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Smaerup Michael M Department of Geriatrics, Aarhus University Hospital, DK-8000 Aarhus C. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare a computer exercise program with conservative home-training following printed instructions in the rehabilitation of elderly patients with vestibular dysfunction. Single-blind, randomized, controlled trial. Geriatric Department, Aarhus University Hospital. Sixty-three elderly patients with chronic dizziness due to vestibular dysfunction were randomly assigned to either rehabilitation in the clinic followed ...
Clark J J Division of Mathematics, Science, and Health Careers, Department of Science, ManchesterCommunity College, Manchester, CT, USA - - - 2014
With the epidemic rise in obesity and related health issues in children and adolescents there have been numerous types of treatments established in means to slow or reverse this trend. In effort to examine the effect for responses to the methods utilized for treatment a systematic review of the current ...
Yeh Shih-Ching SC Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Central University, Jhongli, - - 2014
Chronic imbalance is common in patients with vestibular dysfunction. Vestibular rehabilitation is effective in improving upright balance control. Vestibular rehabilitation exercises, such as Cawthorne-Cooksey exercises, include simple repetitive movements and have limited feedback and adaptive training protocols. Interactive systems based on virtual reality (VR) technology may improve vestibular rehabilitation.OBJECTIVE: The ...
Wedin J O JO Department of Clinical Chemistry, Sundsvall County Hospital, Sundsvall, - - 2014
Cardiac biomarker release after exercise is well documented in endurance sports, but neither the impact of intermittent high-intensity exercise nor the reproducibility has yet been established. Floorball, a popular sport in Scandinavia, involves intermittent periods of high-intensity exercise. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and reproducibility of elevated cardiac ...
Eyigor Sibel S Sibel Eyigor, Sedef Akdeniz, Rehabilitation Department, Faculty of Medicine Physical Therapy, Ege University, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, - - 2014
Exercise and rehabilitation approaches in palliative care programs for cancer patients affect patients' symptoms, physical functioning, muscle strength, emotional wellbeing, psychological symptoms, functional capacities, quality of life, mortality and morbidity positively. Based on scientific data, palliative cancer patients should be recommended to participate in exercise programs. There is no standard ...
Jankowski Catherine M CM College of Nursing, University of Colorado, Mail Stop C288-19, 13120 E. 19th Avenue, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA, - - 2014
Translating evidence-based exercise interventions into practice is important for expanding the capacity to support cancer survivors. Using the reach, efficacy/effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance (RE-AIM) framework and scoping study methodology, we addressed the research question, "What is known about the maintenance of exercise interventions for cancer survivors that would inform ...
Steindorf K K Division of Preventive Oncology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) and National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT), Heidelberg, - - 2014
Exercise has been reported to decrease cancer-related fatigue and to increase quality of life (QoL) in various breast cancer populations. However, studies investigating exercise during radiotherapy or resistance training are scarce. We conducted a randomized controlled trial (BEST study) to assess the efficacy of 12-week resistance training on fatigue beyond ...
Hamilton K K Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, - - 2014
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for the management of prostate cancer results in a range of side effects including sexual dysfunction. Exercise is proposed as a potentially effective therapy to counteract changes in sexual function. The current study explored the impact of ADT on men's sexuality and the effect of exercise ...
Dungen Ilse A van den IA 1 Department of Anesthesiology, Pain and Palliative Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center , Nijmegen, The Netherlands - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Our aim was to investigate the feasibility of completing an exercise program in patients with advanced cancer and to obtain preliminary data of its impact on physical and quality of life (QoL) outcomes. Methods: We conducted a nonrandomized pilot study. Participants were 26 palliative care patients with advanced ...
Karall D D Division of Inherited Metabolic Disorders, Medical University Innsbruck, Clinic for Pediatrics I, Inherited Metabolic Disorders, Innsbruck, Austria, - - 2014
Exercise and subsequent catabolism is a potential trigger for creatine kinase (CK) concentration increase (rhabdomyolysis) in patients with LCHADD, therefore we evaluated the clinical and biochemical stability under physical exertion conditions at the age of 13 years in a currently 14-year-old LCHADD patient treated with heptanoate.LCHADD was diagnosed during first ...
Higgins Kristin A KA Department of Radiation Oncology, Emory University School of Medicine and Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
It has been demonstrated that regular exercise improves the quality of life in patients undergoing treatment for lung cancer and has been associated with reductions in cancer-specific mortality in patients with colon and breast cancer. The direct effects of cardiovascular exercise on lung cancer tumor biology, however, remain unknown. The ...
Clément-Guillotin C C LAMHESS, University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Nice, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine whether exercising can positively influence the stereotypes associated with individuals with cancer and, more specifically, have an effect on the impression formation related to warmth and competence. A total of 193 French college students (Mage  = 21.08, SD = 1.44 years; 88 females and 105 males) ...
Cornish Rahchell S RS School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane QLD, - - 2014
To examine the acute effect of caffeine on exercise capacity, exercise-related fatigue and functional performance in prostate cancer survivors. In this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded crossover study, 30 prostate cancer survivors (age 70.3±7.7 yr, body mass 80.5±13.0 kg, mean±SD) consumed 6.04±0.16 mg·kg anhydrous caffeine or a placebo one hour prior to ...
Mayo Nancy E NE Division of Clinical Epidemiology, McGill University Health Center (MUHC), MUHC Research Institute, Canada - - 2014
Mechanisms for cancer related fatigue suggest that exercise but "not too much and not too little" could be effective. This study aimed to investigate feasibility and estimate the potential effects of a walking exercise program in people with advanced cancer and fatigue. A pilot randomized trial. McGill University Health Centre ...
Vallilo Camilla Carlini CC Thoracic Surgery Division, Heart Institute of Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Bronchiectasis is a significant cause of morbidity. Surgical resection is a treatment option, but its main outcomes regarding quality of life (QOL) and physiologic consequences have not been addressed previously, to our knowledge. We aimed to evaluate the effect of surgical procedures on QOL, exercise capacity, and lung function in patients with bronchiectasis in whom ...
Casla S S INEF Technical University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain, - - 2014
The number of breast cancer survivors increases every year, thanks to the development of new treatments and screening techniques. However, patients present with numerous side effects that may affect their quality of life. Exercise has been demonstrated to reduce some of these side effects, but in spite of this, few ...
O'Hanlon E E Department of Clinical Therapies, Faculty of Education and Health Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, - - 2014
Little is known about the extent of exercise prescription within cancer care. This cross-sectional survey aims to identify Irish oncology nurses and physiotherapists' current knowledge and practice in prescribing exercise for cancer care and barriers to such prescription. An online survey was distributed to the Chartered Physiotherapists in Oncology and ...
Lee Myung Kyung MK Kyungpook National University, College of Nursing, Daegu, South - - 2014
Regular exercise and dietary practices have been shown to affect the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and survival of breast cancer patients. The current study aimed to investigate whether the WSEDI was a feasible and primarily effective method for promoting exercise and dietary behaviours for breast cancer patients. A 12-week ...
Scott Jessica M JM 1Universities Space Research Association, Houston, Texas, USA; 2Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA; 3Centre for Heart, Lung and Vascular Health, School of Health and Exercise Sciences, University of British Columbia, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada; 4Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, - - 2014
In order to accurately assess exercise interventions and to evaluate acute and chronic cardiovascular effects in patients with early-stage cancer, consistently reliable functional outcome measures must be obtained. An incremental cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) with gas exchange measurement, to assess peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2), provides the gold standard outcome ...
Götte Miriam M Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster, - - 2014
Due to growing evidence about the value of exercise in pediatric cancer patients, the purpose of this study was to determine factors that influence participation in physical activities and exercise in children and adolescents during treatment. This cross-sectional qualitative study included 40 pediatric cancer patients during intensive treatment. Patients were ...
Meneghel Adilson J AJ 1 Human Performance Research Group - College of Health Science, Methodist University of Piracicaba (UNIMEP), Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil 2 Faculty Adventist of Hortolandia (UNASP), Hortolandia, Sao Paulo, Brazil 3 School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, Brazil 4 School of Exercise and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University (ECU), Joondalup, WA, Australia 5 Post-Graduation Program in Physical Education/Department of Sport Sciences, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
The present study tested the hypothesis that resistance-trained individuals would also show less muscle damage in the second than the first eccentric exercise bout (i.e. repeated bout effect) as shown in untrained individuals. This study investigated changes in indirect markers of muscle damage following 2 bouts of free weight eccentric ...
Hill Jessica J 1School of Sport, Health, and Applied Science, St. Mary's University College, Twickenham, UK. 2School Life of Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK. 3English Institute of Sport, Marlow, UK. 4Centre for Aquatic Research, University of Johannesburg, South - - 2014
Strenuous physical activity can result in exercise induced muscle damage. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a lower limb compression garment in accelerating recovery from a marathon run. Twenty four subjects (female n= 7, male n= 17) completed a marathon run before being assigned to ...
Wall Bradley A BA 1School of Psychology and Exercise Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Australia; 2Edith Cowan University Health and Wellness Institute, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia; 3School of Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, Australia; 4School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; 5Department of Radiation Oncology, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, WA, Australia; 6Faculty of Medicine, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA, - - 2014
Exercise is being increasingly established as a key adjuvant therapy in clinical oncology. As research has demonstrated the beneficial impact of exercise for cancer management, a growing number of cancer patients are undertaking structured exercise programs. To determine the safety and feasibility of formal exercise testing in clinical settings as ...
Rodrigues Marcos Rojo MR Sports Center, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common form of muscular dystrophy in children, and children with DMD die prematurely because of respiratory failure. We sought to determine the efficacy and safety of yoga breathing exercises, as well as the effects of those exercises on respiratory function, in such children. ...
Winger Joseph G JG Department of Psychology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, 402 North Blackford Street, LD 134, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA, - - 2014
Diet and exercise interventions for cancer survivors result in health benefits; however, few studies have examined health outcomes in relation to adherence. We examined associations between adherence to components of a diet-exercise intervention and survivors' physical and mental health. A randomized controlled trial tested a telephone and mailed print intervention ...
Cormie Prue - - 2014
Despite being a critical survivorship care issue, there is a clear gap in current knowledge of the optimal treatment of sexual dysfunction in men with prostate cancer. There is sound theoretical rationale and emerging evidence that exercise may be an innovative therapy to counteract sexual dysfunction in men with prostate ...
Courneya Kerry S KS 1University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; 2Ottawa Hospital Regional Cancer Center, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; 3University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; 4British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; 5Alberta Health Services, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; 6University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; 7Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Observational studies suggest that physical activity after a breast cancer diagnosis is associated with improved cancer outcomes; however, no randomized data are available. Here, we report an exploratory follow-up of cancer outcomes from the Supervised Trial of Aerobic versus Resistance Training (START). The START Trial was a Canadian multicenter trial ...
Koch A J AJ Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Lenoir-Rhyne University, Hickory, NC - - 2014
Resistance exercise can result in localized damage to muscle tissue. This damage may be observed in sarcolemma, basal lamina, as well as, in the contractile elements and the cytoskeleton. Usually the damage is accompanied by release of enzymes such as creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase, myoglobin and other proteins ...
Luoma Minna-Liisa ML Department of Oncology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, P.O.Box 180, 00029 HUS, Finland. - - 2014
Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate how tailored exercise is experienced by cancer survivors. Twenty-five breast cancer survivors who were recently treated with systemic adjuvant treatments attended tailored exercise classes as a part of a randomized controlled exercise intervention study (Breast Cancer and Exercise, BREX). Focus group ...
Jensen Wiebke W Department of Oncology/Hematology/Bone marrow Transplantation/Pneumology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany, - - 2014
This pilot study aimed to investigate the feasibility of two different training programs in patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer undergoing palliative chemotherapy. Potential effects of training programs on the patients' quality of life, physical performance, physical activity in daily living, and biological parameters were exploratorily evaluated. Patients were randomly assigned ...
Cormie P P Edith Cowan University Health and Wellness Institute, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, - - 2014
To determine if supervised exercise minimises treatment toxicity in prostate cancer patients initiating androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). This is the first study to date which has investigated the potential role of exercise in preventing ADT toxicity rather than recovering from established toxicities. Sixty-three men scheduled to receive ADT were randomly ...
Dos Reis Filipe Abdalla FA 1 Department of Physiotherapy, University Anhanguera-Uniderp , Campo Grande, MS, Brazil - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) before and after exercise on quadriceps muscle performance, and to evaluate the changes in serum lactate and creatine kinase (CK) levels. Methods: The study was randomized, double blind, and placebo controlled. Patients: A ...
Chen Tina Yen-Ting TY Department of Surgery P, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2014
To investigate how bowel dysfunction after sphincter-preserving rectal cancer treatment, known as low anterior resection syndrome (LARS), is perceived by rectal cancer specialists, in relation to the patient's experience. Questionnaire study. International. 58 rectal cancer specialists (45 colorectal surgeons and 13 radiation oncologists). The Low Anterior Resection Syndrome Score (LARS ...
Cnossen Ingrid C IC VU University Medical Center, Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, - - 2014
During a 6-week course of (chemo)radiation many head and neck cancer patients have to endure radiotherapy-induced toxicity, negatively affecting patients' quality of life. Pretreatment counseling combined with self-help exercises could be provided to inform patients and possibly prevent them from having speech, swallowing, and shoulder problems during and after treatment. ...
Dieli-Conwright Christina M CM Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, 1540 E, Alcazar St, CHP 155, 90089 Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasingly present in breast cancer survivors, possibly worsened by cancer-related treatments, such as chemotherapy. MetS greatly increases risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, co-morbidities that could impair the survivorship experience, and possibly lead to cancer recurrence. Exercise has been shown to positively influence quality of life ...
Ko Il-Gyu IG Department of Exercise Physiology and Prescription, Graduate School of Health Promotion, Hanseo - - 2014
Aging increases the risk of chronic diseases including cancers. Physical exercise has the beneficial effects for the elderly susceptible to the development of cancers, through maintaining a healthy body condition and improving the immune system. However, excessive or insufficient exercise might increase the risk for cancer. In the present study, ...
