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Results 101 - 150 of 1364
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Candow Darren G - - 2012
Sarcopenia, defined as the age-related loss of muscle mass, has a negative effect on strength, functional independence and overall quality of life. Sarcopenia is a multifactorial phenomenon characterized by changes in muscle morphology, protein and hormonal kinetics, oxidative stress, inflammation, physical activity and nutrition. It is well known that resistance ...
Chen Trevor C - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study compared the effect of an initial exercise consisting of either low intensity eccentric, or maximal isometric contractions, on protective effect against maximal eccentric contraction-induced muscle damage. METHODS: Untrained young men were placed into one of five groups (n=13 per group); MaxECC, 10%ECC, 20%ECC, 90°ISO and 20°ISO. The ...
Wiklund Peder - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The skeleton has been suggested to be involved in energy metabolism through osteocalcin (OC), an osteoblast-specific molecule. The objective of this study was to investigate whether high impact exercise stimulating bone formation would lead to changes in glucose and lipid metabolism independent of cardiorespiratory effects, and if OC mediates ...
Henagan Tara M - - 2012
The existing paradigm of exercise-induced decreases in chronic inflammation focuses on the expression of inflammatory receptors on systemic monocytes in response to exercise training, with the role of anti-inflammatory receptors largely ignored. Our recent preliminary studies indicate that the anti-inflammatory melanocortin receptors (MCRs) may play a role in modulating exercise-induced ...
Froholdt Anne A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet 0027, Oslo, Norway. - - 2012
To compare the 9-year outcome in patients with chronic low back pain treated by instrumented lumbar fusion versus cognitive intervention and exercises. The main outcome measure was the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Secondary outcome measures included pain, fear-avoidance beliefs, trunk muscle strength, medication, and return to work. One-third of the ...
Murrell Carissa J CJ Department of Physiology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2013
Chronic reductions in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebrovascular reactivity to CO2 are risk factors for cerebrovascular disease. Higher aerobic fitness is associated with higher CBF at any age; however, whether CBF or reactivity can be elevated following an exercise training intervention in healthy individuals is unknown. The aim of ...
King Stephanie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The management of peripheral arterial disease with intermittent claudication includes angioplasty, pharmaceutical therapy, risk factor modification and exercise therapy. Supervised exercise programmes are used sporadically but may improve the distance that an individual with claudication can walk. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a ...
Anliker E - - 2012
Objectives: To assess adaptations of the lower leg muscle-bone unit in 8- to 12-year-old children following a randomized controlled jumping exercise intervention for 9 months. Methods: Twelve boys and 10 girls (INT) performed a supervised jumping protocol during the first 10 min of their regularly scheduled physical education class twice ...
Hagberg James M - - 2012
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is at virtually pandemic levels world-wide. Diabetes has been referred to as "a geneticist's nightmare". However, dramatic advances in our understanding of the genetics of T2DM have occurred in the past 5 years. While endurance exercise training and increased habitual physical activity levels have consistently ...
Mujika Iñigo - - 2012
The warm-up procedure in traditional rowing usually involves continuous low-intensity rowing and short bouts of intense exercise, lasting about 60 min. To compare the effects of a traditional and an experimental 30-min warm-up of lower intensity on indoor rowing time-trial performance. Fourteen highly trained male rowers (age 25.9 ± 5.3 ...
Lee Sang-Hie - - 2012
College musicians encounter health risks not dissimilar to those of professional musicians. Fifteen collegiate instrumental musicians participated in the intervention program of yogic-breathing and muscle-strengthening and flexibility exercises for 8 weeks. Pre- and post-intervention data from the Health-Pain-Injury Inventory (HPI) and the Physical & Musical-Performance Efficacy Assessment Survey (PME) were ...
Yamashita F - - 2012
A randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the effect of a one-leg standing exercise and a chair-rising exercise on body balance in patients with locomotive disorders. Thirty ambulatory patients (mean age: 66.6 years) were randomly divided into two groups (n=15 in each group): a one-leg standing exercise group and ...
Heine P J - - 2012
This paper describes the development and implementation of a hand exercise intervention for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as part of a large multi-centred randomised controlled trial in a U.K. National Health Service (NHS) setting. Participants are eligible if diagnosed with RA according to American College of Rheumatology criteria, have a history ...
Berg Ronan M G - - 2012
Quiz-based and collaborative teaching strategies have previously been found to be efficient for the improving meaningful learning of physiology during lectures. These approaches have, however, not been investigated during laboratory exercises. In the present study, we compared the impact of solving quizzes individually and in groups with conventional teaching on ...
Howden Erin J - - 2012
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health problem that affects an estimated 1.7 million Australians. Patients with CKD commonly progress to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) requiring dialysis and/or kidney transplantation. They are at high risk of cardiovascular disease and many die from this prior to reaching ESKD. Few ...
Aspenes Stian Thoresen - - 2012
Competitive swimming has a long history and is currently one of the largest Olympic sports, with 16 pool events. Several aspects separate swimming from most other sports such as (i) the prone position; (ii) simultaneous use of arms and legs for propulsion; (iii) water immersion (i.e. hydrostatic pressure on thorax ...
Locks Rafaella R - - 2012
To evaluate the effects of stretching and/or resistive exercise, followed by detraining, on the functional status of older people. Forty-five subjects were divided into four groups: control (CG; n=13; 66±6 years), stretching (SG; n=10; 69±6 years), resistive exercise (RG; n=13; 69±5 years), and resistive exercise and stretching (RSG; n=9; 66±5 ...
Parfitt Gaynor - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Affect-regulated exercise to feel 'good' can be used to control exercise intensity amongst both active and sedentary individuals and should support exercise adherence. It is not known, however, whether affect-regulated exercise training can lead to physical health gains. The aim of this study was to examine if affect-regulated exercise ...
Kim Bang Hyun - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of guided relaxation and imagery (GRI) on improvement in falls self-efficacy in older adults who report having a fear of falling. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial with allocation to GRI or guided relaxation with music of choice. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-one men and women aged ...
Gianoudis Jenny - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis affects over 220 million people worldwide, and currently there is no 'cure' for the disease. Thus, there is a need to develop evidence-based, safe and acceptable prevention strategies at the population level that target multiple risk factors for fragility fractures to reduce the health and economic burden ...
Wu Y T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and diabetes were associated with prognosis after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). AIM:This study investigated whether short-term exercise improves diastolic function in patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) after CABG and examined the relationship of these changes to exercise capacity. DESIGN: RCT SETTING: Outpatient. ...
Egger Andreas - - 2012
Background: Resistance training has become a mainstay of exercise training in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, it remains controversial whether hypertrophy resistance training (HRT) is superior to endurance resistance training (ERT) with regard to its effects on glycaemic control, muscle mass and strength.Methods: Thirty-two patients with T2DM (13 men ...
Vanhees L - - 2012
Over the last decades, more and more evidence is accumulated that physical activity (PA) and exercise interventions are essential components in primary and secondary prevention for cardiovascular disease. However, it is less clear whether and which type of PA and exercise intervention (aerobic exercise, dynamic resistive exercise, or both) or ...
Vanhees L - - 2012
In a previous paper, as the first of a series of three on the importance of characteristics and modalities of physical activity (PA) and exercise in the management of cardiovascular health within the general population, we concluded that, in the population at large, PA and aerobic exercise capacity clearly are ...
Prista Antonio - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Hypertension is highly prevalent among African individuals and descendants, and in this ethnic group asleep blood pressure is strongly associated with target organ damage. Following its execution, a single bout of resistance exercise may decrease blood pressure in white individuals, but its effects are unknown in Africans. This study ...
Pedersen Mette Merete - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Continuous neck and shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal complaint. Physical exercise can reduce pain symptoms, but compliance to exercise is a challenge. Exercise-specific self-efficacy has been found to be a predictor of participation in preplanned exercise. Little is known about the influence of exercise-specific self-efficacy on compliance to ...
