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Results 401 - 450 of 1377
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Bloomer Richard J - - 2010
AIMS: We have previously found no effect of moderate-volume aerobic exercise training (approximately 3 hrs*wk(-1)) on postprandial oxidative stress. It is possible that a higher volume of exercise is needed to impact postprandial oxidative stress in young, otherwise healthy individuals. Our purpose was to compare blood triglycerides (TAGs) and oxidative ...
Lee Richard - - 2010
Despite several decades of active research, the success of large-scale clinical trials involving antioxidants remains equivocal given the complex biological interactions of reactive oxygen/nitrogen species in human health. Herein, we outline a differential metabolomics strategy by capillary electrophoresis-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (CE-ESI-MS) to assess the efficacy of nutritional intervention to attenuate ...
Coelho Bárbara L P - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Reactive oxygen species play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Physical exercise was suggested as a useful approach to diminish impaired oxidative defense mechanisms. This study sought to observe the effects of physical training before the induction of renal lesions on oxidative stress parameters ...
Zembron-Lacny A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to follow up whether the modification of pro-antioxidant status by 8-day oral application of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in healthy men affects the haematological response, whether there is a direct relationship between antioxidant defences and erythropoietin (EPO) secretion and whether NAC intake enhances exercise performance. Fifteen ...
Parisi A - - 2010
Rhodiola Rosea, is an adaptogen plant which has been reported to promote fatty acids utilisation, to ameliorate antioxidant function, and to improve body resistance to physical strenuous efforts. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects on physical performance as well as on the redox status of ...
Muñoz Marín D - - 2010
Traditionally, physical activity has been associated with beneficial effects on the organism. However, exercise has been shown to increase the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to a point that can exceed antioxidant defences, causing oxidative stress. Characteristics of exercise such as the intensity or duration seem to be associated ...
Silva Ana Paula Pereira da AP Instituto Estadual de Cardiologia Aloysio de Castro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2010
The development of critical patient-related generalized weakness is a common complication in patients admitted to an intensive care unit. The reduced muscle strength increases the time for weaning, hospitalization, the risk of infections and consequent mortality. Physiotherapy is used in these patients as a resource for the prevention of muscle ...
Woo J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to assess the effects of a low-intensity exercise training which is not risky for children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) on the antioxidant enzyme activities and oxidative stresses compared with healthy controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 10 boys with T1DM (11.21 ...
Hamurcu Zuhal - - 2010
The objective of the current study is to determine the effects of regular wrestling exercise oxidative DNA damage and antioxidant parameters. The findings of the current study have shown that 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) obtained from wrestlers in basal status were significantly lower than those of sedentary (p = .001). In contrast, ...
Xu Xiaohua - - 2010
Our aim was to characterize the changes in messenger RNA (mRNA) abundance, protein, and activity levels of the enzymatic antioxidants, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase, and catalase by exercise training combined with L-arginine after myocardial infarction (MI). L-Arginine (1 g x kg(-1) x d(-1)) and N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; 10 ...
Pasquini A - - 2010
Exercise has been shown to increase the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to a point that can exceed antioxidant defenses, to cause oxidative stress. The aim of our trials was to evaluate oxidative stress and recovery times in trained dogs during two different hunting exercises, with reactive oxygen metabolites-derivatives ...
Miller Elzbieta - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence that multiple sclerosis (MS) is not only characterized by immune mediated inflammatory reactions but also by neurodegenerative processes. Neutralization of oxidative stress and excitotoxicity, might represent a therapeutic approach to provide neuroprotection in MS. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in total antioxidative ...
Powers Scott K SK Dept. of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, - - 2010
Research interest in the effects of antioxidants on exercise-induced oxidative stress and human performance continues to grow as new scientists enter this field. Consequently, there is a need to establish an acceptable set of criteria for monitoring antioxidant capacity and oxidative damage in tissues. Numerous reports have described a wide ...
Sahlin Kent - - 2010
Exercise-induced oxidative stress is important for the muscular adaptation to training but may also cause muscle damage. We hypothesized that prolonged exercise would increase mitochondrial production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) measured in vitro and that this correlates with oxidative damage. Eight male athletes (24-32 yr) performed ultraendurance exercise (kayaking/running/cycling) ...
Kalafati Maria - - 2010
PURPOSE: Spirulina is a popular nutritional supplement that is accompanied by claiMSS for antioxidant and performance-enhancing effects. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine the effect of spirulina supplementation on (i) exercise performance, (ii) substrate metabolism, and (iii) blood redox status both at rest and after exercise. ...
Zembron-Lacny A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the levels of the plasma muscle-derived cytokines (myokines) and reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) after muscle damage triggered by different exercises, and to demonstrate the relationships between RONS, thiol redox status and myokines. Sixteen young men participated in a 90-min run ...
Leelarungrayub Donrawee - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Vernonia cinerea Less. (VC) supplementation and exercise on oxidative stress biomarkers, beta-endorphin release, and the rate of cigarette smoking. Volunteer smokers were randomly divided into four groups: group 1: VC supplement; group 2: exercise with VC supplement; group 3: ...
Chen Steve - - 2010
Human exercise capacity declines with advancing age. These changes often result in loss of physical fitness and more rapid senescence. Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in improvement of exercise capacity through vascular smooth muscle relaxation in both coronary and skeletal muscle arteries, as well as via independent mechanisms. Antioxidants ...
Falone S - - 2010
Despite the demonstrated exercise-induced increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, growing epidemiological evidence indicates that habitual, moderate physical activity reduces the incidence of several oxidative stress-based diseases. This apparent paradox can be explained taking into account that ROS produced during repeated exercise bouts may act as mild stressors able ...
Arent Shawn M - - 2010
Muscle soreness and decreased performance often follow a bout of high-intensity exercise. By reducing these effects, an athlete can train more frequently and increase long-term performance. The purpose of this study is to examine whether a high-potency, black tea extract (BTE) alters the delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), oxidative stress, ...
Benkhai Hicham - - 2010
Although regular exercise is known to promote health, it is also well known that competetive sports can lead to an increase of free radical production, and thus to a drop in antioxidative potential. Thus, the present study examined the effect of competetive sports on the antioxidative potential (AOP). Using chemoluminescence, ...
Ji Li Li - - 2010
Hormesis plays a critical role in producing some major benefits derived from physical exercise. However whether these known cellular mechanisms are applicable to ameliorate age-related deterioration of muscle function is not entirely clear. The present communication proposes that antioxidant adaptation, the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator (PGC)-1alpha activated mitochondrial biogenesis, ...
Bloomer Richard J - - 2010
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of a dietary supplement (Ambrotose AO®) on resting and exercise-induced blood antioxidant capacity and oxidative stress in exercise-trained and untrained men and women. 25 individuals (7 trained and 5 untrained men; 7 trained and 6 untrained women) received Ambrotose AO® ...
Bloomer Richard J RJ Department of Health and Sport Sciences, The University of Memphis, Memphis TN 38152, USA. - - 2010
We have recently noted a decrease in lipid peroxidation with oral intake of glycine propionyl-L-carnitine (GPLC). However, these findings were observed at rest, and in previously sedentary subjects. We determined the effect of GPLC on oxidative stress biomarkers at rest and in response to reactive hyperemia in exercise-trained men. Using ...
Plunkett Brendan A - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of dietary antioxidant restriction on plasma concentrations of carotenoids and inflammatory markers at rest and in response to exercise in endurance-trained males. Seventeen males performed two exercise trials 2 weeks apart. Participants followed their habitual antioxidant diet (H-AO) before ...
Ghosh Subrata - - 2009
Strenous physical exercise like professional load bearing often produces oxidative stress, increasing post exercise Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. To quantify the cellular dimension/profile of the said stress, nanoscopic observation of the erythrocyte surface was made by Atomic Forced Microscopy (AFM)/Lateral Forced Microscopy (LFM) and correspondingly the average roughness of the surface ...
Kilany Yasser Fouad - - 2009
The multifactor outcome of hypoandrogenemia with the impact of oxidative stress induced by glucose intolerance, fascioliasis with or without schistosomiasis and cumulative smoking influence on bone remodeling and the early development of osteoporotic manifestations were studied. The effect on vascular endothelium immune mediated mechanisms and antioxidant capacity were monitored in ...
Littarru Gian Paolo - - 2010
The fundamental role of coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) in mitochondrial bioenergetics and its well-acknowledged antioxidant properties constitute the basis for its clinical applications, although some of its effects may be related to a gene induction mechanism. Cardiovascular disease is still the main field of study and the latest findings confirm a ...
Sun Lijuan - - 2010
Endurance exercise causes fatigue due to mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress. In order to find an effective strategy to prevent fatigue or enhance recovery, the effects of a combination of mitochondrial targeting nutrients on physical activity, mitochondrial function and oxidative stress in exercised rats were studied. Rats were subjected to ...
Toumpanakis Dimitrios - - 2009
We studied in 10 healthy subjects the effect of chronic enteral supplementation of antioxidants (vitamins E, C, A, allopurinol, and N-acetylcysteine) on cytokine production by monocytes at rest, end exercise (60-min cycling at 60% of maximum oxygen consumption), and 60 min post-exercise (recovery). The percentage and the mean fluorescent intensity ...
Zembron-Lacny Agnieszka - - 2009
The aim of the study was to compare effects of three-day N-acetylcysteine, alpha-lipoic acid or taurine administration on plasma antioxidant status and oxidative damage markers in healthy men after performing muscle-damaging exercise. Fifty-five healthy and trained men were randomly assigned to N-acetylcysteine (NAC, 1.8 g/day, 3 days), alpha-lipoic acid (ALA, ...
Muñoz Maria E - - 2010
The efficacy of long-term intake of a novel functional food supplement Funciona™ containing vitamins and juiced fruits was evaluated in order to assess the net effect of physical activity and antioxidant potentials in healthy older adult population. The long-term (2 years) and large-scale (400 older adult subjects) interventional study was ...
Delbin Maria Andréia - - 2009
Advances in new technologies associated with improvement of knowledge in medicine have promoted important development in therapeutic and preventive approaches in an attempt to diminish complications following cardiothoracic process involving ischemia/ reperfusion (IR). Nevertheless, postoperative pulmonary injuries remain high and are considered one of the most frequent complications after cardiothoracic ...
Larcombe S D - - 2010
After intense physical activity animals generally experience a rise in metabolic rate, which is associated with a proliferation of pro-oxidants. If unchecked, these pro-oxidants can cause damage to DNA and peroxidation of lipids in cell walls. Two factors are thought to ameliorate post-exercise oxidative damage, at least in mammals: dietary ...
Wagner Karl-Heinz - - 2010
Also physical exercise in general is accepted to be protective, acute and strenuous exercise has been shown to induce oxidative stress. Enhanced formation of free radicals leads to oxidation of macromolecules and to DNA damage. On the other hand ultra-endurance events which require strenuous exercise are very popular and the ...
Teixeira Vitor H - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effects of 4 wk of antioxidants (AOX) supplementation on exercise-induced lipid peroxidation, muscle damage, and inflammation in kayakers. METHODS: Subjects (n = 20) were randomly assigned to receive a placebo (PLA) or an AOX capsule (AOX; 272 mg of alpha-tocopherol, 400 mg of ...
Kingsley Michael - - 2009
Many degenerative diseases are associated with increased oxidative stress. Creatine has the potential to act as an indirect and direct antioxidant; however, limited data exist to evaluate the antioxidant capabilities of creatine supplementation within in-vivo human systems. This study aimed to investigate the effects of oral creatine supplementation on markers ...
