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Silva Bruno M BM Laboratory of Exercise Sciences, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Department of Physiology, Section of Exercise Physiology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene decrease expression and activation of eNOS in vitro, which is associated with lower post-exercise increase in vasodilator reactivity in vivo. However, it is unknown whether such polymorphisms are associated with other eNOS-related phenotypes during recovery from exercise. Therefore, we investigated the ...
Popovic Dejana D aDivision of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Visegradska 26 bDivision of Endocrinology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Dr Subotica 13 cFaculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, Vojvode Stepe 450 dFaculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Belgrade, Blagoja Parovica 156, Belgrade, Serbia eCentro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS fDepartment of Clinical Sciences and Community Health - Cardiovascular Section, University of Milan, Milano, - - 2014
The usage of alcohol is widespread, but the effects of acute alcohol ingestion on exercise performance and the stress hormone axis are not fully elucidated.We studied 10 healthy white men, nonhabitual drinkers, by Doppler echocardiography at rest, spirometry, and maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in two visits (2-4 days in ...
Limongi V V Faculty of Medical Science, State University of Campinas, Campinas, - - 2014
Candidates for liver transplantation may have malnutrition, fatigue, loss of muscle mass and function. The combination of these factors leads to overall physical disability and physical inactivity. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a respiratory physiotherapeutic program on liver transplantation candidates. Forty-two patients were evaluated ...
Garcia A M C AM Post-Graduate Program in Sports Sciences, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil; Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, - - 2014
Recently there has been great concern about the quality of life and health of liver transplant patients (LTP). These patients often present with metabolic disorders, which can improve with regular physical exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a physical exercise program on the functional ...
Linden Melissa A MA 1Research Service-Harry S Truman Memorial Veterans Medical Center, and Departments of 2Medicine-Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 3Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, 4Biomedical Sciences, 5Medical Pharmacology and Physiology, 6Dalton Cardiovascular Research Center, and 7Medicine-Division of Endocrinology, University of Missouri, Columbia, - - 2014
There is increasing use of high intensity, interval type exercise training in the management of many lifestyle-related diseases. To test the hypothesis that vigorous-intensity, interval exercise is as effective as traditional, moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) outcomes in obese, Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats. ...
Rittmueller Stacey E SE a Denver-Seattle Center of Innovation for Veteran-Centered and Value-Driven - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Alcohol use is associated with health behaviors that impact cardiovascular outcomes in patients with hypertension, including avoiding salt, exercising, weight management, and not smoking. This study examined associations between varying levels of alcohol use and self-reported cardiovascular health behaviors among hypertensive Veterans Affairs (VA) outpatients. Methods:  Male outpatients ...
Toshikuni Nobuyuki N Nobuyuki Toshikuni, Tomiyasu Arisawa, Department of Gastroenterology, Kanazawa Medical University, Ishikawa 920-0293, - - 2014
Liver cirrhosis (LC) patients often have protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) and decreased physical activity. These conditions often lead to sarcopenia, which is the loss of skeletal muscle volume and increased muscle weakness. Recent studies have demonstrated that PEM and sarcopenia are predictors for poor survival in LC patients. Nutrition and exercise ...
Hakkarainen Antti A Department of Radiology, HUS Medical Imaging Center, Helsinki University Central Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of a standardized fat rich meal and subsequent exercise on liver fat content by (1)H MRS and on liver adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content by (31)P MRS in healthy subjects. Hepatic (1)H and proton decoupled (31)P MRS were performed on nine ...
Zenith Laura L Cirrhosis Care Clinic, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, - - 2014
Patients with cirrhosis have reduced exercise tolerance, measured objectively as decreased peak exercise oxygen uptake (peak VO2). Reduced peak VO2 is associated with decreased survival time. The effect of aerobic exercise training on peak VO2 has not been well studied in patients with cirrhosis. We evaluated the safety and efficacy ...
Miyake Teruki T Department of Gastroenterology and Metabology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Shitsukawa, Toon, Ehime, 791-0295, - - 2014
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular disease that could progress to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver failure. We aimed to assess the relationship between NAFLD and lifestyle habits. Using a community-based, cross-sectional design, the records of 11,094 Japanese subjects who had undergone at ...
Barnes Matthew J MJ School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, Private Bag 11-222, Palmerston North, 4442, New Zealand, - - 2014
Alcohol is the most commonly used recreational drug globally and its consumption, often in large volume, is deeply embedded in many aspects of Western society. Indeed, athletes are not exempt from the influence alcohol has on society; they often consume greater volumes of alcohol through bingeing behaviour compared with the ...
Gonçalves Inês O IO Research Center in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exercise is considered a non-pharmacological tool against several lifestyle disorders in which mitochondrial dysfunction is involved. The present study aimed to analyze the preventive (voluntary physical activity - VPA) and therapeutic (endurance training - ET) role of exercise against non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-induced liver mitochondrial dysfunction. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were ...
Izmirli Müzeyyen M Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakıf University; İstanbul-Turkey; Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Mustafa Kemal University; Hatay-Turkey. - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Europe. One of the candidate molecule affecting epigenetic mechanisms of CVD is the SIRT1, a subclass of sirtuins, is located on the long arm of chromosome 10 (10q21.3). Particularly, the relation between 2827 A>G polymorphism of the SIRT1 positioned on ...
Henchoz Yves Y Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital, CHUV, Av. Beaumont 21 bis, Pavillon 2, CH-1011 Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aims to measure the associations of physical activity and one of its components, sport and exercise, with at-risk substance use in a population of young men. Baseline (2010-2012) and follow-up (2012-2013) data of 4748 young Swiss men from the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF) were ...
Sussman Steve S Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Alhambra, CA, - - 2014
Recent work has studied multiple addictions using a matrix measure, which taps multiple addictions through single responses for each type. The present study investigated use of a matrix measure approach among former alternative high school youth (average age = 19.8 years) at risk for addictions. Lifetime and last 30-day prevalence ...
Lancaster Graeme I GI Cellular and Molecular Metabolism Laboratory, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
A lack of physical activity is linked to the development of many chronic diseases. It is now well established that the immune system and inflammation play a central role in the development of numerous chronic metabolic diseases including insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and specific ...
Haugvad Anders A 1Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Martin, Slovakia 2Norwegian Olympic Federation, Oslo, Norway 3Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of ethanol consumption on recovery from traditional resistance exercise in recreationally trained individuals. Nine recreationally trained volunteers (8 males, 1 female, 26±4 yrs., 81±4 kg) conducted four resistance exercise sessions and consumed a low (0.6 [females] and 0.7 [males] g/kg body mass) or a high ...
Henchoz Yves Y Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital CHUV, Av. Beaumont 21 Bis, Pavillon 2, 1011, Lausanne, Switzerland, - - 2014
Health benefits of sport and exercise are well documented in children, adolescents and adults, but little is known about emerging adulthood-a period of life characterized by significant demographic and developmental changes. The present study aimed to assess the health impact of changes in sport and exercise levels during that specific ...
Román Eva E Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Mas Casanovas 90, 08041, Barcelona, - - 2014
Physical exercise could improve functional limitations, muscle mass, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with cirrhosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an exercise programme and leucine supplementation to increase exercise capacity, muscle mass, and HRQoL in patients with cirrhosis. Seventeen ...
Tan N C NC SingHealth Polyclinics - Department of Research, 167 Jalan Bukit Merah, #15-10, Tower 5, Connection One, Singapore 150167. - - 2014
Not much is known regarding how primary care physicians (PCPs) in Singapore keep themselves healthy and mitigate ill health. This study aims to determine the health-seeking behaviour of local PCPs and to identify the predictors of local PCPs attaining the recommended level of exercise. This study was a cross-sectional questionnaire ...
Brown Richard A RA Alpert Medical School of Brown University/Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906. Electronic address: - - 2014
Interventions targeting physical activity may be valuable as an adjunct to alcohol treatment, but have been relatively untested. In the current study, alcohol dependent, physically sedentary patients were randomized to: a 12-week moderate-intensity, group aerobic exercise intervention (AE; n=25) or a brief advice to exercise intervention (BA-E; n=23). Results showed ...
Weinstock Jeremiah J Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO 63103 ; Calhoun Cardiology Center, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT - - 2014
Young adults 18-24 years have the highest rates of problems associated with alcohol use among all age groups, and substance use is inversely related to engagement in substance-free activities. This pilot study investigated the promotion of one specific substance-free activity, exercise, on alcohol use in college students. Thirty-one sedentary college ...
van den Berg-Emons Rita J G RJ R.J.G. van den Berg-Emons, PhD (Health Science), Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Erasmus University Medical - - 2014
BackgroundIt is hypothesized that increasing physical fitness and daily physical activity can lead to a reduction in fatigue. However, standard medical care following liver transplantation seldom includes rehabilitation that focuses on physical fitness and physical activity.ObjectiveTo explore whether a rehabilitation program can reduce fatigue in liver transplant recipients. Furthermore, effects ...
