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White Dominic J - - 2010
Limited research has been performed on competitive bouldering. The aim of this study was to quantify the movement dynamics of elite boulder climbers. Six climbers were filmed during a national competition consisting of 5 novel climbing problems or routes. Two problems were randomly selected and film footage was analyzed using ...
Al Haddad Hani - - 2010
This study aimed to investigate the effect of cold and thermoneutral water immersion on post-exercise parasympathetic reactivation, inferred from heart rate (HR) recovery (HRR) and HR variability (HRV) indices. Twelve men performed, on three separate occasions, an intermittent exercise bout (all-out 30-s Wingate test, 5 min seated recovery, followed by ...
Perrey Stéphane - - 2010
This study aimed to reveal the neural and muscular adjustments following a repeated-sprint (RS) running exercise. Sixteen subjects performed a series of neuromuscular tests before, immediately after and 30 min (passive recovery) post-RS exercise (12 x 40 m sprints interspaced by 30 s of passive recovery). Sprint times significantly lengthened ...
Mendonca Goncalo V - - 2010
The main purpose of this study was to evaluate heart rate recovery (HRR) in patients with the Down syndrome (DS) after peak dynamic exercise and compare their responses to those of nondisabled subjects of similar age, gender, and body mass index. Eighteen participants with the DS (14 men, 4 women; ...
Chattha Ishvinder S - - 2010
Exercise testing has shown modest utility in the ability to diagnose and genotype long QT syndrome (LQTS). Although numerous small studies have shown a genotype-specific repolarization response to exercise, the repolarization responses during recovery from exercise have received less focus. The purpose of this study was to characterize genotype-specific QT ...
Gingerich Andrew James - - 2010
The influence of feeding on swimming performance and exercise recovery in fish is poorly understood. Examining swimming behavior and physiological status following periods of feeding and fasting is important because wild fish often face periods of starvation. In the current study, researchers force fed and fasted groups of largemouth bass ...
Cortis C - - 2010
At present, there is no consensus on the effectiveness of post-exercise recovery interventions on subsequent daily performances. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of 20 min low-intensity water exercises, supine electrostimulation, and passive (sitting rest) recovery modalities on physiological (oxygen consumption, blood lactate concentration, and percentage ...
Li Ke-Gui - - 2010
Feeding and exhaustive exercise are known to elevate metabolism. However, acid-base status may be oppositely affected by the two processes. In this study, we first investigated the acid-base response of Chinese catfish to feeding (the meal size was about 8% of body mass) to test whether an alkaline tide (a ...
Ferguson C - - 2010
The physiological equivalents of the curvature constant (W') of the high-intensity power-duration (P-t(LIM)) relationship are poorly understood, although they are presumed to reach maxima/minima at exhaustion. In an attempt to improve our understanding of the determinants of W', we therefore aimed to determine its recovery kinetics following exhaustive exercise (which ...
Savitha D - - 2010
The role of music in increasing the exercise performance is well recognised. There is very little information about effect of music on time taken for post exercise recovery. We examined the effect of music and different musical tempo on post exercise recovery time, following treadmill work. 30 volunteers (15 male, ...
Hayashi Naoyuki - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that pupil diameter, which is innervated by the autonomic nervous system, increases with exercise intensity, we determined pupil diameter during incremental exercise in eight healthy subjects. The subjects performed an incremental ergometer exercise in a room illuminated at 90-100 lx. We continuously measured pupil diameter and ...
Ahmadizad Sajad - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of time of day on responses of the main determinants of blood rheology to acute endurance exercise. Ten healthy male subjects (age, 26.9 +/- 5.5 yr) performed two bouts of running at 65% of VO2peak for 45 min on a ...
Nanas Serafim - - 2010
Patients who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have a decreased exercise capacity and abnormal autonomic nervous function. However, the kinetics of early oxygen (O2) and heart rate recovery (HRR) have not been described. We evaluated 21 men with moderate to severe OSA (mean age: 48 +/- 11 yrs, mean ...
Wang John - - 2010
The present study examined whether transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in combination with exercise would have synergistic effects leading to functional recovery that is greater than exercise alone. Sprague-Dawley rats received a sciatic nerve transection and were divided into four groups: denervated (control), denervated + exercise (control+Ex), denervated + ...
Ho Jen-Yu - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Carnipure tartrate (Lonza, Allendale, NJ) supplementation (total dose of 2 g/d of l-carnitine) on markers of performance and recovery from physical exertion in middle-aged men and women. Normally active and healthy men (n = 9, 45.4 +/- 5.3 years ...
Kadoya Manabu - - 2010
It is necessary to try to achieve quick recovery from work strain by setting adequate breaks and shortening continuous working hours to prevent the accumulation of fatigue. However, there has been no research investigating the influence of the timing and lengths of breaks on individual aerobic capacities in recovery from ...
de Tarso Veras Farinatti Paulo - - 2009
This study investigated the effects of body posture on systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR) after a session of resistance exercises. Twelve normotensive men were randomly assigned to either a control group (CG) or exercise group (EG). The EG performed 4 ...
Saunders Michael - - 2009
Practice Pearl: This study demonstrates the importance of protein/amino acids for recovery in endurance athletes. Original Article: Skillen RA, Testa M, Applegate EA, Heiden EA, Fascetti AJ, Casazza GA. Effects of an amino acid-carbohydrate drink on exercise performance after consecutive-day exercise bouts. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2008;18(5):473-492.
Pritchett Kelly - - 2009
To maximize training quality, athletes have sought nutritional supplements that optimize recovery. This study compared chocolate milk (CHOC) with a carbohydrate replacement beverage (CRB) as a recovery aid after intense exercise, regarding performance and muscle damage markers in trained cyclists. Ten regional-level cyclists and triathletes (maximal oxygen uptake 55.2 +/- ...
Lum D - - 2010
The effects of a swimming-based recovery session implemented 10 h post high intensity interval running on subsequent run performance the next day was investigated. Nine well trained triathletes performed two high intensity interval running sessions (HIIS) (8x3 min at 85-90% VO(2peak) velocity), followed 10 h later by either a swim ...
Deschenes Michael R - - 2009
Previously, we have examined how aging affects the physiological responses of men to endurance exercise. In the present investigation, we aimed to extend our assessment of the influence of aging on exercise-induced responses by focusing on women. Ten young (20.3 +/- 0.3 years; mean +/- SE) and 10 aged (75.5 ...
Del Coso Juan - - 2010
To determine which active-recovery protocol would reduce faster the high blood H(+) and lactate concentrations produced by repeated bouts of high-intensity exercise (HIE). On three occasions, 11 moderately trained males performed 4 bouts (1.5 min) at 163% of their respiratory compensation threshold (RCT) interspersed with active-recovery: (1) 4.5 min pedalling ...
Buchheit Martin - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of passive in- (IN) versus out-of-(OUT) water recovery on performance during repeated maximal sprint swimming. Nine well-trained male swimmers (21 +/- 3.5 years) performed six repeated maximal 50-m sprints (RS), departing every 2 min, interspersed with either IN or OUT ...
Bailey Stephen J - - 2009
It has been suggested that a prior bout of high-intensity exercise has the potential to enhance performance during subsequent high-intensity exercise by accelerating the O(2) uptake (Vo(2)) on-response. However, the optimal combination of prior exercise intensity and subsequent recovery duration required to elicit this effect is presently unclear. Eight male ...
Bechard Daniel J - - 2009
Total kinetic energy (TKE) was calculated for 28 Canadian national team Olympic rowers during training on water, comparing low-stroke rates (18-22 stroke/min) and high-stroke rates (32-40 stroke/min), using video analysis. Stroke duration was normalized to 100%, beginning and ending at the "catches", with the drive phase occurring first and recovery ...
Cabasson Aline - - 2009
We present a novel analysis tool for time delay estimation in electrocardiographic signal processing. This tool enhances PR interval estimation (index of the atrioventricular conduction time) by limiting the distortion effect of the T wave overlapping the P wave at high heart rates. Our approach consists of modeling the T ...
Tsai Pu-Hsi - - 2009
This study investigated the effects of arginine supplementation on acute metabolic responses during recovery after a single bout of endurance exercise in trained athletes. Twelve healthy male judo athletes were randomly divided into two groups and performed a single bout of exercise at a speed estimated to correspond to 75%VO2max ...
Duffield Rob - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effects of hot conditions on the acute recovery of voluntary and evoked muscle performance and physiological responses following intermittent exercise. METHODS: Seven youth male and six female team-sport athletes performed two sessions separated by 7 d, involving a 30-min exercise protocol and 60-min passive recovery ...
Dimkpa Uchechukwu - - 2009
This study investigated whether age influences blood pressure recovery after maximal exercise in adult males. Forty healthy, non-athletic adult males (20 young, aged 22 +/- 3.46 years and 20 older, aged 48 +/- 6.91 years) participated in the study. Subjects performed a maximal-effort ergometer exercise test. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2max) ...
Faude O - - 2009
This randomized cross-over study aimed at comparing the recovery effect of 4 days of low-intensity, discipline-specific training of 1 vs 3 h daily. Eleven athletes completed two periods of 13 days intensive cycling training (IT), followed by a recovery period consisting of 4 days of low-intensity cycling for either 1 ...
Chiappa Gaspar R - - 2009
We have previously shown that post-exercise inspiratory resistive loading (IRL) reduces blood lactate ([Lac(b)(-)]). In this study, we tested the hypothesis that IRL during recovery could improve subsequent exercise performance. Eight healthy men underwent, on different days, two sequential 30-s, cycle ergometer Wingate tests. During the 10-min recovery period from ...
Krustrup P - - 2009
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the contribution of muscle O(2) consumption (mVO2) to pulmonary O(2) uptake (pVO2) during both low-intensity (LI) and high-intensity (HI) knee-extension exercise, and during subsequent recovery, in humans. Seven healthy male subjects (age 20-25 years) completed a series of LI and HI square-wave ...
Duffield Rob - - 2010
This study compared the effects of compression garments on recovery of evoked and voluntary performance following fatiguing exercise. Eleven participants performed 2 sessions separated by 7 days, with and without lower-body compression garments during and 24h post-exercise. Participants performed a 10-min exercise protocol of a 20-m sprint and 10 plyometric ...
Rakobowchuk Mark - - 2009
Peripheral arterial distensibility is improved with sprint interval exercise training in young healthy participants (Rakobowchuk et al. in Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 295:R236-R242, 2008). To fully understand the mechanisms contributing to these training effects it is useful to examine the acute responses to sprint interval exercise. Following ...
Kocabaş Uğur - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Neurocardiogenic syncope is a common and challenging problem in clinical practice. Heart rate recovery after the first minute of exercise is mainly controlled by the parasympathetic nervous system. The aim of the present study was to evaluate heart rate recovery as an index of parasympathetic tonus for the diagnosis ...
Kaya Ergun Baris - - 2009
Behçet's disease, a multisystemic inflammatory disorder, has been associated with a number of cardiovascular dysfunctions, including ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Heart-rate recovery after exercise can provide both an estimate of impaired parasympathetic tone and a prognosis in regard to all-cause and cardiovascular death. The aim of our study ...
Bombardini Tonino - - 2009
New sensors for intelligent remote monitoring of the heart should be developed. Recently, a cutaneous force-frequency relation recording system has been validated based on heart sound amplitude and timing variations at increasing heart rates. To assess sensor-based post-exercise contractility, diastolic function and pressure in normal and diseased hearts as a ...
Brown Richard A - - 2009
Alcohol use disorders are a major public health concern. Despite the demonstrated efficacy of a number of different treatments for alcohol dependence, relapse remains a major problem. Healthy lifestyle changes may contribute to long-term maintenance of recovery, and interventions targeting physical activity, in particular, may be especially valuable as an ...
