Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 694
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Takahashi T - - 1998
To examine the influence of light exercise on cardiac responses during recovery from exercise, we measured heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), and cardiac output (Qc) in five healthy untrained male subjects in an upright position before, during, and after 10-min steady-state cycle exercise at an exercise intensity of 170 ...
Rotstein A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the effect of supramaximal short duration intermittent exercise in neutral and hot environmental conditions on changes in plasma volume. The return of plasma volume (PV) to pre-exercise values following different recovery conditions was also examined. METHODS: Experimental design. Within subject ...
Kurosaki Y - - 1998
A new microdialysis method (Lipo-MD) using a lipid emulsion as the perfusate instead of Ringer's solution as in conventional microdialysis (MD) was designed. Recovery profiles of the alkylparabens (APBs) dissolved in Ringer' s solution by Lipo-MD were compared with those by MD in vitro. Recovery of APBs in the perfusate ...
Koike A - - 1998
PURPOSE: Little is known about cardiovascular responses during recovery from exercise in patients with cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine the time constants of the kinetics of oxygen uptake and heart rate during recovery from exercise and to evaluate the influence of resting cardiac function on ...
Ryushi T - - 1998
This study examined the effects of negative air ion exposure on the human cardiovascular and endocrine systems during rest and during the recovery period following moderate endurance exercise. Ten healthy adult men were studied in the presence (8,000-10,000 cm-3) or absence (200-400 cm-3) of negative air ions (25 degrees C, ...
Yang R C - - 1998
We measured hepatic albumin synthesis in five volunteers (4 men and 1 woman) at 3 and 6 h after recovery from intense exercise. A primed-constant infusion of a stable isotopic tracer of phenylalanine was used to determine hepatic fractional synthetic rate (FSR) and absolute synthetic rate (ASR) of albumin from ...
Headley S A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined the relationship between baseline plasma renin (REN) and hemodynamic variables during recovery from aerobic exercise in 10 Caucasian (C) and 10 African-American (AA) borderline hypertensive females. METHODS: Subjects attended three preliminary sessions and an experimental session in which treadmill walking was performed for 40 ...
Knudsen P K - - 1998
The potential role of adrenergic mechanisms in the recovery of potassium balance and acid-base status following 5 min of exhausting exercise was studied in carp. The extracellular metabolic H+ load after exercise matched the lactate load, suggesting similar release rates of H+ and lactate from white muscle. Blockage of alpha-adrenoceptors ...
Falk B - - 1998
Environmental heat is known to hamper aerobic performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of heat on the performance of anaerobic exercise and the recovery from such exercise. Eleven trained men underwent two identical exercise-recovery protocols in neutral (22 degrees C, N) and hot (35 degrees ...
Chen Y L - - 1998
The objective of the present study was to develop a simplified heart rate recovery cost (RC) model and to validate it under various degrees of dynamic and static task components. The simplified model of heart rate recovery cost consisted of two parameters: heart rate increase (delta HR) and recovery time ...
Leaf D A - - 1997
This study characterizes exercise-induced lipid peroxidation during graded aerobic exercise in seven healthy men and women (36.4 +/- 3 yr). Levels of ethane and pentane in expired breath during cardiopulmonary exercise stress testing were measured at rest, lactic acidosis threshold (LAT), maximal exercise (VO2max), and recovery. Serum malonaldehyde (MDA) levels ...
Mortz C G - - 1997
Moisturizers (emollients) are used frequently on normal and diseased skin. However, only few studies have examined their effects in dynamic situations and in more clinically relevant settings. We evaluated the effect of 4 commonly used products in a hairless mice model after acute skin barrier perturbation with acetone. The efficacy ...
Houston R J - - 1997
The limited capacity of the heart to survive ischaemia presents a recognized problem during open-heart surgery. In order to provide a baseline for the study of cardioprotection we subjected a series of isolated rat hearts to periods of ischaemia of increasing duration, and sought correlations between phosphate metabolite levels as ...
