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Results 251 - 300 of 1143
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O'Shea Robert P - - 2007
When one looks up a hill from below, its peak appears lower than it is; when one looks at a hill across a valley from another peak, the peak of that hill appears higher than it is. These illusions have sometimes been explained by assuming that the subjective horizontal is ...
Fuks E - - 2007
The effects of ionisation density on the structure of the glow curve of LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-100) are briefly reviewed and discussed within the framework of the spatially correlated TC/LC model and localised recombination. The effects of 'slow-cooling' on the structure of composite peak 5 following low-ionisation density beta/gamma irradiation are described ...
Roberts William O - - 2007
Exercise-associated collapse (EAC) was developed as a marathon collapse classification matrix to speed clinical decision making and improve care. The definition was simply stated as the need for assistance during or immediately after endurance activity that specifically excluded cardiac arrest, insulin shock, anaphylaxis, trauma, skin conditions and orthopedic injuries. The ...
Byrne Christopher - - 2007
An ingestible telemetric temperature sensor for measuring body core temperature (Tc) was first described 45 years ago, although the method has only recently gained widespread use for exercise applications. This review aims to (1) use Bland and Altman's limits of agreement (LoA) method as a basis for quantitatively reviewing the ...
Collet Christian - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the preparation phase for the snatch lift in Olympic weight lifting. Two behavioral periods were studied, each corresponding to specific mental processes: a stance in front of the bar and placement of hands on the bar. Each period was hypothesized to elicit different responses of autonomic-nervous-system activity. ...
Weiss B A - - 2006
AIM: The aim of this work was to examine the effects of creatine (Cr) supplementation on resting body water volumes and on core temperature and sweat loss during a bout of exercise in a warm environment. METHODS: Twenty-four aerobically trained male subjects (age 22.93+/-3.01 years, height 179.52+/-7.28 cm, mass 82.06+/-14.32 ...
Harris Ann M - - 2006
We wanted to examine if spontaneous physical activity contributes to non-shivering thermogenesis. Ten lean, healthy male subjects wore a physical activity, micro-measurement system whilst the room temperature was randomly altered at two hourly intervals between thermoneutral (72°F), cool (62°F) and warm (82°F) temperatures. Physical activity measured during the thermoneutral, cooling ...
Kenny Glen P - - 2007
Factors associated with blood pressure regulation during recovery from exercise dramatically influence core temperature regulation. However, it is unknown whether sex-related differences in postexercise hemodynamics affect core and muscle temperature response. Sixteen participants (8 males, 8 females) completed an incremental isotonic test on a Kin-Com isokinetic apparatus to determine their ...
Tanimoto Hironari - - 2007
PURPOSE: We reported previously that therapeutic hypothermia with extracorporeal lung and heart assist (ECLHA) improved neurological outcome after 15 min cardiac arrest (CA) in dogs, although 45 min was needed to achieve hypothermia. We now investigate whether rapidly induced hypothermia with ECLHA (RHE) would result in a better outcome than ...
Jay Ollie - - 2007
In two studies, the cold shock and diving responses were investigated after human face immersion without prior hyperventilation to explore the mechanism(s) accounting for reductions in maximal apnoeic times (ATmax) at low water temperatures. In study 1, ATmax, heart rate (HR) and cutaneous blood cell velocity were measured in 13 ...
Gant Nicholas - - 2006
PURPOSE: In many sporting and occupational settings, measuring core temperature using invasive methods is not practical. In these circumstances, ingestible temperature sensor capsules are a promising alternative. To date, no researcher has investigated the validity of intestinal temperature (T(int)) during free running or examined the between-trial reproducibility of this technique. ...
Journeay W Shane - - 2006
Post-exercise thermoregulatory control in humans has received limited attention. In the post-exercise period skin blood flow and sweating return to pre-exercise levels despite a persistent elevation in esophageal temperature, suggesting an alteration in thermoregulatory control. The esophageal temperature response post-exercise appears to be correlated to the marked cardiovascular changes that ...
