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Lerner Ken K Decision and Information Sciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, - - 2014
Disasters of any kind attract significant attention from news media, and media play an important role in disaster response. In a US government program for hazardous materials preparedness, risk communication functions were incorporated into planning and are demonstrated during response exercises. To provide the best training and most realistic play, ...
Deans Sarah - - 2012
Background: The UK will host the Paralympics in 2012 and the Commonwealth Games in 2014 showcasing the talents of elite athletes and aiming to inspire the population to become involved. However, low levels of physical activity are prevalent: only 40% of men and 28% of women meet the minimum UK ...
Bryan Stephanie - - 2012
Background Physical inactivity is a serious issue for the American public. Because of conditions that result from inactivity, individuals incur close to $1 trillion USD in health-care costs, and approximately 250 000 premature deaths occur per year. Researchers have linked engaging in yoga to improved overall fitness, including improved muscular ...
Baltgalvis Kristen A - - 2012
We tested the hypothesis that low-intensity exercise in mdx mice improves plantar flexor muscle contractile function, resistance to fatigue, and mitochondrial adaptations without exacerbating muscular dystrophy. We subjected mdx mice to 12 wk of voluntary low-resistance wheel running (Run, n = 17) or normal cage activities (sedentary (Sed), n = ...
Clark Imogen N IN Faculty of Health Sciences, La Trobe Univeristy, Melbourne, Australia. - - 2012
To determine the effectiveness of music interventions in increasing physical activity in older adults. Searches until March 2011 were conducted through CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMED, AMED, PsychINFO, AUSPORT, PEDro, OTseeker, Expanded Academic ASAP, SPORTDiscus, and The Cochrane Library. Selection criteria included older adults, music interventions, physical activity outcomes, and quantitative ...
Jigami Hirofumi - - 2012
Most previous studies on the effects of therapeutic exercise on osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip joint included participants with knee OA or postoperative participants. Moreover, although some systematic reviews recommend therapeutic exercise for hip OA, a consensus on the effective interventional frequency has not been reached. This study aimed to ...
Wahl P - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to compare the acute hormonal response of angiogenic regulators to a short-term hypoxic exposure at different altitudes with and without exercise. 7 subjects participated in 5 experimental trials. 2 times subjects stayed in a sedentary position for 90 min at 2 000 m ...
Cardoso Andréia Machado - - 2012
In this study, we investigated the effect of 6 weeks of swimming training on the ecto-nucleotidase activities and platelet aggregation from rats that developed hypertension in response to oral administration of L: -NAME. The rats were divided into four groups: control (n = 10), exercise (n = 10), L: -NAME (n = 10), and exercise L: -NAME ...
Guzman Marco - - 2012
This case-control study aimed to investigate if there is any change on the spectral slope declination immediately after vocal function exercises (VFE) vs traditional vocal warm-up exercises in normal singers. Thirty-eight pop singers with perceptually normal voices were divided into two groups: an experimental group (n = 20) and a ...
Nytrøen K - - 2012
Heart transplant (HTx) recipients usually have reduced exercise capacity with reported VO(2peak) levels of 50-70% predicted value. Our hypothesis was that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is an applicable and safe form of exercise in HTx recipients and that it would markedly improve VO(2peak.) Secondarily, we wanted to evaluate central and ...
Boyce Melani J - - 2012
Objective:To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of an active exercise program for cervical dystonia.Design:Pilot randomized controlled, single-blind trial of a 12-week intervention followed by a four-week follow-up period.Setting:Supervised physiotherapy and outcome measurement sessions were conducted in a hospital outpatient physiotherapy setting. Participants also performed exercises at home.Subjects:Twenty participants with idiopathic ...
Niederer D - - 2012
The present study evaluated the effects of physical exercise on heart rate variability (HRV) in cancer patients. 3 matched groups of each 15 tumour patients (60.4±8.9 years, 27 male, 18 female) were recruited: Physical exercise group 1 (acute treatment), Physical exercise group 2 (post treatment) and non-intervention group (acute treatment, ...
