Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 689
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Pierpont Gordon L - - 2004
Although delayed recovery of heart rate (HR) after exercise indicates poor prognosis, the relative role of parasympathetic reactivation versus sympathetic withdrawal in controlling exercise HR recovery remains controversial. Quantifying HR recovery is difficult because the rate of recovery varies with exercise level. This study develops a model of HR recovery ...
Dorado Cecilia - - 2004
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of activity performed during the recovery period on the aerobic and anaerobic energy yield, as well as on performance, during high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIT). Ten physical education students participated in the study. First they underwent an incremental exercise test to ...
Hemmerling Thomas M - - 2004
Phonomyography (PMG) is a new method for measuring neuromuscular blockade (NMB) at the larynx. In this study, we used PMG to compare NMB at the posterior cricoarytenoid (PCA) and the lateral cricoarytenoid muscle (LCA) in humans. Twelve patients were included in this study. Endotracheal intubation was performed without aid of ...
Blumen Marc B - - 2004
The increased genioglossus muscle (GGm) activity seen in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) may lead to increased fatigability or longer recovery time of the tongue. Maximal force, endurance, and recovery times of the tongue, electromyogram (EMG) absolute value, and EMG spectral analysis of the GGm obtained during submaximal contractions were ...
Morio Béatrice - - 2004
PURPOSE AND METHODS: Breakdown rates of very low density lipoprotein triacylglycerols (VLDL-TAG) were quantified before (3 h), during (45 min), and after (3 h) moderate physical exercise at 40% VO2 max in young sedentary subjects (four male and four female, age 29.8 +/-1.6 yr, BMI 24.1 +/- 0.9 kg x ...
Tisdell, Eric Joseph
Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) has been attributed to metabolic, hemodynamic, neuroendocrine, and pulmonary factors. In one particular study, Barclay (J Appl Physiol 1986;61(3):1084-90) suggested that a lower rate of fatigue and hyperperfusion following a bout of exercise was due to a mechanism other than increased oxygen and substrate delivery. ...
Robertson A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The effect of massage on recovery from high intensity exercise is debatable. Many studies on massage suffer from methodological flaws such as poor standardisation of previous exercise, lack of dietary control, and inappropriate massage duration. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of leg massage compared with passive recovery on lactate ...
McAinch Andrew J - - 2004
This study tested the hypothesis that active recovery between bouts of intense aerobic exercise would lead to better maintenance of exercise performance in the second bout of exercise. Seven trained men on 2 separate occasions (VO(2peak) = 58.3+/- 9.4 ml x kg(-1) x min(-1)) performed as much work as possible ...
Eikermann M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Accelerometry (ACM) of adductor pollicis muscle has been used for monitoring of neuromuscular blockade but its validity compared with the gold standard, mechanomyography (MMG), has been questioned. During neuromuscular blockade we compared these methods and we assessed pulmonary function. METHODS: In awake partially paralyzed volunteers we spirometrically assessed pulmonary ...
Shibasaki Manabu - - 2004
The objective of this study was to identify whether muscle mechanoreceptor stimulation is capable of modulating sweat rate. Seven healthy subjects performed two 20-min bouts of supine exercise on a tandem cycle ergometer (60 rpm at 65% of maximal heart rate). After one bout, the subject stopped exercising (i.e., no ...
Journeay W Shane - - 2004
The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of 1) passive (assisted pedaling), 2) active (loadless pedaling), and 3) inactive (motionless) recovery modes on mean arterial pressure (MAP), skin blood flow (SkBF), and sweating during recovery after 15 min of dynamic exercise. It was hypothesized that an active ...
Huber Roman - - 2004
Rapid and complete tissue reoxygenation is a prime goal of present stroke therapy. However, reoxygenation may trigger detrimental cascades that partially antagonize beneficial effects. It was our goal to investigate selective grading of reoxygenation with targeting of single mitochondrial complexes in murine hippocampal slices. Population spike amplitude (PSAP) and NADH ...