Hunter Iain - - 2006
CONTEXT: Athletes running in a hot, humid environment may have an increased risk of heat illness. In the 2004 Olympic Games, American and Australian athletes were provided with ice vests designed to cool their bodies before performance. The vest appeared to be effective in keeping body temperatures down and improving ...
Mündel Toby - - 2007
The present study investigated whether face cooling reduced both the perceived exertion (RPE) and prolactin (PRL) release during hyperthermic exercise. Ten, non-heat-acclimated males (23 +/- 2 years; maximal oxygen consumption, 56 +/- 7 ml kg(-1) min(-1) [mean +/- s.d.]) exercised for 40 min on a cycle ergometer at 65% of ...
Zhang Hong - - 2006
This work demonstrates the application of FT-NIR spectroscopy in order to monitor the enzymatic interesterification process for butterfat modification. The reactions were catalyzed by Lipozyme TL IM at 70 degrees C for the blend of butterfat/rapeseed oil (70/30, w/w) in a packed-bed reactor. The blend and interesterified fat samples were ...
Carter Dan - - 2006
Cholinergic urticaria and exercise-induced anaphylaxis (EIA) are related conditions. Cholinergic urticaria is caused by a rise in body core temperature and usually results in pruritus, skin lesions and, rarely, in serious respiratory and cardiovascular compromise. EIA can result in a cardiovascular compromise and syncope. Ingestion of certain foods may be ...
Garcia A M C - - 2006
The present study evaluated whether the luteal phase elevation of body temperature would be offset during exercise by increased sweating, when women are normally hydrated. Eleven women performed 60 min of cycling exercise at 60% of their maximal work load at 32 degrees C and 80% relative air humidity. Each ...
Bradford Carl D - - 2007
Exercise increases mean body temperature (T(body)) and cytokine concentrations in plasma. Cytokines facilitate PG production via cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes, and PGE(2) can mediate fever. Therefore, we used a COX-2 inhibitor to test the hypothesis that PG-mediated pyrogenicity may contribute to the raised T(body) in exercising humans. In a double-blind, cross-over ...
Smith J E - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Body temperature can be a useful measure of how well the horse responds to thermal challenges of exercise and environment. Currently there is little information available about how body temperature changes throughout an endurance ride, and no nonsurgical methods to evaluate internal temperature of exercising horses ...
Boot C R L - - 2006
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of arm exercise on the heat balance in spinal cord-injured (SCI) individuals with complete lesions at ambient temperatures of 10 and 35 degrees C. Four SCI with a high lesion (> or = T6) (SCI-H), seven with a low lesion ...
Quraishi Sadeq A - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the drug constitution of dantrolene by comparing reconstitution with diluent at ambient and warmed temperatures, so as to determine whether differences in reconstitution time might provide clinical or therapeutic advantages. DESIGN: Randomized study. SETTING: University-affiliated medical center. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We reconstituted 10 vials of ...
Staempfli S - - 2006
In this study, the effect of exercise (treadmill, riding) on scrotal surface temperature (SST) in the stallion with and without suspensory was evaluated. Experiments were carried out between September and November 2004 using 12 Franches-Montagnes stallions from the National Stud in Avenches (Switzerland). Each stallion performed a standardized incremental treadmill ...
Wingo Jonathan E - - 2006
Previous research suggests cardiovascular drift (CV drift) is associated with decreased maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2)(max)) during heat stress, but more research manipulating CV drift with subsequent measurement of VO(2)(max) is needed to assess whether this relationship is causal. To assess causation, VO(2)(max) was measured during the same time interval that ...
Peeling Peter - - 2007
This study investigated the thermoregulatory response to wearing a one-piece competition speedsuit during the swim-cycle aspect of a sprint-distance triathlon. Eight highly trained, male triathletes completed a graded-exercise test, and two swim-cycle trials including a 750 m swimming time trial followed by 30 min of cycling at 95% lactate threshold. ...