Driller Matthew W - - 2012
Recent research has reported performance improvements following chronic NaHCO3 ingestion in conjunction with high-intensity interval training (HIT) in moderately-trained athletes. The purpose of the current study was to determine the effects of altering plasma H+ concentration during HIT through NaHCO3 ingestion over 4-weeks (2 HIT sessions per week) in 12 ...
Dubé Marie-Christine - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The effects of glargine/glulisine insulin regimen on exercise blood glucose (BG) and strategies to limit exercise-induced hypoglycemia are not well-documented. Intermittent high intensity exercise has been proposed to prevent hypoglycemia but its effect in participants with type 1 diabetes using glargine/glulisine is unknown. METHODS: The study used a repeated-measures ...
Ley Sebastian - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether careful exercise training improves pulmonary perfusion and blood flow in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH), as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MR). METHODS: Twenty patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension or inoperable chronic thromboembolic PH on stable medication were randomly assigned to control (n = 10) or training groups ...
Vatani Dariush Sheikholeslami - - 2012
The study's purpose was to examine the effects of whey protein supplementation and resistance training on antioxidant status and cardiovascular risk factors in overweight young men. Thirty healthy male subjects (age, 23.4±3.6 yr; body mass index, 25-30 kg/m(2)) were randomly divided into three groups of 10 persons including; Experimental group ...
Singh Devinder K A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify the effectiveness of virtual reality balance games (VRBG) to decrease risk and fear of falls among women. METHODS: Thirty six community dwelling women aged 56 and above were randomly divided into experimental (exercises using VRBG focus on improving balance) and control ...
Giandolini Marlène - - 2012
Running-related stress fractures have been associated with the overall impact intensity, which has recently been described through the loading rate (LR). Our purpose was to evaluate the effects of four acute interventions with specific focus on LR: wearing racing shoes (RACE), increasing step frequency by 10 % (FREQ), adopting a midfoot ...
Saunders Bryan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of the CCT(110%), a high-intensity cycling capacity test performed to exhaustion. DESIGN: 27 recreationally active participants (age 23±4y; height 1.79±0.06m; body mass 78.0±8.8kg; Powermax 306±49W) performed the CCT(110%) on two occasions. METHODS: Performance measures determined from the CCT(110%) were time to exhaustion (TTE) and total ...
Halliwill John - - 2012
A single bout of aerobic exercise produces a post-exercise hypotension associated with a sustained post-exercise vasodilation of the previously exercised muscle. Work over the last few years has determined key pathways for the obligatory components of post-exercise hypotension and sustained post-exercise vasodilation and points the way to possible benefits that ...
Vidoni Eric D ED Dept. of Neurology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, - - 2012
The benefits of exercise for aging have received considerable attention in both the popular and academic press. The putative benefits of exercise for maximizing cognitive function and supporting brain health have great potential for combating Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aerobic exercise offers a low-cost, low-risk intervention that is widely available and ...
Pickering Ruth M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is an extensive literature addressing compliance with medication, techniques to measure, and ways to improve it. In comparison the literature concerning adherence to exercise programmes agreed with a physiotherapist is limited. OBJECTIVE: We estimate the percentage of exercise repetitions completed of those agreed with a physiotherapist in the ...
Markil Nina - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The measurement of heart rate variability (HRV) is often applied as an index of autonomic nervous system (ANS) balance and, therefore, myocardial stability. Previous studies have suggested that relaxation or mind-body exercise can influence ANS balance positively as measured by HRV but may act via different mechanisms. No ...
O'Meagher Shamus S The University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2012
To assess if exercise capacity and resting stroke volume are different in tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair survivors with indexed RV (right ventricle) end-diastolic volume (RVEDVi) more versus less than 150 ml/m(2), a currently suggested threshold for pulmonary valve replacement (PVR). Cross-sectional study. Single-centre adult congenital heart disease unit. 55 ...
Lewis Beth A - - 2012
Research indicates that exercise is an efficacious intervention for depression among adults; however, little is known regarding its efficacy for preventing postpartum depression. The Healthy Mom study was a randomized controlled trial examining the efficacy of an exercise intervention for the prevention of postpartum depression. Specifically, postpartum women with a ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2012
Few studies have examined the predictors of adherence separately for supervised and unsupervised exercise or in postmenopausal women over an extended time period. Here, we report the predictors of exercise adherence in the Alberta Physical Activity and Breast Cancer Prevention (ALPHA) Trial. The ALPHA trial randomized 160 postmenopausal women in ...
Wise Elizabeth K - - 2012
Wise EK, Hoffman JM, Powell JM, Bombardier CH, Bell KR. Benefits of exercise maintenance after traumatic brain injury. To examine the effect of exercise intervention on exercise maintenance, depression, quality of life, and mental health at 6 months for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) with at least mild depression. ...
Chen Y M - - 2012
Objectives:  The purpose of this updated meta-analysis was to determine whether exercise training reversed left ventricular remodelling in heart failure patients. Methods:  Articles were searched in MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, EMBASE and PubMed (up until October, 2011). The anti-remodelling benefit of exercise training was assessed by ...
Ozer Kaya Derya - - 2012
To assess and compare the effects of 6 mo of Pilates and calisthenics on multijoint coordination and proprioception of the lower limbs at the 3rd and 6th mo of training. Randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded, repeated-measures. University research laboratory. Healthy, sedentary, female participants age 25-50 y were recruited and randomly divided into ...
Parfitt Gaynor - - 2012
Despite endorsement by various health organizations, there is a lack of research on the effectiveness of perceptually regulated exercise training (PRET) as a method of exercise intensity prescription. The purpose of this study was to confirm the efficacy of an 8-wk PRET program clamped at RPE13 to improve aerobic fitness ...
Ingham Stephen A - - 2012
Prior high-intensity exercise increases the oxidative energy contribution to subsequent exercise and may enhance exercise tolerance. The potential impact of a high-intensity warm-up on competitive performance, however, has not been investigated. PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that a high-intensity warm-up would speed VO2 kinetics and enhance 800-m running performance in ...
Shnayderman Ilana - - 2012
Objective:To assess the effect of aerobic walking training as compared to active training, which includes muscle strengthening, on functional abilities among patients with chronic low back pain.Design:Randomized controlled clinical trial with blind assessors.Setting:Outpatient clinic.Subjects:Fifty-two sedentary patients, aged 18-65 years with chronic low back pain. Patients who were post surgery, post ...
Slater Helen - - 2012
Objective.  Musculoskeletal pain has been associated with N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated mechanisms. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigated the effect of the NMDA receptor antagonist ketamine (25 mg sublingually) on modulating experimental muscle pain. Design.  Two groups (N = 11/group) of age- and sex-matched healthy subjects performed eccentric exercise using the nondominant arm wrist ...
Bryant Elizabeth - - 2012
Objective:To determine the effect of a six-week exercise intervention on gross motor function for non-ambulant children with cerebral palsy.Design:A parallel arm randomized controlled trial.Setting:Four special schools.Participants:Thirty-five children aged 8-17 with bilateral cerebral palsy; Gross Motor Function Classification System levels IV-V.Method:Participants were randomly allocated to a static bike group, a treadmill ...
Bailey Tom G - - 2012
PURPOSE: Repeated bouts of ischemia followed by reperfusion (i.e. ischemic preconditioning (IPC)), protect against damage after a myocardial infarction. Recent observational data indicate that IPC improves exercise performance. However, no previous study has examined potential underlying mechanisms for this effect of IPC. Therefore, we examined the potential of IPC to ...
Binnie Martyn J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This study compared the effect of sand and grass training surfaces during a sport-specific conditioning session in well-trained team sport athletes (n=10). Participants initially completed a preliminary testing session to gather baseline (BASE) performance data for vertical jump (VJ), repeated sprint ability (RSA) and 3 km running time trial ...
Gagnon D - - 2012
Prolonged exercise in the heat without fluid replacement represents a significant challenge to the regulation of mean arterial pressure (MAP). It is unknown, however, if MAP is equally challenged during the post-exercise period, and whether regular endurance exercise training can provide any benefit to its regulation. We examined MAP (Finometer) ...
Lee Hea-Young - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  (i) To assess the effectiveness of Tai Chi exercise in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). (ii) To ascertain if Tai Chi and auricular acupressure have a potentiation effect in controlling pain. (iii) To evaluate the acceptability and enjoyment of the classes. Background.  Tai Chi has been suggested ...
Kolber Morey J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Despite case reports implicating anterior instability (AI) as an etiological source of shoulder pain among weight-training (WT) participants, a paucity of case-controlled evidence exists to support this premise. The purpose of this study was to determine if WT participants have clinical characteristics of AI and hyperlaxity. Additionally, we investigated ...
Hajghanbari Bahareh - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review to determine if respiratory muscle training (RMT) improves sport performance, and respiratory muscle strength and endurance. Methodology followed the Cochrane Collaboration protocol. MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, PEDro, EMBASE, EBM reviews, and COCHRANE electronic databases were searched until July 2011. ...
Hausswirth Christophe - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of cool water immersion (20 °C; CWI) while wearing a cooling jacket (Cryovest;V) and a passive control (PAS) as recovery methods on physiological and thermoregulatory responses between 2 exercise bouts in temperate conditions. Nine well-trained male cyclists performed 2 successive bouts ...
Bennell Kim L - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent chronic musculoskeletal condition with no cure. Pain is the primary symptom and results from a complex interaction between structural changes, physical impairments and psychological factors. Much evidence supports the use of strengthening exercises to improve pain and physical function in this patient ...
Rogers Laura Q LQ Southern Illinois University (SIU) School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794-9636, USA. - - 2013
The goal of this pilot study was to determine the magnitude and direction of intervention effect sizes for inflammatory-related serum markers and relevant health outcomes among breast cancer survivors (BCSs) receiving a physical activity behavior change intervention compared with usual care. This randomized controlled trial enrolled 28 stage I, II, ...
Lin Hsiu-Ching - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a proposed strength and agility training program of adolescents with Down syndrome. Ninety-two adolescents were recruited and evenly randomized to two intervention groups (exercise group vs. control group). The mean age for the exercise and the control group was ...
Auais Mohammad - - 2012
BackgroundAlthough the principal goal of hip fracture management is a return to the pre-event functional level, most survivors fail to regain their former levels of autonomy. One of the most effective strategies to mitigate the fracture's consequences is therapeutic exercise. PURPOSE: /b>The purpose of this study was to review and ...
Schenkman Margaret - - 2012
Exercise confers short-term benefits for individuals with Parkinson disease (PD). The purpose of the study was to compare short- and long-term responses among 2 supervised exercise programs and a home-based control exercise program. The 16-month randomized controlled exercise intervention investigated 3 exercise approaches: flexibility/balance/function exercise (FBF), supervised aerobic exercise (AE), ...
Cook Christian J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Eccentric and over-speed training modalities are effective in improving components of muscular power. Eccentric training induces specific training adaptations relating to muscular force, whereas over-speed stimuli target the velocity component of power expression. We aimed to compare the effects of traditional or eccentric training with volume-matched training that incorporated ...
Tseng Ching-Yu - - 2012
ABSTRACT: It is generally thought that topical cooling can interfere with blood perfusion and may have positive effects on recovery from a traumatic challenge. This study examined the influence of topical cooling on muscle damage markers and hemodynamic changes during recovery from eccentric exercise. Eleven male subjects (age 20.2±0.3 years) ...
Simek Emily M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adherence to home exercise interventions for the prevention of falls in older adults relates to home exercise program characteristics and intervention efficacy. METHOD: In Australia (2011) a systematic literature search of four databases was conducted. Randomized controlled trials were included. Random-effects meta-analysis of participant adherence rates ...
Stafne Sn - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Stafne S, Salvesen K, Romundstad P, Torjusen I, Mørkved S. Does regular exercise including pelvic floor muscle training prevent urinary and anal incontinence during pregnancy? A randomised controlled trial. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03426.x. Objective  To assess whether pregnant women following a general exercise course, including ...
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