Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1160
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
McConaghy F F - - 2002
Cardiac output (Q) and tissue blood flows (BF) were measured in four ponies at rest, after 30 min of moderate exercise (ME) (approximately 30% VO2max) and following moderately intense exercise (M-IE) (approximately 65%) until fatigue, in a mildly hot (MH) environment (dry bulb temperature = 41 degrees C, wet bulb ...
Silverman S C - - 2002
This study examined the accuracy and precision of a hand-held, chemical analyser, i-STAT, in measuring selected blood constituents which may be of use in the diagnosis and management of metabolic disorders found in exercising horses. Venous blood samples were taken from 3 Thoroughbred geldings, fit and trained to exercise on ...
Gass E M - - 2002
To compare thermoregulatory responses of highly trained men who are tetraplegic during 40 min exercise at 65% [Vdot]O(2) peak and 60 min immersion in 39 degrees C water. Four physically trained men who are tetraplegic participated in three laboratory visits. The first visit involved familiarisation and then determination of [Vdot]O(2) ...
Wilson Thad E - - 2002
This study compared the effects of pre-exercise cooling with control water immersions on exercise-induced thermal loads derived from steady-state submaximal exercise. Eight healthy male participants [mean (SEM) age 29 (1) years, maximal oxygen uptake 3.81 (0.74) l x min(-1), and body surface area 1.85 (0.11) m(2)] took part in experiments ...
Hunter A M - - 2002
This study analysed the effect of hot (35 degrees C) and cold (15 degrees C) environments on electromyographic (EMG) signal characteristics, skin and rectal temperatures and heart rate during progressive endurance exercise. Eight healthy subjects performed three successive 15-min rides at 30%, 50% and 70% of their peak sustained power ...
Klein Wilfried - - 2002
In most reptiles, the ventilatory response to hypercapnia consists of large increases in tidal volume (V(T)), whereas the effects on breathing frequency (f(R)) are more variable. The increased V(T) seems to arise from direct inhibition of pulmonary stretch receptors. Most reptiles also exhibit a transitory increase in ventilation upon removal ...
Newsham Katherine R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Heat-related deaths are among the most preventable injuries in athletics. We sought to examine two methods of monitoring body temperature during exercise as a means of preventing heat-related illnesses. METHODS: Ten adult subjects exercised in hot, humid conditions while body temperature was monitored by rectal (Tre) and tympanic (Tty) ...
Fukuoka Yoshiyuki - - 2002
We investigated the influence of altering exercise intensity (150, 300, and 450 kpm/min) on the resetting of the core temperature threshold for the onset of the sweating rate (M(sw)) and the alteration of sweating sensitivity during the menstrual cycle in women. Five women underwent cycling exercise for 30 min in ...
Kondo N - - 2002
The purpose of this project was to test the hypothesis that internal temperature modulates the sweating response to sustained handgrip exercise. Ten healthy male subjects immersed their legs in 43 degrees C water for 30-40 min at an ambient temperatures of 30 degrees C and a relative humidity of 50%. ...
Froget G - - 2002
This study investigated whether exposure to low ambient temperature could be used as an alternative to exercise for calibrating heart rate (fH) against rate of oxygen consumption ((O(2))) for subsequent use of fH to estimate (O(2)) in free-ranging animals. Using the relationship between the oxygen pulse (OP, the amount of ...
Nybo Lars - - 2002
Interleukin (IL)-6 is a pleiotropic cytokine, which has a variety of physiological roles including functions within the central nervous system. Circulating IL-6 increases markedly during exercise, partly due to the release of IL-6 from the contracting skeletal muscles, and exercise-induced IL-6 may be linked with central fatigue, which is enhanced ...
Mitchell Christopher R - - 2002
This study determined the role of body temperature during exercise on cytochrome-c oxidase (CytOx) activity, a marker of mitochondrial content, and mitochondrial heat shock protein 70 (mtHSP70), which is required for import of nuclear-coded preproteins. Male, 10-wk-old, Sprague-Dawley rats exercised identically for 9 wk in ambient temperatures of 23 degrees ...
Yoshida Tetsuya - - 2002
To analyse the critical level of water deficit which causes a decrease in aerobic and anaerobic exercise performance, a step test score (STS) and 10 s maximal anaerobic power (MAP) output during cycling exercise were measured in two experiments (Ex-1, n=7, and Ex-2, n=9), before and after baseball practice, using ...
Price M J - - 2002
The thermoregulatory responses of upper-body trained athletes were examined at rest, during prolonged arm crank exercise and recovery in cool (21.5 +/- 0.9 degrees C, 43.9 +/- 10.1% relative humidity; mean +/- s) and warm (31.5 +/- 0.6 degrees C, 48.9 +/- 8.4% relative humidity) conditions. Aural temperature increased from ...
Larcombe Alexander - - 2002
The effects of ambient temperatures (T(a)) from 10 degrees to 35 degrees C on metabolism, ventilation, and oxygen extraction were examined for the southern brown bandicoot (Isoodon obesulus). Oxygen consumption (VO2) followed the pattern typical for endotherms, decreasing with increasing T(a) from 10 degrees to 25 degrees C. It did ...
Blank Jason M - - 2002
Tuna are endothermic fish with high metabolic rates, cardiac outputs and aerobic capacities. While tuna warm their skeletal muscle, viscera, brain and eyes, their hearts remain near ambient temperature, raising the possibility that cardiac performance may limit their thermal niches. We used an in situ perfused heart preparation to investigate ...
Butler Patrick J - - 2002
To enable the use of heart rate (fH) for estimating field metabolic rate (FMR) in free-ranging Galapagos marine iguanas Amblyrhynchus cristatus, we determined the relationships between fH and mass-specific rate of oxygen consumption (sVO2) in seven iguanas before and during exercise on a treadmill and during the post-exercise period. The ...
Nybo Lars - - 2002
The development of hyperthermia during prolonged exercise in humans is associated with various changes in the brain, but it is not known whether the cerebral metabolism or the global cerebral blood flow (gCBF) is affected. Eight endurance-trained subjects completed two exercise bouts on a cycle ergometer. The gCBF and cerebral ...
Binzoni Tiziano - - 2002
The present work was aimed at measuring intramuscular oxygen consumption (O(2)) as a function of temperature (T), in human forearm, during rest and aerobic isometric exercise (4% of the maximal voluntary contraction, MVC). Based upon results from in vitro experiments performed on isolated mitochondria of animal species, it was hypothesised ...
Yamazaki Fumio - - 2002
PURPOSE: To test whether vasomotor responses to dynamic exercise differ in glabrous and nonglabrous human skin, we determined the phase response and amplitude response of cutaneous vascular conductance in the forearm (CVCforearm), dorsal hand (CVCdorsal hand), and palm (CVCpalm) to sinusoidal exercise. METHODS: Nine healthy subjects exercised on a cycle ...
Layden Joseph D - - 2002
PURPOSE: The influence of cold air exposure on fuel utilization during prolonged cycle exercise was investigated. METHODS: Nine male subjects cycled for 90 min in ambient temperatures of -10 degrees C, 0 degrees C, 10 degrees C, and 20 degrees C. External work performed between conditions was constant. Mean oxygen ...
Lee Stuart M C - - 2002
Two potential mechanisms, reduced skin blood flow (SBF) and sweating rate (SR), may be responsible for elevated intestinal temperature (T(in)) during exercise after bed rest and spaceflight. Seven men underwent 13 days of 6 degrees head-down bed rest. Pre- and post-bed rest, subjects completed supine submaximal cycle ergometry (20 min ...
Wang Yuan - - 2002
Lesions of the lateral parabrachial nucleus (lPBN) disrupt acquisition of LiCl-induced conditioned taste avoidance. Animals with lesions in this area also fail to exhibit taste neophobia. This raises the possibility that an inability of rats to recognize the taste solution as novel contributes to the deficit in taste avoidance learning. ...
Kim K H - - 2002
Optical spectroscopy was used to investigate the optical gap ( 2 Delta) due to charge ordering (CO) and related pseudogap developments with x and temperature ( T) in La(1-x)Ca(x)MnO(3) ( 0.48< or =x< or =0.67). Surprisingly, we found 2 Delta/k(B)T(CO) is as large as 30 for x approximately 0.5, and ...
Lang Manfred - - 2002
Perioperative-induced hypothermia is a common means of reducing ischemic injury in neurosurgical procedures and cardiac surgery, and it may occur accidentally. Somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) are used frequently for neurophysiologic monitoring of these procedures. The effects of hypothermia on SSEPs have been studied widely in humans with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) ...
Ferguson Richard A - - 2002
The effect of elevated human muscle temperature on energy turnover was investigated during cycling exercise (at 85 % of (VO(2)max)) at a contraction frequency of 60 revs min(-1). Muscle temperature was passively elevated prior to exercise by immersion of the legs in a hot water bath (42 degrees C). During ...
Urbaneja Alberto - - 2002
Cirrospilus vittatus is a generalist parasitoid detected on the invading Phyllocnistis citrella 1 yr after the introduction of this pest into Spain in 1993. In this study, the influence of temperature on parasitoid development, survival, and some selected life history parameters was determined. Development times shortened as the temperature increased ...
Gregson W A - - 2002
To determine the effects of pre-warming on the human metabolic and thermoregulatory responses to prolonged steady-rate exercise in moderate ambient temperatures and relative humidities [means (SD) 21.7 (2.1) degrees C and 36.7 (5.4)%, respectively], six healthy men each ran at a steady-rate (70% maximal oxygen uptake) on a treadmill until ...
Laird I S - - 2002
Twelve New Zealand workers from a range of occupations were studied to investigate the effect of wearing air-filtering respiratory protection on heart rate (HR) and facial skin temperature (Tlip and Tcheek) whilst working. All variables were measured continuously during simulated and actual work. The former allowed physiological measurements to be ...
Gracenea M - - 2002
Factors influencing the transmission of Cryptosporidium in primates and herbivores housed at the Barcelona zoo have been analyzed. The relationship between continuous and discontinuous oocyst shedding, both animal housing conditions and abiotic factors (seasonality, humidity, temperature) was examined to explain the epizootiology of the protozoan. Thirty six fecal samples from ...
Kolkhorst Fred W - - 2002
Our interest was to quantify the role of sweat gland activation on the maintenance of skin temperature during mild exercise in the heat. Seven days of tap-water iontophoresis decreased the number of active sweat glands by 72% which significantly increased forearm skin temperature and blood flow during mild exercise (70 ...
Kenny Glen P - - 2002
On 2 separate days, nine volunteers aged 23.8 (2.0) years performed 15-min bouts of treadmill running in a temperature-controlled chamber at 29 degrees C at a power output that elicited either 70% (moderate) or 93% (intense) of maximum oxygen consumption. Exercise was followed by a 45-min recovery period. End-exercise esophageal ...
Laburn Helen P - - 2002
We exposed Dorper-cross ewes at approximately 120-135 days of gestation to a hot (40 degrees C, 60% relative humidity) and a cold (4 degrees C, 90% relative humidity) environment and to treadmill exercise (2.1 km/h, 5 degrees gradient) and measured fetal lamb and ewe body temperatures using previously implanted abdominal ...
Aoki Ken - - 2002
To investigate the influence of nonthermal factors in the time-of-day effect on the sweating response to maintained static exercise, eight healthy male subjects performed handgrip exercise at 20%, 35% and 50% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) for 60 s at 0600 hours (morning) and at 1800 hours (evening). Oesophageal temperature ( ...
Youngstedt Shawn D - - 2002
In a within-subjects (n = 18), counterbalanced design, the circadian phase-shifting effects of 3 h of 1) bright light (3,000 lx) alone 2) and bright light combined with vigorous exercise were compared. For each treatment, volunteers spent 3 nights and 2 days in the laboratory, typically receiving the treatment from ...
Moura M A - - 2002
The effects of exercise and water replacement on intraocular pressure (IOP) have not been well established. Furthermore, it is not known whether the temperature of the fluid ingested influences the IOP response. In the present study we determined the effect of water ingestion at three temperatures (10, 24 and 38 ...
Yanagimoto S - - 2002
To investigate the effects of physical training on heat loss response to sustained handgrip exercise (non-thermal factors), we compared the sweating response during isometric handgrip exercise to mild hyperthermia in physically trained and untrained subjects. Seven trained and untrained male subjects (maximal oxygen uptake 62.7 +/- 2.4 and 42.7 +/- ...
Walsh Jennifer - - 2002
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the thermoregulatory and hemodynamic responses to moderate intensity exercise (60% of peak oxygen consumption [.VO(2peak)]) in warm (35 degrees C, 45% relative humidity) and cool (18 degrees C, 65% relative humidity) environments in men who had previously undergone coronary ...
Richardson J E - - 2001
Firefighters in Queensland are exposed to hot, humid weather conditions that contribute to the overall workload encountered during emergency operations. Responding to certain hazardous material incidents requires firefighters to wear fully encapsulated chemical protective suits for a maximum period of 20 minutes. The nature of these suits, combined with workload ...
Gavin T P - - 2001
PURPOSE: We investigated whether temperature regulation is improved during exercise in moderate heat by the use of clothing constructed from fabric that was purported to promote sweat evaporation compared with traditional fabrics. METHODS: Eight well-trained, euhydrated males performed three exercise bouts wearing garments made from an evaporative polyester fabric (SYN), ...
Iskra-Golec I - - 2001
Experiments consisting of baseline, bright light and physical exercise studies were carried out to compare the effect of a 9-hour delay in sleep-wakefulness timing, and the effects of bright light and physical exercise interventions on 24-hour patterns of performance, mood and body temperature were examined. Each study comprised a 24-hour ...
Martin L - - 2001
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of time of day on physiological responses to running at the speed at the lactate threshold. After determination of the lactate threshold, using a standard incremental protocol, nine male runners (age 26.3 +/- 5.7 years, height 1.77 +/- 0.07 m, ...
Higham T E - - 2001
Although the maximal speeds of straight-ahead running are well-documented for many species of Anolis and other lizards, no previous study has experimentally determined the effects of turning on the locomotor performance of a lizard. Anolis lizards are a diverse group of arboreal species, and the discrete paths created by networks ...
Cheuvront S N - - 2001
Ad libitum fluid intakes and thermoregulatory responses were compared in eight female marathon runners during a 30 km treadmill run at individual best marathon race pace (range = 2.45-4.07 m x s(-1)) under three wet bulb globe temperature conditions (25 degrees C, 17 degrees C and 12 degrees C, corresponding ...
Callard D - - 2001
Circadian rhythms have formed the subject of many researches in man during bed rest or usual routine, but have been little studied during continuous and sustained physical exercise. This study deals with the influence of time of day on biological markers in competitive cyclists during continuous physical exercise versus continuous ...
Nybo L - - 2001
The present study tested the hypothesis that perceived exertion during prolonged exercise in hot environments is associated with changes in cerebral electrical activity rather than changes in the electromyogram (EMG) of the exercising muscles. Therefore, electroencephalogram (EEG) in three positions (frontal, central, and occipital cortex), EMG, rating of perceived exertion ...
Brugger H - - 2001
The median annual mortality from snow avalanches registered in Europe and North America 1981-1998 was 146 (range 82-226); trend stable in Alpine countries (r=-0.29; P=0.24), increasing in North America (r=0.68; P=0.002). Swiss data over the same period document 1886 avalanche victims, with an overall mortality rate of 52.4% in completely-buried, ...
Stebbins C L - - 2001
Caffeine can enhance mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and attenuate forearm blood flow (FBF) and forearm vascular conductance (FVC) during exercise in thermal neutral conditions without altering body temperature. During exercise at higher ambient temperatures, where a greater transfer of heat from the body core to skin would be expected, ...
Gray S - - 2001
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of type of warm-up on metabolism and performance during high-intensity exercise. Eight males performed 30 s of intense exercise at 120% of their maximal power output followed, 1 min later, by a performance cycle to exhaustion, again at 120% of ...
Vanuxem P - - 2001
Muscle energy metabolism was studied in 30 subjects after recovery from exercise hyperthermia syndrome (EHTS subjects) and 15 healthy men with identical physical activities. Blood lactate, free fatty acid (FFA), serum creatine kinase activity (CK), and glycerol and the temperature in the auditory duct (T(c)) and on the thumb pad ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >