Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 706
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Mahanonda N - - 2000
Physical inactivity has been counted as a risk factor for coronary artery disease. Regular exercise has also been reported to reduce risk of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. We surveyed 3615 subjects for their conventional risk factors of coronary disease and for the frequency of their exercise. We found ...
Shigematsu R - - 2000
We attempted to determine the effectiveness of exercise prescription for women with hyperlipidemia (HL), because some HL women showed no significant improvement in serum lipid and lipoprotein profiles despite the continuation of exercise conditioning. We therefore tested the hypothesis that exercise can be clinically beneficial even when there are no ...
Adedeji O O - - 2000
Diet, alcohol consumption, smoking and exercise habits of randomly chosen 250 Nigerians were investigated by questionnaires. Most of the subjects, 67% were on carbohydrate diets, 50% were teetotal, 87.5% were non-smokers and 69% were not involved in exercise. The mean blood lipid levels of the Nigerians were within normal range, ...
Laaksonen D E - - 2000
PURPOSE: Despite the potential importance of favorable changes in the lipid profile produced by aerobic exercise, training-induced lipid profile changes in atherosclerosis-prone type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) have not heretofore been adequately addressed. METHODS: We assessed the effect of a 12- to 16-wk aerobic exercise program on cardiorespiratory fitness and ...
Doyle I R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We test the hypothesis that the changes we observed previously in the relative amounts of disaturated phospholipids (DSP), cholesterol (CHOL), and surfactant protein-A (SP-A) in human alveolar surfactant in response to acute exercise, and which were related to fitness, can be induced by training. METHODOLOGY: We examine the effect ...
Angotti C M - - 2000
PURPOSE: To elucidate a potential combined dietary and exercise intervention affect on cardiovascular risk reduction of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Headquarters employees. DESIGN: A nonexperimental, longitudinal, clinical-chart review study (1987 to 1996) of an identified intervention group and a reference (not a control) group. SETTING: The study group ...
Konlaan B B - - 2000
The aim of this study was to assess the specific biomedico-social effects of participating in cultural events and gentle physical exercise effects apart from the general effect of participating in group activities. This was a randomized controlled investigation using a factorial design, where attending cultural events and taking easy physical ...
Bridges P A - - 2000
Multilamellar egg phosphatidylcholine liposomes with or without cholesterol have been aerosolised using four jet nebulisers. The size of aerosols generated from liposome suspensions, as measured by laser diffraction, was independent of liposome size and bilayer composition. However, increasing the phospholipid concentration caused an increase in the median size of the ...
Lim S - - 2000
Exercise decreases insulin resistance and increases maximal exercise capacity as estimated from maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). Recent reports have demonstrated that the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content of blood is correlated with VO2max in healthy subjects (mean age 31 years) and is inversely correlated with insulin resistance parameters. The aim of ...
Hong Y - - 2000
PURPOSE: The main purpose of the present investigation was to test whether and to what extent familial/genetic factors are involved in the changes of postheparin lipoprotein lipase (deltaPH-LPL) activity and triglyceride (deltaTG) levels in response to exercise training. Additional hypotheses were also tested as to whether there were familial/genetic factors ...
Schmaldienst S - - 2000
Various LDL-apheresis systems have gained wider clinical acceptance in recent years to treat patients with severe familial hypercholesterolaemia, in particular in patients with coronary artery disease. For each single device data on efficacy have been provided, but up to now no comparative analysis including the novel direct adsorption of lipoproteins ...
Grandjean P W - - 2000
To compare postexercise changes in plasma lipids and lipoprotein enzymes in 13 hypercholesterolemic (HC) and 12 normocholesterolemic men [total cholesterol (TC) 252 +/- 5 vs. 179 +/- 5 mg/dl], fasting blood samples were obtained 24 h before, immediately, 24, and 48 h after a single bout of treadmill walking (70% ...
von Duvillard S P - - 2000
We studied the effects of exercise on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesteryl ester (CE) metabolism in 6 male and 6 female miniature pigs fed a commercial swine diet supplemented with cholesterol and fat. The diets were fed for a total period of 20 weeks. During the last 12 weeks of the ...
Brochu M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation programs have evolved to become secondary prevention centers. However, the independent effect of exercise alone on coronary risk factors and body composition in patients with coronary artery disease has not been well studied. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of exercise training ...
Hsu H C - - 2000
PURPOSE: The role of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) lipid peroxides in strenuous exercise-induced changes in platelet function was studied in 30 patients (male/female = 22/8) aged 30-62 yr (mean +/- SD = 508). METHODS: All subjects were subjected to a treadmill exercise test, using the standard Bruce protocol. Blood samples were ...
Rigla M - - 2000
To evaluate the effect of physical exercise on blood pressure, the lipid profile, lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) modifications in untrained diabetics, 27 diabetic patients (14 type 1 and 13 type 2) under acceptable and stable glycemic control were studied before and after a supervised 3-month physical exercise program. ...
Liu T C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of conductive component on the loudness discomfort level (LDL) judgments. The relation between LDL value and the magnitude of air-bone gap in such subjects was also assessed. METHODS: LDLs were obtained from 100 ears of 50 hearing-impaired subjects. Twenty ...
Sebregts E H - - 2000
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is still the main cause of death in developed countries. Because of improved treatment, many patients survive the acute phase of a myocardial infarction, which makes secondary prevention of CHD of major importance. Most risk factors responsible for the development and progression of CHD are associated ...
Izquierdo-Porrera A M - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to determine whether a 6-month exercise rehabilitation program can improve cardiovascular risk factors in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). Thirty-four patients (mean age, 68 +/- 8 years; range 54-84 years) with PAOD with intermittent claudication (Fontaine stage II) and 14 longitudinal controls ...
Goti D - - 2000
From the severe neurological syndromes resulting from vitamin E deficiency, it is evident that an adequate supply of the brain with alpha-tocopherol (alphaTocH), the biologically most active member of the vitamin E family, is of utmost importance. However, uptake mechanisms of alphaTocH in cells constituting the blood-brain barrier are obscure. ...
Leon A S - - 2000
We studied the effects of 20 weeks of supervised cycle-ergometer exercise on plasma lipids in 675 healthy, sedentary, normolipidemic white and black men and women aged 17 to 65 years, participating in the HERITAGE Family Study. Fasting plasma lipids were assessed twice at baseline and 24 and 72 hours after ...
Mansbach C M - - 2000
We have previously shown (Mansbach, C. M. and P. J. Nevin, 1998. J. Lipid Res. 39: 963;-968) that after the development of a mass steady state with respect to triacylglycerol absorption in rats, the introduction of radiolabeled trioleoylglycerol, while maintaining the input rate of trioleoylglycerol constant at 135 micromol/h, was ...
Gullo L - - 2000
I recently described a new form of pancreatic hyperenzymemia in healthy subjects in the absence of any pancreatic disease. The aim of this study was to determine whether this pancreatic hyperenzymemia has a familial distribution. From January 1996 to January 1999, 25 subjects with chronic nonpathological pancreatic hyperenzymemia were seen, ...
Tolfrey K - - 2000
Longitudinal paediatric population studies have provided evidence that the risk factor theory may be extended to children and adolescents. These studies could assist in identifying individuals at increased coronary risk. Numerous studies have focused on the effects of regular exercise on the paediatric lipoprotein profile, a recognised primary risk factor, ...
Talic R F - - 2000
We evaluated the effect of the high electrocuting energy used with the thick loop, in transurethral vaporization resection of the prostate (TUVRP), on serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Forty-eight patients with benign protatic hyperplasia (BPH) were included in this prospective single arm sequential study. All patients had TUVRP using the 'Wing' ...
Mansur A P - - 1999
AIM: To assess the impact of cholesterol lowering on positive exercise stress tests in hypercholesterolaemic patients with normal coronary angiograms. METHODS: 43 non-diabetic patients aged 43-61 years, with total serum cholesterol concentrations of more than 7.75 mmol/l, positive exercise tests, and normal coronary angiograms, were started on the American Heart ...
Ferlito S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The authors studied the nitrite plasma levels in a group of patients with peripheral obstructive arteriopathy. METHODS: The series consisted of 63 subjects (43 males, 20 females, mean age 64 +/- 9 years) suffering from peripheral arterial occlusive disease of the lower limbs, at II (55 cases) and III ...
Stefanick M L - - 1999
PURPOSE: The clinical trial data were reviewed on effects of physical activity on obesity-related dyslipoproteinemias (specifically low HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), elevated triglycerides (TG), and high total and LDL-cholesterol (TC and LDL-C)) in adult men and women. METHODS: Effort was made to identify all randomized clinical trials (RCT), with exercise intervention programs ...
Kokkinos P F - - 1999
High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are strongly, inversely and independently associated with coronary heart disease (CHD). Increased physical activity is associated with reduced CHD mortality. This protection against CHD may partially be explained by the increase in HDL-C levels observed following aerobic exercise training. Many also agree that an ...
Case D - - 1999
PURPOSE: Recently a protective role has been demonstrated for estrogens as free radical scavengers. In this study, lipid peroxidation was evaluated in eumenorrheic runners before and after participation in a half-marathon. METHODS: Seven female runners who participated in regular training (average 25 miles x wk(-1) and reported regular menses (12/yr) ...
Hagberg J M - - 1999
We determined if the apolipoprotein E (APO E) genotype affects the exercise training-induced increase in plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and HDL2-C. Sedentary overweight men on an American Heart Association (AHA) step I diet had plasma lipoprotein-lipids measured before and after 9 months of endurance exercise training. APO E2 (n ...
Yu H H - - 1999
Exercise is associated with changes in lipids that may protect against coronary heart disease (CHD). In this study of 28 triathletes, we analyzed acute changes in serum lipid and lipoprotein concentrations after completion of the 1995 World Championship Hawaii Ironman Triathlon. With standard laboratory assays, we demonstrate significant decreases in ...
Sunami Y - - 1999
The concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is inversely correlated with the risk of coronary heart disease. The effects of low-intensity aerobic training on serum HDL-C and other lipoprotein concentrations were examined in healthy elderly subjects. The subjects were randomly assigned to two groups matched for sex, age, height, and ...
Halbert J A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of exercise training (aerobic and resistance) in modifying blood lipids, and to determine the most effective training programme with regard to duration, intensity and frequency for optimizing the blood lipid profile. DESIGN: Trials were identified by a systematic search of Medline, Embase, Science Citation Index ...
Mackinnon L T - - 1999
Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a unique lipoprotein complex in the blood. At high levels (> 30 mg/dl), Lp(a) is considered an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Serum Lp(a) levels are largely genetically determined, remain relatively constant within a given individual, and do not appear to be altered by factors known ...
Hanai T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The present study was done to clarify the effects of 1 month of exercise on levels of total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) and on the ratio TC/HDLC and also to evaluate the relationship of body fat to amount of exercise and TC/HDLC ratio. METHODS: Twenty-seven female ...
Spate-Douglas T - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of aerobic exercise intensity on the active subfraction of serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) concentration. DESIGN: A randomized control, before-and-after investigation that tested the hypothesis that high-intensity exercise training would result in improvements in serum concentrations of HDL subfraction 2 (HDL2) greater than those accompanying moderate-intensity ...
Yang Y - - 1999
AIM: To study the effect of aerobic exercise and its combination with Gin (ginsenosides from stems and leaves of ginseng) on lipid metabolism in diet-induced hyperlipidemia mice. METHODS: The mouse hyperlipidemia model was set up by feeding high cholesterol diet. Unloaded swimming was designed to be a manner of aerobic ...
