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Zhang Yijie Y Department of Cardiology, Wuhan University, Renmin - - 2014
Background:QT hysteresis phenomenon exists in healthy subjects, and is more exaggerated in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and long QT syndrome. The purpose of this study was to establish an appropriate method to evaluate the magnitude of QT hysteresis, and assess the value of QT hysteresis index in the ...
Zhong Da-Ke DK Evidence-Based Medicine MOE Virtual Center, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, - - 2014
To review and assess the effect of single moxibustion for exercise-induced fatigue: (EIF). Computer-search for 8 medical databases and 5 clinical trail registries were conducted for: randomized controlled trials (RCTs), added with hand-search for 10 Chinese acupuncture-moxibustion journals and additional references. Data from included RCTs were pooled by RevMan5.1. Methodology ...
Antón D D D. Antón, Department of Computer Languages and Systems, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Pº Manuel Lardizabal, 1 Guipuzcoa, 20018 Donostia -San Sebastián, Spain, E-mail: - - 2014
Background: An aging population and people's higher survival to diseases and traumas that leave physical consequences are challenging aspects in the context of an efficient health management. This is why telerehabilitation systems are being developed, to allow monitoring and support of physiotherapy sessions at home, which could reduce healthcare costs ...
Alvarez Rocío R Neuroscience Area, Service of Neurology, University Hospital "Central de Asturias,", Oviedo, - - 2014
Activity-related headaches can be provoked by Valsalva maneuvers ("cough headache"), prolonged exercise ("exertional headache") and sexual excitation ("sexual headache"). These entities are a challenging diagnostic problem as can be primary or secondary and the etiologies for secondary cases differ depending on the headache type. In this paper we review the ...
Sullivan S L SL University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Highway, Werribee, Victoria, - - 2014
Furosemide is the most commonly used medication for exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH), however, critical evaluation of the strength of evidence for efficacy of furosemide is lacking and is warranted so that evidence based treatment decisions can be made. To evaluate the efficacy of furosemide to reduce the severity or frequency ...
Sharp Kathryn K Department of Geriatric Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Academic centre, Llandough Hospital, Penarth, United Kingdom, CW64 2XX, Permanent adresss: Lily Farm, Garneddwen, Rhes-y-cae, Flintshire, CH8 8JS. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent studies suggest dance may be able to improve motor and non-motor disabilities in Parkinson's disease patients. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCT's) regarding the effectiveness of dance compared with no intervention and other exercise interventions was performed. Five trials were included and methodological quality and ...
Maiers Michele M , Northwestern Health Sciences University, Wolfe-Harris Center for Clinical Studies, Bloomington, MN, USA. - - 2014
Objective: To explore perceptions of spinal manipulative therapy and exercise among adults aged 65 years and older with chronic neck pain. Design: Mixed methods study embedded within a randomized clinical trial. Subjects/Patients: Interviews were conducted with 222 of 241 randomized clinical trial participants. They had a mean age of 72.2 ...
Cruz-Jentoft Alfonso J AJ Servicio de Geriatría, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Ctra. Colmenar km 9, 1, 28034 Madrid, - - 2014
to examine the clinical evidence reporting the prevalence of sarcopenia and the effect of nutrition and exercise interventions from studies using the consensus definition of sarcopenia proposed by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP). PubMed and Dialog databases were searched (January 2000-October 2013) using pre-defined search ...
Bündchen Daiana C DC Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, - - 2014
Background: Patients with heart failure (HF) usually develop exercise intolerance. In this context, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) can help to increase physical performance. Objective: To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of NIV on exercise tolerance in patients with HF. Method: Search Strategy: ...
Sawyer Abigail A Staff Nurse, Surgical Emergency Unit, John Radcliffe, Oxford University Hospitals NHS - - 2014
This literature review will investigate whether complementary exercise interventions can improve quality of life (QoL) for breast cancer patients at all stages of treatment, receiving a variety of cancer therapies. A systematic literature review of academic primary research will be conducted. All relevant evidence found will be analysed and appraised ...
Berger Alexander Arkin - - 2014
Post-partum weight retention contributes to the risk of chronic obesity and metabolic alterations. We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of post-partum nutrition and exercise interventions on weight loss and metabolic outcomes. Four electronic databases were searched from inception to January, 2012. Two investigators ...
Page Matthew J MJ School of Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, The Alfred Centre, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, - - 2014
Adhesive capsulitis (also termed frozen shoulder) is commonly treated by manual therapy and exercise, usually delivered together as components of a physical therapy intervention. This review is one of a series of reviews that form an update of the Cochrane review, 'Physiotherapy interventions for shoulder pain.' OBJECTIVES: To synthesise available ...
Tello-Montoliu Antonio A - - 2014
"Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained rhythm disturbance, increasing prevalence with age, in particular in patients with cardiovascular disease". On the other hand, "a subset of patients with AF" being <60 years" old and no evidence of underlying cardiovascular disease, and laboratory tests "including thyroid function, echocardiography and ...
McGrane N N Discipline of Physiotherapy, School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Trinity Centre for Health Sciences, Dublin, - - 2014
Incontestable epidemiological trends indicate that, for the foreseeable future, mortality and morbidity will be dominated by an escalation in chronic lifestyle-related diseases. International guidelines recommend the implementation of evidence-based approaches to bring about health behaviour changes. Motivational interventions to increase adherence and physical activity are not part of traditional physiotherapy ...
Lerner Ken K Decision and Information Sciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, - - 2014
Disasters of any kind attract significant attention from news media, and media play an important role in disaster response. In a US government program for hazardous materials preparedness, risk communication functions were incorporated into planning and are demonstrated during response exercises. To provide the best training and most realistic play, ...
- - 2014
If an employer considers an employee's exercise of FMLA rights or use of FMLA leave when making employment decisions, the employer may be liable for retaliation claims.
Papiotis Panos P Music Technology Group, Department of Information and Communication Technologies, Universitat Pompeu Fabra Barcelona, - - 2014
In a musical ensemble such as a string quartet, the musicians interact and influence each other's actions in several aspects of the performance simultaneously in order to achieve a common aesthetic goal. In this article, we present and evaluate a computational approach for measuring the degree to which these interactions ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0107706.].
Deans Sarah - - 2012
Background: The UK will host the Paralympics in 2012 and the Commonwealth Games in 2014 showcasing the talents of elite athletes and aiming to inspire the population to become involved. However, low levels of physical activity are prevalent: only 40% of men and 28% of women meet the minimum UK ...
Bryan Stephanie - - 2012
Background Physical inactivity is a serious issue for the American public. Because of conditions that result from inactivity, individuals incur close to $1 trillion USD in health-care costs, and approximately 250 000 premature deaths occur per year. Researchers have linked engaging in yoga to improved overall fitness, including improved muscular ...
Baltgalvis Kristen A - - 2012
We tested the hypothesis that low-intensity exercise in mdx mice improves plantar flexor muscle contractile function, resistance to fatigue, and mitochondrial adaptations without exacerbating muscular dystrophy. We subjected mdx mice to 12 wk of voluntary low-resistance wheel running (Run, n = 17) or normal cage activities (sedentary (Sed), n = ...
Clark Imogen N IN Faculty of Health Sciences, La Trobe Univeristy, Melbourne, Australia. - - 2012
To determine the effectiveness of music interventions in increasing physical activity in older adults. Searches until March 2011 were conducted through CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMED, AMED, PsychINFO, AUSPORT, PEDro, OTseeker, Expanded Academic ASAP, SPORTDiscus, and The Cochrane Library. Selection criteria included older adults, music interventions, physical activity outcomes, and quantitative ...
Jigami Hirofumi - - 2012
Most previous studies on the effects of therapeutic exercise on osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip joint included participants with knee OA or postoperative participants. Moreover, although some systematic reviews recommend therapeutic exercise for hip OA, a consensus on the effective interventional frequency has not been reached. This study aimed to ...
Wahl P - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to compare the acute hormonal response of angiogenic regulators to a short-term hypoxic exposure at different altitudes with and without exercise. 7 subjects participated in 5 experimental trials. 2 times subjects stayed in a sedentary position for 90 min at 2 000 m ...
Cardoso Andréia Machado - - 2012
In this study, we investigated the effect of 6 weeks of swimming training on the ecto-nucleotidase activities and platelet aggregation from rats that developed hypertension in response to oral administration of L: -NAME. The rats were divided into four groups: control (n = 10), exercise (n = 10), L: -NAME (n = 10), and exercise L: -NAME ...
Guzman Marco - - 2012
This case-control study aimed to investigate if there is any change on the spectral slope declination immediately after vocal function exercises (VFE) vs traditional vocal warm-up exercises in normal singers. Thirty-eight pop singers with perceptually normal voices were divided into two groups: an experimental group (n = 20) and a ...
Nytrøen K - - 2012
Heart transplant (HTx) recipients usually have reduced exercise capacity with reported VO(2peak) levels of 50-70% predicted value. Our hypothesis was that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is an applicable and safe form of exercise in HTx recipients and that it would markedly improve VO(2peak.) Secondarily, we wanted to evaluate central and ...
Boyce Melani J - - 2012
Objective:To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of an active exercise program for cervical dystonia.Design:Pilot randomized controlled, single-blind trial of a 12-week intervention followed by a four-week follow-up period.Setting:Supervised physiotherapy and outcome measurement sessions were conducted in a hospital outpatient physiotherapy setting. Participants also performed exercises at home.Subjects:Twenty participants with idiopathic ...
Niederer D - - 2012
The present study evaluated the effects of physical exercise on heart rate variability (HRV) in cancer patients. 3 matched groups of each 15 tumour patients (60.4±8.9 years, 27 male, 18 female) were recruited: Physical exercise group 1 (acute treatment), Physical exercise group 2 (post treatment) and non-intervention group (acute treatment, ...
Driller Matthew W - - 2012
Recent research has reported performance improvements following chronic NaHCO3 ingestion in conjunction with high-intensity interval training (HIT) in moderately-trained athletes. The purpose of the current study was to determine the effects of altering plasma H+ concentration during HIT through NaHCO3 ingestion over 4-weeks (2 HIT sessions per week) in 12 ...
Dubé Marie-Christine - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The effects of glargine/glulisine insulin regimen on exercise blood glucose (BG) and strategies to limit exercise-induced hypoglycemia are not well-documented. Intermittent high intensity exercise has been proposed to prevent hypoglycemia but its effect in participants with type 1 diabetes using glargine/glulisine is unknown. METHODS: The study used a repeated-measures ...
Ley Sebastian - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether careful exercise training improves pulmonary perfusion and blood flow in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH), as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MR). METHODS: Twenty patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension or inoperable chronic thromboembolic PH on stable medication were randomly assigned to control (n = 10) or training groups ...
Vatani Dariush Sheikholeslami - - 2012
The study's purpose was to examine the effects of whey protein supplementation and resistance training on antioxidant status and cardiovascular risk factors in overweight young men. Thirty healthy male subjects (age, 23.4±3.6 yr; body mass index, 25-30 kg/m(2)) were randomly divided into three groups of 10 persons including; Experimental group ...
Singh Devinder K A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify the effectiveness of virtual reality balance games (VRBG) to decrease risk and fear of falls among women. METHODS: Thirty six community dwelling women aged 56 and above were randomly divided into experimental (exercises using VRBG focus on improving balance) and control ...
Giandolini Marlène - - 2012
Running-related stress fractures have been associated with the overall impact intensity, which has recently been described through the loading rate (LR). Our purpose was to evaluate the effects of four acute interventions with specific focus on LR: wearing racing shoes (RACE), increasing step frequency by 10 % (FREQ), adopting a midfoot ...
Saunders Bryan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of the CCT(110%), a high-intensity cycling capacity test performed to exhaustion. DESIGN: 27 recreationally active participants (age 23±4y; height 1.79±0.06m; body mass 78.0±8.8kg; Powermax 306±49W) performed the CCT(110%) on two occasions. METHODS: Performance measures determined from the CCT(110%) were time to exhaustion (TTE) and total ...
Halliwill John - - 2012
A single bout of aerobic exercise produces a post-exercise hypotension associated with a sustained post-exercise vasodilation of the previously exercised muscle. Work over the last few years has determined key pathways for the obligatory components of post-exercise hypotension and sustained post-exercise vasodilation and points the way to possible benefits that ...
Vidoni Eric D ED Dept. of Neurology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, - - 2012
The benefits of exercise for aging have received considerable attention in both the popular and academic press. The putative benefits of exercise for maximizing cognitive function and supporting brain health have great potential for combating Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aerobic exercise offers a low-cost, low-risk intervention that is widely available and ...
Pickering Ruth M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is an extensive literature addressing compliance with medication, techniques to measure, and ways to improve it. In comparison the literature concerning adherence to exercise programmes agreed with a physiotherapist is limited. OBJECTIVE: We estimate the percentage of exercise repetitions completed of those agreed with a physiotherapist in the ...
Markil Nina - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The measurement of heart rate variability (HRV) is often applied as an index of autonomic nervous system (ANS) balance and, therefore, myocardial stability. Previous studies have suggested that relaxation or mind-body exercise can influence ANS balance positively as measured by HRV but may act via different mechanisms. No ...
O'Meagher Shamus S The University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2012
To assess if exercise capacity and resting stroke volume are different in tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair survivors with indexed RV (right ventricle) end-diastolic volume (RVEDVi) more versus less than 150 ml/m(2), a currently suggested threshold for pulmonary valve replacement (PVR). Cross-sectional study. Single-centre adult congenital heart disease unit. 55 ...
Lewis Beth A - - 2012
Research indicates that exercise is an efficacious intervention for depression among adults; however, little is known regarding its efficacy for preventing postpartum depression. The Healthy Mom study was a randomized controlled trial examining the efficacy of an exercise intervention for the prevention of postpartum depression. Specifically, postpartum women with a ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2012
Few studies have examined the predictors of adherence separately for supervised and unsupervised exercise or in postmenopausal women over an extended time period. Here, we report the predictors of exercise adherence in the Alberta Physical Activity and Breast Cancer Prevention (ALPHA) Trial. The ALPHA trial randomized 160 postmenopausal women in ...
Wise Elizabeth K - - 2012
Wise EK, Hoffman JM, Powell JM, Bombardier CH, Bell KR. Benefits of exercise maintenance after traumatic brain injury. To examine the effect of exercise intervention on exercise maintenance, depression, quality of life, and mental health at 6 months for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) with at least mild depression. ...
Chen Y M - - 2012
Objectives:  The purpose of this updated meta-analysis was to determine whether exercise training reversed left ventricular remodelling in heart failure patients. Methods:  Articles were searched in MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, EMBASE and PubMed (up until October, 2011). The anti-remodelling benefit of exercise training was assessed by ...
Ozer Kaya Derya - - 2012
To assess and compare the effects of 6 mo of Pilates and calisthenics on multijoint coordination and proprioception of the lower limbs at the 3rd and 6th mo of training. Randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded, repeated-measures. University research laboratory. Healthy, sedentary, female participants age 25-50 y were recruited and randomly divided into ...
Parfitt Gaynor - - 2012
Despite endorsement by various health organizations, there is a lack of research on the effectiveness of perceptually regulated exercise training (PRET) as a method of exercise intensity prescription. The purpose of this study was to confirm the efficacy of an 8-wk PRET program clamped at RPE13 to improve aerobic fitness ...
Ingham Stephen A - - 2012
Prior high-intensity exercise increases the oxidative energy contribution to subsequent exercise and may enhance exercise tolerance. The potential impact of a high-intensity warm-up on competitive performance, however, has not been investigated. PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that a high-intensity warm-up would speed VO2 kinetics and enhance 800-m running performance in ...
Shnayderman Ilana - - 2012
Objective:To assess the effect of aerobic walking training as compared to active training, which includes muscle strengthening, on functional abilities among patients with chronic low back pain.Design:Randomized controlled clinical trial with blind assessors.Setting:Outpatient clinic.Subjects:Fifty-two sedentary patients, aged 18-65 years with chronic low back pain. Patients who were post surgery, post ...
Slater Helen - - 2012
Objective.  Musculoskeletal pain has been associated with N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated mechanisms. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigated the effect of the NMDA receptor antagonist ketamine (25 mg sublingually) on modulating experimental muscle pain. Design.  Two groups (N = 11/group) of age- and sex-matched healthy subjects performed eccentric exercise using the nondominant arm wrist ...
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