Thevenet Delphine - - 2008
In this study, we examined the effects of three recovery intensities on time spent at a high percentage of maximal oxygen uptake (t90[Vdot]O(2max)) during a short intermittent session. Eight endurance-trained male adolescents (16 +/- 1 years) performed four field tests until exhaustion: a graded test to determine maximal oxygen uptake ...
Best Thomas M - - 2008
Sport massage, a manual therapy for muscle and soft tissue pain and weakness, is a popular and widely used modality for recovery after intense exercise. Our objective is to determine the effectiveness of sport massage for improving recovery after strenuous exercise. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL using all current ...
Toubekis Argyris G - - 2008
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of active and passive recovery of various durations after a 100-m swimming test performed at maximal effort. METHODS: Eleven competitive swimmers (5 males, 6 females, age: 17.3 +/- 0.6 y) completed two 100-m tests with a 15-min interval at a maximum swimming effort under three ...
Kenny Glen P - - 2008
Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) and sweat rate are subject to non-thermal baroreflex-mediated attenuation post-exercise. Various recovery modalities have been effective in attenuating these decreases in CVC and sweat rate post-exercise. However, the interaction of recovery posture and preceding exercise intensity on post-exercise thermoregulation remains unresolved. We evaluated the combined effect ...
Rodrigues Lisa J - - 2008
Chlorophyll fluorescence has been used to predict and monitor coral bleaching over short timescales (hours to days), but long-term changes during recovery remain largely unknown. To evaluate changes in fluorescence during long-term bleaching and recovery, Porites compressa and Montipora capitata corals were experimentally bleached in tanks at 30 degrees C ...
Yano T - - 2009
The purpose of the present study was to examine whether excessive CO2 output (VCO2excess) is dominantly attributable to hyperventilation during the period of recovery from repeated cycling sprints. A series of four 10-sec cycling sprints with 30-sec passive recovery periods was performed two times. The first series and second series ...
Yunoki T - - 2009
To determine the relationship between hyperventilation and recovery of blood pH during recovery from a heavy exercise, short-term intense exercise (STIE) tests were performed after human subjects ingested 0.3 g.kg(-1) body mass of either NaHCO3 (Alk) or CaCO3 (Pla). Ventilation (VE)-CO2 output (VCO2) slopes during recovery following STIE were significantly ...
Green Howard J - - 2008
This study investigated the responses in substrate- and energy-based properties to repetitive days of prolonged submaximal exercise and recovery. Twelve untrained volunteers (Vo(2)(peak) = 44.8 +/- 2.0 ml.kg(-1).min(-1), mean +/- SE) cycled ( approximately 60 Vo(2)(peak)) on three consecutive days followed by 3 days of recovery. Tissue samples were extracted ...
Caminiti Giuseppe - - 2009
AIMS: To evaluate whether metabolic syndrome MS has a gender dependent effect on the recovery of functional capacity in patients (pts) with coronary heart disease (CHD) undergoing a cardiac rehabilitation program. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 286 CHD patients, age 66.2+/-10.6 (median+/-SD); M/F 187/99. Patients were divided into two groups ...
Maruyama Yuji - - 2008
Cardiac surgery patients now tend to be sicker with more severe disease; consequently, improved protection is important. We compared St Thomas' Hospital solution (STH2: hyperkalaemia and hypermagnesaemia) to a hypermagnesaemia-alone cardioplegia (RS-C) based on a novel non-phosphate buffered crystalloid solution (AqixRS-I). Isolated Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were used (function measured). Initial ...
Peiffer J J - - 2010
This study examined the effect of a 5-min cold-water immersion (14 degrees C) recovery intervention on repeated cycling performance in the heat. 10 male cyclists performed two bouts of a 25-min constant-paced (254 (22) W) cycling session followed by a 4-km time trial in hot conditions (35 degrees C, 40% ...
Gómez Hernando - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: We assessed tissue O(2) saturation (StO(2)) and total hemoglobin (HbT) changes during a vascular occlusion test (VOT) as markers of O(2) consumption and cardiovascular reserve. METHODS: Using the non-invasive InSpectra near infrared spectrometer, we studied the effect of VOT to StO(2) < 40% then release on thenar eminence StO(2) ...
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