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Saunders Lee L LL College of Health Professions, Medical University of South Carolina , Charleston, South - - 2013
With medical and rehabilitation advances, many people are able to regain or maintain ambulation after spinal cord injury (SCI). However, those who are ambulatory may be at increased risk for falls. To assess the relationships between walking devices and behaviors, including alcohol use, prescription medication use, and exercise, with falls ...
Hung Olivia Y - - 2013
BACKGROUND The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC VII) recommended lifestyle interventions, either with or without pharmacologic treatment, for all patients with high blood pressure. The objective of this study is to determine the association of physicians' personal ...
Finelli Carmine - - 2012
The purpose of this review was to highlight, in relation to the currently accepted pathophysiology of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the known exercise habits of patients with NAFLD and to detail the benefits of lifestyle modification with exercise (and/or physical activity) on parameters of metabolic syndrome. More rigorous, controlled ...
Tomás Maria Teresa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is nowadays the only effective answer to adjourn the outcome of functional limitations associated with familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP), a neurodegenerative disease characterized by sensory and motor polyneuropathies. Nevertheless, there is a detrimental impact associated with the after-surgery period on the fragile physical condition of these patients. ...
Jones Andrew - - 2012
Training social drinkers to exercise motor inhibitory control leads to a reduction in alcohol consumption. However, it is unclear if participants should attempt to exercise inhibitory control in the presence of alcohol-related cues or if nonspecific inhibition training is equally effective. It is also unclear if comparable effects can be ...
Lemyze Malcolm - - 2012
End-stage liver cirrhosis is a systemic disease carrying a short-term desperate prognosis without liver transplantation. Given the discrepancy between the growing number of candidates and the limited available liver grafts, the pre-transplantation screening process has become a challenging task. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing, by measuring maximal oxygen consumption at peak exercise, ...
Sylvia Louisa G LG Bipolar Clinic and Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, 50 Staniford St, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2013
Despite evidence that exercise is beneficial for serious mental illness, it continues to be an under utilized adjunct treatment strategy. Thus, the aims of this study were to examine if self-selected or volunteer exercise programs are feasible in a structured outpatient program and who might choose to participate in such ...
Ascensão A - - 2012
Mitochondrial function is modulated by multiple approaches including physical activity, which can afford cross-tolerance against a variety of insults. We therefore aimed to analyze the effects of endurance-training (ET) and chronic-intermittent hypobaric-hypoxia (IHH) on liver mitochondrial bioenergetics and whether these effects translate into benefits against in vitro salicylate mitochondrial toxicity. ...
Paralikar Swapnil J - - 2012
High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a noncardiogenic pulmonary edema which typically occurs in lowlanders who ascend rapidly to altitudes greater than 2500-3000 m. Early symptoms of HAPE include a nonproductive cough, dyspnoea on exertion and reduced exercise performance. Later, dyspnoea occurs at rest. Clinical features are cyanosis, tachycardia, tachypnoea ...
Jakovljevic Djordje G DG Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, U.K. - - 2012
Cardiac power output is a direct measure of overall cardiac function that integrates both flow- and pressure-generating capacities of the heart. The present study assessed the reproducibility of cardiac power output and other more commonly reported cardiopulmonary exercise variables in patients with chronic heart failure. Metabolic, ventilatory and non-invasive (inert ...
Jakovljevic Djordje G DG MoveLab-Physical Activity and Exercise Research, MRC Centre for Brain Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2012
Bioreactance is a novel non-invasive method for cardiac output measurement that involves the analysis of blood flow-dependent changes in the phase shifts of electrical currents applied across the chest. The present study (1) compared resting and exercise cardiac outputs determined by bioreactance and bioimpedance methods and those estimated from measured ...
Bae Ji Cheol - - 2012
We evaluated the association of regular physical exercise with the presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and liver enzymes in relation to obesity and insulin resistance. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in 72,359 healthy Korean adults without diabetes who participated in a comprehensive health check-up. Subjects who have been ...
