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Blancquaert Laura L Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2015
The use of dietary supplements in sports is widespread as athletes are continuously searching for strategies to increase performance at the highest level. Beta-alanine is such a supplement that became increasingly popular during the past years. This review examines the available evidence regarding the optimization of supplementation, the link between ...
Christie Anne A National Advisory Unit for Rehabilitation on Rheumatology (NKRR), Dept. of Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was two-fold: to compare symptoms and daily activity in patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases across periods with and without aquatic exercises, and to examine whether the patients reached an acceptable state of symptoms during the periods with aquatic exercises. Thirty-six patients reported pain, fatigue, stiffness ...
Smith Benjamin E - - 2014
Non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) is a large and costly problem. It has a lifetime prevalence of 80% and results in high levels of healthcare cost. It is a major cause for long term sickness amongst the workforce and is associated with high levels of fear avoidance and kinesiophobia. Stabilisation ...
Palau Patricia P Cardiology Department, Hospital de La Plana, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain - - 2014
About 50% of patients with heart failure (HF) have preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) which is especially common in elderly people with highly prevalent co-morbid conditions. HFpEF is usually defined as an ejection fraction equal to or greater than 50%, although some studies have used a limit as low as 40%. ...
Choi Humberto H Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2014
This review summarizes the general approach to evaluating the cardiopulmonary fitness of a patient with lung cancer being considered for lung resection. Many patients have a high risk for morbidity and mortality from lung resection owing to severe comorbidities or low cardiopulmonary reserve. A comprehensive and individualized assessment is essential ...
Flowers Elena E University of California, San Francisco - - 2014
MicroRNAs are post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. MicroRNAs reflect individual biologic adaptation to exposures in the environment. As such, measurement of circulating microRNAs presents an opportunity to evaluate biologic changes associated with behavioral interventions (i.e., exercise, diet) for weight loss. The aim of this manuscript is to perform a systematic ...
D'Ascenzi Flavio F aCardiologia Universitaria, Università degli Studi di Siena, Siena bDipartimento di Emergenza e Trapianto Organi, Università degli Studi di Bari, Bari cAzienda Sanitaria Locale di Brindisi, Brindisi dDipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze eDipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e Sperimentali, Università degli Studi di Brescia, Brescia fDipartimentodi Medicina Interna e Malattie Cardiovascolari, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo gDipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale, Università degli Studidi Sassari, Sassari hDipartimento di Patologia Chirurgica, Medica, Molecolare e dell'Area Critica, Università di Pisa, Pisa, - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation is the most common clinically significant arrhythmia observed both in the general population and in competitive athletes. The most important risk factors are all preventable by regular physical activity. However, although the benefits of moderate physical activity in controlling cardiovascular risk factors and decreasing the risk of atrial ...
García-Hermoso Antonio A Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Talca, - - 2014
Introduction. Detraining is the loss of improvements obtained through the participation in physical exercise/training after training cessation, an aspect that has been poorly studied in obese child population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the effects of detraining on the lipid profile (HDL, LDL, total cholesterol and ...
Paap Davy D University Utrecht and University Medical Center Utrecht, Master Clinical Health Sciences, Program in Physical Therapy Science, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Reference values (RV) for cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) provide the comparative basis for answering important questions concerning the normality of exercise response in patients and significantly impacts the clinical decision-making process. The aim of this study is to systematically review the literature on RV for CPET in healthy adults. A ...
Seifert Tad - - 2014
This article provides a practical clinical approach for the role of exercise in the treatment and management of neurologic disorders. A number of clinical studies have reported positive benefits from exercise in various neurologic disease states, suggesting that this mode of intervention should be considered as another option in clinical ...
Nilsson Gunnar - - 2014
BackgroundThe utility of clinical exercise tests depends on their support of treatment decisions. We sought to assess the utility of exercise tests for the selection of primary-care patients for referral to cardiologic care, and to determine whether referral decisions were biased by gender or socioeconomic status. We also evaluated referral ...
Grande Antonio Jose AJ Department of Public Health, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Av. Universitária, 1105, Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brazil, - - 2014
Cancer cachexia is a multi-factorial syndrome characterised by an ongoing loss of skeletal muscle mass, with or without a loss of fat mass, which leads to progressive functional impairment. Physical exercise may attenuate the effects of cancer cachexia via several mechanisms, including the modulation of muscle metabolism, insulin sensitivity and ...
Benatti Fabiana B FB Rheumatology Division, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paolo, Avenida Dr. Enéas de Carvalho Aguiar, 255, 05903-900, Sao Paolo, - - 2014
Persistent systemic inflammation, a typical feature of inflammatory rheumatic diseases, is associated with a high cardiovascular risk and predisposes to metabolic disorders and muscle wasting. These disorders can lead to disability and decreased physical activity, exacerbating inflammation and the development of a network of chronic diseases, thus establishing a 'vicious ...
Lira F S - - 2014
Dyslipidemia and inflammation are frequently found in some diseases, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cancer cachexia. Recent literature has identified that lipids have a pivotal role in the activation of inflammatory pathways, increasing the production of inflammatory cytokines, mainly tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 6 and 1β. ...
Roscoe David D Academic Department of Military Rehabilitation, Defence Medical Rehabilitation Centre (Headley Court), Epsom, UK Centre for Biomedical Engineering, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK Institute of Naval Medicine, Gosport, UK - - 2014
Patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) have pain during exercise that subsides with rest. Diagnosis is usually confirmed by intramuscular compartment pressure (IMCP) measurement. Controversy exists regarding the accuracy of existing diagnostic criteria. (1) To compare dynamic IMCP measurement and anthropometric factors between patients with CECS and asymptomatic controls ...
Metzger Jean-Claude - - 2014
Selecting and maintaining an engaging and challenging training difficulty level in robot-assistedstroke rehabilitation remains an open challenge. Despite the ability of robotic systems to provideobjective and accurate measures of function and performance, the selection and adaptation ofexercise difficulty levels is typically left to the experience of the supervising therapist. We ...
Linke Sarah E SE Department of Family & Preventive Medicine, University of California , San Diego, La Jolla, CA , USA - - 2014
Abstract Background: Epidemiological studies reveal that individuals who report risky substance use are generally less likely to meet physical activity guidelines (with the exception of certain population segments, such as adolescents and athletes). A growing body of evidence suggests that individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) are interested in exercising ...
Quinlivan Rosaline R MRC Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases and Dubowitz Neuromuscular Centre, UCL Institute of Neurology and National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery and Great Ormond Street, PO Box 114, London, UK, WC1B - - 2014
McArdle disease (Glycogen Storage Disease type V) is caused by an absence of muscle phosphorylase leading to exercise intolerance, myoglobinuria rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure. This is an update of a review first published in 2004. To review systematically the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of pharmacological or nutritional ...
Lamont L S LS Department of Kinesiology, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI - - - 2014
Graded exercise testing (GXT) is used in coronary artery disease (CAD) prevention and rehabilitation programs. In women, this test has a decreased accuracy and predictive value but there are few studies that examine the predictors of a verified positive test. The aim of this study was to determine those pretest ...
Wetke E E Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen (ISMC), Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, - - 2014
In published efficacy studies on Achilles tendinopathy (AT) exercise alone results in improvement in 60-90% of the cases. However, this high success rate cannot be expected in usual clinical practice. We prospectively investigated the effectiveness of a treatment regimen consisting of home-based exercises (concentric, eccentric, and stretching) and optional glucocorticosteroid ...
Salzwedel Annett A Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Charité (CBF), Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) seeks to simultaneously improve several outcome parameters related to patient risk factors, exercise capacity and subjective health. A single score, the multiple outcome criterion (MOC), comprised of alterations in 13 outcome variables was used to measure the overall success of CR in an older population. As this ...
Mishra Shiraz I SI Department of Pediatrics and Family and Community Medicine, University of New Mexico in - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise interventions on overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and its domains among cancer survivors who have completed primary treatment. 11 electronic databases were searched from inception (dates varied) to October 2011. The authors also identified eligible trials through a search of additional sources. 40 ...
Greenwood Sharlene A SA King's College Hospital, London, - - 2014
Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have elevated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Physical activity (PA) is a strong and independent CVD risk factor, and despite the fact that current clinical practice guidelines recommend simultaneous treatment of multiple risk factors for optimum management of CKD, PA is rarely addressed by ...
Bidonde Julia J Community Health & Epidemiology, University of Saskatchewan, 107 Wiggins Rd, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, S7N - - 2014
Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review examined the effects of supervised group aquatic training programs (led by an instructor). We defined aquatic training as exercising in a pool while standing at waist, chest, or shoulder depth. This review is part of the update of the ...
Ahmad Tariq T Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North - - 2014
Classification of chronic heart failure (HF) is on the basis of criteria that may not adequately capture disease heterogeneity. Improved phenotyping may help inform research and therapeutic strategies. This study used cluster analysis to explore clinical phenotypes in chronic HF patients. A cluster analysis was performed on 45 baseline clinical ...
Gommans Lindy N M LN Department of Vascular Surgery, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The - - 2014
Supervised exercise therapy (SET) is recommended as the primary treatment for patients with intermittent claudication (IC). However, there is concern regarding the safety of performing SET because IC patients are at risk for untoward cardiovascular events. The Dutch physical therapy guideline advocates cardiac exercise testing before SET, if indicated. Perceived ...
Zhang Yijie Y Department of Cardiology, Wuhan University, Renmin - - 2014
Background:QT hysteresis phenomenon exists in healthy subjects, and is more exaggerated in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and long QT syndrome. The purpose of this study was to establish an appropriate method to evaluate the magnitude of QT hysteresis, and assess the value of QT hysteresis index in the ...
Zhong Da-Ke DK Evidence-Based Medicine MOE Virtual Center, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, - - 2014
To review and assess the effect of single moxibustion for exercise-induced fatigue: (EIF). Computer-search for 8 medical databases and 5 clinical trail registries were conducted for: randomized controlled trials (RCTs), added with hand-search for 10 Chinese acupuncture-moxibustion journals and additional references. Data from included RCTs were pooled by RevMan5.1. Methodology ...
Antón D D D. Antón, Department of Computer Languages and Systems, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Pº Manuel Lardizabal, 1 Guipuzcoa, 20018 Donostia -San Sebastián, Spain, E-mail: - - 2014
Background: An aging population and people's higher survival to diseases and traumas that leave physical consequences are challenging aspects in the context of an efficient health management. This is why telerehabilitation systems are being developed, to allow monitoring and support of physiotherapy sessions at home, which could reduce healthcare costs ...
Alvarez Rocío R Neuroscience Area, Service of Neurology, University Hospital "Central de Asturias,", Oviedo, - - 2014
Activity-related headaches can be provoked by Valsalva maneuvers ("cough headache"), prolonged exercise ("exertional headache") and sexual excitation ("sexual headache"). These entities are a challenging diagnostic problem as can be primary or secondary and the etiologies for secondary cases differ depending on the headache type. In this paper we review the ...
Sullivan S L SL University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Highway, Werribee, Victoria, - - 2014
Furosemide is the most commonly used medication for exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH), however, critical evaluation of the strength of evidence for efficacy of furosemide is lacking and is warranted so that evidence based treatment decisions can be made. To evaluate the efficacy of furosemide to reduce the severity or frequency ...
Apostolopoulos Vasso V Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention & Management, College of Health & Biomedicine, Victoria University, PO Box 14428, Melbourne, Victoria 8001, - - 2014
Physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyles are believed to be independent risk factors for the occurrence of numerous diseases, including, obesity, Type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, cancer and mental health, all leading to substantial morbidity and/or premature death. It has been found that regular exercise, is associated with better ...
Sharp Kathryn K Department of Geriatric Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Academic centre, Llandough Hospital, Penarth, United Kingdom, CW64 2XX, Permanent adresss: Lily Farm, Garneddwen, Rhes-y-cae, Flintshire, CH8 8JS. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent studies suggest dance may be able to improve motor and non-motor disabilities in Parkinson's disease patients. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCT's) regarding the effectiveness of dance compared with no intervention and other exercise interventions was performed. Five trials were included and methodological quality and ...
Forman Daniel E DE Geriatric Cardiology Section, 3471 Fifth Avenue, Suite 500, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Many anticipate that the recent decision of the US Center for Medicare Services to expand cardiac rehabilitation (CR) reimbursement to include patients with systolic heart failure (HF) will lead to expanded application of exercise therapy for eligible HF patients. Nonetheless, US patterns of referral to and enrollment in CR for ...
Maiers Michele M , Northwestern Health Sciences University, Wolfe-Harris Center for Clinical Studies, Bloomington, MN, USA. - - 2014
Objective: To explore perceptions of spinal manipulative therapy and exercise among adults aged 65 years and older with chronic neck pain. Design: Mixed methods study embedded within a randomized clinical trial. Subjects/Patients: Interviews were conducted with 222 of 241 randomized clinical trial participants. They had a mean age of 72.2 ...
Cruz-Jentoft Alfonso J AJ Servicio de Geriatría, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Ctra. Colmenar km 9, 1, 28034 Madrid, - - 2014
to examine the clinical evidence reporting the prevalence of sarcopenia and the effect of nutrition and exercise interventions from studies using the consensus definition of sarcopenia proposed by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP). PubMed and Dialog databases were searched (January 2000-October 2013) using pre-defined search ...
Bündchen Daiana C DC Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, - - 2014
Background: Patients with heart failure (HF) usually develop exercise intolerance. In this context, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) can help to increase physical performance. Objective: To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of NIV on exercise tolerance in patients with HF. Method: Search Strategy: ...
Sawyer Abigail A Staff Nurse, Surgical Emergency Unit, John Radcliffe, Oxford University Hospitals NHS - - 2014
This literature review will investigate whether complementary exercise interventions can improve quality of life (QoL) for breast cancer patients at all stages of treatment, receiving a variety of cancer therapies. A systematic literature review of academic primary research will be conducted. All relevant evidence found will be analysed and appraised ...
Berger Alexander Arkin - - 2014
Post-partum weight retention contributes to the risk of chronic obesity and metabolic alterations. We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of post-partum nutrition and exercise interventions on weight loss and metabolic outcomes. Four electronic databases were searched from inception to January, 2012. Two investigators ...
Page Matthew J MJ School of Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, The Alfred Centre, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, - - 2014
Adhesive capsulitis (also termed frozen shoulder) is commonly treated by manual therapy and exercise, usually delivered together as components of a physical therapy intervention. This review is one of a series of reviews that form an update of the Cochrane review, 'Physiotherapy interventions for shoulder pain.' OBJECTIVES: To synthesise available ...
Tello-Montoliu Antonio A - - 2014
"Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained rhythm disturbance, increasing prevalence with age, in particular in patients with cardiovascular disease". On the other hand, "a subset of patients with AF" being <60 years" old and no evidence of underlying cardiovascular disease, and laboratory tests "including thyroid function, echocardiography and ...
Martins Nathalia Alonso NA University of - - 2014
Ankylosing spondylitis is a systemic rheumatic disease that affects the axial skeleton, causing inflammatory back pain, structural and functional changes which decrease quality of life. Several treatments for ankylosing spondylitis have been proposed and among them the use of exercise. The present study aims to synthesize information from the literature ...
McGrane N N Discipline of Physiotherapy, School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Trinity Centre for Health Sciences, Dublin, - - 2014
Incontestable epidemiological trends indicate that, for the foreseeable future, mortality and morbidity will be dominated by an escalation in chronic lifestyle-related diseases. International guidelines recommend the implementation of evidence-based approaches to bring about health behaviour changes. Motivational interventions to increase adherence and physical activity are not part of traditional physiotherapy ...
Lerner Ken K Decision and Information Sciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, - - 2014
Disasters of any kind attract significant attention from news media, and media play an important role in disaster response. In a US government program for hazardous materials preparedness, risk communication functions were incorporated into planning and are demonstrated during response exercises. To provide the best training and most realistic play, ...
- - 2014
If an employer considers an employee's exercise of FMLA rights or use of FMLA leave when making employment decisions, the employer may be liable for retaliation claims.
Papiotis Panos P Music Technology Group, Department of Information and Communication Technologies, Universitat Pompeu Fabra Barcelona, - - 2014
In a musical ensemble such as a string quartet, the musicians interact and influence each other's actions in several aspects of the performance simultaneously in order to achieve a common aesthetic goal. In this article, we present and evaluate a computational approach for measuring the degree to which these interactions ...
Sleddering Maria A MA Departments of General Internal Medicine and Endocrinology & Metabolism, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Very low calorie diets (VLCD) with and without exercise programs lead to major metabolic improvements in obese type 2 diabetes patients. The mechanisms underlying these improvements have so far not been elucidated fully. To further investigate the mechanisms of a VLCD with or without exercise and to uncover possible biomarkers ...
Deans Sarah - - 2012
Background: The UK will host the Paralympics in 2012 and the Commonwealth Games in 2014 showcasing the talents of elite athletes and aiming to inspire the population to become involved. However, low levels of physical activity are prevalent: only 40% of men and 28% of women meet the minimum UK ...
Bryan Stephanie - - 2012
Background Physical inactivity is a serious issue for the American public. Because of conditions that result from inactivity, individuals incur close to $1 trillion USD in health-care costs, and approximately 250 000 premature deaths occur per year. Researchers have linked engaging in yoga to improved overall fitness, including improved muscular ...
Baltgalvis Kristen A - - 2012
We tested the hypothesis that low-intensity exercise in mdx mice improves plantar flexor muscle contractile function, resistance to fatigue, and mitochondrial adaptations without exacerbating muscular dystrophy. We subjected mdx mice to 12 wk of voluntary low-resistance wheel running (Run, n = 17) or normal cage activities (sedentary (Sed), n = ...
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