Prabhakaran B - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of a supervised, intensive (85% of one repetition maximum (1-RM)) 14 week resistance training programme on lipid profile and body fat percentage in healthy, sedentary, premenopausal women. SUBJECTS: Twenty four women (mean (SD) age 27 (7) years) took part in the study. Subjects were randomly ...
Maduell F - - 1999
BACKGROUND: On-line haemodiafiltration (HDF) is a technique which combines diffusion with elevated convection and uses pyrogen-free dialysate as a replacement fluid. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference between conventional HDF (1-3 l/h) and on-line HDF (6-12 l/h). METHODS: The study included 37 patients, 25 males and ...
Hardman A E AE Department of Physical Education, Sports Science and Recreation Management, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, - - 1999
To present the evidence concerning the influence of physical activity on the dyslipidaemia of obesity and overweight. Review of a personal library of literature on the interactions of physical activity, lipoprotein metabolism and body fatness. Obesity, in particular abdominal obesity, is associated with dyslipidaemia--specifically elevated plasma concentrations of triacylglycerol (TAG) ...
Tikkanen H O - - 1999
The percentage of slow-twitch (ST) fibers in a person's skeletal muscle, e.g. muscle fiber composition (ST-%), may have a significant impact on physical activity, fitness level, serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration, and ultimately, on the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). We studied the effect of a 12 ...
Urdal P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that participants of intervention studies have an unfavourable lifestyle at the weekend compared with the rest of the week, thus affecting the concentrations of components in samples drawn on Mondays. DESIGN: The hypothesis was examined using data from the Oslo Diet and Exercise Study, a 2 x ...
Morley R - - 1998
Serum lipid and lipoprotein cholesterol levels track from childhood and are associated with risk of coronary heart disease. There is some evidence that these are influenced by dietary intake and exercise. Serum lipid and lipoprotein cholesterols were measured in a cohort of 119 British children aged 12-15 y who completed ...
Umeda T - - 1998
We investigated the relationship of cigarette smoking, alcohol use, recreational exercise and obesity with serum lipid atherogenicity because of paucity of epidemiological studies. The subjects were 2,228 male officials of the Self-Defense Forces in Japan, who were aged 49-55 years and received a preretirement health examination in the period from ...
Ferguson M A - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to determine the threshold of exercise energy expenditure necessary to change blood lipid and lipoprotein concentrations and lipoprotein lipase activity (LPLA) in healthy, trained men. On different days, 11 men (age, 26.7 +/- 6.1 yr; body fat, 11.0 +/- 1.5%) completed four separate, randomly ...
Niaura R - - 1998
PURPOSE: This study investigated the combined effects of exercise and smoking cessation on serum lipids. METHODS: Eighteen female smokers quit smoking using standard behavioral methods combined with exercise (N = 9) or with a nonexercise contact time control (N = 9). The smoking cessation program for both groups consisted of ...
Klebanoff R - - 1998
PURPOSE: We compared the effects of aerobic exercise training on lipid and lipoprotein levels in 18 postmenopausal women who were (N = 8) or were not (N = 10) receiving estrogen replacement therapy (ERT). METHODS: Each group was tested for lipids, diet recall and VO2max before and after a 12 ...
Shern-Brewer R - - 1998
The oxidation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) has been suggested as a key event in atherogenesis. Paradoxically, exercise, which imposes an oxidative stress, is an important deterrent of cardiovascular disease. In study 1 the oxidizability of LDL was enhanced in exercisers compared with sedentary controls. The lag time of isolated ...
Colombo A P - - 1998
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the levels of serum IgG2, the frequency of detection of Gm(23)-negative allotype and frequency of detection of FcgammaRIIa and FcgammaRIIIb receptor haplotypes in 32 refractory, 54 successfully treated and 27 periodontally healthy individuals. Refractory subjects showed mean full mouth attachment loss and/or ...
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