Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 706
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Ardern Chris I - - 2004
PURPOSE: This study explores sex and race differences in the association between changes in fat mass (FM), abdominal visceral fat (AVF), and abdominal subcutaneous fat (ASF) on blood lipid changes consequent to aerobic exercise training. METHODS: The sample included 613 participants (428 white and 185 black, 46% men) from the ...
Wang Jong-Shyan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how exercise training and detraining affect oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL)-potentiated platelet function in men. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Department of physical medicine and rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS: Ten sedentary men (mean age +/- standard error of the mean, 21.6+/-0.2 y) who did not engage in any regular physical activity ...
Altena Thomas S - - 2004
PURPOSE: This study compared the effects of continuous (CON-EX) and intermittent (INT-EX) exercise on postprandial lipemia (PPL). METHODS: Subjects were 18 inactive males (N = 7) and females (N = 11), aged 25 +/- 1.8 yr (mean +/- SE), VO2max 38.4 +/- 1.5 (mL x kg(-1)x min(-1)), and BMI 23.2 ...
Nair Vinod B - - 2004
This study investigates the effects of terpenes and iontophoresis on the in vitro permeation of arginine vasopressin (AVP) through rat skin and the biophysical changes induced by the chemical enhancers in the stratum corneum (SC) lipids by FT-IR spectroscopy. Pretreatment with terpenes (e.g. 5% w/v, carvone, pulegone, cineole and menthol ...
Tomaszewski Maciej - - 2004
In this investigation, we compared lipid and inflammatory parameters in regular long distance runners with matched sedentary controls. Long distance runners had significantly lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and C-reactive protein levels than the control group. This exercise-induced reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was independent of the decrease in C-reactive protein ...
Thomas Tom R - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of combining exercise with omega-3 fatty acids (n-3fa) supplementation on lipoprotein subfractions and associated enzymes. Subjects were 10 recreationally active males, aged 25 +/- 1.5 years (mean +/- SE), who supplemented n-3fa (60% eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and 40% docosahexaenoic [DHA]) ...
Woo Sang-Koo - - 2004
PURPOSE: To investigate whether the efficacy of exercise as an antitriglyceridemic treatment was dependent on the apolipoprotein (apo) C-III SstI gene polymorphism. METHODS: A subgroup of 100 Korean men, who were prescreened by genotypes (S1S1 = 40, S1S2 = 40, S2S2 = 20), participated in a 6-d moderate-exercise intervention using ...
da Rocha L - - 2004
This study evaluated the functional response of the predator Cosmoclopius nigroannulatus on first instar nymphae of Spartocera dentiventris, both species associated with Nicotina tabacum. The experiment was carried out in laboratory conditions: 27 +/- 1 degree C; 80 +/- 5%, RH; 12 h, photophase. Ten newly emerged adults of each ...
Olchawa Beata - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, which may be partly caused by the effect of exercise on the lipoprotein profile. The most consistent effect of exercise on lipoprotein metabolism is an increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL). METHODS AND RESULTS: Parameters of reverse cholesterol transport ...
Tolfrey Keith - - 2004
PURPOSE: To study the effect of exercise volume on pre- and early-pubertal children's lipid-lipoprotein profile. METHODS: Thirty-four children (15 girls) completed 12 wk of exercise training, preceded by a 12-wk control period. Sixteen (7 girls and 9 boys) expended an additional 422 +/- 5 kJ.kg BM (LOW, 100 kcal.kg), whereas ...
Ghiu Ioana A - - 2004
We assessed the effects of coagulation factor VII (FVII) gene polymorphisms, lipid-related polymorphisms, and exercise training-induced plasma lipoprotein lipid changes on FVII level changes with exercise training in middle- to older-aged men and women. Forty-six healthy sedentary men and women were stabilized on a low-fat diet and then underwent baseline ...
