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Götte Miriam M Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster, - - 2014
Due to growing evidence about the value of exercise in pediatric cancer patients, the purpose of this study was to determine factors that influence participation in physical activities and exercise in children and adolescents during treatment. This cross-sectional qualitative study included 40 pediatric cancer patients during intensive treatment. Patients were ...
Meneghel Adilson J AJ 1 Human Performance Research Group - College of Health Science, Methodist University of Piracicaba (UNIMEP), Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil 2 Faculty Adventist of Hortolandia (UNASP), Hortolandia, Sao Paulo, Brazil 3 School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, Brazil 4 School of Exercise and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University (ECU), Joondalup, WA, Australia 5 Post-Graduation Program in Physical Education/Department of Sport Sciences, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
The present study tested the hypothesis that resistance-trained individuals would also show less muscle damage in the second than the first eccentric exercise bout (i.e. repeated bout effect) as shown in untrained individuals. This study investigated changes in indirect markers of muscle damage following 2 bouts of free weight eccentric ...
Hill Jessica J 1School of Sport, Health, and Applied Science, St. Mary's University College, Twickenham, UK. 2School Life of Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK. 3English Institute of Sport, Marlow, UK. 4Centre for Aquatic Research, University of Johannesburg, South - - 2014
Strenuous physical activity can result in exercise induced muscle damage. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a lower limb compression garment in accelerating recovery from a marathon run. Twenty four subjects (female n= 7, male n= 17) completed a marathon run before being assigned to ...
Wall Bradley A BA 1School of Psychology and Exercise Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Australia; 2Edith Cowan University Health and Wellness Institute, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia; 3School of Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, Australia; 4School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; 5Department of Radiation Oncology, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, WA, Australia; 6Faculty of Medicine, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA, - - 2014
Exercise is being increasingly established as a key adjuvant therapy in clinical oncology. As research has demonstrated the beneficial impact of exercise for cancer management, a growing number of cancer patients are undertaking structured exercise programs. To determine the safety and feasibility of formal exercise testing in clinical settings as ...
Winger Joseph G JG Department of Psychology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, 402 North Blackford Street, LD 134, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA, - - 2014
Diet and exercise interventions for cancer survivors result in health benefits; however, few studies have examined health outcomes in relation to adherence. We examined associations between adherence to components of a diet-exercise intervention and survivors' physical and mental health. A randomized controlled trial tested a telephone and mailed print intervention ...
Cormie Prue - - 2014
Despite being a critical survivorship care issue, there is a clear gap in current knowledge of the optimal treatment of sexual dysfunction in men with prostate cancer. There is sound theoretical rationale and emerging evidence that exercise may be an innovative therapy to counteract sexual dysfunction in men with prostate ...
Courneya Kerry S KS 1University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; 2Ottawa Hospital Regional Cancer Center, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; 3University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; 4British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; 5Alberta Health Services, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; 6University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; 7Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Observational studies suggest that physical activity after a breast cancer diagnosis is associated with improved cancer outcomes; however, no randomized data are available. Here, we report an exploratory follow-up of cancer outcomes from the Supervised Trial of Aerobic versus Resistance Training (START). The START Trial was a Canadian multicenter trial ...
Koch A J AJ Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Lenoir-Rhyne University, Hickory, NC - - 2014
Resistance exercise can result in localized damage to muscle tissue. This damage may be observed in sarcolemma, basal lamina, as well as, in the contractile elements and the cytoskeleton. Usually the damage is accompanied by release of enzymes such as creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase, myoglobin and other proteins ...
Luoma Minna-Liisa ML Department of Oncology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, P.O.Box 180, 00029 HUS, Finland. - - 2014
Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate how tailored exercise is experienced by cancer survivors. Twenty-five breast cancer survivors who were recently treated with systemic adjuvant treatments attended tailored exercise classes as a part of a randomized controlled exercise intervention study (Breast Cancer and Exercise, BREX). Focus group ...
Jensen Wiebke W Department of Oncology/Hematology/Bone marrow Transplantation/Pneumology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany, - - 2014
This pilot study aimed to investigate the feasibility of two different training programs in patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer undergoing palliative chemotherapy. Potential effects of training programs on the patients' quality of life, physical performance, physical activity in daily living, and biological parameters were exploratorily evaluated. Patients were randomly assigned ...
Cormie P P Edith Cowan University Health and Wellness Institute, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, - - 2014
To determine if supervised exercise minimises treatment toxicity in prostate cancer patients initiating androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). This is the first study to date which has investigated the potential role of exercise in preventing ADT toxicity rather than recovering from established toxicities. Sixty-three men scheduled to receive ADT were randomly ...
Dos Reis Filipe Abdalla FA 1 Department of Physiotherapy, University Anhanguera-Uniderp , Campo Grande, MS, Brazil - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) before and after exercise on quadriceps muscle performance, and to evaluate the changes in serum lactate and creatine kinase (CK) levels. Methods: The study was randomized, double blind, and placebo controlled. Patients: A ...
Chen Tina Yen-Ting TY Department of Surgery P, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2014
To investigate how bowel dysfunction after sphincter-preserving rectal cancer treatment, known as low anterior resection syndrome (LARS), is perceived by rectal cancer specialists, in relation to the patient's experience. Questionnaire study. International. 58 rectal cancer specialists (45 colorectal surgeons and 13 radiation oncologists). The Low Anterior Resection Syndrome Score (LARS ...
Cnossen Ingrid C IC VU University Medical Center, Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, - - 2014
During a 6-week course of (chemo)radiation many head and neck cancer patients have to endure radiotherapy-induced toxicity, negatively affecting patients' quality of life. Pretreatment counseling combined with self-help exercises could be provided to inform patients and possibly prevent them from having speech, swallowing, and shoulder problems during and after treatment. ...
Dieli-Conwright Christina M CM Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, 1540 E, Alcazar St, CHP 155, 90089 Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasingly present in breast cancer survivors, possibly worsened by cancer-related treatments, such as chemotherapy. MetS greatly increases risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, co-morbidities that could impair the survivorship experience, and possibly lead to cancer recurrence. Exercise has been shown to positively influence quality of life ...
Ko Il-Gyu IG Department of Exercise Physiology and Prescription, Graduate School of Health Promotion, Hanseo - - 2014
Aging increases the risk of chronic diseases including cancers. Physical exercise has the beneficial effects for the elderly susceptible to the development of cancers, through maintaining a healthy body condition and improving the immune system. However, excessive or insufficient exercise might increase the risk for cancer. In the present study, ...
Gardner Jason R JR Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2013
Androgen-deprivation therapy is a commonly used treatment for men with prostate cancer; however, the adverse effects can be detrimental to patient health and quality of life. Exercise has been proposed as a strategy for ameliorating a range of these treatment-related adverse effects. We conducted a systematic review of the literature ...
Sturgeon Kathleen M KM School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, - - 2013
Asymptomatic cardiotoxicity following breast cancer treatment is a significant issue for many patients, as these patients typically face an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Exercise has well established benefits to improve and maintain cardiovascular function across patients with and without CVD. However, there is a dearth of information on ...
James-Martin G - - 2013
While advanced cancer is often associated with weight loss, curative cancer treatment is often associated with weight gain. Weight gain during treatment may be associated with greater risk of cancer recurrence and development of lifestyle diseases. Currently, limited resources are available to cancer patients focussed on weight control. This study ...
Cavalheri Vinicius - - 2013
To determine the effects of exercise training on exercise capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), lung function (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)) and quadriceps force in people who have had a recent lung resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled ...
Gho Sheridan A - - 2013
Although participating in exercise is beneficial for breast cancer survivors, not being able to find a comfortable exercise bra can be a barrier to exercise. It is likely that side effects specific to breast cancer treatment exacerbate exercise bra discomfort. This study aimed to determine the relationship between patient characteristics, ...
Smith Webb A WA Department of Epidemiology and Cancer Control, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, - - 2013
Childhood cancer survivors (CCS) treated with anthracyclines are at risk for cardiomyopathy. This case series evaluated the response of anthracycline exposed CCS with subclinical cardiomyopathy to aerobic and strength training. Body composition, strength and cardiopulmonary fitness were evaluated before and after the 12-week intervention. All equipment and materials were provided ...
Vissing Christoffer R CR Neuromuscular Research Unit, Department of Neurology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, - - 2013
Introduction: Anoctamin 5 deficiency has recently been defined to cause limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2L (LGMD2L) with pronounced hyperCKemia. No treatment interventions have been made so far in this condition. Methods: In 6 patients with LGMD2L, we studied the effect of home-based, pulse-watch monitored, moderate-intensity exercise on a cycle ergometer ...
Pauli Nina - - 2013
Background. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of structured exercise with jaw mobilizing devices on trismus and its effect on trismus symptomatology and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in head and neck (H&N) cancer patients. Material and methods. Fifty patients with H&N cancer and trismus, i.e. ...
McCullough Danielle Jillian - - 2013
Regular physical exercise is considered to be an integral component of cancer care strategies. However, the effect of exercise training on tumor microvascular oxygenation, hypoxia, and vascular function, all of which can affect the tumor microenvironment, remains unknown. Using an orthotopic pre-clinical model of prostate cancer we tested the hypotheses ...
Shinn Eileen Huh - - 2013
To reduce the risk of long-term swallowing complications after radiation, swallowing exercises may be helpful. Both the rate of adherence to swallowing exercises and its impact on future swallowing function are unknown. In all, 109 patients with oropharyngeal cancer beginning radiation were tracked for 2 years to determine adherence to ...
Buffart L M - - 2013
Mediating mechanisms of a 12-week group-based exercise intervention on cancer survivors' quality of life (QoL) were examined to inform future exercise intervention development. Two hundred nine cancer survivors ≥3 months posttreatment (57% breast cancer) aged 49.5 (±10.4) years were assigned to physical exercise (n = 147) or wait-list control (n = 62). QoL, fatigue, emotional ...
Beydoun Nadine - - 2013
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is an important component of modern prostate cancer treatment. Survival benefits from neo-adjuvant and adjuvant hormones may take years to manifest, and balancing this with potential morbidity of therapy can be challenging. This study aimed to assess whether education and short-term combined aerobic and resistance exercises ...
Galvão Daniel A - - 2013
Long-term prostate cancer (PCa) survivors are at increased risk for comorbidities and physical deconditioning. To determine the effectiveness of a year-long randomised controlled trial of exercise training in PCa survivors >5 yr postdiagnosis on physical functioning. Between 2010 and 2011, 100 long-term PCa survivors from Trans-Tasman Radiation Oncology Group 03.04 ...
Bourke Liam - - 2013
The beneficial effects of regular exercise for people living with or beyond cancer are becoming apparent. However, how to promote exercise behaviour in sedentary cancer cohorts is not as well understood. A large majority of people living with or recovering from cancer do not meet exercise recommendations. Hence, reviewing the ...
Simon J-P - - 2013
Introduction.- Exercise intolerance (EI) is a frequent motive for seeking neuromuscular consultation and may be a sign of metabolic disease or, rarely, muscular dystrophy. The diagnosis is not established in many patients with a typical clinical presentation. Nevertheless, some of them complain of sleep disorders and more especially of restless ...
Harrington Joanne M - - 2013
Purpose/Objectives: To investigate acceptability of and preferences for physical activity participation in men receiving androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer, to identify influencing clinical and demographic factors, and to determine the percentage meeting national exercise guidelines.Design: Cross-sectional, descriptive.Setting: Ambulatory care clinic of a large medical center.Sample: 135 men receiving ADT.Methods: ...
Hefferon Kate - - 2013
Due to the amount of literature supporting exercise participation after cancer diagnosis, there has been recent interest in barriers to exercise engagement among cancer patients. However, little is known regarding reasons why people choose to disengage and how this disengagement occurs over time. This study aimed to qualitatively study the ...
Xin Ling - - 2013
We investigated the existence of contralateral repeated bout effect (RBE) and tested if the attenuation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB; an important regulator of muscle inflammation) induction following eccentric exercise is a potential mechanism. Thirty-one healthy men performed two bouts of knee extension eccentric exercise, initially with one leg, and ...
Opie Lionel H - - 2013
The positive health benefits of statins extend beyond the cardiovascular and include increased flow mediated dilation, decreased atrial fibrillation, modest antihypertensive effects and reduced risks of malignancies. Prominent among the statin side-effects are myalgia and muscular weakness, which may be associated with a rise in circulating creatine kinase values. In ...
Stene G B - - 2013
Cancer treatment and its side effects may cause muscle wasting. Physical exercise has the potential to increase muscle mass and strength and to improve physical function in cancer patients undergoing treatment. A systematic review was conducted to study the effect of physical exercise (aerobic, resistance or a combination of both) ...
