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Gayda Mathieu - - 2012
PURPOSE:: We measured the effects of sauna bathing alone or a 30-minute exercise session followed by sauna bathing on short-term heart rate variability (HRV) in subjects with untreated hypertension. METHODS:: Ten patients with untreated hypertension (age 59 ± 10 years) were randomly assigned to (1) a control resting session, (2) ...
Park Jihong - - 2012
Weight-bearing (WB) and non-weight-bearing (NWB) exercises are commonly used in rehabilitation programs for patients with anterior knee pain (AKP). To determine the immediate effects of isolated WB or NWB knee-extension exercises on quadriceps torque output and activation in individuals with AKP. A single-blind randomized controlled trial. Laboratory. 30 subjects with ...
Brenner Ingrid - - 2012
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common chronic cardiovascular condition that affects the lower extremities and can substantially limit daily activities and quality of life. Lifestyle interventions, including smoking cessation, diet modification, regular physical activity, and pharmacotherapy, are often prescribed to treat patients with PAD. Exercise interventions can be effective ...
Woodhouse Linda J - - 2012
: To compare the effects on muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) strength, and function, of treatment with ibuprofen, glucosamine, or placebo in addition to a strength training program, in older adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA). : Randomized, controlled, double-blinded 12-week trial. : Community study in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 2005 and 2006. ...
Divine Jon - - 2012
: To investigate the incidence of anterior knee pain among new recruits participating in a targeted exercise intervention, as an addition to army basic training, compared with recruits in an unmodified training program. : Single-blind, cluster (by troop) randomized, controlled trial, during the 14-week period of basic military training. : ...
Burke Jeanmarie R - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to collect preliminary data to address methodological considerations that may impact subject-specific reactions to foot orthotics during running. Six endurance-trained recreational runners recruited from a chiropractic college campus wore their preferred running shoes and then inserted either their custom-made orthotics during 1 testing session ...
Smith Brent I - - 2012
Although strength training is commonly used to rehabilitate ankle injuries, studies investigating the effects of strength training on proprioception have shown conflicting results. To determine the effects of a 6-week strength-training protocol on force sense and strength development in participants with functional ankle instability. Randomized controlled clinical trial. University athletic ...
Vincent Kevin R - - 2012
The initiation, progression, and severity of knee osteoarthritis (OA) have been associated with decreased muscular strength and alterations in joint biomechanics. Chronic OA pain may lead to anxiety, depression, fear of movement, and poor psychological outlook. The fear of movement may prevent participation in exercise and social events, which could ...
Focht Brian C - - 2012
Promoting increased physical activity participation is now consistently advocated in the medical management of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Unfortunately, physical activity interventions targeting older knee OA patients are plagued by high attrition rates and poor long-term adherence. Consequently, identifying effective approaches for promoting maintenance of physical activity participation is integral for ...
Manocchia Pasquale - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Kettlebells are a popular implement in many strength and conditioning programs and, their benefits are touted in popular literature, books and videos. However, clinical data on their efficacy is limited. The purpose of this study was to examine whether kettlebell training transfers strength and power to weightlifting and powerlifting ...
Dean Catherine M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: . Exercise interventions can enhance mobility after stroke as well as prevent falls in elderly persons. OBJECTIVE: . Investigate whether an exercise intervention can enhance mobility, prevent falls, and increase physical activity among community-dwelling people after stroke. METHOD: . A randomized trial with blinding of physical outcome assessment was ...
Murad Khalil - - 2012
Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) in older patients with heart failure (HF) is common and indicates poor prognosis. Exercise training (ET) has been shown to improve HRV in younger patients with HF. However, the effect of ET on HRV in older patients with HF is not known. Sixty-six participants (36% ...
Barsalani R - - 2012
Objectives Postmenopausal women are particularly inclined to an increased risk of developing non-alcoholic hepatic steatosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adding isoflavone supplementation to exercise training could reduce the risk. Methods In a 6-month, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, 54 healthy overweight-to-obese (body mass index 28-40 kg/m2) ...
McMorrow R C N - - 2012
We present a randomised, controlled, crossover trial of the Caudwell Xtreme Everest (CXE) closed circuit breathing system vs an open circuit and ambient air control in six healthy, hypoxic volunteers at rest and exercise at Everest Base Camp, at 5300 m. Compared with control, arterial oxygen saturations were improved at rest ...
Forbes Scott C - - 2012
Skeletal muscle mass declines with age (i.e., sarcopenia) resulting in muscle weakness and functional limitations. Sarcopenia has been associated with physiological changes in muscle morphology, protein and hormonal kinetics, insulin resistance, inflammation, and oxidative stress. The purpose of this review is to highlight how exercise and nutritional intervention strategies may ...
Liu-Ambrose Teresa - - 2013
Falls are a common geriatric syndrome and are the third leading cause of chonic disability worldwide. Falls are not random events and occur, at least in part, due to impaired physiological function, such as impaired balance, and cognitive impairment. The clinical syndrome of falls is important for Sports and Exercise ...
Janse van Rensburg Dina C - - 2012
The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of exercise on cardiac autonomic function as measured by short-term heart rate variability (HRV) in females suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Females with confirmed RA were randomly assigned to an exercise group (RAE) and a sedentary group (RAC). RAE was ...
Witard Oliver C - - 2012
PURPOSE:: We examined whether exercise-induced lymphocytosis and lymphocytopenia are impaired with high-intensity training. METHODS:: Eight trained cyclists (V˙ O2 max: 64.2 ± 6.5 mL·kg·min) undertook one week of normal-, and a second week of high-intensity training. On day seven of each week, participants performed a cycling task, consisting of 120 ...
Reis Júlia G - - 2012
Walking speed seems to be related to aerobic capacity, lower limb strength, and functional mobility, however it is not clear whether there is a direct relationship between improvement in muscle strength and gait performance in early postmenopausal women. To evaluate the effect of muscle strengthening exercises on the performance of ...
Ruchat S-M - - 2012
Walking is the most popular activity during pregnancy and may confer an aerobic benefit. However, the minimum intensity threshold of a maternal walking program for an aerobic conditioning response is unknown. The purpose was to examine the effect of a walking program of a low-intensity (LI, 30% heart rate reserve, ...
von Thiele Schwarz Ulrica - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the effects of physical exercise during work hours (PE) and reduced work hours (RWH) on direct and indirect costs associated with sickness absence (SA). METHODS:: Sickness absence and related costs at six workplaces, matched and randomized to three conditions (PE, RWH, and referents), were retrieved from company ...
Pietrosimone Brian G - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Recent rehabilitation paradigms have suggested that improving voluntary muscle activation may optimize strength outcomes related to resistance training. The aim of this study was to determine if changes in voluntary quadriceps activation could predict changes in quadriceps strength following a 4 week therapeutic exercise regimen. METHOD: Thirty-six participants with ...
Moore Robert D - - 2012
Abstract Although anecdotal reports suggest that information processing and decision making is impaired immediately following prolonged periods of physical activity, results obtained from laboratory studies of exercise-induced fatigue have been inconsistent. Fatigue effects may be task specific and related to the time of post-exercise testing. The present study examined the ...
Nascimento Carla M C - - 2012
To analyze the influence of a six-month exercise program on neuropsychiatric disorders and on the performance of instrumental activities in elderly patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The study included 20 patients with AD in the mild to moderate stages of the Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) divided into two groups: the ...
Vogler Constance M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To measure the extent to which improved sensorimotor function and balance resulting from a 12-week exercise intervention were retained 12 weeks after exercise cessation in older adults recently discharged from hospital. DESIGN: Randomized-controlled trial with reassessment 12 weeks post exercise cessation SETTING: Home-based exercises PARTICIPANTS: 180 adults aged 65 ...