Bermingham Margaret A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect on lipids of a single bout of high-intensity interval training performed on land and in water in a group of cardiac patients involved in an intensive cardiac rehabilitation program. DESIGN: Single-group, quasiexperimental, crossover design. SETTING: Swimming pool at a cardiac rehabilitation hospital in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Alam Saima - - 2004
The dyslipidemia and insulin resistance of type 2 diabetes can be improved by aerobic exercise. The effect of 6 months supervised exercise on very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) apolipoprotein B metabolism was investigated in patients with type 2 diabetes. Moderately obese patients (n = 18) were randomized into supervised (n = ...
Ravi Kiran T - - 2004
We examined a suitable swim program of different intensities and durations that could evoke changes in the myocardial antioxidant capacity in 22-month-old rats. Male rats (Rattus norvegicus) were assigned to either a sedentary control (SE-C) group or one of six trainee groups. Animals were swim-exercised for 4 weeks with either ...
Morss Gina M - - 2004
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: Physical inactivity in postmenopausal women contributes to a rise in atherogenic risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome. Although regular physical activity positively contributes to health, inactivity progressively increases with age. The Dose Response to Exercise in Women aged 45-75 yr (DREW) study is designed to investigate ...
Thompson Paul D - - 2004
Physical activity improves lipid levels by altering triglyceride (TG) metabolism. Apolipoprotein E (Apo E) facilitates TG clearance by mediating lipoprotein binding to hepatic receptors, but Apo E also has less defined roles in skeletal muscle and nervous tissue. This study examined if variants in Apo E genotype affect the lipid ...
Leon Arthur S - - 2004
The relationship of apolipoprotein E (apo E) genotypes to plasma lipid and maximal oxygen uptake (Vo(2max)) was studied in the sedentary state and after a supervised exercise training program in black and white men and women. At baseline, the apo E 2/3 genotype was associated with the lowest, and apo ...
Kelley George A GA Department of Community Medicine, Robert C Byrd Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University, Morgantown 26506-9190, - - 2004
To examine the feasibility of retrieving missing outcome data for summary meta-analyses using an example dealing with the effects of aerobic exercise on lipids and lipoproteins in adults. Missing lipid and/or lipoprotein data from a currently developed meta-analytic data base were requested by means of electronic mail from 39 of ...
Halverstadt Amy - - 2003
Plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are an important independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that can be modified through exercise training. However, levels of HDL-C and its subfractions and their response to standardized exercise training are highly variable among individuals. Such variability suggests that levels of HDL-C, its ...
Brinkmann I - - 2003
The influence of isopropyl myristate (IPM), isopropyl alcohol (IPA) and a combination of both was studied in view of hydrocortisone (HC) permeation across the human stratum corneum (SC). IPM, IPA and their combination were incorporated into water-containing hydrophilic ointment (WHS), and the resulting effects on HC permeation and on HC ...
Katzmarzyk Peter T - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of exercise training in treating the metabolic syndrome. METHODS: The sample included 621 black and white participants from the HERITAGE Family Study, identified as sedentary and apparently healthy (no chronic disease or injury). The metabolic syndrome was defined as having three or more risk factors ...
Blake Gavin J - - 2003
AIM: Recent data suggests that LDL particle concentration, as determined by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, may be associated with cardiovascular risk. We sought to determine the effect of randomization to pravastatin therapy on LDL particle concentration-NMR, among a primary prevention population. METHODS AND RESULTS: LDL particle concentration-NMR, LDL size-NMR, ...
García-Unzueta M T - - 2003
There is an apparent paradox between the benefits of aerobic exercise and the potentially deleterious effects of increased free radicals and decreased circulating antioxidants generated during exercise. To assess the oxidative/antioxidative status in competitive cyclists and ex-cyclists, we measured two markers not well studied in these situations, serum total antioxidant ...
Harder Hermann - - 2004
Intestinal transit of gas is normally adapted to the luminal gas load, but in some patients impaired transit may lead to gas retention and symptoms. We hypothesized that intestinal gas transit is regulated by reflex mechanisms released by segmental distension at various gut levels. In 24 healthy subjects, we measured ...