Kopman A F - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Recovery of the train-of-four (TOF) ratio to a value > 0.70 is synonymous with adequate return of neuromuscular function, but there is little information available concerning the subjective experience that accompanies residual neuromuscular block wherein the TOF ratio is in the range of 0.70 to 0.90. METHODS: Ten American ...
Takahashi T - - 1997
To investigate the effect of the neural components associated with leg movements on the control of ventilation during recovery from exercise, we recorded the minute ventilation (VE), oxygen uptake (VO2), and carbon dioxide output (VCO2) of eight normal volunteers during recovery from moderate, steady-state cycle exercise (170 W). The recovery ...
Trost S - - 1997
Increased fat oxidation during the recovery period from exercise is thought to be a contributing factor for excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC). In an attempt to study the effect of serum free fatty acid (FFA) availability during exercise and recovery on the EPOC, nicotinic acid, a potent inhibitor of FFA ...
Ienna T M - - 1997
To determine whether asthmatic athletes have normal physiological responses to exercise without pre-exercise medication, we studied 17 female and male asthmatic subjects, 9 highly trained (HT) and 8 moderately trained (MT) under 2 conditions: salbutamol (S) 200 micrograms taken via inhaler 15 minutes prior to exercise or placebo (PL). The ...
McEniery C M - - 1997
The present study investigated the relationship between plasma potassium ion concentration ([K+]) and skeletal muscle torque during three different 15-min recovery periods after fatigue induced by four 30-s sprints. Four males and one female completed the multiple sprint exercise on three separate days; recovery was passive, i.e. no cycling exercise ...
Lee G C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The results from studies of muscle relaxants show wide variations among institutions. The authors hypothesized that some of this variability could be explained by differences in duration of nerve stimulation before drug administration (stabilization period). METHODS: Train-of-four stimulation was applied every 12 s to both ulnar nerves and adductor ...
Hellsten Y - - 1997
The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether high metabolic stress to skeletal muscle, induced by intensive exercise, would lead to an oxidation of urate to allantoin in the exercised muscle. Seven healthy male subjects performed short term (4.39 +/- 0.04 [+/-SE] min) exhaustive cycling exercise. Muscle samples ...
van Meeteren N L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of exercise training on recuperation of sensorimotor function in the early phase of regeneration, and to monitor the long-term effects of exercise on electrophysiological aspects of the regenerating nerve. DESIGN: After sciatic nerve crush in 20 male Wistar rats, one random selected group was subjected ...
Leijssen D P - - 1996
1. In order to establish biological and/or methodological explanations for the wide variability in recovery (50-100%) of labelled CO2 after administration of [13C]bicarbonate or [14C]bicarbonate, 34 human bicarbonate studies involving 480 subjects were analysed, and potential methodological issues were investigated in the laboratory. 2. Overall, continuous infusion studies reported a ...
Paul G L - - 1996
This study was designed to determine the effect of ingesting three preexercise meals on energy metabolism during exercise and recovery and to relate metabolic perturbations to subjective and objective measurements associated with central fatigue. Twelve subjects consumed isoenergetic meals consisting of oat, wheat, or corn cereals 90 min before cycling. ...
Yoshioka H - - 1996
Seizure susceptibility during recovery from hypercapnia was investigated in seven anesthetized neonatal dogs; 13, 20, or 30% CO2 gas was administered for 30 min through a ventilator to result in three levels of hypercapnia in which measured PaCO2 values were approximately 70, 100, and 140 mm Hg. Thereafter, the animals ...
de Groote P - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the kinetics of oxygen consumption during and after a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. The prognostic information derived from indexes of recovery was also studied. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined the kinetics of oxygen consumption during a short recovery period in a ...
Brandom B W - - 1996
This study compared spontaneous with edrophonium-induced recovery of neuromuscular transmission (NMT) after mivacurium infusion. During nitrous oxide-narcotic-propofol anesthesia, the electromyogram (EMG) of the adductor pollicis (AP) was recorded and the movement of the first toe in response to stimulation of the posterior tibial nerve was noted. Mivacurium infusion was titrated ...
Kubitz K A - - 1996
This study examined the effects of aerobic exercise on spontaneous electroencephalographic (EEG) activity. Participants (N = 34) were asked to (a) sit quietly for a 10-min adaptation period, (b) either exercise on a cycle ergometer (n = 18) or watch a videotape (n = 16) for 15 min, and (c) ...
Gupta S - - 1996
This investigation highlights the comparison of blood lactate removal during the period of recovery in which the subjects were required to sit down as a passive rest period, followed by active recovery at 30% VO(2)max and short term body massage, as the three modes of recovery used. Ten male athletes ...
Pelayo P - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to relate measurements of blood lactate concentration, performance during a maximal anaerobic lactic test (MANLT) and training loads during a 23-week swimming season. Six elite 200-m freestyle male swimmers [mean age 19.5 (SD 1.6) years, height 184 (SD 5) cm and body mass 77.7 ...
Bogdanis G C - - 1996
The effects of active recovery on metabolic and cardiorespiratory responses and power output were examined during repeated sprints. Male subjects (n = 13) performed two maximal 30-s cycle ergometer sprints, 4 min apart, on two separate occasions with either an active [cycling at 40 (1)% of maximal oxygen uptake; mean ...
Meretoja O A - - 1996
Cisatracurium, 51W89, is one of the ten stereoisomers of Tracrium which, unlike atracurium, has been reported to have a lack of histamine mediated cardiovascular effects at doses as high as 8 x ED95 in adults. We compared the time-course of neuromuscular effects of 80 micrograms.kg-1 or 100 micrograms.kg-1 cisatracurium during ...
Taoutaou Z - - 1996
We investigated the effects of passive and partially active recovery on lactate removal after exhausting cycle ergometer exercise in endurance and sprint athletes. A group of 14 men, 7 endurance-trained (ET) and 7 sprint-trained (ST), performed two maximal incremental exercise tests followed by either passive recovery (20 min seated on ...
Parmar M - - 1996
We describe the successful use of the short-acting, non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent, mivacurium, in a 53-yr-old female patient with late onset congenital myopathy, undergoing elective submucous resection of the inferior turbinates. She was unable to climb stairs and walking was limited to periods of 15 min because of generalized weakness, ...
Katz A - - 1995
The effects of isometric contraction (66% of maximal force) and recovery on glycogen synthase fractional activity (GSF) in human skeletal muscle have been studied. Biopsies were taken from the quadriceps femoris muscle at rest, at fatigue and 5 min postexercise on two occasions: after one of the contractions, the circulation ...
Kraemer W J - - 1995
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of a 3.5-day dietary multibuffer supplement (containing predominantly inorganic phosphate, or Pi, along with bicarbonate and carnosine, i.e., PhosFuel) on repetitive (four trials separated by 2 min rest) Wingate test (WT) performances and whole blood 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) concentrations in 10 ...
Hashizume T - - 1995
A microdialysis sampling technique for the intracerebral measurement of somatostatin (SS) in extracellular fluid was examined in the goat. The microdialysis probe (70-mm shaft, 0.5 mm outer diameter) contained at its tip a 4-mm length of copolymer dialysis membrane (20 kDa cut-off). Artificial cerebrospinal fluid (artificial CSF) was pumped through ...
Hofstra W B - - 1995
It has been suggested that children with asthma recover more quickly from exercise-induced bronchoconstriction than adults. On the basis of clinical observation we hypothesized that recovery rate from exercise-induced asthma (EIA) in childhood also decreases with age. In 14 children (aged 7-12 years) with a history of EIA, we measured ...
Herdman S J - - 1995
The use of exercises in the treatment of patients with vestibular deficits has become increasingly popular, and evidence exists that these exercises are beneficial in patients with chronic vestibular deficits. The question as to whether patients with acute unilateral vestibular loss would benefit from vestibular adaptation exercises is particularly compelling, ...
Pérez N G - - 1995
Myocardial contractility falls quickly during respiratory acidosis but if acidosis is maintained a slow gradual return towards control state is detected. In cat papillary muscle, changes in developed tension (DT) during isometric contractions (pacing rate 0.2 Hz) and intracellular pH (pHi) were continuously monitored before and during hypercapnia to study ...
Knauer K W - - 1995
Mescalbean (Sophora secundiflora) toxicity is reported in a dog. Mescalbean toxicity causes intolerance to exercise, muscle rigidity and collapse upon exercise, with a rapid recovery upon resting in dogs. Mescalbean toxicity is a rare cause of the periodic weakness/syncope class of diseases in dogs in areas of the habitat of ...
Williams R E - - 1995
Minimal information is available on the basic interactions within the metabolic and cardiovascular systems during recovery from exercise. Nine men participated in three experiments: one control and two cost-equivalent (52 liters O2) exercise tests of 30 (EX30) and 45 (EX45) min. Exercise intensities were adjusted accordingly. During recovery, all parameters ...
Agüera E I - - 1995
A study was performed on Andalusian horses in order to assess the response of heart rate and various blood parameters to training. Two tests were performed, at two and four months of training respectively. Exercise schedules were of increasing intensity, over a distance of 1000 meters. Speed was progressively increased, ...
Naifeh S - - 1995
Addiction recovery takes place at an archetypal level. This is quite visible in the formulation of the twelve steps of AA which refer to forces in illness and recovery, e.g., a take-over by the addictive substances or process that renders one's life unmanageable and often devastated and the strong need ...
Rubio M D - - 1995
Exercise-induced hematological alterations were studied in 20 four-year old foals, 11 Andalusian and 9 Arabian. They were subjected to a test exercise program consisting of 4 levels of gradually increasing intensity (15, 20, 25 and 30 km/hr) with a duration of 5 min each. Blood samples were taken during resting, ...
Kilgour R D - - 1995
The cardiodynamic responses of 9 healthy men (mean age +/- SD, 22.3 +/- 2.0 yrs) were measured during seated and supine passive recovery following the Wingate Anaerobic Power Test (WAPT). Stroke index (SI) was determined noninvasively using impedance cardiographic techniques. During the initial stages of seated recovery, SI progressively increased ...
Shore S E - - 1995
Single unit responses were obtained from 8 classes of cells in the ventral cochlear nucleus: Primarylike, Primarylike with characteristic frequencies below 1 kHz, Primarylike-Notch, Sustained Chopper, Transient-Chopper, Low-intensity Chopper; Onset with later activity and On-Chopper. Stimuli were paired tonebursts, a masker preceding a probe, separated by time delta t ms. ...
Bonifazi M - - 1995
In eight top-level male endurance swimmers the aerobic performance and the response to exercise of total testosterone (T), free testosterone (fT), sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), non-SHBG-bound testosterone (NST) and cortisol (C) were evaluated during a training season. The swimmers participated in three test sessions which occurred 6, 12 and ...
Hardwick J C - - 1995
1. The extent of recovery of endplate sensitivity following a 5 or 10 min exposure to carbachol was determined from measurements of miniature endplate current (m.e.p.c.) amplitudes in voltage-clamped snake twitch fibre endplates. M.e.p.c. amplitude recovery was dependent on the carbachol concentration (0.27-5.4 mM) and duration of application. Staurosporine pretreatment ...
Falk B - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of ambient heat on the decrease in blood lactate concentration ([LA]bl) during passive and during active recovery. Ten trained men performed six 1-min bouts of exercise at 100% VO2peak on a cycle ergometer, with 1-min rest between the bouts. Each ...
Thiriet P - - 1995
The sickle cell trait (HbAS) does not affect anaerobic exercise performance. However, lower blood lactate concentrations ([La-]) are consistently found during repeated anaerobic exercise in HbAS, and could be related to type of recovery. To study this, on three different occasions 17 HbAS and 17 matched control athletes (HbAA) underwent ...
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