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Singh Abhay A - - 2013
Exercise is a modifiable lifestyle risk factor associated with prostate cancer risk reduction. However, whether this association is different as a function of race is unclear. In the current study, the authors attempted to characterize the link between exercise and prostate cancer (CaP) in white and black American men. Using ...
Kim Sung-Gyung - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether an 8-week period of backward walking (BW) training on the treadmill can improve the gross motor function measure (GMFM), weight-bearing symmetry, and temporospatial gait parameters in individuals with spastic cerebral palsy. Twelve participants aged 5-15 years with spastic cerebral palsy participated ...
Veggi K F T - - 2013
PURPOSE: We examined the effects of creatine supplementation on the response to repeated bouts of resistance exercise. METHODS: Young men (24.1 ± 5.2 yr) were divided into Creatine (CM, n = 9) and Placebo (PL, n = 9) groups. On day (D) 1 and D15, subjects performed four sets of ...
Cormie P - - 2013
Background:Previous research has shown exercise to be an effective method to mitigate many adverse treatment-related effects of androgen suppression therapy (AST) but the potential impact of exercise on sexual activity remains unknown. The purpose of this investigation was to report the effect of a 12-week exercise program on sexual activity ...
Gho Sheridan A - - 2013
PURPOSE: Side effects as a result of breast cancer treatment may have a lasting detrimental impact on quality of life. Exercise has been shown to be an effective intervention in post-treatment care. This study aimed to gain a better understanding of breast cancer treatment-related side effects through identifying potential patient ...
Winters-Stone Kerri M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) can evaluate how well a particular exercise programme reduces cancer treatment-related side effects. Adequate design and reporting of the exercise prescription employed in RCTs is central to interpreting study findings and translating effective interventions into practice. Our previous review on the quality and reporting of ...
Radom-Aizik Shlomit S Pediatric Exercise Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California 92697-4094, USA. - - 2013
Natural killers (NK) cells are unique innate immune cells that increase up to fivefold in the circulating blood with brief exercise and are known to play a key role in first-response defense against pathogens and cancer immunosurveillance. Whether exercise alters NK cell gene and microRNA (miRNA) expression is not known. ...
Moon Sae Hoon - - 2013
Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the relationship between lifestyle behavior and quality of life (QoL) among cancer survivors in Korea. Methods: Data for a total of 471 (173 men, 298 women) cancer survivors (CS) over 40 years old were obtained from the database of the 4th Korean National ...
Rundqvist Helene - - 2013
Physical activity is associated with reduced risk of several cancers, including aggressive prostate cancer. The mechanisms mediating the effects are not yet understood; among the candidates are modifications of endogenous hormone levels. Long-term exercise is known to reduce serum levels of growth stimulating hormones. In contrast, the endocrine effects of ...
Gianola Silvia - - 2013
Although muscular dystrophy causes muscle weakness and muscle loss, the role of exercise in the management of this disease remains controversial. The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the role of exercise interventions on muscle strength in patients with muscular dystrophy. We performed systematic electronic searches in Medline, ...
Tatham Barbara B School of Rehabilitation Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, - - 2013
Purpose: Recent research indicates that physiotherapy interventions, such as exercise and manual therapy, may be effective in decreasing the frequency of side effects linked with breast cancer treatment, including fatigue, pain, nausea, and decreased quality of life. This systematic review aims to determine the efficacy of exercise therapy in reducing ...
Wenzel Jennifer A JA School of Nursing, Department of Oncology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205-2110, USA. - - 2013
Exercise use among patients with cancer has been shown to have many benefits and few notable risks. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a home-based walking intervention during cancer treatment on sleep quality, emotional distress, and fatigue. Methods. A total of 138 patients with prostate ...
Jones Lee W - - 2012
Significant progress has been made in the field of exercise-oncology research over the past two decades. As the field continues to forge ahead, it is time to reflect on past accomplishments in order to inform and define the critical unanswered questions postulated to have the largest impact on the field ...
Santa Mina Daniel - - 2012
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer (PCa) has side effects that significantly impair health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Exercise ameliorates many side effects of ADT but different modalities, particularly in the home-based setting, have not been well-studied. In this study we randomly assigned 66 PCa survivors receiving ADT to ...
- - 2012
To the Editor: Basaria and Bhasin (Sept. 6 issue)(1) report that men with prostate cancer who are receiving androgen-deprivation therapy have multiple adverse events. The authors included follistatin and irisin between the main targets of investigation to prevent and treat the metabolic side effects associated with androgen-deprivation therapy. It has ...
Sanchis-Gomar Fabian - - 2012
To the Editor: Basaria and Bhasin (Sept. 6 issue)(1) report that men with prostate cancer who are receiving androgen-deprivation therapy have multiple adverse events. The authors included follistatin and irisin between the main targets of investigation to prevent and treat the metabolic side effects associated with androgen-deprivation therapy. It has ...
Husebø Anne M Lunde - - 2012
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine research findings regarding predictors of adherence to exercise programmes in cancer populations. BACKGROUND: Cancer patients are advised to participate in daily exercise. Whether they comply with the recommendations for physical activity or not remains unclear. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Empirical articles published ...
Martin Eric - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and efficacy of delivering Pilates exercises for resistance training to breast cancer survivors using the MVe Fitness Chair™. DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Twenty-six female breast cancer survivors were randomized to use the MVe Fitness Chair™ (n=8), traditional resistance training (n=8), or a control ...
Cantarero-Villanueva Irene - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current randomized clinical trial was to investigate the effectiveness of an 8-week aquatic program on cancer-related fatigue, as well as, physical and psychological outcomes in breast cancer survivors. DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Outpatient clinic, urban, academic medical center and a sport university swimming ...
Cheville Andrea L AL Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. - - 2013
Exercise benefits patients with cancer, but studies of home-based approaches, particularly among those with Stage IV disease, remain small and exploratory. To conduct an adequately powered trial of a home-based exercise intervention that can be facilely integrated into established delivery and reimbursement structures. Sixty-six adults with Stage IV lung or ...
Anton Philip M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Little research has addressed exercise and nutrition-based interventions for cancer caregivers. This study explored cancer caregivers' perceptions of participating in a structured exercise and nutrition program alongside cancer survivors for whom they provided care. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted by one interviewer with 12 cancer caregivers about their ...
Aoki Kazuhiro - - 2012
Wheat gluten hydrolysate (WGH) is reported to suppress the muscle injuries associated with exercise in long distance running and weight training. In the present study, we investigated the effects of WGH consumption on suppression of muscle injury after soccer training in a double-blind crossover study. Immediately after a mini soccer ...
Beckers Paul J - - 2012
Exercise training efficiently improves peak oxygen uptake (V˙O2peak) in patients with chronic heart failure. To optimize training-derived benefit, higher exercise intensities are being explored. The correct identification of anaerobic threshold is important to allow safe and effective exercise prescription. During 48 cardiopulmonary exercise tests obtained in patients with chronic heart ...
Maia Maria Emilia Oliveira - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the immediate effects of the high-pitched blowing vocal exercise. METHODS: This is a comparative observational study. Participants were 46 women with ages between 25 and 45 years, who were divided into two groups: 23 individuals with vocal complaint (VCG), and 23 without vocal complaint (WVCG). The procedures ...
Mustian Karen M - - 2012
Cancer and its treatments produce a myriad of burdensome side effects and significantly impair quality of life (QOL). Exercise reduces side effects and improves QOL for cancer patients during treatment and recovery. Exercise prior to, during, and after completion of cancer treatments provides numerous beneficial outcomes. Exercise represents an effective ...
Baldwin Evan R L - - 2012
Purpose: Damage to the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) can result in denervation of the trapezius muscle in patients undergoing surgery for head and neck cancer. Trapezius denervation leads to muscle weakness and dysfunction that, for some patients, persists despite the return of conduction along the SAN. This prospective case series ...
Battaglini Claudio L CL Department of Exercise & Sports Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2012
Cachexia in cancer patients is a condition marked by severe tissue wasting and a myriad of quality of life and health consequences. Cachexia is also directly linked to the issues of morbidity and survivability in cancer patients. Therapeutic means of mitigating cachexia and its effects are thus critical in cancer ...
Cramp Fiona F Faculty of Health & Life Sciences, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. - - 2012
Cancer-related fatigue is recognised as an important symptom associated with cancer and its treatment. A number of studies have investigated the effects of physical activity in reducing cancer-related fatigue. This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in The Cochrane Library (2008, Issue 1). The original review ...
Scalzi S - - 2011
It has been recently shown in the literature that a robust output feedback controller for the heart rate regulation can be designed for an experimentally validated second order nonlinear model of the human heart rate response during longduration treadmill exercises: it is based on piecewise linear approximations of the original ...
Hayes Sandra C - - 2011
Evidence supporting the benefits of exercise following the diagnosis of breast cancer is overwhelming and compelling. Exercise reduces the severity and number of treatment-related side effects, optimizes quality of life during and following treatment, and may optimize survival. Yet, exercise does not uniformly form part of the standards of care ...
Mahadevan Gnanadevan G University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, - - 2012
Despite major advances in our understanding of 'systolic' heart failure, at present the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and therapy of heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF) is poorly understood, in large part because of the lack of robust and widely accepted diagnostic criteria. Although there is a good evidence ...
Chiu Hsin-Hui - - 2011
In this study, we sought to assess the cardiopulmonary functions in three pediatric heart transplant recipients, two of whom are with dilated cardiomyopathy, whereas one is with cyanotic heart disease, in early postoperative period. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing was performed using an incremental cycling at 1 mo after surgery. The results ...
Blaney J M - - 2013
To investigate the exercise barriers, facilitators and preferences of a mixed sample of cancer survivors as well as fatigue levels, quality of life (QoL) and the frequency and intensity of exercise that cancer survivors typically engage in. An anonymous, postal questionnaire-survey with a convenience sample of 975 cancer survivors was ...
Piña Ileana L - - 2011
With the aging of the population and advances in acute treatment of ischemic events and surgical techniques for coronary artery and valvular heart disease, the prevalence of heart failure has been increasing. Lifestyle modifications are an integral part of preventing and treating most pathologic human conditions, and include behavioral modifications, ...
Buber Jonathan - - 2011
Background: Patients with atrial fibrillation sustain a significant lower exercise tolerance compared to those in sinus rhythm, even while seemingly in adequate rate-control. Methods: Exercise testing was performed during atrial fibrillation and after electric cardioversion for 30 patients who were initially treated with AV modifying agents and were considered in ...
Tulumen Erol - - 2011
Background: Although predictive value of heart rate recovery (HRR) has been tested in large populations, the reproducibility of HRR in treadmill exercise test has not been assessed prospectively. This prospective study examined whether HRR index has test-retest stability in the short term. Methods: A total of 52 healthy volunteers without ...
Chou Roger - - 2011
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in adults. Screening for abnormalities by using resting or exercise electrocardiography (ECG) might help identify persons who would benefit from interventions to reduce cardiovascular risk. To update the 2004 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force evidence review on screening for resting or ...
Geyer Reinhard - - 2011
In many sports, regular cardiac screening for exercise-associated sudden cardiac death is still not provided. To set up the current situation in top-skilled handball players qualified for the 2010 European Handball Championship in Austria, a standardised questionnaire was sent to every team. The fact that only 42.7% of the players ...
Kitzman Dalane W - - 2011
Exercise intolerance is the primary symptom of chronic diastolic heart failure. It is part of the definition of heart failure and is intimately linked to its pathophysiology. Further, exercise intolerance affects the diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure. In addition, understanding the mechanisms of exercise intolerance can lead to developing ...
Mitchell Simon J - - 2011
Cardiac events are responsible for a significant proportion of recreational diving fatalities. It seems inescapable that our current systems for selecting suitable recreational diver candidates and for longitudinal monitoring of diver health are failing to exclude some divers at high risk of cardiac events. Based on review of practice in ...
Barnabei Matthew S - - 2011
The muscular dystrophies are a heterogeneous collection of progressive, inherited diseases of muscle weakness and degeneration. Although these diseases can vary widely in their etiology and presentation, nearly all muscular dystrophies cause exercise intolerance to some degree. Here, we focus on Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the most common form of ...
Clough Bonnie A - - 2011
This paper identified and reviewed technological adjuncts to increase client adherence to therapy. Three areas of adherence were identified, namely treatment dropout and non-attendance, engagement during and between therapy sessions, and aftercare. Database searches were conducted in each of these areas to identify relevant studies published between the years of ...
Skip Rizzo Albert - - 2011
The convergence of the exponential advances in virtual reality (VR)-enabling technologies with a growing body of clinical research and experience has fueled the evolution of the discipline of clinical VR. This article begins with a brief overview of methods for producing and delivering VR environments that can be accessed by ...
Boedeker Ben H - - 2011
This study examined the feasibility of using Skype<sup>TM</sup> technology in basic manikin intubation instruction of Nebraska National Air Guard personnel at a Casualty Training Exercise. Results show that the Skype<sup>TM</sup> monitor provided clear sound and visualization of the airway view to the trainees and the combination of VoIP technology and ...
Ciolac Emmanuel Gomes - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare the heart rate response to exercise and the exercise-induced improvements in muscle strength, cardiorespiratory fitness and heart rate response between normal-weight and overweight/obese postmenopausal women. Sedentary women (n = 155) were divided into normal-weight (n = 79; BMI <25 kg/m(2); 58.3 ± ...
Siegler Jason C - - 2011
Multiple studies have shown that the exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) is less accurate for predicting ischemia, especially in women, and there is additional evidence to suggest that heart size may affect its diagnostic accuracy. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the exercise ECG based on ...
Aboodarda Saied Jalal SJ Sports - - 2011
Nautilus Machine (NM) and Elastic Resistance (ER) have gained considerable popularity among athletes and recreational lifters seeking to increase muscle strength. However, there is controversy concerning the use of ER for increasing muscle hypertrophy and strength among healthy-trained individuals. The aim of the study was to compare the effect of ...
Jordan Mark - - 2010
Limited research documents if new and existing interactive computer gaming "exergaming" increase energy expenditure and cardio-respiratory costs comparable to common exercise modalities. To address this, healthy male volunteers (n = 15) completed six by 12-min test elements: PlayStation2 (PS2(hand)), Nintendo Wii boxing, walk at 5.6 km h(-1), cycle at 120 W, playing an adapted lower ...
Marques Andrea - - 2010
There is no consensus on the amount of exercise necessary to improve pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function. We reviewed the pathophysiology of PFM dysfunction and the evolution of PFM training regimens since Kegel introduced the concept of pelvic floor awareness and the benefits of strength. This paper also describes the ...
Marino F E - - 2010
To examine the neuromuscular responses to 60 minutes of self-paced high-intensity exercise punctuated with 6 × 1-minute "all-out" sprints at 10-minute intervals in moderate (19.8°C, SEM 0.3) and warm (33.2, SEM 0.1), humid (∼64% relative humidity) conditions with either complete hydration (CH) or without hydration (NF). Seven subjects (mean age ...
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