Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 617
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Li Lin-feng - - 2002
Contact hypersensitivity (CHS) in hand dermatitis (HD) was studied by patch testing (PT) 105 consecutive adult HD patients and 361 cases of suspected non-hand allergic contact dermatitis (NHD). The suspected offending agents were also investigated by a questionnaire. Age and sex distribution was no different between the 2 groups. The ...
Walsh Neil P - - 2002
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of a prolonged bout of exercise in freezing cold conditions on saliva immunoglobulin A (s-IgA) responses in endurance-trained males. METHODS: Using a randomized cross-over design, 15 trained male cyclists cycled for 2 h on a stationary ergometer at ...
Juneau Martin - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Cold exposure decreases ischemic threshold in patients with coronary artery disease and preserved left ventricle (LV) function. The impact of cold exposure and the effect of acute angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy on maximal exercise capacity have not been studied in patients with symptomatic congestive heart failure. METHODS AND ...
Davis M S - - 2002
In human subjects that exercise strenuously in cold weather, there is evidence that hyperventilation with cold air leads to peripheral airway cooling, desiccation and mucosal injury. Our hypothesis was that hyperventilation with cold air can result in penetration of unconditioned air (air that is not completely warmed and humidified) into ...
Ansart A - - 2002
The land snail Helix aspersa can be considered partially tolerant to freezing, in the sense it can survive some ice formation within its body for a limited time, and possesses a limited ability to supercool. This study aimed at understanding what factors are responsible for the variation of the temperature ...
Ii M - - 2002
Exercise-induced anaphylaxis (EIA) is a form of physical urticaria that is induced by exercise. A 16-year-old Japanese boy had a 4-year history of recurrent wealing and dyspnoea after physical exercise such as jogging, playing handball or riding a bicycle in winter. The episodes were not associated with ingestion of foods ...
Mylona E - - 2002
Previous research has linked exercise under unfavourable environmental conditions to decreased concentration and/or secretion rate of secretory immunoglobulin A (s-IgA). The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of moderate exercise in a thermoneutral (TN) and a cold (COLD) environment on the concentration of s-IgA and the secretion ...
Jammes Yves - - 2002
Numerous observations have shown that breathing cold air causes bronchospasm and increases respiratory tract secretions in asthmatic patients and normal individuals. However, few studies have been conducted on the respiratory effects of protracted daily exposures to a cold environment. In this 1-yr study, the authors examined individuals who spent 6 ...
Watson Adrian - - 2002
Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) describes the total amount of water lost through the skin, a loss that occurs constantly by passive diffusion through the epidermis. Although TEWL is a normal physiological phenomenon, if it rises too high, the skin can become dehydrated, disrupting form and function and potentially leading to ...
Kondo Shigeru - - 2002
How do animals acquire their various skin patterns? Although this question may seem easy, in fact it is very difficult to answer. The problem is that most animals have no related structures under the skin; therefore, the skin cells must form the patterns without the support of a prepattern. Recent ...
Parker John M - - 2002
An investigation was conducted to determine the cause of morbidity and mortality in a collection of 55 adult male Xenopus (Silurana) tropicalis at the University of California, Berkeley. More than 80% of affected frogs died during the epizootic. All frogs were anorectic and lethargic, had dark pigmentation and excess skin ...
Castellani John W - - 2002
BACKGROUND: After several days of exhaustive exercise in mild-warm environments, cutaneous vasoconstrictor responses to cold exposure are less effective in conserving body heat than in the rested condition. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axes hormones could mediate this response since they may affect vasoconstriction. The effects of exertional fatigue on pituitary-adrenal hormones ...
Uchida Masaki - - 2002
A microparticulate bombardment system loaded with DNA- and RNA-coated gold and tungsten microparticles (diameter 1-3 microm; density about 19 g cm(-3)), the Helios gene gun system (Helios gun system), has been used to deliver a gene into cells by accelerating the microparticles to high velocity using a supersonic flow of ...
Helenius I - - 2002
Exercise-induced changes in postexercise pulmonary function have not been studied in healthy elite athletes in normal training conditions. Twelve healthy elite runners volunteered. They showed normal resting spirometry and bronchial responsiveness to histamine, and were non-atopic. They performed free running exercise challenge tests (ECT) at subzero temperature and immediately after ...
De Lima Jader A - - 2002
A constant-current stimulator for high-impedance loads using only low-cost standard high-voltage components is presented. A voltage-regulator powers an oscillator built across the primary of a step-up transformer whose secondary supplies, after rectification, the high voltage to a switched current-mirror in the driving stage. Adjusting the regulated voltage controls the pulsed-current ...
Sogabe Yoko - - 2002
Both transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and skin surface high-frequency conductance are functions of the skin barrier. Systemic sclerosis (SSc) and hypertrophic scar (HS)/keloid are characterized by abnormal fibrotic changes in the dermis. Since the close interrelationship between the epidermis and the dermis has been well established, we analyzed the stratum ...
Ivanov A G - - 2002
The potential of photosynthesis to recover from winter stress was studied by following the thermoluminescence (TL) and chlorophyll fluorescence changes of winter pine needles during the exposure to room temperature (20 degrees C) and an irradiance of 100 micromol m(-2) s(-1). TL measurements of photosystem II (PSII) revealed that the ...
Lee S-U - - 2002
Before-After trial measured prior to cold air therapy, immediately following, after 30 and 60 min. To determine the effect of cold air therapy in relieving spasticity, the optimal intramuscular temperature, and the duration of spasticity relief attained by cold air therapy. Clinical research laboratory, Seoul, Korea. Forty-six spastic paraplegic rabbits ...
Tikuisis P - - 2002
An important component of survival time during cold exposure is shivering endurance. Nine male and three female healthy and fit subjects [mean (SD) age 24.8 (6.3) years, body mass 71.7 (13.2) kg, height 1.75 (0.10) m, body fat 22.7 (7.4)%] were immersed to the upper chest level in cold water ...
Chang Peng Fei - - 2002
To explore the effects of tonic cold pain in man, the pain rating (intensity and distress), skin temperature, and continuous EEG recording were conducted before, during, and after cold pressor test (CPT) in 15 young healthy males. The acquired electroencephalogram (EEG) data was analysed in four ways: (1) comparison of ...
Zhai Hongbo - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Prolonged skin occlusion increases stratum corneum water content and often increases skin permeability and irritant dermatitis. As skin wetness from wearing diapers is considered an important factor favouring the onset of diaper dermatitis, optimal diapering might decrease skin hyperhydration and dermatitis. Our aim is to define the quantitative relationship ...
Grant Stanley J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To help the Mountain Rescue Association of Scotland find the best protective mountain rescue casualty bag in cold and windy conditions. The study investigated how 3 different casualty bags (labeled Bag 1, Bag 2, and Bag 3) performed in a cold (-10 degrees C, dry bulb), windy (wind speed ...
Hill Helene Z - - 2002
A patient is described whose foolish sunbathing practices during adolescence predisposed her to an intense and unpleasant skin reaction during the course of radiation therapy approximately 50 years later. The phenomenon suggests that solar-induced changes in the skin can persist over a very long period of time and emphasizes the ...
Berrang M E - - 2001
Three sets of experiments were conducted to explore the increase in recovery of Campylobacter from broiler carcasses after defeathering. In the first set of experiments, live broilers obtained from a commercial processor were transported to a pilot plant, and breast skin was sampled by a sponge wipe method before and ...
Castellani J W - - 2001
A cold strain index (CSI) based on rectal (T(re)) and mean skin temperatures ((sk)) using data from seminude resting subjects has been proposed (Moran DS, Castellani JW, O'Brien C, Young AJ, and Pandolf KB. Am J Physiol Regulatory Integrative Comp Physiol 277: R556-R564, 1999). The current study determined whether CSI ...
Jöbsis R Q - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in exhaled air condensate is elevated in inflammatory disorders of the lower respiratory tract. It is unknown whether viral colds contribute to exhaled H2O2. AIM: To assess exhaled H2O2 during and after a common cold. METHODS: We examined H2O2 in the breath condensate of 20 normal ...
Parneix-Spake A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The emollient base of a topical corticosteroid, through its moisturizing properties, can be a useful treatment adjunct. OBJECTIVE: To compare the healing properties of Eumovate trade mark (clobetasone butyrate) 0.05% cream with its emollient base, hydrocortisone 1% cream and with no treatment. METHODS: A single-centre, double-blind, intra-individual, comparative study ...
Claudy A - - 2001
Cold urticaria is one form of urticaria that may be associated with other forms of physical urticarias. Frequency is generally estimated at two or three per 100. The triggering effect of cold is found at history taking in most of the cases. The urticaria is usually superficial, and more rarely ...
Stocks J M - - 2001
This project examined the effects of repeated, resting cold-water immersion on metabolic heat production and core temperature defence during subsequent rest and exercising immersions. Seven males undertook 15 days of cold-water adaptation, immersed to the fourth intercostal space, with cold-water stress tests (CWST) on days 1, 8 and 15 (18.1 ...
Tsai J C - - 2001
The permeability of compromised skin barrier was investigated in vitro using acetone-disrupted hairless mouse skin as a model membrane. The effect of compound lipophilicity was studied using sucrose, caffeine, hydrocortisone, estradiol, and progesterone as model compounds. The results demonstrated that permeability barrier disruption by acetone treatment significantly enhanced the permeability ...
Hamilton K L - - 2001
We examined the effects of 3 days of exercise in a cold environment on the expression of left ventricular (LV) heat shock proteins (HSPs) and contractile performance during in vivo ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the following three groups (n = 12/group): 1) control, 2) exercise (60 min/day) ...
Lindsell C J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To compare alternative methods of interpreting the response of finger skin temperature (FST) to cold provocation for the detection of the abnormal cold response observed in vibration-induced white finger (VWF). METHOD: The FST response to cold provocation was measured in 36 male subjects: 12 office workers, 12 manual workers ...
Rhind S G - - 2001
This study tested the hypothesis that exercise elicits monocytic cytokine expression and that prolonged cold exposure modulates such responses. Nine men (age, 24.6 +/- 3.8 y; VO(2 peak), 56.8 +/- 5.6 ml. kg(-1). min(-1)) completed 7 days of exhausting exercise (aerobic, anaerobic, resistive) and underwent three cold, wet exposures (CW). ...
Chilcott R P - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to develop a method for habituating pigs (Sus scrofa domestica, middle white strain) to enable non-invasive, biophysical measurements of dorsal skin to be obtained on a daily basis over a 7-week period, thus eliminating the need for anaesthesia or restraint. This was accomplished by ...
Popov V N - - 2001
We have investigated the influence of stress conditions such as incubation at 4 degrees C and incubation in hyperoxygen atmosphere, on plant tissues. The ubiquinone (Q) content and respiratory activity of purified mitochondria was studied. The rate of respiration of mitochondria isolated from cold-treated green bell peppers (Capsicum annuum L) ...
Baretti R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Cold continuous antegrade blood cardioplegia (CCABCP) is used with different hematocrit values. We investigated the consequences of CCABCP with low hematocrit (LH: 20-25%) versus high hematocrit (HH: 40-45%). METHODS: Anesthetized open chest pigs (25 kg) were placed on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The hearts were arrested for 30 min by ...
Leroi F - - 2001
AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess the relationships between the remaining shelf-life (RSL) of cold-smoked salmon and various microbiological and physico-chemical parameters, using a multivariate data analysis in the form of stepwise forward multiple regression. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirteen batches of French cold-smoked salmon were analysed weekly ...
Kovtoun L T - - 2001
The purpose of the study was to determine types of general cold adaptation and to reveal adaptation-compensatory regulation mechanisms of heat exchange and breathing. 24 healthy subjects were tested. Thermoregulation and gas exchange was measured before, during and after a 10-day cold exposure (13 degrees C, 2 h). Before and ...
Banno T - - 2001
A 33-year-old man (Case 1) developed scaling and erythema on the extensor side of his extremities, head, and back, 3 years before his first visit to our hospital. The lesions spread out to form several plaques and became persistent (Fig. 1a). Serum antistreptolysin O (ASO) was within the normal range ...
Cavallari V - - 2001
Erythema ab igne (EI) is an uncommon skin lesion caused by mild and repeated exposure to infrared sources. The aim of this study was to investigate the ultrastructural alterations in this condition. The ultrastructural study was carried out on 5-outpatients who presented typical EI of their exposed sites. Skin punch ...
Adler Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In vitro studies showed that low-frequency ultrasound (US) causes blood clot dissolution. This effect is augmented with thrombolytics, microbubbles and microparticles. However, in animal models of transcutaneous delivery, US alone is not effective, probably due to attenuation of US energy by overlying skin. When combined with thrombolytics or microbubbles, ...
Pang C Y - - 2001
The aim of this study was to investigate if a low concentration of endothelin-1 (ET-1; 8 x 10(-10) M) may amplify the skin vasoconstrictor effect of other vasoactive substances in the pathogenesis of skin vasospasm. Pig skin flaps (6 x 16 cm) were perfused with Krebs buffer equilibrated with 95% ...
Aho E - - 2001
Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) were acclimated to 4 degrees C and 17 degrees C for more than 4 weeks and heart rate was determined in the absence and presence of adrenaline to see how thermal adaptation influences basal heart rate and its beta-adrenergic control in a eurythermal fish species. ...
Castellani J W - - 2001
This study examined the hypothesis that several days of exhaustive exercise would impair thermoregulatory effector responses to cold exposure, leading to an accentuated core temperature reduction compared with exposure of the same individual to cold in a rested condition. Thirteen men (10 experimental and 3 control) performed a cold-wet walk ...
Gödert H W - - 2001
The differentiation-of-deception paradigm enables the examination of deception as a psychophysiological process by varying, within subjects, two conditions which differ only with respect to honesty and deception. The present experiment assessed the effects of two group factors - electrodermal lability and mode of responding - on the deception phenomenon in ...
Ahluwalia P - - 2001
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that nedocromil sodium inhibits sensory nerve function to reduce flare and itch in human skin. Nedocromil sodium (2%) or water (control) was introduced into the volar forearm skin of eight non-atopic volunteers by iontophoresis (8 mC) and histamine (20 microl of 1 ...
Lamah M - - 2001
The aim of this study was twofold: firstly, to study the nature of any temporal variation in capillary numbers, and secondly to determine the proportion of perfused to total nutritional capillaries in normal skin. Using in vivo microscopy, the temporal behaviour of the number of visible capillaries in the skin ...
House C M - - 2001
This study was undertaken to determine if hyperventilation would reduce cerebral blood velocity (CBV) and thereby the risk of decompression illness (DCI) during escape from a submarine and increase the depth from which escape can be made. CBV was measured in eight subjects using Doppler ultrasound as they completed a ...
Schaeffer P J - - 2001
We inadvertently subjected a group of goats to 5 mo of cold exposure (mean minimum temperature less than -13 degrees C) during an experiment designed to examine the effects of training by daily running on one member of each sibling pair. During the three coldest months, the sedentary but cold-exposed ...
Fang J Y - - 2001
The study was conducted in vitro to investigate the changes of indomethacin transdermal permeation pretreated by capsaicin and nonivamide, two compounds chemically similar to Azone. The combined effect of low frequency ultrasound (20 kHz) and enhancers on the indomethacin permeation was also evaluated. The experimental data demonstrated that capsaicin and ...
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