Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 692
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Matsuura Ryouta - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of oral administration of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) on surface electromyogram (SEMG) activity from the vastus lateralis (VL) during repeated cycling sprints (RCS). Subjects performed two RCS tests (ten 10-s sprints) interspersed with both 30-s and 360-s recovery periods 1 h ...
Cheerambathur Dhanya K - - 2007
Anaphase B in Drosophila embryos is initiated by the inhibition of microtubule (MT) depolymerization at spindle poles, which allows outwardly sliding interpolar (ip) MTs to drive pole-pole separation. Using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, we observed that MTs throughout the preanaphase B spindle are very dynamic and display complete recovery of ...
Dhonneur G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Because the intensity of neuromuscular block at the diaphragm (DIA) is indirectly assessed, the electromyographic measurements of the DIA (DIA(EMG)) from surface electrodes were related to information provided by visual estimation of neuromuscular transmission at the adductor pollicis (AP) and the corrugator supercilii (CSC) during recovery from vecuronium block. ...
Hanson Mark L - - 2007
The influence of relative isolation on the ecological recovery of freshwater outdoor mesocosm communities after an acute toxic stress was assessed in a 14-month-long study. A single concentration of deltamethrin was applied to 8 out of 16 outdoor 9-m3 mesocosms to create a rapid decrease of the abundance of arthropods. ...
Myers Jonathan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Heart rate recovery (HRR) is a marker of vagal tone that is associated with survival, but little is known about the effects of exercise training on HRR in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS: Twenty-four patients with HF were randomized to a 2-month residential rehabilitation program or to usual ...
Billaut François - - 2007
We examined the effect of recovery pattern on mechanical and neuromuscular responses in active men during three repeated-sprint ability tests consisting of ten 6-s cycling sprints. Within each test, the recovery duration was manipulated: constant, increasing, and decreasing recovery pattern. Maximal voluntary contractions of the knee extensors were performed before ...
Zochowski Thomas T Canadian Sport Centre Pacific, - - 2007
Warm-up before athletic competition might enhance performance by affecting various physiological parameters. There are few quantitative data available on physiological responses to the warm-up, and the data that have been reported are inconclusive. Similarly, it has been suggested that varying the recovery period after a standardized warm-up might affect subsequent ...
Perret Claudio C Swiss Paraplegic Research, Nottwil, Switzerland. - - 2007
To investigate the impact of low-intensity isocapnic hyperpnoea (IH) on blood lactate disappearance after exhaustive arm exercise in comparison with passive and active recovery using the previously loaded muscle group. Randomised, crossover trial. Institute for Sports Medicine. 18 healthy non-smoking and physically active male subjects. Subjects performed three arm cranking ...
Arena Ross - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Heart rate recovery (HRR) has become an important diagnostic and prognostic marker in recent years. Subjects with hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) demonstrate arterial wall changes that reduce compliance. Arterial compliance may influence HRR by altering baroreceptor discharge. The purpose of the present study is to examine differences in HRR between ...
Skoric D - - 2007
The aim of this study was to compare (a) two different umbilical cord blood (UCB) collection methods while the placenta is still in the uterus (in utero), and (b) to evaluate the efficacy of four cryopreservation protocols based on UCB haematopoiestic stem cell (HSC) recovery. We analysed UCB samples collected ...
Myers Jonathan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Both an impaired capacity to increase heart rate during exercise testing (chronotropic incompetence), and a slowed rate of recovery following exercise (heart rate recovery) have been shown to be associated with all-cause mortality. It is, however, unknown which of these responses more powerfully predicts risk, and few data are ...
Hamlin Michael J - - 2007
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two recovery techniques on blood lactate and repeated sprint performance. In a randomised cross-over design 20 junior representative rugby players (aged 19+/-1 years) were given either contrast temperature water therapy or active recovery after performing a repeated sprint test. ...
Glodzik-Sobanska L - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Functional imaging studies suggest that poststroke recovery is related to the reorganization in both contralesional and ipsilesional prefrontal cortex. Little is known, however, about how longitudinal metabolic changes in prefrontal regions relate to the improvement after stroke. We sought to determine whether poststroke recovery is associated with ...
Matsuura Ryouta - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine whether a 350-s recovery period allows recovery of peak power output (PPO) to its initial value under the condition of a blood lactate (La) concentration higher than 10 mmol.L-1 during repeated cycling sprints (RCS). RCS (10x10-s cycling sprints) were performed under two ...
Hoffman Jay R - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of low- vs. high-intensity resistance exercise on lipid peroxidation. In addition, the role of muscle oxygenation on plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations was explored. Eleven experienced resistance trained male athletes (age: 20.8 +/- 1.3 years; weight: 96.2 +/- 14.4 kg; height: ...
Kiefer Jan - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to evaluate possible protective effects of corticosteroids on the inner ear after surgical trauma and to exclude any ototoxicity. A corticosteroid (triamcinolone, Volon A) was topically applied to the inner ear of guinea pigs, either by extracochlear application with permeation and diffusion through ...
Buckley Thomas - - 2007
Respiratory infections, recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) and exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) are major causes of poor performance in horses. Fungi and mycotoxins are now recognised as a major cause of these conditions. The most notable fungi are Aspergillus and Fusarium. Fungal spores can originate from forage, bedding and feed ...
Nakahara H - - 2006
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exhaustive exercise on the time course of arterial blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) during upright resting (inactive) and loadless pedaling (active) recovery from a bicycle exercise to exhaustion. METHODS: The subjects were 11 healthy normotensive males. ...
Suski Cory D - - 2007
This study was intended to discover whether forcing largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) to swim at 0.5 body lengths/second following exercise would expedite recovery relative to fish recovered in static water. Exercise resulted in a suite of physiological disturbances for largemouth bass that included a depletion of anaerobic energy stores, an ...
Morton R Hugh - - 2007
The benefits of rapid recovery after intense exercise are widely recognised, and lactate elimination is one indicator of recovery rate. This study examined the effect of contrast (alternating hot and cold) water immersion (CWI) on the rate of plasma lactate decrease during recovery after intense anaerobic exercise. Eleven subjects on ...
Lee-Jenkins S S Y - - 2007
This study investigated the recovery of locomotory activity in exhausted juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, approximately 6-10-cm fork length) in response to two conditions: (1) direct transfer to a range of velocities (0-15 cm s(-1)) in a swim flume (forced swimming) and (2) direct transfer to a pool downstream of ...
Thevenet Delphine - - 2007
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of recovery mode (active/passive) on time spent at high percentage of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) i.e. above 90% of VO2max (t90VO2max) and above 95% of VO2max (t95VO2max) during a single short intermittent session. Eight endurance-trained male adolescents (15.9 +/- 1.4 ...
Jones Eric J - - 2006
McLester et al. (2003) proposed a practical protocol to determine optimal recovery times between resistance training workouts. For this protocol to be useful, it must be stable. The purpose of this study was to investigate the stability of that protocol. College-aged resistance trained men (n = 10) performed 3 sets ...
Ogoh Shigehiko - - 2007
We sought to examine the regulation of cerebral blood flow during 10 min of recovery from mild, moderate, and heavy cycling exercise by measuring middle cerebral artery blood velocity (MCA V). Transfer function analyses between changes in arterial blood pressure and MCA V were used to assess the frequency components ...
Rojas Vega Sandra - - 2006
The effect of short-term aerobic exercise and a following ramp incremental cycle ergometry to exhaustion on the acute response of the serum concentrations of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and cortisol (COR) was examined in 8 healthy male athletes. Venous and capillary blood samples were drawn at rest, immediately after ...
Kenny Glen P - - 2006
We examined the effect of two levels of exercise-induced hypotension on esophageal (Tes) and active and nonactive muscle temperatures during and following exercise. Seven males performed an incremental isotonic test on a Kin-Com isokinetic apparatus to determine their peak oxygen consumption during bilateral knee extensions (VO2sp). This was followed on ...
Wilcock Ian M - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the effect that postexercise immersion in water has on subsequent exercise performance. METHODS: A literary search and review of water-immersion and performance studies was conducted. RESULTS: Seven articles were examined. In 2, significant benefits to performance were observed. Those 2 articles revealed a small to large effect ...
Dahl S - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: A retrospective study concerning spontaneous active recovery intensity, i.e. at a freely chosen speed, after a submaximal exercise in trotters showed that the mean intensity demanded by trainers corresponds to 40-50% of maximal heart rate (max HR; unpublished data). However, in human athletes, optimal active recovery ...
Spencer Matt - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare active versus passive recovery on performance and metabolism during a test of repeated-sprint ability. METHODS: Nine males performed four repeated-sprint cycle tests (six 4-s sprints, every 25 s) in a randomized, counterbalanced order: two tests with active recovery (approximately 32% VO2max) and two with passive recovery. Muscle ...
Auriat Angela M - - 2006
Exercise can improve recovery following ischemia and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in rodents. We tested whether forced exercise (EX; running wheel) prior to and/or following ICH in rats would reduce lesion volume and improve functional outcome (walking, skilled reaching, spontaneous paw usage) at 7 weeks post-ICH. A striatal hemorrhage was produced ...
Bevilacqua Stanislao - - 2006
1. Understanding whether Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) can be considered as a suitable tool for restoring the structure and function of populations and assemblages is urgently needed to achieve an effective policy of mitigation of human impact in coastal management. However, to date, the role played by MPAs in enhancing ...
Walther Guillaume - - 2006
PURPOSE: To use Doppler ultrasound 1) to assess the relationship between exercise intensity and changes in femoral and axillary artery diameter, 2) to determine whether volume blood flow (BF) measured during early recovery accurately reflects exercise BF, and 3) to assess the influence of artery caliber and/or site as well ...
Deschenes Michael R - - 2006
PURPOSE: This investigation was conducted to compare the physiological responses of men and women, both during and following an exercise bout at the same relative submaximal intensity. METHODS: Ten untrained men (20.7+/-0.5 yr, 178.4+/-2.3 cm, 79.6+/-4.8 kg; mean+/-SE) and 10 untrained women (20.3+/-0.3 yr, 163.8+/-2.2 cm, 59.5+/-2.1 kg) cycled for ...
Raj T - - 2006
Measurement of rates of in vivo substrate oxidation such as that of glucose, fatty acids and amino acids, are based on tracer (14C or 13C) data, and often depend on the isotopic content of expired CO2. The recovery of tracer-labelled CO 2 generated from the oxidation of 13C labelled substrates ...
Walsh Michael L - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine whether volitional hyperventilation at 20 L x min(-1) above normal exercise values affected exercise duration while performing ramp exercise to exhaustion. Nine healthy subjects performed a ramp exercise test to exhaustion. On a subsequent test they hyperventilated, with the aid of visual ...
Shin Hyun-Chool - - 2006
In this paper, we provide a quantitative electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis to study the effect of hypothermia on the neurological recovery of brain after cardiac arrest. We hypothesize that the brain injury results in a reduction in information of the brain rhythm. To measure the information content of the EEG a ...
McInnis Natalie H - - 2006
The following study examined the effect of 15 degrees head-down tilt (HDT) on postexercise heat loss and hemodynamic responses. We tested the hypothesis that recovery from dynamic exercise in the HDT position would attenuate the reduction in the heat loss responses of cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) and sweating relative to ...
Doyle L M F - - 2006
We investigated whether enhancing locomotory activity could accelerate the axonal growth underlying the significant recovery of function after a complete spinal transection in the eel, Anguilla. Eels with low spinal transections (at about 60% body length) were kept in holding tanks, where they were inactive, or made to swim continually ...
Quail A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: During exercise and recovery the transient and steady-state changes in autonomic activity regulating lower airway blood flow and dimensions are unknown. The aim of this study was to define changes in bronchial blood flow (Q(br)) and dimensions during moderate and strenuous exercise, and to analyse the role of vagal ...
Fukuba Yoshiyuki - - 2007
We investigated the effect of occluding of femoral blood flow on the post-exercise ventilatory response of both the sub- and supra-anaerobic threshold (AT) leg cycling in humans. Seven healthy subjects (aged 21-44 years) volunteered to participate in this study. The protocol consisted of 6 min constant-load upright cycling at either ...
Huang Y-Z - - 2006
Dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) causes dystonia-parkinsonism, which is abolished by levodopa. The authors assessed short intracortical inhibition and facilitation, silent period, blink reflex recovery cycle, and reciprocal inhibition in seven patients with DRD on and off treatment. Short intracortical inhibition and blink reflex recovery cycle were reduced, but increased with treatment. ...
Meine Trip J - - 2006
Ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) during exercise have long been believed to be harbingers of increased mortality. A recent study has shown that VPCs during the recovery phase of a treadmill exercise test are more predictive of mortality than VPCs that develop during exercise. However, no study to date has examined ...
Sbriccoli Paola - - 2007
Low back disorders are prominent among the work force engaged in static anterior flexion during the workday. As a continuing part of a long-term research aimed to identify the biomechanical and physiological processes and corresponding risk factors leading to such cumulative trauma disorder (CTD), we ventured to assess the effect ...
Jürimäe J - - 2006
The purpose of the investigation was to study plasma adiponectin response to a single exercise session in male rowers. Eight college level, single scull rowers (VO2max: 5.01+/-0.43 l.min-1; age: 21.5+/-4.5 yrs; height: 184.9+/-5.0 cm; body mass: 78.5+/-8.4 kg; body fat: 11.8+/-1.2%) participated in this study. Venous blood samples were obtained ...
Sbarra David A - - 2006
Event onset modeling was used to investigate the time course of breakup-related affective processes. Daily emotion data were collected for 4 weeks from 58 young adults who recently experienced the dissolution of a serious romantic relationship. Using baseline data obtained from individuals in intact dating relationships, sadness and anger recovery ...
Gill N D - - 2006
To examine the effectiveness of four interventions on the rate and magnitude of muscle damage recovery, as measured by creatine kinase (CK). 23 elite male rugby players were monitored transdermally before, immediately after, 36 hours after, and 84 hours after competitive rugby matches. Players were randomly assigned to complete one ...
Castro Renata R T - - 2006
Following a randomized, cross-over, and double-blind design, 14 patients with coronary heart disease were submitted, to maximal cardiopulmonary exercise tests on a treadmill, 2 h after the oral administration of either placebo or pyridostigmine bromide (45 mg), a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor. One observer, who was blind to the experimental condition, ...
Giacomoni M - - 2006
The effect of the time of day on repeated cycle sprint performance and short-term recovery patterns was investigated in 12 active male subjects (23+/-2 years, 76.4+/-4.2 kg, 1.80+/-0.06 m, 9.5+/-4.5 h . week (-1) of physical activity). Subjects performed ten 6-s maximal sprints inter-spaced by 30 s rest in the ...
Siegler J C - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to profile the effect of active versus passive recovery on acid-base kinetics during multiple bouts of intense exercise. Ten males completed two exercise trials. The trials consisted of three exercise bouts to exhaustion with either a 12 min active (20% workload max) or passive ...
Feldner Matthew T - - 2006
Anxiety-related responding to, and recovery from, a 5-min 10% carbon dioxide-enriched air presentation among 80 participants with no history of psychopathology was examined. Half of participants were instructed to suppress challenge-induced emotional responses, whereas their matched counterparts were instructed to observe such responses. Responding from immediately post-challenge through a 10-min ...
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