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Valdes Kristin - - 2012
A review of the literature was performed to design a hand exercise regimen based on biomechanical principles of the carpometacarpal (CMC) joint and the forces that act upon the joint. Sixteen biomechanical studies were included in the review: four studies developed a mathematical model of the thumb and 12 performed ...
Gupta Shilpa S - - 2012
The modality of exercise that is most beneficial and easy to perform has become a topic of research. Yogic exercises are being widely studied; however, postulated benefits of yogic exercises over other exercises must be scientifically explored. Prospective randomized comparative studies involving yoga and other endurance exercises are conspicuous by ...
Nidhi Ram - - 2012
Yoga techniques practiced for varying durations have been shown to reduce state anxiety. This was never assessed in adolescents with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). To compare the effect of a holistic yoga program with the conventional exercise program on anxiety level in adolescents with PCOS. Ninety adolescent (15-18 years) girls ...
Rahnama Nader - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two types of rehabilitation techniques, including aerobic and strengthening exercises on patients with knee rheumatoid arthritis (RA). 48 male patients with knee RA were randomly assigned into 3 groups, including aerobic exercises, strengthening exercise, and control. The two first ...
Huffman Kim M - - 2012
The standard clinical approach for reducing cardiovascular disease risk due to dyslipidemia is to prescribe changes in diet and physical activity. The purpose of the current study was to determine if, across a range of dietary patterns, there were variable lipoprotein responses to an aerobic exercise training intervention. Subjects were ...
Paratz Jennifer D - - 2012
Although exercise programs after burns are considered a standard of care, there is limited evidence for efficacy in adult patients. This study aimed to investigate the effects of an exercise program on physical, functional, and quality of life measures. A quasi-experimental controlled trial was instituted after final grafting. Both groups ...
Intlekofer Karlie A - - 2012
Alzheimer's disease (AD) afflicts more than 5.4 million Americans and ranks as the most common type of dementia (Thies and Bleiler, 2011), yet effective pharmacological treatments have not been identified. Substantial evidence indicates that physical activity enhances learning and memory for people of all ages, including individuals that suffer from ...
Park Sung-Woo - - 2012
To examine the changes from a combined exercise intervention after radical prostatectomy (RP) in elderly patients with prostate cancer, because randomized controlled trials addressing exercise intervention after RP have been lacking. From May 2009 to May 2010, all patients who underwent laparoscopic RP were assessed for eligibility. A total of ...
Canto Nivea D - - 2012
The addition of tiotropium bromide (TIO) to formoterol fumarate (FOR) improves exercise performance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this study, we test the hypothesis that the addition of TIO to FOR may improve respiratory muscle performance and oxygen uptake kinetics after exercise in patients with COPD. ...
Smilios Ilias - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The present study examines the changes in maximum strength, vertical jump performance as well as the load-velocity and load-power relationship after a resistance training period using a heavy load and an individual load that maximizes mechanical power output with and without including body mass in power calculations. Forty-three moderately ...
Wahl Patrick - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The purpose was to examine the effects of a two week high intensity shock microcycle on maximal oxygen consumption and parameters of exercise performance in junior triathletes on the one hand, and to evaluate the long term effects of active (A) vs. passive (P) recovery on the other hand. ...
Bird Stephen R - - 2012
During the past 50 years, the prevalence of a cluster of chronic, inactivity-related diseases including obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), collectively referred to as 'metabolic syndrome' (MetS) has reached global epidemic proportions. Appropriate exercise training is a clinically proven, cost-effective, primary intervention that delays and in ...
Binnie Martyn J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This study compared the effect of sand and grass training surfaces during a common pre-season interval training session in well-trained team sport athletes (n=10). Participants initially completed a preliminary testing session to gather baseline (BASE) performance data for vertical jump (VJ), repeated sprint ability (RSA) and a 3 km ...
Carvalho Ana Paula Perillo Ferreira - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a complex syndrome characterized by intolerance to exertion and reduced functional capacity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the functional capacity of patients with HF and supplemented with creatine. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Thirty-three male patients over the age of 18 years with functional class II to ...
Bailey Tom G - - 2012
Introduction. Strenuous exercise is associated with an immediate decrease in endothelial function. Repeated bouts of ischemia followed by reperfusion, known as remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC), is able to protect the endothelium against ischemia-induced injury beyond the ischaemic area. We examined the hypothesis that RIPC prevents the decrease in endothelial function ...
Bastos F N - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential benefits of cold water immersion (CWI) and active recovery (AR) on blood lactate concentration ([Lac]) and heart rate variability (HRV) indices following high-intensity exercise. 20 male subjects were recruited. On the first visit, an incremental test was performed to ...
Kugler Christiane - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Newer generation left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are established for long-term support. The aim of this multi-modal intervention was to improve the body weight, exercise tolerance and psychosocial status in outpatients on long-term LVAD support. METHODS: Seventy patients participated in this non-randomized intervention study [intervention group (IGr) n = 34; control ...
Fuchs Reinhard - - 2012
Objective: To investigate how the effects of a group-based intervention program (MoVo-LISA) on exercise behaviour were mediated by cognitive variables. Different causal models mapping the short-term (adoption) and long-term (maintenance) intervention effects were tested using path analyses. Design: N = 220 in-patients of a rehabilitation clinic were assigned to an usual care ...