Malaguti Marco - - 2009
Sulforaphane (SF), one of the most important isothiocyanates in the human diet, present in cruciferous vegetables, is known to have chemopreventive activities in different tissues. No data are available on its effects in the prevention of skeletal muscle damage. In this study, we investigated the potential protective effects of SF ...
Nikolaidis Michalis G - - 2009
The exact origin of reactive species and oxidative damage detected in blood is largely unknown. Blood interacts with all organs and tissues and, consequently, with many possible sources of reactive species. In addition, a multitude of oxidizable substrates are already in blood. A muscle-centric approach is frequently adopted to explain ...
Rosa Eloi F - - 2009
Intense and exhaustive exercise (IEE) is associated with oxidative stress in skeletal muscle, and we recently reported that intestine is sensitive to IEE. In the present study, we investigated the possible relationship between the effects of IEE on morphology and oxidative markers in the ileum and isolated mitochondria. C57BL/6 mice ...
Falone S - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is known to increase as a result of muscular contractile activity and this phenomenon may perturb the fine-controlled cellular redox homeostasis within cells and tissues. We studied the possible correlations between individual aerobic performance-related factors and the oxidative stress markers profile in the serum of ...
Menegali Bruno T - - 2009
Studies have shown that the oxidative power of cigarettes is related to the pathogenesis of several pulmonary diseases and that regular physical exercise contributes significantly to reducing the deleterious effects of cigarettes. The objective of the present study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of physical exercise on histological and ...
Cureton Kirk J - - 2009
Quercetin supplementation increases muscle oxidative capacity and endurance in mice, but its ergogenic effect in humans has not been established. Our study investigates the effects of short-duration chronic quercetin supplementation on muscle oxidative capacity; metabolic, perceptual, and neuromuscular determinants of performance in prolonged exercise; and cycling performance in untrained men. ...
Mergener Michelle - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Free radicals may damage lipids, proteins and DNA, which may lead to critical diseases in the aging. This work evaluated levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and DNA damage by comet assay (SCGE) in older adults that do exercises regularly. DESIGN AND METHODS: 110 females, aged 66.3+/-8 years ...
Lamprecht Manfred - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of an encapsulated antioxidant concentrate (EAC) and exercise on lipid peroxidation (LIPOX) and the plasma antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase (Pl-GPx). METHODS: Eight trained male cyclists (VO2max > 55 ml x kg(-1) x min(-1)) participated in this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, crossover study and undertook 4 cycle-ergometer ...
Kyparos Antonios - - 2009
High-intensity exercise is associated with increased oxidative stress. Rowing is very demanding requiring maintenance of high power mostly produced from aerobic metabolism. The present study aimed at investigating selective blood oxidative stress markers in response to a rowing race simulation test, consisting of 2,000 m maximal effort on a rowing ...
Kinnunen Susanna - - 2009
Several micronutrient supplementation strategies are used to cope with oxidative stress, although their benefits have recently been questioned. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of DL-alpha-lipoic acid (LA) in response to acute exercise and during recovery in horses. Six standardbred trotters were tested on the ...
Sureda Antoni - - 2009
Seventeen volunteer male professional cyclists were randomly assigned to control or supplemented (6 g L-citrulline-malate) groups and participated in a cycling stage. Blood samples were taken in basal conditions, after the race and 3 h post-race. Citrulline supplementation significantly increased plasma concentration of both arginine and citrulline after the stage ...
Zembron-Lacny A - - 2010
The present study was designed to evaluate the plasma markers of reactive oxygen species (ROS) activity and cytokines, and their relationship with thiol redox status of basketball players during training. Sixteen professional players of the Polish Basketball Extraleague participated in the study. The study was performed during the preparatory period ...
Zembron-Lacny A - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare the indices of glutathione antioxidant system and oxidative damage level in resistance trained and untrained subjects and to assess the antioxidant action of alpha-lipoic acid in trained men exposed to muscle-damaging exercise. Thirteen trained and twenty untrained men (NT) participated in the ...
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