Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1165
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Hagobian Todd A - - 2004
The number of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) participating in sports at recreational and elite levels is on the rise. However, loss of autonomic nervous system function below the lesion can compromise thermoregulatory capacity and increase the risk of heat stress relative to able-bodied (AB) individuals. PURPOSE: To test ...
Waterhouse James - - 2004
Eight healthy subjects exercised at 90watts on a cycle ergometer on four occasions, at times close to the minimum, maximum rate of rise, maximum, and maximum rate of fall of their resting core temperature. The duration of exercise was determined by the time taken for the core (rectal) temperature to ...
Hue O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine the acclimation process elicited by exposure to a tropical climate. METHODS: Nine triathletes performed 3 outdoor indirect continuous running multistage tests in both thermoneutral and tropical conditions. Before travelling to the tropical area (Martinique Island, FWI), the triathletes performed the thermoneutral test (TN) ...
Steiss J - - 2004
Ten healthy Labrador Retrievers (4 females and 6 males aged 3-6.5 years [mean, 4.5 years]) training with a professional trainer were studied. The dogs were in training during the entire study. Dogs were monitored within 5 minutes after retrieving birds on land and in water on 2 consecutive days during ...
Rosene John M. - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of creatine supplementation on thermoregulation in males and females during exercise in a thermoneutral environment. DESIGN AND SETTING: Male and female subjects participated in 30 minutes of cycle ergometry in nonsupplemented (NS) and creatine-supplemented (Cr) conditions at 70% to 75% of predetermined peak oxygen consumption. ...
Maltais Désirée - - 2004
PURPOSE: In response to passive heating, adults with hemispheric brain infarction demonstrate lower skin temperatures (Tsk) and higher sweating rates (SR) on the affected side. It is unknown whether children with similar conditions demonstrate a similar response and whether this response is advantageous to defending body temperature during exercise in ...
Melodelima David - - 2004
In the high-intensity focused ultrasound (US), or HIFU, field, it is well-known that the cavitation effect can be used to induce lesions of larger volume. The principle is based on the increase in the equivalent attenuation coefficient of the tissue in the presence of the bubbles created by cavitation. The ...
Smolander Juhani - - 2004
The aim of the study was to examine the effects of wearing an ice-vest (ca 1 kg) on physiological and subjective responses in fire fighters. The experiments were carried out on a treadmill in a hot-dry environment. The physical cooling effect of the ice-vest was measured with a thermal manikin. ...
Okishige Kaoru - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RF-CA) of common atrial flutter (AFL) requires the creation of a transmural incision to create a bidirectional conduction block in the cavotricuspid isthmus (ITH). METHODS AND RESULTS: RF-CA of the ITH using a cooled-tip system was carried out in 40 patients. In the 'conventional' mode (CONV) ...
Leon Gloria R - - 2004
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of different cooling regime intensities to maintain physiological and subjective comfort during physical exertion levels comparable to that engaged in during extravehicular activities (EVA) in space. We studied eight subjects (six males, two females) donned in our newly developed physiologically ...
Butudom Prawit - - 2004
To determine whether temperature of rehydration fluid influences voluntary rehydration by horses, six 2-3-year-old horses were dehydrated (4-5% body weight loss) by a combination of furosemide administration and 30 km of treadmill exercise. For the initial 5 min following exercise, horses were offered a 0.9% NaCl solution at 10, 20, ...
Grissom Colin K - - 2004
Previous retrospective studies report a core body temperature cooling rate of 3 degrees C/h during avalanche burial. Hypercapnia occurs during avalanche burial secondary to rebreathing expired air, and the effect of hypercapnia on hypothermia during avalanche burial is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the core temperature ...
Southwood Amanda L - - 2003
We measured activity levels, oxygen consumption, metabolic enzyme activity, breathing frequency, heart rate and blood chemistry variables of juvenile green turtles exposed to a laboratory simulation of subtropical winter and summer temperatures (17-26 degrees C) and photoperiod (10.25 h:13.75 h to 14 h:10 h light:dark). The activity level of turtles ...
Armada-da-Silva P A S - - 2004
Increased body temperature is thought to be an important component of the higher perception of exertion that is a feature of fatigue during exercise in the heat but a causal relationship has yet to be demonstrated. We have investigated the effect of passive heating on the perception of exertion during ...
Valtorta Silvia E - - 2004
Twenty-four grazing Holstein cows in mid and late lactation were randomly assigned to two treatment groups: control and cooled. The trial was performed at the Experimental Dairy Unit, Rafaela Agricultural Experimental Station (INTA), Argentina. The objective was to evaluate the effects of sprinkler and fan cooling before milkings on milk ...
Knight Derek A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate active rewarming using continuous arteriovenous rewarming (CAVR) and continuous venovenous rewarming (CVVR) methods during severe hypothermia using an electromagnetic fluid warmer. Rapid rewarming using these techniques is superior to passive rewarming and is possible with commercially available equipment. METHODS: Eighteen swine ...
Bridge M W - - 2003
Pituitary hormones have an important role during exercise yet relatively little is known about the stimulus for their release. Body temperature progressively increases during prolonged steady-state exercise in the heat and we have investigated the role that this may play in the release of prolactin, growth hormone and cortisol (as ...
Voltaire B B "Laboratoire Adaptation au Climat Tropical" ed à l'Exercice (ACTE), University of Antilles, Guyan, Pointe è Pitre Cédex, Guadeloupe, Guyan. - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of a hot/wet climate on thermoregulation and cardiac responses during a prolonged effort in natives to tropical climate. 22 healthy trained subjects volunteered to perform 3 trials of submaximal cycling of 1 hour each. Two of the trials were performed ...
Kenny Glen P - - 2003
The hypothesis that the magnitude of the postexercise onset threshold for sweating is increased by the intensity of exercise was tested in eight subjects. Esophageal temperature was monitored as an index of core temperature while sweat rate was measured by using a ventilated capsule placed on the upper back. Subjects ...
Baker P J - - 2003
We conducted a 3-year field and laboratory study of winter biology in hatchlings of the northern map turtle ( Graptemys geographica). At our study area in northern Indiana, hatchlings routinely overwintered in their natal nests, emerging after the weather warmed in spring. Winter survival was excellent despite the fact that ...
Osorio R A L - - 2003
We studied the chronic effect of exercise during water immersion, associated with thermal stress (water temperature at 22, 35 and 40 degrees C) at an intensity of 80% of maximal work load supported in pregnant rats (P) and non-pregnant female rats (NP). P and NP were subdivided into three subgroups ...
Ricklefs Robert E - - 2003
We developed a protocol for determining the maximum rate of oxygen consumption of shorebird chicks (Scolopacidae and Charadriidae) in response to cold challenge. We first subjected the chicks to gradually decreasing temperatures until their metabolism peaked and began to decrease. We ended the cooling phase of a trial when a ...
Shibasaki Manabu - - 2003
Spaceflight and its bed rest analog [6 degrees head-down tilt (HDT)] decrease plasma and blood volume and aerobic capacity. These responses may be associated with impaired thermoregulatory responses observed during exercise and passive heating after HDT exposure. This project tested the hypothesis that dynamic exercise during 13 days of HDT ...
Ozkaya Y G - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of mild chronic exercise on visual evoked potentials (VEPs). Twenty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: Control (C) and Exercise (E) groups. Exercise was performed on a motor-driven treadmill for 8 weeks. After 5 min of exercise, ...
Price Michael J - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of the level of spinal cord injury upon the thermoregulatory responses of wheelchair athletes during prolonged wheelchair exercise in warm conditions. METHODS: Eight tetraplegic (TP), 10 high-level paraplegic (HP), and 10 low-level paraplegic (LP) athletes exercised for 60 min at 60% [OV0312]O(2peak) in a ...
Babyranidevi S - - 2003
During composting limited degradation of organic matter occurs due to the influence of various factors such as presence of lignin, resistant nature of cellulose, high temperature, etc. During windrow composting, temperature within the waste mass rises and limitation in degradability of organic matter, studies on composting in temperature range of ...
Gordon Christopher J - - 2003
Environmental physiology is the study of the physiological mechanisms that allow animals to cope with and adapt to changes in temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, and other natural factors of their physical environment. Nearly all toxicological and pharmacological studies are performed in resting (i.e., nonexercising) experimental animals acclimatized to standard environmental ...
Cheuvront Samuel N - - 2003
The vasomotor response to cold may compromise the capacity for microclimate cooling (MCC) to reduce thermoregulatory strain. This study examined the hypothesis that intermittent, regional MCC (IRC) would abate this response and improve heat loss when compared with constant MCC (CC) during exercise heat stress. In addition, the relative effectiveness ...
Pacheco-Cobos L - - 2003
Newborn rabbits, like other altricial mammals, demonstrate thermotaxis and when placed on a thermal gradient locate and come to rest at physiologically appropriate temperatures. Little is known, however, about the sensory-motor components contributing to the in energetic terms important decision of the young to cease locomotion and come to rest. ...
Doufas Anthony G - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hypothermia might prove to be therapeutically beneficial in stroke victims; however, even mild hypothermia provokes vigorous shivering. Meperidine and dexmedetomidine each linearly reduce the shivering threshold (triggering core temperature) with minimal sedation. We tested the hypothesis that meperidine and dexmedetomidine synergistically reduce the shivering threshold without producing ...
Bridge Mathew W - - 2003
We have studied 12 recreationally active men to measure their responses to exercise in the heat and relate these to measures of hypothalamic function explored with a buspirone [5-hydroxytryptamine 1A (5-HT(1A)) agonist, dopaminergic D(2) antagonist] neuroendocrine challenge, with and without pretreatment with pindolol (5-HT(1A) antagonist). Pindolol treatment allowed the serotonergic ...
Duffield R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of cooling the skin with an ice jacket before and between exercise bouts (to simulate quarter and half time breaks) on prolonged repeat sprint exercise performance in warm/humid conditions. METHODS: After an initial familiarisation session, seven trained male hockey players performed two testing sessions (seven ...
Niess A M - - 2003
To date, there has been little research examining how elevated ambient temperatures exert an additional effect on the acute immune response to endurance exercise. Seven endurance-trained, non-heat-acclimated men [mean (95% confidence interval): 29.7 (25.9-33.5) years, .VO(2max) 66.3 (61.3-71.3) ml.kg(-1).min(-1)] performed two 60-min treadmill runs (75% .VO(2max)) in two different environments ...
Gavhed Desiree - - 2003
The effects of low to moderate wind speeds on face temperature, thermal and pain sensations while subjects walked on a treadmill during cold exposure were studied in eight healthy men. The purpose of the study was to evaluate further the risk of frostbite at different activity levels. The walking speed ...
Preest Marion R - - 2003
Temperature and humidity are dominant environmental variables affecting performance of nocturnal, terrestrial amphibians. Toads are frequently active at body temperatures (T(b)) and hydration states (HS) that yield suboptimal performance. We investigated the combined effects of T(b) and HS on feeding, locomotion, and metabolism of Bufo americanus. More toads responded to ...
Jackson Dwayne N - - 2003
We evaluated postexercise venous pooling as a factor leading to previously reported increases in the postexercise esophageal temperature threshold for cutaneous vasodilation (ThVD) and sweating (ThSW). Six subjects were randomly exposed to lower body positive pressure (LBPP) and to no LBPP after an exercise and no-exercise treatment protocol. The exercise ...
Kenny G P - - 2003
Seven subjects (1 woman) performed an incremental isotonic test on a Kin-Com isokinetic apparatus to determine their maximal oxygen consumption during bilateral knee extensions (Vo(2 sp)). A multisensor thermal probe was inserted into the left vastus medialis (middiaphysis) under ultrasound guidance. The deepest sensor (tip) was located approximately 10 mm ...
Mitchell J B - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of pre-exercise cooling on high intensity, moderate duration running performance and thermoregulatory responses in a hot environment (38 degrees C, 40 %RH). On separate days, 11 male subjects completed two treadmill runs to exhaustion at 100% of maximal aerobic power ...
Ladd Byron S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To develop and characterize an infusion cannula that reduces the intraocular jet forces created during fluid-air exchange. METHODS: A new infusion cannula was manufactured by adding a baffle 1.0 mm perpendicular to the distal opening of a 20-gauge infusion. The forces generated by the modified and standard cannulas were ...
Kondo Narihiko - - 2003
Given differences in sympathetic innervation to glabrous and nonglabrous skin, we tested the hypothesis that muscle metaboreceptor regulation of cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) differs between these skin regions. Subjects (n = 21) performed isometric handgrip exercise (IHG; 50% maximal voluntary contraction for 60 s), followed by 2 min of postexercise ...
Kasap Ismail - - 2003
Development duration and reproduction rate of hawthorn spider mite Amphitetranychus viennensis (Zacher) were carried out on five different apple cultivars (Amasya (local cultivar), Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Starking Delicious and Starkrimson Delicious) at 25 degrees C, 65 +/- 10% RH and 16:8 L:D. In addition, the same parameters were determined ...
Ebenholtz Sheldon M - - 2003
Subjects viewed luminescent targets placed at an equidistance (ED) locus or on a comparable equiconvergence locus, the Vieth-Müller circle (VMC). In darkness, subjects moved the index finger to the apparent distance of the visible target. This was repeated at leftward eccentricities of 0 degrees (straight ahead), 15 degrees, 22.5 degrees, ...
Tokajian S - - 2003
A controlled study was conducted in Lebanon over a period of 12 months to determine bacterial regrowth in a small network supplying the Beirut suburb of Naccache that had a population of about 3,000. The residential area, which is fed by gravity, is supplied twice a week with chlorinated water ...
Austin K G - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of patients with burns on 30 to 40% and 60% or greater of their BSA to thermoregulate their core temperature during exercise in the heat. Two groups (n = 3 in each) of subjects with healed third-degree burns (34.0 +/- ...
Rodrigues L O C - - 2003
Thermal environmental stress can anticipate acute fatigue during exercise at a fixed intensity (%VO2max). Controversy exists about whether this anticipation is caused by the absolute internal temperature (Tint, degrees C), by the heat storage rate (HSR, cal/min) or by both mechanisms. The aim of the present study was to study ...
Sabaté J-M - - 2002
Hypersensitivity during rectal distension has been demonstrated in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Studies performed in animals and indirect data in humans suggest that cholecystokinin (CCK) could modulate visceral sensations. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of i.v. infused sulphated cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-OP) on rectal sensitivity in ...
Kenny Glen P - - 2002
This study was designed to evaluate the role of non-active tissue in the retention and dissipation of heat during and following intense isolated muscle activity. Six subjects performed an incremental isotonic test (constant angular velocity, increases in force output) on a KIN-COM isokinetic apparatus to determine their maximal oxygen consumption ...
McLellan T M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological findings show a continued presence of exertional heat injury during military basic recruit training. Current guidelines do not consider the carry-over effects of prior exercise or exposure to high ambient temperatures on the risk of succumbing to heat illness. HYPOTHESIS: From the epidemiological evidence we hypothesized that both ...
White Andrea T - - 2003
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the thermoregulatory, metabolic, and perceptual effects of lower body (LBI) and whole body (WBI) immersion precooling techniques during submaximal exercise. Eleven healthy men completed two 30-min cycling bouts at 60% of maximal O(2) uptake preceded by immersion to the suprailiac crest (LBI) ...
McLellan Tom M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have revealed that modafinil elevates resting core temperature during periods of sustained wakefulness. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of modafinil on core temperature during rest and exercise throughout 40 h of sustained wakefulness in a warm environment. METHODS: Ten males performed a ...
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