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Divert V E - - 2007
The data concerning thermal homeostasis maintenance and energy cost of muscle work in a cold environment and at cold adaptation are presented. It was shown that 10 days' experimental acclimatizing to cold at daily two hour +13 degrees C sessions result in different individual adaptive forms, "euthermic" and "hypothermic", which ...
Hedelin Hans - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Chronic abacterial prostatitis/pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is characterized by pain, voiding and sexual dysfunction persisting fo r> 3 months. The symptoms tend to occur in relapses of varying length. To evaluate what causes a relapse and what precautions patients with CP/CPPS undertake to avoid a relapse and/or aggravation of ...
Merchant Thomas E - - 2007
PURPOSE: Radiation dermatitis is a common side effect of radiation therapy (RT). In severe cases, RT must be interrupted until the skin heals, which can compromise treatment. The purpose of the study was to compare an anionic polar phospholipid (APP)-based cream and an aloe vera-based gel to determine their effectiveness ...
Zubidat Abed Elsalam - - 2007
In mammals, nocturnal light pulses (NLP) have been demonstrated to affect physiology and behavior. However, the impact of NLP as a stressor has been less broadly examined. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of NLP (three 15 min 450 lux light pulses) during each scotophase on ...
Foerster John - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Quantification of Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is a prerequisite in the evaluation of novel therapeutic strategies. Fingertip rewarming in response to local cold provocation has been used in many studies but not been systematically validated. We have previously described the time elapsed before 63% of pre-cooling temperature is reached as ...
Geurts Carla L M - - 2006
Most acclimation research is performed on resting individuals, whereas in real life, cold exposure is often accompanied by physical activity. We examined the effects of 2 weeks of repeated cold exposure of the hand with or without an elevated core temperature from exercise on neuromuscular function of the first dorsal ...
Castellani John W - - 2006
It is the position of the American College of Sports Medicine that exercise can be performed safely in most cold-weather environments without incurring cold-weather injuries. The key to prevention is use of a comprehensive risk management strategy that: a) identifies/assesses the cold hazard; b) identifies/assesses contributing factors for cold-weather injuries; ...
Chubak Jessica - - 2006
PURPOSE: Our aim was to assess the effect of a moderate-intensity, year-long exercise program on the risk of colds and other upper respiratory tract infections in postmenopausal women. SUBJECTS: A total of 115 overweight and obese, sedentary, postmenopausal women in the Seattle area participated. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to ...
Yoshino Kohzoh - - 2007
To construct safe workspaces or daily life environments, it is important to develop a technology for automatically recording dangerous environmental situations. Based on increased finger skin conductance and decreased instantaneous heart (pulse) rate, we developed an algorithm for detecting the startle state of humans when encountering dangerous situations. The parameter ...
Haverinen Jaakko - - 2007
The hypothesis of pacemaker level origin of thermal compensation in heart rate was tested by recording action potentials (AP) in intact sinoatrial tissue and enzymatically isolated pacemaker cells of rainbow trout acclimated at 4 degrees C (cold) and 18 degrees C (warm). With electrophysiological recordings, the primary pacemaker was located ...
McClelland Grant B - - 2006
Both exercise training and cold acclimatization induce muscle remodelling in vertebrates, producing a more aerobic phenotype. In ectothermic species exercise training and cold-acclimatization represent distinct stimuli. It is currently unclear if these stimuli act through a common mechanism or if different mechanisms lead to a common phenotype. The goal of ...
Moulton Keesla - - 2006
The objective of this study was to evaluate glycerol (GLY) and GLY + dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) to increase photonic detection of transformed Salmonella typhimurium (S. typh-lux) through porcine skin. Skin was placed on 96-well plates containing S. typh-lux, imaged (5 min) using a CCD camera, and then completely immersed in ...
Fournier Emmanuel - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Myotonias are inherited disorders of the skeletal muscle excitability. Nondystrophic forms are caused by mutations in genes coding for the muscle chloride or sodium channel. Myotonia is either relieved or worsened by repeated exercise and can merge into flaccid weakness during exposure to cold, according to causal mutations. We ...
Lin Sheng-Hsiang - - 2007
Though a reduced flush response to niacin has been found in schizophrenic patients, whether it is a vulnerability indicator to schizophrenia remains little known. We aimed to examine the familial aggregation in niacin flush response among schizophrenic patients and their nonpsychotic relatives. In a sample of 153 schizophrenia probands, 217 ...
Weber M-A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Muscle channelopathies such as paramyotonia, hyperkalemic periodic paralysis, and potassium-aggravated myotonia are caused by gain-of-function Na+ channel mutations. METHODS: Methods: Implementation of a three-dimensional radial 23Na magnetic resonance (MR) sequence with ultra-short echo times allowed the authors to quantify changes in the total muscular 23Na signal intensity. By this ...
Proksch Ehrhardt - - 2006
Skin permeability barrier function is impaired in eczema, particularly in contact and atopic dermatitis (AD). In contact dermatitis disruption of the barrier by irritants and allergens is the primary event, followed by sensitization, inflammation, increased epidermal proliferation and changes in differentiation. Genetically impaired skin barrier function is already present in ...
Gulmez M - - 2006
In an attempt to improve the bacteriological quality and refrigerated shelf life of broiler meat, 10-min surface wash treatments with sterile distilled water (DW), 8% (wt/vol) water extract of sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) fruits (WES), and 2% (vol/vol) lactic acid (LA) were compared by using a broiler wing model. The ...
Richelle Myriam - - 2006
Dietary bioactive compounds (vitamin E, carotenoids, polyphenols, vitamin C, Se and Zn) have beneficial effects on skin health. The classical route of administration of active compounds is by topical application direct to the skin, and manufacturers have substantial experience of formulating ingredients in this field. However, the use of functional ...
Paulino Luciana C - - 2006
Psoriasis, a common cutaneous disease of unknown etiology, may be triggered by infections, including those due to fungi. Since the fungal community of human skin is poorly characterized, we aimed to analyze the mycological microbiota in healthy skin and psoriatic lesions. Twenty-five skin samples from five healthy subjects (flexor forearm) ...
Smolander J - - 2006
Whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) is one mode of cold therapy, during which rheumatic patients are exposed to very cold air (-110 degrees C) in minimal clothing. It is also proposed to have a bronchodilatory effect. The aim was to examine the effects of WBC on lung function in healthy humans after ...
Young T M - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIM: A variety of stimuli such as deep inspiration, isometric exercise and mental arithmetic, result in a transient vasoconstriction,mediated by sympathetic efferent nerves, in the skin of the fingers and toes of healthy controls (Skin Vasomotor Reflex: SkVR). Multiple system atrophy (MSA) and pure autonomic failure (PAF) provide ...
Rinehart Joseph P - - 2006
Culex pipiens L. reared under diapause-inducing conditions (short daylength; 18 degrees C) were more cold tolerant and desiccation resistant than their nondiapausing counterparts (long daylength; 18 degrees C). Upon cold exposure (-5 degrees C), diapausing mosquitoes reared at 18 degrees C survived nearly twice as long as nondiapausing mosquitoes reared ...
Draelos Zoe D - - 2006
Acne vulgaris is a common skin disorder that affects many people every year, especially the teenaged population. People with acne find the condition especially difficult to manage because of the disease's chronicity and variability in response to treatment. Acne is the result of pores clogged with shed skin cells combined ...
Kim Myo-Kyoung - - 2006
Differences of skin type and pH between subjects with and without acne have not been investigated. In addition, the relationship between sebum secretion and pH in these populations has not been determined. This study assessed the differences in objective and subjective skin types between these two groups. Secondly, this study ...
Badjatia Neeraj - - 2006
The use of rapid infusion of large-volume cold saline (CS) as an adjunctive therapy for treating refractory fever in nine patients is reported. A decline in temperature (39.2 +/- 0.3 vs 37.1 +/- 1.2 degrees C, p = 0.006) at 2 hours and fever burden (97.3 +/- 343.8 vs 734.3 ...
Beuther David A - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of a novel mask device in limiting cold air exercise-induced decline in lung function in subjects with a history of exercise-induced asthma (EIA). SETTING: In spite of appropriate medical therapy, many asthma patients are limited in cold weather activities. DESIGN: In study 1, 13 ...
Andres Philippe - - 2006
Clobetasol propionate is known to be a very effective treatment for psoriasis; however, its use is limited by potent corticosteroid class related side effects such as hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression and atrophogenicity. The aim of this single-center, parallel group, randomized study was to assess the HPA axis suppression potential, atrophogenicity, ...
Kim Hyung-Kwan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cold pressor test (CPT) results indicate that coronary blood flow (CBF) increases after sudden cold exposure. Traditionally, warm-up exercise (WEx) has been recommended before cold exposure; however, the physiologic effects of WEx on CBF have not been elucidated. Therefore, this study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of WEx ...
Heise Katja - - 2006
Effects of acute cold exposure (at 1 degrees C and 5 degrees C) on tissue redox state and oxidative stress parameters, as well as the onset of hypoxic signaling were investigated in the North Sea eelpout, Zoarces viviparus. Activation of the transcription factor HIF-1 (hypoxia inducible factor) was detected in ...
Armstrong David W DW - - 2006
Opioid receptors appear to modulate a variety of physiological and metabolic homeostatic responses to stressors such as exercise and thermally extreme environments. To more accurately determine the role of the naloxone (NAL) sensitive opioid receptor system during rest and exercise, subjects were subjected to concomitant environmental thermal stress. Fifteen untrained ...
Swanson David L - - 2006
Small birds showing marked seasonal changes in cold tolerance also exhibit winter increases in summit metabolic rate (Msum=maximum cold-induced thermogenesis or thermogenic capacity) relative to summer birds. However, some birds show modest seasonal changes in cold tolerance without winter increases in Msum and others exhibit large seasonal changes in cold ...
Aihara, Yasutugu
AIHARA, Y. YASUMATSU, M. HASEGAWA, H. and IZAWA, T. Application of Microdialysis Techniques for the Study of Exercise and Environment Physiolofy. Abv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., Vol.4, No.1 pp.1-10, 1998. Physical exercise and exposure to a hot or cold environment increase the blood levels of hormones and neurotransmitters. There is little ...
Kimura Kenichi - - 2006
To determine the effects of manual acupuncture stimulation (MAS) on skin sympathetic nerve activity (SSNA), SSNA and skin blood flow (SBF) were measured during a resting period and during MAS. Twelve healthy male subjects were divided into an acupuncture group (n = 7) and a control group (n = 5). ...
Jett D Michael - - 2006
Research regarding the effect of cold exposure on metabolism and substrate utilisation during exercise has produced inconsistent results. Intensity of exercise and training status of subjects are known to impact metabolism and substrate utilisation regardless of environmental conditions. Duration and intensity of cold exposure during exercise also may exert impact. ...
Kampf Günter - - 2006
Alcohol-based hand rubs are used frequently in healthcare settings, but their tolerance among atopic subjects is unknown. The dermal tolerance to five alcohol-based hand rubs was assessed among atopic and non-atopic subjects in a repetitive occlusive patch test. In total, 54 subjects were analysed. One half of the subjects were ...
Cheatham Christopher C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of nicotine on the metabolic and hormonal responses during acute cold exposure. METHODS: Participants in this study included 6 men and 5 women between the ages of 19 and 25 years. Each subject performed 2 cold-air trials (CATs) consisting of a 30-minute baseline (BASE) period ...
Kampf Günter - - 2006
Aim of the study was to determine the effect of the regular use of a hand cream after washing hands on skin hydration and skin roughness. Twenty-five subjects washed hands and forearms with a neutral soap four times per day, for 2 minutes each time, for a total of two ...
Fernández-Varela R - - 2006
The recent release of ca. 70,000 tonnes of a heavy fuel oil from the Prestige-Nassau carrier along the Spanish northern coast, mainly along Galicia, was monitored using attenuated total reflectance-mid IR spectrometry. The fuel was characterized and differentiated from 10 products commonly transported along the Galician coast (and their series ...
Van Deun A - - 2005
SETTING: A field project in Bangladesh. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of commonly used carbolfuchsin staining variations. DESIGN: Routine hot Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) 1% basic fuchsin staining for 15 min in 75 field clinics. Blind reading of duplicate smears stained by ZN 1% vs. 0.3% basic fuchsin applied for 5 min, ...
Michiels Jan J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Autosomal dominant primary erythermalgia is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of red, warm, and painful hands and/or feet. OBJECTIVE: To describe the phenotypes and molecular data of a 10-member family with 5 symptomatic living patients with erythermalgia. RESULTS: The clinical phenotype of this family was featured by ...
Taylor Susan C - - 2005
The Taylor Hyperpigmentation Scale is a new visual scale developed to provide an inexpensive and convenient method to assess skin color and monitor the improvement of hyperpigmentation following therapy. The tool consists of 15 uniquely colored plastic cards spanning the full range of skin hues and is applicable to individuals ...
Bäck Magnus - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of cold storage on the responses induced by electrical field stimulation (EFS) in human bronchial preparations. Responses induced by EFS and acetylcholine were studied in human bronchial rings mounted in organ baths, either on the day of surgery or ...
Haberland A - - 2006
For testing cutaneous absorption of drugs, ingredients of cosmetics and also for risk assessment of industrial compounds predictable in vitro test protocols are under investigation using excised skin or reconstructed human epidermis. Since the metabolizing enzymes expressed by viable skin can influence the absorption behaviour of substances by changing their ...
Escribano E - - 2005
We developed a fast-acting, topical, 4% (w/w) amethocaine microemulsion and tested its in vitro permeation in isolated human skin. Comparison with a commercial amethocaine gel (Ametop((R)) ) was performed using Franz diffusion cells. Permeability coefficient (k(p)), flux (J) and percentage permeation after 10 h of microemulsion application were, in all ...
Janniger Camila K - - 2005
Intertrigo is inflammation of skinfolds caused by skin-on-skin friction. It is a common skin condition affecting opposing cutaneous or mucocutaneous surfaces. Intertrigo may present as diaper rash in children. The condition appears in natural and obesity-created body folds. The friction in these folds can lead to a variety of complications ...
Tomita Yuki - - 2005
To determine any correlation between the stratum corneum barrier function and the phenotypic severity of congenital ichthyosis, we studied stratum corneum hydration, flexibility, thickness and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) in patients with congenital ichthyosis. Seven patients with congenital ichthyosis aged 2-46 years and age-matched controls were included in the present ...
Deenadayalu Viju P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The removal of small colon polyps by cold snare transection without electrocautery effectively eliminates polyps, and anecdotal reports indicate a low risk of bleeding and perforation. Concerns about using cold snaring have centered on the risk of immediate bleeding and the difficulty in retrieving the polyp. The objective was ...
Haupt A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Modern blood glucose (BG) monitoring devices (e.g., InDuo [LifeScan, Inc., Milpitas, CA]) require very low blood volumes, allowing for testing at sites other than the traditional fingertip, but the reliability of such testing has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this randomized study was to compare the effects ...
Draelos Zoe Diana - - 2005
A growing body of literature suggests that some moisturizers can improve stratum corneum barrier function, as well as ameliorate dry skin. The clinical signs and symptoms of rosacea, which include increased facial skin dryness and sensitivity, suggest a possible role for such moisturizers as an adjuvant in the management of ...
Cheuvront Samuel N - - 2005
This study compared the effects of hypohydration (HYP) on endurance exercise performance in temperate and cold air environments. On four occasions, six men and two women (age = 24 +/- 6 yr, height = 170 +/- 6 cm, weight = 72.9 +/- 11.1 kg, peak O2 consumption = 48 +/- ...
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