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Herbsleb Marco - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Reduced cardio-vascular health has been found in patients suffering from alcohol dependence. Low cardio-respiratory fitness is an independent predictor of cardio-vascular disease. METHODS: We investigated physical fitness in 22 alcohol-dependent patients 10 days after acute alcohol withdrawal and compared results with matched controls. The standardized 6-min walk test (6 ...
Pugh Christopher Ja - - 2013
The leading causes of mortality in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) relate to cardiovascular disease (CVD). The contribution of nitric oxide (NO) to endothelial function, a surrogate of CVD risk, is currently unknown in NAFLD. We hypothesise that NO-mediated cutaneous microvessel function would be impaired in NAFLD compared with controls ...
O'Cathail M - - 2013
Personal health practices are important determinants of health. Smoking habits are well documented among doctors. However, alcohol consumption, exercise rates and obesity rates are not. No indigenous studies have been done in this area. This descriptive population study aims to determine these factors. A questionnaire was sent to 381 consultants ...
Gatherwright James J Department of Plastic Surgery, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44124, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential contribution of environmental factors and testosterone on male alopecia. Ninety-two identical male twins were recruited from 2009 to 2011. A comprehensive questionnaire was completed followed by the acquisition of sputum samples for testosterone analysis and standardized digital photography. Frontal, temporal, ...
Wakabayashi Ichiro - - 2013
AIMS: Lipid accumulation product (LAP), defined as a product of waist circumference and triglycerides, has recently been proposed as a predictor of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to determine whether and how LAP is associated with alcohol drinking. METHODS: Subjects were 21,378 men aged ...
Karoly Hollis C HC Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, - - 2013
Chronic alcohol abuse is related to numerous deleterious neurobiological consequences, including loss of gray matter, damage to white matter (WM), and impairment of cognitive and motor functions. Aerobic exercise has been demonstrated to slow cognitive decline and decrease the negative neural changes resulting from normal aging and from several diseases. ...
Xiao Jia - - 2013
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a leading cause of chronic liver injury and mortality in Western countries and China. However, as to date, there is no direct and effective therapy for this disease. The aim of this review is to analyze the key progress and challenges of main current ...
Shiranian Afshin - - 2013
After exercise, recovery is very essential in professional sport. Athletes use sport beverages to enhance endurance and physical performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Dough versus non-alcoholic beer and carbohydrate (CHO) fluid on performance, lipids profile, inflammatory biomarkers after Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (R.A.S.T) ...
Black Anne C AC Yale - - 2013
Exercise acutely reduces cravings for tobacco and alcohol, but the mechanism accounting for this relationship is not fully understood. To explore exercise's effects on general risk-taking, we compared the performances of 20 adolescent male athletes on the balloon analog risk task (BART) immediately after periods of exercise (playing tennis) and ...
Maurel Delphine B - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Excessive alcohol consumption is known to be a cause of secondary osteoporosis whereas physical activity is recommended in prevention of osteoporosis. This study was designed to analyze the effects of physical exercise on bone parameters in chronic alcohol-fed rats. METHODS: Forty-eight male Wistar rats were divided in four groups: ...
Kaibori Masaki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the outcomes of exercise therapy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hepatectomy. METHODS: Fifty-one patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were randomized to diet therapy alone (n = 25) or to exercise in addition to diet therapy (n = 26). Exercise at ...
Reineck Elizabeth - - 2013
The clinical expression of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) is undoubtedly influenced by modifying genetic and environmental factors. Lifestyle practices such as tobacco and alcohol use, poor nutritional intake, and physical inactivity are strongly associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes and increased mortality in the general population. Before addressing the direct effect of ...
Huang Chi-Chang - - 2013
Several studies have been shown that accelerated apoptosis is involved in post-exercise lymphocytopenia and tissue damage after high-intensity exercise. Ganoderma tsugae (GT) is one of the well-known medicinal mushrooms that possess various pharmacological functions. This mushroom has traditionally been used for health promotion purposes. This study investigates the hepatoprotective effects ...
Iikura Motoyasu - - 2013
The avoidance of inhaled allergens or tobacco smoke has been known to have favorable effects on asthma control. However, it remains unclear whether other lifestyle-related factors are also related to asthma control. Therefore, a comprehensive study to examine the associations between various lifestyle factors and asthma control was conducted in ...
Maynard Mark E - - 2013
Binge drinking damages the brain, and although a significant amount of recovery occurs with abstinence, there is a need for effective strategies to maximize neurorestoration. In contrast to binge drinking, exercise promotes brain health, so the present study assessed whether it could counteract ethanol-induced damage by augmenting natural self-repair processes ...
Saunders Lee L LL College of Health Professions, Medical University of South Carolina , Charleston, South - - 2013
With medical and rehabilitation advances, many people are able to regain or maintain ambulation after spinal cord injury (SCI). However, those who are ambulatory may be at increased risk for falls. To assess the relationships between walking devices and behaviors, including alcohol use, prescription medication use, and exercise, with falls ...
Khaoshbaten Manochehr M Department of Gastroenterology, Emam Reza Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an aerobic exercise on serum level of liver enzymes and liver echogenicity in patients with non alcoholic fatty liver disease. Non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has different prevalence in various parts of the world. Obesity and low physical ...
Bacchi Elisabetta E Unit of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University and Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata of Verona, Piazzale Stefani 1, 37126 Verona, - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by frequent ectopic fat accumulation in several tissues and organs. In particular, a number of studies showed that these subjects frequently have hepatic fat accumulation, which may play a role in the metabolic abnormalities typical of diabetes and has been also linked to increased risk ...
Hung Olivia Y - - 2013
BACKGROUND The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC VII) recommended lifestyle interventions, either with or without pharmacologic treatment, for all patients with high blood pressure. The objective of this study is to determine the association of physicians' personal ...
Finelli Carmine C Center of Obesity and Eating Disorder, Stella Maris Mediterraneum Foundation, Chiaromonte, 80035 Potenza, - - 2012
The purpose of this review was to highlight, in relation to the currently accepted pathophysiology of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the known exercise habits of patients with NAFLD and to detail the benefits of lifestyle modification with exercise (and/or physical activity) on parameters of metabolic syndrome. More rigorous, controlled ...
Tomás Maria Teresa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is nowadays the only effective answer to adjourn the outcome of functional limitations associated with familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP), a neurodegenerative disease characterized by sensory and motor polyneuropathies. Nevertheless, there is a detrimental impact associated with the after-surgery period on the fragile physical condition of these patients. ...
Jones Andrew A School of Psychology, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Training social drinkers to exercise motor inhibitory control leads to a reduction in alcohol consumption. However, it is unclear if participants should attempt to exercise inhibitory control in the presence of alcohol-related cues or if nonspecific inhibition training is equally effective. It is also unclear if comparable effects can be ...
Lemyze Malcolm - - 2012
End-stage liver cirrhosis is a systemic disease carrying a short-term desperate prognosis without liver transplantation. Given the discrepancy between the growing number of candidates and the limited available liver grafts, the pre-transplantation screening process has become a challenging task. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing, by measuring maximal oxygen consumption at peak exercise, ...
Sylvia Louisa G LG Bipolar Clinic and Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, 50 Staniford St, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2013
Despite evidence that exercise is beneficial for serious mental illness, it continues to be an under utilized adjunct treatment strategy. Thus, the aims of this study were to examine if self-selected or volunteer exercise programs are feasible in a structured outpatient program and who might choose to participate in such ...
Ascensão A - - 2012
Mitochondrial function is modulated by multiple approaches including physical activity, which can afford cross-tolerance against a variety of insults. We therefore aimed to analyze the effects of endurance-training (ET) and chronic-intermittent hypobaric-hypoxia (IHH) on liver mitochondrial bioenergetics and whether these effects translate into benefits against in vitro salicylate mitochondrial toxicity. ...
Paralikar Swapnil J - - 2012
High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a noncardiogenic pulmonary edema which typically occurs in lowlanders who ascend rapidly to altitudes greater than 2500-3000 m. Early symptoms of HAPE include a nonproductive cough, dyspnoea on exertion and reduced exercise performance. Later, dyspnoea occurs at rest. Clinical features are cyanosis, tachycardia, tachypnoea ...
Jakovljevic Djordje G DG Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, U.K. - - 2012
Cardiac power output is a direct measure of overall cardiac function that integrates both flow- and pressure-generating capacities of the heart. The present study assessed the reproducibility of cardiac power output and other more commonly reported cardiopulmonary exercise variables in patients with chronic heart failure. Metabolic, ventilatory and non-invasive (inert ...
Jakovljevic Djordje G DG MoveLab-Physical Activity and Exercise Research, MRC Centre for Brain Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2012
Bioreactance is a novel non-invasive method for cardiac output measurement that involves the analysis of blood flow-dependent changes in the phase shifts of electrical currents applied across the chest. The present study (1) compared resting and exercise cardiac outputs determined by bioreactance and bioimpedance methods and those estimated from measured ...
Bae Ji Cheol - - 2012
We evaluated the association of regular physical exercise with the presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and liver enzymes in relation to obesity and insulin resistance. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in 72,359 healthy Korean adults without diabetes who participated in a comprehensive health check-up. Subjects who have been ...
Klintsova Anna Y AY Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA. - - 2012
Developmental alcohol exposure both early in life and during adolescence can have a devastating impact on normal brain structure and functioning, leading to behavioral and cognitive impairments that persist throughout the lifespan. This review discusses human work as well as animal models used to investigate the effect of alcohol exposure ...
Kline Christopher E CE Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3811 O’Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States. - - 2012
To explore the utility of exercise training for improving daytime functioning in adults with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Forty-three sedentary and overweight/obese adults aged 18-55 years with at least moderate-severity untreated OSA (apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 15) were randomized to 12 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise training (n = ...
La Gerche André - - 2011
Training induces changes in cardiac structure and function which improves cardiac output (CO) and oxygen delivery during exercise. It is unclear whether it is cardiac structure or function which is of greatest importance in determining maximal oxygen consumption (VO(2max)). In 55 subjects (15 non-athletes, 32 amateur and 8 elite athletes), ...
Richters L - - 2011
A reduced expression of the manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase (SOD2) is characterized by increased cardiac oxidative stress. Oxidative stress has also been described in situations of physical exercise. We investigated the influence of physical exercise (EX; treadmill 1 h/day at 15 m/min, 5 days/wk, at an angle of 5° for a ...
Kang Suk Yun - - 2011
ABSTRACT Cardiac involvement, such as conduction defects, is common in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), but congestive heart failure (CHF) is rare in young patients. A 21-year-old recruit was admitted in the department of cardiology with acute CHF after daily physical exercise for about one week in the boot camp. ...
Blumenthal James A - - 2011
Exercise, considered a mainstay of cardiac rehabilitation, has been shown to reduce cardiac risk factors such as hyperlipidemia and hypertension. Growing evidence also suggests that exercise has beneficial effects on mental health, which is relevant for cardiac patients because of the prognostic significance of depression in patients with coronary heart ...
Rowland Thomas - - 2011
This study was designed to examine time-of-day effects on markers of cardiac functional capacity during a standard progressive cycle exercise test. Fourteen healthy, untrained young males (mean ± SD: 17.9 ± 0.7 yrs of age) performed identical maximal cycle tests in the morning (08:00-11:00 h) and late afternoon (16:00-19:00 h) in random order. Cardiac variables were ...
de Macedo Rafael Michel - - 2011
Cardiac rehabilitation protocols applied during the in-hospital phase (phase I) are subjective and their results are contested when evaluated considering what should be the three basic principles of exercise prescription: specificity, overload and reversibility. In this review, we focus on the problems associated with the models of exercise prescription applied at ...
Lesbo Maj - - 2011
Patients with pectus excavatum complain about fatigue, tachypnea, discomfort and dyspnea, but the existence of an equivalent underlying pathophysiology has been questioned. We investigated 75 teenagers (49 pectus excavatum patients and 26 age matched controls) at rest and during bicycle exercise at submaximal exercise levels. At rest cardiac function was ...
