Search Results
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Chee Kit - - 2011
Upper limb paresis after stroke greatly affects the performance of Activities of Daily Living (ADL). Unfortunately, rehabilitation for upper limb impairment can have poor results. The current robot-assisted devices are expensive and not readily accessible for homecare. This paper presents the development of a low-cost tabletop robotic device for upper ...
Erdogan A - - 2011
This paper presents design, implementation and control of a 3RPS-R exoskeleton, specifically built to impose targeted therapeutic exercises to forearm and wrist. Design of the exoskeleton features enhanced ergonomy, enlarged workspace and optimized device performance when compared to previous versions of the device. Passive velocity field control (PVFC) is implemented ...
Kim Chul - - 2011
To investigate the effect of self exercise in cardiac rehabilitation on cardiopulmonary exercise capacity for selected patients with coronary artery disease. The subjects of this study were patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and who participated in a cardiac rehabilitation program. The ...
Tierney Stephanie - - 2011
Objectives: Keeping physically active has been shown to bring positive outcomes for patients diagnosed with heart failure (HF). However, a number of individuals with this health problem do not undertake regular exercise. A review of extant qualitative research was conducted to explore what it can tell us about barriers and ...
Yasuda Yoshifumi - - 2011
The effect of exercise on the increase of exhaled CO in smokers compared to non-smokers has not been clarified yet. In this study we compared the dynamics of exhaled CO before, during and after exercise between smokers and non-smokers. A group of 8 smokers and a group of 8 non-smokers ...
Temesi John - - 2011
This study was a systematic review with meta-analysis examining the efficacy of carbohydrate (CHO) ingestion compared with placebo (PLA) on endurance exercise performance in adults. Relevant databases were searched to January 2011. Included studies were PLA-controlled, randomized, crossover designs in which CHO ingestion not exceeding 8% and between 30 and ...
Kabasakalis Athanasios - - 2011
Kabasakalis, A, Kyparos, A, Tsalis, G, Loupos, D, Pavlidou, A, and Kouretas, D. Blood oxidative stress markers after ultramarathon swimming. J Strength Cond Res 25(3): 805-811, 2011-Data on redox balance in response to marathon swimming are lacking, whereas findings from studies using other types of ultraendurance exercise are controversial. The ...
Phrompaet Sureeporn - - 2011
This study was performed to assess and compare the effects of Pilates exercise on flexibility and lumbo-pelvic movement control between the Pilates training and control groups. A randomized single-blinded controlled design was utilized in the study. Forty healthy male and female volunteers (mean age 31.65±6.21 years) were randomly divided into ...
Chen Ming-De - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: One of the major consequences after stroke is the deterioration in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Three previous systematic reviews indicated that exercise has limited to no effect in improving HRQOL in stroke survivors. The objective of this meta-analysis was to update the evidence on exercise and ...
Sihawong Rattaporn - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of various types of exercise for prevention and cure of nonspecific neck pain in office workers. Publications between 1980 and April 2010 were systematically searched in various databases (PubMed, CINAHL Plus with full text, The Cochrane Library, Science Direct, PEDro, ...
Fogarty Mark C - - 2011
Exercise-induced deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage is often associated with an increase in free radicals; however, there is a lack of evidence examining the two in parallel. This study tested the hypothesis that high-intensity exercise has the ability to produce free radicals that may be capable of causing DNA damage. Twelve ...
Abraham Jean M - - 2011
Following the recent introduction of an incentive-based, exercise-focused wellness program at a large public university, this paper investigates the factors that influence employees' behavior with respect to participation and regular exercise. Results suggest that an employee's probability of signing up for the program is related to her exercise behavior prior ...
Vitório Rodrigo - - 2011
This pilot study aimed to identify the effects of a 6-month, multimodal exercise program on clinical and gait parameters in patients with Parkinson's disease. Two groups of participants were enrolled in the study: Trained Group (TG) and Control Group (CG). Individuals in the TG exercised three times a week for ...
Mehrholz Jan J (a) Wissenschaftliches Institut, Private Europäische Medizinische Akademie der Klinik Bavaria in Kreischa GmbH, Kreischa, Germany, (b) Sektion Therapiewissenschaften, SRH Fachhochschule für Gesundheit Gera gGmbH, Gera, Thueringen, Germany, - - 2011
Water-based exercises are used in rehabilitation and might help to reduce disability after stroke. To investigate the effect of water-based exercises for reducing disability after stroke. We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register (last searched August 2010), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2010, ...
Guidi Francesca - - 2011
Regular physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease, as it probably modifies the balance between free-radical generation and antioxidant activity. On the other hand, however, acute physical activity increases oxygen uptake and leads to a temporary imbalance between the production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen ...
Bailey David M - - 2011
There is no consensus regarding the effects of mixed antioxidant vitamin C and/or vitamin E supplementation on oxidative stress responses to exercise and restoration of muscle function. Thirty-eight men were randomly assigned to receive either placebo group (n = 18) or mixed antioxidant (primarily vitamin C & E) supplements (n = 20) in a ...
Haraguchi Fabiano Kenji - - 2011
Resistance exercise such as weight-lifting (WL) increases oxidation products in plasma, but less is known regarding the effect of WL on oxidative damage to tissues. Dietary compounds are known to improve antioxidant defences. Whey protein (WP) is a source of protein in a variety of sport supplements and can enhance ...
Cetin E - - 2010
We investigated the effects of six months vitamin E administration on cognition evaluated by event-related potentials in exercising older subjects. Randomised controlled trial. Retirement home in Antalya, Turkey. Fifty-seven adults aged 60-85 years were randomly assigned to one of four groups: sedentary control (C), vitamin E (V), exercise training (E) ...
Miranda-Vilela Ana Luisa - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species account for the background levels of oxidatively damaged DNA in normal tissues. Physical exercise increases oxygen consumption and can cause oxidative stress. This stress can also involve deficient antioxidant defenses, which can be influenced by certain genetic polymorphisms. Because regular exercise is a known inducer of antioxidant ...
Teixeira A - - 2011
Here we evaluate the influence of a new exercise protocol on movement disorders induced by neuroleptic drugs. In this animal model, involuntary movements are closely related to neuronal degeneration and oxidative stress (OS) that can be caused by pre-synaptic D2 receptor blockade increasing dopamine (DA) metabolism. The increase in vacuous ...
Funes Lorena - - 2011
Intense exercise is directly related to muscular damage and oxidative stress due to excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) in both, plasma and white blood cells. Nevertheless, exercise-derived ROS are essential to regulate cellular adaptation to exercise. Studies on antioxidant supplements have provided controversial results. The purpose of this study was ...
O'Donoghue Grainne - - 2011
Overwhelming evidence shows that physical activity and exercise promotion and prescription are effective in preventing and managing numerous chronic conditions. With physiotherapists commonly referred to as 'exercise prescription experts', an in-depth knowledge of exercise promotion and prescription is assumed. However, to date, no information exists about what is or should ...
Oberbach Andreas - - 2010
Elevated visceral adipose tissue-derived serpin (vaspin) serum concentrations are associated with impaired insulin sensitivity, but increase unexpectedly after long-term physical training. We therefore investigated the effect of an acute exercise bout and the effects of vitamin supplementation on chronic exercise effect and on serum vaspin concentrations. We measured serum vaspin ...
Fatouros Ioannis G - - 2010
Hemodialyzed patients demonstrate elevated oxidative stress and reduced functional status. Exercise induces health benefits, but acute exertion up-regulates oxidative stress responses in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine the effect of L-carnitine supplementation on i) exercise performance and ii) blood redox status both ...
Trapp Denise - - 2010
Oxidative stress is a natural physiological process that describes an imbalance between free radical production and the ability of the antioxidant defence system of the body to neutralize free radicals. Free radicals can be beneficial as they may promote wound healing and contribute to a healthy immune response. However, free ...
You Yanghee - - 2010
Ferulic acid derived from Pseudosasa japonica leaves, which possessed antioxidative potentials with DPPH- (54%) and ABTs- (65%) radical scavenging activities, and lipid-peroxidation inhibitory activity (71%), was orally administered to mice for 12 days in order to investigate its effects on exercise endurance capacity and alterations of antioxidant defense systems. Exhaustive ...
Iversen Maura Daly - - 2010
Hip and knee osteoarthritis are common, chronic, and disabling. Therapeutic exercise is a component of all major rheumatologic society guidelines, yet the frequency, dose, duration, and therapeutic threshold for exercise are not clearly delineated. This review summarizes current studies of exercise for hip and knee osteoarthritis, discusses issues that influence ...
Calvert John W JW Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Carlyle Fraser Heart Center, Emory University School of Medicine, 550 Peachtree Street NE, Atlanta, GA 30308, USA. - - 2011
Exercise training has been shown to reduce many risk factors related to cardiovascular disease, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and insulin resistance. More importantly, exercise training has been consistently shown to confer sustainable protection against myocardial infarction in animal models and has been associated with improved survival following ...
Chang Wen-Hsin - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of purple sweet potato leaves (PSPL) consumption on oxidative stress markers in a healthy, nontrained, young male population after completing a running exercise protocol. A crossover design was applied, with 15 subjects participating in a two-step dietary intervention period. Each ...
Kavazis Andreas N - - 2010
Doxorubicin (Dox) is an antitumor agent used in cancer treatment, but its clinical use is limited due to cardiotoxicity. Although exercise training can defend against Dox-mediated cardiac damage, the means for this cardioprotection remain unknown. To investigate the mechanism(s) responsible for exercise training-induced cardioprotection against Dox-mediated cardiotoxicity, we tested a ...
Deminice R - - 2010
Aim of the study is to investigate the modulations of oxidative stress biomarkers and some antioxidants induced by high intensity interval training bout and its relation to swimming performance. Ten swimmers performed a set of 8 maximal swims along 100 m by style of their specialty, with 10 minute for ...
McAnulty Steven R - - 2010
n-3 fatty acids are known to exert multiple beneficial effects including anti-inflammatory actions that may diminish oxidative stress. Supplementation with antioxidant vitamins has been proposed to counteract oxidative stress and improve antioxidant status. Therefore, this project investigated the effects of daily supplementation in 48 trained cyclists over 6 wk and ...
Nie Jinlei - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine if prolonged exercise resulted in the appearance of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in serum and whether this was associated with elevated levels of myocardial oxidative stress. Forty-five male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into four groups and killed before (PRE-EX), immediately (0HR), 2 ...
Mallikarjuna K - - 2010
Chronic alcohol consumption causes severe hepatic oxidative damage, particularly to old subjects by decreasing various antioxidant enzymes. In this study, we test the hypothesis that exercise training can protect the aging liver against alcohol-induced oxidative damage. Two different age groups of Wistar albino rats (3 months young, n=24; 18 months ...
Ryan Michael J MJ Laboratory of Muscle Biology and Sarcopenia, Division of Exercise Physiology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV 26506, - - 2010
Aging is associated with increased oxidative stress. Muscle levels of oxidative stress are further elevated with exercise. The purpose of this study was to determine if dietary antioxidant supplementation would improve muscle function and cellular markers of oxidative stress in response to chronic repetitive loading in aging. The dorsiflexors of ...
Serrano Eric - - 2010
Cycling competitions represent an important physical overload even for well-trained individuals. In six professional cyclists, we studied the adaptive oxidative and anti-inflammatory response to a 4-day road cycling competition and its relationship with melatonin, an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory stress hormone. Blood and urine samples were collected before and after the ...
Tian Ye - - 2010
It is well documented that intense exercise precipitates oxidative stress in adults. However, there is lack of related studies concerning oxidant and antioxidant status during early and late recovery periods in adolescent athletes, following endurance exercise in particular. This study investigated aspects of the serum oxidant and antioxidant status of ...
Fezeu L - - 2010
Supplementation with high doses of antioxidant vitamins prevents the insulin-sensitizing effects of physical exercise. However, little is known whether antioxidant supplementation affects the incidence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG). Data from 8938 subjects included in a randomized controlled trial on supplementation with antioxidants vitamins and trace elements at nutritional doses ...
Xu Xiaohua - - 2010
An increase in oxidative stress and decrease in antioxidant enzymes have been suggested to be involved in the pathophysiology of myocardial infarction (MI). In this study in rats, treadmill exercise training and losartan treatment began 1 week post-myocardial infarction (MI) and lasted 8 weeks. We evaluated the changes in the ...
Neubauer Oliver - - 2010
Antioxidant requirements have neither been defined for endurance nor been defined for ultra-endurance athletes. To verify whether an acute bout of ultra-endurance exercise modifies the need for nutritive antioxidants, we aimed (1) to investigate the changes of endogenous and exogenous antioxidants in response to an Ironman triathlon; (2) to particularise ...
Thomas Melissa M - - 2010
Age-related loss of muscle mass and function exhibits a marked acceleration from late middle age to senescence and exercise training is one method that has been proposed to slow this process. The purpose of this study was to determine if long-term treadmill exercise training initiated at late middle age could ...
Yfanti Christina - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is a considerable commercial market, especially within the sports community, claiming the need for antioxidant supplementation. One argument for antioxidant supplementation in sports is that physical exercise is associated with increased reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) production, which may cause cell damage. However, RONS production may also ...
Naziro─člu Mustafa - - 2010
Oxidative stress occurs during maximal exercise, perhaps as a result of increased consumption of oxygen. Vitamins C and E can overcome the effects of antioxidants in exercise. We investigated the effects of supplementation with a combination of vitamin C and E (VCE) on blood lipid peroxidation (LP) and antioxidant levels ...
Revan S - - 2010
Oxidative stress occurs only when exercise is exhaustive and is independent of the absolute duration of exercise. In this study the effects of short duration (03:50 +/- 00:06 min) high-intensity exhaustive exercise on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status were examined. A total of thirty-seven male university students (23.9+/-0.6 years old) ...
Carlsohn Anja - - 2010
Exercise may increase reactive oxygen species production, which might impair cell integrity and contractile function of muscle cells. However, little is known about the effect of regular exercise on the antioxidant status of adolescents. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of exercise on the antioxidant status and protein ...
Nasca Melita M MM Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2010
Exercise can induce oxidative stress or an imbalance between reactive oxygen species and cellular antioxidant defenses. We investigated the effect of a real-life exercise program on systemic oxidative stress measured by urinary concentrations of 8-isoprostaglandin F2alpha (8-iso-PGF2 alpha), a noninvasive index of lipid peroxidation, in a well-characterized pediatric group. Healthy ...
Bailey Damian M - - 2010
Mitochondrial free radical formation has been implicated as a potential mechanism underlying degenerative senescence, although human data are lacking. Therefore, the present study was designed to examine if resting and exercise-induced intramuscular free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation is indeed increased across the spectrum of sedentary aging. Biopsies were obtained from the ...
Elokda Ahmed - - 2010
Resting plasma glutathione (GSH) levels are lower in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) than any other neurological condition. Medications used to treat PD have also been shown to further decrease this depletion. Acute exercise has been shown to be an effective tool to produce oxidative stress in other populations as ...
Wadley G D - - 2010
High doses of the antioxidant vitamin C prevent the increases in skeletal muscle mitochondrial biogenesis after exercise training. Since exercise training effects rely on the acute stimulus of each exercise bout, we examined whether vitamin C supplementation also attenuates the increases in skeletal muscle metabolic signaling and mitochondrial biogenesis in ...
Nagasawa Junichi - - 2010
We performed maximal exercise tests on 6 men using a bicycle ergometer and then measured the ferric-reducing ability in plasma to clarify the relationship between antioxidant status and exercise intensity. The ferric-reducing ability showed a rectilinear increase with the increase in exercise intensity, whereas the generation of hydroxyl radicals showed ...
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