Spierer D K - - 2004
The current investigation was undertaken to determine the effects of active versus passive recovery on work performance during repeated bouts of supramaximal exercise. Six healthy sedentary subjects and 9 moderately trained healthy hockey players performed serial 30-second Wingate anaerobic power tests (WAnT) on a bicycle ergometer interposed with 4 minutes ...
Dupont Grégory - - 2004
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of passive versus active recovery on muscle oxygenation and on the time to exhaustion for high-intensity intermittent exercises. METHODS: Twelve male subjects performed a graded test and two intermittent exercises to exhaustion. The intermittent exercises (15 s) were alternated with recovery periods (15 s), which ...
Akay Metin - - 2004
Progressive hypoxemia in anesthetized, peripherally chemodenervated piglets results in initial depression of the phrenic neurogram (PN) culminating in phrenic silence and, eventually, gasping. These changes reverse after the 30 min reoxygenation (recovery) period. To determine if changes in the PN patterns correspond to changes in temporal patterning, we have used ...
Johannessen Wade - - 2004
The objectives of this study were (1) to quantify changes in the mechanical behavior of the intervertebral disc in response to cyclic compressive loading and (2) to determine whether mechanical behavior would be restored following a period of unloading. The elastic and viscoelastic compressive mechanical behaviors of adult sheep motion ...
Solomonow M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the mechanical and neurological processes active in the development of a cumulative trauma disorder (CTD) associated with repetitive exposure to periods of static lumbar flexion. METHODS: The spine of the feline model was subjected to a series of three 10 min sessions of static lumbar flexion with ...
Wilson Thad E - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to identify whether baroreceptor unloading was responsible for less efficient heat loss responses (i.e., skin blood flow and sweat rate) previously reported during inactive compared with active recovery after upright cycle exercise (Carter R III, Wilson TE, Watenpaugh DE, Smith ML, and Crandall CG. ...
Georgoulias Panagiotis - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The increase in heart rate during exercise is considered to be attributed to sympathetic system activation combined with parasympathetic withdrawal. The prognostic importance of the chronotropic response to exercise and heart rate recovery 1 minute after exercise has already been established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate ...
Galloway Brendan J - - 2003
This research examined the influence of acute changes of water temperature on the recovery processes following exhaustive exercise in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). White muscle phosphocreatine (PCr), ATP, lactate, glycogen, glucose, pyruvate, plasma lactate, and plasma osmolality were measured during rest and at 0, 1, 2, and 4 h ...
Takayama Jun - - 2003
PURPOSE: To investigate the time course of changes in optic nerve head (ONH) circulation after an acute increase in intraocular pressure (IOP), by using the laser speckle method, and to evaluate the effects of a calcium antagonist, the nitric oxide synthetase inhibitor, indomethacin, or sympathetic nerve amputation on the response ...
Bolster Douglas R - - 2003
The purpose of the present investigation was to determine whether mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-mediated signalling and some key regulatory proteins of translation initiation are altered in skeletal muscle during the immediate phase of recovery following acute resistance exercise. Rats were operantly conditioned to reach an illuminated bar located high ...
Richards J G - - 2003
We examined the effects of exhaustive exercise and post-exercise recovery on white muscle substrate depletion and metabolite distribution between white muscle and blood plasma in the Pacific spiny dogfish, both in vivo and in an electrically stimulated perfused tail-trunk preparation. Measurements of arterial-venous lactate, total ammonia, beta-hydroxybutyrate, glucose, and L-alanine ...
Raastad Truls - - 2003
Effects of normal strength exercise on leukocyte accumulation were examined in 10 well-trained male subjects (27.2 +/- 2.7 yr). The workout, consisting of five maximal sets of three repetitions of leg press exercise and five maximal sets of six repetitions of knee extension exercise, was performed with the dominant leg, ...
Motamed C - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Datex-Ohmeda neuromuscular transmission module (M-NMT) is a new monitor that is part of the AS/3 anaesthesia monitor. It incorporates a mechanosensor, which is a piezoelectric polymer attached to the hand. The module was compared with a force transducer in 30 patients requiring neuromuscular blockade. METHODS: Anaesthesia ...
Price Emma L - - 2003
PURPOSE: The hypotensive effect of exercise on intraocular pressure is well documented, however, little is known about the effect of exercise on pulsatile ocular blood flow. This study examines this effect and follows the recovery of intraocular pressure and pulsatile ocular blood flow after a standard exercise period. METHODS: Eighteen ...
Dupont Grégory - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of active vs. passive recovery on the time to exhaustion for intermittent runs (15 s) at supramaximal velocity (120% of maximal aerobic speed). Twelve male subjects performed a graded test, an intermittent run to exhaustion with active recovery (50% of ...
Pierson Lee M - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the effects of age, gender, comorbid conditions, and exercise on the recovery of self-reported functional capacity after coronary artery surgery, and to identify predictors of 1-year functional capacity. PATIENTS: One hundred ninety-eight patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: ...
Ali Hassan H - - 2003
This study was undertaken to compare the sensitivities of the train-of-four response (2 Hz for 2 s), the single twitch (0.15 Hz), and the tetanic response (50 Hz for 5 s) as indices of residual nondepolarizing block. Spontaneous or induced recovery of evoked thumb adduction in response to ulnar nerve ...
Jemni Monèm - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of two recovery strategies between men's gymnastics events on blood lactate removal (BL) and performance as rated by expert "blind" judges. Twelve male gymnasts (21.8 +/- 2.4 years) participated. The sessions were composed of routine performances in the six Olympic ...
Demura Shinichi - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine the relations of ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) of the legs, chest, and overall body with physiological responses (heart rate and oxygen uptake) both during incremental cycling exercise and the recovery stage (submaximal light exercise after total exhaustion). Subjects were 10 healthy ...
Engels Hermann-J - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study examined the efficacy of ginseng to modulate secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA), exercise performance, and recovery from repeated bouts of strenuous physical exertion. METHODS: Using a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized design, 38 active healthy adults supplemented their diets with a standardized ginseng concentrate (400 mg.d-1 of G115; equivalent to ...
van Loon Luc J C - - 2003
To provide guidelines on the correct application of the acetate recovery factor in metabolic research, we investigated the influence of exercise intensity and infusion protocol on [1,2-(13)C]acetate label recovery during exercise. Eight cyclists were studied during [1,2-(13)C]acetate infusion for 1 h at rest followed by three 30-min stages of cycling ...
Vinebrooke Rolf D - - 2003
Algal assemblages can be highly responsive to environmental changes in recovering acidified lakes. We compared epilithic algal assemblages in boreal lakes during chemical recovery from atmospheric (Killarney Park, Ontario) and experimental (Lake 302S, Experimental Lakes Area, Ontario) acidification to assess the impact of spatial and temporal scale of severe acidification ...
Sairyo K - - 2003
The effect of active recovery at a decreasing % of MVC following intense muscular exercise on intramuscular pH was investigated in vivo using 31P-MRS. Seven healthy men participated, and their right wrist flexor muscle group was examined. The subjects were asked to flex their right wrist at 60 % of ...
Thompson D - - 2003
The aim of this study was to investigate whether post-exercise vitamin C supplementation influences recovery from an unaccustomed bout of exercise. Sixteen male subjects were allocated to either a placebo (P; n=8) or vitamin C (VC) group ( n=8). Subjects performed a prolonged (90-min) intermittent shuttle-running test, and supplementation began ...
Kimber Nicholas E - - 2003
The primary aim of the present study was to determine whether intramuscular triacylglycerol (IMTG) utilization contributed significantly to the increase in lipid oxidation during recovery from exercise, as determined from the muscle biopsy technique. In addition, we also examined the regulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDHa) and changes in muscle acetyl ...
Crisafulli Antonio - - 2003
The aim of this work was to study the differences in cardiovascular response during two modes of recovery [active (AR): pedalling at 40 W; and passive (PR): complete rest seated] from a single bout of supramaximal exercise. Eight male amateur soccer players underwent two supramaximal cycle-ergometer tests, each consisting of ...
Raamat Rein - - 2003
Arterial pressure waveform can be characterized by the pulse shape index kpulse determined as kpulse = (Pmean - Pdiast) / (Psyst - Pdiast). For brachial artery, the shape index value of 0.33 is usually applied to approximate Pmean from the measured Psyst and Pdiast. Our purpose was to test whether ...
Birmingham C Laird - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Nutritional recovery in anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with improved exercise tolerance. METHOD: We describe the investigation of a male with AN. Despite nutritional recovery, he complained of impaired exercise tolerance. RESULTS: Respiratory muscle weakness was demonstrated as the cause of the impaired exercise tolerance. DISCUSSION: Weakness of the ...
Roest Arno A W - - 2003
In six asymptomatic patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot and nine healthy control subjects, the authors assessed left ventricular (LV) function during recovery from supine bicycle exercise by performing fast magnetic resonance (MR) flow mapping in the ascending aorta. Abnormal recovery of LV function after exercise was observed in the ...
Juknys Romualdas - - 2003
The results of long-term investigations of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) growth and condition in the impact zone of one of the biggest air pollution sources in Lithuania--mineral fertilizers plant "Achema" are presented. The main attention is laid to the recovery of damaged stands since annual emissions to air were ...
White Lesley J - - 2003
The purpose of this investigation was to compare intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) changes in skeletal muscle in nine moderately trained subjects after 45 min of interval cycling and through 1 h of recovery. The exercise session was continuous with alternating cycling intensity achieving 50 (3 min) and 110% (2 min) of ...
Messinger-Rapport Barbara - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prognostic value in older adults of two predictors of mortality: impaired functional capacity and an attenuated heart rate recovery. SETTING: Academic medical center. DESIGN: Prospective study with mean 3.7 years follow-up. PARTICIPANTS: Seven thousand three hundred fifty-four adults aged 65 and older consecutively referred for exercise ...
Marigold Daniel S - - 2003
Understanding reactive recovery responses to slipping is fundamental in falls research and prevention. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the role of the unperturbed limb and arms in the reactive recovery response to an unexpected slip. Ten healthy, young adults participated in this experiment in which an ...
Kearns Charles F - - 2002
PURPOSE: The purpose of this 8-wk study was to examine the effect of therapeutic levels of clenbuterol on aerobic performance and hemodynamics associated with exercise. METHODS: Twenty-three unfit Standardbred mares were divided into four experimental groups, clenbuterol (2.4 microg x kg(-1) body weight twice daily) plus exercise (20 min at ...
Shishehbor Mehdi H - - 2002
PURPOSE: An abnormally attenuated heart rate recovery after exercise is a predictor of mortality that is thought to reflect decreased parasympathetic activity. Lower educational level may be associated with automatic imbalance. We sought to assess the association of educational level with heart rate recovery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Among 5246 healthy ...
Chauhan Vijay S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Sex differences have been described in resting cardiac repolarization and susceptibility to torsade de pointes in humans. This study compares the QT-interval and QT-dispersion dynamics during exercise and recovery between healthy men and women. METHODS: Twenty healthy subjects (10 males aged 30 +/- 4 years, 10 females aged 31 ...
Swank Ann Marie - - 2002
In this investigation we studied the effect of manipulating the acid-base balance through sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO(3)) ingestion on ratings of perceived exertion for the overall body (RPE-O) and on differentiated ratings for the leg and chest (RPE-L, RPE-C) during exercise recovery. Six women of college age underwent 3 experimental conditions ...
Bouassida A - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a recovery period between two periods of exercise on bone metabolism and related hormones. Concentrations of serum parathyroid hormone ([PTH]), plasma ionized calcium ([Ca(2+)]) and total calcium were measured. A group of 12 healthy men aged 20-27 years participated ...
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