Gerber Lynn H - - 2014
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is frequently concomitant with obesity. This article discusses factors that influence health and functional outcomes of people who develop NAFLD, including increased burden of illness, whole body function, performance, and perception of self-efficacy. Changes in macronutrients, amount of calories consumed, and decreased physical activity all ...
Liu Wu Yi - - 2014
Pre-diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are associated with an unhealthy lifestyle and pose extremely high costs to the healthcare system. In this study, we aim to explore whether individualized aerobic exercise (AEx) and low carbohydrate diet (LCh) intervention affect hepatic fat content (HFC) in pre-diabetes via modification of ...
Parr Evelyn B EB Exercise and Nutrition Research Group, School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Victoria, - - 2014
The culture in many team sports involves consumption of large amounts of alcohol after training/competition. The effect of such a practice on recovery processes underlying protein turnover in human skeletal muscle are unknown. We determined the effect of alcohol intake on rates of myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS) following strenuous exercise ...
Eherer Andreas A Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, - - 2014
The first step in the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is lifestyle modification, with dietary recommendations such as increasing fiber intake and lowering dietary fat. While there is some physiological evidence that various foods as well as alcohol and tobacco affect the pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), ...
Matias-Guiu Jorge J Hospital Clínico San Carlos, 28010 Madrid, Spain ; Service of Neurology, Institute of Neurosciences, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Avenida Professor Martín Lagos S/N, 28010 Madrid, - - 2014
We have analyzed the relation of prevalence rates in Spanish regions with a series of human, environmental, and ecological factors. We find that the variability in migraine rates found between Spanish regions may be explained by interregional differences in the percentage of daily smokers, percentage of alcohol consumers, percentage of ...
Yoshimura Eiichi E 0000-0002-7517-7260 Faculty of Sports and Health Science, Fukuoka University, 8-19-1 Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan ; Faculty of Environmental and Symbiotic Sciences, Prefectural University of Kumamoto, 3-1-100 Tsukide, Higashi-ku, Kumamoto 862-8502, - - 2014
Objective. To evaluate the effect of calorie restriction-induced weight loss with or without aerobic exercise on liver fat. Methods. Thirty-three adults with visceral adiposity were divided into calorie restriction (CR; n = 18) or CR and aerobic exercise (CR + Ex; n = 15) groups. Target energy intake was 25 kcal/kg ...
Barnett Nancy P - - 2013
Substance use and exercise have opposite trajectories in young adulthood, and research indicates that peers are influential for both of these health behaviors, but simultaneous investigations of peer associations with substance use and exercise have not been conducted. Objective: Use a college residence hall peer network to examine associations between ...
Barcelos Rômulo Pillon RP Departamento de Química, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas (CCNE), Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), Santa Maria, RS, - - 2013
Caffeine has been widely used in sports competitions due to its ergogenic effects. Most of the studies regarding caffeine and exercise have focused on muscle and plasma adaptations, while the impact on the liver is scarcely described. The aim is to analyze the effects of caffeine and exercise training on ...
Bradford V V MH Miller, Gut Group, Medical Research Institute, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, - - 2014
The burden of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) worldwide is a significant clinical and public health issue, affecting approximately one third of the Western population. This review assesses the effect and impact lifestyle interventions have on the treatment of this common condition. We review studies comparing the effect of calorie ...
Linden Melissa A - - 2013
Here we sought to compare the efficacy of combining exercise and metformin for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in hyperphagic, obese, type 2 diabetic, Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats. OLETF rats (age 20 wks; hyperglycemic and hyperinsulinemic; n=10/group) were randomly assigned to ...
Dulfer Karolijn - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a standardized exercise program on sports enjoyment and leisure-time spending in adolescents with congenital heart disease and to know what the moderating impact of their baseline health behavior and disease knowledge is. Included were 93 patients, aged 10 to ...
Lewis Jay - - 2013
This cross-sectional study was designed to identify correlates of blood pressure control behaviors, including participation in physical activity, maintaining a healthy diet, limiting alcohol and tobacco use, discussing blood pressure with a doctor, and getting screened for blood pressure. The study sample included 116 Korean American men and women aged ...
Fletcher Justin A - - 2013
Hepatic mitochondrial adaptations to exercise are largely unknown. Here we sought to determine the effects of various exercise modalities on measures of hepatic mitochondrial function and metabolism. Male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned (n=8-10 per group) into sedentary (SED), voluntary wheel running (VWR), VWR with food pulled during the ...
Darlington Todd M - - 2013
The mesolimbic dopaminergic pathway has been implicated in many rewarding behaviors, including the consumption of ethanol and voluntary exercise. It has become apparent that different rewarding stimuli activate this pathway, and therefore it is possible for these behaviors to influence each other, i.e. hedonic substitution. Using adult female C57BL/6J mice, ...
O'Donovan Cuisle - - 2013
Active video games are used in many hospitals as exercise tools for children with cystic fibrosis. However, the exercise intensity associated with playing these games has not been examined in this population. Children with cystic fibrosis [n=30, aged 12.3 (2.6) years, 17 boys, BMI 17.7 (2.8) kg/m(2)] were recruited from ...
Sumida Yoshio - - 2013
Physicians often experience difficulties in motivating patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to undergo lifestyle changes. The aim of this study is to examine whether 'Donations for Decreased alanine aminotransferase (ALT)' (D4D) prosocial behavior incentive can serve as an effective intrinsic motivational factor in comparison with conventional dietary and ...
Barry Adam E - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To explore gender differences regarding weight management behaviors of college drinkers. Participants: Nationally representative sample of college students from the fall 2008 American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment II (N = 26,062 students). Methods: Structural equation modeling was used to examine potential gender differences in associations ...
Weinstein Aviv - - 2013
Exercise and sports activity is beneficial both physically and psychologically but excessive exercise may have adverse physiological and psychological effects. There are methodological issues in the definition, diagnosis and etiology of exercise addiction. Several questionnaires and diagnostic tools have been developed and validated and they show high validity and reliability. ...
E Lezi L University of Kansas Alzheimer's Disease Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA; Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, - - 2013
The effects of exercise are not limited to muscle, and its ability to mitigate some chronic diseases is under study. A more complete understanding of how exercise impacts non-muscle tissues might facilitate design of clinical trials and exercise mimetics. Here, we focused on lactate's ability to mediate changes in liver ...
Oh Hwajung - - 2013
Poor self-regulation of high energy snacking has been linked to weight gain. Physical activity can acutely reduce chocolate consumption and cravings but the effects on attentional bias (AB) are unknown. The study aimed to test the effects of exercise among normal and overweight/obese individuals during temporary and longer abstinence. Participants ...
Bromberger Bianca - - 2013
Many transplant centers require that patients maintain a BMI below 40 kg/m(2) in order to be eligible for listing, rendering many morbidly obese patients with end-stage liver disease unable to access liver transplantation as a method of treatment. In order to determine the safest and most efficacious weight loss regimen in ...
Wölbing F - - 2013
Anaphylaxis is the systemic and most severe presentation of type I allergy. A number of conditions were identified that modulate the onset of anaphylaxis such as co- or augmentation factors, which significantly lower the allergen dose necessary for triggering anaphylaxis. Next to physical exercise or alcohol consumption, co-administration of nonsteroidal ...
May Linda E - - 2013
Obstetric providers are logical choices for conveying information about physical activity to their pregnant patients. However, research regarding obstetric providers counseling pregnant patients about physical activity is sparse. To investigate the association between obstetric providers discussing exercise with their pregnant patients and patients' exercise behaviors and to explore factors related ...
Jakovljevic Djordje G DG Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2013
Autonomic dysfunction has been reported in patients with NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) and is associated with clinical presentations. To date, there are no therapies to improve autonomic regulation in people with NAFLD. The present study defines the impact of a short-term exercise programme on cardiac autonomic and haemodynamic regulation ...
Kaibori Masaki - - 2013
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing measures oxygen uptake at increasing levels of work and predicts cardiopulmonary performance under conditions of stress, such as after abdominal surgery. Dynamic assessment of preoperative exercise capacity may be a useful predictor of postoperative prognosis. This study examined the relationship between preoperative exercise capacity and event-free survival ...
Oh Sechang - - 2013
PURPOSE: Weight reduction remains the most common therapy advocated for the treatment of obesity-related liver diseases. Recently, a beneficial effect of exercise regimens for liver dysfunction, independent of weight reduction, has been reported. Therefore, a retrospective analysis was conducted to determine whether exercise training without dietary restriction in obese, middle-aged ...
Desbrow Ben - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of manipulating the alcohol and sodium content of beer on fluid restoration following exercise. METHOD: Seven male volunteers exercised on a cycle ergometer until 1.96±0.25% body mass (mean±SD) was lost. Participants where then randomly allocated a different beer to consume on four separate occasions. Drinks ...
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