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Pedersen Mette Merete - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Continuous neck and shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal complaint. Physical exercise can reduce pain symptoms, but compliance to exercise is a challenge. Exercise-specific self-efficacy has been found to be a predictor of participation in preplanned exercise. Little is known about the influence of exercise-specific self-efficacy on compliance to ...
Gunnarsson T P - - 2012
PURPOSE: The present study examined the effect of additional speed-endurance training during the season on muscle adaptations and performance of trained soccer players. METHODS: Eighteen sub-elite soccer players performed one session with 6-9 30-s intervals at an intensity of 90-95 % ofmaximal intensity (speed endurance training; SET) a week for ...
Yanagisawa O - - 2012
To evaluate the effects of cooling between exercise sessions on intramuscular water movement and muscle performance, the lower extremities of nine untrained men were assigned to either a cooling protocol (20-min water immersion, 15 °C) or a noncooling protocol. Each subject performed two exercise sessions involving maximal concentric knee extension and ...
Fjeldsoe Brianna S - - 2012
Objective: To explore whether improvements in physical activity following the MobileMums intervention were mediated by changes in Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) constructs targeted in the intervention (barrier self efficacy, goal setting skills, outcome expectancy, social support, and perceived environmental opportunity for exercise). This paper also examined if the mediating constructs ...
Antunes Eva Bolle - - 2012
Gerodontology 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2012.00638.x Effects of the head lift exercise on the swallow function: a systematic review Objective:  Ageing is associated with modifications in upper oesophageal sphincter function that may be deleterious to deglutition. The head lift exercise (Shaker exercise) is a head-raising work out aiming to improve the opening ...
Treviño Rose A - - 2012
Qualitative data was collected from Mexican-American (MA) and Puerto Rican (PR) breast cancer survivors to gain their perspectives on the relevant issues surrounding breast cancer survivorship and exercise. Six focus groups, a total of 31 participants were convened (three in Puerto Rico and three in Texas). Responses were analyzed and ...
Dobrosielski Devon A - - 2012
Increased blood pressure (BP) in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) markedly increases cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality risk compared to having increased BP alone. To investigate whether exercise reduces suboptimal levels of untreated suboptimal BP or treated hypertension. Prospective, randomized controlled trial for 6 months. Single center in Baltimore, MD, USA. ...
Kiviniemi A M - - 2012
AIM: This study tested the hypothesis that non-α-adrenergic mechanisms contribute to systemic vascular conductance (SVC) in a reflex-specific manner during the sympathoexcitatory manoeuvres. METHODS: Twelve healthy subjects underwent lower-body negative pressure (LBNP, -40 mmHg) as well as static handgrip exercise (HG, 20% of maximal force) followed by post-exercise forearm circulatory occlusion ...
Hottenrott Kuno - - 2012
We investigated whether an athlete's self-chosen nutrition strategy (A), compared with a scientifically determined one (S), led to an improved endurance performance in a laboratory time trial after an endurance exercise. S consisted of about 1000 mL·h(-1) fluid, in portions of 250 mL every 15 min, 0.5 g sodium·L(-1), 60 g glucose·h(-1), 30 g fructose·h(-1), and ...
Tracy Brian L - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: There has been relatively little longitudinal, controlled investigation of the effects of yoga on general physical fitness, despite the widespread participation in this form of exercise. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the effect of short-term Bikram™ yoga training on general physical fitness. Young healthy adults ...
Burtscher Martin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To study protective effects of windbreaker jacket and pants during exercise in the cold. DESIGN:: Randomized pilot study. SETTING:: Climate chamber. PARTICIPANTS:: Nine well-trained (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max 61.7 ± 6.6 mL/min/kg) sport students (6 male and 3 female participants). INTERVENTIONS:: Subjects started walking for 1 hour in a climate ...
Lam Linda C W - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of Chinese-style mind-body exercise (24 forms simplified Tai Chi) versus stretching and toning exercise in the maintenance of cognitive abilities in Chinese elders at risk of cognitive decline. DESIGN: A 1-year single-blind cluster randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS: Community centers and residential homes for elders in ...
Heidbuchel Hein H University of Leuven, Leuven, - - 2013
Sports cardiology is a new and rapidly evolving subspecialty. It aims to elucidate the cardiovascular effects of regular exercise and delineate its benefits and risks, so that safe guidance can be provided to all individuals engaging in sports and/or physical activity in order to attain the maximum potential benefit at ...
Lake Jason - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: The aim of this study was to establish the effect that kettlebell swing training (KB) had on measures of maximum (half squat-HS-1RM) and explosive (vertical jump height-VJH) strength. To put these effects into context they were compared to the effects of jump squat power training (JS-known to improve 1RM ...
Carpenter K C - - 2012
Strenuous aerobic exercise is known to weaken the immune system, and while many nutritional supplements have been proposed to boost post-exercise immunity, few are known to be effective. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether 10 d of supplementation with a defined source of baker's yeast β-glucan (BG, ...
Wilson Jacob M - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: There is no clear agreement regarding the ideal combination of factors needed to optimize Post Activation Potentiation (PAP) following a conditioning activity. Therefore a meta analysis was conducted to evaluate the effects of training status, volume, rest period length, conditioning activity, and gender on power augmentation due to PAP. ...
Wada Satoko - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the jaw opening exercise on decreased upper esophageal sphincter opening while swallowing. STUDY DESIGN: Intervention study: before - after trial with four weeks follow-up evaluation. SETTING: Nihon University School of Dentistry Dental Hospital PARTICIPANTS: Subjects were eight patients with dysphagia (seven men, one woman; ...
Wolin Kathleen Y - - 2012
In 2009, the American College of Sports Medicine convened an expert roundtable to issue guidelines on exercise for cancer survivors. This multidisciplinary group evaluated the strength of the evidence for the safety and benefits of exercise as a therapeutic intervention for survivors. The panel concluded that exercise is safe and ...
Smith Alexandra C - - 2012
Cardiorespiratory fitness programs are increasingly used in stroke rehabilitation. Maximal oxygen uptake is the gold standard measurement of cardiorespiratory fitness; however, no recent publications have collated evidence about maximal oxygen uptake levels following stroke. We therefore performed a systematic review of maximal oxygen uptake in stroke survivors, aiming to observe ...
Cima Stephanie Robinson - - 2012
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory and chronic disease of joints, which may result in irreversible deformities. To evaluate the effects of an exercise programme aimed at improving the hand strength in individuals with hand deformities resulting from RA and to analyse the impact these exercises have on functionality. ...
Yamada Minoru - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In Japan, older adults are assessed by frailty checklist for care prevention. However, the effect of care prevention programs in community-dwelling frail older adults is still unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the care prevention program would reduce care and disability and to measure ...
Kline Christopher E CE Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States. - - 2013
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) predisposes individuals to cardiovascular morbidity, and cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) markers prognostic for cardiovascular disease have been found to be abnormal in adults with OSA. Due to the persistence of OSA and its cardiovascular consequences, whether the cardiovascular adaptations normally conferred by exercise are blunted in ...
Gielen Stephan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Muscle wasting occurs both in chronic heart failure (CHF) and in normal aging and contributes to exercise intolerance and increased morbidity/mortality. However, the molecular mechanisms of muscle atrophy in CHF and their interaction with aging are still largely unknown. We therefore measured the activation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) ...
Macananey Oscar - - 2012
Supervised exercise (SE) in patients with type 2 diabetes improves oxygen uptake kinetics at the onset of exercise. Maintenance of these improvements, however, has not been examined when supervision is removed. We explored if potential improvements in oxygen uptake kinetics following a 12-week SE that combined aerobic and resistance training ...
Sullivan Jane E - - 2012
Background: Sensory amplitude electrical stimulation (SES) and repetitive task practice reduce impairments and arm dysfunction when delivered separately following stroke.Objective: To determine if home-based, task-specific arm exercise was more effective when administered concurrent with SES.Methods: Thirty-eight subjects with chronic stroke and mean Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) score 28/66 (15-45) participated. Subjects ...
Dai Yang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Calorie restriction and endurance exercise are known robust lifestyle modifications that delay the onset of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome, however, its protective mechanism needs to be elucidated. METHODS: To investigate the role of adiponectin in lifestyle modifications, male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into groups of caloric restriction, ...
Gregory D A - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of running with a jogging stroller (JS) on oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). This study included 2 parts: Part 1 involved participants (N=15) running on an indoor track and Part 2 involved participants ...
Maesako Masato - - 2012
Accumulating evidence suggests that some dietary patterns, specifically high fat diet (HFD), increase the risk of developing sporadic Alzheimer disease (AD). Thus, interventions targeting HFD-induced metabolic dysfunctions may be effective in preventing the development of AD. We previously demonstrated that amyloid precursor protein (APP)-overexpressing transgenic mice fed HFD showed worsening ...
Chan Weili - - 2012
Context Mood disorders are prevalent in people after stroke, and a disorder's onset can exacerbate stroke-related disabilities. While evidence supports the mental-health benefits of participation in exercise and yoga, it is unknown whether such benefits extend to a population with poststroke hemiparesis. Objective The study investigated whether supplementing exercise with ...
Taylor Denise - - 2012
To compare the effectiveness of tai chi and low-level exercise in reducing falls in older adults; to determine whether mobility, balance, and lower limb strength improved and whether higher doses of tai chi resulted in greater effect. Randomized controlled trial. Eleven sites throughout New Zealand. Six hundred eighty-four community-residing older ...
Gayda Mathieu - - 2012
PURPOSE:: We measured the effects of sauna bathing alone or a 30-minute exercise session followed by sauna bathing on short-term heart rate variability (HRV) in subjects with untreated hypertension. METHODS:: Ten patients with untreated hypertension (age 59 ± 10 years) were randomly assigned to (1) a control resting session, (2) ...
Brenner Ingrid - - 2012
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common chronic cardiovascular condition that affects the lower extremities and can substantially limit daily activities and quality of life. Lifestyle interventions, including smoking cessation, diet modification, regular physical activity, and pharmacotherapy, are often prescribed to treat patients with PAD. Exercise interventions can be effective ...
Woodhouse Linda J - - 2012
: To compare the effects on muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) strength, and function, of treatment with ibuprofen, glucosamine, or placebo in addition to a strength training program, in older adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA). : Randomized, controlled, double-blinded 12-week trial. : Community study in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 2005 and 2006. ...
Divine Jon - - 2012
: To investigate the incidence of anterior knee pain among new recruits participating in a targeted exercise intervention, as an addition to army basic training, compared with recruits in an unmodified training program. : Single-blind, cluster (by troop) randomized, controlled trial, during the 14-week period of basic military training. : ...
Burke Jeanmarie R - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to collect preliminary data to address methodological considerations that may impact subject-specific reactions to foot orthotics during running. Six endurance-trained recreational runners recruited from a chiropractic college campus wore their preferred running shoes and then inserted either their custom-made orthotics during 1 testing session ...
Vincent Kevin R - - 2012
The initiation, progression, and severity of knee osteoarthritis (OA) have been associated with decreased muscular strength and alterations in joint biomechanics. Chronic OA pain may lead to anxiety, depression, fear of movement, and poor psychological outlook. The fear of movement may prevent participation in exercise and social events, which could ...
Focht Brian C BC The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. - - 2012
Promoting increased physical activity participation is now consistently advocated in the medical management of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Unfortunately, physical activity interventions targeting older knee OA patients are plagued by high attrition rates and poor long-term adherence. Consequently, identifying effective approaches for promoting maintenance of physical activity participation is integral for ...
Smith Brent I BI Athletic Training Research Laboratory, Indiana University, 2805 East Tenth Street, Bloomington, IN 47408, - - 2012
Although strength training is commonly used to rehabilitate ankle injuries, studies investigating the effects of strength training on proprioception have shown conflicting results. To determine the effects of a 6-week strength-training protocol on force sense and strength development in participants with functional ankle instability. Randomized controlled clinical trial. University athletic ...
Manocchia Pasquale - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Kettlebells are a popular implement in many strength and conditioning programs and, their benefits are touted in popular literature, books and videos. However, clinical data on their efficacy is limited. The purpose of this study was to examine whether kettlebell training transfers strength and power to weightlifting and powerlifting ...
Dean Catherine M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: . Exercise interventions can enhance mobility after stroke as well as prevent falls in elderly persons. OBJECTIVE: . Investigate whether an exercise intervention can enhance mobility, prevent falls, and increase physical activity among community-dwelling people after stroke. METHOD: . A randomized trial with blinding of physical outcome assessment was ...
Murad Khalil K Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA. - - 2012
Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) in older patients with heart failure (HF) is common and indicates poor prognosis. Exercise training (ET) has been shown to improve HRV in younger patients with HF. However, the effect of ET on HRV in older patients with HF is not known. Sixty-six participants (36% ...
Barsalani R - - 2012
Objectives Postmenopausal women are particularly inclined to an increased risk of developing non-alcoholic hepatic steatosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adding isoflavone supplementation to exercise training could reduce the risk. Methods In a 6-month, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, 54 healthy overweight-to-obese (body mass index 28-40 kg/m2) ...
McMorrow R C N - - 2012
We present a randomised, controlled, crossover trial of the Caudwell Xtreme Everest (CXE) closed circuit breathing system vs an open circuit and ambient air control in six healthy, hypoxic volunteers at rest and exercise at Everest Base Camp, at 5300 m. Compared with control, arterial oxygen saturations were improved at rest ...
Forbes Scott C - - 2012
Skeletal muscle mass declines with age (i.e., sarcopenia) resulting in muscle weakness and functional limitations. Sarcopenia has been associated with physiological changes in muscle morphology, protein and hormonal kinetics, insulin resistance, inflammation, and oxidative stress. The purpose of this review is to highlight how exercise and nutritional intervention strategies may ...
Liu-Ambrose Teresa - - 2013
Falls are a common geriatric syndrome and are the third leading cause of chonic disability worldwide. Falls are not random events and occur, at least in part, due to impaired physiological function, such as impaired balance, and cognitive impairment. The clinical syndrome of falls is important for Sports and Exercise ...
Janse van Rensburg Dina C - - 2012
The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of exercise on cardiac autonomic function as measured by short-term heart rate variability (HRV) in females suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Females with confirmed RA were randomly assigned to an exercise group (RAE) and a sedentary group (RAC). RAE was ...
Witard Oliver C - - 2012
PURPOSE:: We examined whether exercise-induced lymphocytosis and lymphocytopenia are impaired with high-intensity training. METHODS:: Eight trained cyclists (V˙ O2 max: 64.2 ± 6.5 mL·kg·min) undertook one week of normal-, and a second week of high-intensity training. On day seven of each week, participants performed a cycling task, consisting of 120 ...
Reis Júlia G - - 2012
Walking speed seems to be related to aerobic capacity, lower limb strength, and functional mobility, however it is not clear whether there is a direct relationship between improvement in muscle strength and gait performance in early postmenopausal women. To evaluate the effect of muscle strengthening exercises on the performance of ...
Ruchat S-M - - 2012
Walking is the most popular activity during pregnancy and may confer an aerobic benefit. However, the minimum intensity threshold of a maternal walking program for an aerobic conditioning response is unknown. The purpose was to examine the effect of a walking program of a low-intensity (LI, 30% heart rate reserve, ...
von Thiele Schwarz Ulrica - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the effects of physical exercise during work hours (PE) and reduced work hours (RWH) on direct and indirect costs associated with sickness absence (SA). METHODS:: Sickness absence and related costs at six workplaces, matched and randomized to three conditions (PE, RWH, and referents), were retrieved from company ...
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