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Results 201 - 250 of 676
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Buckley Thomas - - 2007
Respiratory infections, recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) and exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) are major causes of poor performance in horses. Fungi and mycotoxins are now recognised as a major cause of these conditions. The most notable fungi are Aspergillus and Fusarium. Fungal spores can originate from forage, bedding and feed ...
Nakahara H - - 2006
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exhaustive exercise on the time course of arterial blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) during upright resting (inactive) and loadless pedaling (active) recovery from a bicycle exercise to exhaustion. METHODS: The subjects were 11 healthy normotensive males. ...
Suski Cory D - - 2007
This study was intended to discover whether forcing largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) to swim at 0.5 body lengths/second following exercise would expedite recovery relative to fish recovered in static water. Exercise resulted in a suite of physiological disturbances for largemouth bass that included a depletion of anaerobic energy stores, an ...
Morton R Hugh - - 2007
The benefits of rapid recovery after intense exercise are widely recognised, and lactate elimination is one indicator of recovery rate. This study examined the effect of contrast (alternating hot and cold) water immersion (CWI) on the rate of plasma lactate decrease during recovery after intense anaerobic exercise. Eleven subjects on ...
Lee-Jenkins S S Y - - 2007
This study investigated the recovery of locomotory activity in exhausted juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, approximately 6-10-cm fork length) in response to two conditions: (1) direct transfer to a range of velocities (0-15 cm s(-1)) in a swim flume (forced swimming) and (2) direct transfer to a pool downstream of ...
Thevenet Delphine - - 2007
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of recovery mode (active/passive) on time spent at high percentage of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) i.e. above 90% of VO2max (t90VO2max) and above 95% of VO2max (t95VO2max) during a single short intermittent session. Eight endurance-trained male adolescents (15.9 +/- 1.4 ...
Jones Eric J - - 2006
McLester et al. (2003) proposed a practical protocol to determine optimal recovery times between resistance training workouts. For this protocol to be useful, it must be stable. The purpose of this study was to investigate the stability of that protocol. College-aged resistance trained men (n = 10) performed 3 sets ...
Ogoh Shigehiko - - 2007
We sought to examine the regulation of cerebral blood flow during 10 min of recovery from mild, moderate, and heavy cycling exercise by measuring middle cerebral artery blood velocity (MCA V). Transfer function analyses between changes in arterial blood pressure and MCA V were used to assess the frequency components ...
Rojas Vega Sandra - - 2006
The effect of short-term aerobic exercise and a following ramp incremental cycle ergometry to exhaustion on the acute response of the serum concentrations of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and cortisol (COR) was examined in 8 healthy male athletes. Venous and capillary blood samples were drawn at rest, immediately after ...
Kenny Glen P - - 2006
We examined the effect of two levels of exercise-induced hypotension on esophageal (Tes) and active and nonactive muscle temperatures during and following exercise. Seven males performed an incremental isotonic test on a Kin-Com isokinetic apparatus to determine their peak oxygen consumption during bilateral knee extensions (VO2sp). This was followed on ...
Wilcock Ian M - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the effect that postexercise immersion in water has on subsequent exercise performance. METHODS: A literary search and review of water-immersion and performance studies was conducted. RESULTS: Seven articles were examined. In 2, significant benefits to performance were observed. Those 2 articles revealed a small to large effect ...
Dahl S - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: A retrospective study concerning spontaneous active recovery intensity, i.e. at a freely chosen speed, after a submaximal exercise in trotters showed that the mean intensity demanded by trainers corresponds to 40-50% of maximal heart rate (max HR; unpublished data). However, in human athletes, optimal active recovery ...
Spencer Matt - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare active versus passive recovery on performance and metabolism during a test of repeated-sprint ability. METHODS: Nine males performed four repeated-sprint cycle tests (six 4-s sprints, every 25 s) in a randomized, counterbalanced order: two tests with active recovery (approximately 32% VO2max) and two with passive recovery. Muscle ...
Auriat Angela M - - 2006
Exercise can improve recovery following ischemia and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in rodents. We tested whether forced exercise (EX; running wheel) prior to and/or following ICH in rats would reduce lesion volume and improve functional outcome (walking, skilled reaching, spontaneous paw usage) at 7 weeks post-ICH. A striatal hemorrhage was produced ...
Bevilacqua Stanislao - - 2006
1. Understanding whether Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) can be considered as a suitable tool for restoring the structure and function of populations and assemblages is urgently needed to achieve an effective policy of mitigation of human impact in coastal management. However, to date, the role played by MPAs in enhancing ...
Walther Guillaume - - 2006
PURPOSE: To use Doppler ultrasound 1) to assess the relationship between exercise intensity and changes in femoral and axillary artery diameter, 2) to determine whether volume blood flow (BF) measured during early recovery accurately reflects exercise BF, and 3) to assess the influence of artery caliber and/or site as well ...
Deschenes Michael R - - 2006
PURPOSE: This investigation was conducted to compare the physiological responses of men and women, both during and following an exercise bout at the same relative submaximal intensity. METHODS: Ten untrained men (20.7+/-0.5 yr, 178.4+/-2.3 cm, 79.6+/-4.8 kg; mean+/-SE) and 10 untrained women (20.3+/-0.3 yr, 163.8+/-2.2 cm, 59.5+/-2.1 kg) cycled for ...
Raj T - - 2006
Measurement of rates of in vivo substrate oxidation such as that of glucose, fatty acids and amino acids, are based on tracer (14C or 13C) data, and often depend on the isotopic content of expired CO2. The recovery of tracer-labelled CO 2 generated from the oxidation of 13C labelled substrates ...
Walsh Michael L - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine whether volitional hyperventilation at 20 L x min(-1) above normal exercise values affected exercise duration while performing ramp exercise to exhaustion. Nine healthy subjects performed a ramp exercise test to exhaustion. On a subsequent test they hyperventilated, with the aid of visual ...
Shin Hyun-Chool - - 2006
In this paper, we provide a quantitative electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis to study the effect of hypothermia on the neurological recovery of brain after cardiac arrest. We hypothesize that the brain injury results in a reduction in information of the brain rhythm. To measure the information content of the EEG a ...
McInnis Natalie H - - 2006
The following study examined the effect of 15 degrees head-down tilt (HDT) on postexercise heat loss and hemodynamic responses. We tested the hypothesis that recovery from dynamic exercise in the HDT position would attenuate the reduction in the heat loss responses of cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) and sweating relative to ...
Doyle L M F - - 2006
We investigated whether enhancing locomotory activity could accelerate the axonal growth underlying the significant recovery of function after a complete spinal transection in the eel, Anguilla. Eels with low spinal transections (at about 60% body length) were kept in holding tanks, where they were inactive, or made to swim continually ...
Quail A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: During exercise and recovery the transient and steady-state changes in autonomic activity regulating lower airway blood flow and dimensions are unknown. The aim of this study was to define changes in bronchial blood flow (Q(br)) and dimensions during moderate and strenuous exercise, and to analyse the role of vagal ...
Fukuba Yoshiyuki - - 2007
We investigated the effect of occluding of femoral blood flow on the post-exercise ventilatory response of both the sub- and supra-anaerobic threshold (AT) leg cycling in humans. Seven healthy subjects (aged 21-44 years) volunteered to participate in this study. The protocol consisted of 6 min constant-load upright cycling at either ...
Huang Y-Z - - 2006
Dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) causes dystonia-parkinsonism, which is abolished by levodopa. The authors assessed short intracortical inhibition and facilitation, silent period, blink reflex recovery cycle, and reciprocal inhibition in seven patients with DRD on and off treatment. Short intracortical inhibition and blink reflex recovery cycle were reduced, but increased with treatment. ...
Meine Trip J - - 2006
Ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) during exercise have long been believed to be harbingers of increased mortality. A recent study has shown that VPCs during the recovery phase of a treadmill exercise test are more predictive of mortality than VPCs that develop during exercise. However, no study to date has examined ...
Sbriccoli Paola - - 2007
Low back disorders are prominent among the work force engaged in static anterior flexion during the workday. As a continuing part of a long-term research aimed to identify the biomechanical and physiological processes and corresponding risk factors leading to such cumulative trauma disorder (CTD), we ventured to assess the effect ...
Jürimäe J - - 2006
The purpose of the investigation was to study plasma adiponectin response to a single exercise session in male rowers. Eight college level, single scull rowers (VO2max: 5.01+/-0.43 l.min-1; age: 21.5+/-4.5 yrs; height: 184.9+/-5.0 cm; body mass: 78.5+/-8.4 kg; body fat: 11.8+/-1.2%) participated in this study. Venous blood samples were obtained ...
Sbarra David A - - 2006
Event onset modeling was used to investigate the time course of breakup-related affective processes. Daily emotion data were collected for 4 weeks from 58 young adults who recently experienced the dissolution of a serious romantic relationship. Using baseline data obtained from individuals in intact dating relationships, sadness and anger recovery ...
Gill N D - - 2006
To examine the effectiveness of four interventions on the rate and magnitude of muscle damage recovery, as measured by creatine kinase (CK). 23 elite male rugby players were monitored transdermally before, immediately after, 36 hours after, and 84 hours after competitive rugby matches. Players were randomly assigned to complete one ...
Castro Renata R T - - 2006
Following a randomized, cross-over, and double-blind design, 14 patients with coronary heart disease were submitted, to maximal cardiopulmonary exercise tests on a treadmill, 2 h after the oral administration of either placebo or pyridostigmine bromide (45 mg), a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor. One observer, who was blind to the experimental condition, ...
Giacomoni M - - 2006
The effect of the time of day on repeated cycle sprint performance and short-term recovery patterns was investigated in 12 active male subjects (23+/-2 years, 76.4+/-4.2 kg, 1.80+/-0.06 m, 9.5+/-4.5 h . week (-1) of physical activity). Subjects performed ten 6-s maximal sprints inter-spaced by 30 s rest in the ...
Siegler J C - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to profile the effect of active versus passive recovery on acid-base kinetics during multiple bouts of intense exercise. Ten males completed two exercise trials. The trials consisted of three exercise bouts to exhaustion with either a 12 min active (20% workload max) or passive ...
Feldner Matthew T - - 2006
Anxiety-related responding to, and recovery from, a 5-min 10% carbon dioxide-enriched air presentation among 80 participants with no history of psychopathology was examined. Half of participants were instructed to suppress challenge-induced emotional responses, whereas their matched counterparts were instructed to observe such responses. Responding from immediately post-challenge through a 10-min ...
Hartzler L K - - 2006
The metabolic acidosis resulting from an intense exercise bout is large in crocodilians. Here we studied recovery from this pH perturbation in the American alligator. Metabolic rate, minute ventilation, arterial pH and gases, and strong ion concentration were measured for 10 h after exhaustion to elucidate the mechanisms and time ...
Mourtzakis Marina - - 2006
During prolonged exercise, carbohydrate oxidation may result from decreased pyruvate production and increased fatty acid supply and ultimately lead to reduced pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) activity. Pyruvate also interacts with the amino acids alanine, glutamine, and glutamate, whereby the decline in pyruvate production could affect tricarboxycylic acid cycle flux as well ...
Goldberger Jeffrey J - - 2006
The objective of this study was to evaluate whether heart rate variability (HRV) can be used as an index of parasympathetic reactivation after exercise. Heart rate recovery after exercise has recently been shown to have prognostic significance and has been postulated to be related to abnormal recovery of parasympathetic tone. ...
Wilcock Ian M - - 2006
Recovery from exercise can be an important factor in performance during repeated bouts of exercise. In a tournament situation, where athletes may compete numerous times over a few days, enhancing recovery may provide a competitive advantage. One method that is gaining popularity as a means to enhance post-game or post-training ...
Hon-Nami Koyu - - 2006
A unicellular marine green alga, Chlamydomonas perigranulata, was demonstrated to synthesize starch through photosynthesis, store it in a cell, and ferment it under anaerobic conditions in the dark to produce ethanol, 2,3-butanediol (butanediol), acetic acid, and carbon dioxide (CO2). Previous fermentation data of an algal biomass cultivated outdoors in a ...
Barnett Anthony - - 2006
Achieving an appropriate balance between training and competition stresses and recovery is important in maximising the performance of athletes. A wide range of recovery modalities are now used as integral parts of the training programmes of elite athletes to help attain this balance. This review examined the evidence available as ...
Lo Hsin-I - - 2005
We investigated the effects of chicken essence (CE) supplementation on exercise-induced changes of lactate and ammonia during recovery. In this randomized, double blind, crossover study, twelve healthy subjects performed a single bout of exercise to exhaustion, and then consumed either a placebo or CE within 5-min of the exercise cessation. ...
Gmada N - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of different modalities of individualized active recovery on blood lactate disappearance after supramaximal exercise in subjects with different levels of aerobic fitness. Fourteen healthy subjects (7 trained and 7 untrained subjects mean age 20 +/- 1.5 and 19.5 +/- 1.5, ...
Powell Mark D - - 2005
Routine and post-exercise metabolic rates were measured for juvenile rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis infected with the microsporidium gill parasite Loma salmonae under laboratory conditions. Rainbow trout increased routine and post-exercise metabolic rate in response to infection compared with controls. Brook trout, on the other hand, ...
Hou R H - - 2006
RATIONALE: Patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease (AD) may show increased sensitivity to tropicamide, a muscarinic cholinoceptor antagonist. AD is associated with a severe loss of noradrenergic neurones in the locus coeruleus (LC), which can be "switched off" experimentally by the alpha(2)-adrenoceptor agonist clonidine. The possibility arises that increased pupillary sensitivity ...
Monson Russell K - - 2005
The transition between wintertime net carbon loss and springtime net carbon assimilation has an important role in controlling the annual rate of carbon uptake in coniferous forest ecosystems. We studied the contributions of springtime carbon assimilation to the total annual rate of carbon uptake and the processes involved in the ...
Linnarsson D - - 2006
Orthostatic intolerance is common after space flight and head-down tilt (HDT) bed rest. We hypothesized that HDT-induced impairments of arterial blood pressure (AP) control would be more marked during exercise and that recovery of baroreflex function after very long-term HDT would be delayed. Six subjects were studied before (BDC) during ...
Cafer Cilek Emin - - 2005
Flotation is one of the plausible methods for recovering borax fines discharged as fine waste to the tailings dam in the Kirka borax processing plant. A literature review dealing with the flotation behavior of boron minerals reveals that clay minerals in the boron ores coat boron minerals and thus deteriorate ...
Pilegaard Henriette - - 2005
In skeletal muscle of humans, transcription of several metabolic genes is transiently induced during recovery from exercise when no food is consumed. To determine the potential influence of substrate availability on the transcriptional regulation of metabolic genes during recovery from exercise, 9 male subjects (aged 22-27) completed 75 minutes of ...
Journeay W Shane - - 2005
The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of 1) active (loadless pedaling), 2) passive (assisted pedaling), and 3) inactive (motionless) recovery modes on mean arterial pressure (MAP), cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC), and sweat rate during recovery after 15 min of dynamic exercise in women. It was hypothesized ...
Motamed C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Post-tetanic count is a valuable method to assess profound neuromuscular blockade. However, subsequent responses to repetitive stimulation might be altered due to post tetanic facilitation (PTF). To avoid PTF, it has been advocated to limit the interval of stimulation from 6 to 10 min. The impact of PTF on ...
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