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Granger Catherine L - - 2012
PURPOSE: Following surgical lung resection, patients frequently suffer functional decline and reduced activity levels. Despite this exercise interventions are not routinely provided. This study aimed to establish the safety and feasibility of exercise administered following lung resection in an Australian setting. Method. Pilot randomized controlled trial. Fifteen individuals (53% male), ...
de Souto Araujo Zenia Trindade - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing number of studies reporting therapeutic success in water environments, research involving aquatic exercise among patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is scarce. This study evaluates the impact of low-intensity water and floor exercises on COPD. METHODS: Forty two individuals with moderate to very severe COPD, ...
Nielsen Jakob Lindberg - - 2012
Low-load resistance training with blood flow restriction has been shown to elicit substantial increases in muscle mass and muscle strength; however, the effect on myogenic stem cells (MSCs) and myonuclei number remains unexplored. Ten male subjects (22.8 ± 2.3 years)performed four sets of knee extensor exercise (20% 1RM) to concentric ...
Liu Wen - - 2012
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Fibromyalgia patients present with widespread chronic pain and other symptoms. Some studies in the literature have reported inconsistent results after a Qigong exercise intervention in patients with fibromyalgia. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of a home-based Qigong exercise in patients with fibromyalgia. METHODS: ...
Miyaki Asako - - 2012
Chronic inflammation that occurs with aging is one of the risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Regular exercise may prevent cardiovascular morbidity by decreasing chronic systematic inflammation. Additionally, excess inflammation can be reduced by the anti-inflammatory protein pentraxin 3 (PTX3). Thus, both habitual exercise and PTX3 have an anti-inflammatory effect. However, ...
Newton Michael J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Two common models to investigate the effect of interventions on muscle damage include using two groups in which one group receives an intervention while the other acts as control, and using contralateral limbs of one group. The latter model is based on the assumption that changes in markers of ...
Correa C S - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to evaluate and compare the neuromuscular, morphological and functional adaptations of older women subjected to 3 different types of strength training. 58, healthy women (67±5 year) were randomized to experimental (EG, n=41) and control groups (CG, n=17) during the first 6 weeks when ...
Masseau Isabelle - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Reduction of vascular inflammation might contribute to the beneficial effects of exercise. We hypothesized that 1) exercise would reduce carotid endothelial vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and that 2) in vivo detection of carotid inflammation can be achieved in a large animal model using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEU) with VCAM-1 ...
Rogers Carol E - - 2012
Participating in strength, balance, and flexibility training reduces the risk for decreased physical function for older adults. This pilot study tested the effect of an exercise intervention on physical function. A pretest/posttest single-group design was used to test the effect of a 12-week Sign Chi Do (SCD) exercise intervention on ...
Bhammar Dharini M - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of fractionized aerobic exercise (three 10-min exercise sessions) and continuous exercise (one 30-min exercise session) on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP). METHODS: Eleven healthy prehypertensive subjects (28.3 ± 8.0 (SD) yr) completed three randomly assigned conditions: 1) three 10-min sessions of aerobic exercise (3×10-min), 2) ...
Celik Ozgur - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Acute effects of physical exercise on the deformational behaviour of articular cartilage and changes in cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) are definite. However, conclusive positive effects of fitness exercise on functional adaptation of articular cartilage have not been proved. AIM: Therefore, in this parallel-group randomised controlled trial, we tested ...
Pelletier Denis M - - 2012
Lately, the effect of quercetin supplementation (QS) upon endurance performance (EP) and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max ) has been receiving much scientific and media attention. Therefore, a meta-analysis was performed to determine QS's ergogenic value upon these variables. Studies were located with database searches (PubMed and SPORTDiscus) and crossreferencing. Outcomes ...
Grant Catharina C - - 2012
The effect of exercise interventions on autonomic nervous system (ANS) control of the heart by heart rate variability (HRV) is often investigated in just one position. It was hypothesized that results of exercise-induced changes on ANS are dependent on body position and that it is possible to distinguish between exercise ...
Guiraud Thibaut - - 2012
High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is frequently used in sports training. The effects on cardiorespiratory and muscle systems have led scientists to consider its application in the field of cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this review is to report the effects and interest of HIIT in patients with coronary artery disease ...
Valdes Kristin - - 2012
A review of the literature was performed to design a hand exercise regimen based on biomechanical principles of the carpometacarpal (CMC) joint and the forces that act upon the joint. Sixteen biomechanical studies were included in the review: four studies developed a mathematical model of the thumb and 12 performed ...
Gupta Shilpa S - - 2012
The modality of exercise that is most beneficial and easy to perform has become a topic of research. Yogic exercises are being widely studied; however, postulated benefits of yogic exercises over other exercises must be scientifically explored. Prospective randomized comparative studies involving yoga and other endurance exercises are conspicuous by ...
Nidhi Ram - - 2012
Yoga techniques practiced for varying durations have been shown to reduce state anxiety. This was never assessed in adolescents with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). To compare the effect of a holistic yoga program with the conventional exercise program on anxiety level in adolescents with PCOS. Ninety adolescent (15-18 years) girls ...
