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Results 451 - 500 of 617
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Moriya K - - 1990
To determine whether there is a direct correlation between endurance capacity and cold tolerance, maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), and cold-induced vasodilatation (CIVD), we measured these factors in 14 young female athletes born in Hokkaido, Japan's northernmost island. We determined the VO2max by a standard incremental test on a cycle ergometer ...
Vogelaere P - - 1990
The affect of negative thermal stress on hematological variables at rest, and during submaximal (sub ex) and maximal exercise (max ex) were observed for young males who volunteered in two experimental sessions, performed in cold (0 degree C) and in normal room temperature (20 degrees C). At rest, hematological variables ...
deLateur B J - - 1990
This self-directed learning module highlights the general concepts and advances in therapeutic heat and cold, electrotherapy, and therapeutic exercise. This article is part of the chapter on physiatric therapeutics for the Self-Directed Medical Knowledge Program Study Guide for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine and rehabilitation. Special advances include lasers ...
Thomas J R - - 1990
Adrenergic responses during physical stress such as cold exposure have been reported to differ from those responses observed during cognitive activity. Both the separate and the combined effects of cold and cognitive activity on catecholamine activity were examined in six male subjects. Alterations in plasma epinephrine and norepinephrine showed different ...
Ohno H - - 1990
Effects of acute and chronic stress (exercise and cold) on glutathione and gamma-glutamyltransferase (gamma GT) in the rat liver were investigated. Such stress, except for in the case of acute exercise, had no definite influence on the glutathione level. On the other hand, gamma GT activity in both the extramicrosomal ...
de Silva S M - - 1990
The nosological distinction between paramyotonia congenita (PC) and hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HPP) continues to generate debate. Recently, electrophysiological signs thought to be specific for each entity have been described and have been used to bolster the argument that the two disorders are distinct. We report a particularly instructive family wherein ...
Handa Y - - 1990
The effects of either dexamethasone or mannitol on the early phase of vasogenic oedema were studied by evaluating proton relaxation behaviour with in vitro NMR spectroscopy. Vasogenic cerebral oedema was induced by cold injury in cats. Significant (p less than 0.05) decreases in both longitudinal relaxation rate (R1 = 1/T1) ...
Schadewaldt P - - 1990
L-Alloisoleucine formation from L-isoleucine was studied in vitro and in vivo. When a healthy subject was loaded with L-isoleucine, plasma levels of L-isoleucine and 3-methyl-2-oxopentanoate (KMV), as well as L-alloisoleucine, increased. Peak values were reached successively and were in the order L-isoleucine much greater than KMV much greater than L-alloisoleucine. ...
Chapman K R - - 1990
We measured pulmonary function in 12 healthy volunteers before and at 5-min intervals for 30 min following treadmill exercise of 30 min duration performed under control (20 degrees C) and cold (-11 degrees C) ambient temperatures. Post-run changes in forced vital capacity (FVC), residual volume (RV) and peak expiratory flow ...
Voorhees J J - - 1990
In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 0.1% topical tretinoin reduced the effects of photo-ageing maximally after 10 months, with no further improvements if treatment was continued until 22 months. Topical tretinoin induced epidermal hyperplasia, compaction of the stratum corneum and the deposition of ultrastructurally visible collagen fibrils in the papillary dermis. ...
Roskos K V - - 1989
To probe age-related changes in skin barrier function, transepidermal water loss (TEWL) rates have been measured in "young" (19-42 years) and "old" (69-85 years) subjects. TEWL was determined at ventral forearm skin sites, which had been occluded for 24 hr with polypropylene chambers. Baseline TEWL rates (J infinity), which showed ...
Israel E - - 1989
Isocapnic hyperpnea (ISH) of cold air induces bronchoconstriction in many asthmatic subjects. Although this response is well described, it is unclear whether this bronchoconstriction is related to the release of bronchoactive mediators. We examined whether pretreatment with LY171883, a competitive antagonist of leukotriene D4 activity via LTD4 receptors, reduced the ...
Cascinelli N - - 1989
Incidence of melanoma is certainly rising all over the world and this observation has been related to a more frequent and prolonged exposure to the rays of the sun. The authors critically review pertinent literature and conclude that descriptive epidemiology of melanoma does not give survival trends and does not ...
Hinz R S - - 1989
The permeability barrier of hairless mouse skin has been determined in vitro after exposure of the epidermal surface to volumes of acetone typically used in human in vivo skin penetration studies. It has been shown that the transport of tritiated water (when applied for limited 5-h periods) across hairless mouse ...
Graham T E - - 1989
Previous work has suggested that men (M) are more sensitive to cold stress than women. There have also been observations that suggest that amenorrheic women (AW) are less thermally responsive than eumenorrheic women (EW). We investigated the hypothesis that M, EW, and AW would have different responses to cold stress. ...
Gautier H - - 1989
Oxygen consumption (VO2) and shivering movements were recorded in adult, conscious cats in a thermoneutral (24-27 degrees C) and in a cold (3-8 degrees C) environment during normoxia, hypoxia, or hyperoxia for 55 min. In the cold environment, VO2 correlated with shivering index (SI) under conditions of normoxia or ambient ...
Juneau M - - 1989
The influence of cold on the threshold for myocardial ischemia and the efficacy of antianginal drugs in a cold environment were assessed in 24 patients with stable angina and exercise-induced ST depression. Treadmill exercise tests were done according to a randomized double-blind protocol 90 minutes after administration of placebo, 80 ...
Quaranta J H - - 1989
Previous reports have suggested that the etiology of chronic urticaria/angioedema (greater than 6 weeks) can be identified 10% to 30% of the time while few reports have addressed the natural history of chronic urticaria/angioedema. An analysis of all patients referred to the authors' practice between 1983-1985 with a diagnosis of ...
Hursh J B - - 1989
Five volunteer male subjects who were 24 to 78 y of age exposed the skin of their forearm to mercury vapor (203Hg) at concentrations of 0.88-2.14 ng/cm3 for periods of 27-43 min. Approximately 216 to 844 ng was taken up by the skin at rates of 0.0101 to 0.0402 ng ...
Lashmar U T - - 1989
Eighteen potential penetration enhancers, some at concentrations that might be used for that purpose, have been examined to evaluate their irritancy potential on nude mouse skin. A biopsy technique was employed followed by histological examination. Up to 50% glycerol, 10% hydroxyethyl lactamide (HELA), 10% oleyl alcohol, 10% Solketal, 10% glycofurol, ...
Budd G M - - 1989
In contrast to the simplified, unvarying, and rigidly controlled conditions that characterize laboratory studies of human responses to cold, normal work in cold regions is characterized by a complex and unstable thermal environment, intermittent cold exposure and exercise, and the freedom to adjust clothing and activity for comfort. These "ergonomic" ...
Pemberton M A - - 1988
Various concentrations of commercially available alkyl ether sulphate surfactants with alkyl chains consisting of even or odd numbers of carbon atoms have been tested for their primary irritancy to rabbit skin in vivo. All six surfactants (2 with even and 4 with odd carbon number) produced skin irritation. The level ...
Ryatt K S - - 1988
The effect of short duration occlusion on skin penetration and stratum corneum water content was studied in vivo in eight human subjects. Percutaneous absorption of hexyl nicotinate was monitored non-invasively by laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) following each of three randomly assigned pre-treatments: untreated control, 30 min occlusion with a polypropylene ...
Dahlgren B E - - 1988
During rescues in cold climates, plastic tracheal tubes have fractured because of cold stress or mishandling. Susceptibility of rubber and plastic tracheal tubes to cold stress was tested in a climate chamber. Plastic tubes became stiffer when chilled, had greater resistance to reshaping and were more sensitive to shock and ...
Deshaies Y - - 1988
This study evaluated the individual and combined effects of exercise training and intermittent cold exposure of similar energy cost on serum lipids and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity on epididymal white (WAT) and interscapular brown (BAT) adipose tissues of the rat. The animals were subjected daily to 2 h of treadmill ...
Coté D J - - 1988
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of cold, heat, and contrast bath treatments on the amount of edema in first- and second-degree sprained ankles during the postacute phase of rehabilitation. Thirty subjects with postacute sprained ankles were assigned to a cold (n = 10), heat (n ...
McDonald R B - - 1988
The inability of old rats to maintain body temperature during cold exposure has been well documented. This study evaluated the effect of exercise on the rates of cold-induced O2 consumption and the contribution of nonshivering thermogenesis (NST) to these rates. Younger (12 mo) and older (24 mo) male Fischer 344 ...
Ahmed T - - 1988
Exercise and eucapnic hyperventilation with cold air can produce bronchoconstriction in asthmatic subjects, but their enhancement of nonspecific bronchial reactivity remains unclear. We studied the effect of submaximal exercise and cold air exposure on bronchial reactivity to methacholine in a normal control group (n = 10) and in subjects with ...
Geladas N - - 1988
Whether increasing respiratory heat loss (RHL) during exercise under heat stress can contain elevation of rectal temperature (Tre) was examined. Eight men cycled twice at 45-50% their maximum work rate until exhaustion at ambient temperature and relative humidity of 38 degrees C and 90-95%, respectively. They inspired either cold (3.6 ...
Okamoto H - - 1988
Nine azacycloalkanone (5-, 6-, or 7-member ring) derivatives with an alkyl or alkenyl (terpene) chain (10, 15, or 20 carbons) were compared with 1-dodecylazacycloheptan-2-one (azone, 1) for their effects on the percutaneous penetration of 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) through excised guinea pig skin. Pretreatment of skin with an enhancer markedly increased penetration ...
Clark C R - - 1988
Ten test materials derived from petroleum or hydrotreated shale oils were applied 3 times/week for up to 105 weeks to the shaved skin of 25 male and 25 female C3H/HeN mice per group. Mineral oil and benzo(a) pyrene (0.15%) were control materials. Clinical observations were recorded during the study. At ...
Golden F S - - 1988
1. The present investigation was designed to examine human adaptation to intermittent severe cold exposure and to assess the effect of exercise on any adaptation obtained. 2. Sixteen subjects were divided into two equal groups. Each subject performed ten head-out immersions; two into thermoneutral water which was then cooled until ...
Binet S - - 1988
Tectal plates of mouse embryos were used to analyze the heterogeneity of tubulin with high resolution isoelectric focusing, at time of appearance of the young neurons and axons. In the cold-labile pool of tubulin, isotypes 6 and 7 appear, and isotypes 1, 3, 11, 13 increase their relative quantities. The ...
Tessier P - - 1988
We investigated immediate and late changes in airway responsiveness to histamine, after bronchoconstriction due to exercise combined with inhalation of cold air, in ten asthmatic subjects who came on six days. On the first visit, the provocation concentration producing 20% fall in FEV1 (PC20) histamine was obtained. After functional recovery, ...
Hohtola E - - 1987
Respiration and shivering were measured in unanaesthetized, cold-exposed pigeons using pneumotachography and electromyography, respectively. The instantaneous intensity of shivering in the pectoral muscle varied in phase with respiration. Power spectral analysis showed that the main frequency components of respiration and demodulated EMG coincided exactly. The intensity of shivering was highest ...
Shea M J - - 1987
Cold is thought to provoke angina in patients with coronary disease either by an increase in myocardial demand or an increase in coronary vascular resistance. We investigated and compared the effects of cold pressor stimulation and symptom-limited supine bicycle exercise on regional myocardial perfusion in 35 patients with stable angina ...
Pozos R S - - 1987
Human reaction to cold stress and hypothermia involves shivering. Another form of overt shaking, postoperative shivering, has been attributed as a thermoregulatory response to postoperative hypothermia. Analysis of the normal human shivering pattern showed a synchronized, slow amplitude modulation (six to eight cycles/min) over all muscles sampled. In addition, there ...
Arnold J - - 1987
1. Energy balance and brown adipose tissue growth were examined in four groups of male Wistar rats: (i) sedentary, living at 24 degrees C (warm), (ii) exercise-trained, 2 h daily, living at 24 degrees C, (iii) living at 24 degrees C but exposed to -5 degrees C, 2 h daily ...
Berk J L - - 1987
To determine the relative contributions of direct airway vs. reflex cutaneous thermal receptor stimulation in cold-induced bronchoconstriction, we isolated these two aspects of cold exposure in 10 asthmatics and 13 normal subjects. Ice packs were applied to the skin of the face, chest, thigh, and upper arm in random sequence ...
Barowsky E I - - 1987
A 12-year-old male, unresponsive to therapy for symptoms associated with reflex sympathetic dystrophy, was treated by thermal biofeedback techniques. Within the first four treatment sessions, transfer of training from digital warming to warming the affected knee area produced skin temperature elevation around the gastrocnemius and patellar areas. Attenuation of localized ...
Archer C B - - 1987
The time-course of cutaneous inflammatory responses to LTB4 and PGE2 both alone and in combination has been studied in 10 healthy volunteers. LTB4 induced a transient wheal and flare response in some subjects, maximal at 15 minutes and succeeded by an erythematous, indurated lesion at 2-4 hours. PGE2 elicited a ...
Kelleher C - - 1987
We investigated whether or not an increased pressor response to exercise or stress is a feature of the diabetic state per se or a feature of its complications was investigated. Twelve insulin-dependent diabetic patients without clinical evidence of complications and with normal albumin excretion rates (less than 20 micrograms/min) were ...
Mayfield S R - - 1987
We tested the hypothesis that isovolemic anemia blunts the thermogenic response to environmental cold stress in 3 to 4-day-old newborn piglets. Eight animals were studied in both thermoneutral (31.6-32.8 degrees C) and cold (19.6-20.2 degrees C) environments, before and after an isovolemic, partial volume exchange transfusion which reduced the hematocrit ...
Longley S - - 1987
We identified two siblings with exercise-induced anaphylaxis who share the HLA haplotype A3-B8-DR3 with their atopic father. The index case, a 16-year-old female, noted initial episodes at age 13. Intense pruritus, urticaria, facial edema, choking sensation, nausea, hypothermia, and collapse followed vigorous running but not swimming, cycling, racquetball, solar exposure, ...
Perez Baliño N A - - 1987
Provocative tests that permit detection of coronary artery spasm are widely used in patients with ischemic syndromes. To assess the usefulness of radionuclide ventriculography combined with provocative tests for diagnosis of coronary spasm, the left ventricular (LV) response to exercise, hyperventilation and a cold pressor test was determined in 3 ...
Eisenhofer G - - 1987
We examined the acute effects of ethanol consumption on circulatory responses to the cold pressor test, to handgrip exercise and to intravenous infusion of methoxamine in eight normal male subjects. Ethanol consumption reduced systolic blood pressure responses to the cold pressor test and to handgrip exercise and depressed both systolic ...
Leonesio R J - - 1987
Skin potential level has two mechanisms of generation: that due to sweat gland activity (sudorific) and that due to other causes (nonsudorific). These mechanisms have, in the past, been frequently confounded. This paper addresses the importance of discriminating between the two mechanisms and describes two kinds of nonsudorific skin potentials. ...
Moriya K - - 1987
The effects of both exercise training and intermittent cold acclimation on heat production (shivering and nonshivering thermogenesis (NST)) in rats were studied. Warm-acclimated rats (housed at 24 degrees C, WA) and intermittently cold-acclimated rats (exposed daily to -5 degrees C for 2 h, CA) were forced to run (25 m.min-1 ...
Saarela S - - 1987
The effect of photoperiod and melatonin treatment on cold resistance and thermogenesis of quails was studied. The birds were acclimated for 8 weeks to short day (8L:16D) or long day (16L:8D) conditions, and 8 of 16 quails in each group were implanted with melatonin capsules. One group of quails was ...
Shephard R J - - 1987
Canoeing and kayaking are upper-body sports that make varying demands on the body, depending on the type of contest and the distance covered. The shorter events (500 m) are primarily anaerobic (2 minutes of exercise), calling for powerful shoulder muscles with a high proportion of fast-twitch fibres. In contrast, 10,000 ...
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