Eijsvogels T M H - - 2011
Exercise training represents a successful and powerful strategy to prevent future cardiovascular disease. Paradoxically, performance of exercise is also associated with an increased risk of acute cardiac events. Accordingly, patients may present to hospital with cardiac symptoms following a bout of unaccustomed physical effort (e.g. exercise). Current guidelines for the ...
Thompson Paul D - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease may be responsible for a quarter of diving fatalities, but there are few studies on the cardiovascular complications of this activity. In contrast, there is a rich literature on land-based, exercise-related cardiac events. These studies document that exercise can increase the risk of acute cardiac events, but that ...
Mielenz Thelma J - - 2011
Benefits of physical activity for those with arthritis are clear, yet physical activity is difficult to initiate and maintain. Self-efficacy is a key modifiable psychosocial determinant of physical activity. This study examined two scales for self-efficacy for exercise behavior (SEEB) to identify their strengths and weaknesses using item response theory ...
Braverman Debra L - - 2011
Cardiac rehabilitation is increasingly recognized as an essential part of the continuum of care for patients with cardiovascular disease. The discipline has evolved over the last 15 yrs to reflect the importance of targeted initiatives in the management of cardiovascular risk factors. Changes in program scope have broadened to shift ...
Ascensão António - - 2011
One of the mostly used chemotherapeutic drugs is the highly effective anthracycline Doxorubicin. However, its clinical use is limited by the dose-related and cumulative cardiotoxicity and consequent dysfunction. It has been proposed that the etiology of this toxicity is related to mitochondrial dysfunction. The present review aimed to analyze the ...
DE Pauw Kevin - - 2011
: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of five different recovery strategies on repeated simulated time trial (TT) performance on a stationary cycle ergometer. : Study 1 (n = 8, male, club-level trained; V˙O2max: 56.9 ± 3.8 mL·min·kg) investigated the influence of passive rest with or ...
Laurent C Matthew - - 2011
Laurent, CM, Green, JM, Bishop, PA, Sjökvist, J, Schumacker, RE, Richardson, MT, and Curtner-Smith, M. A practical approach to monitoring recovery: development of a perceived recovery status scale. J Strength Cond Res 25(3): 620-628, 2011-The aim of this study was to develop and test the practical utility of a perceived ...
Laing Susan T ST Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Health Science Center-Houston, University of Texas, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2011
One hypothesis by which exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) reduces mortality and cardiac events in patients with coronary artery disease invokes a beneficial effect of exercise on autonomic modulation. This study aimed to evaluate the autonomic effects of CR in patients with coronary artery disease. Participants referred to phase 2 CR ...
Myers Jonathan N - - 2011
To examine the association between cardiac performance during recovery and the severity of heart failure, as determined by clinical and cardiopulmonary exercise test responses. As part of a retrospective cohort study, 46 heart failure patients and 13 normal subjects underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing while cardiac output was measured using a ...
Glaister Mark - - 2010
The aims of the present study were to investigate the process of self-selected recovery in a multiple sprint test with a view to using self-selected recovery time as a means of reliably quantifying an individual's ability to resist fatigue in this type of exercise. Twenty physically active exercise science students ...
Yamanaka Ryo - - 2011
To determine whether post-exercise ventilation is related to decrease in blood pH and also whether post-exercise ventilation, associated or not with decreased blood pH, involves an increase in central motor command during exercise, we examined the effects of NaHCO(3) ingestion on the ventilatory response ([Formula: see text]E), integrated electromyogram (iEMG) ...
Green H J - - 2011
A single session of prolonged work was employed to investigate changes in selected metabolic, transporter and enzymatic properties in muscle. Ten active but untrained volunteers (weight = 73.9 ± 4.2 kg) with a peak aerobic power [Formula: see text] of 2.95 ± 0.27 l min(-1), cycled for 2 h at 62 ± 1.3% [Formula: see text] Tissue extraction from the vastus lateralis ...
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