Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1394
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Amon Mojca - - 2012
Abstract Amon, Mojca, Michail E. Keramidas, Stylianos N. Kounalakis, Igor B. Mekjavic. The effect of a sleep high-train low regimen on the finger cold-induced vasodilation response. High Alt. Med. Biol. 13:32-39.-The present study evaluated the effect of a sleep high-train low regimen on the finger cold-induced vasodilation (CIVD) response. Seventeen ...
Wimer Gregory S - - 2012
This study used cross-sectional and longitudinal training research designs to determine if (a) exercise hyperemia is enhanced in exercise-trained forearms and (b) sympathetic vasoconstriction of the trained forearm is attenuated (sympatholysis) during handgrip exercise. In the cross-sectional comparison, 10 rock climbers, 10 runners, 10 controls participated while the longitudinal training ...
Ciliberti Paolo - - 2012
Despite advancements in surgical techniques over the past 20 years, Fontan patients have decreased exercise capacity as a consequence of an inherent inability to adequately increase cardiac output during exercise. They are also affected by several complications that are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. As the systemic and pulmonary ...
Angioi Manuela - - 2012
Within aesthetic sports such as figure skating and rhythmic gymnastics, physical fitness has been shown to have positive benefits on performance outcomes. Presently the link between physical fitness and aesthetic contemporary dance performance has not been demonstrated within an intervention study. In this study, 24 females engaged in contemporary dance ...
Iversen Maura Daly MD Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health Professions, Northeastern University Bouvé College of Health Sciences, USA. - - 2012
Osteoarthritis (OA) results in progressive destruction of articular cartilage and bone at the joint margins, leading to impairments extending far beyond the synovial joint. Rehabilitation interventions that target specific impairments and activity restrictions can help restore independence and promote healthy living. Such interventions include exercise, physical modalities (ice, heat, ultrasonography), ...
Sukala William R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To review clinical trials that have prescribed exercise training in high-risk, ethnic populations with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and delineate areas for future research. METHOD: A systematic review using computerized databases was performed. RESULTS: The systematic review located nine trials, including four uncontrolled trials, and five randomized controlled ...
Zhao Wen-Wen - - 2012
To investigate the effects of hypoxia acclimation, exercise training and fasting on the swimming performance of juvenile qingbo (Spinibarbus sinensis), we measured the critical swimming speed (U (crit)), resting and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) of control, hypoxia-acclimated, exercise-acclimated and fasting fish at 25°C. The muscle and plasma metabolites before ...
Kilding A E - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of hyperoxic-supplemented interval training on endurance performance. Using a single-blind, randomised control-trial design, 16 well-trained cyclists were randomly assigned to either hyperoxic or normoxic training. Participants visited the laboratory twice per week, for 4 weeks, to perform high-intensity interval training ...
Bandholm Thomas - - 2012
Bandholm T, Kehlet H. Physiotherapy exercise after fast-track total hip and knee arthroplasty: time for reconsideration? Major surgery, including total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA), is followed by a convalescence period, during which the loss of muscle strength and function is considerable, especially early after surgery. In ...
Budde Henning - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Regular physical activity participation seems to be linked to brain metabolism and to be one factor responsible for different effects of high intensity exercise on cognition. Due to this, we investigated the effect of an intermittent maximal exercise intervention on a neuropsychological test requiring sustained and selective ...
Stafne Signe N - - 2012
Objective. To study lumbopelvic pain in women randomized to a regular exercise program during pregnancy compared to women receiving standard antenatal care. Design. A two-armed, two center randomized controlled trial. Setting. St. Olavs Hospital Trondheim University Hospital and Stavanger University Hospital. Population. A total of 855 pregnant women were randomized ...
Escalante Yolanda - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of different physical exercise interventions on the lipid profile (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), and triglycerides (TG)) of obese children. METHOD: A computerized search was made of seven databases using keywords. Effect ...
Wiegand Gesa - - 2012
In the majority of patients, secundum atrial septal defects (ASDs) are treated interventionally or surgically, before the onset of clinical symptoms, between 3 and 6 years of age. Because right-ventricular dimensions usually normalize after ASD closure, it has been assumed that cardiac function and exercise performance also normalize at long-term follow-up. ...
Gault Mandy Lucinda - - 2012
Age-associated decline in muscle mass and strength impairs functional mobility in older adults. We examined the effects of an eccentric endurance exercise programme (downhill treadmill walking, DTW) at a self-selected walking speed (SSWS) on functional mobility and eccentric and concentric strength of m. quadriceps femoris of older adults. Twenty-four older ...
Grisbrook T L - - 2012
PURPOSE: Pulmonary function (PF) is compromised in some individuals following burn, which may result in impaired aerobic capacity. Exercise training improves PF and exercise capacity in children recovering from burns, yet it is unknown if adults will demonstrate the same response. PROCEDURES: 9 burn injured participants (%TBSA 42 ±18.38, 6.56 ...
Hastings Jeffrey L JL Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas, Dallas, TX 75231, - - 2012
This study examined the effectiveness of a short-duration but high-intensity exercise countermeasure in combination with a novel oral volume load in preventing bed rest deconditioning and orthostatic intolerance. Bed rest reduces work capacity and orthostatic tolerance due in part to cardiac atrophy and decreased stroke volume. Twenty seven healthy subjects ...
Kim Ji-Hee - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While performing respiratory training, an elastic chest band has great benefits for clinical use due to its safety and easy application. However, to our knowledge, there is no published data on the clinical use of an elastic chest band into inspiratory training for people with limited rib ...
Otto William H - - 2012
The present study compared the effects of six weeks of weightlifting plus traditional heavy resistance training exercises vs. kettlebell training on strength, power, and anthropometric measures. Thirty males were randomly assigned to one of two groups: 1) weightlifting (n = 13; mean ± SD, age: 22.92 ± 1.98 y; body ...
Newlin Mia K - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of acute exercise on serum hepcidin and iron (sFe) in active women. Changes in Interluekin-6 (IL-6), hepcidin, ferritin, and sFe in response to 2 different exercise durations were compared. METHODS: Twelve women 19-32 yrs performed 2 treadmill runs (60 ...
Moreside Janice M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of 3 different exercise interventions plus a control group on passive hip range of motion (ROM). Previous research studies into methods of improving passive hip mobility have focused on stretching protocols aimed specifically at the hip joint. The effect of ...
Hooten W Michael - - 2012
Strength training and aerobic exercise have beneficial effects on pain in adults with fibromyalgia. However, the equivalence of strengthening and aerobic exercise has not been reported. The primary aim of this randomized equivalence trial involving patients with fibromyalgia admitted to an interdisciplinary pain treatment program was to test the hypothesis ...
Baert Ilse - - 2012
Baert I, Daly D, Dejaeger E, Vanroy C, Vanlandewijck Y, Feys H. Evolution of cardiorespiratory fitness after stroke: a 1-year follow-up study. Influence of prestroke patients' characteristics and stroke-related factors. OBJECTIVES: To examine changes in cardiorespiratory fitness over the first year poststroke and explore the effect of prestroke patients' characteristics ...
Caldwell Joanne N - - 2012
Individuals exposed to extreme heat may experience reduced physiological and cognitive performance, even during very light work. This can have disastrous effects on the operational capability of aircrew, but such impairment could be prevented by auxiliary cooling devices. This hypothesis was tested under very hot-dry conditions, in which eight males ...
Kovács Eva - - 2012
Aim: This study aimed to compare the effects of two exercise programs on balance and risk of falls in older women with age-related visual dysfunction. Methods: Participants living in a residential home were randomly allocated to Group I (n=21) receiving a progressive, tailored multimodal exercise program in addition to the ...
Freiberger Ellen - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term effects of three strength and balance exercise interventions on physical performance, fall-related psychological outcomes, and falls in older people. DESIGN: A single-blinded, four-group, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community, Germany. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling adults aged 70 to 90 who had fallen in the past 6 months or reported ...
Kipps Alaina K - - 2012
The clinical manifestations of Ebstein anomaly (EA) vary greatly; criteria for surgical intervention remain undefined. Decisions regarding surgical intervention in asymptomatic/mildly symptomatic patients would be helpfully informed by a detailed, quantitative understanding of the natural history of exercise intolerance in these patients. However, past studies of exercise function in EA ...
Pollock Ross D RD Centre of Human and Aerospace Physiological Sciences, King's College London, UK. - - 2012
To investigate the effects of whole-body vibration in addition to an exercise programme on functional mobility and related outcomes for frail older fallers. Single-blind randomized parallel group trial. UK; National Health Service assessment and rehabilitation facility for older people. Frail older fallers: 38 (80 ± 8.6 years) performed the exercise ...
Shaw R - - 2012
Secondary prevention programmes can be effective in reducing morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD). In particular, UK guidelines, including those from the Department of Health, emphasize physical activity. However, the effects of secondary prevention programmes with an exercise component are moderate and uptake is highly variable. In order ...
Graff-Iversen Sidsel - - 2012
Introduction. Clinical practice and the results of some studies may indicate that physical exercise in the form of endurance training may influence the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this paper is to evaluate the scientific background for the hypothesis that there is a connection between physical activity ...
Marioni Gino - - 2013
Patients with unilateral vestibular lesions have a set of deficits requiring compensation based on the inherent plasticity of the central nervous system. In the 1940s, it was reported that patients with unilateral vestibular dysfunctions who exercised recovered faster than those who did not. The present prospective, randomized investigation aimed to ...
Beer Alexi - - 2012
Deep cervical flexor (DCF) muscle impairment is common in patients with neck pain. Retraining function is often commenced with a motor relearning approach, requiring the patient to practice and hold a cranio-cervical flexion position in supine lying. Motor relearning requires multiple repetitions which is difficult to achieve if only exercising ...
Marshall Lucille C - - 2012
Marshall, LC and Wyon, MA. The effect of whole-body vibration on jump height and active range of movement in female dancers. J Strength Cond Res 26(X): 000-000, 2012-Whole-body vibration (WBV) has been shown to have beneficial effects on strength and power indices in sedentary and moderately trained individuals. The aim ...
Suzuki Takeki - - 2012
Lifestyle modifications such as exercise and diet interventions in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are widely regarded as important, but little is known about their frequency in clinical practice and their impact on all-cause mortality. The JCAD study is a cohort study of 13,812 patients with CAD (≥75% stenosis ...
Smith Alice C - - 2012
Physical inactivity is well recognised as a major health issue in today's society. Regular exercise is important in maintaining health and preventing chronic disease, it is increasingly accepted as a valuable therapeutic intervention in many long-term conditions. Unfortunately the role of physical activity in renal disease has been largely overlooked ...
Page Phil - - 2012
Stretching is a common activity used by athletes, older adults, rehabilitation patients, and anyone participating in a fitness program. While the benefits of stretching are known, controversy remains about the best type of stretching for a particular goal or outcome. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to discuss the ...
Kim Chul - - 2012
To evaluate the effects of power walking (PW) training on a treadmill in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and to compare the cardiovascular effects of PW with usual walking (UW). Patients were recruited as participants in phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation program after receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) due to ...
Conn Vicki S VS University of Missouri, S317 School of Nursing, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. - - 2012
This meta-analysis is a systematic compilation of research focusing on various exercise interventions and their impact on the health and behavior outcomes of healthy African American, Hispanic, Native American, and Native Hawaiian adults. Comprehensive searching located published and unpublished studies. Random-effects analyses synthesized data to calculate effect sizes (ES) as ...
Sañudo Borja B Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Seville, Seville, Spain. - - 2012
This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6-week "usual care" exercise program supplemented with whole-body vibration (WBV) to improve balance and strength in women with fibromyalgia (FM). This was a randomized controlled study. The setting was a physical therapy department in an academic setting. The subjects were 30 postmenopausal women ...
West Amy M AM Department of Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 2012
We hypothesized that percutaneous intervention in the affected lower extremity artery would improve calf muscle perfusion and cellular metabolism in patients with claudication and peripheral artery disease (PAD) as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS). Ten patients with symptomatic PAD (mean ± SD: age 57 ± 9 ...
Gibala Martin J - - 2012
Exercise training is a clinically proven, cost-effective, primary intervention that delays and in many cases prevents the health burdens associated with many chronic diseases. However, the precise type and dose of exercise needed to accrue health benefits is a contentious issue with no clear consensus recommendations for the prevention of ...
Kilbreath Sharon L - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine whether an exercise program, commencing 4-6 weeks post-operatively, reduces upper limb impairments in women treated for early breast cancer. Women (n = 160) were randomized to either an 8-week exercise program (n = 81) or to a control group (n = 79) following stratification for axillary surgery. The exercise ...
Uemura Kazuki - - 2012
Few studies have reported the effect of exercise intervention for improving postural control deficit in older adults at high risk of falling. We have developed a "Dual-task Switch Exercise (DSE)" program that focuses on gait initiation performance under the dual-task condition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether ...
Chorell Elin - - 2012
An excessive energy intake combined with a low level of physical activity induces detrimental processes involved in disease development, e.g. type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However the underlying mechanisms for regulation of metabolic capacity and fitness status remain unclear. Metabolomics involves global studies of the metabolic reactions in an ...
Heinonen Reetta - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Wireless and mobile phone technology as a method of data collection will increase alongside conventional methods. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of a mobile phone application for recording symptoms and physical activity exertion during an experimental physical exercise study. Material and Methods: ...
Santtila Matti - - 2012
Santtila, M, Häkkinen, K, Nindl, BC, and Kyröläinen, H. Cardiovascular and neuromuscular performance responses induced by 8 weeks of basic training followed by 8 weeks of specialized military training. J Strength Cond Res 26(X): 000-000, 2012-The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in cardiovascular and neuromuscular performances ...
Lepley Adam S - - 2012
Lepley, AS, Gribble, PA, and Pietrosimone, BG. Effects of electromyographic biofeedback on quadriceps strength: A systematic review. J Strength Cond Res 26(X): 000-000, 2012-Quadriceps strength is a vital component to lower extremity function and is often the focus in resistance training interventions and injury rehabilitation. Electromyographic biofeedback (EMGBF) is frequently ...
Mackenzie R - - 2012
Hypoxia and muscle contraction stimulate glucose transport activity in vitro. Exercise and hypoxia have additive effects on insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetics (T2D). The objective of the study was to examine the effectiveness of intermittent exercise with and without hypoxia on acute- and moderate-term glucose kinetics and insulin sensitivity ...
Church Jody - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of strategies designed to prevent falls among older people. Methods: A decision analytic Markov model of interventions designed to prevent falls was developed. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) using quality adjusted life year (QALYs) as the measure, were calculated for those interventions aimed at the general ...
Berg Aloys - - 2012
To determine the changes in endurance capacity as well as in metabolic, hormonal and inflammatory markers induced by endurance training combined with a soy,protein based supplement. Randomized controlled study consisting of moderate endurance training without (GO) or with (G1) a soy protein based supplement. Two groups of 15 subjects (10 ...
Allison Garry T - - 2012
SUMMARY OF: Vasseljen O et al (2012) Effect of core stability exercises on feedforward activation of deep abdominal muscles in chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial Spine 37: 1101-1108. [Prepared by Margreth Grotle and Kåre B Hagen, CAP Editors.] Does timing of abdominal muscle activation in response to ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >