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Draelos Zoe Diana - - 2005
A growing body of literature suggests that some moisturizers can improve stratum corneum barrier function, as well as ameliorate dry skin. The clinical signs and symptoms of rosacea, which include increased facial skin dryness and sensitivity, suggest a possible role for such moisturizers as an adjuvant in the management of ...
Cheuvront Samuel N - - 2005
This study compared the effects of hypohydration (HYP) on endurance exercise performance in temperate and cold air environments. On four occasions, six men and two women (age = 24 +/- 6 yr, height = 170 +/- 6 cm, weight = 72.9 +/- 11.1 kg, peak O2 consumption = 48 +/- ...
Baynes Ronald E - - 2005
Triazine is often added to cutting-fluid formulations in the metal-machining industry as a preservative. Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a solvent used for cleaning the cutting fluid or oil from the metal product. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of TCE on the dermal absorption of triazine in ...
Zhao Zhi-Jun - - 2005
Environmental cues play important roles in the regulation of an animal's physiology and behavior. In the present study, we examined the effects of short photoperiod (SD) on body weight as well as on several physiological, hormonal, and biochemical measures indicative of thermogenic capacity to test our hypothesis that short photoperiod ...
Errampalli Deena - - 2005
A reduced risk fungicide, fludioxonil, was tested for its efficacy against blue mold caused by thiabendazole-resistant and -sensitive Penicillium expansum (Link) Thom in apples under three storage conditions. In a co-treatment, fludioxonil and inoculum were applied together to test the protective activity of the fungicide on wounds that had been ...
Bovenzi M - - 2005
AIMS: To follow up vibration induced white finger (VWF) in a selected group of 73 vibration exposed workers who claimed unsuccessfully for VWF compensation at a first examination. METHODS: The VWF claimants were sent to our unit by the National Insurance Institute. The basic compensatory criteria included a positive history ...
Nixon Reginald D V - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to examine whether the finding of suppressed physiological activity in dissociative rape-trauma victims (Griffin, Resick, & Mechanic, 1997) was replicable in a nonsexual assault trauma group. A sample of 17 high-dissociating (HD) participants and 18 low-dissociating (LD) participants who had experienced a motor ...
Evans Tina M - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is thought to result from osmotic and thermal events of air conditioning during exercise at high ventilation rates. The purpose of this study was to evaluate lung function after exercise and eucapnic voluntary hyperventilation (EVH) while breathing both room-temperature and cold-temperature dry bottled air. METHODS: Twenty-two ...
Davis Michael S - - 2005
Athletes who perform repeated exercise while breathing cold air have a high prevalence of asthmalike chronic airway disease, but the mechanism linking such activity to airway inflammation is unknown. We used a novel animal model (exercising horses) to test the hypothesis that exercise-induced chronic airway disease is caused by exposure ...
Pedersen Line Kynemund - - 2005
The most important risk factor for occupational contact dermatitis in hospital personnel is the exposure to irritants such as water, detergents and alcohol-based solutions. This study was undertaken to evaluate the short-term effects of repeated exposure to an alcohol-based disinfectant, to a detergent and to an alcohol-based disinfectant/detergent alternately. The ...
White Lesley J - - 2005
We examined the acute effect of cold-water temperature on post-exercise energy intake (EI) for 1 h. In a randomized, crossover design, 11 men (25.6 +/- 5 y) exercised for 45 min on a submersed cycle ergometer at 60 +/- 2% VO2max in 33 degrees C (neutral) and 20 degrees (cold) ...
Lin A C-M - - 2005
Exercise induced rhabdomyolysis is well known, but has rarely been reported in high school students. This is the report of 119 cases in high school students who exercised vigorously (120 push ups in five minutes) in cold weather. Most of them developed muscle pain and dark urine within two to ...
Malabadi Ravindra B - - 2005
Embryogenic cultures were initiated and established from apical shoots of mature trees of three genotypes of Pinus patula Scheide et Deppe. Factors affecting initiation, including cold pretreatment, basal medium composition, growth regulators and gelling agent concentration, and the effect of partial desiccation on somatic embryo maturation were investigated. Cold pretreatment ...
del Valle Juana C - - 2004
We have determined the occurrence of responses at different levels (morphological, physiological and biochemical) in the omnivorous rodent Akodon azarae upon cold acclimation (15 degrees C). A short-term enhancement in food consumption appeared to account for the maintenance of both mass and body composition. At the morphological level, the main ...
Nimmo Myra - - 2004
Exercising in the cold is not an attractive option for many athletes; however, defining what represents cold is difficult and is not standard for all events. If the exercise is prolonged and undertaken at a moderate intensity, environmental temperatures around 11 degrees C can be an advantage. If the intensity ...
Kenefick Robert W - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to 1) determine the effect of hypohydration (HYPO) on thirst sensations during moderate exercise in the cold and 2) determine a possible mechanism for a cold-induced decline in thirst. METHODS: In the first phase of the study, eight males walked on four occasions, ...
Havenith G - - 2004
A meta-analysis of the effect of body and air movement on the insulation provided by workwear and cold-weather clothing [1.22 clo (0.189 m2 degrees C W(-1)) < I(T)<4.14 clo (0.642 m2 degrees C W(-1))] using data from different sources was performed. For the effect of walking, datasets could be merged ...
Sandqvist Gunnel - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of treatment with paraffin bath in patients with systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). METHODS: In 17 patients with scleroderma one hand was treated daily with paraffin bath in combination with hand exercise. The other hand was treated with exercise only and was considered a control. Hand function ...
Haverinen Jaakko - - 2004
The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that temperature acclimation modifies sarcolemmal Na+ current (INa) of the fish cardiac myocytes differently depending on the animal's lifestyle in the cold. Two eurythermal fish species with different physiological strategies for surviving in the cold, a cold-dormant crucian carp (Carassius carassius ...
Hou Dick Home-jer - - 2004
Soybeans were stored in 84% relative humidity at 30 degrees C (adverse conditions) for 9 months and in 57% relative humidity at 20 degrees C, cold (4 degrees C), and an uncontrolled ambient garage for 18 months. Glycinin was isolated and purified; its structural properties were characterized. The purified glycinin ...
Zeitoun Mona - - 2004
PURPOSE: Exercising in cold air enhances bronchial responsiveness (BR) as compared with exercising in warm air. This may be due to intrathoracic cooling or to increased vagal activity caused by facial cooling. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects on BR of cold air inhalation and of ...
Stocks Jodie M - - 2004
Thermal energy is transferred within and between bodies via several avenues, but for most unprotected human cold exposures, particularly during immersion, convective heat loss dominates. Lower tissue temperatures stimulate thermoreceptors, and the resultant afferent flow elicits autonomic homoeostatic responses (thermogenesis and vasoconstriction) that regulate body temperature within a narrow range. ...
Kenefick Robert W - - 2004
Hyperosmotic hypovolemia impairs vasoconstriction during sedentary cold exposure. The purpose of this study was to determine whether hypohydration alters thermoregulation and cardiovascular responses to exercise in cold air. On four occasions, eight males [35.1 (2.7) years, 175.5 (3.1) cm, 73.3 (2.6) kg, 57.2 (2.6) ml kg(-1) min(-1) maximal oxygen uptake ...
Uhoda E E Service de Dermatopathologie, CHU du Sart Tilman B-4000 Liège, - - 2004
Dietary deficiencies are multiple and some of them may induce specific changes in the skin biology and structure. Vitamin A deficiency is well identified as a cause of xerosis and follicular keratosis. Skin of the forehead and balding scalp was examined in 3 homeless alcoholic men who suffered from altered ...
Zimmo O R - - 2004
Nitrogen removal processes and nitrogen mass balances in algae-based ponds (ABPs) and duckweed (Lemna gibba)-based ponds (DBPs) were assessed during periods of 4 months, each under different operational conditions. During periods 1 and 2, the effect of cold and warm temperature was studied. During periods 2 and 3, the effect ...
Haman François - - 2004
The thermogenic response of humans depends critically on the coordination of muscle fibre recruitment and oxidative fuel metabolism. The primary goal of this study was to determine whether the electromyographic (EMG) pattern of muscle recruitment could provide metabolic information on oxidative fuel selection during high-intensity shivering. EMG activity (of 8 ...
Geleris Parashos - - 2004
The aortic pulse-wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index were measured in 24 healthy adults at baseline, during a cold pressor test (CPT), during hand-grip isometric exercise test (HIE), and during a combination of CPT plus HIE. The PWV and augmentation index increased significantly during CPT and HIE compared with baseline ...
Uçok Ka─čan - - 2004
We investigated whether regular training in cold weather has an effect on the development of exercise-induced bronchospasm. Nineteen sedentary males and 20 male long distance runners who were regularly training in Erzurum participated in this study. They had no history of asthma, atopy or allergic rhinitis. Pre- and post-exercise spirometry ...
Rezende Enrico L - - 2004
Thermal acclimation in small endotherms provides an excellent model for the study of physiological plasticity, as energy requirements can be easily manipulated and the results are relevant for natural conditions. Nevertheless, how physiology changes throughout acclimation, and how individuals vary in their response to acclimation, remain poorly understood. Here we ...
Matia Ivan - - 2004
Of the serotonin occurring in the small bowel mucosa, 95% is present in enterochromaffine cells. The cold ischemia during small bowel transplantation results in mucosal injury and releasing of serotonin into the lumen. Because of it, the mucosal concentration of serotonin is decreasing. The aim of our study was to ...
Klentrou Panagiota - - 2004
Temperature regulation during exercise in the cold was examined in 13 adolescent female individuals, aged 13-18 yr. Six girls with established menstrual cycles comprised the eumenorrheic menarcheal (EM) group, and seven nonmenstruating girls comprised the premenarcheal (PM) group. During the first visit, maximal oxygen consumption (Vo(2 max)), height, weight, and ...
Adamy S T - - 2003
Model porcine skin samples were evaluated for moisture retention when subjected to various cosmetic treatments. Moisture retention was evaluated by two methods - via the Novatrade mark Dermal Phase Meter (DPM), and via weight loss measurements during moisture evaporation. In both measurements, skin samples were placed in dry-air environments. Although ...
McFarlin Brian K - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Exercise and environmental temperature have been reported to affect the immune system, but few studies have examined the combined effects of very hot or cold temperatures during exercise in the same group of subjects. Therefore, the purpose was to examine the immune responses following exercise combined with exposure to ...
Levison Harold F - - 2003
The 'dynamically cold Kuiper belt' consists of objects on low-inclination orbits between approximately 40 and approximately 50 au from the Sun. It currently contains material totalling less than a tenth the mass of the Earth, which is surprisingly low because, according to accretion models, the objects would not have grown ...
Rauh Robert - - 2003
Laser Doppler fluxmetry (LDF) or photoplethysmography (PPG) are frequently used as non-invasive tools to assess skin blood flow. They are both thought to be suitable and interchangeable methods for the detection of sympathetically activated vasoconstrictive episodes that can be provoked by a voluntary deep inspiration (DI), the so-called inspiratory gasp ...
Kuzmina Natalia - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Identification of subjects at risk for contact dermatitis by screening tests is desirable in order to adjust the preventive measures to individual skin susceptibility. The present study aimed to examine the effects of basic physiological features, such as baseline electrical impedance (IMP) and transepidermal water loss (TEWL), on reactivity ...
Sullo Alessio - - 2003
Interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) activity is controlled by the sympathetic nervous system, and factors that influence thermogenesis appear to act centrally to modify the sympathetic outflow to IBAT. Cold exposure produces a rise in IBAT temperature as a result of the increase in sympathetic outflow to IBAT. This is ...
Schaeffer P J - - 2003
Monodelphis domestica (Marsupialia: Didelphidae) was used as a model animal to investigate and compare muscle adaptation to exercise training and cold exposure. The experimental treatment consisted of four groups of animals: either warm or cold acclimation temperature and with or without endurance exercise training. Maximal aerobic capacity during a running ...
Chappell M A - - 2004
In nature, animals frequently need to deal with several physiological challenges simultaneously. We examined thermoregulatory performance (body temperature stability) and maximal oxygen consumption of deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) during intense exercise at room temperature, acute cold exposure, and exercise during cold exposure. Results with exercise and cold exposure alone were ...
Melis Paris P Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2003
The aim of this experimental study was to assess the skin microcirculation of undermined and nonundermined wound edges closed with a skin-stretching device. In eight piglets, 9 x 9-cm wounds were created on both flanks by excision of the skin and the subcutaneous layer down to the muscular fascia, with ...
Mutoh Mizue - - 2003
Sonophoretic drug transport with low-frequency (41-445 kHz) and low-intensity (60-240 mW/cm2) ultrasound was characterized using hydrophilic calcein and deuterium oxide (D2O) as a solvent vehicle in excised hairless rat skin. The excised skin was mounted in vertical diffusion chambers for measurement of skin resistance and sonophoretic transport of calcein and ...
Fukudome Takayasu - - 2003
A Japanese man with a negative family history of paramyotonia congenita (PMC) was evaluated for symptoms of cold-induced weakness and stiffness. Exercise testing revealed findings characteristic of PMC, and a genetic analysis was therefore performed. A well-known sodium channel mutation for PMC (T1313M) was identified in the patient, but was ...
Carputo D - - 2003
F(1) and backcross hybrids between sexually incompatible species Solanum commersonii and Solanum tuberosum were characterized for glycoalkaloid content and capacity to cold acclimate. Glycoalkaloid (GA) analysis revealed that F(1) triploids and BC(1) pentaploids contained the glycoalkaloids of both parents. In BC(2) (near) tetraploids the situation was different, in that some ...
Maalej Sami - - 2003
Seasonal dynamics of motile Aeromonas in a treated urban effluent and in natural seawater along the Sfax coast (Mediterranean sea, Tunisia) were measured over a year concurrently with seven environmental factors, and compared with those of faecal coliforms. Counts for Aeromonas from a standard plate count method, ranged from 1.48 ...
Cembranos J A R - - 2003
We show that, in the context of brane-world scenarios with low tension tau=f(4), massive brane fluctuations (branons) are natural dark matter candidates. We calculate the present abundances for both hot (warm) and cold branons in terms of the branon mass M and the tension scale f. The results are compared ...
Ueda Yoshifumi - - 2003
Glucocorticoids are effective drugs for the treatment of allergic skin diseases. In the present study, we observed the effects of prednisolone on the cutaneous reaction and skin barrier function in mice treated with a hapten, 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene. Repeated hapten application onto the mouse ear resulted in a potent ear swelling with ...
Kotaniemi Jyrki-Tapani - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Respiratory symptoms and obstructive pulmonary diseases experienced during exercise and in cold weather were analysed in a large postal questionnaire study of a general adult population living in a cold climate. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of shortness of breath (SOB) during exercise, or ...
Fernhall Bo - - 2003
This study evaluated blood pressure and heart rate responses to exercise and nonexercise tasks as indexes of autonomic function in subjects with and without Down syndrome (DS). Twenty-four subjects (12 with and 12 without DS) completed maximal treadmill exercise, isometric handgrip (30% of maximum), and cold pressor tests, with heart ...
West Dennis P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: An examination glove that delivers aloe vera (AV) gel to the gloved hand was studied in 30 adult females with bilateral occupational dry skin with or without irritant contact dermatitis (with or without erythema, fissures, and excoriations). METHODS: All participants were factory assembly-line workers with repeated superficial skin trauma ...
An Na-Mi - - 2003
A soft hydrogel formulation for the transdermal delivery of testosterone (TS) was developed, and the effect of various skin-permeation enhancers was studied in vitro and in vivo. Testosterone was incorporated into a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-based soft hydrogel with polyisobutylene (PIB) and various skin-permeation enhancers (dodecylamine, HPE101, oleic acid, or lauric ...
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