Gardiner Jennifer C - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: In patients with detrusor hyperreflexia, intravesical instillation of ice-cold water results in the development of involuntary bladder contractions at volumes less than normal cystometric capacity. This is referred to as a positive ice-water test (+IWT) and can be reversed by vanilloid receptor agonists and potentiated by menthol. The present ...
Roberts William O - - 2006
A well-trained male runner in his late 30s collapsed 10 m before the finish line, nearly completing the 42.1-km marathon course in 3 h, 15 min. He was responsive to pain, agitated, diaphoretic, and unable to walk. The race start temperature was 6 degrees C (43 degrees F) with relative ...
Mündel Toby - - 2006
The effect of different drink temperatures on the perception of exertion and exercise endurance has not been extensively investigated. Consequently, the purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of drink temperature on fluid intake and endurance during cycling in the heat. Eight healthy, non-acclimated males (26 +/- ...
Cengiz Tülin Gündüz - - 2007
This paper presents an evaluation of thermal comfort in an extended road trial study. Automobile seats play an important role in improving the thermal comfort. In the assessment of thermal comfort in autos, in general subjective and objective measurements are used. Testing on the road is very difficult but real ...
Flouris A D - - 2006
We examined the influence of 1) prior increase [preheating (PHT)], 2) increase throughout [heating (HT)], and 3) no increase [control (Con)] of body heat content (H(b)) on neuromuscular function and manual dexterity of the hands during a 130-min exposure to -20 degrees C (coldEx). Ten volunteers randomly underwent three passive ...
Rising William R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Popular emergency room wisdom touts higher temperatures, snowfall, weekends, and evenings as variables that increase trauma admissions. This study analyzed the possible correlation between trauma admissions and specific weather variables, and between trauma admissions and time of day or season. METHODS: Trauma admission data from a Level I trauma ...
Yeargin Susan W - - 2006
The purpose was to assess whether body cooling between 2 bouts of exercise in the heat enhances performance during the second exercise session. Using a random, crossover design, 15 subjects (3 women, 12 men; 28 +/- 2 years, 180 +/- 2 cm, 69 +/- 2.3 kg) participated in all 3 ...
Ikonomopoulou Maria P - - 2006
Marsupials are born ectothermic and gradually become endothermic during pouch occupancy. In order to study the timing of this transition, we measured the metabolic rates of eight pouch-young eastern barred bandicoots (Perameles gunnii) at 25 degrees C (the thermoneutral zone of adults), at 35 degrees C (pouch temperature), and after ...
Wang Yanling Karen - - 2006
Di-myo-inositol 1,1'-phosphate (DIP) accumulates as a compatible solute in many hyperthermophilic archaea (e.g., Archaeoglobus fulgidus) when the cells are grown above 80 degrees C. Recent microarray analysis of A. fulgidus transcripts [Rohlin, L., et al. (2005) J. Bacteriol. 187, 6046] indicates that neither the myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase, the first step in ...
Ferguson R A - - 2006
The present study examined the effect of elevated temperature on muscle energy turnover during dynamic exercise. Nine male subjects performed 10 min of dynamic knee-extensor exercise at an intensity of 43 W (SD 10) and a frequency of 60 contractions per minute. Exercise was performed under normal (C) and elevated ...
Alvarez Guy E - - 2006
The reduction in skin blood flow (SkBF) with cold exposure is partly due to the reflex vasoconstrictor response from whole body cooling (WBC) and partly to the direct effects of local cooling (LC). Although these have been examined independently, little is known regarding their roles when acting together, as occurs ...
Hue O - - 2006
Seven acclimated elite road cyclists were recruited from among the participants in the Tour de Guadeloupe, a 9-day cycle race (D1-D9) held in hot/humid climate (approximately 31 degrees C dry temperature and 76 % relative humidity). Each day of the competition, heart rate (HR) was recorded every 15 s, tympanic ...
Fields Peter A - - 2006
The blue mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis, a native of the Mediterranean Sea, has invaded the west coast of North America in the past century, displacing the native blue mussel, Mytilus trossulus, from most of its former habitats in central and southern California. The invasive success of M. galloprovincialis is conjectured to ...
Stecker Mark M - - 2006
Objective. There are two objectives of this study. The first is to understand how practitioners of differing backgrounds approach the process of interpreting intra-operative neurophysiologic monitoring. The second is to understand whether the experience and educational background of practitioners influences the degree of agreement in their interpretations. Methods. A survey ...
Walpole B - - 2006
Some studies have suggested that the insertion allele of the ACE gene is associated with endurance performance, including the Ironman triathlon. It is possible that this association is due to genetic linkage between the ACE I/D locus and the T/A variant in intron 4 of the neighbouring GH1 gene. The ...
Goto T - - 2006
This study investigated the effect on thermal perception and thermophysiological variables of controlled metabolic excursions of various intensities and durations. Twenty-four subjects were alternately seated on a chair or exercised by walking on a treadmill at a temperature predicted to be neutral at sedentary activity. In a second experimental series, ...
Hasegawa Hiroshi - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to determine the combined effects of pre-cooling and water ingestion on thermoregulatory responses and exercise capacity at 32 degrees C and 80% relative humidity. Nine untrained males exercised for 60 min on a cycle ergometer at 60% maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) (first exercise ...
Segvić Klarić Maja - - 2006
A 1-year aeromycological study was conducted in the area of Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, in order to establish seasonal variations in the composition and concentration of aeromycota. Sampling was carried out at 3 locations: the city centre, the Pharmaceutical botanical garden and the mountain of Medvednica, at regular intervals ...
Walsh Neil P - - 2006
Athletes, military personnel, fire fighters, mountaineers and astronauts may be required to perform in environmental extremes (e.g. heat, cold, high altitude and microgravity). Exercising in hot versus thermoneutral conditions (where core temperature is > or = 1 degrees C higher in hot conditions) augments circulating stress hormones, catecholamines and cytokines ...
Negrini Stefano - - 2006
The Lyon school has proposed a preparation to brace wearing through an intensive mobilization in order to obtain a better reduction of the braced scoliotic curve. Our aim was to verify this hypothesis. DESIGN: A prospective controlled study on consecutive patients having idiopathic scoliosis with brace management. OUTCOME: Results after ...
Negrini Stefano - - 2006
We have developed a new rigid brace, the Sforzesco brace, according to a new concept SPoRT (Symmetric, Patient-oriented, Rigid, Three-dimensional, active). The aim of this study is to verify the first results of the SPoRT concept compared to a classical 3 point system. A pair-controlled retrospective study. 15 Patients (22 ...
Negrini Stefano - - 2006
There is low evidence on the possible efficacy of exercises to treat idiopathic scoliosis, graded as C by the existing Italian Guidelines. Our aim was to verify if exercises quality has an effect on results. Prospective controlled study on idiopathic scoliosis patients that performed only exercises to avoid progression. SEAS ...
Ohshige Kenji - - 2006
Studying the relation between incidence of stroke and weather is difficult because it requires large-scale community-based data collection. Despite the lack of strong evidence that weather conditions influence stroke incidence, many clinicians feel that meteorological conditions influence the onset of stroke. This study examined whether emergency events related to stroke ...
Sancheti A - - 2006
For human exercise at intensities greater than approximately 70 to 85% of maximal levels of exertion, ventilation (V E) increases proportionately to core temperature (T C) following distinct T C thresholds. This suggested T C in humans could be a modulator of exercise-induced ventilation. This study tested the reproducibility of ...
Proulx C I - - 2006
We evaluated the cooling rate of hyperthermic subjects, as measured by three estimates of deep core temperatures (esophageal, rectal and aural canal temperatures), during immersion in a range of water temperatures. The objective of the study was to compare the three indices of core temperature and define safe cooling limits ...
Ferguson M A - - 2005
AIM: Extensive research has been undertaken in the area of exercise and hydration. Most work has focused on prehydration. Less is known about different fluid intake patterns during exercise and its effect in thermoregulatory variables in hot environments. This study attempted to determine if ingesting fluid either in a single ...
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