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Koibuchi Eri E Laboratory of Sports Nutrition and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Health and Sports Science, Juntendo University, Inzai, Chiba 270-1695, - - 2014
The secretion of salivary α-amylase is influenced by adrenergic regulation of the sympathetic nervous system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis; thus, exercise affects the levels of salivary α-amylase. Granger et al published a review in 2007 that focused attention on salivary α-amylase. In addition, a portable system for monitoring salivary α-amylase ...
Lin Shiuan-Pey SP School of Pharmacy, China Medical University, Taichung, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term effects of green tea consumption on selected salivary defense proteins, antibacterial capacity and anti-oxidation activity in taekwondo (TKD) athletes, following intensive training. Twenty-two TKD athletes performed a 2-hr TKD training session. After training, participants ingested green tea (T, caffeine 6 ...
Cormie Prue - - 2013
Given the poor prognosis for patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, therapies that enhance the ability to tolerate adjuvant treatments, reduce the loss of physical functioning and optimize quality of life are critically important. Exercise may represent such a therapy however, no previous research has investigated the potential impact of exercise ...
Gomes Rodrigo Mello - - 2013
Background/Aims: Metabolic syndrome has been identified as one of the most significant threats to human health in the 21(st) century. Exercise training has been shown to counteract obesity and metabolic syndrome. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of moderate exercise training on pancreatic beta-cell function and autonomic nervous ...
Kanaley J A - - 2013
Objective:Short-term exercise training improves glycemic control, but the effect of short-term training on postprandial satiety peptide responses or perceived satiety remains unknown. We tested the hypothesis that short-term aerobic exercise training (15 days) would alter postprandial pancreatic and gut peptide [pancreatic polypeptide (PP) and peptide YY (PYY)] responses and perceived ...
Hatta Arihiro - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a single bout of walking on mood, psychophysiologic responses, and executive function in elderly adults. Twenty healthy, elderly adults (10 women and 10 men; mean age 70.50 ± 3.4 years) participated in this study. Mood, as assessed by the ...
Tsuchiya Miho - - 2012
We evaluated the effect of chronic exercise on insulin secretion in response to high-glucose by using a perifusion method with isolated pancreatic islets from normal rats. Male Wistar rats were assigned to one of two groups: a sedentary group and a trained group. Running exercise was carried out on a ...
Marquard J - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Exercise-induced hyperinsulinism (EIHI) is a hypoglycaemic disorder characterised by inappropriate insulin secretion following anaerobic exercise or pyruvate load. Activating promoter mutations in the MCT1 gene (also known as SCLA16A1), coding for monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1), were shown to associate with EIHI. Recently, transgenic Mct1 expression in pancreatic beta cells ...
Lins-Filho Ozéas de L - - 2012
Lins-Filho, ODL, Robertson, RJ, Farah, BQ, Rodrigues, SLC, Cyrino, ES, and Ritti-Dias, RM. Effects of exercise intensity on rating of perceived exertion during a multiple-set resistance exercise session. J Strength Cond Res 26(X): 000-000, 2012-The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of intensity on rating of perceived ...
Motl Robert W - - 2012
Motl RW, Fernhall B. Accurate prediction of cardiorespiratory fitness using cycle ergometry in minimally disabled persons with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. OBJECTIVE: To examine the accuracy of predicting peak oxygen consumption (Vo(2peak)) primarily from peak work rate (WR(peak)) recorded during a maximal, incremental exercise test on a cycle ergometer among persons ...
Bosnak-Guclu Meral - - 2012
Objective: To compare functional exercise capacity, pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength in fully ambulatory patients with multiple sclerosis with different disability levels and healthy controls, and to elucidate the determinant factors of functional exercise capacity. Methods: Forty-three fully ambulatory patients with multiple sclerosis and 30 healthy controls were included ...
LeMoyne Elise L - - 2012
It is generally accepted that an active lifestyle is beneficial for cognition in children, adults and the elderly. Recently, studies using the rat animal model found that the pups of mothers who exercised during pregnancy had increased hippocampal neurogenesis and better memory and learning abilities. The aim of this report ...
Dalgas Ulrik - - 2011
In a chronic and disabling disease like multiple sclerosis, rehabilitation becomes of major importance in the preservation of physical, psychological and social functioning. Approximately 80% of patients have multiple sclerosis for more than 35 years and most will develop disability at some point of their lives, emphasising the importance of ...
Hamaoka Takafumi - - 2011
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been shown to be one of the tools that can measure oxygenation in muscle and other tissues in vivo. This review paper highlights the progress, specifically in this decade, that has been made for evaluating skeletal muscle oxygenation and oxidative energy metabolism in sport, health and ...
Learmonth Y C - - 2011
Objective: To establish the effects of a 12-week, community-based group exercise intervention for people moderately affected with multiple sclerosis. Design: Randomised controlled pilot trial. Setting: Two community leisure centres. Participants: Thirty-two participants with multiple sclerosis randomised into intervention or control groups. Intervention: The intervention group received 12 weeks of twice ...
Sugai Fuminobu - - 2011
We report a case of a 37year-old male with multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenation deficiency (MADD). The patient had suffered from exercise intolerance in his hip and thigh muscles for one year. Then, restriction of carbohydrates for a diet made his symptoms rapidly deteriorate. Blood test revealed compound heterozygosity for two novel ...
Cameron Michelle H - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system characterized by episodic decline in various neurologic functions. Gait dysfunction in MS is distinguished by decreased gait speed, walking endurance, step length, cadence and joint motion, as well as increased metabolic cost of walking and increased variability of ...
Keser Ilke - - 2011
We conducted a study that examined the effectiveness of callisthenic exercises in multiple sclerosis. 30 individuals were divided into two groups. The first group did 15~callisthenic exercises and the second group did routine neurorehabilitation programme. Both groups did the programmes for three days per week over six weeks. Visual Analogue ...
Morrison Heather - - 2011
We evaluated antecedent exercise for treating the automatically reinforced problem behavior of 4 individuals with autism. We conducted preference assessments to identify leisure and exercise items that were associated with high levels of engagement and low levels of problem behavior. Next, we conducted three 3-component multiple-schedule sequences: an antecedent-exercise test ...
Tyack Peter L - - 2011
Beaked whales have mass stranded during some naval sonar exercises, but the cause is unknown. They are difficult to sight but can reliably be detected by listening for echolocation clicks produced during deep foraging dives. Listening for these clicks, we documented Blainville's beaked whales, Mesoplodon densirostris, in a naval underwater ...
Dixon Patrick G - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a cold treatment and a dynamic warm-up on lower body power in the form of a countermovement vertical jump (CMVJ). Nine physically active men, who were either current or ex-National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division 1 athletes, consented to ...
Hartwich Doreen - - 2010
The sympathetic neural regulation of the cerebral circulation remains controversial. The purpose of the present study was to determine how exercise modulates the simultaneous responsiveness of the cerebral and brachial circulations to 'endogenous' sympathetic activation (cold pressor test). In nine healthy subjects, heart rate (HR) and mean arterial blood pressure ...
Burdon Catriona - - 2010
The aims of this study were to determine the effect of cold (4 °C) and thermoneutral (37 °C) beverages on thermoregulation and performance in the heat and to explore sensory factors associated with ingesting a cold stimulus. Seven males (age 32.8 ± 6.1 years, [V(.)]O(2peak) 59.4 ± 6.6 ml x ...
Tronstad Christian - - 2010
Low-frequency skin conductance is used within several clinical applications and is mainly sensitive to sweating and the moisture content of the stratum corneum, but also how electrodes introduce changes in the electrical properties. Four electrode gels were investigated with regard to sorption characteristics and electrical properties. Skin conductance time series ...
Tripathi Piyush Kumar - - 2011
According to Ayurveda, the native Indian system of healthcare, three Doshas, namely, Vata, Pitta, and Kapha, are the basic mutually reciprocal mechanisms that are responsible for the maintenance of homeostasis in human beings. Ayurveda classifies entire human population into seven constitutional types (Prakriti), based on the dominance of any single ...
Carey Daniel G - - 2010
The primary objective of this study was to assess the acute effects for both cold and warm air running on pulmonary function testing and the diagnosis of exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB). Subjects (n = 12, 8 men, 4 women) were distance runners (25.91 +/- 4.91 milesxwk) with mean age 30.2 +/- ...
Lunt Heather C - - 2010
Adaptation to an environmental stressor is usually studied in isolation, yet these stressors are often encountered in combination in the field, an example being cold and hypoxia at altitude. There has been a paucity of research in this area, although work with rodents indicates that habituation to repeated short cold ...
Burdon Catriona A - - 2010
PURPOSE: Increased core temperature (T(c)), impaired cardiovascular function, and dehydration contribute to fatigue during prolonged exercise in the heat. Although many studies have examined mechanisms addressing these factors, few have investigated the effect of cold beverage temperature on thermoregulation and exercise performance in the heat. METHODS: Citations from MEDLINE (Ovid), ...
Khan M Tariq - - 2010
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) results from genetic defects of molecules in the skin concerned with adhesion. Some of the most common problems seen with EB sufferers are blisters, vesicles, and bullas. Maintaining foot cleanliness, exercising, and wearing shoes are all good preventative measures and important in EB foot care.
Muller Matthew D - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate how interval (INT) and continuous (CONT) exercise alter body temperatures and manual dexterity in the cold (5 degrees C). Fourteen young men underwent two trials consisting of a 90-min period of acute cold exposure (ACE), 30 min of exercise (INT or CONT), ...
Keramidas Michail E - - 2010
Cold-induced vasodilatation (CIVD) is a cyclical increase in finger temperature that has been suggested to provide cryoprotective function during cold exposures. Physical fitness has been suggested as a potential factor that could affect CIVD response, possibly via central (increased cardiac output, decreased sympathetic nerve activity) and/or peripheral (increased microcirculation) cardiovascular ...
Bauchinger U - - 2010
Carbon turnover differs between tissues within an animal, but the extent to which ecologically relevant increases in metabolism affect carbon turnover rates is largely unknown. We tested the energy expenditure and protein turnover hypotheses that predict increased carbon turnover, either in association with increased daily energy expenditure, or in concert ...
Meyer Philippe - - 2010
Cold temperature is known to commonly precipitate angina pectoris in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). It was previously shown that the ischemic threshold was lower during exercise testing at -8 degrees C than at +20 degrees C in patients with a history of cold-induced angina, whereas it was ...
Zeigelboim Bianca - - 2010
Background: Balance difficulties are common among multiple sclerosis patients. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Cawthorne and Cooksey protocol of vestibular rehabilitation (VR) exercises in reducing the physical, functional and emotional impact of multiple sclerosis among individuals who complained of vertigo. Methods: Four patients with remittent-recurrent multiple sclerosis underwent ...
Khadilkar Satish V - - 2010
Pyridostigmine relieved episodic weakness in a family with paramyotonia congenita resulting from the R1448C mutation in the sodium channel gene. The transmission was autosomal dominant and the patients had paradoxical myotonia and exercise-induced weakness. On electrophysiological studies there were myotonic potentials, and there was progressive reduction of compound muscle action ...
Rafeeyan Zahra - - 2010
The appearance of a new innovation in medical science named aquatic exercise has faded the effects of other preventive exercises in patients with multiple sclerosis to a large extent. Since exercise is one of the beneficial factors in enhancement of quality of life, researchers decided to investigate the role of ...
Seebacher Frank - - 2010
Physical activity modulates expression of metabolic genes and may therefore be a prerequisite for metabolic responses to environmental stimuli. However, the extent to which exercise interacts with environmental conditions to modulate metabolism is unresolved. Hence, we tested the hypothesis that even low levels of physical activity are beneficial by improving ...
Moriyama Kayo - - 2010
Individuals who respond with a rise of 15 mmHg or more in their systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure to a cold pressor test are called blood pressure hyperreactors. We examined whether hyperreactors (n = 8) showed greater reactivity of arterial stiffness, i.e., pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index normalized ...
Al Haddad Hani - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of cold water face immersion on post-exercise parasympathetic reactivation, inferred from heart rate (HR) recovery (HRR) and HR variability (HRV) indices. Thirteen men performed, on two different occasions, an intermittent exercise (i.e., an all-out 30-s Wingate test followed by ...
Akimoto T - - 2009
AIM: The authors hypothesized that inconsistent SIgA response to exercise is caused by the different adaptative status of subjects to a cold environment. The purposes of the study were to examine whether moderate-intense exercise in a cold environment decreases SIgA and whether adaptation to a cold environment has any effect ...
Dobnikar Uros - - 2009
Cold-induced vasodilatation (CIVD) has been proposed as a potential protective mechanism against cold injuries during exposure of extremities to a cold environment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of exercise and the associated elevation in core temperature on toe skin temperatures during immersion of the foot ...
Yamai Kazuaki - - 2009
This study investigated the influence of cycle exercise on acetone concentration in expired air and skin gas. The subjects for this experiment were eight healthy males. Subjects performed a continuous graded exercise test on a cycle ergometer. The workloads were 360 (1.0 kg), 720 (2.0 kg), 990 (2.75 kg) kgm/min, ...
Izawa Shuhei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Considering the adverse effects of exercise-induced cortisol secretion on health in athletes, it is important to determine the environmental and individual factors that contribute to the variations in exercise-induced cortisol secretion. In this study, the effects of cold environment exposure and cold acclimatization on exercise-induced salivary cortisol responses were ...
Wester T E - - 2009
Immersion pulmonary edema (IPE) is a condition with sudden onset in divers and swimmers suspected to be due to pulmonary arterial or venous hypertension induced by exercise in cold water, although it does occur even with adequate thermal protection. We tested the hypothesis that cold head immersion could facilitate IPE ...
Brändström Helge - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The ability of fingers to rapidly rewarm following cold exposure is a possible indicator of cold injury protection. We categorized the post-cooling hand-rewarming responses of men before and after participation in 15 mo of military training in a cold environment in northern Sweden to determine: 1) if the initial ...
Van Sant Matthew J - - 2008
Small mammals that are active all year must develop ways to survive the cold winters. Endotherms that experience prolonged cold exposure often increase their thermogenic capacity. Thermogenic capacity incorporates basal metabolic rate (BMR), nonshivering thermogenesis (NST), and shivering thermogenesis (ST). Increasing the capacity of any of these components will result ...
Hong Jung Hee - - 2008
To test the effect of a cold condition on metabolic substrate and possible development of muscle injuries, short track skaters (n=9) and inline skaters (n=10) took rest and submaximal cycled (65% V(.)O2max) in cold (ambient temperature: 5+/-1 degrees C, relative humidity: 41+/-8%) and warm conditions (ambient temperature: 21+/-1 degrees C, ...
Mäkinen Tiina M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Cold habituation could affect sympatho-vagal balance, which modulates cold stress responses. The study examined cardiovascular autonomic function at the sinus node level during controlled breathing and while undertaking isometric exercise during whole-body cold exposure before and after cold acclimation. METHODS: There were 10 male subjects who were exposed to ...
Lee Jason K W - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of drink temperature on cycling capacity in the heat. METHODS: On two separate trials, eight males cycled at 66 +/- 2% VO2peak (mean +/- SD) to exhaustion in hot (35.0 +/- 0.2 degrees C) and humid (60 +/- 1%) environments. Participants ingested three 300-mL aliquots ...
Valluru Ravi - - 2008
Fructans are fructose-based polymers associated with freezing tolerance. They might act directly via membrane stabilization or indirectly by stimulating alternative cryoprotectants. Fructans and fructan biosynthetic enzymes, in general, are believed to be present in the vacuole. This paper draws particular attention to the surprising presence of fructans and fructan exohydrolase ...
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