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Results 401 - 450 of 692
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Backx K - - 2000
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of different conditions of heat and humidity on two multiple bouts of high intensity cycling with 60 min recovery between each bout. Eight males (age: 25.5+/-1.8 yr, height: 179.0+/-3.7 cm; weight: 72.3+/-4.0 kg; VO2peak: 51.5+/-2.4 ml x kg(-1) x min(-1), ...
Ciampolini M - - 2000
A significant decrease in the bacterial count of small intestinal mucosa has been observed in children with recurrent diarrhea or abdominal pain in the time that has elapsed from the previous meal. Humans may be trained to recognize metabolic feelings of hunger that are associated with a steady and slightly ...
Cursiefen C - - 2000
PURPOSE: To compare recovery of temporal contrast sensitivity after flicker stress between control subjects and patients with glaucoma. METHODS: Forty-three patients with primary open-angle glaucoma and secondary open-angle or normal-tension glaucoma of the Erlangen Glaucoma Registry and 30 healthy control subjects had their temporal contrast sensitivity measured at 37 Hz ...
Kieffer J D - - 2000
Exercise to exhaustion leads to severe metabolic, acid-base and ionic changes in fish. It has been shown that several abiotic and biotic factors can limit burst exercise performance and the recovery process in fish. This article reviews the importance of body size, temperature, fasting/starvation and training on the ability of ...
Scholnick D A - - 2000
During recovery from even a brief period of exercise, metabolic rate remains elevated above resting levels for extended periods. The intensity and duration of exercise as well as body temperature and hormone levels can influence this excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC). We examined the influence of activity before exercise (ABE), ...
Pierpont G L - - 2000
The time constant (T) obtained by fitting post-exercise heart rate (HR) recovery to a first order exponential decay curve has been promoted as an index of parasympathetic activity. However, acceptance has been limited because reported data are inadequate to assess goodness of fit for the model, determine the best exercise ...
Schrauwen P - - 2000
When using (13)C or (14)C tracers to study substrate metabolism, an acetate correction factor should be applied to correct for loss of label in the exchange pathways of the tricarboxylic acid cycle. We have shown recently that the [(13)C]acetate recovery factor has a high inter-individual variability and should therefore be ...
Zhao S - - 2000
The relationship between changes in the muscle total adenine nucleotide pool (TAN = ATP + ADP + AMP) and IMP during and after 30 s of sprint cycling was examined. Skeletal muscle samples were obtained from the vastus lateralis muscle of seven untrained men (23. 9 +/- 2.3 yr, 74.4 ...
Cole C R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Abnormal heart rate recovery after symptom-limited exercise predicts death. It is unknown whether this is also true among patients undergoing submaximal testing. OBJECTIVE: To test the prognostic implications of heart rate recovery in cardiovascularly healthy adults undergoing submaximal exercise testing. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: 10 primary care sites. ...
Hemmings B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Despite massage being widely used by athletes, little scientific evidence exists to confirm the efficacy of massage for promoting both physiological and psychological recovery after exercise and massage effects on performance. AIM: To investigate the effect of massage on perceived recovery and blood lactate removal, and also to examine ...
Spalding T W - - 2000
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether higher aerobic fitness is associated with enhanced vagal influences on the myocardium, resulting in moderation of chronotropic cardiac activity during psychological stress and recovery. METHOD: Heart period (HP) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) were obtained from 10 aerobically trained (AT) ...
Solomonow M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine the rest duration required for full recovery of reflexive muscular activity and laxity/creep induced in the lumbar viscoelastic structures (e.g., ligaments, discs, etc.) after 50 min of cyclic loading, and to develop a model describing such recovery. BACKGROUND: It is well established that steady, cyclic or vibratory ...
MacLean D A - - 2000
The purpose of the present study was to use the microdialysis technique to simultaneously measure the interstitial concentrations of several putative stimulators of the exercise pressor reflex during 5 min of intermittent static quadriceps exercise in humans (n = 7). Exercise resulted in approximately a threefold (P < 0.05) increase ...
