Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1410
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Kim Chul - - 2012
To evaluate the effects of power walking (PW) training on a treadmill in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and to compare the cardiovascular effects of PW with usual walking (UW). Patients were recruited as participants in phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation program after receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) due to ...
Suzuki Takeki - - 2012
Lifestyle modifications such as exercise and diet interventions in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are widely regarded as important, but little is known about their frequency in clinical practice and their impact on all-cause mortality. The JCAD study is a cohort study of 13,812 patients with CAD (≥75% stenosis ...
Sañudo Borja B Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Seville, Seville, Spain. - - 2012
This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6-week "usual care" exercise program supplemented with whole-body vibration (WBV) to improve balance and strength in women with fibromyalgia (FM). This was a randomized controlled study. The setting was a physical therapy department in an academic setting. The subjects were 30 postmenopausal women ...
Smith Alice C - - 2012
Physical inactivity is well recognised as a major health issue in today's society. Regular exercise is important in maintaining health and preventing chronic disease, it is increasingly accepted as a valuable therapeutic intervention in many long-term conditions. Unfortunately the role of physical activity in renal disease has been largely overlooked ...
West Amy M AM Department of Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 2012
We hypothesized that percutaneous intervention in the affected lower extremity artery would improve calf muscle perfusion and cellular metabolism in patients with claudication and peripheral artery disease (PAD) as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS). Ten patients with symptomatic PAD (mean ± SD: age 57 ± 9 ...
Gibala Martin J - - 2012
Exercise training is a clinically proven, cost-effective, primary intervention that delays and in many cases prevents the health burdens associated with many chronic diseases. However, the precise type and dose of exercise needed to accrue health benefits is a contentious issue with no clear consensus recommendations for the prevention of ...
Kilbreath Sharon L - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine whether an exercise program, commencing 4-6 weeks post-operatively, reduces upper limb impairments in women treated for early breast cancer. Women (n = 160) were randomized to either an 8-week exercise program (n = 81) or to a control group (n = 79) following stratification for axillary surgery. The exercise ...
Uemura Kazuki - - 2012
Few studies have reported the effect of exercise intervention for improving postural control deficit in older adults at high risk of falling. We have developed a "Dual-task Switch Exercise (DSE)" program that focuses on gait initiation performance under the dual-task condition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether ...
Chorell Elin - - 2012
An excessive energy intake combined with a low level of physical activity induces detrimental processes involved in disease development, e.g. type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However the underlying mechanisms for regulation of metabolic capacity and fitness status remain unclear. Metabolomics involves global studies of the metabolic reactions in an ...
Heinonen Reetta - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Wireless and mobile phone technology as a method of data collection will increase alongside conventional methods. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of a mobile phone application for recording symptoms and physical activity exertion during an experimental physical exercise study. Material and Methods: ...
Lepley Adam S - - 2012
Lepley, AS, Gribble, PA, and Pietrosimone, BG. Effects of electromyographic biofeedback on quadriceps strength: A systematic review. J Strength Cond Res 26(X): 000-000, 2012-Quadriceps strength is a vital component to lower extremity function and is often the focus in resistance training interventions and injury rehabilitation. Electromyographic biofeedback (EMGBF) is frequently ...
Santtila Matti - - 2012
Santtila, M, Häkkinen, K, Nindl, BC, and Kyröläinen, H. Cardiovascular and neuromuscular performance responses induced by 8 weeks of basic training followed by 8 weeks of specialized military training. J Strength Cond Res 26(X): 000-000, 2012-The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in cardiovascular and neuromuscular performances ...
Mackenzie R - - 2012
Hypoxia and muscle contraction stimulate glucose transport activity in vitro. Exercise and hypoxia have additive effects on insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetics (T2D). The objective of the study was to examine the effectiveness of intermittent exercise with and without hypoxia on acute- and moderate-term glucose kinetics and insulin sensitivity ...
Church Jody - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of strategies designed to prevent falls among older people. Methods: A decision analytic Markov model of interventions designed to prevent falls was developed. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) using quality adjusted life year (QALYs) as the measure, were calculated for those interventions aimed at the general ...
Oostdam Nicolette - - 2012
The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increasing worldwide. GDM and the risks associated with GDM lead to increased health care costs and losses in productivity. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether the FitFor2 exercise program during pregnancy is cost-effective from a societal perspective as compared ...
Churchward-Venne Tyler A - - 2012
Provision of dietary amino acids increases skeletal muscle protein synthesis (MPS), an effect that is enhanced by prior resistance exercise. As a fundamentally necessary process in the enhancement of muscle mass, strategies to enhance rates of MPS would be beneficial in the development of interventions aimed at increasing skeletal muscle ...
Crowther Robert G - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a 6-month exercise program on submaximal walking economy in individuals with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication (PAD-IC). Participants (n = 16) were randomly allocated to either a control PAD-IC group (CPAD-IC, n = 6) which received standard medical ...
Jarrett Mark S - - 2012
Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is prevalent in those over the age of 65 years and the leading cause of spinal surgery in this population. Recent systematic reviews have examined the effectiveness of conservative management for LSS, but not relative to surgical interventions. The aim of this review was to systematically ...
Stranahan Alexis M - - 2012
Physical activity has been correlated with a reduced incidence of cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease in human populations. Although data from intervention-based randomized trials is scarce, there is some indication that exercise may confer protection against age-related deficits in cognitive function. Data from animal models suggests that exercise, in the ...
Ramírez-Vélez Robinson - - 2012
SUMMARY OF: Stafne SN et al (2012) Regular exercise during pregnancy to prevent gestational diabetes. Obstet Gynecol 119: 29-36. [Prepared by Nora Shields, CAP Editor.] Does a 12-week exercise program prevent gestational diabetes and improve insulin resistance in healthy pregnant women with normal body mass index (BMI)? Randomised, controlled trial ...
Mille Marie-Laure - - 2012
Disorders of posture, balance, and gait are debilitating motor manifestations of advancing Parkinson's disease requiring rehabilitation intervention. These problems often reflect difficulties with coupling or sequencing posture and locomotion during complex whole body movements linked with falls. Considerable progress has been made with demonstrating the effectiveness of exercise interventions for ...
Moreira Rfc - - 2012
Evidence synthesized based on randomized controlled trials (RCT) results are recognized as the pinnacle of research excellence; however, the conduction of RCT in workplace environment is not always possible. This study comparatively reviewed evidence from RCT and non-RCT studies in which participants performed workplace exercise for musculoskeletal pain control. Up ...
Orrow Gillian G General Practice and Primary Care Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0SR, UK. - - 2012
To determine whether trials of physical activity promotion based in primary care show sustained effects on physical activity or fitness in sedentary adults, and whether exercise referral interventions are more effective than other interventions. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, Centre for Reviews ...
Ciolac Emmanuel Gomes - - 2012
Essential arterial hypertension is the most common risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Regular exercise is a well-established intervention for the prevention and treatment of hypertension. Continuous moderate-intensity exercise training (CMT) that can be sustained for 30 min or more has been traditionally recommended for hypertension prevention and treatment. ...
Page Matthew J - - 2012
Non-surgical treatment, including exercises and mobilisation, has been offered to people experiencing mild to moderate symptoms arising from carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, the effectiveness and duration of benefit from exercises and mobilisation for this condition remain unknown. To review the efficacy and safety of exercise and mobilisation interventions compared ...
Bruce-Brand Robert A RA Cappagh National Orthopaedic Hospital, Finglas, Dublin 11, Ireland. - - 2012
Quadriceps femoris muscle (QFM) weakness is a feature of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and exercise programs that strengthen this muscle group can improve function, disability and pain. Traditional supervised resistance exercise is however resource intensive and dependent on good adherence which can be challenging to achieve in patients with significant knee ...
Mishra Shiraz I - - 2012
People with cancer undergoing active treatment experience numerous disease- and treatment-related adverse outcomes and poorer health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Exercise interventions are hypothesized to alleviate these adverse outcomes. HRQoL and its domains are important measures of cancer survivorship, both during and after the end of active treatment for cancer. ...
Nascimento Dahan da Cunha Dda - - 2012
Physical inactivity is considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is strongly associated with changes in arterial structure. Regular physical activity and exercise contributes to the prevention of coronary artery disease. Therefore, cardiovascular and resistance training improve hemostatic parameters and promote a less thrombotic blood profile. This review highlights ...
Mishra Shiraz I - - 2012
Cancer survivors experience numerous disease and treatment-related adverse outcomes and poorer health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Exercise interventions are hypothesized to alleviate these adverse outcomes. HRQoL and its domains are important measures for cancer survivorship. To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise on overall HRQoL and HRQoL domains among adult post-treatment ...
Moholdt Trine T K.G. Jebsen Center of Exercise in Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Trondheim, Norway. - - 2012
Aerobic capacity, measured as the peak oxygen uptake, is a strong predictor of survival in cardiac patients. Aerobic interval training (AIT), walking/running four times four minutes at 85-95% of peak heart rate, has proven to be effective in increasing peak oxygen uptake in coronary heart disease patients. As some patients ...
Carbonell-Baeza Ana - - 2012
The al-Andalus physical activity intervention study is a randomised control trial to investigate the effectiveness of a land- and water-based exercise intervention for reducing the overall impact of fibromyalgia (primary outcome), and for improving tenderness and pain-related measures, body composition, functional capacity, physical activity and sedentary behaviour, fatigue, sleep quality, ...
Habers Esther A - - 2012
Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare, often chronic, systemic autoimmune disease of childhood, characterized by inflammation of the microvasculature of the skeletal muscle and skin. Prominent clinical features include significant exercise intolerance, muscle weakness, and fatigue. Despite pharmacological improvements, these clinical features continue to affect patients with JDM, even when ...
Tarnanen Sami - - 2012
Lumbar spine fusion (LSF) effectively decreases pain and disability in specific spinal disorders; however, the disability rate following surgery remains high. This, combined with the fact that in Western countries the number of LSF surgeries is increasing rapidly it is important to develop rehabilitation interventions that improve outcomes. In the ...
Stoller Oliver - - 2012
Previous studies have shown the beneficial effects of aerobic exercise in chronic stroke. Most motor and functional recovery occurs in the first months after stroke. Improving cardiovascular capacity may have potential to precipitate recovery during early stroke rehabilitation. Currently, little is known about the effects of early cardiovascular exercise in ...
Rocco Enéas A - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the following: 1) the effects of continuous exercise training and interval exercise training on the end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure (PETCO2) response during a graded exercise test in patients with coronary artery disease; and 2) the effects of exercise training modalities on the ...
Boyd Roslyn N - - 2012
SUMMARY OF: Scholtes VA et al (2012) Effectiveness of functional progressive resistance exercise training on walking ability in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. Res Dev Disabil 33: 181-188. [Prepared by Nora Shields, CAP Editor.] Does functional progressive resistance exercise (PRE) improve walking ability and participation in school-aged ...
Maiorana Andrew - - 2012
SUMMARY OF: Wisloff U et al (2007) Superior cardiovascular effect of aerobic interval training versus moderate continuous training in heart failure patients: a randomized study. Circulation 115: 3086-3094. [Prepared by Kylie Hill, CAP Editor.] Is aerobic interval training (AIT) more effective than moderate continuous training (MCT) at enhancing aerobic fitness ...
Tinkerhess Martin J - - 2012
One of the most pressing problems facing modern medical researchers is the surging levels of obesity, with the consequent increase in associated disorders such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease (1-3). An important topic of research into these associated health problems involves the role of endurance exercise as a beneficial intervention. ...