Leaf David Alexander - - 2003
High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are recognized for their role in coronary artery disease (CAD) risk reduction. Plasma HDL plays a pivotal role in the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) process. Physical exercise is well recognized as a modality that affects HDL metabolism. The purpose of this discussion is to describe the effects ...
Inoue Teruo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Long-term administration of nitrates results in the development of tolerance. Nitrate tolerance is considered to occur in association with oxidative stress, although its underlying mechanisms are multi-factorial. Fluvastatin, a newly developed statin, is considered to have not only a cholesterol-lowering effect but also anti-oxidative properties. METHODS: In this study, ...
Painter Patricia L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Multiple risk-factor interventions that include lifestyle changes have been proved to be effective in reducing risk profile in persons at high risk for developing coronary heart disease (CHD). There have not been similar studies involving transplant recipients. The purpose of this study is to examine effects of exercise training ...
Jensen M D - - 2003
Fatty acids are a major fuel source for humans both at rest and during exercise. Plasma free fatty acids (FFA), although present only in micromolar concentrations, are the major circulating lipid fuel. FFA availability can increase two- to four-fold with moderate intensity exercise. Other potential sources of fatty acids include ...
Yang Ai-Lun - - 2003
To investigate exercise effects on the vascular function in hypercholesterolemia, male New Zealand White rabbits were divided into four groups; i.e. the normal diet control, the high cholesterol diet control, normal diet with exercise, and high cholesterol diet with exercise. High cholesterol diet groups were fed 2% cholesterol rabbit chow ...
Bernstein Martine S - - 2003
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Being physically active may improve the lipid profile by increasing high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations. Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) transfers cholesteryl esters from HDL to lipoproteins of lower density. The potential interactive effects of physical activity and the CETP A-C polymorphism on exon 1b.-629 (CETP 1b.-629) with ...
Liem A H - - 2003
Low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are frequently encountered in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), most often in combination with elevated triglycerides as part of a dysmetabolic syndrome. Although no large secondary prevention trials with statin therapy with special emphasis on low HDL-C have been performed, some guidance ...
Faucher Marion M Service de Réanimation Polyvalente, Hôpitaux Sud, Marseille, - - 2003
Lipid emulsions have been suspected of inducing certain modifications in gas exchange and pulmonary hemodynamics. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the hemodynamic and pulmonary effects of two lipid emulsions. Prospective, randomized, double-blind, crossover study. Medical and surgical ICU in a French university hospital. Eighteen patients presenting ...
Roberts Stephanie A - - 2003
Lesbians may be a higher risk subpopulation of women for cardiovascular disease due to the prevalence of risk factors and attitudes about weight. In a survey of 648 women, we compared various cardiovascular risk factors between 324 lesbians age 40 and older residing in California and their heterosexual sisters closest ...
Aguiló Antoni - - 2003
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of different intensity of exercise and different training status on antioxidants and cholesterol profile in cyclists. 33 male cyclists (17 amateur and 16 professional cyclists) participated in this study. The amateurs all trained 14 +/- 1 h each week, and ...
Ahmadizad Sajad - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of resistance exercise with varying intensity but with similar volume on platelet aggregation and activation. METHODS: Thirteen healthy male subjects randomly completed three resistance exercise test trials at an intensity corresponding to 40%, 60%, and 80% of one repetition ...
Yang Ai-Lun - - 2003
It is plausible to assume that exercise training, when applied early enough, can completely correct atherosclerotic defects. Using rabbit aortic specimens, we examined the effects of chronic exercise and high-cholesterol diet feeding on vascular function for different time periods. Male New Zealand White rabbits were divided into four groups: the ...
Park D H - - 2003
Acute high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL) changes were determined in 18 healthy college aged-men completing two-counterbalanced running trials at different exercise intensities: trial 1 at 70 % lactate threshold (LT) (372.5 +/- 28.9 kcal); trial 2 at LT intensity (365.9 +/- 75.9 kcal). For each trial, blood samples were collected at pre-exercise ...
Tokmakidis Savvas P - - 2003
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate training and detraining effects on blood lipids and apolipoproteins induced by a specific program that combined strength and aerobic exercise in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: For this study, 14 patients participated in a supervised 8-month training program composed ...
