Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1359
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Wells Cherie - - 2012
To describe Pilates exercise according to peer-reviewed literature, and compare definitions used in papers with healthy participants and those with low back pain. A systematic review of literature was conducted. A search for "pilates" within the maximal date ranges of the Cochrane Library, Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied ...
Pollo Antonella - - 2012
Although placebos have repeatedly been shown to increase physical performance and endurance, much less is known about the effect of their negative counterpart, nocebos. Here, we employ negative suggestions and a sham electrical stimulation as a nocebo conditioning procedure in healthy subjects performing a leg extension exercise to total exhaustion. ...
Gray Vicki L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: . In stroke rehabilitation, considerable emphasis is placed on improving muscle strength with less focus on the speed of movement. Muscle power (product of force and velocity) is essential for balance and mobility but velocity of movement is impaired after stroke. OBJECTIVE: . The purpose of this efficacy study ...
Chang Ting-Fang - - 2012
Objective: To investigate a new style of resistance exercise using elastic bands and explore its therapeutic effect on the lower-extremity function of female patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Design: A randomized, controlled clinical trial. Setting: University-affiliated medical center. Participants: Forty-one women with mild-to-moderate knee OA were randomly assigned ...
O'Leary Shaun - - 2012
O'Leary S, Jull G, Kim M, Uthaikhup S, Vicenzino B. Training mode-dependent changes in motor performance in neck pain. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether changes in motor performance after a course of exercise in patients with mechanical neck pain (MNP) were dependent on the primary behavioral demand of the exercise performed. ...
Peeling Peter - - 2012
Peeling, P, Fulton, S, Sim, M, and White, J. Recovery effects of hyperoxic gas inhalationor contrast water immersion on the postexercise cytokine response, perceptual recovery, and next day exercise performance. J Strength Cond Res 26(X): 000-000, 2012-The effect of different recovery modalities on the postexercise cytokine response, perceptual recovery, and ...
Cutovic Milisav - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate short- and long-term effects of structured exercise program in euthyroid patients with Graves' disease. Methods: The study employed a retrospective case-control design. The exercise group (n = 62) underwent 3 weeks of structured exercise program consisting of daily walking, strengthening, and stretching exercises while the control group (n = 62) participated ...
Hart Joseph M - - 2012
Objective: To compare strength and quadriceps muscle activation in anterior cruciate ligament-deficient patients who underwent a two-week rehabilitation exercise program using TENS or cryotherapy.Design: Randomized, controlled study.Setting: Clinical research laboratory.Subjects: Thirty patients: 20 males, 10 females, 31.6 (13.0) years, 172.8 (10.0) cm, 75.8 (13.0) kg with diagnosed tear of the ...
Langer D - - 2012
The effects of exercise training after lung transplantation have not been studied in a randomized controlled trial so far. We investigated whether 3 months of supervised training, initiated immediately after hospital discharge, improve functional recovery and cardiovascular morbidity of patients up to 1 year after lung transplantation. Patients older than ...
Ekstrand Laura G - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine if performing a morning total-body resistance exercise workout affects explosive power in an afternoon session. The secondary goal was to assess the usefulness of the backwards overhead shot throw (BOST) as a measure of explosive power in experienced thrower in the sport ...
Hibberd Elizabeth E - - 2012
CONTEXT: Shoulder injuries are common in swimmers because of the demands of the sport. Muscle imbalances frequently exist due to the biomechanics of the sport, which predispose swimmers to injury. To date, an effective shoulder injury prevention program for competitive swimmers has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness ...
Paolillo Fernanda Rossi - - 2012
Reduced aerobic fitness is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases among the older population. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of LED irradiation (850 nm) applied during treadmill training on the maximal exercise tolerance in postmenopausal women. At the beginning of the study, 45 ...
Iversen Maura Daly - - 2012
Osteoarthritis (OA) results in progressive destruction of articular cartilage and bone at the joint margins, leading to impairments extending far beyond the synovial joint. Rehabilitation interventions that target specific impairments and activity restrictions can help restore independence and promote healthy living. Such interventions include exercise, physical modalities (ice, heat, ultrasonography), ...
Makhlough Atieh - - 2012
Introduction. We aimed determine the impact of an 8-week intradialytic exercise program, consisting of 15 minutes of cumulative duration low-intensity exercise during the first 2 hours of dialysis on serum electrolytes levels and hemoglobin. Materials and Methods. In a randomized controlled trial of in an outpatient hemodialysis unit, clinically stable ...
Brdareski Zorica - - 2012
Regular physical activity and exercise improves quality of life and possibly reduces risk of disease relapse and prolongs survival in breast cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a 3-week moderate intensity aerobic training, on aerobic capacity (VO2max) in breast cancer survivors. A prospective, ...
Rhodes Ryan E - - 2012
The promotion of dog walking among owners who do not walk their dogs regularly may be a viable physical activity intervention aperture, yet research is very limited and no intervention studies have employed control groups. Therefore, the purpose of this pilot study was to examine the viability of dog walking ...
Oliver Samuel J - - 2012
Abstract Oliver, Samuel J., Petra Golja, Jamie H. Macdonald. Carbohydrate supplementation and exercise performance at high altitude: a randomized controlled trial. High Alt. Med. Biol. 13:22-31.-Acute carbohydrate supplementation decreases effort perception and increases endurance exercise capacity at sea level. It also improves laboratory-based endurance performance at altitude. However, the effect ...
Amon Mojca - - 2012
Abstract Amon, Mojca, Michail E. Keramidas, Stylianos N. Kounalakis, Igor B. Mekjavic. The effect of a sleep high-train low regimen on the finger cold-induced vasodilation response. High Alt. Med. Biol. 13:32-39.-The present study evaluated the effect of a sleep high-train low regimen on the finger cold-induced vasodilation (CIVD) response. Seventeen ...
Wimer Gregory S - - 2012
This study used cross-sectional and longitudinal training research designs to determine if (a) exercise hyperemia is enhanced in exercise-trained forearms and (b) sympathetic vasoconstriction of the trained forearm is attenuated (sympatholysis) during handgrip exercise. In the cross-sectional comparison, 10 rock climbers, 10 runners, 10 controls participated while the longitudinal training ...
Ciliberti Paolo - - 2012
Despite advancements in surgical techniques over the past 20 years, Fontan patients have decreased exercise capacity as a consequence of an inherent inability to adequately increase cardiac output during exercise. They are also affected by several complications that are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. As the systemic and pulmonary ...
Angioi Manuela - - 2012
Within aesthetic sports such as figure skating and rhythmic gymnastics, physical fitness has been shown to have positive benefits on performance outcomes. Presently the link between physical fitness and aesthetic contemporary dance performance has not been demonstrated within an intervention study. In this study, 24 females engaged in contemporary dance ...
Iversen Maura Daly - - 2012
Osteoarthritis (OA) results in progressive destruction of articular cartilage and bone at the joint margins, leading to impairments extending far beyond the synovial joint. Rehabilitation interventions that target specific impairments and activity restrictions can help restore independence and promote healthy living. Such interventions include exercise, physical modalities (ice, heat, ultrasonography), ...
Sukala William R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To review clinical trials that have prescribed exercise training in high-risk, ethnic populations with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and delineate areas for future research. METHOD: A systematic review using computerized databases was performed. RESULTS: The systematic review located nine trials, including four uncontrolled trials, and five randomized controlled ...
Zhao Wen-Wen - - 2012
To investigate the effects of hypoxia acclimation, exercise training and fasting on the swimming performance of juvenile qingbo (Spinibarbus sinensis), we measured the critical swimming speed (U (crit)), resting and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) of control, hypoxia-acclimated, exercise-acclimated and fasting fish at 25°C. The muscle and plasma metabolites before ...
Kilding A E - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of hyperoxic-supplemented interval training on endurance performance. Using a single-blind, randomised control-trial design, 16 well-trained cyclists were randomly assigned to either hyperoxic or normoxic training. Participants visited the laboratory twice per week, for 4 weeks, to perform high-intensity interval training ...
Bandholm Thomas - - 2012
Bandholm T, Kehlet H. Physiotherapy exercise after fast-track total hip and knee arthroplasty: time for reconsideration? Major surgery, including total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA), is followed by a convalescence period, during which the loss of muscle strength and function is considerable, especially early after surgery. In ...
Budde Henning - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Regular physical activity participation seems to be linked to brain metabolism and to be one factor responsible for different effects of high intensity exercise on cognition. Due to this, we investigated the effect of an intermittent maximal exercise intervention on a neuropsychological test requiring sustained and selective ...
Stafne Signe N - - 2012
Objective. To study lumbopelvic pain in women randomized to a regular exercise program during pregnancy compared to women receiving standard antenatal care. Design. A two-armed, two center randomized controlled trial. Setting. St. Olavs Hospital Trondheim University Hospital and Stavanger University Hospital. Population. A total of 855 pregnant women were randomized ...
Escalante Yolanda - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of different physical exercise interventions on the lipid profile (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), and triglycerides (TG)) of obese children. METHOD: A computerized search was made of seven databases using keywords. Effect ...
Wiegand Gesa - - 2012
In the majority of patients, secundum atrial septal defects (ASDs) are treated interventionally or surgically, before the onset of clinical symptoms, between 3 and 6 years of age. Because right-ventricular dimensions usually normalize after ASD closure, it has been assumed that cardiac function and exercise performance also normalize at long-term follow-up. ...
Gault Mandy Lucinda - - 2012
Age-associated decline in muscle mass and strength impairs functional mobility in older adults. We examined the effects of an eccentric endurance exercise programme (downhill treadmill walking, DTW) at a self-selected walking speed (SSWS) on functional mobility and eccentric and concentric strength of m. quadriceps femoris of older adults. Twenty-four older ...
Grisbrook T L - - 2012
PURPOSE: Pulmonary function (PF) is compromised in some individuals following burn, which may result in impaired aerobic capacity. Exercise training improves PF and exercise capacity in children recovering from burns, yet it is unknown if adults will demonstrate the same response. PROCEDURES: 9 burn injured participants (%TBSA 42 ±18.38, 6.56 ...
Hastings Jeffrey L JL Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas, Dallas, TX 75231, - - 2012
This study examined the effectiveness of a short-duration but high-intensity exercise countermeasure in combination with a novel oral volume load in preventing bed rest deconditioning and orthostatic intolerance. Bed rest reduces work capacity and orthostatic tolerance due in part to cardiac atrophy and decreased stroke volume. Twenty seven healthy subjects ...
Kim Ji-Hee - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While performing respiratory training, an elastic chest band has great benefits for clinical use due to its safety and easy application. However, to our knowledge, there is no published data on the clinical use of an elastic chest band into inspiratory training for people with limited rib ...
Otto William H - - 2012
The present study compared the effects of six weeks of weightlifting plus traditional heavy resistance training exercises vs. kettlebell training on strength, power, and anthropometric measures. Thirty males were randomly assigned to one of two groups: 1) weightlifting (n = 13; mean ± SD, age: 22.92 ± 1.98 y; body ...
Newlin Mia K - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of acute exercise on serum hepcidin and iron (sFe) in active women. Changes in Interluekin-6 (IL-6), hepcidin, ferritin, and sFe in response to 2 different exercise durations were compared. METHODS: Twelve women 19-32 yrs performed 2 treadmill runs (60 ...
Moreside Janice M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of 3 different exercise interventions plus a control group on passive hip range of motion (ROM). Previous research studies into methods of improving passive hip mobility have focused on stretching protocols aimed specifically at the hip joint. The effect of ...
