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Results 301 - 350 of 1166
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Cengiz Tülin Gündüz - - 2007
This paper presents an evaluation of thermal comfort in an extended road trial study. Automobile seats play an important role in improving the thermal comfort. In the assessment of thermal comfort in autos, in general subjective and objective measurements are used. Testing on the road is very difficult but real ...
Flouris A D - - 2006
We examined the influence of 1) prior increase [preheating (PHT)], 2) increase throughout [heating (HT)], and 3) no increase [control (Con)] of body heat content (H(b)) on neuromuscular function and manual dexterity of the hands during a 130-min exposure to -20 degrees C (coldEx). Ten volunteers randomly underwent three passive ...
Rising William R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Popular emergency room wisdom touts higher temperatures, snowfall, weekends, and evenings as variables that increase trauma admissions. This study analyzed the possible correlation between trauma admissions and specific weather variables, and between trauma admissions and time of day or season. METHODS: Trauma admission data from a Level I trauma ...
Yeargin Susan W - - 2006
The purpose was to assess whether body cooling between 2 bouts of exercise in the heat enhances performance during the second exercise session. Using a random, crossover design, 15 subjects (3 women, 12 men; 28 +/- 2 years, 180 +/- 2 cm, 69 +/- 2.3 kg) participated in all 3 ...
Ikonomopoulou Maria P - - 2006
Marsupials are born ectothermic and gradually become endothermic during pouch occupancy. In order to study the timing of this transition, we measured the metabolic rates of eight pouch-young eastern barred bandicoots (Perameles gunnii) at 25 degrees C (the thermoneutral zone of adults), at 35 degrees C (pouch temperature), and after ...
Wang Yanling Karen - - 2006
Di-myo-inositol 1,1'-phosphate (DIP) accumulates as a compatible solute in many hyperthermophilic archaea (e.g., Archaeoglobus fulgidus) when the cells are grown above 80 degrees C. Recent microarray analysis of A. fulgidus transcripts [Rohlin, L., et al. (2005) J. Bacteriol. 187, 6046] indicates that neither the myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase, the first step in ...
Ferguson R A - - 2006
The present study examined the effect of elevated temperature on muscle energy turnover during dynamic exercise. Nine male subjects performed 10 min of dynamic knee-extensor exercise at an intensity of 43 W (SD 10) and a frequency of 60 contractions per minute. Exercise was performed under normal (C) and elevated ...
Alvarez Guy E - - 2006
The reduction in skin blood flow (SkBF) with cold exposure is partly due to the reflex vasoconstrictor response from whole body cooling (WBC) and partly to the direct effects of local cooling (LC). Although these have been examined independently, little is known regarding their roles when acting together, as occurs ...
Hue O - - 2006
Seven acclimated elite road cyclists were recruited from among the participants in the Tour de Guadeloupe, a 9-day cycle race (D1-D9) held in hot/humid climate (approximately 31 degrees C dry temperature and 76 % relative humidity). Each day of the competition, heart rate (HR) was recorded every 15 s, tympanic ...
Fields Peter A - - 2006
The blue mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis, a native of the Mediterranean Sea, has invaded the west coast of North America in the past century, displacing the native blue mussel, Mytilus trossulus, from most of its former habitats in central and southern California. The invasive success of M. galloprovincialis is conjectured to ...
Stecker Mark M - - 2006
Objective. There are two objectives of this study. The first is to understand how practitioners of differing backgrounds approach the process of interpreting intra-operative neurophysiologic monitoring. The second is to understand whether the experience and educational background of practitioners influences the degree of agreement in their interpretations. Methods. A survey ...
Walpole B - - 2006
Some studies have suggested that the insertion allele of the ACE gene is associated with endurance performance, including the Ironman triathlon. It is possible that this association is due to genetic linkage between the ACE I/D locus and the T/A variant in intron 4 of the neighbouring GH1 gene. The ...