Bricout V A - - 2003
The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the urinary profile of androgen metabolites during menstrual cycle in both young-trained female athletes, and young sedentary women, not presenting any pathological signs. Urines were collected for 24 hours (08 : 00 a. m. the first day to 08 : 00 a. ...
Banz William J - - 2003
Individuals exhibiting "the metabolic syndrome" have multiple coronary artery disease risk factors, including insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and android obesity. We performed a randomized trial to compare the effects of aerobic and resistance training regimens on coronary risk factors. Twenty-six volunteers who exhibited android obesity and at least one other ...
Jafari Mahtab - - 2003
The impact of physical exercise on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism is recognized as a major mechanism of coronary artery disease (CAD) risk reduction. Prebeta-1 HDL subparticle species play a pivotal role in initiating reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). We examined the effect of acute physical exercise on plasma prebeta-1 HDL levels. ...
Miida Takashi - - 2003
Prebeta1-HDL is a minor HDL subfraction that acts as an efficient initial acceptor of cell-derived free cholesterol. During 37 degrees C incubation, plasma prebeta1-HDL decreases over time due to its conversion to alpha-migrating HDL by lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT). This conversion may be delayed in hemodialysis patients who have decreased LCAT ...
Duncan Glen E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of exercise, without weight loss, on insulin sensitivity (S(I)), postheparin plasma lipase activity (PHPL), intravenous fat clearance rate (K(2)), and fasting lipids in sedentary adults. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: At baseline and after 6 months of walk training (intensity 45-55 or 65-75% heart rate reserve, ...
Gill Jason M R - - 2003
Endurance trained people exhibit low levels of postprandial lipemia. However, this favorable situation is rapidly reversed with de-training and it is likely that the triglyceride (TG) lowering effects of exercise are mainly the result of acute metabolic responses to recent exercise rather than long-term training adaptations. A large body of ...
Gill Jason M R - - 2003
This study aimed to determine whether changes in plasma heparin-releasable lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity following a brisk walk were associated with decreases in fasting and/or postprandial triglyceride (TG) concentrations. Two groups of pre-menopausal women participated. In one group (fasting study group, n=10), TG concentrations and post-heparin plasma LPL activity were ...
Koertge Jenny C - - 2003
"Vital exhaustion," characterized by fatigue, irritability, and demoralization, precedes new and recurrent coronary events. Biological mechanisms explaining this association are not fully understood. The objective was to investigate the relationship between vital exhaustion, lifestyle, and lipid profile. Vital exhaustion, smoking, body mass index (BMI), alcohol consumption, exercise capacity, and serum ...
Ferguson M A - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of prolonged exercise on plasma lipid and lipoprotein concentrations and to identify caloric time-points where changes occurred. Eleven active male subjects ran on a treadmill at 70% of maximal fitness (VO2max) and expended 6278.7 kilojoules (Kj) energy (1500 kcal). Blood ...
Szabó A - - 2003
Pannon White growing rabbits (a group of 8) were exposed to treadmill exercise (3-9 m/s, 1.2-1.6 km/day) twice a day for 4 weeks, while additional 8 animals, kept inactive, were assigned as the control group. Weekly, 12 hours after exercise, venous blood was taken for serum metabolite and enzyme activity ...
Rothwell Stephen W - - 2002
epsilon -Amino caproic acid (EACA), a lysine analog that inhibits the activity of plasmin, was added to Nycomed (TC-S) fibrin bandages, and the bandages were tested for hemostatic efficacy in a swine femoral artery bleeding model. The blood loss using the bandage with EACA (TC-S+EACA; 728.8+/-132 g, n=5) was much ...
Ensign Wayne Y. - - 2002
These studies were conducted to determine the effects of exercise training on plasma lipoprotein levels and metabolism in the guinea pig to evaluate potential utilization of this model for studies of exercise-mediated effects on the regulation of sterol and lipoprotein metabolism and atherosclerosis regression. Male guinea pigs (n = 5 ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >