Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 621
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Salafsky B - - 1998
The effect of skin application of N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) on the penetration and migration behavior of cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni was evaluated in vitro and in vivo in a mouse model. These studies showed that DEET at concentrations of 7.5% or higher was 100% effective in immobilizing and killing cercariae of ...
Koskela H - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To clarify the effect of cold air on exercise capacity in COPD. DESIGN: Cycle ergometer tests under different environmental conditions. SETTING: Pulmonary function laboratory and an environmental chamber at a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen patients with stable COPD; 14 completed the study. INTERVENTIONS: A preliminary cycle ergometer test ...
Ludewig T - - 1998
Glomus organs (Hoyer-Grosser's organs) were frequently found in the corium and the subcutis of the skin of the equine and bovine mammary gland. They were most frequently situated in the border zone between the stratum profundum and the stratum superficiale corii. These specialized vascular structures (arterio-venous anastomosis) were present in ...
Armstrong D W DW - - 1998
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure resting metabolic rate, plasma norepinephrine, and plasma immunoreactive beta endorphin during exposures to cold air during two consecutive 5-d periods, separated by 2 weekend days, in two groups of women differing in aerobic fitness. METHODS: Plasma norepinephrine (NE), plasma immunoreactive beta-endorphin ...
Chiara T - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a cold bath (24 degrees C) on oxygen consumption and perceived exertion during ambulation and on spasticity in individuals with mild to moderate multiple sclerosis. DESIGN: A repeated-measures design with random assignment of experimental and control conditions. SETTING: Outpatient physical therapy department associated with ...
Tsunoda K - - 1998
An 86-year-old man was referred by his family physician to our clinic because of sudden onset aphonia immediately after a Japanese-style bath. On examination, the only abnormality was aphonia, with an otherwise normal physical examination. However, we found vocal fold oedema on laryngeal fibrescopy. For treatment, he was immediately given ...
Midttun M - - 1998
In 10 healthy subjects, skin blood flow rate was measured in the thumb pulp by the heat-washout method, and in the skin fold between the thumb and the forefinger by the 133Xe-washout method. The former but not the latter skin area contains arteriovenous anastomoses (AVAs). In response to 10 min ...
Dobrev H - - 1998
A non-invasive, in vivo suction device was used to investigate the mechanical properties of the skin in a patient with scleredema of Buschke. Clinical scoring of skin induration and measurements of skin elasticity were performed over 9 anatomic regions on admission and after 3 (on discharge), 17 and 28 months. ...
Sandsund M - - 1998
The effects of whole-body exposure to ambient temperatures of -15 degrees C and 23 degrees C on selected performance-related physiological variables were investigated in elite nonasthmatic cross-country skiers. At an ambient temperature of -15 degrees C we also studied the effects of the selective beta2-adrenergic agonist Salbutamol (0.4 mg x ...
Mortola J P - - 1998
In many mammals the ventilatory response to hypoxia depends on ambient temperature (Ta), largely because of the hypometabolic effects of hypoxia below thermoneutrality. We questioned whether the ventilatory response to asphyxia also depends upon Ta, and the role played by metabolism and body temperature (Tb). Oxygen consumption (VO2) and pulmonary ...
Paludan-Müller C - - 1998
The microflora on spoiled cold-smoked salmon often consists of a mixture of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and Gram-negative bacteria. To elucidate the role of the different groups, a storage trial was carried out in which nisin and CO2 were used for the selective inhibition of the two bacterial groups. The ...
Weller A S - - 1998
In a previous study, rectal temperature (Tre) was found to be lower, and oxygen consumption (VO2) and the respiratory exchange ratio (R) were higher in a cold (+5 degrees C), wet and windy environment (COLD), compared with a thermoneutral environment during intermittent walking at approximately 30% of peak VO2 (Weller ...
Reid M S - - 1998
The present study examined whether the active component in tobacco, nicotine, can modulate cocaine craving in patients with a history of smoking crack cocaine when exposed to crack cocaine related environmental cues. Twenty patients, all cigarette smokers, were randomly assigned to nicotine (two 22 mg transdermal patches) or placebo in ...
Wester R C - - 1998
PURPOSE: For decades, human cadaver skin has been banked and utilized by hospitals for burn wounds and to study percutaneous absorption and transdermal delivery. Skin storage maintenance and confirmation of skin viability is important for both uses, especially for the absorption process where the in vivo situation is simulated. METHODS: ...
O'Brien C - - 1998
This study examined the effects of hypohydration on thermoregulation during cold exposure. In addition, the independent influences of hypohydration-associated hypertonicity and hypovolemia were investigated. Nine male volunteers were monitored for 30 min at 25 degrees C, then for 120 min at 7 degrees C, under three counterbalanced conditions: euhydration (Eu), ...
Tominaga Y - - 1997
Using 18 healthy volunteers, we attempted to fit the heart rate response to a decremental oscillation curve by the least-squares method following facial immersion into cold water. The decremental oscillation equation was as follows: HR = alpha.e(-betat) sin omegat + gamma, where HR is the instantaneous heart rate at t ...
Shefer V I - - 1997
We studied the effect of exercise training in cold environment (six weeks of daily, one-hour runs on a treadmill at ambient temperature of 6 +/- 1 degrees C at 60-65% of VO2max) on cold-induced metabolic heat production, heat loss, and cold tolerance in adult and aged C57BL/6J male mice. In ...
Olsen E A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The ability of topical tretinoin to improve certain signs of skin photodamage has been shown previously. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to assess the effectiveness of tretinoin emollient cream in maintaining or further improving photodamaged skin during extended use. METHODS: Photodamaged subjects who completed 24 weeks of once-daily use of ...
Thibodeau E A - - 1997
Previous methods for evaluating the color of oral epithelial tissues have relied primarily on subjective indices and interpretation. In this study, a narrow-band reflectance spectrophotometer was used to measure melanin and hemoglobin pigmentation in the lips and skin of individuals who self-reported their skin type from a choice of white, ...
Weller A S - - 1997
In a previous study [Am. J. Physiol. 272 (Regulatory Integrative Comp. Physiol. 41): R226-R233, 1997], the physiological responses to 240 min of intermittent low-intensity walking exercise in a cold (+5 degrees C), wet, and windy environment (Cold) may have been influenced by a 120-min preceding phase of intermittent higher-intensity exercise. ...
Rashed H M - - 1997
The modulation of cardiovascular responses to the cold pressor test (CPT) as produced by exercise was studied in 13 volunteers. The reproducibility of the measurements selected for the study, i.e. heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), blood flow (BF) and skin temperature (ST), was investigated through repeat experiments in the ...
Wu P C - - 1997
Transdermal patches were developed and evaluated for two synthetic derivatives of capsaicin, nonivamide (NVA) and sodium nonivamide acetate (SNA), by in vitro and in vivo skin permeation. The designed system was essentially based on natural rubber or polymeric Gelva dispersion. The characterization of physicochemical properties of the patches showed adequate ...
Murata K - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to clarify the autonomic, central and peripheral nervous effects of vibrating-tool operation. METHODS: The ECG R-R interval variability (CVRR), including the C-CVHF, C-CVLF (two component CVs of the CVRR reflecting parasympathetic and sympathetic activities, respectively) and the power spectral densities (PSDHF and PSDLF) ...
Sendowski I - - 1997
To study the physiological responses induced by immersing in cold water various areas of the upper limb, 20 subjects immersed either the index finger (T1), hand (T2) or forearm and hand (T3) for 30 min in 5 degrees C water followed by a 15-min recovery period. Skin temperature of the ...
Weller A S - - 1997
The potentially deleterious influence of body cooling on the thermoregulatory and metabolic responses to prolonged walking exercise has not been established. To address this problem, 10 men completed a 6-h intermittent (15 min rest, 45 min exercise) walking protocol in a thermoneutral (+15 degrees C) condition (Neutral) and a cold ...
Cui J - - 1996
To observe the effects of caloric vestibular stimulation on muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in humans, 14 healthy volunteers were monitored in a supine position by electrocardiogram (ECG), blood pressure (BP), electro-oculogram (EOG). MSNA was monitored by a double recording technique of microneurography from the bilateral tibial nerves. Caloric vestibular ...
Lee R D - - 1996
Physiological structures associated with iontophoretic paths in hairless mouse skin and two cultured skin models ("EpiDerm" by Mattek, Corp., and "SKIN2" by Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.) are reported. Visualization of ionic paths at current densities between 20 and 100 microA/ cm2 is accomplished by the counterdirectional transport of Fe(CN)6(4-) and ...
Hester P Y - - 1996
A selected line of White Leghorns that has shown improved survivability and productivity and reduced feather loss in multiple-hen cages was evaluated for hematological and adrenal responses under both stressed and unstressed conditions. It was hypothesized that hens selected for adaptation to multiple-bird cages would react less intensely to stressors. ...
Maloney S K - - 1996
1. We measured body core and scrotal temperatures (Tbody and Tscrotum, respectively) of rams during 5 h of hot (40 degrees C) and cold (6 degrees C) exposure, for 6 h following intravenous injections of saline (0.9% NaCl) or 0.4 micrograms kg-1 of the purified lipopolysaccharide endotoxin of Salmonella typhosa ...
Koskela H O - - 1996
To clarify how cold weather may induce bronchoconstriction in patients with COPD, a series of challenges were performed in 20 patients with COPD in stable condition as well as in 13 healthy subjects. A whole-body exposure to -17 degrees C during resting nasal breathing was performed to study the reflex ...
Thompson R L - - 1996
Simulated conditions of hiking in rain, wind, and cold, without protective rainwear, were used to investigate wet-cold hypothermia in 18 male subjects. Thermal, metabolic, and motor responses were monitored during an attempted 5-h walk (5.1 km/h) at 5 degrees C, with continuous exposure to rain (7.4 cm/h) and wind (8.0 ...
Swenson C - - 1996
The use of cryotherapy, i.e. the application of cold for the treatment of injury or disease, is widespread in sports medicine today. It is an established method when treating acute soft tissue injuries, but there is a discrepancy between the scientific basis for cryotherapy and clinical studies. Various methods such ...
Darsow U - - 1996
Correlations between the skin reactions wheal and flare and the subjectively reported degree of itch were investigated in response to 1% histamine, intradermally applied by standardized skin prick and by iontophoresis. Experiments were performed with 15 male volunteers using a threefold repeated measures design (skin prick, and iontophoresis with 0.13 ...
Hemilä H - - 1996
Several studies have observed an increased risk of respiratory infections in subjects doing heavy physical exercise. Vitamin C has been shown to affect some parts of the immune system, and accordingly it seems biologically conceivable that it could have effects on the increased incidence of respiratory infections caused by heavy ...
Chatterton R T RT - - 1996
This investigation was designed to evaluate the production rates and concentrations of salivary alpha-amylase as a measure of adrenergic activity under several conditions of stress in human subjects. Saliva and blood samples were simultaneously collected from men at four 15 min intervals both before and after regimens for exercise, a ...
de fine Olivarius F - - 1996
Urocanic acid (UCA), present in the stratum corneum, is a major absorber of ultraviolet (UV) radiation and, on UV exposure, is induced to isomerize from the naturally occurring trans-isomer to the cis-isomer. Cis-UCA has been shown to have immunosuppressive properties, while trans-UCA may act as a natural sunscreen due to ...
Meigal A Y - - 1996
Electromyograms (EMGs) were recorded from both deltoid muscles (DMs) when subjects were sitting, standing, and bending the head laterally at different cold sensations to clarify the role of head and body positions in the thermoregulatory tonus. At room temperature (22 degrees C), neither EMG related to thermoregulatory muscle tonus (TMT) ...
Fai F Y - - 1996
The Singapore Armed Forces currently uses the 75% DEET formulation insect repellent. To study the perception, use, and acceptability of this insect repellent, a survey was carried out on servicemen who had participated in field exercises. Although over 80% of the servicemen knew the proper use of the insect repellent ...
Savourey G - - 1996
To study relationships between local cold adaptation of the lower limbs and general cold adaptation, eight subjects were submitted both to a cold foot test (CFT, 5 degrees C water immersion, 5 min) and to a whole-body standard cold air test (SCAT, 1 degree C, 2 h, nude at rest) ...
Schaefer V I - - 1996
In order to ascertain the effect of aging on cross-adaptation between exercise training and cold tolerance, we studied cold tolerance in adult and old C57BL/6J male mice before and after 6 weeks of an exercise regimen of moderate intensity. There were two age groups of 32 mice each, including 12-month-old ...
Singh S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Patients often tell about reduced effectiveness of topical steroids on repeated use. Tachyphylaxis to these agents has been demonstrated in humans for vasoconstriction and histamine-induced wheal suppression in normal skin, but not in diseased skin. Relevance of these data to diseased skin is not clear. Further, the clinical impression ...
Kucharczyk D - - 1996
Cold shock (2 degrees C) lasting for 45 or 60 min was applied to eggs from bream (Abramis brama), beginning at 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 min after fertilization. The lowest survival rate was observed in those groups treated in which a cold shock started at 4 ...
Bovenzi M - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the local and central pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the acute effects of unilateral vibration on the digital circulation of healthy men. METHODS: Finger blood flow (FBF) and finger skin temperature (FST) in thermoneutral conditions, and the percentage change in finger systolic pressure (FSP%) after local cooling from ...
Lodén M - - 1995
Techniques for the assessment of skin hydration are often based on the electrical properties of the stratum corneum. A commonly used instrument for measurements of skin moisture is the corneometer, which detects changes in the dielectric constant of the material in contact with the probe. It has been suggested that ...
Kalia Y N - - 1995
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to investigate the impedance properties of human skin in vivo and to examine the effect of iontophoresis upon them. METHODS: Having established the intra- and inter-individual variation in basal values of skin impedance, the effect of varying iontophoretic current density, ionic strength and ...
Fischer A R - - 1995
The leukotrienes are known bronchoactive agonists with potential proinflammatory effects that may be involved in mediating airway hyperresponsiveness. We investigated the effects of zileuton, an inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), on airway responsiveness to cold, dry air in patients with moderate asthma. A group of 10 asthmatic patients underwent cold, dry ...
Dicker A - - 1995
Biochemical evidence from in vitro studies of brown adipose tissue in Syrian hamsters indicates a significant degree of recruitment of the tissue as an effect of cold acclimation. However, earlier in vivo studies indicate a lack of recruitment of nonshivering thermogenesis in the intact animal as a result of cold ...
Giesbrecht G G - - 1995
Acute or chronic cold exposure elicits several effects on the respiratory system. Pulmonary mechanics are compromised by bronchoconstriction, airway congestion, secretions and decreased mucociliary clearance. These responses are active in cold- or exercise-induced asthma, and are possibly responsible for decreased immune function and protection against airborne pollutants. The primary ventilatory ...
Sinclair D G - - 1995
The aim of this study was to determine whether the addition of cold, dry, inspired air to maximum heart rate (MHR) exercise increased the number of subjects demonstrating abnormal airway narrowing, when applied to symptom-free army recruits with a history of asthma in childhood. One hundred recruits with a history ...
Naclerio R M - - 1995
Ten subjects with a history of cold air-induced nasal symptoms participated in a randomized two-period crossover study to evaluate the occurrence and magnitude of the reaction induced by inhalation and exhalation of cold dry air through the nose. The protocol involved breathing of either warm moist or cold dry air ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >