Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1393
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Ruchat S-M - - 2012
Walking is the most popular activity during pregnancy and may confer an aerobic benefit. However, the minimum intensity threshold of a maternal walking program for an aerobic conditioning response is unknown. The purpose was to examine the effect of a walking program of a low-intensity (LI, 30% heart rate reserve, ...
von Thiele Schwarz Ulrica - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the effects of physical exercise during work hours (PE) and reduced work hours (RWH) on direct and indirect costs associated with sickness absence (SA). METHODS:: Sickness absence and related costs at six workplaces, matched and randomized to three conditions (PE, RWH, and referents), were retrieved from company ...
Pietrosimone Brian G - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Recent rehabilitation paradigms have suggested that improving voluntary muscle activation may optimize strength outcomes related to resistance training. The aim of this study was to determine if changes in voluntary quadriceps activation could predict changes in quadriceps strength following a 4 week therapeutic exercise regimen. METHOD: Thirty-six participants with ...
Moore Robert D - - 2012
Abstract Although anecdotal reports suggest that information processing and decision making is impaired immediately following prolonged periods of physical activity, results obtained from laboratory studies of exercise-induced fatigue have been inconsistent. Fatigue effects may be task specific and related to the time of post-exercise testing. The present study examined the ...
Nascimento Carla M C - - 2012
To analyze the influence of a six-month exercise program on neuropsychiatric disorders and on the performance of instrumental activities in elderly patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The study included 20 patients with AD in the mild to moderate stages of the Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) divided into two groups: the ...
Vogler Constance M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To measure the extent to which improved sensorimotor function and balance resulting from a 12-week exercise intervention were retained 12 weeks after exercise cessation in older adults recently discharged from hospital. DESIGN: Randomized-controlled trial with reassessment 12 weeks post exercise cessation SETTING: Home-based exercises PARTICIPANTS: 180 adults aged 65 ...
Beckitt Tim A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms underlying the symptomatic improvement witnessed as a result of exercise training in intermittent claudication remain unclear. There is no reproducible evidence to support increased limb blood flow resulting from neovascularization. Changes in oxygenation of active muscles as a result of blood redistribution are hypothesized but unproven. This ...
Peddle-McIntyre Carolyn J - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Short-term supervised exercise interventions improve health-related fitness in lung cancer survivors; however, sustained exercise is required to maintain the health benefits. The impact of exercise interventions on motivational outcomes may be important for long-term exercise adoption. OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this study was to examine the effects of a ...
Hsu Hsin-Tien - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Although exercise is a recommended rehabilitation intervention for many breast cancer survivors, exercise activity after cancer treatment is rarely reported in this patient group in Taiwan. OBJECTIVE:: The objectives of this study were to analyze trends in exercise activity in breast cancer survivors in Taiwan. INTERVENTIONS/METHODS:: This prospective, longitudinal ...
Ayán Carlos - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: to compare the effects of two different water based exercise training programs on functional mobility, motor symptoms and quality of life on patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease (PD). DESIGN: Matched, controlled, pilot study. SETTING: Outpatients, Parkinson's disease Center of Bueu -Galicia (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: Twenty one patients with ...
Marzolini Susan - - 2012
PURPOSE:: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has been recommended to provide exercise guidance poststroke. However, it has not been established whether minimal exercise training levels, sufficient for obtaining health benefits, can be attained in CR. Therefore, we assessed the ability of stroke patients to achieve recommended exercise levels during a single standard ...
Ritt Luiz Eduardo - - 2012
PURPOSE:: While patients with heart failure who achieve a peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2) of 10 mL·kg·min or less are often considered for intensive surveillance or intervention, those achieving 14 mL·kg·min or more are generally considered to be at lower risk. Among patients in the "intermediate" range of 10.1 to ...
Kamegaya Tadahiko - - 2012
Aim:  Japan is one of the most rapidly aging societies in the world. Measures to prevent dementia are urgently required in Japan, although such strategies have not yet been established. This study investigated the effectiveness of a pleasant physical exercise intervention on the prevention of cognitive decline in community-dwelling elderly ...