Kline Christopher E - - 2012
To explore the utility of exercise training for improving daytime functioning in adults with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Forty-three sedentary and overweight/obese adults aged 18-55 years with at least moderate-severity untreated OSA (apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 15) were randomized to 12 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise training (n = ...
La Gerche André - - 2011
Training induces changes in cardiac structure and function which improves cardiac output (CO) and oxygen delivery during exercise. It is unclear whether it is cardiac structure or function which is of greatest importance in determining maximal oxygen consumption (VO(2max)). In 55 subjects (15 non-athletes, 32 amateur and 8 elite athletes), ...
Richters L - - 2011
A reduced expression of the manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase (SOD2) is characterized by increased cardiac oxidative stress. Oxidative stress has also been described in situations of physical exercise. We investigated the influence of physical exercise (EX; treadmill 1 h/day at 15 m/min, 5 days/wk, at an angle of 5° for a ...
Kang Suk Yun - - 2011
ABSTRACT Cardiac involvement, such as conduction defects, is common in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), but congestive heart failure (CHF) is rare in young patients. A 21-year-old recruit was admitted in the department of cardiology with acute CHF after daily physical exercise for about one week in the boot camp. ...
Blumenthal James A - - 2011
Exercise, considered a mainstay of cardiac rehabilitation, has been shown to reduce cardiac risk factors such as hyperlipidemia and hypertension. Growing evidence also suggests that exercise has beneficial effects on mental health, which is relevant for cardiac patients because of the prognostic significance of depression in patients with coronary heart ...
Rowland Thomas - - 2011
This study was designed to examine time-of-day effects on markers of cardiac functional capacity during a standard progressive cycle exercise test. Fourteen healthy, untrained young males (mean ± SD: 17.9 ± 0.7 yrs of age) performed identical maximal cycle tests in the morning (08:00-11:00 h) and late afternoon (16:00-19:00 h) in random order. Cardiac variables were ...
de Macedo Rafael Michel - - 2011
Cardiac rehabilitation protocols applied during the in-hospital phase (phase I) are subjective and their results are contested when evaluated considering what should be the three basic principles of exercise prescription: specificity, overload and reversibility. In this review, we focus on the problems associated with the models of exercise prescription applied at ...
Lesbo Maj - - 2011
Patients with pectus excavatum complain about fatigue, tachypnea, discomfort and dyspnea, but the existence of an equivalent underlying pathophysiology has been questioned. We investigated 75 teenagers (49 pectus excavatum patients and 26 age matched controls) at rest and during bicycle exercise at submaximal exercise levels. At rest cardiac function was ...
Eijsvogels T M H - - 2011
Exercise training represents a successful and powerful strategy to prevent future cardiovascular disease. Paradoxically, performance of exercise is also associated with an increased risk of acute cardiac events. Accordingly, patients may present to hospital with cardiac symptoms following a bout of unaccustomed physical effort (e.g. exercise). Current guidelines for the ...
Thompson Paul D - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease may be responsible for a quarter of diving fatalities, but there are few studies on the cardiovascular complications of this activity. In contrast, there is a rich literature on land-based, exercise-related cardiac events. These studies document that exercise can increase the risk of acute cardiac events, but that ...
Mielenz Thelma J - - 2011
Benefits of physical activity for those with arthritis are clear, yet physical activity is difficult to initiate and maintain. Self-efficacy is a key modifiable psychosocial determinant of physical activity. This study examined two scales for self-efficacy for exercise behavior (SEEB) to identify their strengths and weaknesses using item response theory ...
Braverman Debra L - - 2011
Cardiac rehabilitation is increasingly recognized as an essential part of the continuum of care for patients with cardiovascular disease. The discipline has evolved over the last 15 yrs to reflect the importance of targeted initiatives in the management of cardiovascular risk factors. Changes in program scope have broadened to shift ...
Ascensão António - - 2011
One of the mostly used chemotherapeutic drugs is the highly effective anthracycline Doxorubicin. However, its clinical use is limited by the dose-related and cumulative cardiotoxicity and consequent dysfunction. It has been proposed that the etiology of this toxicity is related to mitochondrial dysfunction. The present review aimed to analyze the ...
