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Gonçalves Inês O IO Research Center in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exercise is considered a non-pharmacological tool against several lifestyle disorders in which mitochondrial dysfunction is involved. The present study aimed to analyze the preventive (voluntary physical activity - VPA) and therapeutic (endurance training - ET) role of exercise against non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-induced liver mitochondrial dysfunction. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were ...
Henchoz Yves Y Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital, CHUV, Av. Beaumont 21 bis, Pavillon 2, CH-1011 Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aims to measure the associations of physical activity and one of its components, sport and exercise, with at-risk substance use in a population of young men. Baseline (2010-2012) and follow-up (2012-2013) data of 4748 young Swiss men from the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF) were ...
Sussman Steve S Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Alhambra, CA, - - 2014
Recent work has studied multiple addictions using a matrix measure, which taps multiple addictions through single responses for each type. The present study investigated use of a matrix measure approach among former alternative high school youth (average age = 19.8 years) at risk for addictions. Lifetime and last 30-day prevalence ...
Lancaster Graeme I GI Cellular and Molecular Metabolism Laboratory, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
A lack of physical activity is linked to the development of many chronic diseases. It is now well established that the immune system and inflammation play a central role in the development of numerous chronic metabolic diseases including insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and specific ...
Haugvad Anders A 1Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Martin, Slovakia 2Norwegian Olympic Federation, Oslo, Norway 3Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of ethanol consumption on recovery from traditional resistance exercise in recreationally trained individuals. Nine recreationally trained volunteers (8 males, 1 female, 26±4 yrs., 81±4 kg) conducted four resistance exercise sessions and consumed a low (0.6 [females] and 0.7 [males] g/kg body mass) or a high ...
Henchoz Yves Y Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital CHUV, Av. Beaumont 21 Bis, Pavillon 2, 1011, Lausanne, Switzerland, - - 2014
Health benefits of sport and exercise are well documented in children, adolescents and adults, but little is known about emerging adulthood-a period of life characterized by significant demographic and developmental changes. The present study aimed to assess the health impact of changes in sport and exercise levels during that specific ...
Román Eva E Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Mas Casanovas 90, 08041, Barcelona, - - 2014
Physical exercise could improve functional limitations, muscle mass, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with cirrhosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an exercise programme and leucine supplementation to increase exercise capacity, muscle mass, and HRQoL in patients with cirrhosis. Seventeen ...
Tan N C NC SingHealth Polyclinics - Department of Research, 167 Jalan Bukit Merah, #15-10, Tower 5, Connection One, Singapore 150167. - - 2014
Not much is known regarding how primary care physicians (PCPs) in Singapore keep themselves healthy and mitigate ill health. This study aims to determine the health-seeking behaviour of local PCPs and to identify the predictors of local PCPs attaining the recommended level of exercise. This study was a cross-sectional questionnaire ...
Brown Richard A RA Alpert Medical School of Brown University/Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906. Electronic address: - - 2014
Interventions targeting physical activity may be valuable as an adjunct to alcohol treatment, but have been relatively untested. In the current study, alcohol dependent, physically sedentary patients were randomized to: a 12-week moderate-intensity, group aerobic exercise intervention (AE; n=25) or a brief advice to exercise intervention (BA-E; n=23). Results showed ...
van den Berg-Emons Rita J G RJ R.J.G. van den Berg-Emons, PhD (Health Science), Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Erasmus University Medical - - 2014
BackgroundIt is hypothesized that increasing physical fitness and daily physical activity can lead to a reduction in fatigue. However, standard medical care following liver transplantation seldom includes rehabilitation that focuses on physical fitness and physical activity.ObjectiveTo explore whether a rehabilitation program can reduce fatigue in liver transplant recipients. Furthermore, effects ...
Gerber Lynn H - - 2014
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is frequently concomitant with obesity. This article discusses factors that influence health and functional outcomes of people who develop NAFLD, including increased burden of illness, whole body function, performance, and perception of self-efficacy. Changes in macronutrients, amount of calories consumed, and decreased physical activity all ...
Liu Wu Yi - - 2014
Pre-diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are associated with an unhealthy lifestyle and pose extremely high costs to the healthcare system. In this study, we aim to explore whether individualized aerobic exercise (AEx) and low carbohydrate diet (LCh) intervention affect hepatic fat content (HFC) in pre-diabetes via modification of ...
Parr Evelyn B EB Exercise and Nutrition Research Group, School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Victoria, - - 2014
The culture in many team sports involves consumption of large amounts of alcohol after training/competition. The effect of such a practice on recovery processes underlying protein turnover in human skeletal muscle are unknown. We determined the effect of alcohol intake on rates of myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS) following strenuous exercise ...
Eherer Andreas A Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, - - 2014
The first step in the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is lifestyle modification, with dietary recommendations such as increasing fiber intake and lowering dietary fat. While there is some physiological evidence that various foods as well as alcohol and tobacco affect the pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), ...
Matias-Guiu Jorge J Hospital Clínico San Carlos, 28010 Madrid, Spain ; Service of Neurology, Institute of Neurosciences, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Avenida Professor Martín Lagos S/N, 28010 Madrid, - - 2014
We have analyzed the relation of prevalence rates in Spanish regions with a series of human, environmental, and ecological factors. We find that the variability in migraine rates found between Spanish regions may be explained by interregional differences in the percentage of daily smokers, percentage of alcohol consumers, percentage of ...
Barnett Nancy P - - 2013
Substance use and exercise have opposite trajectories in young adulthood, and research indicates that peers are influential for both of these health behaviors, but simultaneous investigations of peer associations with substance use and exercise have not been conducted. Objective: Use a college residence hall peer network to examine associations between ...
Barcelos Rômulo Pillon RP Departamento de Química, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas (CCNE), Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), Santa Maria, RS, - - 2013
Caffeine has been widely used in sports competitions due to its ergogenic effects. Most of the studies regarding caffeine and exercise have focused on muscle and plasma adaptations, while the impact on the liver is scarcely described. The aim is to analyze the effects of caffeine and exercise training on ...
Linden Melissa A - - 2013
Here we sought to compare the efficacy of combining exercise and metformin for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in hyperphagic, obese, type 2 diabetic, Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats. OLETF rats (age 20 wks; hyperglycemic and hyperinsulinemic; n=10/group) were randomly assigned to ...
Dulfer Karolijn - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a standardized exercise program on sports enjoyment and leisure-time spending in adolescents with congenital heart disease and to know what the moderating impact of their baseline health behavior and disease knowledge is. Included were 93 patients, aged 10 to ...
Lewis Jay - - 2013
This cross-sectional study was designed to identify correlates of blood pressure control behaviors, including participation in physical activity, maintaining a healthy diet, limiting alcohol and tobacco use, discussing blood pressure with a doctor, and getting screened for blood pressure. The study sample included 116 Korean American men and women aged ...
Fletcher Justin A - - 2013
Hepatic mitochondrial adaptations to exercise are largely unknown. Here we sought to determine the effects of various exercise modalities on measures of hepatic mitochondrial function and metabolism. Male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned (n=8-10 per group) into sedentary (SED), voluntary wheel running (VWR), VWR with food pulled during the ...
Darlington Todd M - - 2013
The mesolimbic dopaminergic pathway has been implicated in many rewarding behaviors, including the consumption of ethanol and voluntary exercise. It has become apparent that different rewarding stimuli activate this pathway, and therefore it is possible for these behaviors to influence each other, i.e. hedonic substitution. Using adult female C57BL/6J mice, ...
O'Donovan Cuisle - - 2013
Active video games are used in many hospitals as exercise tools for children with cystic fibrosis. However, the exercise intensity associated with playing these games has not been examined in this population. Children with cystic fibrosis [n=30, aged 12.3 (2.6) years, 17 boys, BMI 17.7 (2.8) kg/m(2)] were recruited from ...
Sumida Yoshio - - 2013
Physicians often experience difficulties in motivating patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to undergo lifestyle changes. The aim of this study is to examine whether 'Donations for Decreased alanine aminotransferase (ALT)' (D4D) prosocial behavior incentive can serve as an effective intrinsic motivational factor in comparison with conventional dietary and ...
Barry Adam E - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To explore gender differences regarding weight management behaviors of college drinkers. Participants: Nationally representative sample of college students from the fall 2008 American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment II (N = 26,062 students). Methods: Structural equation modeling was used to examine potential gender differences in associations ...
Weinstein Aviv - - 2013
Exercise and sports activity is beneficial both physically and psychologically but excessive exercise may have adverse physiological and psychological effects. There are methodological issues in the definition, diagnosis and etiology of exercise addiction. Several questionnaires and diagnostic tools have been developed and validated and they show high validity and reliability. ...
E Lezi L University of Kansas Alzheimer's Disease Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA; Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, - - 2013
The effects of exercise are not limited to muscle, and its ability to mitigate some chronic diseases is under study. A more complete understanding of how exercise impacts non-muscle tissues might facilitate design of clinical trials and exercise mimetics. Here, we focused on lactate's ability to mediate changes in liver ...
Oh Hwajung - - 2013
Poor self-regulation of high energy snacking has been linked to weight gain. Physical activity can acutely reduce chocolate consumption and cravings but the effects on attentional bias (AB) are unknown. The study aimed to test the effects of exercise among normal and overweight/obese individuals during temporary and longer abstinence. Participants ...
Bromberger Bianca - - 2013
Many transplant centers require that patients maintain a BMI below 40 kg/m(2) in order to be eligible for listing, rendering many morbidly obese patients with end-stage liver disease unable to access liver transplantation as a method of treatment. In order to determine the safest and most efficacious weight loss regimen in ...
Wölbing F - - 2013
Anaphylaxis is the systemic and most severe presentation of type I allergy. A number of conditions were identified that modulate the onset of anaphylaxis such as co- or augmentation factors, which significantly lower the allergen dose necessary for triggering anaphylaxis. Next to physical exercise or alcohol consumption, co-administration of nonsteroidal ...
May Linda E - - 2013
Obstetric providers are logical choices for conveying information about physical activity to their pregnant patients. However, research regarding obstetric providers counseling pregnant patients about physical activity is sparse. To investigate the association between obstetric providers discussing exercise with their pregnant patients and patients' exercise behaviors and to explore factors related ...
Jakovljevic Djordje G DG Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2013
Autonomic dysfunction has been reported in patients with NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) and is associated with clinical presentations. To date, there are no therapies to improve autonomic regulation in people with NAFLD. The present study defines the impact of a short-term exercise programme on cardiac autonomic and haemodynamic regulation ...
Kaibori Masaki - - 2013
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing measures oxygen uptake at increasing levels of work and predicts cardiopulmonary performance under conditions of stress, such as after abdominal surgery. Dynamic assessment of preoperative exercise capacity may be a useful predictor of postoperative prognosis. This study examined the relationship between preoperative exercise capacity and event-free survival ...
Oh Sechang - - 2013
PURPOSE: Weight reduction remains the most common therapy advocated for the treatment of obesity-related liver diseases. Recently, a beneficial effect of exercise regimens for liver dysfunction, independent of weight reduction, has been reported. Therefore, a retrospective analysis was conducted to determine whether exercise training without dietary restriction in obese, middle-aged ...
Desbrow Ben - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of manipulating the alcohol and sodium content of beer on fluid restoration following exercise. METHOD: Seven male volunteers exercised on a cycle ergometer until 1.96±0.25% body mass (mean±SD) was lost. Participants where then randomly allocated a different beer to consume on four separate occasions. Drinks ...
Herbsleb Marco - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Reduced cardio-vascular health has been found in patients suffering from alcohol dependence. Low cardio-respiratory fitness is an independent predictor of cardio-vascular disease. METHODS: We investigated physical fitness in 22 alcohol-dependent patients 10 days after acute alcohol withdrawal and compared results with matched controls. The standardized 6-min walk test (6 ...
Pugh Christopher Ja - - 2013
The leading causes of mortality in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) relate to cardiovascular disease (CVD). The contribution of nitric oxide (NO) to endothelial function, a surrogate of CVD risk, is currently unknown in NAFLD. We hypothesise that NO-mediated cutaneous microvessel function would be impaired in NAFLD compared with controls ...
Gatherwright James - - 2013
: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential contribution of environmental factors and testosterone on male alopecia. : Ninety-two identical male twins were recruited from 2009 to 2011. A comprehensive questionnaire was completed followed by the acquisition of sputum samples for testosterone analysis and standardized digital photography. ...
O'Cathail M - - 2013
Personal health practices are important determinants of health. Smoking habits are well documented among doctors. However, alcohol consumption, exercise rates and obesity rates are not. No indigenous studies have been done in this area. This descriptive population study aims to determine these factors. A questionnaire was sent to 381 consultants ...
Wakabayashi Ichiro - - 2013
AIMS: Lipid accumulation product (LAP), defined as a product of waist circumference and triglycerides, has recently been proposed as a predictor of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to determine whether and how LAP is associated with alcohol drinking. METHODS: Subjects were 21,378 men aged ...
Karoly Hollis C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Chronic alcohol abuse is related to numerous deleterious neurobiological consequences, including loss of gray matter, damage to white matter (WM), and impairment of cognitive and motor functions. Aerobic exercise has been demonstrated to slow cognitive decline and decrease the negative neural changes resulting from normal aging and from several ...
Xiao Jia - - 2013
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a leading cause of chronic liver injury and mortality in Western countries and China. However, as to date, there is no direct and effective therapy for this disease. The aim of this review is to analyze the key progress and challenges of main current ...
Shiranian Afshin - - 2013
After exercise, recovery is very essential in professional sport. Athletes use sport beverages to enhance endurance and physical performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Dough versus non-alcoholic beer and carbohydrate (CHO) fluid on performance, lipids profile, inflammatory biomarkers after Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (R.A.S.T) ...
Maurel Delphine B - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Excessive alcohol consumption is known to be a cause of secondary osteoporosis whereas physical activity is recommended in prevention of osteoporosis. This study was designed to analyze the effects of physical exercise on bone parameters in chronic alcohol-fed rats. METHODS: Forty-eight male Wistar rats were divided in four groups: ...
Kaibori Masaki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the outcomes of exercise therapy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hepatectomy. METHODS: Fifty-one patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were randomized to diet therapy alone (n = 25) or to exercise in addition to diet therapy (n = 26). Exercise at ...
Reineck Elizabeth - - 2013
The clinical expression of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) is undoubtedly influenced by modifying genetic and environmental factors. Lifestyle practices such as tobacco and alcohol use, poor nutritional intake, and physical inactivity are strongly associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes and increased mortality in the general population. Before addressing the direct effect of ...
Huang Chi-Chang - - 2013
Several studies have been shown that accelerated apoptosis is involved in post-exercise lymphocytopenia and tissue damage after high-intensity exercise. Ganoderma tsugae (GT) is one of the well-known medicinal mushrooms that possess various pharmacological functions. This mushroom has traditionally been used for health promotion purposes. This study investigates the hepatoprotective effects ...
Iikura Motoyasu - - 2013
The avoidance of inhaled allergens or tobacco smoke has been known to have favorable effects on asthma control. However, it remains unclear whether other lifestyle-related factors are also related to asthma control. Therefore, a comprehensive study to examine the associations between various lifestyle factors and asthma control was conducted in ...
Bacchi Elisabetta - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by frequent ectopic fat accumulation in several tissues and organs. In particular, a number of studies showed that these subjects frequently have hepatic fat accumulation, which may play a role in the metabolic abnormalities typical of diabetes and has been also linked to increased risk ...
Maynard Mark E - - 2013
Binge drinking damages the brain, and although a significant amount of recovery occurs with abstinence, there is a need for effective strategies to maximize neurorestoration. In contrast to binge drinking, exercise promotes brain health, so the present study assessed whether it could counteract ethanol-induced damage by augmenting natural self-repair processes ...
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