Dennison Katie J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Dennison, KJ, Mullineaux, DR, Yates, JW, and Abel, MG. The effect of fatigue and training status on firefighter performance. J Strength Cond Res 26(4): 1101-1109, 2012-Firefighting is a strenuous occupation that requires optimal levels of physical fitness. The National Fire Protection Association suggests that firefighters should be allowed to ...
Swardfager Walter - - 2012
Inflammatory activity plays a role in the development and progression of coronary artery disease (CAD), and exercise confers survival benefit. We performed a meta-analysis of changes in inflammatory biomarkers over the course of exercise interventions in patients with CAD. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Collaboration, AMED, and CINAHL for ...
Murphy Margaret - - 2012
Nitrate ingestion improves exercise performance; however, it has also been linked to adverse health effects, except when consumed in the form of vegetables. The purpose of this study was to determine, in a double-blind crossover study, whether whole beetroot consumption, as a means for increasing nitrate intake, improves endurance exercise ...
Kotz Tamar - - 2012
To assess the efficacy of prophylactic swallowing exercises on swallowing function in patients undergoing chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for head and neck cancer. Randomized controlled trial. Tertiary care, academic medical center. Twenty-six patients with head and neck cancer receiving CRT. Patients performed 5 targeted swallowing exercises throughout their CRT and participated ...
Gómez-Cabello A - - 2012
It is widely recognized that the risk of fractures is closely related to the typical decline in bone mass during the ageing process in both women and men. Exercise has been reported as one of the best non-pharmacological ways to improve bone mass throughout life. However, not all exercise regimens ...
Behm David - - 2012
WHILE THE POPULARITY OF INSTABILITY RESISTANCE TRAINING (RESISTANCE TRAINING THAT INVOLVES THE USE OF UNSTABLE SURFACES AND DEVICES: IRT) is evident in fitness training facilities, its effectiveness for optimal sport performance training has been questioned. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to explore the resistance training literature, which implements ...
Gast Ulf - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of a short duration, three times weekly, high-load resistive exercise program on preventing deterioration in neuromuscular function after prolonged bed rest. METHODS: Twenty-four male subjects performed high-load resistive exercise (RE; n=8), high-load resistive exercise with whole-body vibration (RVE; n=9) or no exercise (control, n=9) during ...
Winkelman Chris C Case Western Reserve University, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, 10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44016, USA. - - 2012
Determining the optimal timing and progression of mobility exercise has the potential to affect functional recovery of critically ill adults. This study compared standard care with care delivered using a mobility protocol. We examined the effects of exercise on vital signs and inflammatory biomarkers and the effects of the nurse-initiated ...
Gardner Andrew W AW General Clinical Research Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73117, USA. - - 2012
This prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial determined whether an optimal exercise program length exists to efficaciously change claudication onset time (COT) and peak walking time (PWT) in patients with peripheral artery disease and claudication. The study randomized 142 patients to supervised exercise (n = 106) or a usual care control ...
Atamaz Funda C - - 2012
Atamaz FC, Durmaz B, Baydar M, Demircioglu OY, Iyiyapici A, Kuran B, Oncel S, Sendur OF. Comparison of the efficacy of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, interferential currents, and shortwave diathermy in knee osteoarthritis: a double-blind, randomized, controlled, multicenter study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), ...
McKeough Zoe J - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of arm endurance training, arm strength training, a combination of arm endurance and strength training, and no arm training on endurance arm exercise capacity. A randomised controlled trial was undertaken with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease subjects randomised into one of ...
Mikkelsen Lone R - - 2012
Background and Purpose. Despite a successful surgical procedure, deficits in muscle strength and physical function are documented 1-2 years after total hip replacement (THR). There is a lack of evidence concerning which rehabilitation strategy is the most effective after THR. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the feasibility ...
Bahrami Fatimah - - 2012
The effects of 14 weeks of Kata techniques training on stereotypic behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) were investigated. The study included 30 eligible (diagnosed ASD, school age) children with ages ranging from 5 to 16 years whom they assigned to an exercise (n=15) or a no-exercise control ...
Miossi Renata - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a three-month exercise training program in counteracting the chronotropic incompetence and delayed heart rate recovery in patients with systemic lupus erythemathosus. METHODS: A 12-wk, randomized trial was conducted. Twenty four inactive SLE patients were randomly assigned into two groups: trained (T, n=15, three-month exercise ...
Freyssin Céline - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of an 8 week high-intensity interval training protocol versus continuous training. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial SETTING: Cardiac rehabilitation center PARTICIPANTS: 26 patients (54 ± 12 years) with chronic heart failure were enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation program for 8 weeks. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly assigned into ...
Michelsen M M MM Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. - - 2012
Exercise protects against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury but the mechanism remains unclear. Protection can be transferred from a remotely preconditioned human donor to an isolated perfused rabbit heart using a dialysate of plasma. We hypothesized that physical exercise preconditioning also confers cardioprotection through a humorally mediated effector dependent on opioid ...
Gray Vicki L - - 2012
BackgroundPostural responses are impaired after stroke with reduced and/or delayed muscle activity in the paretic leg muscles.ObjectiveThe efficacy of exercises emphasizing speed of movement in modifying postural responses to perturbations that were not practiced was investigated.DesignDual cohort design. METHODS:/b>A convenience sample of 32 subjects post-stroke with hemiparesis (11.3 (4.1) weeks ...
Sugawara Jun - - 2012
BackgroundLifestyle modification (i.e., regular physical activity and diet) is effective in preventing the age-related increase in cardiovascular disease risks. Potential therapeutic effects of curcumin (diferuloylmethane) have been confirmed on various diseases, including cancer and Alzheimer's disease, but the effects of curcumin have not been tested on central arterial hemodynamics. The ...
Jerome Gerald J - - 2012
This pilot study investigated the association of self-efficacy with enrollment in and compliance with an 8-week exercise trial. We compared self-efficacy levels of adults who were eligible but did not enroll (N=221) to those who enrolled (N=115) and enrollees who were compliant at the end of the study (N=66). Those ...
Wells Cherie - - 2012
To describe Pilates exercise according to peer-reviewed literature, and compare definitions used in papers with healthy participants and those with low back pain. A systematic review of literature was conducted. A search for "pilates" within the maximal date ranges of the Cochrane Library, Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied ...
Pollo Antonella - - 2012
Although placebos have repeatedly been shown to increase physical performance and endurance, much less is known about the effect of their negative counterpart, nocebos. Here, we employ negative suggestions and a sham electrical stimulation as a nocebo conditioning procedure in healthy subjects performing a leg extension exercise to total exhaustion. ...
Gray Vicki L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: . In stroke rehabilitation, considerable emphasis is placed on improving muscle strength with less focus on the speed of movement. Muscle power (product of force and velocity) is essential for balance and mobility but velocity of movement is impaired after stroke. OBJECTIVE: . The purpose of this efficacy study ...
Chang Ting-Fang - - 2012
Objective: To investigate a new style of resistance exercise using elastic bands and explore its therapeutic effect on the lower-extremity function of female patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Design: A randomized, controlled clinical trial. Setting: University-affiliated medical center. Participants: Forty-one women with mild-to-moderate knee OA were randomly assigned ...
O'Leary Shaun - - 2012
O'Leary S, Jull G, Kim M, Uthaikhup S, Vicenzino B. Training mode-dependent changes in motor performance in neck pain. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether changes in motor performance after a course of exercise in patients with mechanical neck pain (MNP) were dependent on the primary behavioral demand of the exercise performed. ...
Peeling Peter - - 2012
Peeling, P, Fulton, S, Sim, M, and White, J. Recovery effects of hyperoxic gas inhalationor contrast water immersion on the postexercise cytokine response, perceptual recovery, and next day exercise performance. J Strength Cond Res 26(X): 000-000, 2012-The effect of different recovery modalities on the postexercise cytokine response, perceptual recovery, and ...
Cutovic Milisav - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate short- and long-term effects of structured exercise program in euthyroid patients with Graves' disease. Methods: The study employed a retrospective case-control design. The exercise group (n = 62) underwent 3 weeks of structured exercise program consisting of daily walking, strengthening, and stretching exercises while the control group (n = 62) participated ...
Hart Joseph M JM University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA. - - 2012
To compare strength and quadriceps muscle activation in anterior cruciate ligament-deficient patients who underwent a two-week rehabilitation exercise program using TENS or cryotherapy. Randomized, controlled study. Clinical research laboratory. Thirty patients: 20 males, 10 females, 31.6 (13.0) years, 172.8 (10.0) cm, 75.8 (13.0) kg with diagnosed tear of the anterior ...
Langer D - - 2012
The effects of exercise training after lung transplantation have not been studied in a randomized controlled trial so far. We investigated whether 3 months of supervised training, initiated immediately after hospital discharge, improve functional recovery and cardiovascular morbidity of patients up to 1 year after lung transplantation. Patients older than ...
Ekstrand Laura G - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine if performing a morning total-body resistance exercise workout affects explosive power in an afternoon session. The secondary goal was to assess the usefulness of the backwards overhead shot throw (BOST) as a measure of explosive power in experienced thrower in the sport ...
Hibberd Elizabeth E - - 2012
CONTEXT: Shoulder injuries are common in swimmers because of the demands of the sport. Muscle imbalances frequently exist due to the biomechanics of the sport, which predispose swimmers to injury. To date, an effective shoulder injury prevention program for competitive swimmers has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness ...
Paolillo Fernanda Rossi - - 2012
Reduced aerobic fitness is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases among the older population. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of LED irradiation (850 nm) applied during treadmill training on the maximal exercise tolerance in postmenopausal women. At the beginning of the study, 45 ...
Iversen Maura Daly - - 2012
Osteoarthritis (OA) results in progressive destruction of articular cartilage and bone at the joint margins, leading to impairments extending far beyond the synovial joint. Rehabilitation interventions that target specific impairments and activity restrictions can help restore independence and promote healthy living. Such interventions include exercise, physical modalities (ice, heat, ultrasonography), ...
Makhlough Atieh - - 2012
Introduction. We aimed determine the impact of an 8-week intradialytic exercise program, consisting of 15 minutes of cumulative duration low-intensity exercise during the first 2 hours of dialysis on serum electrolytes levels and hemoglobin. Materials and Methods. In a randomized controlled trial of in an outpatient hemodialysis unit, clinically stable ...
Brdareski Zorica - - 2012
Regular physical activity and exercise improves quality of life and possibly reduces risk of disease relapse and prolongs survival in breast cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a 3-week moderate intensity aerobic training, on aerobic capacity (VO2max) in breast cancer survivors. A prospective, ...
Rhodes Ryan E - - 2012
The promotion of dog walking among owners who do not walk their dogs regularly may be a viable physical activity intervention aperture, yet research is very limited and no intervention studies have employed control groups. Therefore, the purpose of this pilot study was to examine the viability of dog walking ...
Oliver Samuel J - - 2012
Abstract Oliver, Samuel J., Petra Golja, Jamie H. Macdonald. Carbohydrate supplementation and exercise performance at high altitude: a randomized controlled trial. High Alt. Med. Biol. 13:22-31.-Acute carbohydrate supplementation decreases effort perception and increases endurance exercise capacity at sea level. It also improves laboratory-based endurance performance at altitude. However, the effect ...
Amon Mojca - - 2012
Abstract Amon, Mojca, Michail E. Keramidas, Stylianos N. Kounalakis, Igor B. Mekjavic. The effect of a sleep high-train low regimen on the finger cold-induced vasodilation response. High Alt. Med. Biol. 13:32-39.-The present study evaluated the effect of a sleep high-train low regimen on the finger cold-induced vasodilation (CIVD) response. Seventeen ...
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