Goto T - - 2006
This study investigated the effect on thermal perception and thermophysiological variables of controlled metabolic excursions of various intensities and durations. Twenty-four subjects were alternately seated on a chair or exercised by walking on a treadmill at a temperature predicted to be neutral at sedentary activity. In a second experimental series, ...
Hasegawa Hiroshi - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to determine the combined effects of pre-cooling and water ingestion on thermoregulatory responses and exercise capacity at 32 degrees C and 80% relative humidity. Nine untrained males exercised for 60 min on a cycle ergometer at 60% maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) (first exercise ...
Segvić Klarić Maja - - 2006
A 1-year aeromycological study was conducted in the area of Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, in order to establish seasonal variations in the composition and concentration of aeromycota. Sampling was carried out at 3 locations: the city centre, the Pharmaceutical botanical garden and the mountain of Medvednica, at regular intervals ...
Walsh Neil P - - 2006
Athletes, military personnel, fire fighters, mountaineers and astronauts may be required to perform in environmental extremes (e.g. heat, cold, high altitude and microgravity). Exercising in hot versus thermoneutral conditions (where core temperature is > or = 1 degrees C higher in hot conditions) augments circulating stress hormones, catecholamines and cytokines ...
Negrini Stefano - - 2006
The Lyon school has proposed a preparation to brace wearing through an intensive mobilization in order to obtain a better reduction of the braced scoliotic curve. Our aim was to verify this hypothesis. DESIGN: A prospective controlled study on consecutive patients having idiopathic scoliosis with brace management. OUTCOME: Results after ...
Negrini Stefano - - 2006
We have developed a new rigid brace, the Sforzesco brace, according to a new concept SPoRT (Symmetric, Patient-oriented, Rigid, Three-dimensional, active). The aim of this study is to verify the first results of the SPoRT concept compared to a classical 3 point system. A pair-controlled retrospective study. 15 Patients (22 ...
Negrini Stefano - - 2006
There is low evidence on the possible efficacy of exercises to treat idiopathic scoliosis, graded as C by the existing Italian Guidelines. Our aim was to verify if exercises quality has an effect on results. Prospective controlled study on idiopathic scoliosis patients that performed only exercises to avoid progression. SEAS ...
Ohshige Kenji - - 2006
Studying the relation between incidence of stroke and weather is difficult because it requires large-scale community-based data collection. Despite the lack of strong evidence that weather conditions influence stroke incidence, many clinicians feel that meteorological conditions influence the onset of stroke. This study examined whether emergency events related to stroke ...
Sancheti A - - 2006
For human exercise at intensities greater than approximately 70 to 85% of maximal levels of exertion, ventilation (V E) increases proportionately to core temperature (T C) following distinct T C thresholds. This suggested T C in humans could be a modulator of exercise-induced ventilation. This study tested the reproducibility of ...
Proulx C I - - 2006
We evaluated the cooling rate of hyperthermic subjects, as measured by three estimates of deep core temperatures (esophageal, rectal and aural canal temperatures), during immersion in a range of water temperatures. The objective of the study was to compare the three indices of core temperature and define safe cooling limits ...
Ferguson M A - - 2005
AIM: Extensive research has been undertaken in the area of exercise and hydration. Most work has focused on prehydration. Less is known about different fluid intake patterns during exercise and its effect in thermoregulatory variables in hot environments. This study attempted to determine if ingesting fluid either in a single ...
Atkinson Greg - - 2005
We examined the effects of a single 2.5-mg dose of melatonin on the thermoregulatory and circulatory responses to intermittent exercise at a room temperature of 27.2+/-0.4 degrees C (mean+/-S.D.), a relative humidity of 55+/-3% (mean+/-S.D.), and a light intensity of 200-300 lux. In a double-blind cross-over study, six male participants ...
Hayashi Keiji - - 2006
We examined whether an increase in skin temperature or the rate of increase in core body temperature influences the relationship between minute ventilation (Ve) and core temperature during prolonged exercise in the heat. Thirteen subjects exercised for 60 min on a cycle ergometer at 50% of peak oxygen uptake while ...
Miller Alison A - - 2005
Neoprene sleeves are alleged to increase heat in skeletal muscle, but no published research supports this belief. To quantify anterior thigh skin and intramuscular temperature changes in varsity athletes wearing a neoprene thigh sleeve. A 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 factorial design with replicated measures on 3 variables. ...
Eglin Clare M - - 2005
Two studies were undertaken to determine whether firefighter instructors are capable of performing a simulated rescue task after undertaking a live fire training exercise (LFTE) lasting approximately 40 min. In the first study, ten instructors performed two simulated rescue tasks in air at 19 degrees C, involving dragging an 81-kg ...
Evans Tina M - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of using impulse oscillometry (IOS) as an indirect measure of airflow obstruction compared to spirometry after exercise challenges in the evaluation of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) has not been fully appreciated. The objective was to compare airway responses following room temperature and cold temperature exercise challenges, and ...
Long Blaine C - - 2005
Cryotherapy is commonly used for a variety of purposes; however, the body's response to cryotherapy immediately postexercise is unknown. To investigate the effect of prior exercise on crushed-ice-bag treatment of a large muscle group. 2 x 3 repeated-measures design on depth (1 cm and 2 cm below adipose tissue) and ...
Lacerda Ana Cristina R - - 2005
To assess the role of nitric oxide (NO) in central thermoregulatory mechanisms during exercise, 1.43 micromol (2 microL) of N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, n=6), a NO synthase inhibitor, or 2 microL of 0.15M NaCl (SAL, n=6) was injected into the lateral cerebral ventricle of male Wistar rats immediately before the ...
Yamashita Yoichiro - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of cool exposure on lipolytic response during prolonged intermediate-intensity exercise in humans. Eight male subjects participated in this study; they performed 120-min cycle ergometer exercise at 60% of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) in a climatic chamber at 10 degrees C ...
Zhang Jian - - 2005
We analyzed 18 high-quality waveform doublets with time separations of up to 35 years in the South Sandwich Islands region, for which the seismic signals have traversed the inner core as PKP(DF). The doublets show a consistent temporal change of travel times at up to 58 stations in and near ...
Kacin Alan - - 2005
The effect of graded ischaemia in the legs on the regulation of body temperature during steady-state exercise was investigated in seven healthy males. It was hypothesised that graded ischaemia in the working muscles increases heat storage within the muscles, which in turn potentiates sweat secretion during exercise. Blood perfusion in ...
Nakamura Kimitsugu - - 2005
We have studied ultra-weak photon emission (UPE) from living organisms. We report here some features of the UPE from human hand by means of photon counting techniques. The intensity of the UPE depended on the position of human hand; nail>finger>palm. As the temperature declined, the intensity of the UPE from ...
MacLellan Crystal L - - 2005
Hyperthermia worsens outcome in clinical and experimental studies of ischemic stroke. Thus, we tested whether hyperthermia aggravates intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in rats. A striatal hemorrhage was produced via an infusion of bacterial collagenase. In a preliminary experiment, we compared brain and core temperatures (via telemetry) during heating (infrared lamp). The ...
Togo Fumiharu - - 2005
Seasonal changes in ambient temperature and day length are thought to modify habitual physical activity. However, relationships between such environmental factors and the daily physical activity of older populations remain unclear. The present study thus examined associations between meteorological variables and the number of steps taken per day by elderly ...
Mekjavic Igor B - - 2005
The present study evaluated the effect of 35 days of experimental horizontal bed-rest on exercise and immersion thermoregulatory function. Fifteen healthy male volunteers were assigned to either a Control (n = 5) or Bed-rest (n = 10) group. Thermoregulatory function was evaluated during a 30-min bout of submaximal exercise on ...
Storms Timothy N - - 2005
Using an iteration method, optimal hand-injected immobilization dosages of carfentanil/xylazine (CAR/XYL) were determined for 13 adult white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Deer were temporarily restrained in a squeeze chute and were repeatedly immobilized one to four times at 2-5-wk intervals from December 2002 to March 2003. A fixed ratio of 1 ...
Webster J - - 2005
During the 1990s, emphasis on the health and safety of people who exercise in hot, humid conditions increased and many organizations became aware of the need for protection against heat-related disorders. A practical, pre-cooling strategy applicable to several sporting codes, which is low cost, easy to use, light-weight and which ...
Shirreffs Susan M - - 2005
This review covers published literature on the influence of whole-body hydration status on exercise performance. The majority of information in this area relates to endurance exercise performance, but information on power, strength, and sporting skills has also been investigated. These areas form the focus of the current review. It is ...
Kaparaju P L N - - 2005
The effects of thermal and chemical treatments, mechanical maceration and freezing and thawing on recovering the remaining methane potential of the >2 mm solid fraction of digested cow manure - which accounted for 30% of the original potential of digested cow manure - were studied in laboratory batch assays at ...
Loo Say Chye Joachim - - 2005
Isothermal crystallization through annealing at 115 degrees C was conducted to increase the degree of crystallinity of poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA). The maximum increase in the degree of crystallinity (approximately 21%) was achieved after 60 min of annealing. The crystal size/perfection was observed to increase with annealing time. The annealed PLGA ...
Clark T D - - 2005
Several previous reports, often from studies utilising heavily instrumented animals, have indicated that for teleosts, the increase in cardiac output (Vb) during exercise is mainly the result of an increase in cardiac stroke volume (V(S)) rather than in heart rate (fH). More recently, this contention has been questioned following studies ...
Gregson W A - - 2005
To examine the influence of pre-warming on the physiological responses to prolonged intermittent exercise in ambient temperatures of 21.5 +/- 0.6 degrees C and relative humidities of 35.7 +/- 5.4% (mean +/- s), six healthy men performed intermittent treadmill running (30-s bouts at 90% of maximal oxygen uptake separated by ...
Mitono Hiroyuki - - 2005
We examined the hypothesis that elevation of the body core temperature threshold for forearm skin vasodilation (TH(FVC)) with increased exercise intensity is partially caused by concomitantly increased plasma osmolality (P(osmol)). Eight young male subjects, wearing a body suit perfused with warm water to maintain the mean skin temperature at 34 ...
McAnulty S R - - 2005
The purpose of this investigation was to examine oxidative markers after exercise in a hyperthermic environment (35 degrees C, 70 % RH) (Hot) versus a neutral environment (25 degrees C, 40 % RH) (Con). Hyperthermia may exacerbate oxidative stress by uncoupling the mitochondrial respiratory chain or by inhibiting antioxidant defense ...
Kinugasa Ryuta - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of selective skin cooling over m. vastus lateralis (VL) on the activation patterns of quadriceps femoris muscle during knee extension exercise (KEE) using muscle function magnetic resonance imaging (mfMRI). The isometric force production of the right thigh was tested in ...
Ichinose Takashi - - 2005
It is well known that hyperosmolality suppresses thermoregulatory responses and that plasma osmolality (P(osmol)) increases with exercise intensity. We examined whether the decreased esophageal temperature thresholds for cutaneous vasodilation (TH(FVC)) and sweating (TH(SR)) after 10-day endurance training (ET) are caused by either attenuated increase in P(osmol) at a given exercise ...
Wadhwa A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia may be an effective treatment for stroke or acute myocardial infarction; however, it provokes vigorous shivering, which causes potentially dangerous haemodynamic responses and prevents further hypothermia. Magnesium is an attractive anti-shivering agent because it is used for treatment of postoperative shivering and provides protection against ischaemic injury in ...
Hornery D J - - 2005
This study examined the effect of a 10-min, halftime cooling application on physiological and psychological parameters known to affect performance. Fourteen volunteers (10 male, 4 female) completed two randomised trials 48 hr to 7 days apart. Trials consisted of a 1-hr cycling protocol: 30 min at 75% VO2max followed by ...
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