cortisol and catecholamines in plasma. However, physical conditioning is ...
Rincón Ana - - 2005
It has been postulated that osmotic effects on plant tissue are mediated by abscisic acid (ABA). Hybrid larch (Larix kaempferi (Lambert) Carr. x L. decidua Mill.) plantlets, transformed with the ABA-inducible wheat Em promoter associated with the Gus reporter gene, were axenically inoculated with two ectomycorrhizal fungi: Cenococcum geophilum Fr., ...
Murai Hisayoshi - - 2006
Recording of neural firing from single-unit muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) is a new strategy offering information about the frequency of pure sympathetic firing. However, it is uncertain whether and when single-unit MSNA would be more useful than multiunit MSNA for analysis of various physiological stresses in humans. In 15 ...
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