Yang Yea-Ru YR Department of Physical Therapy and Assistive Technology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, - - 2012
Physical exercise may induce neuroprotective effects against brain damage after stroke. The authors aimed to investigate the effects of various exercises on motor function, striatal angiogenesis, and infarct volume in cerebral ischemic rats. Adult male Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion and randomly assigned to 1 ...
Hooghiemstra Astrid M AM Department of Clinical Neuropsychology, VU University, Amsterdam, The - - 2012
Although studies show a negative relationship between physical activity and the risk for cognitive impairment and late-onset Alzheimer's disease, studies concerning early-onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) are lacking. This review aims to justify the value of exercise interventions in EOAD by providing theoretical considerations that include neurobiological processes. A literature search ...
Pfaeffli Leila - - 2012
Involving stakeholders and consumers throughout the content and study design ensures interventions are engaging and relevant for end-users. The aim of this paper is to present the content development process for a mHealth (mobile phone and internet-based) cardiac rehabilitation (CR) exercise intervention. An innovative mHealth intervention was developed with patient ...
Rankinen Tuomo - - 2012
A growing body of evidence indicates that genotype-by-physical activity interactions on various health-related outcomes do exist. Observational studies have shown that relationships between DNA sequence variants and risk factors are significantly different between sedentary and physically active individuals, while exercise intervention studies have demonstrated that genetic variation contributes significantly to ...
Allison Garry T - - 2012
SUMMARY OF: Vasseljen O et al (2012) Effect of core stability exercises on feedforward activation of deep abdominal muscles in chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial Spine 37: 1101-1108. [Prepared by Margreth Grotle and Kåre B Hagen, CAP Editors.] Does timing of abdominal muscle activation in response to ...
Ozban M - - 2012
Objectives: This study was designed to assess the effects of exercise on the portal venous system in splenectomized adults.Background: Splenectomy is a surgical intervention commonly performed at surgery clinics and recognized as a cause of portal vein thrombosis. Intensive exercise increases blood flow to the contracting muscles, causes hypercoagulability and ...
Petito Eliana Louzada EL Departamento de Ginecologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, SP, Brazil. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an exercise program for the recuperation of the range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder. This is a quasi-experimental study developed at the Mastology Outpatient Clinic of the Federal University of São Paulo - Brazil, from August 2006 to ...
Faulkner James - - 2012
Purpose. To assess the effect of a self-paced walking intervention within a topographically varied outdoor environment on physiological and perceptual markers in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) patients. Methods. Sixteen phase II CR patients completed twelve self-paced one-mile walking sessions over a four-week period within a community-based CR programme. Walking velocity, heart ...
Carvalho Alan P V - - 2012
Shoulder dysfunction is a common problem in patients treated for head and neck cancer. Both neck dissections and radiotherapy can cause morbidity to the shoulder joint. Exercise interventions have been suggested as a treatment option for this population. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of exercise interventions for the treatment ...
van der Heijden Marion M P - - 2012
Sufficient exercise is important for people with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), as it can prevent future health problems. Despite, it is estimated that only 30-40% of people with T2DM are sufficiently active. One of the psychosocial constructs that is believed to influence physical activity behaviour, is exercise self-efficacy. The ...
Lewis Jeremy S - - 2012
Does a specific exercise program improve shoulder function more than non-specific exercises in patients with subacromial impingement? Randomised, controlled trial with concealed allocation and blinded outcome assessment. University hospital in Sweden. Patients aged 30 to 65 years with subacromial impingement syndrome of at least 6 months duration, and on the ...
Kim Sukwon - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of 8-week balance or weight training on ankle joint stiffness and limb stability for older adults, furthermore, on outcomes of slips while walking. Eighteen older adults volunteered for the study and randomly were assigned to the three groups, such ...
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