Taipale R S - - 2012
This study compared the effects of mixed maximal strength and explosive strength training with maximal strength training and explosive strength training combined with endurance training over an 8-week training intervention. Male subjects (age 21-45 years) were divided into three strength training groups, maximal (MAX, n = 11), explosive (EXP, 10) and mixed maximal ...
Daniel Kathryn - - 2012
To examine the effectiveness of a novel intervention aimed at decreasing indices related to frailty through systematic, Progressive Functional Rehabilitation (PFR). Pre-frail volunteers were recruited to participate in a 15 week exercise intervention or control group. Those who met study criteria and consented were randomized into one of three groups: ...
Parry Joseph S - - 2012
CONTEXT: The Bodyblade Pro is utilized for shoulder rehabilitation following injury. Resistance is provided by blade oscillations - faster oscillations or higher speeds correspond to greater resistance. However, research supporting its use is scarce, particularly in comparison to dumbbell training. OBJECTIVE: To compare muscle activity, using electromyography (EMG), in the ...
Lynn Scott K - - 2012
CONTEXT: Proper functioning of the intrinsic foot musculature (IFM) is essential in maintaining the integrity of the medial longitudinal arch (MLA). Improper functioning of the IFM leads to excessive pronation of the foot, which has been linked to various pathologies. Therefore, training the IFM to avoid excessive pronation may help ...
Kluding Patricia M - - 2012
Although exercise can significantly reduce the prevalence and severity of diabetic complications, no studies have evaluated the impact of exercise on nerve function in people with diagnosed diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). The purpose of this pilot study was to examine feasibility and effectiveness of a supervised, moderately intense aerobic and ...
Green Howard J - - 2012
This study investigated the hypothesis that the duration of aerobic-based cycle exercise would affect the adaptations in substrate and metabolic regulation that occur in vastus lateralis in response to a short-term (10 day) training program. Healthy active but untrained males (n = 7) with a peak aerobic power ([Formula: see text]) of 44.4 ± 1.4 ml kg(-1) min(-1) ...
Chandra Divay - - 2012
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND:It is uncertain whether the effort and expense of performing a second walk for the six-minute-walk test improves test performance. Hence, we attempted to quantify the improvement in six-minute-walk distance if an additional walk were to be performed. METHODS:We studied patients consecutively enrolled into the National Emphysema Treatment Trial ...
O'Brien Jane - - 2012
This study aimed to assess the feasibility of a home-based exercise programme and examine the effects on the healing rates of venous leg ulcers. A 12-week randomised controlled trial was conducted investigating the effects of an exercise intervention compared to a usual care group. Participants in both groups (n = ...
Wójcicki Thomas R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the extent to which participation in a 12- month exercise program changed the degree of importance that older adults attached to physical activity. Additionally, associations among changes in physical activity importance and health-related and psychosocial outcomes were examined. METHODS: Community-dwelling older ...
Orcy Rafael B - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aims to compare the effects of combined resistance and aerobic exercise with a resistance programme alone on functional performance among haemodialysis patients. DESIGN: The design was a randomized controlled trial. SETTING: The setting was the dialysis unit of a Brazilian university hospital. PATIENTS: Haemodialysis patients ...
McKay Carly - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a 6-week prehabilitation exercise training program on presurgical quadriceps strength for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). DESIGN: Two-arm, parallel, randomized, controlled pilot trial. SETTING: Private exercise space in a research facility. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two patients scheduled for primary TKA. METHODS: Participants completed a series ...
Van Roie Evelien - - 2012
ABSTRACT: It remains controversial whether maximal effort attained by high external resistance is required to optimize muscle adaptation to strengthening exercise. Here, we compared different training protocols reaching maximal effort with either high resistance (HImax, 80% of one repetition maximum (1RM)) or low resistance (LOmax, ≤40% 1RM). Thirty-six young volunteers ...
Candow Darren G - - 2012
Sarcopenia, defined as the age-related loss of muscle mass, has a negative effect on strength, functional independence and overall quality of life. Sarcopenia is a multifactorial phenomenon characterized by changes in muscle morphology, protein and hormonal kinetics, oxidative stress, inflammation, physical activity and nutrition. It is well known that resistance ...
Chen Trevor C - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study compared the effect of an initial exercise consisting of either low intensity eccentric, or maximal isometric contractions, on protective effect against maximal eccentric contraction-induced muscle damage. METHODS: Untrained young men were placed into one of five groups (n=13 per group); MaxECC, 10%ECC, 20%ECC, 90°ISO and 20°ISO. The ...
Wiklund Peder - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The skeleton has been suggested to be involved in energy metabolism through osteocalcin (OC), an osteoblast-specific molecule. The objective of this study was to investigate whether high impact exercise stimulating bone formation would lead to changes in glucose and lipid metabolism independent of cardiorespiratory effects, and if OC mediates ...
Henagan Tara M - - 2012
The existing paradigm of exercise-induced decreases in chronic inflammation focuses on the expression of inflammatory receptors on systemic monocytes in response to exercise training, with the role of anti-inflammatory receptors largely ignored. Our recent preliminary studies indicate that the anti-inflammatory melanocortin receptors (MCRs) may play a role in modulating exercise-induced ...
Froholdt Anne A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet 0027, Oslo, Norway. - - 2012
To compare the 9-year outcome in patients with chronic low back pain treated by instrumented lumbar fusion versus cognitive intervention and exercises. The main outcome measure was the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Secondary outcome measures included pain, fear-avoidance beliefs, trunk muscle strength, medication, and return to work. One-third of the ...
Murrell Carissa J CJ Department of Physiology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2013
Chronic reductions in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebrovascular reactivity to CO2 are risk factors for cerebrovascular disease. Higher aerobic fitness is associated with higher CBF at any age; however, whether CBF or reactivity can be elevated following an exercise training intervention in healthy individuals is unknown. The aim of ...
King Stephanie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The management of peripheral arterial disease with intermittent claudication includes angioplasty, pharmaceutical therapy, risk factor modification and exercise therapy. Supervised exercise programmes are used sporadically but may improve the distance that an individual with claudication can walk. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a ...
Anliker E - - 2012
Objectives: To assess adaptations of the lower leg muscle-bone unit in 8- to 12-year-old children following a randomized controlled jumping exercise intervention for 9 months. Methods: Twelve boys and 10 girls (INT) performed a supervised jumping protocol during the first 10 min of their regularly scheduled physical education class twice ...
Hagberg James M - - 2012
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is at virtually pandemic levels world-wide. Diabetes has been referred to as "a geneticist's nightmare". However, dramatic advances in our understanding of the genetics of T2DM have occurred in the past 5 years. While endurance exercise training and increased habitual physical activity levels have consistently ...
Mujika Iñigo - - 2012
The warm-up procedure in traditional rowing usually involves continuous low-intensity rowing and short bouts of intense exercise, lasting about 60 min. To compare the effects of a traditional and an experimental 30-min warm-up of lower intensity on indoor rowing time-trial performance. Fourteen highly trained male rowers (age 25.9 ± 5.3 ...
Lee Sang-Hie - - 2012
College musicians encounter health risks not dissimilar to those of professional musicians. Fifteen collegiate instrumental musicians participated in the intervention program of yogic-breathing and muscle-strengthening and flexibility exercises for 8 weeks. Pre- and post-intervention data from the Health-Pain-Injury Inventory (HPI) and the Physical & Musical-Performance Efficacy Assessment Survey (PME) were ...
Yamashita F - - 2012
A randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the effect of a one-leg standing exercise and a chair-rising exercise on body balance in patients with locomotive disorders. Thirty ambulatory patients (mean age: 66.6 years) were randomly divided into two groups (n=15 in each group): a one-leg standing exercise group and ...
Heine P J - - 2012
This paper describes the development and implementation of a hand exercise intervention for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as part of a large multi-centred randomised controlled trial in a U.K. National Health Service (NHS) setting. Participants are eligible if diagnosed with RA according to American College of Rheumatology criteria, have a history ...
Berg Ronan M G - - 2012
Quiz-based and collaborative teaching strategies have previously been found to be efficient for the improving meaningful learning of physiology during lectures. These approaches have, however, not been investigated during laboratory exercises. In the present study, we compared the impact of solving quizzes individually and in groups with conventional teaching on ...
Howden Erin J - - 2012
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health problem that affects an estimated 1.7 million Australians. Patients with CKD commonly progress to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) requiring dialysis and/or kidney transplantation. They are at high risk of cardiovascular disease and many die from this prior to reaching ESKD. Few ...
Aspenes Stian Thoresen - - 2012
Competitive swimming has a long history and is currently one of the largest Olympic sports, with 16 pool events. Several aspects separate swimming from most other sports such as (i) the prone position; (ii) simultaneous use of arms and legs for propulsion; (iii) water immersion (i.e. hydrostatic pressure on thorax ...
Locks Rafaella R - - 2012
To evaluate the effects of stretching and/or resistive exercise, followed by detraining, on the functional status of older people. Forty-five subjects were divided into four groups: control (CG; n=13; 66±6 years), stretching (SG; n=10; 69±6 years), resistive exercise (RG; n=13; 69±5 years), and resistive exercise and stretching (RSG; n=9; 66±5 ...
Parfitt Gaynor - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Affect-regulated exercise to feel 'good' can be used to control exercise intensity amongst both active and sedentary individuals and should support exercise adherence. It is not known, however, whether affect-regulated exercise training can lead to physical health gains. The aim of this study was to examine if affect-regulated exercise ...
Kim Bang Hyun - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of guided relaxation and imagery (GRI) on improvement in falls self-efficacy in older adults who report having a fear of falling. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial with allocation to GRI or guided relaxation with music of choice. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-one men and women aged ...
Gianoudis Jenny - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis affects over 220 million people worldwide, and currently there is no 'cure' for the disease. Thus, there is a need to develop evidence-based, safe and acceptable prevention strategies at the population level that target multiple risk factors for fragility fractures to reduce the health and economic burden ...
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