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Results 351 - 400 of 618
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Tipton M J - - 1995
Experiments were undertaken to determine whether a simple rebreathing system, termed "Air Pocket" (AP), could, when integrated into an immersion dry suit, extend the underwater survival time of individuals when compared with their maximum breath hold time (BHTmax). Eight naive healthy male subjects undertook a series of resting submersions and ...
Binder M - - 1995
BACKGROUND AND DESIGN: Epiluminescence microscopy (ELM) is a noninvasive technique that, by employing the optical phenomenon of oil immersion, makes subsurface structures of the skin accessible for in vivo examination and thus provides additional criteria for the clinical diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions. At present, almost all studies about the ...
Millqvist E - - 1995
We have tested the effect of a porous cellulose fabric face mask. Nine asthmatic patients, anamnestically sensitive to cold, took part in exercise tests on an ergometer bicycle at a temperature of approximately -10 degrees C, with and without a face mask. For comparison, exercise tests were also performed with ...
Young A J - - 1995
Metabolic and thermal adaptations resulting from endurance training in hot vs. cold water were compared. It was hypothesized that training in hot water would have greater effects on muscle glycogen use and blood lactate accumulation during exercise than training in cold water. Eighteen men exercised at 60% of maximal oxygen ...
Romanelli M - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Chronic lipodermatosclerosis is characterized by indurated skin on the medial aspect of the leg and is common around venous ulcers. The severity of induration of lipodermatosclerosis has been associated with poor ulcer healing. Clinical assessment of lipodermatosclerosis presently relies on a clinical skin severity score adapted from studies of ...
Hesselberg O - - 1995
This study was conducted in order to compare the metabolic responses of individuals exposed to long duration cold water immersion under two experimental conditions: 1) Heat loss compensated by shivering thermogenesis, and 2) heat loss compensated by intermittent periods of exercise. Nine subjects participated in two experimental trials 1) Subjects ...
Emmett J D - - 1995
Despite methodological differences in the limited number of studies reviewed, it appears that cardiovascular responses at rest and during exercise in the cold differ between patients with CAD and healthy subjects (Figures 1 and 2). This difference remains, even when attempting to control for investigation time and conditions. Typical exercise ...
Mercer J B - - 1995
The risk of accidental hypothermia is always present in persons living at high latitudes, with cold water immersion representing the most extreme challenge. While most of the effort concerned with protection against cold exposure has involved finding ways of decreasing heat loss by improving insulation some attempts have been made ...
Havenith G - - 1995
When a person is exposed to cold and his metabolic rate is insufficient to maintain a positive or neutral heat balance, the body will cool down. For the extremities this will result in a drastic reduction of blood flow, resulting in a so called "physiological amputation" with extremity cooling towards ...
Latvala J J - - 1995
Recent investigations have shown that the prevalence of bronchial asthma is higher among skiers exposed to cold and dry air than among nonskiers. The upper airway passages are responsible for warming and humidifying the inhaled air. During exercise in cold and dry air, warming and humidifying of the inhaled air ...
Oksa J - - 1995
The capability of the human organism to work or exercise comprises of several components of physical performance capacity: endurance, power, force production, velocity, flexibility and co-ordination. Working in cold environments where it is possible that the temperature of the body, either superficial or core, decrease, the above mentioned components may ...
Holleran W M - - 1995
Sphingolipids, the predominant lipid species in mammalian stratum corneum play, a central role in permeability barrier homeostatis. Prior studies have shown that the epidermis synthesizes abundant sphingolipids, a process regulated by barrier requirements, and that inhibition of sphingolipid synthesis interferes with barrier homeostasis. To investigate further the relationship between epidermal ...
Walsh J T - - 1995
Many patients with angina note that their symptoms deteriorate in cold weather, although the precise physiological mechanism that explains this remains unclear. Exposure of the face to cool winds may be a contributory factor. The cardiovascular and hormonal response to a localised stream of room (22 degrees C) and cold ...
Reinberg A E - - 1995
The forearm skin penetration of hydrophilic methyl nicotinate (MN) and lipophilic hexyl nicotinate (HN) was assessed around the clock. The sixteen healthy women (median age: 22 years, weight: 57 kg and height: 162 cm) who volunteered for the study were synchronized with a diurnal activity from 07.00h (+/- 1h) to ...
Savourey G - - 1995
The aim of this study was to clarify the relationships between acute mountain sickness (AMS), studied during an expedition in the Andes, and some physiological parameters determined before the expedition, i.e. biometrical characteristics of the subjects [maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), body fat content, body mass index], functional pulmonary tests (forced ...
Dodds P A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The exact mechanism that explains the phenomenon of cold intolerance in patients with angina remains controversial. Although the response to the effects of a cold environment has been examined in these patients, their response to cold air inhalation has produced conflicting results. In addition, the possible role of vasoactive ...
Vornanen M - - 1994
Myosin heavy chain isoforms of the ventricular myocardium from crucian carp (Carassius carassius L.) hearts were analyzed in different times of the year by gradient sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis [K. A. Esser, M. O. Boluyt, and T. P. White, Am. J. Physiol. 255 (Heart Circ. Physiol. 24): H659-H663, 1988]. ...
Shechtman O - - 1994
Two groups of adult (12-mo-old) and two groups of aged (24-mo-old) C57BL/6J male mice were subjected to a standardized cold stress test (3-h partial restraint at 6 degrees C). One group from each age group was tested in the morning, and the other was tested in the afternoon. Half of ...
Pétersen C L - - 1994
This study was designed to determine the influence of cold-air inhalation on regional myocardial perfusion in patients with ischemic heart disease. A selected group of vasoactive hormones was measured to investigate their possible roles as ischemic agents. Ten men who had recently had a myocardial infarction and anginal symptoms and ...
Krien P M - - 1994
The trans to cis photoisomerization of urocanic acid (UCA) in skin is considered to play an important role in the mechanism of immunosuppression. We have investigated the effects of skin type and various sunscreens with low sun protection factor (SPF) on the UV-induced cis-UCA formation in human skin after exposure ...
Roberts D E - - 1994
This study examined the effects of acute and chronic pyridostigmine bromide (PB) administration on thermoregulatory and metabolic responses to exercise in cold air (5 degrees C). Seven healthy men completed two 7-day trials in a double-blind, crossover experimental design: during one trial they received PB (30 mg three times daily) ...
Janal M N - - 1994
Anecdotal and clinical reports suggest that athletes are stoical. However, there are few studies comparing persons who exercise regularly with those who do not. This study compared two independent samples of regular runners and normally active controls, both without recent exercise, on cold pressor, cutaneous heat, and tourniquet ischemic pain ...
Jackson C E - - 1994
The diagnosis of paramyotonia congenita (PC) can be aided by demonstrating a decrease in compound motor action potential amplitude after exercise and a decrement on repetitive stimulation, following cold exposure. We report a patient with PC who presented with complaints of cold-induced hand and jaw stiffening, in the absence of ...
Mano T - - 1994
The author reviewed in this paper current microneurographic findings on the responses of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and skin sympathetic nerve activity (SSNA) to the environment in humans with special reference to vibration-induced white finger (VWF). 1) MSNA was enhanced by +Gz gravitational input, while being suppressed by simulated ...
Li X - - 1994
The work described in this paper investigated the effects of two types of clothing, leaving the legs covered or uncovered, on seasonal cold acclimation in women. Experiments were carried out to observe the different thermal physiological responses between two groups of subjects, who dressed themselves in knee-length skirts or trousers ...
Anderson D E - - 1994
The influence of caffeine on the metabolic and catecholamine responses to mild exercise in a cold and a warm environment was studied in eight healthy males. The subjects performed 60 min of cycling at 50% VO2max in a cold environment (5 degrees C and 70% relative humidity) and a warm ...
Xu S H - - 1994
Qigong as a part of the traditional Chinese medicine is similar to western "meditation", Indian "Yoga" or Japanese "Zen", which can all be included in the category of traditional psychotherapy. A series of physiological and psychological effects occur in the course of Qigong training, but inappropriate training can lead to ...
Hudson-Peacock M J - - 1994
An in vitro technique was used to measure the monochromatic protection factors of all emollients available on prescription. The action spectra for ultraviolet erythema and erythema in psoralen-sensitized skin were used to calculate, for each emollient, erythema protection factors relevant to UVB phototherapy and psoralen photochemotherapy, respectively. Of the 40 ...
Grassi W - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of cold exposure on microvascular permeability in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Thirteen patients with SSc were studied by dynamic fluorescence videomicroscopy under basal conditions and after exposure to cold. RESULTS: Exposure to cold caused a significant reduction in the interstitial concentration of sodium fluorescein (P ...
Lowe P M - - 1994
A multicentre clinical trial has been conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of tretinoin 0.05% cream (Retin-A) in the treatment of photo-damaged Australian skin. Subjects with cutaneous facial photodamage were randomised to treatment with tretinoin (62) or vehicle (63) cream. After an initial two week run-in, all subjects applied ...
Angel M F - - 1994
We have previously reported that hyberbaric oxygen (HBO) improved the survival rate of experimental free flaps. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of combined hypothermia and HBO administered during storage on free flaps and on the xanthine oxidase system in rats. Epigastric skin flaps were stored ...
Nishimura M - - 1994
Transdermal absorption of tacalcitol from the ointment containing 2 micrograms/g was studied using hairless rat and human skin. In the animal experiments, a non-negligible amount of tacalcitol was absorbed transdermally, whereas in the case of human skin, this compound was hardly absorbed at all. A placebo-controlled double-blind right/left comparison confirmed ...
Saunders D K - - 1994
Birds are excellent endurance athletes. Not only do many birds undertake long migratory flights, but many do so under extreme environmental conditions: excessive heat, extreme cold, and the hypoxic conditions of high altitude. We are just now starting to understand the physiological adaptations these animals possess for surviving and thriving ...
Falk B - - 1994
The aim of this study was to determine whether age-related differences in the response to cold exposure are due to aging per se or are caused by a reduced maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) often observed with aging. Three groups of men, 8 young adults (YA), 8 well-trained seniors (TS), and ...
Kuchiwaki H H Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, - - 1994
We investigated the relationship between the changes of the electroencephalogram (EEG) and concentration of amino acids (AAs) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) using a model of cold brain injury. A cold injury was made over the motor area of anesthetized adult cats (n = 45). The AAs in CSF from cisterna ...
Lübbe A S - - 1993
During cancer chemotherapy physical manipulation of skin perfusion by hyperthermia can limit therapeutic efficacy. Because it is important to know microcirculatory responses to those forms of treatment, we used the ear of the lightly or not at all anesthetized nude mouse (rnü/rnü). To test, if whole body hyperthermia (WBH) and ...
Baron R - - 1993
Under normal conditions acute stimulation and sensitization of polymodal nociceptive C-fibres cause pain and, due to afferent axon reflex activation, a local skin vasodilatation, flare reaction and skin temperature increase. Two questions arise: (i) Do sensitized C-nociceptors signal allodynia in chronic postherpetic neuralgia? (ii) If not, does ongoing peripheral nociceptive ...
Wright J T - - 1993
The inversa subtype of autosomal recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (EBDR-I) is a rare variant characterized by lesions involving primarily the flexural areas of the body. The purpose of this investigation was to characterize the oral manifestations of this unusual dermatologic condition. Ten individuals having EBDR-I were evaluated and compared with ...
Shephard R J - - 1993
Metabolic adaptations to exercise in a cold environment include the liberation of heat by vigorous physical activity, shivering and various forms of nonshivering thermogenesis. During a single exposure to cold the main metabolic fuel is glycogen; however, repeated bouts of exercise in the cold also result in an increase in ...
Capurro M A - - 1993
The dimensional stability of different thermoplasticized gutta-percha fillings was analyzed using simulated glass canals. For comparison, gutta-percha fillings obtained with the cold lateral condensation technique was used. The evaluation was done at 0 min, 2 min, 5 min, and 30 min after the filling was completed. The general analysis showed ...
Hirshowitz B - - 1993
A skin-stretching device that is designed to harness the viscoelastic properties of the skin using incremental traction is presented as an addition to the surgeon's armamentarium. It has proved to be of value in helping to close problematic areas of skin shortage which would otherwise have required more complicated procedures ...
Ingram A J - - 1993
A white spirit/naphtha, three kerosines, two gas oils and a catalytically cracked light cycle oil (LCO) were applied topically to mice, three times a week for up to 6 weeks, and skin changes were examined histopathologically at intervals. The changes within 1 week of treatment appeared to depend on the ...
Reid G M - - 1993
Reid found selenium (Se) deficient soils were a common factor in two populations with the highest incidence of SIDS world-wide (Indian population of King County Washington State, USA and the population of Canterbury, New Zealand). Reid compared a map of the selenium responsive livestock areas in New Zealand with areas ...
Rees M J - - 1993
The light we observe from the most distant known quasars set out when the Universe was about 200 times denser than it is now and less than one-tenth of its present age. The existence of these objects implies that galaxy formation had already, at that early epoch, proceeded to the ...
Briner W W WW - - 1993
There are several allergic responses that may occur in susceptible individuals as a result of exposure to physical stimuli. Most of these conditions are mediated by vasoactive substances and usually result in symptoms of urticaria and/or angioedema. There are 2 such conditions that may occur as a direct result from ...
Lin R Y - - 1993
A 33-year-old Chinese woman with exercise-induced anaphylaxis after ingesting Chinese seafood noodle soup, was studied for skin test reactivity to food, histamine, and codeine. Prick skin tests were negative for shrimp, wheat, and chicken soup base, but were positive at 5 to 6 mm (wheal diameter) to the whole broth ...
Beeley J M - - 1993
Significant health hazards to the traveller arise from altitude, heat, cold and water. Altitude-induced illness encompasses the benign but common syndrome of acute mountain sickness and also life-threatening pulmonary and cerebral oedema; inadequate acclimatization and rapid ascent are important precipitating factors in each case. Prophylaxis and up to date choices ...
Spence D P - - 1993
Cold air may worsen asthmatic bronchoconstriction but can lessen breathlessness in normal individuals. Patients with COPD sometimes report improvement in their dyspnea in cold weather. We examined the effect of breathing cold air on exercise tolerance and the perception of breathlessness in 19 patients with stable COPD (age [+/- SD], ...
Morita T - - 1993
1. Effects of moderate hypercapnia (10% CO2) on rectal temperature, oxygen consumption and body weight loss were examined during and after acute hypothermia induced by cold and helium-oxygen. 2. Hypothermia induction time was reduced significantly by hypercapnia. Rewarming tended to be faster in hypercapnic animals than in normocapnic animals. 3. ...
Bandopadhyay P - - 1993
Effects of acute exposure and acclimatisation to cold stress on respiratory functions were investigated in healthy tropical Indian men (n = 10). Initial baseline recordings were carried out at Delhi and thereafter serially thrice at the arctic region and once on return to Delhi. For comparison the respiratory functions were ...
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