Johnston Rich D - - 2013
Physical contact is frequent in rugby league competition and is thought to be a major contributor to the fatigue and creatine kinase (CK) response, although direct evidence is lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence that physical contact had on the fatigue and CK response to ...
Bao Ping-Ping - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an established risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and mortality. Limited data are available on the prevalence of MetS and its association with exercise among breast cancer survivors. The present study included 1,696 breast cancer survivors from the Shanghai Breast Cancer Survival Study, a population-based prospective cohort ...
Wang Na - - 2013
Moderate-intensity exercise has attracted considerable attention because of its safety and many health benefits. Tai Chi, a form of mind-body exercise that originated in ancient China, has been gaining popularity. Practicing Tai Chi may improve overall health and well-being; however, to our knowledge, no study has evaluated its relationship with ...
Litterini Amy J - - 2013
To compare the effects of resistance and cardiovascular exercise on functional mobility in individuals with advanced cancer. Prospective, two-group pretest-posttest pilot study with randomization to either resistance or cardiovascular exercise mode. Comprehensive Community Cancer Center and a hospital-based fitness facility PARTICIPANTS: Volunteer sample of 66 individuals (30 males, 36 females, ...
Zimmer Philipp - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Exercise seems to minimize prostate cancer specific mortality risk and treatment related side effects like fatigue and incontinence. However the influence of physical activity on the immunological level remains uncertain. Even prostate cancer patients undergoing palliative treatment often have a relatively long life span compared to other cancer entities. ...
Lemanne Dawn - - 2013
An informal review of literature on exercise and cancer was undertaken in order to examine the role of exercise in cancer prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and late survivorship. Population-wide studies show that cancer incidence decreases with increasing physical activity levels. Exercise can decrease the side effects of anticancer therapy, and can ...
Pearcey Gregory E P - - 2013
: The authors report a case of exercise-induced (exertional) rhabdomyolysis in a male athlete/exercise physiology professor who started a high-intensity resistance training program after a period of detraining. The subject performed 1 high-intensity resistance training session that consisted of 48 total sets of push-ups (24) and chin-ups (24) with no ...
Midtgaard J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior and impaired cardiovascular reserve capacity are common late effects of cancer therapy emphasizing the need for effective strategies to increase physical activity (PA) in cancer survivors. We examined the efficacy of a 12-month exercise-based rehabilitation program on self-reported PA, cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak), strength, and patient-reported outcomes. PATIENTS ...
Dorey Grace - - 2013
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK. Treatment with radical prostatectomy may produce risk factors that commonly include urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction. Post-prostatectomy incontinence can be classified as either stress urinary incontinence, urge urinary incontinence or post-micturition dribble. Evidence has shown that these embarrassing ...
Vandersluis Avi D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The relationships between diet, exercise, and prostate cancer (PCa) remain unclear. We have previously reported that a "Western" diet promotes PCa tumor growth in vivo. Presently, we report the effects of sustained aerobic exercise on PCa progression in animals fed a high-fat diet versus a standard diet. METHODS: Athymic ...
Andersen Søren P - - 2013
Introduction: We investigated the effect of high-intensity exercise on plasma creatine kinase (CK) in persons with muscular dystrophies. Method: Fourteen patients with Becker (BMD), facioscapulhumeral (FSHD), or limb-girdle type 2 (LGMD2) muscular dystrophy, and 8 healthy subjects performed 5 cycling tests: an incremental max test, and tests at 65, 75, ...
Nogueira Felipe Romano Damas - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To compare the susceptibility of elbow flexors (EF) and knee extensors (KE) to eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage in older individuals, since ageing could modulate the difference in the susceptibility to muscle damage between muscles. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and cross-over study design. METHODS: Eight older (61.6±1.8 years) adults performed 5 sets ...
Ramírez A Susana - - 2013
The amount of cancer-related information available to the general population continues to grow; yet, its effects are unclear. This study extends previous cross-sectional research establishing that cancer information seeking across a variety of sources is extensive and positively associated with engaging in health-related behaviors. The authors studied how active information ...
Speed-Andrews Amy E - - 2013
To estimate the prevalence and correlates of meeting the public health strength exercise guidelines (≥2 days/week) in colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors. A random sample of 600 CRC survivors in Alberta, Canada, completed a mailed questionnaire assessing medical, demographic, and behavioral variables and participation in strength exercise. About a quarter (25.5%) ...
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