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Results 351 - 400 of 1410
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Alhassan Sofiya - - 2012
Most preschool centers provide two 30-min sessions of gross-motor/outdoor playtime per preschool day. Within this time frame, children accumulate most of their activity within the first 10 min. This paper describes the design and baseline participant characteristics of the Short bouTs of Exercise for Preschoolers (STEP) study. The STEP study is ...
Kaya Derya Ozer - - 2012
Background and objectives: The aim was to assess and compare the postural stability effects of the "Progressive Dynamic Spine Stabilization Exercise Protocols" (PDSSEP) which were designed for different spinal segments. Material and Method: The asymptomatic, sedentary, and female volunteers (21.26 ± 1.30 years old) were allocated randomly into Cervical (n=22), ...
Crowe Louis L Institute of Sport and Health, Newstead Building, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2012
A new generation of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) devices can exercise aerobically at equivalent rates to voluntary exercise. Many with type 2 diabetes cannot or will not exercise sufficiently. The objective of this pilot investigation was to see (1) if it was an acceptable training modality for men with type ...
Gates P E - - 2012
Objective: A multi-site Randomized-Controlled Trial compared a home-based Supported Speed Treadmill Training Exercise Program (SSTTEP) with a strengthening exercise program in children with cerebral palsy (CP) on the following categories; Participation, quality of life (QOL), self-concept, goal attainment, and satisfaction. Design: Twenty-six children with spastic cerebral palsy were assigned by ...
Brown Justin C - - 2012
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the efficacy of exercise to reduce depressive symptoms among cancer survivors. In addition, we examined the extent to which exercise dose and clinical characteristics of cancer survivors influence the relationship between exercise and reductions in depressive symptoms. We conducted a systematic search ...
Lomundal Borghild K - - 2012
Investigate long-term effects 4 years after the end of a 1-year self-management program (SMP) with 30 hours of education and 16 hours of physical activity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Prospective observational outcome study. SMP focused on improving disease related self-care skills. Main outcome measures were health-related ...
Carter Tim T School of Nursing, Midwifery & Physiotherapy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK. - - 2012
People with mental illness are more likely to suffer physical health problems than comparable populations who do not have mental illness. There is evidence to suggest that exercise, as well has having obvious physical benefits, also has positive effects on mental health. There is a distinct paucity of research testing ...
Li Jing - - 2012
Exercise duration and intensity are important parameters in exercise prescription and play a major role in improving insulin sensitivity (including transient and persistent improvement effects following cessation of training) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, whether duration or intensity of exercise is the more important factor has ...
Berg Aloys - - 2012
To determine the changes in endurance capacity as well as in metabolic, hormonal and inflammatory markers induced by endurance training combined with a soy,protein based supplement. Randomized controlled study consisting of moderate endurance training without (GO) or with (G1) a soy protein based supplement. Two groups of 15 subjects (10 ...
Sayers Stephen P - - 2012
We examined whether high-speed power training (HSPT) improved muscle performance and braking speed using a driving simulator. 72 older adults (22 m, 50 f; age = 70.6 ± 7.3 yrs) were randomized to HSPT at 40% one-repetition maximum (1RM) (HSPT: n = 25; 3 sets of 12-14 repetitions), slow-speed strength training at 80%1RM ...
Franco Jessie R - - 2012
Introduction: This study compared the effect of Nintendo Wii Fit to the Matter of Balance program, a valid and reliable program, on improving balance, and well-being to decrease the risk of falls. Methods: Residents of an independent living senior housing facility were recruited and thirty-two residents ages 63 to 90 ...
Zanchi Nelo Eidy - - 2012
Physical inactivity leads to the accumulation of visceral fat and, consequently, to the activation of a network of inflammatory pathways which may promote development of insulin resistance, atherosclerosis, neurodegeneration, and tumour growth. These conditions belong to the "diseasome of physical inactivity". In contrast, the protective effect of regular exercise against ...
Moreira Rfc - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the short term effects of an exercise program on abdominal and back muscles resistance and hamstring flexibility among schoolchildren. Fifty eight healthy schoolchildren were divided into two groups: experimental (15 males and 14 females; mean age 12.2(1.8 years) and control (14 males ...
Robledo-Colonia Angelo Fernando - - 2012
Does supervised aerobic exercise during pregnancy reduce depressive symptoms in nulliparous women? Randomised trial with concealed allocation, blinded assessors, and intention-to-treat analysis. 80 nulliparous, pregnant women attending for prenatal care at one of three tertiary hospitals in Cali, Colombia. The experimental group completed a 3-month supervised exercise program, commencing at ...
Al-Nakhli Hani H HH Loma Linda University, - - 2012
Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), also known as exercise induced muscle damage (EIMD), is commonly experienced in individuals who have been physically inactive for prolonged periods of time, and begin with an unexpected bout of exercise, but can also occur in athletes who exercise beyond their normal limits of training. ...
Nyberg Andre A Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umeå University, Umeå 90187, Sweden. - - 2012
Single-limb knee extension exercises have been found to be effective at improving lower extremity exercise capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Since the positive local physiological effects of exercise training only occur in the engaged muscle(s), should upper extremity muscles also be included to determine the effect ...
Segal Sabrina K SK Center for Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA. - - 2012
Post-trial pharmacological activation of the noradrenergic system can facilitate memory consolidation. Because exercise activates the locus coeruleus and increases brain norepinephrine release, we hypothesized that post-trial exercise could function as a natural stimulus to enhance memory consolidation. We investigated this in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and cognitively normal elderly ...
Tobi Patrick - - 2012
Exercise referral schemes are one of the most popular forms of physical activity intervention in primary care in the UK and present an opportunity to better understand the factors related to exercise adherence. But standard schemes tend to be delivered over a short period and so provide information about the ...
Lehtola Vesa - - 2012
Practice guidelines recommend various types of exercise for chronic back pain but there have been few head-to-head comparisons of these interventions. General exercise seems to be an effective option for management of chronic low back pain (LBP) but very little is known about the management of a sub-acute LBP within ...
Hu Min - - 2012
Exercise training can increase total Hb and red cell mass, which enhances oxygen-carrying capacity. The possible underlying mechanisms are proposed to come mainly from bone marrow, including stimulated erythropoiesis with hyperplasia of the hematopoietic bone marrow, improvement of the hematopoietic microenvironment induced by exercise training, and hormone- and cytokine-accelerated erythropoiesis. ...
Contractor Aashish S - - 2011
Cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention programs are recognized as integral to the comprehensive care of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), and as such are recommended as useful and effective (Class I) by the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology in the treatment of patients with CHD. The term ...
Bates Amanda - - 2011
Home-based exercise with home visits has been shown to improve strength and balance and reduce falls in older people. This pilot study aimed to determine whether a home-based exercise program (delivered via workshops instead of home visits) improved strength and balance and reduced falls in adults aged 60 years and ...
Si Qi - - 2011
The transtheoretical model proposes that behavior change is experienced as a series of stages. Interventions tailored to these stages are most likely to be effective in progressing people through the model's hypothesized behavior change continuum. In this study, a stage-tailored, 12-week, exercise behavior intervention based on the transtheoretical model was ...
Davis Alexis G - - 2011
Knee braces and neoprene sleeves are commonly worn by people with anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions (ACLRs) during athletic activity. How knee braces and sleeves affect muscle activation in people with ACLRs is unclear. To determine the effects of knee braces and neoprene knee sleeves on the quadriceps central activation ratio ...
Byrne Christopher - - 2011
Precooling is the pre-exercise reduction of body temperature and is an effective method of improving physiologic function and exercise performance in environmental heat. A practical and effective method of precooling suitable for application at athletic venues has not been demonstrated. To confirm the effectiveness of pre-exercise ingestion of cold fluid ...
Littlewood Chris - - 2012
Shoulder pain due to rotator cuff tendinopathy is a common problem. Exercise is one intervention used to address this problem but conclusions from previous reviews have been mixed. To systematically review the effectiveness of exercise, incorporating loaded exercise (against gravity or resistance), for rotator cuff tendinopathy. An electronic search of ...
Hirsch Mark A - - 2011
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic, progressive, as-of-yet incurable, neurodegenerative condition affecting the nigro-striatal dopaminergic system. Emerging evidence suggests the importance of exercise in improving the trajectory of PD. Yet few people with PD are physically active. One challenge that healthcare professionals face in the 21st century is how to ...
Anek Achariya - - 2011
The purpose of this research is to develop a circuit box jumping exercise program and to examine the effects of the circuit box jumping exercise program on bone formation, bone resorption, health related to physical fitness and balance of the premenopausal females. The samples consisted of 57 female volunteers from ...
Torres Rui - - 2012
Exhaustive and/or unaccustomed exercise, mainly involving eccentric muscle actions, induces temporary muscle damage, evidenced by delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and decreased muscle function. Different strategies to recover from its signs and symptoms have been studied and, as a result, a significant number of articles on this issue have been ...
Dalton Elizabeth C - - 2011
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions are common, especially in young, active people. The lower extremity neuromuscular adaptations seen after aerobic exercise provide information about how previously injured patients perform and highlight deficits and, hence, areas for focused treatment. Little information is available about neuromuscular performance after aerobic exercise in people ...
Purepong Nithima - - 2012
The study investigated the influence of lumbar flexibility exercise on the lumbar angle among patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP). Pre-experimental one-group pretest-posttest design trial was conducted at Health Service Center, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand. Thirty-five non-specific LBP patients with limitation in lower back range of motion and without neurological ...
Jones Lee W - - 2011
Physical activity is becoming increasingly acknowledged as an integral component of in the multidisciplinary management of cancer patients. Intensive inquiry in this area is likely to increase further over the next decade; however, cancer-specific, evidence-based risk assessment and recommendations for physical activity are not available. A systematic literature review was ...
Erdogan A - - 2011
This paper presents design, implementation and control of a 3RPS-R exoskeleton, specifically built to impose targeted therapeutic exercises to forearm and wrist. Design of the exoskeleton features enhanced ergonomy, enlarged workspace and optimized device performance when compared to previous versions of the device. Passive velocity field control (PVFC) is implemented ...
Kim Chul - - 2011
To investigate the effect of self exercise in cardiac rehabilitation on cardiopulmonary exercise capacity for selected patients with coronary artery disease. The subjects of this study were patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and who participated in a cardiac rehabilitation program. The ...
Chee Kit - - 2011
Upper limb paresis after stroke greatly affects the performance of Activities of Daily Living (ADL). Unfortunately, rehabilitation for upper limb impairment can have poor results. The current robot-assisted devices are expensive and not readily accessible for homecare. This paper presents the development of a low-cost tabletop robotic device for upper ...
Tierney Stephanie - - 2011
Objectives: Keeping physically active has been shown to bring positive outcomes for patients diagnosed with heart failure (HF). However, a number of individuals with this health problem do not undertake regular exercise. A review of extant qualitative research was conducted to explore what it can tell us about barriers and ...
Yasuda Yoshifumi - - 2011
The effect of exercise on the increase of exhaled CO in smokers compared to non-smokers has not been clarified yet. In this study we compared the dynamics of exhaled CO before, during and after exercise between smokers and non-smokers. A group of 8 smokers and a group of 8 non-smokers ...
Temesi John - - 2011
This study was a systematic review with meta-analysis examining the efficacy of carbohydrate (CHO) ingestion compared with placebo (PLA) on endurance exercise performance in adults. Relevant databases were searched to January 2011. Included studies were PLA-controlled, randomized, crossover designs in which CHO ingestion not exceeding 8% and between 30 and ...
Phrompaet Sureeporn - - 2011
This study was performed to assess and compare the effects of Pilates exercise on flexibility and lumbo-pelvic movement control between the Pilates training and control groups. A randomized single-blinded controlled design was utilized in the study. Forty healthy male and female volunteers (mean age 31.65±6.21 years) were randomly divided into ...
Kabasakalis Athanasios - - 2011
Kabasakalis, A, Kyparos, A, Tsalis, G, Loupos, D, Pavlidou, A, and Kouretas, D. Blood oxidative stress markers after ultramarathon swimming. J Strength Cond Res 25(3): 805-811, 2011-Data on redox balance in response to marathon swimming are lacking, whereas findings from studies using other types of ultraendurance exercise are controversial. The ...
Chen Ming-De - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: One of the major consequences after stroke is the deterioration in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Three previous systematic reviews indicated that exercise has limited to no effect in improving HRQOL in stroke survivors. The objective of this meta-analysis was to update the evidence on exercise and ...
Mehrholz Jan J (a) Wissenschaftliches Institut, Private Europäische Medizinische Akademie der Klinik Bavaria in Kreischa GmbH, Kreischa, Germany, (b) Sektion Therapiewissenschaften, SRH Fachhochschule für Gesundheit Gera gGmbH, Gera, Thueringen, Germany, - - 2011
Water-based exercises are used in rehabilitation and might help to reduce disability after stroke. To investigate the effect of water-based exercises for reducing disability after stroke. We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register (last searched August 2010), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2010, ...
Sihawong Rattaporn - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of various types of exercise for prevention and cure of nonspecific neck pain in office workers. Publications between 1980 and April 2010 were systematically searched in various databases (PubMed, CINAHL Plus with full text, The Cochrane Library, Science Direct, PEDro, ...
Vitório Rodrigo - - 2011
This pilot study aimed to identify the effects of a 6-month, multimodal exercise program on clinical and gait parameters in patients with Parkinson's disease. Two groups of participants were enrolled in the study: Trained Group (TG) and Control Group (CG). Individuals in the TG exercised three times a week for ...
Abraham Jean M - - 2011
Following the recent introduction of an incentive-based, exercise-focused wellness program at a large public university, this paper investigates the factors that influence employees' behavior with respect to participation and regular exercise. Results suggest that an employee's probability of signing up for the program is related to her exercise behavior prior ...
Fogarty Mark C - - 2011
Exercise-induced deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage is often associated with an increase in free radicals; however, there is a lack of evidence examining the two in parallel. This study tested the hypothesis that high-intensity exercise has the ability to produce free radicals that may be capable of causing DNA damage. Twelve ...
Guidi Francesca - - 2011
Regular physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease, as it probably modifies the balance between free-radical generation and antioxidant activity. On the other hand, however, acute physical activity increases oxygen uptake and leads to a temporary imbalance between the production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen ...
Bailey David M - - 2011
There is no consensus regarding the effects of mixed antioxidant vitamin C and/or vitamin E supplementation on oxidative stress responses to exercise and restoration of muscle function. Thirty-eight men were randomly assigned to receive either placebo group (n = 18) or mixed antioxidant (primarily vitamin C & E) supplements (n = 20) in a ...
Haraguchi Fabiano Kenji - - 2011
Resistance exercise such as weight-lifting (WL) increases oxidation products in plasma, but less is known regarding the effect of WL on oxidative damage to tissues. Dietary compounds are known to improve antioxidant defences. Whey protein (WP) is a source of protein in a variety of sport supplements and can enhance ...
Cetin E - - 2010
We investigated the effects of six months vitamin E administration on cognition evaluated by event-related potentials in exercising older subjects. Randomised controlled trial. Retirement home in Antalya, Turkey. Fifty-seven adults aged 60-85 years were randomly assigned to one of four groups: sedentary control (C), vitamin E (V), exercise training (E) ...
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