DE Pauw Kevin - - 2011
: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of five different recovery strategies on repeated simulated time trial (TT) performance on a stationary cycle ergometer. : Study 1 (n = 8, male, club-level trained; V˙O2max: 56.9 ± 3.8 mL·min·kg) investigated the influence of passive rest with or ...
Laurent C Matthew - - 2011
Laurent, CM, Green, JM, Bishop, PA, Sjökvist, J, Schumacker, RE, Richardson, MT, and Curtner-Smith, M. A practical approach to monitoring recovery: development of a perceived recovery status scale. J Strength Cond Res 25(3): 620-628, 2011-The aim of this study was to develop and test the practical utility of a perceived ...
Laing Susan T - - 2011
One hypothesis by which exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) reduces mortality and cardiac events in patients with coronary artery disease invokes a beneficial effect of exercise on autonomic modulation. This study aimed to evaluate the autonomic effects of CR in patients with coronary artery disease. Participants referred to phase 2 CR ...
Myers Jonathan N - - 2011
To examine the association between cardiac performance during recovery and the severity of heart failure, as determined by clinical and cardiopulmonary exercise test responses. As part of a retrospective cohort study, 46 heart failure patients and 13 normal subjects underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing while cardiac output was measured using a ...
Glaister Mark - - 2010
The aims of the present study were to investigate the process of self-selected recovery in a multiple sprint test with a view to using self-selected recovery time as a means of reliably quantifying an individual's ability to resist fatigue in this type of exercise. Twenty physically active exercise science students ...
Yamanaka Ryo - - 2011
To determine whether post-exercise ventilation is related to decrease in blood pH and also whether post-exercise ventilation, associated or not with decreased blood pH, involves an increase in central motor command during exercise, we examined the effects of NaHCO(3) ingestion on the ventilatory response ([Formula: see text]E), integrated electromyogram (iEMG) ...
Green H J - - 2011
A single session of prolonged work was employed to investigate changes in selected metabolic, transporter and enzymatic properties in muscle. Ten active but untrained volunteers (weight = 73.9 ± 4.2 kg) with a peak aerobic power [Formula: see text] of 2.95 ± 0.27 l min(-1), cycled for 2 h at 62 ± 1.3% [Formula: see text] Tissue extraction from the vastus lateralis ...
Mainenti M R M - - 2010
Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) patients present cardiopulmonary, vascular and muscle dysfunction, but there is no consensus about the benefits of levothyroxine (L-T₄) intervention on cardiopulmonary performance during exercise. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of L-T₄ on cardiopulmonary exercise reserve and recovery in SH patients. Twenty-three ...
Donaldson M R - - 2010
The responses of free-swimming adult coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) to simulated predator and fisheries encounters were assessed by monitoring heart rate (f(H)) with implanted data loggers and periodically taking caudal blood samples. A 10- or 30-min corralling treatment was conducted to simulate conspecifics being cornered by a predator or corralled ...
Serpiello Fabio R - - 2011
We investigated the acute and chronic responses to multiple sets of repeated-sprint exercise (RSE), focusing on changes in acceleration, intermittent running capacity and physiological responses. Ten healthy young adults (7 males, 3 females) performed an incremental test, a Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level1 (Yo-Yo IR1), and one session of RSE. ...
Orendurff Michael S - - 2010
Soccer is a sport consisting of high-intensity intermittent exercise, with players making forays across their anaerobic threshold for tactical advantage followed by periods of recovery. The intensity and duration of these work and recovery bouts were defined during a men's soccer match using StepWatch Activity Monitors recording step rate for ...
Bruce Stephen J - - 2010
A global metabolic profiling methodology based on gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOFMS) for human plasma was applied to a human exercise study focused on the effects of beverages containing glucose, galactose, or fructose taken after exercise and throughout a recovery period of 6 h and 45 min. ...
Mahé Guillaume - - 2011
Background:  Conditions that may influence heart rate recovery at 1 min of recovery from exercise (HRR1: end-exercise heart rate minus heart rate 1 min after exercise) are not fully understood. We hypothesized that the 'importance' (both local severity and regional diffusion) of peripheral skeletal muscle ischaemia is associated with low HRR1. Design ...
Dogdu Orhan - - 2010
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder resulting in multisystemic inflammatory damage. It is reported that cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are responsible for 20%-30% of deaths in patients with SLE. Heart rate recovery after exercise is a function of vagal reactivation, and its impairment is an independent prognostic indicator for ...
Versey Nathan - - 2011
This study investigated whether contrast water therapy (CWT) has a dose-response effect on recovery from high-intensity cycling. Eleven trained male cyclists completed four trials, each commencing with a 75-min cycling protocol containing six sets of five 15-s sprints and three 5-min time-trials in thermoneutral conditions. Ten minutes post-exercise, participants performed ...
Laurent C M - - 2010
This study investigated the effects of gender on repeated, maximal-intensity intermittent sprint exercise following variable day-to-day recovery periods. Sixteen volunteers (8 men, 8 women) performed four trials of high-intensity intermittent sprint exercise consisting of three bouts of eight 30 m sprints (total of 24 sprints). Following completion of the baseline ...
Woo Minjung - - 2010
The "feel better" effect of exercise has been well established, but the optimal intensity needed to elicit a positive affective response is controversial. In addition, the mechanisms underlying such a response are unclear To clarify these issues, female undergraduate students were monitored for electroencephalographic (EEG) and self-reported affective responses during ...
Fatouros Ioannis G - - 2010
To determine the time-course changes of cell-free plasma DNA (cfDNA) following heavy exercise. cfDNA concentration, C-reactive protein levels (hs-CRP), uric acid concentration (UA), creatine kinase activity (CK) were measured before and post-exercise (immediately post, 0.5h, 1h, 2h, 3h, 4h, 5h, 6h, 8h, 10h, 24h). cfDNA increased (15-fold) 30-min post-exercise and ...
Siegler J C - - 2010
Pre-exercise alkalosis and an active recovery improve the physiological state of recovery through slightly different mechanisms (e. g. directly increasing extracellular bicarbonate (HCO3 (-)) vs. increasing blood flow), and combining the two conditions may provide even greater influence on blood acid-base recovery from high-intensity exercise. Nine subjects completed four trials (Placebo ...
Leasure J Leigh - - 2010
Exercise impacts the cellular response and behavioral recovery following stroke, but has not been widely investigated in aged animals. We tested the hypothesis that gentle post-stroke exercise could enhance recovery of somatosensory function and influence survival and phenotype of newly generated cells in the peri-infarct region after focal cortical ischemia ...
Ardic Idris - - 2011
Heart rate recovery after exercise is a function of vagal reactivation, and its impairment is an independent prognostic indicator for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. The aim of our study was to evaluate heart rate recovery in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). The study population included 38 patients with FMF ...
Ardic Idris - - 2011
Sarcoidosis, an inflammatory granulomatous disease, is associated with various cardiac disorders, including threatening ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise is a function of vagal reactivation, and its impairment is an independent prognostic indicator for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. The aim of our study was ...
Tripette Julien - - 2010
This study compared the hemorheological responses of a group of sickle cell trait (SCT) carriers with those of a control (Cont) group in response to 40 min of submaximal exercise (exercise intensity, 55% aerobic peak power) performed in two conditions: one with water offered ad libitum, i.e., the hydration (Hyd) ...
Burke Louise - - 2010
Recovery after strenuous exercise involves processes that are dependent on fluid and food intake. Current sports nutrition guidelines provide recommendations for the quantity and timing of consumption of nutrients to optimise recovery issues such as refuelling, rehydration and protein synthesis for repair and adaptation. Recovery of immune and antioxidant systems ...
Kenny Glen P - - 2010
This study compared the effect of active, passive, and inactive recoveries on whole body evaporative and dry heat loss responses during intermittent exercise at an air temperature of 30 degrees C and a relative humidity of 20%. Nine males performed three 15-min bouts of upright seated cycling at a fixed ...
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