Beckitt Tim A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms underlying the symptomatic improvement witnessed as a result of exercise training in intermittent claudication remain unclear. There is no reproducible evidence to support increased limb blood flow resulting from neovascularization. Changes in oxygenation of active muscles as a result of blood redistribution are hypothesized but unproven. This ...
Peddle-McIntyre Carolyn J - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Short-term supervised exercise interventions improve health-related fitness in lung cancer survivors; however, sustained exercise is required to maintain the health benefits. The impact of exercise interventions on motivational outcomes may be important for long-term exercise adoption. OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this study was to examine the effects of a ...
Hsu Hsin-Tien - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Although exercise is a recommended rehabilitation intervention for many breast cancer survivors, exercise activity after cancer treatment is rarely reported in this patient group in Taiwan. OBJECTIVE:: The objectives of this study were to analyze trends in exercise activity in breast cancer survivors in Taiwan. INTERVENTIONS/METHODS:: This prospective, longitudinal ...
Ayán Carlos - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: to compare the effects of two different water based exercise training programs on functional mobility, motor symptoms and quality of life on patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease (PD). DESIGN: Matched, controlled, pilot study. SETTING: Outpatients, Parkinson's disease Center of Bueu -Galicia (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: Twenty one patients with ...
Marzolini Susan - - 2012
PURPOSE:: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has been recommended to provide exercise guidance poststroke. However, it has not been established whether minimal exercise training levels, sufficient for obtaining health benefits, can be attained in CR. Therefore, we assessed the ability of stroke patients to achieve recommended exercise levels during a single standard ...
Ritt Luiz Eduardo - - 2012
PURPOSE:: While patients with heart failure who achieve a peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2) of 10 mL·kg·min or less are often considered for intensive surveillance or intervention, those achieving 14 mL·kg·min or more are generally considered to be at lower risk. Among patients in the "intermediate" range of 10.1 to ...
Kamegaya Tadahiko - - 2012
Aim:  Japan is one of the most rapidly aging societies in the world. Measures to prevent dementia are urgently required in Japan, although such strategies have not yet been established. This study investigated the effectiveness of a pleasant physical exercise intervention on the prevention of cognitive decline in community-dwelling elderly ...
Dennison Katie J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Dennison, KJ, Mullineaux, DR, Yates, JW, and Abel, MG. The effect of fatigue and training status on firefighter performance. J Strength Cond Res 26(4): 1101-1109, 2012-Firefighting is a strenuous occupation that requires optimal levels of physical fitness. The National Fire Protection Association suggests that firefighters should be allowed to ...
Swardfager Walter - - 2012
Inflammatory activity plays a role in the development and progression of coronary artery disease (CAD), and exercise confers survival benefit. We performed a meta-analysis of changes in inflammatory biomarkers over the course of exercise interventions in patients with CAD. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Collaboration, AMED, and CINAHL for ...
Murphy Margaret - - 2012
Nitrate ingestion improves exercise performance; however, it has also been linked to adverse health effects, except when consumed in the form of vegetables. The purpose of this study was to determine, in a double-blind crossover study, whether whole beetroot consumption, as a means for increasing nitrate intake, improves endurance exercise ...
Kotz Tamar - - 2012
To assess the efficacy of prophylactic swallowing exercises on swallowing function in patients undergoing chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for head and neck cancer. Randomized controlled trial. Tertiary care, academic medical center. Twenty-six patients with head and neck cancer receiving CRT. Patients performed 5 targeted swallowing exercises throughout their CRT and participated ...
Gómez-Cabello A - - 2012
It is widely recognized that the risk of fractures is closely related to the typical decline in bone mass during the ageing process in both women and men. Exercise has been reported as one of the best non-pharmacological ways to improve bone mass throughout life. However, not all exercise regimens ...
Behm David - - 2012
WHILE THE POPULARITY OF INSTABILITY RESISTANCE TRAINING (RESISTANCE TRAINING THAT INVOLVES THE USE OF UNSTABLE SURFACES AND DEVICES: IRT) is evident in fitness training facilities, its effectiveness for optimal sport performance training has been questioned. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to explore the resistance training literature, which implements ...
Gast Ulf - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of a short duration, three times weekly, high-load resistive exercise program on preventing deterioration in neuromuscular function after prolonged bed rest. METHODS: Twenty-four male subjects performed high-load resistive exercise (RE; n=8), high-load resistive exercise with whole-body vibration (RVE; n=9) or no exercise (control, n=9) during ...
Gardner Andrew W - - 2012
This prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial determined whether an optimal exercise program length exists to efficaciously change claudication onset time (COT) and peak walking time (PWT) in patients with peripheral artery disease and claudication. The study randomized 142 patients to supervised exercise (n = 106) or a usual care control ...
Winkelman Chris C Case Western Reserve University, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, 10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44016, USA. - - 2012
Determining the optimal timing and progression of mobility exercise has the potential to affect functional recovery of critically ill adults. This study compared standard care with care delivered using a mobility protocol. We examined the effects of exercise on vital signs and inflammatory biomarkers and the effects of the nurse-initiated ...
Atamaz Funda C - - 2012
Atamaz FC, Durmaz B, Baydar M, Demircioglu OY, Iyiyapici A, Kuran B, Oncel S, Sendur OF. Comparison of the efficacy of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, interferential currents, and shortwave diathermy in knee osteoarthritis: a double-blind, randomized, controlled, multicenter study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), ...
McKeough Zoe J - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of arm endurance training, arm strength training, a combination of arm endurance and strength training, and no arm training on endurance arm exercise capacity. A randomised controlled trial was undertaken with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease subjects randomised into one of ...
Mikkelsen Lone R - - 2012
Background and Purpose. Despite a successful surgical procedure, deficits in muscle strength and physical function are documented 1-2 years after total hip replacement (THR). There is a lack of evidence concerning which rehabilitation strategy is the most effective after THR. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the feasibility ...
Bahrami Fatimah - - 2012
The effects of 14 weeks of Kata techniques training on stereotypic behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) were investigated. The study included 30 eligible (diagnosed ASD, school age) children with ages ranging from 5 to 16 years whom they assigned to an exercise (n=15) or a no-exercise control ...
Miossi Renata - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a three-month exercise training program in counteracting the chronotropic incompetence and delayed heart rate recovery in patients with systemic lupus erythemathosus. METHODS: A 12-wk, randomized trial was conducted. Twenty four inactive SLE patients were randomly assigned into two groups: trained (T, n=15, three-month exercise ...
Freyssin Céline - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of an 8 week high-intensity interval training protocol versus continuous training. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial SETTING: Cardiac rehabilitation center PARTICIPANTS: 26 patients (54 ± 12 years) with chronic heart failure were enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation program for 8 weeks. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly assigned into ...
Michelsen M M - - 2012
Exercise protects against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury but the mechanism remains unclear. Protection can be transferred from a remotely preconditioned human donor to an isolated perfused rabbit heart using a dialysate of plasma. We hypothesized that physical exercise preconditioning also confers cardioprotection through a humorally mediated effector dependent on opioid ...
Gray Vicki L - - 2012
BackgroundPostural responses are impaired after stroke with reduced and/or delayed muscle activity in the paretic leg muscles.ObjectiveThe efficacy of exercises emphasizing speed of movement in modifying postural responses to perturbations that were not practiced was investigated.DesignDual cohort design. METHODS:/b>A convenience sample of 32 subjects post-stroke with hemiparesis (11.3 (4.1) weeks ...
Sugawara Jun - - 2012
BackgroundLifestyle modification (i.e., regular physical activity and diet) is effective in preventing the age-related increase in cardiovascular disease risks. Potential therapeutic effects of curcumin (diferuloylmethane) have been confirmed on various diseases, including cancer and Alzheimer's disease, but the effects of curcumin have not been tested on central arterial hemodynamics. The ...
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