Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1360
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Marshall Lucille C - - 2012
Marshall, LC and Wyon, MA. The effect of whole-body vibration on jump height and active range of movement in female dancers. J Strength Cond Res 26(X): 000-000, 2012-Whole-body vibration (WBV) has been shown to have beneficial effects on strength and power indices in sedentary and moderately trained individuals. The aim ...
Suzuki Takeki - - 2012
Lifestyle modifications such as exercise and diet interventions in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are widely regarded as important, but little is known about their frequency in clinical practice and their impact on all-cause mortality. The JCAD study is a cohort study of 13,812 patients with CAD (≥75% stenosis ...
Smith Alice C - - 2012
Physical inactivity is well recognised as a major health issue in today's society. Regular exercise is important in maintaining health and preventing chronic disease, it is increasingly accepted as a valuable therapeutic intervention in many long-term conditions. Unfortunately the role of physical activity in renal disease has been largely overlooked ...
Petito Eliana Louzada - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an exercise program for the recuperation of the range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder. This is a quasi-experimental study developed at the Mastology Outpatient Clinic of the Federal University of São Paulo - Brazil, from August 2006 to ...
Page Phil - - 2012
Stretching is a common activity used by athletes, older adults, rehabilitation patients, and anyone participating in a fitness program. While the benefits of stretching are known, controversy remains about the best type of stretching for a particular goal or outcome. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to discuss the ...
Kim Chul - - 2012
To evaluate the effects of power walking (PW) training on a treadmill in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and to compare the cardiovascular effects of PW with usual walking (UW). Patients were recruited as participants in phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation program after receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) due to ...
West Amy M - - 2012
We hypothesized that percutaneous intervention in the affected lower extremity artery would improve calf muscle perfusion and cellular metabolism in patients with claudication and peripheral artery disease (PAD) as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS). Ten patients with symptomatic PAD (mean ± SD: age 57 ± 9 ...
Conn Vicki S VS University of Missouri, S317 School of Nursing, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. - - 2012
This meta-analysis is a systematic compilation of research focusing on various exercise interventions and their impact on the health and behavior outcomes of healthy African American, Hispanic, Native American, and Native Hawaiian adults. Comprehensive searching located published and unpublished studies. Random-effects analyses synthesized data to calculate effect sizes (ES) as ...
Gibala Martin J - - 2012
Exercise training is a clinically proven, cost-effective, primary intervention that delays and in many cases prevents the health burdens associated with many chronic diseases. However, the precise type and dose of exercise needed to accrue health benefits is a contentious issue with no clear consensus recommendations for the prevention of ...
Kilbreath Sharon L - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine whether an exercise program, commencing 4-6 weeks post-operatively, reduces upper limb impairments in women treated for early breast cancer. Women (n = 160) were randomized to either an 8-week exercise program (n = 81) or to a control group (n = 79) following stratification for axillary surgery. The exercise ...
Uemura Kazuki - - 2012
Few studies have reported the effect of exercise intervention for improving postural control deficit in older adults at high risk of falling. We have developed a "Dual-task Switch Exercise (DSE)" program that focuses on gait initiation performance under the dual-task condition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether ...
Chorell Elin - - 2012
An excessive energy intake combined with a low level of physical activity induces detrimental processes involved in disease development, e.g. type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However the underlying mechanisms for regulation of metabolic capacity and fitness status remain unclear. Metabolomics involves global studies of the metabolic reactions in an ...
Heinonen Reetta - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Wireless and mobile phone technology as a method of data collection will increase alongside conventional methods. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of a mobile phone application for recording symptoms and physical activity exertion during an experimental physical exercise study. Material and Methods: ...
Santtila Matti - - 2012
Santtila, M, Häkkinen, K, Nindl, BC, and Kyröläinen, H. Cardiovascular and neuromuscular performance responses induced by 8 weeks of basic training followed by 8 weeks of specialized military training. J Strength Cond Res 26(X): 000-000, 2012-The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in cardiovascular and neuromuscular performances ...
Lepley Adam S - - 2012
Lepley, AS, Gribble, PA, and Pietrosimone, BG. Effects of electromyographic biofeedback on quadriceps strength: A systematic review. J Strength Cond Res 26(X): 000-000, 2012-Quadriceps strength is a vital component to lower extremity function and is often the focus in resistance training interventions and injury rehabilitation. Electromyographic biofeedback (EMGBF) is frequently ...
Mackenzie R - - 2012
Hypoxia and muscle contraction stimulate glucose transport activity in vitro. Exercise and hypoxia have additive effects on insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetics (T2D). The objective of the study was to examine the effectiveness of intermittent exercise with and without hypoxia on acute- and moderate-term glucose kinetics and insulin sensitivity ...
Church Jody - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of strategies designed to prevent falls among older people. Methods: A decision analytic Markov model of interventions designed to prevent falls was developed. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) using quality adjusted life year (QALYs) as the measure, were calculated for those interventions aimed at the general ...
Berg Aloys - - 2012
To determine the changes in endurance capacity as well as in metabolic, hormonal and inflammatory markers induced by endurance training combined with a soy,protein based supplement. Randomized controlled study consisting of moderate endurance training without (GO) or with (G1) a soy protein based supplement. Two groups of 15 subjects (10 ...
Allison Garry T - - 2012
SUMMARY OF: Vasseljen O et al (2012) Effect of core stability exercises on feedforward activation of deep abdominal muscles in chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial Spine 37: 1101-1108. [Prepared by Margreth Grotle and Kåre B Hagen, CAP Editors.] Does timing of abdominal muscle activation in response to ...
Moreira Rfc - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the short term effects of an exercise program on abdominal and back muscles resistance and hamstring flexibility among schoolchildren. Fifty eight healthy schoolchildren were divided into two groups: experimental (15 males and 14 females; mean age 12.2(1.8 years) and control (14 males ...
Robledo-Colonia Angelo Fernando - - 2012
Does supervised aerobic exercise during pregnancy reduce depressive symptoms in nulliparous women? Randomised trial with concealed allocation, blinded assessors, and intention-to-treat analysis. 80 nulliparous, pregnant women attending for prenatal care at one of three tertiary hospitals in Cali, Colombia. The experimental group completed a 3-month supervised exercise program, commencing at ...
Ramírez-Vélez Robinson - - 2012
SUMMARY OF: Stafne SN et al (2012) Regular exercise during pregnancy to prevent gestational diabetes. Obstet Gynecol 119: 29-36. [Prepared by Nora Shields, CAP Editor.] Does a 12-week exercise program prevent gestational diabetes and improve insulin resistance in healthy pregnant women with normal body mass index (BMI)? Randomised, controlled trial ...
Faulkner James - - 2012
Purpose. To assess the effect of a self-paced walking intervention within a topographically varied outdoor environment on physiological and perceptual markers in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) patients. Methods. Sixteen phase II CR patients completed twelve self-paced one-mile walking sessions over a four-week period within a community-based CR programme. Walking velocity, heart ...
Ozban M - - 2012
Objectives: This study was designed to assess the effects of exercise on the portal venous system in splenectomized adults.Background: Splenectomy is a surgical intervention commonly performed at surgery clinics and recognized as a cause of portal vein thrombosis. Intensive exercise increases blood flow to the contracting muscles, causes hypercoagulability and ...
Lewis Jeremy S - - 2012
Does a specific exercise program improve shoulder function more than non-specific exercises in patients with subacromial impingement? Randomised, controlled trial with concealed allocation and blinded outcome assessment. University hospital in Sweden. Patients aged 30 to 65 years with subacromial impingement syndrome of at least 6 months duration, and on the ...