Gunnarsson T P - - 2012
PURPOSE: The present study examined the effect of additional speed-endurance training during the season on muscle adaptations and performance of trained soccer players. METHODS: Eighteen sub-elite soccer players performed one session with 6-9 30-s intervals at an intensity of 90-95 % ofmaximal intensity (speed endurance training; SET) a week for ...
Yanagisawa O - - 2012
To evaluate the effects of cooling between exercise sessions on intramuscular water movement and muscle performance, the lower extremities of nine untrained men were assigned to either a cooling protocol (20-min water immersion, 15 °C) or a noncooling protocol. Each subject performed two exercise sessions involving maximal concentric knee extension and ...
Fjeldsoe Brianna S - - 2012
Objective: To explore whether improvements in physical activity following the MobileMums intervention were mediated by changes in Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) constructs targeted in the intervention (barrier self efficacy, goal setting skills, outcome expectancy, social support, and perceived environmental opportunity for exercise). This paper also examined if the mediating constructs ...
Antunes Eva Bolle - - 2012
Gerodontology 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2012.00638.x Effects of the head lift exercise on the swallow function: a systematic review Objective:  Ageing is associated with modifications in upper oesophageal sphincter function that may be deleterious to deglutition. The head lift exercise (Shaker exercise) is a head-raising work out aiming to improve the opening ...
Treviño Rose A - - 2012
Qualitative data was collected from Mexican-American (MA) and Puerto Rican (PR) breast cancer survivors to gain their perspectives on the relevant issues surrounding breast cancer survivorship and exercise. Six focus groups, a total of 31 participants were convened (three in Puerto Rico and three in Texas). Responses were analyzed and ...
Dobrosielski Devon A - - 2012
Increased blood pressure (BP) in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) markedly increases cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality risk compared to having increased BP alone. To investigate whether exercise reduces suboptimal levels of untreated suboptimal BP or treated hypertension. Prospective, randomized controlled trial for 6 months. Single center in Baltimore, MD, USA. ...
Kiviniemi A M - - 2012
AIM: This study tested the hypothesis that non-α-adrenergic mechanisms contribute to systemic vascular conductance (SVC) in a reflex-specific manner during the sympathoexcitatory manoeuvres. METHODS: Twelve healthy subjects underwent lower-body negative pressure (LBNP, -40 mmHg) as well as static handgrip exercise (HG, 20% of maximal force) followed by post-exercise forearm circulatory occlusion ...
Hottenrott Kuno - - 2012
We investigated whether an athlete's self-chosen nutrition strategy (A), compared with a scientifically determined one (S), led to an improved endurance performance in a laboratory time trial after an endurance exercise. S consisted of about 1000 mL·h(-1) fluid, in portions of 250 mL every 15 min, 0.5 g sodium·L(-1), 60 g glucose·h(-1), 30 g fructose·h(-1), and ...
Tracy Brian L - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: There has been relatively little longitudinal, controlled investigation of the effects of yoga on general physical fitness, despite the widespread participation in this form of exercise. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the effect of short-term Bikram™ yoga training on general physical fitness. Young healthy adults ...
Burtscher Martin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To study protective effects of windbreaker jacket and pants during exercise in the cold. DESIGN:: Randomized pilot study. SETTING:: Climate chamber. PARTICIPANTS:: Nine well-trained (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max 61.7 ± 6.6 mL/min/kg) sport students (6 male and 3 female participants). INTERVENTIONS:: Subjects started walking for 1 hour in a climate ...
Lam Linda C W - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of Chinese-style mind-body exercise (24 forms simplified Tai Chi) versus stretching and toning exercise in the maintenance of cognitive abilities in Chinese elders at risk of cognitive decline. DESIGN: A 1-year single-blind cluster randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS: Community centers and residential homes for elders in ...
Heidbuchel Hein H University of Leuven, Leuven, - - 2013
Sports cardiology is a new and rapidly evolving subspecialty. It aims to elucidate the cardiovascular effects of regular exercise and delineate its benefits and risks, so that safe guidance can be provided to all individuals engaging in sports and/or physical activity in order to attain the maximum potential benefit at ...
Lake Jason - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: The aim of this study was to establish the effect that kettlebell swing training (KB) had on measures of maximum (half squat-HS-1RM) and explosive (vertical jump height-VJH) strength. To put these effects into context they were compared to the effects of jump squat power training (JS-known to improve 1RM ...
Carpenter K C - - 2012
Strenuous aerobic exercise is known to weaken the immune system, and while many nutritional supplements have been proposed to boost post-exercise immunity, few are known to be effective. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether 10 d of supplementation with a defined source of baker's yeast β-glucan (BG, ...
Wilson Jacob M - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: There is no clear agreement regarding the ideal combination of factors needed to optimize Post Activation Potentiation (PAP) following a conditioning activity. Therefore a meta analysis was conducted to evaluate the effects of training status, volume, rest period length, conditioning activity, and gender on power augmentation due to PAP. ...
Wada Satoko - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the jaw opening exercise on decreased upper esophageal sphincter opening while swallowing. STUDY DESIGN: Intervention study: before - after trial with four weeks follow-up evaluation. SETTING: Nihon University School of Dentistry Dental Hospital PARTICIPANTS: Subjects were eight patients with dysphagia (seven men, one woman; ...
Wolin Kathleen Y - - 2012
In 2009, the American College of Sports Medicine convened an expert roundtable to issue guidelines on exercise for cancer survivors. This multidisciplinary group evaluated the strength of the evidence for the safety and benefits of exercise as a therapeutic intervention for survivors. The panel concluded that exercise is safe and ...
Smith Alexandra C - - 2012
Cardiorespiratory fitness programs are increasingly used in stroke rehabilitation. Maximal oxygen uptake is the gold standard measurement of cardiorespiratory fitness; however, no recent publications have collated evidence about maximal oxygen uptake levels following stroke. We therefore performed a systematic review of maximal oxygen uptake in stroke survivors, aiming to observe ...
Cima Stephanie Robinson - - 2012
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory and chronic disease of joints, which may result in irreversible deformities. To evaluate the effects of an exercise programme aimed at improving the hand strength in individuals with hand deformities resulting from RA and to analyse the impact these exercises have on functionality. ...
Yamada Minoru - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In Japan, older adults are assessed by frailty checklist for care prevention. However, the effect of care prevention programs in community-dwelling frail older adults is still unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the care prevention program would reduce care and disability and to measure ...
Kline Christopher E CE Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States. - - 2013
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) predisposes individuals to cardiovascular morbidity, and cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) markers prognostic for cardiovascular disease have been found to be abnormal in adults with OSA. Due to the persistence of OSA and its cardiovascular consequences, whether the cardiovascular adaptations normally conferred by exercise are blunted in ...
Gielen Stephan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Muscle wasting occurs both in chronic heart failure (CHF) and in normal aging and contributes to exercise intolerance and increased morbidity/mortality. However, the molecular mechanisms of muscle atrophy in CHF and their interaction with aging are still largely unknown. We therefore measured the activation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) ...
Macananey Oscar - - 2012
Supervised exercise (SE) in patients with type 2 diabetes improves oxygen uptake kinetics at the onset of exercise. Maintenance of these improvements, however, has not been examined when supervision is removed. We explored if potential improvements in oxygen uptake kinetics following a 12-week SE that combined aerobic and resistance training ...
Sullivan Jane E - - 2012
Background: Sensory amplitude electrical stimulation (SES) and repetitive task practice reduce impairments and arm dysfunction when delivered separately following stroke.Objective: To determine if home-based, task-specific arm exercise was more effective when administered concurrent with SES.Methods: Thirty-eight subjects with chronic stroke and mean Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) score 28/66 (15-45) participated. Subjects ...
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