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Stene G B - - 2013
Cancer treatment and its side effects may cause muscle wasting. Physical exercise has the potential to increase muscle mass and strength and to improve physical function in cancer patients undergoing treatment. A systematic review was conducted to study the effect of physical exercise (aerobic, resistance or a combination of both) ...
Johnston Rich D - - 2013
Physical contact is frequent in rugby league competition and is thought to be a major contributor to the fatigue and creatine kinase (CK) response, although direct evidence is lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence that physical contact had on the fatigue and CK response to ...
Bao Ping-Ping - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an established risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and mortality. Limited data are available on the prevalence of MetS and its association with exercise among breast cancer survivors. The present study included 1,696 breast cancer survivors from the Shanghai Breast Cancer Survival Study, a population-based prospective cohort ...
Wang Na N Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 2525 West End Avenue, Nashville, TN 37203, USA. - - 2013
Moderate-intensity exercise has attracted considerable attention because of its safety and many health benefits. Tai Chi, a form of mind-body exercise that originated in ancient China, has been gaining popularity. Practicing Tai Chi may improve overall health and well-being; however, to our knowledge, no study has evaluated its relationship with ...
Litterini Amy J - - 2013
To compare the effects of resistance and cardiovascular exercise on functional mobility in individuals with advanced cancer. Prospective, two-group pretest-posttest pilot study with randomization to either resistance or cardiovascular exercise mode. Comprehensive Community Cancer Center and a hospital-based fitness facility PARTICIPANTS: Volunteer sample of 66 individuals (30 males, 36 females, ...
Zimmer Philipp - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Exercise seems to minimize prostate cancer specific mortality risk and treatment related side effects like fatigue and incontinence. However the influence of physical activity on the immunological level remains uncertain. Even prostate cancer patients undergoing palliative treatment often have a relatively long life span compared to other cancer entities. ...
Lemanne Dawn - - 2013
An informal review of literature on exercise and cancer was undertaken in order to examine the role of exercise in cancer prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and late survivorship. Population-wide studies show that cancer incidence decreases with increasing physical activity levels. Exercise can decrease the side effects of anticancer therapy, and can ...
Pearcey Gregory E P - - 2013
: The authors report a case of exercise-induced (exertional) rhabdomyolysis in a male athlete/exercise physiology professor who started a high-intensity resistance training program after a period of detraining. The subject performed 1 high-intensity resistance training session that consisted of 48 total sets of push-ups (24) and chin-ups (24) with no ...
Midtgaard J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior and impaired cardiovascular reserve capacity are common late effects of cancer therapy emphasizing the need for effective strategies to increase physical activity (PA) in cancer survivors. We examined the efficacy of a 12-month exercise-based rehabilitation program on self-reported PA, cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak), strength, and patient-reported outcomes. PATIENTS ...
Dorey Grace - - 2013
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK. Treatment with radical prostatectomy may produce risk factors that commonly include urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction. Post-prostatectomy incontinence can be classified as either stress urinary incontinence, urge urinary incontinence or post-micturition dribble. Evidence has shown that these embarrassing ...
Vandersluis Avi D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The relationships between diet, exercise, and prostate cancer (PCa) remain unclear. We have previously reported that a "Western" diet promotes PCa tumor growth in vivo. Presently, we report the effects of sustained aerobic exercise on PCa progression in animals fed a high-fat diet versus a standard diet. METHODS: Athymic ...
Andersen Søren P - - 2013
Introduction: We investigated the effect of high-intensity exercise on plasma creatine kinase (CK) in persons with muscular dystrophies. Method: Fourteen patients with Becker (BMD), facioscapulhumeral (FSHD), or limb-girdle type 2 (LGMD2) muscular dystrophy, and 8 healthy subjects performed 5 cycling tests: an incremental max test, and tests at 65, 75, ...
Nogueira Felipe Romano Damas - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To compare the susceptibility of elbow flexors (EF) and knee extensors (KE) to eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage in older individuals, since ageing could modulate the difference in the susceptibility to muscle damage between muscles. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and cross-over study design. METHODS: Eight older (61.6±1.8 years) adults performed 5 sets ...
Ramírez A Susana - - 2013
The amount of cancer-related information available to the general population continues to grow; yet, its effects are unclear. This study extends previous cross-sectional research establishing that cancer information seeking across a variety of sources is extensive and positively associated with engaging in health-related behaviors. The authors studied how active information ...
Speed-Andrews Amy E - - 2013
To estimate the prevalence and correlates of meeting the public health strength exercise guidelines (≥2 days/week) in colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors. A random sample of 600 CRC survivors in Alberta, Canada, completed a mailed questionnaire assessing medical, demographic, and behavioral variables and participation in strength exercise. About a quarter (25.5%) ...
Singh Favil - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recent reviews suggest that enhancing fitness and functional capacity prior to surgery can accelerate post-surgery recovery and reduce mortality. However, the effect of pre-surgical exercise interventions in cancer patients is not fully explained. The aim of this paper is to systematically review the available literature regarding pre-surgery exercise training ...
Ahn Ki-Yong - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of a postsurgical, inpatient exercise program on postoperative recovery in operable colon cancer patients METHODS: We conducted the randomized controlled trial with two arms: postoperative exercise vs. usual care. Patients with stages I-III colon cancer who underwent colectomy between January and December ...
Singh Abhay A - - 2013
Exercise is a modifiable lifestyle risk factor associated with prostate cancer risk reduction. However, whether this association is different as a function of race is unclear. In the current study, the authors attempted to characterize the link between exercise and prostate cancer (CaP) in white and black American men. Using ...
Kim Sung-Gyung - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether an 8-week period of backward walking (BW) training on the treadmill can improve the gross motor function measure (GMFM), weight-bearing symmetry, and temporospatial gait parameters in individuals with spastic cerebral palsy. Twelve participants aged 5-15 years with spastic cerebral palsy participated ...
Veggi K F T - - 2013
PURPOSE: We examined the effects of creatine supplementation on the response to repeated bouts of resistance exercise. METHODS: Young men (24.1 ± 5.2 yr) were divided into Creatine (CM, n = 9) and Placebo (PL, n = 9) groups. On day (D) 1 and D15, subjects performed four sets of ...
Cormie P - - 2013
Background:Previous research has shown exercise to be an effective method to mitigate many adverse treatment-related effects of androgen suppression therapy (AST) but the potential impact of exercise on sexual activity remains unknown. The purpose of this investigation was to report the effect of a 12-week exercise program on sexual activity ...
Gho Sheridan A - - 2013
PURPOSE: Side effects as a result of breast cancer treatment may have a lasting detrimental impact on quality of life. Exercise has been shown to be an effective intervention in post-treatment care. This study aimed to gain a better understanding of breast cancer treatment-related side effects through identifying potential patient ...
Winters-Stone Kerri M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) can evaluate how well a particular exercise programme reduces cancer treatment-related side effects. Adequate design and reporting of the exercise prescription employed in RCTs is central to interpreting study findings and translating effective interventions into practice. Our previous review on the quality and reporting of ...
Radom-Aizik Shlomit S Pediatric Exercise Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California 92697-4094, USA. - - 2013
Natural killers (NK) cells are unique innate immune cells that increase up to fivefold in the circulating blood with brief exercise and are known to play a key role in first-response defense against pathogens and cancer immunosurveillance. Whether exercise alters NK cell gene and microRNA (miRNA) expression is not known. ...
Moon Sae Hoon - - 2013
Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the relationship between lifestyle behavior and quality of life (QoL) among cancer survivors in Korea. Methods: Data for a total of 471 (173 men, 298 women) cancer survivors (CS) over 40 years old were obtained from the database of the 4th Korean National ...
Rundqvist Helene - - 2013
Physical activity is associated with reduced risk of several cancers, including aggressive prostate cancer. The mechanisms mediating the effects are not yet understood; among the candidates are modifications of endogenous hormone levels. Long-term exercise is known to reduce serum levels of growth stimulating hormones. In contrast, the endocrine effects of ...
Gianola Silvia - - 2013
Although muscular dystrophy causes muscle weakness and muscle loss, the role of exercise in the management of this disease remains controversial. The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the role of exercise interventions on muscle strength in patients with muscular dystrophy. We performed systematic electronic searches in Medline, ...
Tatham Barbara B School of Rehabilitation Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, - - 2013
Purpose: Recent research indicates that physiotherapy interventions, such as exercise and manual therapy, may be effective in decreasing the frequency of side effects linked with breast cancer treatment, including fatigue, pain, nausea, and decreased quality of life. This systematic review aims to determine the efficacy of exercise therapy in reducing ...
Wenzel Jennifer A JA School of Nursing, Department of Oncology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205-2110, USA. - - 2013
Exercise use among patients with cancer has been shown to have many benefits and few notable risks. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a home-based walking intervention during cancer treatment on sleep quality, emotional distress, and fatigue. Methods. A total of 138 patients with prostate ...
Jones Lee W - - 2012
Significant progress has been made in the field of exercise-oncology research over the past two decades. As the field continues to forge ahead, it is time to reflect on past accomplishments in order to inform and define the critical unanswered questions postulated to have the largest impact on the field ...
Santa Mina Daniel - - 2012
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer (PCa) has side effects that significantly impair health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Exercise ameliorates many side effects of ADT but different modalities, particularly in the home-based setting, have not been well-studied. In this study we randomly assigned 66 PCa survivors receiving ADT to ...
- - 2012
To the Editor: Basaria and Bhasin (Sept. 6 issue)(1) report that men with prostate cancer who are receiving androgen-deprivation therapy have multiple adverse events. The authors included follistatin and irisin between the main targets of investigation to prevent and treat the metabolic side effects associated with androgen-deprivation therapy. It has ...
Sanchis-Gomar Fabian - - 2012
To the Editor: Basaria and Bhasin (Sept. 6 issue)(1) report that men with prostate cancer who are receiving androgen-deprivation therapy have multiple adverse events. The authors included follistatin and irisin between the main targets of investigation to prevent and treat the metabolic side effects associated with androgen-deprivation therapy. It has ...
Husebø Anne M Lunde - - 2012
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine research findings regarding predictors of adherence to exercise programmes in cancer populations. BACKGROUND: Cancer patients are advised to participate in daily exercise. Whether they comply with the recommendations for physical activity or not remains unclear. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Empirical articles published ...
Martin Eric - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and efficacy of delivering Pilates exercises for resistance training to breast cancer survivors using the MVe Fitness Chair™. DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Twenty-six female breast cancer survivors were randomized to use the MVe Fitness Chair™ (n=8), traditional resistance training (n=8), or a control ...
Cantarero-Villanueva Irene - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current randomized clinical trial was to investigate the effectiveness of an 8-week aquatic program on cancer-related fatigue, as well as, physical and psychological outcomes in breast cancer survivors. DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Outpatient clinic, urban, academic medical center and a sport university swimming ...
Cheville Andrea L AL Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. - - 2013
Exercise benefits patients with cancer, but studies of home-based approaches, particularly among those with Stage IV disease, remain small and exploratory. To conduct an adequately powered trial of a home-based exercise intervention that can be facilely integrated into established delivery and reimbursement structures. Sixty-six adults with Stage IV lung or ...
Anton Philip M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Little research has addressed exercise and nutrition-based interventions for cancer caregivers. This study explored cancer caregivers' perceptions of participating in a structured exercise and nutrition program alongside cancer survivors for whom they provided care. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted by one interviewer with 12 cancer caregivers about their ...
Aoki Kazuhiro - - 2012
Wheat gluten hydrolysate (WGH) is reported to suppress the muscle injuries associated with exercise in long distance running and weight training. In the present study, we investigated the effects of WGH consumption on suppression of muscle injury after soccer training in a double-blind crossover study. Immediately after a mini soccer ...
Beckers Paul J - - 2012
Exercise training efficiently improves peak oxygen uptake (V˙O2peak) in patients with chronic heart failure. To optimize training-derived benefit, higher exercise intensities are being explored. The correct identification of anaerobic threshold is important to allow safe and effective exercise prescription. During 48 cardiopulmonary exercise tests obtained in patients with chronic heart ...
Maia Maria Emilia Oliveira - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the immediate effects of the high-pitched blowing vocal exercise. METHODS: This is a comparative observational study. Participants were 46 women with ages between 25 and 45 years, who were divided into two groups: 23 individuals with vocal complaint (VCG), and 23 without vocal complaint (WVCG). The procedures ...
Mustian Karen M - - 2012
Cancer and its treatments produce a myriad of burdensome side effects and significantly impair quality of life (QOL). Exercise reduces side effects and improves QOL for cancer patients during treatment and recovery. Exercise prior to, during, and after completion of cancer treatments provides numerous beneficial outcomes. Exercise represents an effective ...
Baldwin Evan R L - - 2012
Purpose: Damage to the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) can result in denervation of the trapezius muscle in patients undergoing surgery for head and neck cancer. Trapezius denervation leads to muscle weakness and dysfunction that, for some patients, persists despite the return of conduction along the SAN. This prospective case series ...
Battaglini Claudio L CL Department of Exercise & Sports Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2012
Cachexia in cancer patients is a condition marked by severe tissue wasting and a myriad of quality of life and health consequences. Cachexia is also directly linked to the issues of morbidity and survivability in cancer patients. Therapeutic means of mitigating cachexia and its effects are thus critical in cancer ...
Cramp Fiona F Faculty of Health & Life Sciences, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. - - 2012
Cancer-related fatigue is recognised as an important symptom associated with cancer and its treatment. A number of studies have investigated the effects of physical activity in reducing cancer-related fatigue. This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in The Cochrane Library (2008, Issue 1). The original review ...
Scalzi S - - 2011
It has been recently shown in the literature that a robust output feedback controller for the heart rate regulation can be designed for an experimentally validated second order nonlinear model of the human heart rate response during longduration treadmill exercises: it is based on piecewise linear approximations of the original ...
Hayes Sandra C - - 2011
Evidence supporting the benefits of exercise following the diagnosis of breast cancer is overwhelming and compelling. Exercise reduces the severity and number of treatment-related side effects, optimizes quality of life during and following treatment, and may optimize survival. Yet, exercise does not uniformly form part of the standards of care ...
Mahadevan Gnanadevan G University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, - - 2012
Despite major advances in our understanding of 'systolic' heart failure, at present the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and therapy of heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF) is poorly understood, in large part because of the lack of robust and widely accepted diagnostic criteria. Although there is a good evidence ...
Chiu Hsin-Hui - - 2011
In this study, we sought to assess the cardiopulmonary functions in three pediatric heart transplant recipients, two of whom are with dilated cardiomyopathy, whereas one is with cyanotic heart disease, in early postoperative period. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing was performed using an incremental cycling at 1 mo after surgery. The results ...
Blaney J M - - 2013
To investigate the exercise barriers, facilitators and preferences of a mixed sample of cancer survivors as well as fatigue levels, quality of life (QoL) and the frequency and intensity of exercise that cancer survivors typically engage in. An anonymous, postal questionnaire-survey with a convenience sample of 975 cancer survivors was ...
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