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Werneck Francisco Zacaron FZ Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Endocrine Service, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ; - - 2014
Background: Patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) have lower exercise tolerance, but oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics is unknown. This study evaluated VO2 kinetics during and after a constant load submaximal exercise in SCH. Methods: The study included 19 women with SCH (TSH = 6.87 ± 2.88 μIU / ml, T4 = ...
Irwin Christopher - - 2012
This study investigated the influence of exercise-induced dehydration on alcohol pharmacokinetics, subjective ratings of impairment, and risk-taking behaviours. Twelve male volunteers participated in 3 experimental trials completed in a randomised cross over design separated by at least 7days. In one trial, participants exercised to cause dehydration of ~2.5% body weight ...
Gavin Claire - - 2010
The comparative effects of aerobic and resistance exercise on triglyceride-rich lipoproteins including remnant lipoproteins are controversial. This study examined exercise effect on remnant-like lipoprotein particle cholesterol (RLP-C) in type 2 diabetes. Participants were randomized to control (Control), aerobic (Aerobic), resistance (Resistance), or both (Combined) exercise groups. Baseline and 6-month fasting ...
Chang Rei-Yeuh - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute effect of a single bout of Tai Chi (TC) exercise on adiponectin and glucose homeostasis in individuals with cardiovascular risk factors. Twenty-six individuals (mean age 60.2 years) with at least one cardiovascular risk factor who had been practicing Yang's style TC ...
Yoshida Hiroshi - - 2010
To examine the effects of supervised aerobic exercise training on serum adiponectin and lipids, including triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins, in moderate dyslipidemic subjects. Twenty-five dyslipidemic patients [mean body mass index (BMI)=24.6 kg/m²; mean age= 39 years; mean total cholesterol=226 mg/dL; mean TG=149 mg/dL] without metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and hypertension underwent supervised ...
Ghanbari-Niaki Abbass - - 2011
ATP-binding cassette transporters transfer a variety of substrates across the lipid bilayers in an energy-dependent manner. ABCA1 is a member of this family which plays a crucial role in plasma HDL-C metabolism. The purpose of this study was to investigate ABCA1 expression in lymphocytes, plasma lipids and lipoprotein levels in ...
Choi Eun-Young - - 2010
This study investigated the effect of coffee intake and exercise on the antioxidative activity and plasma cholesterol profile of physically trained rats while they were exercising. Forty eight rats were under either the control diet with water (C) or control diet with coffee (CF) and at the same time they ...
Zotou Evelin - - 2010
A single bout of endurance exercise lowers fasting and postprandial triglyceride (TG) concentrations in both men and women, by reducing TG in triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs). The effect of resistance exercise on TRL-TG metabolism is not known; previous studies only measured total plasma TG concentrations and provide conflicting results. Furthermore, none ...
Lira Fabio Santos - - 2010
This study examined the effects of acute supramaximal exercise (approximately 115% VO(2max)) on the blood lipid profile for three different carbohydrate (CHO) storage levels (control, low and high). Six male subjects were randomly divided into three different groups: control, low CHO and high CHO. These groups differed in the diet ...
Koh Yunsuk - - 2010
Niacin and exercise positively alter blood lipids and lipoproteins via different mechanisms. However, the effects of niacin combined with exercise on blood lipid and lipoprotein profiles have not been investigated in sedentary postmenopausal women. The current study examined the responses of blood lipids and lipoproteins to niacin and exercise in ...
Berent Robert - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR) is an important component of care for patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and has been well documented and promoted by various health organizations and position statements worldwide. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether patients readmitted to CR on average 16 months after ...
Ficker Elisabeth S - - 2010
Exercise training improves plasma lipid profile and diminishes risk of coronary heart disease. Previously, we showed that training increases LDL plasma clearance, as tested by an artificial LDL-like nanoemulsion method, presumably by increasing LDL receptor activity. In this study, we investigated whether training could also improve LDL clearance in hypercholesterolemic ...
Tani Shigemasa - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of lifestyle modification, mainly daily aerobic exercise, on coronary atherosclerosis in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). A 6-month prospective observational study was conducted with 84 CAD patients receiving pravastatin treatment in order to evaluate the relationship between lifestyle modification, ...
Henderson Gregory C - - 2010
It is known that chronic endurance training leads to improvements in the lipoprotein profile, but less is known about changes that occur during postexercise recovery acutely. We analyzed triglyceride (TG), cholesterol classes and apolipoproteins in samples collected before, during and after individual moderate- and hard-intensity exercise sessions in men and ...
Lira Fabio S - - 2010
The effects of chronic aerobic exercise upon lipid profile has been previously demonstrated, but few studies showed this effect under resistance exercise conditions. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of different resistance exercise loads on blood lipids. Thirty healthy, untrained male volunteers were allocated randomly into ...
Meissner Maxi - - 2010
Physical exercise beneficially impacts on the plasma lipoprotein profile as well as on the incidence of cardiovascular events and is therefore recommended in primary and secondary prevention strategies against atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. However, the underlying mechanisms of the protective effect of exercise remain largely unknown. Therefore, the present study tested ...
Lira Fabio S - - 2010
A sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, obesity, and diabetes. This phenomenon is supported by recent studies suggesting a chronic, low-grade inflammation status. Endotoxin derived from gut flora may be key to the development of inflammation by stimulating the secretion of inflammatory factors. This study aimed to ...
Martins Raul A - - 2010
The weakening of the cardiovascular system associated with aging could be countered by increasing levels of physical activity and functional fitness. However, inconsistent findings have been found, and the variety of characteristics of exercise used in previous studies may partly explain that inconsistent results. To investigate the training effect of ...
Tr?seid Marius - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that the metabolic syndrome is associated with a proinflammatory state. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) has been shown to be associated with multiple components of the syndrome and to predict the development of diabetes and cardiovascular events. The aim of the present work was to investigate if exercise ...
Kraus William E - - 2009
Lipids are a strong mediator of coronary artery disease and cardiovascular risk. Although the effects of exercise to improve high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and serum triglycerides (TGs) have been known for some time, the effects of different amounts and intensities of exercise on fasting and postprandial serum lipids are little ...
Kadoglou Nikolaos P E - - 2010
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of rosiglitazone and/or exercise training on novel cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. One hundred overweight/obese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, with inadequate glycemic control (hemoglobin A(1c) >7%) despite combined treatment with gliclazide plus metformin, were ...
Fett Carlos Alexandre - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Resisted and aerobic exercises are recommended to reduce weight and improve health, but which exercise modality offers the best results is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to compare circuit weight training (CWT) with jogging (JOGG) on multiple cardiovascular disease (CVD), metabolic risk factors and fitness ...
Xiang Guang-da - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Impairment of flow-mediated endothelium-dependent arterial dilation (FMD) exists in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (sHT). Several studies showed that exercise training can improve FMD in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we hypothesized that exercise training can also improve FMD in subjects with sHT. The purpose of ...
Karacabey Kursat - - 2009
This prospective, randomized study investigated the effect of exercise on leptin, insulin, cortisol and lipid profiles in obese children. A total of 40 obese boys aged 10 - 12 years with a body mass index (BMI) >or= 30 kg/m(2) were randomly separated into an exercise group (n = 20) that ...
Wooten Joshua S - - 2009
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the independent and combined effects of aerobic exercise and omega-3 fatty acid (n-3fa) supplementation on lipid and lipoproteins. Sedentary, normoglycemic, nonsmoking men (n = 11) were assigned to perform rest and exercise before and during n-3fa supplementation. Exercise consisted of 3 consecutive ...
Carvalho Joana - - 2010
This study intended to determine the effect of multicomponent exercise on blood lipid profile and on antioxidant capacity in older women. Forty women aged 60-80 years participated in a supervised multicomponent exercise program. Plasma contents of total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), ...
Coen Paul M - - 2009
Statin treatment and exercise training can improve lipid profile when administered separately. The efficacy of exercise and statin treatment combined, and its impact on myalgia and serum creatine kinase (CK) have not been completely addressed. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of statin treatment and the ...
Lira Fabio S - - 2009
A reduction in LDL cholesterol and an increase in HDL cholesterol levels are clinically relevant parameters for the treatment of dyslipidaemia, and exercise is often recommended as an intervention. This study aimed to examine the effects of acute, high-intensity exercise ( approximately 90% VO(2max)) and varying carbohydrate levels (control, low ...
Teramoto Masaru - - 2009
We investigated the effects of regular exercise on the plasma lipid levels that contribute to coronary heart disease (CHD), of 20 sedentary men who participated in an exercise program over 20 consecutive years. The men, whose initial ages ranged from 30-51 years, participated in the University of Nevada-based exercise program ...
Firestone Brian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Benefits of interventions are usually reported as relative risk reductions. Absolute risk reductions (ARRs)-most relevant to individual patients-are reported less often. OBJECTIVES: Estimate ARRs for interventions in a patient with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We used the Archimedes Risk Assessment Tool to estimate 10-year risks of myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular ...
Marques E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two exercise programs of 8 months duration on lipid profiles in older women. METHODS: In 2006, 77 women from Porto, Portugal, aged 60-79 years were randomly assigned into a multicomponent exercise (ME) program or resistance exercise (RE) program. ...
Plaisance Eric P - - 2009
Elevated fasting and postprandial serum triglyceride concentrations are associated with cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. Aerobic exercise reduces serum triglyceride concentrations in the presence or absence of weight loss. Although pharmacological interventions are often used in combination with aerobic exercise to achieve target triglyceride concentrations, information on the combined effects ...
Magkos Faidon - - 2009
Although the hypotriacylglycerolemic effect of exercise was described more than 40 years ago, the mechanisms responsible for triacylglycerol (TAG)-lowering have just recently started to be elucidated. Delayed-onset hypotriacylglycerolemia in the basal state, 1 day after a single bout of endurance exercise is due to augmented efficiency of very low-density lipoprotein ...
Brown Ann J - - 2009
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) commonly have insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is associated with marked abnormalities of lipoprotein size and subclass particle concentration. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a moderate-intensity exercise program without weight loss on lipoprotein profiles in women with PCOS. Thirty-seven ...
Jones Terry E TE Department of Physical Therapy, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA. - - 2009
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of long-term exercise training on concentrations of five hormones related to appetite and insulin resistance in overweight adolescents. In addition, we were interested in the relationships of these hormones with each other and with anthropometric and/or cardiovascular disease marker changes. ...
Kemmler Wolfgang - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of exercise based on a multiple purpose, high-intensity philosophy on parameters of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in older females with the MetS. METHODS: Thirty-two women (68.7 +/- 3.4 yr) with the MetS according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) took part in the exercise training (EG), ...
Magkos Faidon F Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, - - 2009
Hypertriacylglycerolaemia is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In men, we have shown that the effects of evening exercise on basal VLDL (very-low-density lipoprotein) metabolism are dose-dependent: a single prolonged bout of aerobic exercise [2 h at 60% of VO(2 peak) (peak oxygen consumption)] reduces fasting plasma TAG [triacylglycerol ...
Elmahgoub Sami Mohammed - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the effect of combined exercise training on indices of body composition, physical fitness and lipid profile in adolescents with mental retardation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty adolescents with mental retardation (total IQ, 45-70) received exercise training (n = 15) or no training (n = 15). Groups were ...
Lawrence, Tait
Does Baseline HDL-C Influence the Dose and Response Relationship Between Acute Exercise and Post-exercise HDL-C Improvement? Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) status (low vs. normal) affects the magnitude of post-exercise HDL-C changes over a 24 hour period and whether different ...
Eichenberger Philipp - - 2009
The consumption of green tea has been generally associated with beneficial effects on human whole-body metabolism and recent investigations with animals indicate favorable effects of green tea extracts (GTE) on energy metabolism during exercise and aerobic exercise performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of ...
Kawano Masayo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between lifestyle improvements, in particular increased cardio-respiratory fitness and changes in the blood lipid profile. METHODS: The participants were 217 residents of Fuji and Yamato Towns, Saga City, with mildly abnormal blood pressure, serum lipids or blood glucose detected at health check-ups in 2003. Participants ...
Cicero Arrigo Francesco Giuseppe - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term cardiometabolic effect of a sequential physical activity programme on pharmacologically untreated hypertensive overweight women and on age-matched men. METHODS: We enrolled 80 overweight patients with newly diagnosed hypertension, not treated with antihypertensive nor antihyperlipidaemic drugs or under stabilized treatment. After 3 months of AHA Step ...
Dalleck Lance C - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate whether, in a dose-response manner, there would be greater health benefits in a group of postmenopausal women completing 45 minute- vs. 30 minutes of moderate intensity (50% maximal oxygen uptake reserve, VO2R) exercise 5 days . wk(-1). METHODS: Apparently healthy but sedentary postmenopausal ...
Walker Ashley E AE Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, - - 2009
Aging is associated with reduced endothelium-dependent dilation (EDD) and increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the mechanisms are incompletely understood. Clinically elevated plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is associated with impaired EDD. The purpose of this study was to determine whether circulating LDL-C within the "normal" range modulates EDD ...
Gong Maokai - - 2008
Hepatic steatosis and steatohepatitis are frequent results of long-term ethanol exposure. We have previously demonstrated that long-term ethanol down-regulates Galbetal, 4GlcNAc alpha2, 6-sialyltransferase (ST6Gal1), leading to defective glycosylation of a number of proteins including apolipoprotein (apo) E and apo J and the appearance of asialoconjugates in the blood of continuously ...
Mestek Michael L - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: It is currently unclear as to how exercise prescription variables influence attenuations of postprandial lipemia (PPL) in men with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) after exercise. Therefore, the purposes of this investigation were to compare the effects of low- and moderate-intensity exercise and accumulated versus continuous exercise on PPL in ...
Obisesan Thomas O - - 2008
The objective of the study was to determine whether ethnicity interacts with the APOE genotype to influence conventionally measured high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) subfraction levels and nuclear magnetic resonance-measured (HDL(NMR)-C) particle size at baseline and after training, and the changes with training. After a 6-week dietary stabilization period, men and ...
Tambalis Konstantinos - - 2009
This review considers the effectiveness of aerobic exercise training with different intensities (moderate and high) as well as the type of exercise (aerobic, resistance, and combined aerobic with resistance) in altering the blood lipids. We reviewed various trials via a systematic search of PubMed, published reviews, and references from original ...
Liu Yen-Bin - - 2009
Significant cardiac neural and electrophysiologic remodeling occurs with hypercholesterolemia (HC). Whether simvastatin can reverse HC-induced remodeling is unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanisms underlying the antiarrhythmic effects of statins. Rabbits (N = 38) were fed HC chow (HC), standard chow (Control), HC chow followed by ...
Badger Stephen A - - 2009
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker of cardiovascular disease. The objective was to determine if abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and CRP serum concentration and its CRP gene are associated. AAA patients and AAA negative controls were recruited. CRP concentration was measured and the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs3091244, assessed. AAA ...
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