Rahnama Nader - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two types of rehabilitation techniques, including aerobic and strengthening exercises on patients with knee rheumatoid arthritis (RA). 48 male patients with knee RA were randomly assigned into 3 groups, including aerobic exercises, strengthening exercise, and control. The two first ...
Huffman Kim M - - 2012
The standard clinical approach for reducing cardiovascular disease risk due to dyslipidemia is to prescribe changes in diet and physical activity. The purpose of the current study was to determine if, across a range of dietary patterns, there were variable lipoprotein responses to an aerobic exercise training intervention. Subjects were ...
Paratz Jennifer D - - 2012
Although exercise programs after burns are considered a standard of care, there is limited evidence for efficacy in adult patients. This study aimed to investigate the effects of an exercise program on physical, functional, and quality of life measures. A quasi-experimental controlled trial was instituted after final grafting. Both groups ...
Intlekofer Karlie A - - 2012
Alzheimer's disease (AD) afflicts more than 5.4 million Americans and ranks as the most common type of dementia (Thies and Bleiler, 2011), yet effective pharmacological treatments have not been identified. Substantial evidence indicates that physical activity enhances learning and memory for people of all ages, including individuals that suffer from ...
Park Sung-Woo - - 2012
To examine the changes from a combined exercise intervention after radical prostatectomy (RP) in elderly patients with prostate cancer, because randomized controlled trials addressing exercise intervention after RP have been lacking. From May 2009 to May 2010, all patients who underwent laparoscopic RP were assessed for eligibility. A total of ...
Canto Nivea D - - 2012
The addition of tiotropium bromide (TIO) to formoterol fumarate (FOR) improves exercise performance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this study, we test the hypothesis that the addition of TIO to FOR may improve respiratory muscle performance and oxygen uptake kinetics after exercise in patients with COPD. ...
Smilios Ilias - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The present study examines the changes in maximum strength, vertical jump performance as well as the load-velocity and load-power relationship after a resistance training period using a heavy load and an individual load that maximizes mechanical power output with and without including body mass in power calculations. Forty-three moderately ...
Wahl Patrick - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The purpose was to examine the effects of a two week high intensity shock microcycle on maximal oxygen consumption and parameters of exercise performance in junior triathletes on the one hand, and to evaluate the long term effects of active (A) vs. passive (P) recovery on the other hand. ...
Bird Stephen R - - 2012
During the past 50 years, the prevalence of a cluster of chronic, inactivity-related diseases including obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), collectively referred to as 'metabolic syndrome' (MetS) has reached global epidemic proportions. Appropriate exercise training is a clinically proven, cost-effective, primary intervention that delays and in ...
Binnie Martyn J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This study compared the effect of sand and grass training surfaces during a common pre-season interval training session in well-trained team sport athletes (n=10). Participants initially completed a preliminary testing session to gather baseline (BASE) performance data for vertical jump (VJ), repeated sprint ability (RSA) and a 3 km ...
Carvalho Ana Paula Perillo Ferreira - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a complex syndrome characterized by intolerance to exertion and reduced functional capacity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the functional capacity of patients with HF and supplemented with creatine. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Thirty-three male patients over the age of 18 years with functional class II to ...
Bailey Tom G - - 2012
Introduction. Strenuous exercise is associated with an immediate decrease in endothelial function. Repeated bouts of ischemia followed by reperfusion, known as remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC), is able to protect the endothelium against ischemia-induced injury beyond the ischaemic area. We examined the hypothesis that RIPC prevents the decrease in endothelial function ...
Bastos F N - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential benefits of cold water immersion (CWI) and active recovery (AR) on blood lactate concentration ([Lac]) and heart rate variability (HRV) indices following high-intensity exercise. 20 male subjects were recruited. On the first visit, an incremental test was performed to ...
Kugler Christiane - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Newer generation left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are established for long-term support. The aim of this multi-modal intervention was to improve the body weight, exercise tolerance and psychosocial status in outpatients on long-term LVAD support. METHODS: Seventy patients participated in this non-randomized intervention study [intervention group (IGr) n = 34; control ...
Fuchs Reinhard - - 2012
Objective: To investigate how the effects of a group-based intervention program (MoVo-LISA) on exercise behaviour were mediated by cognitive variables. Different causal models mapping the short-term (adoption) and long-term (maintenance) intervention effects were tested using path analyses. Design: N = 220 in-patients of a rehabilitation clinic were assigned to an usual care ...
Taipale R S - - 2012
This study compared the effects of mixed maximal strength and explosive strength training with maximal strength training and explosive strength training combined with endurance training over an 8-week training intervention. Male subjects (age 21-45 years) were divided into three strength training groups, maximal (MAX, n = 11), explosive (EXP, 10) and mixed maximal ...
Daniel Kathryn - - 2012
To examine the effectiveness of a novel intervention aimed at decreasing indices related to frailty through systematic, Progressive Functional Rehabilitation (PFR). Pre-frail volunteers were recruited to participate in a 15 week exercise intervention or control group. Those who met study criteria and consented were randomized into one of three groups: ...
Parry Joseph S - - 2012
CONTEXT: The Bodyblade Pro is utilized for shoulder rehabilitation following injury. Resistance is provided by blade oscillations - faster oscillations or higher speeds correspond to greater resistance. However, research supporting its use is scarce, particularly in comparison to dumbbell training. OBJECTIVE: To compare muscle activity, using electromyography (EMG), in the ...
Lynn Scott K - - 2012
CONTEXT: Proper functioning of the intrinsic foot musculature (IFM) is essential in maintaining the integrity of the medial longitudinal arch (MLA). Improper functioning of the IFM leads to excessive pronation of the foot, which has been linked to various pathologies. Therefore, training the IFM to avoid excessive pronation may help ...
Kluding Patricia M - - 2012
Although exercise can significantly reduce the prevalence and severity of diabetic complications, no studies have evaluated the impact of exercise on nerve function in people with diagnosed diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). The purpose of this pilot study was to examine feasibility and effectiveness of a supervised, moderately intense aerobic and ...
Green Howard J - - 2012
This study investigated the hypothesis that the duration of aerobic-based cycle exercise would affect the adaptations in substrate and metabolic regulation that occur in vastus lateralis in response to a short-term (10 day) training program. Healthy active but untrained males (n = 7) with a peak aerobic power ([Formula: see text]) of 44.4 ± 1.4 ml kg(-1) min(-1) ...
Chandra Divay - - 2012
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND:It is uncertain whether the effort and expense of performing a second walk for the six-minute-walk test improves test performance. Hence, we attempted to quantify the improvement in six-minute-walk distance if an additional walk were to be performed. METHODS:We studied patients consecutively enrolled into the National Emphysema Treatment Trial ...
O'Brien Jane - - 2012
This study aimed to assess the feasibility of a home-based exercise programme and examine the effects on the healing rates of venous leg ulcers. A 12-week randomised controlled trial was conducted investigating the effects of an exercise intervention compared to a usual care group. Participants in both groups (n = ...
Wójcicki Thomas R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the extent to which participation in a 12- month exercise program changed the degree of importance that older adults attached to physical activity. Additionally, associations among changes in physical activity importance and health-related and psychosocial outcomes were examined. METHODS: Community-dwelling older ...
Orcy Rafael B - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aims to compare the effects of combined resistance and aerobic exercise with a resistance programme alone on functional performance among haemodialysis patients. DESIGN: The design was a randomized controlled trial. SETTING: The setting was the dialysis unit of a Brazilian university hospital. PATIENTS: Haemodialysis patients ...
McKay Carly - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a 6-week prehabilitation exercise training program on presurgical quadriceps strength for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). DESIGN: Two-arm, parallel, randomized, controlled pilot trial. SETTING: Private exercise space in a research facility. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two patients scheduled for primary TKA. METHODS: Participants completed a series ...
Van Roie Evelien - - 2012
ABSTRACT: It remains controversial whether maximal effort attained by high external resistance is required to optimize muscle adaptation to strengthening exercise. Here, we compared different training protocols reaching maximal effort with either high resistance (HImax, 80% of one repetition maximum (1RM)) or low resistance (LOmax, ≤40% 1RM). Thirty-six young volunteers ...
Candow Darren G - - 2012
Sarcopenia, defined as the age-related loss of muscle mass, has a negative effect on strength, functional independence and overall quality of life. Sarcopenia is a multifactorial phenomenon characterized by changes in muscle morphology, protein and hormonal kinetics, oxidative stress, inflammation, physical activity and nutrition. It is well known that resistance ...
Chen Trevor C - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study compared the effect of an initial exercise consisting of either low intensity eccentric, or maximal isometric contractions, on protective effect against maximal eccentric contraction-induced muscle damage. METHODS: Untrained young men were placed into one of five groups (n=13 per group); MaxECC, 10%ECC, 20%ECC, 90°ISO and 20°ISO. The ...
Wiklund Peder - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The skeleton has been suggested to be involved in energy metabolism through osteocalcin (OC), an osteoblast-specific molecule. The objective of this study was to investigate whether high impact exercise stimulating bone formation would lead to changes in glucose and lipid metabolism independent of cardiorespiratory effects, and if OC mediates ...
Henagan Tara M - - 2012
The existing paradigm of exercise-induced decreases in chronic inflammation focuses on the expression of inflammatory receptors on systemic monocytes in response to exercise training, with the role of anti-inflammatory receptors largely ignored. Our recent preliminary studies indicate that the anti-inflammatory melanocortin receptors (MCRs) may play a role in modulating exercise-induced ...
Murrell Carissa J - - 2012
Chronic reductions in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebrovascular reactivity to CO(2) are risk factors for cerebrovascular disease. Higher aerobic fitness is associated with higher CBF at any age; however, whether CBF or reactivity can be elevated following an exercise training intervention in healthy individuals is unknown. The aim of ...
Froholdt Anne A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet 0027, Oslo, Norway. - - 2012
To compare the 9-year outcome in patients with chronic low back pain treated by instrumented lumbar fusion versus cognitive intervention and exercises. The main outcome measure was the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Secondary outcome measures included pain, fear-avoidance beliefs, trunk muscle strength, medication, and return to work. One-third of the ...
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