Hooten W Michael - - 2012
Strength training and aerobic exercise have beneficial effects on pain in adults with fibromyalgia. However, the equivalence of strengthening and aerobic exercise has not been reported. The primary aim of this randomized equivalence trial involving patients with fibromyalgia admitted to an interdisciplinary pain treatment program was to test the hypothesis ...
Baert Ilse - - 2012
Baert I, Daly D, Dejaeger E, Vanroy C, Vanlandewijck Y, Feys H. Evolution of cardiorespiratory fitness after stroke: a 1-year follow-up study. Influence of prestroke patients' characteristics and stroke-related factors. OBJECTIVES: To examine changes in cardiorespiratory fitness over the first year poststroke and explore the effect of prestroke patients' characteristics ...
Caldwell Joanne N - - 2012
Individuals exposed to extreme heat may experience reduced physiological and cognitive performance, even during very light work. This can have disastrous effects on the operational capability of aircrew, but such impairment could be prevented by auxiliary cooling devices. This hypothesis was tested under very hot-dry conditions, in which eight males ...
Kovács Eva - - 2012
Aim: This study aimed to compare the effects of two exercise programs on balance and risk of falls in older women with age-related visual dysfunction. Methods: Participants living in a residential home were randomly allocated to Group I (n=21) receiving a progressive, tailored multimodal exercise program in addition to the ...
Freiberger Ellen - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term effects of three strength and balance exercise interventions on physical performance, fall-related psychological outcomes, and falls in older people. DESIGN: A single-blinded, four-group, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community, Germany. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling adults aged 70 to 90 who had fallen in the past 6 months or reported ...
Kipps Alaina K - - 2012
The clinical manifestations of Ebstein anomaly (EA) vary greatly; criteria for surgical intervention remain undefined. Decisions regarding surgical intervention in asymptomatic/mildly symptomatic patients would be helpfully informed by a detailed, quantitative understanding of the natural history of exercise intolerance in these patients. However, past studies of exercise function in EA ...
Pollock Ross D - - 2012
Objectives: To investigate the effects of whole-body vibration in addition to an exercise programme on functional mobility and related outcomes for frail older fallers.Design: Single-blind randomized parallel group trial.Setting: UK; National Health Service assessment and rehabilitation facility for older people.Participants: Frail older fallers: 38 (80 ± 8.6 years) performed the ...
Sañudo Borja - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6-week "usual care" exercise program supplemented with whole-body vibration (WBV) to improve balance and strength in women with fibromyalgia (FM). Design: This was a randomized controlled study. Settings: The setting was a physical therapy department in an academic setting. Subjects: The ...
Shaw R - - 2012
Secondary prevention programmes can be effective in reducing morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD). In particular, UK guidelines, including those from the Department of Health, emphasize physical activity. However, the effects of secondary prevention programmes with an exercise component are moderate and uptake is highly variable. In order ...
Graff-Iversen Sidsel - - 2012
Introduction. Clinical practice and the results of some studies may indicate that physical exercise in the form of endurance training may influence the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this paper is to evaluate the scientific background for the hypothesis that there is a connection between physical activity ...
Marioni Gino - - 2013
Patients with unilateral vestibular lesions have a set of deficits requiring compensation based on the inherent plasticity of the central nervous system. In the 1940s, it was reported that patients with unilateral vestibular dysfunctions who exercised recovered faster than those who did not. The present prospective, randomized investigation aimed to ...
Beer Alexi - - 2012
Deep cervical flexor (DCF) muscle impairment is common in patients with neck pain. Retraining function is often commenced with a motor relearning approach, requiring the patient to practice and hold a cranio-cervical flexion position in supine lying. Motor relearning requires multiple repetitions which is difficult to achieve if only exercising ...
Marshall Lucille C - - 2012
Marshall, LC and Wyon, MA. The effect of whole-body vibration on jump height and active range of movement in female dancers. J Strength Cond Res 26(X): 000-000, 2012-Whole-body vibration (WBV) has been shown to have beneficial effects on strength and power indices in sedentary and moderately trained individuals. The aim ...
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