Koyama Y - - 2000
The effects of 'cool-down' during exercise recovery on cardiovascular and respiratory systems have not been fully clarified. The recovery of respiratory gasses was compared in cardiac patients after maximal exercise during which subjects either performed a cool-down or rested. Twenty-one patients (61+/-10 years) with coronary artery disease performed 2 symptom-limited ...
Sigal R J - - 2000
In intense exercise (>80% maximal oxygen consumption [VO2 max]), the 7- to 8-fold increase in glucose production (Ra) is tightly correlated with the greater than 14-fold increase in plasma norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (EPI). To distinguish the relative roles of alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors, the responses of 12 control (C) ...
Milligan C L - - 2000
Sustained swimming at 0.9 BL s(-)(1), where BL is fork body length, following a bout of exhaustive exercise enhanced recovery of metabolite and acid-base status in rainbow trout compared with fish held in still water. The most striking effect of an active recovery was a total absence of the elevation ...
Dotan R - - 2000
PURPOSE: Children's performance after intense exercise is known to recover faster than that of adults. However, very little is known about the physiological processes that differentiate children from adults in their recovery. The purpose of this study was to compare, in children, the decrease in blood lactate concentration ([La]) during ...
Georgiadis M P - - 2000
We investigated the effect of raising runt white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) separately from dominant fish during the initial stages of grow-out in a commercial farm. Runt fish are poor-growers, have underdeveloped muscle mass, swim slowly and are more-frequently found at the top of the water column. The objective of the ...
Takahashi T - - 2000
Cardiovascular responses were examined in seven healthy male subjects during 10 min of recovery in the upright or supine position following 5 min of upright cycle exercise at 80% peak oxygen uptake. An initial rapid decrease in heart rate (fc) during the early phase of recovery followed by much slower ...
Olsson L C - - 2000
An atrazine-tolerant mutant and an atrazine-sensitive cultivar of Brassica napus L. were grown under visible radiation (400 mumol m-2 s-1, photosynthetically active radiation, PAR) and then subjected to treatment conditions. These included short-term high PAR (1600 mumol m-2 s-1) which was given for 4 h either alone or in combination ...
Tupling R - - 2000
To investigate the hypothesis that intrinsic changes in sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+)-sequestration function can be implicated in postcontractile depression (PCD) of force in humans, muscle tissue was obtained from the vastus lateralis and determinations of maximal Ca(2+) uptake and maximal Ca(2+)-ATPase activity were made on homogenates obtained before and after ...
Ide K - - 2000
The metabolic activity of the brain has not been evaluated during physical exercise. In six volunteers substrate uptake by the brain was determined during graded exercise and recovery from maximal exercise by measuring the arterial-internal jugular venous concentration differences(a-v differences). The a-v difference for lactate increased from 0.02 +/- 0.08 ...
Nagashima K - - 2000
We tested the hypothesis that an elevation in albumin synthetic rate contributes to increased plasma albumin content during exercise-induced hypervolemia. Albumin synthetic rate was measured in seven healthy subjects at 1-5 and 21-22 h after 72 min of intense (85% peak oxygen consumption rate) intermittent exercise and after 5 h ...
Fisher M - - 1999
Five women and 5 men were studied to examine the effects of submaximal exercise on thermoregulatory and hemodynamic variables during recovery in two environments: (a) control (C), 22 degrees C, 33% rh; and (b) hot humid (H), 32 degrees C. The participants exercised on a cycle ergometer at 60% of ...
Lee Y S YS Department of Exercise Science, Se Jong University, Seul, - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to compare the 2-hr excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and rectal temperature (RT) after four-exercise bouts of varying intensity and duration, with and without glucose in milk (GM) ingestion. subjects completed the exercise tests in random order 4 times on ...
Kunimune Y - - 1999
STUDY DESIGN: A study using near-infrared light spectroscopy to measure recovery from exercise-induced desaturation in the paraspinal muscles of patients with idiopathic scoliosis. OBJECTIVES: To measure oxygenation of the paraspinal muscles and obtain differences between the convex and concave sides. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Authors of previous studies have reported ...
Kano H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: A sudden increase (overshoot) in the left ventricular ejection fraction during the recovery from maximal exercise has been reported in patients with coronary artery disease, but its mechanism has not been fully clarified. We investigated whether this phenomenon may occur in normal subjects, and whether it depends on the ...
Torjman M C - - 1999
This study investigated the delayed circulating leptin response to maximal and prolonged treadmill exercise. Six healthy untrained males performed three sessions after an overnight fast: control, maximal exercise, and prolonged exercise at 50% of maximal oxygen consumption. Blood samples were collected prior to exercise, at the end of exercise, and ...
Carter R R - - 1999
We sought to determine the relative contributions of cessation of skeletal muscle pumping and withdrawal of central command to the rapid decrease in arterial pressure during recovery from exercise. Twelve healthy volunteers underwent three exercise sessions, each consisting of a warm-up, 3 min of cycling at 60% of maximal heart ...
Buttelli O - - 1999
The effects of fatigue upon the torque-velocity (T-omega) relationship in cycling were studied in 11 subjects. Fatigue was induced by short exhausting exercise, on a cycle ergometer, consisting of 4 all-out sprints without recovery. The linear (T-omega) relationship was determined during each all-out sprint, before, during and after the exhausting ...
Kasper C E - - 1999
The effect of run training during the recovery period on the spatial distributions of fiber type was examined in atrophic soleus muscle of adult rats following 28 days of hindlimb suspension. During recovery, clusters of damaged and type IIC fibers were observed, which were more pronounced in the exercised animals ...
Green S - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to examine whether microdialysis and the internal reference thallium-201 ((201)Tl) could accurately measure muscle interstitial K+ (Ki+) before, during, and after exercise. The relative loss of (201)Tl and simultaneous relative recovery of K+ were measured in vitro for 12 microdialysis probes that were bathed ...
Heier T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: It is not known if the information on neuromuscular function obtained from the hand is interchangeable with that of the foot. In the present study the agreement of thumb mechanomyography with acceleromyography of the big toe was studied. METHODS: Ten healthy patients scheduled for oral surgery were studied. Anaesthesia ...
Chen J T - - 1999
Phosphorus magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy was used to measure the recovery kinetics of calculated cytoplasmic metabolically active adenosine diphosphate (ADP) after exercise in normal subjects and patients with mitochondrial myopathies. These kinetics have previously been fitted with a single exponential function, despite a complex time-dependent undershoot in many subjects. By ...
Thulborn K R - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to correlate functional recovery from aphasia after acute stroke with the temporal evolution of the anatomic, physiological, and functional changes as measured by MRI. METHODS: Blood oxygenation level-dependent contrast and echo-planar MRI were used to map language comprehension in 6 normal adults and ...
Putman C T - - 1999
Pyruvate dehydrogenase activity (PDHa) and acetyl-group accumulation were examined in the inactive deltoid muscle in response to maximal leg exercise in men. Seven subjects completed three consecutive 30-s bouts of maximal isokinetic cycling, with 4-min rest intervals between bouts. Biopsies of the deltoid were obtained before exercise, after bouts 1 ...
Francis N - - 1999
Recent studies have suggested that the increased ventilatory response during exercise in patients with chronic heart failure was related to the activation of muscle metaboreceptors. To address this issue, 23 patients with heart failure and 7 normal subjects performed arm and leg bicycle exercises with and without cuff inflation around ...
Bhambhani Y - - 1999
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between muscle oxygenation and arteriovenous oxygen difference [(a - v)O2diff)] at four constant rate workloads in healthy men and women and to compare these responses between the genders. METHODS: Nineteen men and 14 women consented to perform an incremental test to identify the lactic acidosis ...
Ors R - - 1999
The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic effect of 2 ml 25% sucrose and human milk in a group of healthy term newborns. Healthy infants (n = 102) were randomly allocated to receive one of three solutions (sucrose, human milk, sterile water) 2 min prior to taking ...
Schuback K - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to develop a standardised maximal treadmill exercise test performed until fatigue in order to find reproducible markers for anaerobic metabolism, specifically adenine nucleotide degradation. Six Standardbred trotters performed an incremental maximal treadmill exercise test in 1 min steps (starting with 7 m/s) until they ...
Rudzinski W E - - 1998
A polyurethane foam (PUF) sponge was mounted in a cassette sampler and evaluated as a sorbent for the collection of hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) monomer and HDI-based oligomers. Recovery studies indicated 112 +/- 34% average recovery of HDI monomer and 92 +/- 9% and 97 +/- 25% average recovery of HDI-based ...
Wrigley P J - - 1998
A phase 2, single-blinded, randomized, multicentre trial was conducted to compare recovery times from anaesthesia between patients induced with a new short-acting benzodiazepine Ro 48-6791 (Hoffman-La Roche, Sydney, N.S.W.) or propofol. Seventy-six patients were randomly allocated to receive either Ro 48-6791 or propofol for induction followed by a standardized anaesthetic. ...
MacLean D A - - 1998
We used the microdialysis technique to measure the interstitial concentration of several putative metabolic stimulants of the exercise pressor reflex during 3- and 5-Hz twitch contractions in the decerebrate cat. The peak increases in heart rate and mean arterial pressure during contraction were 20 +/- 5 beats/min and 21 +/- ...
Ha M - - 1998
The purpose of this study is to investigate the thermophysiological significance of hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties of underwear materials under the influences of profuse sweating produced during severe exercise in the cold. Two kinds of underwear were used: two layers of cotton underwear with two-piece long-sleeved shirt and full-trousers (C), ...
Carroll M T - - 1998
The neuromuscular blocking effects and the reversibility of cisatracurium 0.1 or 0.15 mg.kg-1 were compared with those of atracurium 0.5 mg.kg-1 during anaesthesia with propofol, nitrous oxide and isoflurane. Neuromuscular block was monitored using train-of-four stimulation while recording the mechanomyographic response of the adductor pollicis muscle. The block was either ...
Pinkowski W - - 1998
During training, in 10 trotters, blood samples from the vena jugularis were taken before and after a heat with 80% of maximum capability as well as in the recovery period. Lactic acid concentration and pH-value, haematocrit and haemoglobin content, as well as protein concentration and osmolality were measured. With the ...
Farrell A P - - 1998
Mature, wild sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) demonstrated their remarkable stamina and recovery abilities by performing three consecutive critical swimming speed tests with only a 45 min interval for recovery between subsequent tests. Although the repeated swimming challenges were performed without a full recovery, normoxic fish swam just as well on ...
Bowden J W - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to discover the internal aspects of change in persons who are doing well living without alcohol. The heuristic research method, a qualitative phenomenological design, was used to investigate the experience of recovery. Eight recovering alcoholics were interviewed in depth. The process of recovery reflected ...
Takahashi T - - 1998
To examine the influence of light exercise on cardiac responses during recovery from exercise, we measured heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), and cardiac output (Qc) in five healthy untrained male subjects in an upright position before, during, and after 10-min steady-state cycle exercise at an exercise intensity of 170 ...
Rotstein A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the effect of supramaximal short duration intermittent exercise in neutral and hot environmental conditions on changes in plasma volume. The return of plasma volume (PV) to pre-exercise values following different recovery conditions was also examined. METHODS: Experimental design. Within subject ...
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