Windholz Tamara T Segal Cancer Centre, Jewish General Hospital, 3755 Cote Ste Catherine, H3T 1E2 Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
To determine the feasibility and acceptability of lower limb neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) as a home-based exercise therapy in patients with cancer who could not attend hospital-based exercise training. A single-arm prospective pilot study of NMES, applied daily to both quadriceps muscles for six weeks. Participants were recruited from patients ...
Gardner Jason R JR All authors: Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Androgen-deprivation therapy is a commonly used treatment for men with prostate cancer; however, the adverse effects can be detrimental to patient health and quality of life. Exercise has been proposed as a strategy for ameliorating a range of these treatment-related adverse effects. We conducted a systematic review of the literature ...
Sturgeon Kathleen M KM School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, - - 2013
Asymptomatic cardiotoxicity following breast cancer treatment is a significant issue for many patients, as these patients typically face an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Exercise has well established benefits to improve and maintain cardiovascular function across patients with and without CVD. However, there is a dearth of information on ...
James-Martin G - - 2013
While advanced cancer is often associated with weight loss, curative cancer treatment is often associated with weight gain. Weight gain during treatment may be associated with greater risk of cancer recurrence and development of lifestyle diseases. Currently, limited resources are available to cancer patients focussed on weight control. This study ...
Cavalheri Vinicius - - 2013
To determine the effects of exercise training on exercise capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), lung function (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)) and quadriceps force in people who have had a recent lung resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled ...
Gho Sheridan A - - 2013
Although participating in exercise is beneficial for breast cancer survivors, not being able to find a comfortable exercise bra can be a barrier to exercise. It is likely that side effects specific to breast cancer treatment exacerbate exercise bra discomfort. This study aimed to determine the relationship between patient characteristics, ...
Smith Webb A WA Department of Epidemiology and Cancer Control, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, - - 2013
Childhood cancer survivors (CCS) treated with anthracyclines are at risk for cardiomyopathy. This case series evaluated the response of anthracycline exposed CCS with subclinical cardiomyopathy to aerobic and strength training. Body composition, strength and cardiopulmonary fitness were evaluated before and after the 12-week intervention. All equipment and materials were provided ...
Vissing Christoffer R CR Neuromuscular Research Unit, Department of Neurology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, - - 2013
Introduction: Anoctamin 5 deficiency has recently been defined to cause limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2L (LGMD2L) with pronounced hyperCKemia. No treatment interventions have been made so far in this condition. Methods: In 6 patients with LGMD2L, we studied the effect of home-based, pulse-watch monitored, moderate-intensity exercise on a cycle ergometer ...
Pauli Nina - - 2013
Background. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of structured exercise with jaw mobilizing devices on trismus and its effect on trismus symptomatology and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in head and neck (H&N) cancer patients. Material and methods. Fifty patients with H&N cancer and trismus, i.e. ...
McCullough Danielle Jillian - - 2013
Regular physical exercise is considered to be an integral component of cancer care strategies. However, the effect of exercise training on tumor microvascular oxygenation, hypoxia, and vascular function, all of which can affect the tumor microenvironment, remains unknown. Using an orthotopic pre-clinical model of prostate cancer we tested the hypotheses ...
Shinn Eileen Huh - - 2013
To reduce the risk of long-term swallowing complications after radiation, swallowing exercises may be helpful. Both the rate of adherence to swallowing exercises and its impact on future swallowing function are unknown. In all, 109 patients with oropharyngeal cancer beginning radiation were tracked for 2 years to determine adherence to ...
Buffart L M - - 2013
Mediating mechanisms of a 12-week group-based exercise intervention on cancer survivors' quality of life (QoL) were examined to inform future exercise intervention development. Two hundred nine cancer survivors ≥3 months posttreatment (57% breast cancer) aged 49.5 (±10.4) years were assigned to physical exercise (n = 147) or wait-list control (n = 62). QoL, fatigue, emotional ...
Beydoun Nadine - - 2013
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is an important component of modern prostate cancer treatment. Survival benefits from neo-adjuvant and adjuvant hormones may take years to manifest, and balancing this with potential morbidity of therapy can be challenging. This study aimed to assess whether education and short-term combined aerobic and resistance exercises ...
Galvão Daniel A - - 2013
Long-term prostate cancer (PCa) survivors are at increased risk for comorbidities and physical deconditioning. To determine the effectiveness of a year-long randomised controlled trial of exercise training in PCa survivors >5 yr postdiagnosis on physical functioning. Between 2010 and 2011, 100 long-term PCa survivors from Trans-Tasman Radiation Oncology Group 03.04 ...
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