Stranahan Alexis M - - 2012
Physical activity has been correlated with a reduced incidence of cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease in human populations. Although data from intervention-based randomized trials is scarce, there is some indication that exercise may confer protection against age-related deficits in cognitive function. Data from animal models suggests that exercise, in the ...
Churchward-Venne Tyler A - - 2012
Provision of dietary amino acids increases skeletal muscle protein synthesis (MPS), an effect that is enhanced by prior resistance exercise. As a fundamentally necessary process in the enhancement of muscle mass, strategies to enhance rates of MPS would be beneficial in the development of interventions aimed at increasing skeletal muscle ...
Li Jing - - 2012
Exercise duration and intensity are important parameters in exercise prescription and play a major role in improving insulin sensitivity (including transient and persistent improvement effects following cessation of training) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, whether duration or intensity of exercise is the more important factor has ...
Moreira Rfc - - 2012
Evidence synthesized based on randomized controlled trials (RCT) results are recognized as the pinnacle of research excellence; however, the conduction of RCT in workplace environment is not always possible. This study comparatively reviewed evidence from RCT and non-RCT studies in which participants performed workplace exercise for musculoskeletal pain control. Up ...
Sayers Stephen P - - 2012
We examined whether high-speed power training (HSPT) improved muscle performance and braking speed using a driving simulator. 72 older adults (22 m, 50 f; age = 70.6 ± 7.3 yrs) were randomized to HSPT at 40% one-repetition maximum (1RM) (HSPT: n = 25; 3 sets of 12-14 repetitions), slow-speed strength training at 80%1RM ...
Franco Jessie R - - 2012
Introduction: This study compared the effect of Nintendo Wii Fit to the Matter of Balance program, a valid and reliable program, on improving balance, and well-being to decrease the risk of falls. Methods: Residents of an independent living senior housing facility were recruited and thirty-two residents ages 63 to 90 ...
Boyd Roslyn N - - 2012
SUMMARY OF: Scholtes VA et al (2012) Effectiveness of functional progressive resistance exercise training on walking ability in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. Res Dev Disabil 33: 181-188. [Prepared by Nora Shields, CAP Editor.] Does functional progressive resistance exercise (PRE) improve walking ability and participation in school-aged ...
Rankinen Tuomo - - 2012
A growing body of evidence indicates that genotype-by-physical activity interactions on various health-related outcomes do exist. Observational studies have shown that relationships between DNA sequence variants and risk factors are significantly different between sedentary and physically active individuals, while exercise intervention studies have demonstrated that genetic variation contributes significantly to ...
Maiorana Andrew - - 2012
SUMMARY OF: Wisloff U et al (2007) Superior cardiovascular effect of aerobic interval training versus moderate continuous training in heart failure patients: a randomized study. Circulation 115: 3086-3094. [Prepared by Kylie Hill, CAP Editor.] Is aerobic interval training (AIT) more effective than moderate continuous training (MCT) at enhancing aerobic fitness ...
Kaya Derya Ozer - - 2012
Background and objectives: The aim was to assess and compare the postural stability effects of the "Progressive Dynamic Spine Stabilization Exercise Protocols" (PDSSEP) which were designed for different spinal segments. Material and Method: The asymptomatic, sedentary, and female volunteers (21.26 ± 1.30 years old) were allocated randomly into Cervical (n=22), ...
Crowe Louis - - 2012
A new generation of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) devices can exercise aerobically at equivalent rates to voluntary exercise. Many with type 2 diabetes cannot or will not exercise sufficiently. The objective of this pilot investigation was to see (1) if it was an acceptable training modality for men with type ...
Gates P E - - 2012
Objective: A multi-site Randomized-Controlled Trial compared a home-based Supported Speed Treadmill Training Exercise Program (SSTTEP) with a strengthening exercise program in children with cerebral palsy (CP) on the following categories; Participation, quality of life (QOL), self-concept, goal attainment, and satisfaction. Design: Twenty-six children with spastic cerebral palsy were assigned by ...
Hooghiemstra Astrid M - - 2012
Although studies show a negative relationship between physical activity and the risk for cognitive impairment and late-onset Alzheimer's disease, studies concerning early-onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) are lacking. This review aims to justify the value of exercise interventions in EOAD by providing theoretical considerations that include neurobiological processes. A literature search ...
Nascimento Dahan da Cunha Dda - - 2012
Physical inactivity is considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is strongly associated with changes in arterial structure. Regular physical activity and exercise contributes to the prevention of coronary artery disease. Therefore, cardiovascular and resistance training improve hemostatic parameters and promote a less thrombotic blood profile. This review highlights ...
Ciolac Emmanuel Gomes - - 2012
Essential arterial hypertension is the most common risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Regular exercise is a well-established intervention for the prevention and treatment of hypertension. Continuous moderate-intensity exercise training (CMT) that can be sustained for 30 min or more has been traditionally recommended for hypertension prevention and treatment. ...
Zanchi Nelo Eidy - - 2012
Physical inactivity leads to the accumulation of visceral fat and, consequently, to the activation of a network of inflammatory pathways which may promote development of insulin resistance, atherosclerosis, neurodegeneration, and tumour growth. These conditions belong to the "diseasome of physical inactivity". In contrast, the protective effect of regular exercise against ...
Pfaeffli Leila - - 2012
Involving stakeholders and consumers throughout the content and study design ensures interventions are engaging and relevant for end-users. The aim of this paper is to present the content development process for a mHealth (mobile phone and internet-based) cardiac rehabilitation (CR) exercise intervention. An innovative mHealth intervention was developed with patient ...
van der Heijden Marion M P - - 2012
Sufficient exercise is important for people with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), as it can prevent future health problems. Despite, it is estimated that only 30-40% of people with T2DM are sufficiently active. One of the psychosocial constructs that is believed to influence physical activity behaviour, is exercise self-efficacy. The ...
Lehtola Vesa - - 2012
Practice guidelines recommend various types of exercise for chronic back pain but there have been few head-to-head comparisons of these interventions. General exercise seems to be an effective option for management of chronic low back pain (LBP) but very little is known about the management of a sub-acute LBP within ...
Carbonell-Baeza Ana - - 2012
The al-Andalus physical activity intervention study is a randomised control trial to investigate the effectiveness of a land- and water-based exercise intervention for reducing the overall impact of fibromyalgia (primary outcome), and for improving tenderness and pain-related measures, body composition, functional capacity, physical activity and sedentary behaviour, fatigue, sleep quality, ...
Brown Justin C - - 2012
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the efficacy of exercise to reduce depressive symptoms among cancer survivors. In addition, we examined the extent to which exercise dose and clinical characteristics of cancer survivors influence the relationship between exercise and reductions in depressive symptoms. We conducted a systematic search ...
Kim Sukwon - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of 8-week balance or weight training on ankle joint stiffness and limb stability for older adults, furthermore, on outcomes of slips while walking. Eighteen older adults volunteered for the study and randomly were assigned to the three groups, such ...
Tobi Patrick - - 2012
Exercise referral schemes are one of the most popular forms of physical activity intervention in primary care in the UK and present an opportunity to better understand the factors related to exercise adherence. But standard schemes tend to be delivered over a short period and so provide information about the ...
Carter Tim - - 2012
People with mental illness are more likely to suffer physical health problems than comparable populations who do not have mental illness. There is evidence to suggest that exercise, as well has having obvious physical benefits, also has positive effects on mental health. There is a distinct paucity of research testing ...
Lomundal Borghild K - - 2012
Investigate long-term effects 4 years after the end of a 1-year self-management program (SMP) with 30 hours of education and 16 hours of physical activity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Prospective observational outcome study. SMP focused on improving disease related self-care skills. Main outcome measures were health-related ...
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